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Adolescent breast

Tiffany Field
The increasing prevalence of postnatal anxiety highlights the need for summarizing the recent research on this condition to inform screening and intervention efforts. This narrative review of the literature was derived from a search on PubMed and PsycINFO for papers published since 2010. The demographic risk factors for postnatal anxiety include being a young mother, having more education and being employed. Childbirth risk factors include being primiparous in one sample and multiparous in another, caesarean delivery, fear of the birth and of death during delivery, lack of control during labor, low self-confidence for the delivery and the delivery staff, and premature delivery...
March 12, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
Jéssica Cumpian-Silva, Ana Elisa Madalena Rinaldi, Camila Medeiros da Silva Mazzeti, Wolney Lisboa Conde
The study aims to describe body phenotypes estimated by multivariate technique for the assessment of nutritional status in adolescence during the process of sexual maturation. The sample consisted of 833 schoolchildren 10 to 15 years of age, selected by complex sampling in Piracicaba, São Paulo State, Brazil. Body phenotypes were defined by principal components analysis (PCA) based on anthropometric data (body mass, height, skinfolds, and waist circumference), body composition (phase angle measurement by bioelectric impedance), biochemical parameters (triglycerides, glucose, total/LDL cholesterol ratio, hemoglobin), and sexual maturation (self-classification of stages of pubic hair and breasts or genitals)...
March 12, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Christian Graugaard, Cecilie Dyg Sperling, Bibi Hølge-Hazelton, Kirsten A Boisen, Gitte Stentebjerg Petersen
OBJECTIVE: The negative impact of malignant disease on sexual and relational functioning is well-documented among adults, but scarcely investigated among adolescents and young adults. This study explored the body image, self-perceived attractiveness and sexual/romantic experiences of Danes diagnosed with cancer at the age of 15-29 years. It also aimed to clarify whether self-perceived needs for counseling were in fact met by health-care providers. METHODS: All Danes who had been diagnosed with cancer at the age of 15-29 years during the period 2009-2013 were included in a cross-sectional nationwide questionnaire study...
March 12, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Marek Gróf, Tatiana Vagašová, Marián Oltman, Ľubomír Skladaný, Lenka Maličká
AIM: The economy of each state provides a significant amount of money into the health care system with the aim of knowing the health status of its population in the context of socioeconomic characteristics for effective resource allocation. In recent years, there is a growing number of cancer deaths in Slovakia. Therefore, the structure of cancer deaths according to its primary determinants, such as age, sex and education with the aim of effective implementation of prevention programs in Slovakia was examined...
December 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Zuhal Bayramoglu, Ravza Yılmaz, Emine Caliskan, Semen Onder, Gulcin Akkavak, Ibrahim Adaletli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: Breast Journal
Ching-Ching Yang, Pei-Chieh Yu, Jau-Ming Ruan, Yu-Cheng Chen
PURPOSE: The target detectability of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) performed in image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) was investigated to achieve sufficient image quality for patient positioning over a course of treatment session while maintaining radiation exposure from CBCT imaging as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA). METHODS: Body CBCT scans operated in half-fan mode were acquired with three different protocols: CBCTlowD , CBCTmidD , and CBCThighD , which resulted in weighted CT dose index (CTDIw ) of 0...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
Mariana Del Pino, Virginia Fano, Paula Adamo
BACKGROUND: Achondroplasia is the most common form of inherited disproportionate short stature. Cross-sectional design studies of height show that, during childhood, height standard deviation scores (SDS) declines steadily and reaches a mean adult height at -6.42 and -6.72 SDS. However, there is a lack of knowledge about longitudinal growth and biological variables during puberty for children with achondroplasia. Here we report the growth velocity and biological parameters during puberty in children with achondroplasia...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Yasuyuki Kanke, Akihiko Shimomura, Motonobu Saito, Takayuki Honda, Kouya Shiraishi, Yoko Shimada, Reiko Watanabe, Hiroshi Yoshida, Masayuki Yoshida, Chikako Shimizu, Kazuaki Takahashi, Hirohiko Totsuka, Hideaki Ogiwara, Sou Hirose, Koji Kono, Kenji Tamura, Aikou Okamoto, Takayuki Kinoshita, Tomoyasu Kato, Takashi Kohno
There has been little improvement in the prognosis for adolescent and young adult (AYA) tumor patients. Hence, there is an urgent need to understand the etiology of tumor development and identify actionable gene aberrations to improve prevention and therapy. Here, 76 sporadic tumors (48 breast, 22 ovarian, and six uterine) from 76 AYA females (age range, 25-39 years) were subjected to whole exome and RNA sequencing to determine their mutational signatures and actionable gene profiles. Two individuals with breast cancer (4...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
Markku Voutilainen, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Päivi Tossavainen, Taina Sipponen, Niina Pitkänen, Tomi Laitinen, Eero Jokinen, Tapani Rönnemaa, Jorma S A Viikari, Olli T Raitakari, Markus Juonala
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several genetic and environmental risk factors have been linked to chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The incidence of IBD has significantly increased in developed countries during last decades. The aim of the present study was to examine childhood risk factors for subsequent IBD diagnosis in a longitudinal cohort study of children and adolescents. METHODS: A Finnish study population consisting of 3551 children and adolescents originally evaluated as part of the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns study in 1980...
January 31, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
Alexander A Theologis, Matthew Crawford, Mohammad Diab
STUDY DESIGN: Cohort analysis. OBJECTIVE: Document satisfaction with management and appearance concerns in children of different ethnicity who underwent spinal fusion/instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Scoliosis Research Society Questionnaire (SRS-30) outcomes in AIS indicate a link between appearance and satisfaction as well as ethnic variation in appearance domain. Exploration of these findings in the Scoliosis Appearance Questionnaire (SAQ) will allow better understanding of ethnic variation in appearance concerns...
March 2018: Spine Deformity
Jacqueline Lammert, Jan Lubinski, Jacek Gronwald, Tomasz Huzarski, Susan Armel, Andrea Eisen, Wendy S Meschino, Henry T Lynch, Carrie Snyder, Charis Eng, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Ophira Ginsburg, William D Foulkes, Christine Elser, Stephanie A Cohen, Marion Kiechle, Steven A Narod, Joanne Kotsopoulos
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is inversely associated with the risk of breast cancer among women in the general population. It is not clear whether or not physical activity is associated with the risk of BRCA-associated breast cancer. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of 443 matched pairs of BRCA mutation carriers to evaluate the association between physical activity and breast cancer risk. Moderate and vigorous physical activities at ages 12-13, ages 14-17, ages 18-22, ages 23-29 and ages 30-34 were determined using the Nurses' Health Study II Physical Activity Questionnaire...
February 5, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Neha Kakkar, Ajay Gupta, Neeraj Kumar Sharma, Prachi Agarwal, Jaspreet Kaur
Purpose: This study aimed to analyze cancer pattern among adolescents and young adults (AYA) in a tertiary care center in North India. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study from January 2011 to December 2014 was undertaken on AYA cancer patients (aged 15-39 years). Results: Totally 1077 cases of AYA cancers were identified for analyzing the frequency and pattern of cancer distribution. The most common cancer was head and neck (32%) followed by breast (14...
October 2017: South Asian Journal of Cancer
Lindsay Till Hoyt, Julianna Deardorff, Kristine Marceau, Cecile A Laurent, Gayle C Windham, Louise C Greenspan, Susan M Pinney, Susan Teitelbaum, Kevin J Grimm, Melissa J Hagan, Frank M Biro, Mary S Wolff, Lawrence H Kushi, Robert A Hiatt
PURPOSE: This study aims to examine the longitudinal association between puberty and sleep in a diverse sample of girls and explore racial/ethnic differences in this association. METHODS: Using latent growth curve modeling, the present study measured pubertal development (timing and rate) and sleep (wake time and bedtime) in 1,239 socioeconomically and ethnically diverse girls starting when they were 6-8 years old and followed longitudinally for up to 8 years. Pubertal assessment was conducted annually in clinic by physical examination, classified by sexual maturation stage for breast and pubic hair development by trained raters...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
L W Gao, M X Zhang, L J Wu, L W Fu, X Y Zhao, J Mi
Objective: To examine the association between rs10938397 polymorphism in glucosamine-6-phosphate deaminase 2 (GNPDA2) and risk of obesity in children at different stages of development and analyze the differences in the association. Methods: A total of 3 503 school-aged children were selected from the Beijing Child and Adolescent Metabolic Syndrome (BCAMS) study in Beijing and their complete anthropometry weight, height, fat mass percentage (FMP), fat mass index (FMI) and free fat mass index (FFMI) and sexual maturation (SM) data were used...
January 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Huiyan Ma, Giske Ursin, Xinxin Xu, Eunjung Lee, Kayo Togawa, Kathleen E Malone, Polly A Marchbanks, Jill A McDonald, Michael S Simon, Suzanne G Folger, Yani Lu, Jane Sullivan-Halley, Dennis M Deapen, Michael F Press, Leslie Bernstein
BACKGROUND: Although it has been well-documented that obesity is associated with decreased risk of premenopausal breast cancer and increased risk of postmenopausal breast cancer, it is unclear whether these associations differ among breast cancer subtypes defined by the tumor protein expression status of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). METHODS: We evaluated the associations of body mass index (BMI) at age 18 years and recent BMI in relation to risk of breast cancer overall and ER/PR/HER2-defined subtypes, in 6320 women (3934 case-patient participants, 2386 control participants) aged 35-64 years, who participated in one of three population-based case-control studies...
January 22, 2018: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
Tamer Sekmenli, Hande Koksal, Metin Gunduz, Hasan Bostanci, Ilhan Ciftci, Yavuz Koksal
INTRODUCTION: The American College of Radiology's Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) was developed to guide imaging-based surgical treatment in patients with breast cancer. Studies confirming the BI-RADS did not include adolescents. To evaluate the validity of this classification system in adolescents, we aim to investigate the relationship between the BI-RADS and pathology findings in adolescents. METHODS: The medical data of 67 female adolescent patients, aged 12 to 18, referred to our clinic for breast-related complaints between 2013 and 2016 were reviewed retrospectively for demographic data and the results of radiologic and surgical pathologies...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Kirsten R Ballantine, Victoria Utley, Heidi Watson, Michael J Sullivan, Ruth Spearing
AIMS: New Zealand currently defines the adolescent and young adult (AYA) group for cancer services as young people 12-24 years of age, while other countries favour a designation of 15-29 years. This study was undertaken to compare cancer incidence and survival among 25-29 year olds to New Zealand's younger AYA population and to assess survival for our 15-29 year population against international benchmarks. METHODS: Diagnostic and demographic information for cancer registrations between 2000 and 2009 for 25-29 year olds was obtained from the New Zealand Cancer Registry...
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
Albina N Minlikeeva, Kirsten B Moysich, Paul C Mayor, John L Etter, Rikki A Cannioto, Roberta B Ness, Kristen Starbuck, Robert P Edwards, Brahm H Segal, Sashikant Lele, Kunle Odunsi, Brenda Diergaarde, Francesmary Modugno
PURPOSE: Multiple studies have examined the role of anthropometric characteristics in ovarian cancer risk and survival; however, their results have been conflicting. We investigated the associations between weight change, height and height change and risk and outcome of ovarian cancer using data from a large population-based case-control study. METHODS: Data from 699 ovarian cancer cases and 1,802 controls who participated in the HOPE study were included. We used unconditional logistic regression adjusted for age, race, number of pregnancies, use of oral contraceptives, and family history of breast or ovarian cancer to examine the associations between self-reported height and weight and height change with ovarian cancer risk...
January 11, 2018: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
Johannes C Bruck, Anna-Kristine Wipper
Surgical options to optimise one's body image are also accessible to adolescents. Although the vast majority of surgical procedures in this group of patients focus on otoplasty, 4 % of procedures in Germany are performed on the breast. The onset of menarche has not changed much in recent years, but obesity seems to generate problems with the breast for young girls. Since it is difficult to assess maturity and psychological resilience in young patients, a plastic surgeon is faced with an area of conflicts regarding his or her will to meet patients' reasonable wishes to ease their suffering, offer reliable and sustainable results, and comply with legal regulations that are largely uncertain...
December 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
Sean Deoni, Douglas Dean, Sarah Joelson, Jonathan O'Regan, Nora Schneider
Throughout early neurodevelopment, myelination helps provide the foundation for brain connectivity and supports the emergence of cognitive and behavioural functioning. Early life nutrition is an important and modifiable factor that can shape myelination and, consequently, cognitive outcomes. Differences in the nutritional composition between human breast and formula milk may help explain the functional and cognitive disparity often observed between exclusively breast versus formula-fed children. However, past cognitive and brain imaging studies comparing breast and formula feeding are often: cross-sectional; performed in older children and adolescents relying on parental recall of infant feeding; and generally treat formula-fed children as a single group despite the variability between formula compositions...
December 19, 2017: NeuroImage
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