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Interventional pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806828/-prophylactic-plexus-catheter-treatment-in-operations-following-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-crps
#1
Florian Neubrech, Roderick Franciscus Pronk, Amir Khosrow Bigdeli, Christian Tapking, Ulrich Kneser, Leila Harhaus
Background This paper investigates and discusses the effect of perioperative plexus catheter treatment in former CRPS patients. Patients and Methods A retrospective matched-pair analysis was conducted on 10 CRPS patients with comparable injuries, who underwent surgery in the disease-free interval. In 10 cases, the procedure was performed with perioperative plexus catheter treatment (intervention group), whereas 10 patients did not receive perioperative plexus catheter treatment (control group). Results In the intervention group, after a follow-up time of 105 (20-184) days after the last surgical procedure, pain intensity on the visual analogue scale (VAS; 0 to 10) was 6...
August 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806817/the-effects-of-cannabis-among-adults-with-chronic-pain-and-an-overview-of-general-harms-a-systematic-review
#2
Shannon M Nugent, Benjamin J Morasco, Maya E O'Neil, Michele Freeman, Allison Low, Karli Kondo, Camille Elven, Bernadette Zakher, Makalapua Motu'apuaka, Robin Paynter, Devan Kansagara
Background: Cannabis is increasingly available for the treatment of chronic pain, yet its efficacy remains uncertain. Purpose: To review the benefits of plant-based cannabis preparations for treating chronic pain in adults and the harms of cannabis use in chronic pain and general adult populations. Data Sources: MEDLINE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and several other sources from database inception to March 2017. Study Selection: Intervention trials and observational studies, published in English, involving adults using plant-based cannabis preparations that reported pain, quality of life, or adverse effect outcomes...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805575/nonmotor-symptoms-in-dystonia
#3
Julie Ann Kristy L Torres, Raymond L Rosales
With the emergence of quality of life measures as an indicator for the impact of medical and surgical interventions in dystonia, focus has shifted toward unraveling the pathophysiology and neuroanatomical basis of the "nonmotor symptoms" (NMS). To date, the NMS are now recognized as the greater determinant of quality of life in dystonia, going above and beyond the motor symptomatology. This chapter highlights what is currently known in available literature on the NMS among patients with early-onset dystonia, adult-onset focal dystonia, and dystonia-plus syndromes with particular focus on the NMS involving cognition, mood, behavior (even suicide), sleep, and pain...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805571/palliative-care-and-nonmotor-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-parkinsonism
#4
Nataliya Titova, K Ray Chaudhuri
The term palliative care (PC) is defined as a collection of interventions and strategies that helps to improve and sustain the quality of life of patients and caregivers in situations and scenarios associated with life-threatening illness. This is usually implemented by means of early identification and treatment of relevant motor and nonmotor issues such as pain, sleep, and autonomic dysfunction, dementia, and depression. In addition, a holistic PC program also includes delivery of physical, psychosocial, and spiritual support...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805336/matrix-stimulation-in-cancer-pain-methodology-safety-and-effectiveness
#5
M Mücke, M Tils, R Conrad, D Kravchenko, H Cuhls, L Radbruch, M Marinova, V Peuckmann-Post, R Rolke
BACKGROUND: This feasibility study addresses the applicability of matrix electrodes for the reduction of ongoing pain in cancer patients via low-frequency electrical stimulation (LFS). METHODS: Low-frequency matrix stimulation (4 Hz) was applied to the skin within the 'Head's zones' referring to the tumour localization of cancer pain patients. Pain at baseline was compared to a 3-day treatment interval consisting of 5 min of matrix stimulation in the morning and evening followed by a 3-day follow-up period without therapy...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804935/confirming-the-mechanisms-behind-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-effectiveness-in-chronic-pain-using-structural-equation-modeling-in-a-sample-of-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders
#6
Estrella Durá-Ferrandis, Maite Ferrando-García, Mª José Galdón-Garrido, Yolanda Andreu-Vaillo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether therapeutic mechanisms assumed to explain the effect of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) concerning temporomandibular symptoms are confirmed by structural equation modelling. METHOD: Patients were randomly assigned to either an experimental group receiving CBT (N = 41) or a standard therapy control group (N = 31). Subjects were assessed before and after intervention using mediator variables hypothesized according to the CBT model, as well as outcome variables and other socio-demographic and clinical measures...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804504/efficacy-of-auricular-acupressure-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
REVIEW
Li-Hua Yang, Pei-Bei Duan, Qing-Mei Hou, Shi-Zheng Du, Jin-Fang Sun, Si-Juan Mei, Xiao-Qing Wang
OBJECTIVES: To identify the efficacy of auricular acupressure on pain and disability for chronic LBP by systematic review. METHODS: A search of randomized controlled trials was conducted in four English medical electronic databases and three Chinese databases. Two reviewers independently retrieved related studies, assessed the methodological quality, and extracted data with a standardized data form. Meta-analyses were performed using all time-points meta-analysis...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803720/impact-of-the-self-care-education-program-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes
#8
Shahram Baraz, Kourosh Zarea, Hajiee Bibi Shahbazian
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is an irreversible disease requiring lifetime self-care and rehabilitation. Patient education to improve their ability in administering self-care is also effective, lowering the risks of developing complications and promoting the quality of life. This study was conducted to assess the effect of self-care educational programs in promoting the quality of life of diabetic patients. METHODS: In this pre-test/post-test intervention study design, 30 diabetes patients were included on the basis of a non-randomized sampling, using each subject as her/his own control...
August 1, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803704/effectiveness-of-graded-activity-versus-physiotherapy-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-midterm-follow-up-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Maurício Oliveira Magalhães, Josielli Comachio, Paulo Henrique Ferreira, Evangelos Pappas, Amélia Pasqual Marques
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a major health and economic problem worldwide. Graded activity and physiotherapy are commonly used interventions for nonspecific low back pain. However, there is currently little evidence to support the use of one intervention over the other in the medium-term. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of graded activity exercises to physiotherapy-based exercises at mid-term (three and six months' post intervention) in patients with chronic nonspecific LBP...
July 12, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803691/effectiveness-of-lavendula-stoechas-essential-oil-in-treatment-of-mild-to-moderate-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Bina Eftekharsadat, Peyman Roomizadeh, Shervin Torabi, Fariba Heshmati-Afshar, Fatemeh Jahanjoo, Arash Babaei-Ghazani
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. INTRODUCTION: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy of the upper extremity. To date, no previous study has evaluated the efficacy of topical Lavendula stoechas (Lavender) oil in CTS patients. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effectiveness of topical Lavender essential oil in pain intensity, isometric pinch strength, electrophysiological features, and functional status of patients with mild to moderate CTS...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803493/health-related-quality-of-life-of-people-with-multimorbidity-at-a-community-based-interprofessional-student-assisted-clinic-implications-for-assessment-and-intervention
#11
Zephanie Tyack, Suzanne Kuys, Petrea Cornwell, Kerrie-Anne Frakes, Steven McPhail
Objective This study examined the relationship between the number of comorbidities and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and between select physical conditions and HRQoL. Differences in HRQoL in comparison to a normative sample were also examined. Method A cross-sectional study among people with multimorbidity ( n = 401) attending a community-based, interdisciplinary health clinic was conducted. HRQoL was measured using the eight dimensions of the SF-36. Multiple linear regression and t-tests were used to analyse the data...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803088/treat-the-pain-program
#12
Megan O'Brien, Amanda Schwartz, Laura Plattner
CONTEXT: Globally, low and middle-income countries are home to 70% of cancer deaths and 99% of HIV deaths, but they consume just 7% of opioid analgesics. OBJECTIVE: The American Cancer Society's Treat the Pain program partners with governments in low and middle-income countries to improve access to high-quality essential pain medicines. METHOD: Treat the Pain has developed the MORPHINE Framework to provide a structure to describe challenges to access to pain relief and to group and sequence interventions to address these challenges...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803078/safety-and-effectiveness-of-palliative-drug-treatment-in-the-last-days-of-life-a-systematic-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Kristian Jansen, Dagny Faksvåg Haugen, Lisa Pont, Sabine Ruths
CONTEXT: Dying patients commonly experience potentially distressing symptoms. Palliative care guidelines recommend opioids, anticholinergics, antipsychotics and benzodiazepines for symptom relief. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the effectiveness and safety of palliative drug treatment in the last days of life of adult patients, focusing on the management of pain, dyspnea, anxiety, restlessness, and death rattle. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature published before December 2016 in PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane, ClinicalTrials...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802926/nonmotor-symptoms-and-natural-history-of-parkinson-s-disease-evidence-from-cognitive-dysfunction-and-role-of-noninvasive-interventions
#14
Roberta Biundo, Eleonora Fiorenzato, Angelo Antonini
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by motor and nonmotor symptoms (NMS). Several subsequent studies substantiate the great functional burden related to NMS, their progression, and negative effect on quality of life in PD. Additional evidence indicates interesting relationships between striatal dopaminergic function and NMS. The basal ganglia are implicated in the modulation and integration of sensory information and pain, bladder function is under control of both inhibitory (D1) and facilitatory (D2) dopaminergic inputs, finally reduced dopaminergic activity in the mesocortical and mesolimbic pathways is involved in the development of several NMS including mood, motivational, and cognitive alterations...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802773/active-physiotherapy-interventions-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-the-hospital-and-inpatient-rehabilitation-settings-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Kate G Henderson, Jason A Wallis, David A Snowdon
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapy is a routine component of postoperative management following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). As the demand for surgery increases it is vital that postoperative physiotherapy interventions are effective and efficient. OBJECTIVES: Determine the most beneficial active physiotherapy interventions in acute hospital and inpatient rehabilitation for improving pain, activity, range of motion and reducing length of stay for adults who have undergone TKA...
February 1, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802473/integrative-women-s-health
#16
REVIEW
Delia Chiaramonte, Melinda Ring, Amy B Locke
This article addresses the common women's health concerns of menopause-related symptoms, premenstrual syndrome, and chronic pelvic pain. Each can be effectively addressed with an integrative approach that incorporates interventions such as pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, mind-body approaches, acupuncture, and lifestyle modification.
September 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801523/dietary-modulation-of-oxylipins-in-cardiovascular-disease-and-aging
#17
Stephanie P B Caligiuri, Mihir Parikh, Aleksandra Stamenkovic, Grant N Pierce, Harold M Aukema
Oxylipins are a group of fatty acid metabolites generated via oxygenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids and are involved in processes such as inflammation, immunity, pain, vascular tone and coagulation. As a result, oxylipins are implicated in many conditions characterized by these processes including cardiovascular disease and aging. The best characterized oxylipins in relation to cardiovascular disease are derived from the ω-6 fatty acid arachidonic acid. These oxylipins generally increase inflammation, hypertension and platelet aggregation, although not universally...
August 11, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801425/non-pharmacological-self-management-for-people-living-with-migraine-or-tension-type-headache-a-systematic-review-including-analysis-of-intervention-components
#18
Katrin Probyn, Hannah Bowers, Dipesh Mistry, Fiona Caldwell, Martin Underwood, Shilpa Patel, Harbinder Kaur Sandhu, Manjit Matharu, Tamar Pincus
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of non-pharmacological self-management interventions against usual care, and to explore different components and delivery methods within those interventions PARTICIPANTS: People living with migraine and/or tension-type headache INTERVENTIONS: Non-pharmacological educational or psychological self-management interventions; excluding biofeedback and physical therapy.We assessed the overall effectiveness against usual care on headache frequency, pain intensity, mood, headache-related disability, quality of life and medication consumption in meta-analysis...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801149/hypnosis-for-reduction-of-background-pain-and-pain-anxiety-in-men-with-burns-a-blinded-randomised-placebo-controlled-study
#19
Hossein Jafarizadeh, Mojgan Lotfi, Fardin Ajoudani, Arezou Kiani, Vahid Alinejad
INTRODUCTION: 'Background pain' and 'pain anxiety' are among the numerous problems of patients with burns. Non-pharmacological and pharmacological interventions have been used to reduce background pain and pain anxiety. This study compared the effectiveness of hypnosis and 'neutral hypnosis' (as a placebo in the control group) in decreasing the background burn pain and pain anxiety of adult male survivors with burns. DESIGN: This is a blinded, randomised, placebo-controlled study...
August 8, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801032/physiotherapy-for-patients-with-shoulder-pain-in-primary-care-a-descriptive-study-of-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-management
#20
Y H J M Karel, G G M Scholten-Peeters, M Thoomes-de Graaf, E Duijn, J B van Broekhoven, B W Koes, A P Verhagen
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain is one of the three main musculoskeletal complaints and more than 50% of the patients have symptoms longer than 6 months. Until now, limited data exist about the content of physiotherapy for patients with shoulder pain in primary care. OBJECTIVE: Describe current physiotherapeutic diagnostic- and therapeutic management, including the use of diagnostic ultrasound, in patients with shoulder pain in primary care. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective cohort study in primary care physiotherapy with a 12 week follow-up...
November 28, 2016: Physiotherapy
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