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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647059/-silhouettes-at-different-age-of-life-retrospective-appreciation-of-corpulence-and-his-impact-on-prevalence-of-hypertension-at-60years
#1
F Thomas, J P Empana, M A Charles, P Boutouyrie, X Jouven, B Pannier, N Danchin
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: In epidemiological studies, recall of weight and height are not readily available at different ages of life. In order to improve the knowledge of the weight history, Sörensen et al. in 1983, developed a tool from silhouettes allowing an individual to evaluate his corpulence at different ages of life. Validity studies showed that measured weight and size were correlated to 80% in the reported silhouette. Studies have also shown that silhouettes are a good way to trace the weight history in an individual's life...
June 21, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619255/infant-nutrition-and-maternal-obesity-influence-the-risk-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents
#2
Oyekoya T Ayonrinde, Wendy H Oddy, Leon A Adams, Trevor A Mori, Lawrence J Beilin, Nicholas de Klerk, John K Olynyk
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The pathway to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in adolescents may have its origins in adiposity gains, nutrition and sedentary lifestyle established during childhood. There is inadequate knowledge regarding the associations between infant nutrition and subsequent NAFLD. We examined the association of maternal factors and infant nutrition, with the subsequent diagnosis of NAFLD in adolescents. METHODS: Adolescents aged 17years in the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Cohort study had fatty liver assessment using liver ultrasound...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613047/adolescent-gynecomastia
#3
Carly E Guss, Amy D Divasta
Gynecomastia, defined as the presence of glandular breast tissue in men, is a common, typically benign physical exam finding during adolescence. Although the exact pathogenesis of gynecomastia is unknown, it is likely due to a hormonal imbalance between estrogens and androgens. Most cases are idiopathic and do not require further evaluation if the history and physical examination are reassuring. Although the majority of cases will resolve spontaneously, surgical correction may be an option for adolescents with persistent and problematic gynecomastia...
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602452/disease-severity-presentation-and-clinical-outcomes-among-adolescents-with-malignant-breast-neoplasms-a-20-year-population-based-outcomes-study-from-the-seer-database-1973-2009
#4
Vijayashree Murthy, Shonali Pawar, Ronald S Chamberlain
INTRODUCTION: Primary breast cancer in adolescents is extremely rare and thus is not widely studied. This study aimed to evaluate trends, characteristics, and outcomes among a cohort of adolescents with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 657,712 female patients with breast cancer from Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database (1973-2009) were analyzed, and 91 adolescents were identified. Three age groups (under 20 years, 20-50 years or premenopausal, and > 50 years or postmenopausal) were compared for tumor size, stage, receptor status, and outcomes...
May 8, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598804/pubertal-gynecomastia-years-of-progress-the-hacettepe-experience
#5
Sinem Akgül, Orhan Derman, Nuray Kanbur
Gynecomastia is defined as an enlargement of the male breast. Although it is commonly seen during puberty, it is often overlooked by many physicians. As adolescent medicine specialists, we believe there is a gap in the literature concerning both the etiology and maybe more importantly the care of these adolescents. Thus, we have been dedicated to conducting research on this topic. The aim of this review article was to evaluate the studies concerning pubertal gynecomastia that took place at the Division of Adolescent Medicine, Hacettepe University, published between the years 2003 and 2016...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589419/breastfeeding-as-the-sole-source-of-milk-for-6%C3%A2-months-and-adolescent-bone-mineral-density
#6
E Blanco, R Burrows, M Reyes, B Lozoff, S Gahagan, C Albala
Little is known regarding the relationship between early life factors and bone mineral density (BMD). We found a positive association between breastfeeding for at least 6 months, without formula supplementation, and whole body adolescent BMD z-score. INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study is to assess the role of breastfeeding BF on adolescent bone mineral density (BMD) in a cohort prospectively followed since infancy. METHODS: We studied 679 participants from an infancy iron deficiency anemia preventive trial in Santiago, Chile, followed to adolescence...
June 6, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580124/sex-dependent-effects-of-maternal-corticosterone-and-ssri-treatment-on-hippocampal-neurogenesis-across-development
#7
Aarthi R Gobinath, Joanna L Workman, Carmen Chow, Stephanie E Lieblich, Liisa A M Galea
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression affects approximately 15% of mothers and represents a form of early life adversity for developing offspring. Postpartum depression can be treated with prescription antidepressants like fluoxetine (FLX). However, FLX can remain active in breast milk, raising concerns about the consequences of neonatal FLX exposure. The hippocampus is highly sensitive to developmental stress, and males and females respond differently to stress at many endpoints, including hippocampal plasticity...
2017: Biology of Sex Differences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570465/shared-medical-appointments-for-adolescent-breast-reduction
#8
Tara L Braun, Matthew G Kaufman, Cristina Hernandez, Laura A Monson
Adolescents with macromastia face serious physical, emotional, and social burdens because of their large breast size. Studies have shown that reduction mammoplasty results in improvement in physical symptoms and quality of life for these patients. Shared medical appointments (SMAs), defined as individual patient-physician encounters that occur in a group setting, have been successfully applied to clinics for adult patients seeking breast reduction for this condition. We decided to apply the SMA model to our clinic for preoperative evaluation of adolescent patients with macromastia...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561716/breast-cancer-after-childhood-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-it-s-not-just-about-chest-radiation
#9
David Hodgson, Flora van Leeuwen, Andrea Ng, Lindsay Morton, Tara O Henderson
Women who have been treated for a childhood, adolescent, or young adult cancer are at an increased risk for developing breast cancer at a young age, and breast cancer accounts for the most common subsequent malignant neoplasm among female childhood and adolescent cancer survivors. Risk of breast cancer in these survivors appears to be a multifaceted relationship between constitutional factors, exposures to radiation therapy (RT) and chemotherapy, and genetic predisposition. Given the significant morbidities and mortality associated with a breast cancer diagnosis, it is imperative that health care providers understand the risks, biology and genetics, recommended surveillance guidelines for early detection, and potential prevention strategies for women who have survived pediatric and young adult cancer...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560011/peutz-jeghers-syndrome-with-early-onset-of-pre-adolescent-gynecomastia-a-predigree-case-report-and-clinical-and-molecular-genetic-analysis
#10
Long-Jiang Zhang, Zhe Su, Xia Liu, Li Wang, Qin Zhang
This study reports a case of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome with early onset of gynecomastia, and discusses its clinical characteristics and genetic changes in a family. The clinical characteristics of a child diagnosed with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome in our hospital and his parents were summarized, and related genes were detected in the child and his parents. Furthermore, the therapeutic effect of letrozole was also observed. A five-year-and-three-month-old male patient visited a doctor due to "progressive painless enlargements at bilateral breast for more than two years"...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557525/human-milk-provision-experiences-goals-and-outcomes-for-teen-mothers-with-low-birth-weight-infants-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#11
Beverly Rossman, Paula P Meier, Judy E Janes, Christie Lawrence, Aloka L Patel
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding rates are virtually unknown for teen mothers whose low-birth-weight (LBW; <2500 gm) infants are hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The objective was to examine the infant feeding experiences, goals, and outcomes of teen mothers of LBW infants. METHODS: We conducted a multimethod study using a qualitative research design, survey, and infant medical records. The primary data source was individual interviews conducted with teen mothers of LBW infants hospitalized in a tertiary NICU...
May 30, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556594/fibroadenoma-in-adolescent-females-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#12
N Tanaka, T Ueno, Y Takama, H Yamanaka, Y Tazuke, K Bessho, H Okuyama
Breast FA is the most common breast tumor diagnosed in young women. Female renal transplant recipients on CsA have an increased risk of developing FA. However, reports of FA after LDLT have not been described. Our objectives were to determine the incidence of FA, analyze risk factors for FA, and evaluate treatment strategies in adolescent females after LDLT. A total of 18 female patients aged 10-19 years who underwent LDLT and survived at least one year after transplantation were enrolled in our study. The incidence of FA was 11...
May 29, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551081/exposure-to-stress-across-the-life-course-and-its-association-with-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-results-from-the-australian-women-s-wellness-after-cancer-program-wwacp
#13
Charrlotte Seib, Alexandra McCarthy, Amanda McGuire, Janine Porter-Steele, Sarah Balaam, Robert S Ware, Debra Anderson
OBJECTIVES: Earlier life stressors can increase the risk of persistent anxiety and depressive symptoms in women after cancer, though our understanding of the underlying mechanisms is limited. In this study, we tested alternative life course models to determine which best described associations between exposure to stressors in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood, and self-reported health in women previously treated for breast, gynaecological, and blood cancer. STUDY DESIGN: Data were drawn from 351 Australian women within 2 years of completing active cancer treatment who were participating in the Women's Wellness After Cancer Program (WWACP) randomised controlled trial...
May 19, 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541768/sex-differences-in-the-presentation-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-a-community-sample-of-adolescents
#14
Sophie C Schneider, Jonathan Mond, Cynthia M Turner, Jennifer L Hudson
The current study sought to explore sex differences in the presentation of probable full-syndrome and subthreshold body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in adolescents from an Australian community sample. Specifically, it examined sex differences in the types of BDD symptoms endorsed, body areas of concern, and the association with elevated symptoms of comorbid disorders. In male participants, it also compared the presenting features of those with and without muscle dysmorphia. Of 3,149 adolescents assessed using self-report questionnaires, 162 (5...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541571/childhood-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-incidence-in-japan-in-2009-2011
#15
Kota Katanoda, Akiko Shibata, Tomohiro Matsuda, Megumi Hori, Kayo Nakata, Yoshitaka Narita, Chitose Ogawa, Wataru Munakata, Akira Kawai, Hiroshi Nishimoto
Little is known about cancer incidence among children and youths in Japan. We aimed to describe cancer incidence in Japan focusing on childhood, adolescence and young adulthood (AYA). Cancer incidence data were obtained from the Monitoring of Cancer Incidence in Japan project. For the 2009-2011 incidence, the data were collected from 40 prefectures, of which data from 27 prefectures meeting quality standards were analyzed (population coverage: 38.6%). Cancers diagnosed in 0-39 years of age were classified according to the International Classification of Childhood Cancer (version 3)...
May 24, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532529/effect-of-childhood-nutrition-counselling-on-intelligence-in-adolescence-a-15-year-follow-up-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#16
Tiago N Munhoz, Iná S Santos, Simone de M Karam, Jose Martines, Gretel Pelto, Raquel Barcelos, Helen Gonçalves, Neiva Cj Valle, Luciana Anselmi, Alicia Matijasevich
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess the effects of an early childhood nutrition counselling intervention on intelligence (as measured by the intelligence quotient (IQ)) at age 15-16 years. DESIGN: A single-blind, cluster-randomised trial. SETTING: In 1998, in Southern Brazil, mothers of children aged 18 months or younger were enrolled in a nutrition counselling intervention (n 424). Counselling included encouragement and promotion of exclusive breast-feeding until 6 months of age and continued breast-feeding supplemented by protein-, lipid- and carbohydrate-rich foods after age 6 months up to age 2 years...
May 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525533/phenol-concentrations-during-childhood-and-subsequent-measures-of-adiposity-among-young-girls
#17
Andrea L Deierlein, Mary S Wolff, Ashley Pajak, Susan M Pinney, Gayle C Windham, Maida P Galvez, Michael Rybak, Antonia M Calafat, Lawrence H Kushi, Frank M Biro, Susan L Teitelbaum
Phenolic compounds represent a class of environmental chemicals with potential endocrine disrupting capabilities. We investigated longitudinal associations of childhood exposures to phenols, from both man-made and natural sources, and subsequent measures of adiposity among girls enrolled in The Breast Cancer and Environment Research Program, 2004-2007. Baseline (ages 6-8 years) urinary concentrations were obtained for creatinine and phenol metabolites: enterolactone, genistein, daidzein, benzophenone-3, bisphenol A, sum of parabens (methyl, ethyl, and propyl parabens), 2,5-dichlorophenol, and triclosan...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523418/breast-cancer-and-exposure-to-tobacco-smoke-during-potential-windows-of-susceptibility
#18
Alexandra J White, Aimee A D'Aloisio, Hazel B Nichols, Lisa A DeRoo, Dale P Sandler
PURPOSE: An association between smoking and breast cancer is unresolved, although a higher risk from exposure during windows of susceptibility has been proposed. The objective of this prospective study was to evaluate the association between tobacco smoke and breast cancer with a focus on timing of exposure, especially during early life. METHODS: Sister study participants (n = 50,884) aged 35-74 were enrolled from 2003 to 2009. Women in the United States and Puerto Rico were eligible if they were breast cancer-free but had a sister with breast cancer...
May 18, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508614/methods-for-rating-sexual-development-in-girls
#19
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ihab Zaki Elhakim, Ashraf T Soliman, Heba Elsedfy, Rania Elalaily, Giuseppe Millimaggi
Sexual maturity rating (SMR) is important in population studies and in clinical care. Pubertal staging allows doctors to assess the maturation of adolescents to correlate several pubertal phenomena such as age at menarche, growth spurt and final height, to advise and manage patients appropriately and to have sensitive "sensors" of the effects of environmental exposure on human populations. The commonly used markers of the timing of female puberty are thelarche and menarche. Appearance of the breast bud is the first indicator of puberty onset in 90% of girls...
September 2016: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499525/consecutive-cyproterone-acetate-and-estradiol-treatment-in-late-pubertal-transgender-female-adolescents
#20
Lloyd J W Tack, Robin Heyse, Margarita Craen, Karlien Dhondt, Heidi Vanden Bossche, Jolien Laridaen, Martine Cools
BACKGROUND: Cyproterone acetate (CA) is an antiandrogenic progestin commonly used in adult transwomen to suppress endogenous androgens, often in combination with estrogens to induce feminization. AIM: To assess the (side) effects and biochemical changes of CA alone and in combination with estrogens in adolescent trans-girls. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of clinical and biochemical data from 27 trans-girls who presented at Tanner stage G4 and were treated with CA monotherapy for at least 6 months (mean = 12 months) and then in combination with incremental doses of estrogens (CA + E; mean = 16 months)...
May 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
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