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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166482/abortion-and-sex-related-conditions-in-substance-dependent-brazilian-patients
#1
Alessandra Diehl, Sandra Cristina Pillon, Manoel Antonio Dos Santos, Ronaldo Laranjeira
Abortion is a very sensitive issue with relevance to public health; however few clinical or population-based studies have examined induced abortion among drug users. The study aims to evaluate the prevalence of induced abortion and sex-related conditions in an inpatient drug user sample. A cross-sectional design study was conducted in an inpatient addiction treatment unit in São Paulo, Brazil, with a sample of 616 patients, aged 18-75. Sociodemographic data, sexual behavior, and dependence severity were evaluated in relation to induced abortion...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166291/job-stress-in-young-adults-is-associated-with-a-range-of-poorer-health-behaviours-in-the-childhood-determinants-of-adult-health-cdah-study
#2
Shuo Wang, Kristy Sanderson, Terence Dwyer, Alison Venn, Seana Gall
OBJECTIVE: To examine job stress and health behaviours, including their co-occurrence, in Australians aged 31-41 year assessed in 2009-11. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses using multivariable regression models of the association between the Effort Reward Imbalance (ERI) scale and health behaviours (smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, physical activity and BMI) both individually and co-occurring (0-3 versus 4-5 behaviours) were undertaken. Covariates included sociodemographics, personality and life events...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165784/interventions-for-managing-skeletal-muscle-spasticity-following-traumatic-brain-injury
#3
REVIEW
Anneliese Synnot, Marisa Chau, Veronica Pitt, Denise O'Connor, Russell L Gruen, Jason Wasiak, Ornella Clavisi, Loyal Pattuwage, Kate Phillips
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle spasticity is a major physical complication resulting from traumatic brain injury (TBI), which can lead to muscle contracture, joint stiffness, reduced range of movement, broken skin and pain. Treatments for spasticity include a range of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions, often used in combination. Management of spasticity following TBI varies from other clinical populations because of the added complexity of behavioural and cognitive issues associated with TBI...
November 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165401/systematic-overview-of-bacopa-monnieri-l-wettst-dominant-poly-herbal-formulas-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
James D Kean, Luke A Downey, Con Stough
Background: The Ayurvedic medicinal system employs a holistic approach to health, utilising the synergistic properties of organic resources. Research into the Ayurvedic herb Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst. (B.monnieri) has reported improvements in cognitive outcomes in child and adult populations. The aim of current review is to systematically assess and critically summarize clinical trials investigating B.monnieri-dominant poly-herbal formulas and their effects on the cognition, memory, learning, and behaviour in children and adolescents...
November 22, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164765/maternal-pre-pregnancy-obesity-and-child-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
C E Sanchez, C Barry, A Sabhlok, K Russell, A Majors, S H Kollins, B F Fuemmeler
This review examined evidence of the association between maternal pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity status and child neurodevelopmental outcomes. PubMed and PsycINFO databases were systematically searched for empirical studies published before April 2017 using keywords related to prenatal obesity and children's neurodevelopment. Of 1483 identified papers, 41 were included in the systematic review, and 32 articles representing 36 cohorts were included in the meta-analysis. Findings indicated that compared with children of normal weight mothers, children whose mothers were overweight or obese prior to pregnancy were at increased risk for compromised neurodevelopmental outcomes (overweight: OR = 1...
November 22, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163943/rehabilitation-for-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases-patient-experiences-of-a-structured-goal-planning-and-tailored-follow-up-programme
#6
Turid Nygaard Dager, Ingvild Kjeken, Gunnhild Berdal, Anne-Lene Sand-Svartrud, Ingvild Bø, Anne Dingsør, Siv Grødal Eppeland, Jon Hagfors, Bente Hamnes, Merete Nielsen, Bente Slungaard, Sigrid Hørven Wigers, Mona-Iren Hauge
Objective: To explore the significance of the content of rehabilitation in terms of achieving a personal outcome, and to understand the significance of tailored follow-up interventions for individual efforts to prolong health behaviour change after rehabilitation. Design: Semi-structured interviews with patients who had received an extended rehabilitation programme. All interviews were transcribed verbatim. A thematic analysis was applied. Subjects: A purposeful sample of 18 patients with rheumatic diseases who had attended specialized multidisciplinary rehabilitation with an extended programme consisting of a self-help booklet, structured goal-setting talks and tailored follow-up calls based on motivational interviewing...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163864/pathways-into-mental-health-care-for-uk-veterans-a-qualitative-study
#7
Harriet Mellotte, Dominic Murphy, Laura Rafferty, Neil Greenberg
Background: It is well established that veterans suffering from mental health difficulties under use mental health services. Objective: This study aimed to understand more about the barriers that prevent veterans from seeking professional help and the enablers that assist veterans in seeking professional help. It also aimed to explore potential mechanisms to improve veterans' help-seeking and pathways to care. Method: The study employed a qualitative design whereby 17 veterans who had recently attended specialist veteran mental health services took part in semi-structured interviews...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162934/decision-making-and-experiences-of-young-adults-undergoing-presymptomatic-genetic-testing-for-familial-cancer-a-longitudinal-grounded-theory-study
#8
Lea Godino, Leigh Jackson, Daniela Turchetti, Catherine Hennessy, Heather Skirton
Enabling informed choice is an essential component of care when offering young adults presymptomatic testing for a genetic condition. A systematic review on this topic revealed that many young adults grew up with little information regarding their genetic risk and that parents had applied pressure to them during the testing decision-making process. However, none of the studies retrieved were conducted in South European countries. To address this gap, we undertook a qualitative study based on grounded theory to explore the psychosocial implications of presymptomatic testing for hereditary cancer in Italian young adults aged 18-30 years...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162574/doctors-perception-of-support-and-the-processes-involved-in-complaints-investigations-and-how-these-relate-to-welfare-and-defensive-practice-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-uk-physicians
#9
Tom Bourne, Bavo De Cock, Laure Wynants, Mike Peters, Chantal Van Audenhove, Dirk Timmerman, Ben Van Calster, Maria Jalmbrant
OBJECTIVE: How adverse outcomes and complaints are managed may significantly impact on physician well-being and practice. We aimed to investigate how depression, anxiety and defensive medical practice are associated with doctors actual and perceived support, behaviour of colleagues and process issues regarding how complaints investigations are carried out. DESIGN: A survey study. Respondents were classified into three groups: no complaint, recent/current complaint (within 6 months) or past complaint...
November 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162572/protocol-a-cluster-randomised-control-trial-study-exploring-stigmatisation-and-recovery-based-perspectives-regarding-mental-illness-and-substance-use-problems-among-primary-healthcare-providers-across-toronto-ontario
#10
Akwatu Khenti, Robert Mann, Jaime C Sapag, Sireesha J Bobbili, Emily K Lentinello, Mark van der Maas, Branka Agic, Hayley Hamilton, Heather Stuart, Scott Patten, Marcos Sanches, Patrick Corrigan
INTRODUCTION: Primary care settings are often the first and only point of contact for persons with mental health and/or substance use problems. However, staff experience and training in this area are often limited. These factors as well as a multitude of other components such as structural and systemic stigma experienced by staff can lead to clients being stigmatised, leading to poorer outcomes. By developing a comprehensive intervention for primary care staff working at community health centres (CHCs) aimed at reducing stigma towards people with mental health and substance use problems (MHSUP), we sought to test an innovative and contact-based intervention consisting of staff training, raising awareness, a recovery-focused art programme and an analysis of internal policies and procedures...
November 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162148/text-messages-to-increase-attendance-to-follow-up-cervical-cancer-screening-appointments-among-hpv-positive-tanzanian-women-connected2care-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Ditte S Linde, Marianne S Andersen, Julius D Mwaiselage, Rachel Manongi, Susanne K Kjaer, Vibeke Rasch
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major health concern in Tanzania, caused by poor attendance for cervical cancer screening and follow-up of women at risk. Mobile telephone health interventions are proven effective tools to improve health behaviour in African countries. So far, no knowledge exists on how such interventions may perform in relation to cervical cancer screening in low-income settings. This study aims to assess the degree to which a Short Message Service (SMS) intervention can increase attendance at appointments among women who have tested positive for high-risk (HR) Human Papillomavirus (HPV) during cervical cancer screening...
November 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162090/assessment-of-motivational-interviewing-a-qualitative-study-of-response-process-validity-content-validity-and-feasibility-of-the-motivational-interviewing-target-scheme-mits-in-general-practice
#12
Riëtta Oberink, Saskia M Boom, Nynke van Dijk, Mechteld R M Visser
BACKGROUND: The Motivational Interviewing target Scheme (MITS) is an instrument to assess competency in Motivational Interviewing (MI) and can be used to assess MI in long and brief consultations. In this qualitative study we examined two sources of the Unified Model of Validity, the current standard of assessment validation, in the context of General Practice. We collected evidence concerning response process validity and content validity of the MITS in general practice. Furthermore, we investigated its feasibility...
November 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162017/public-health-educational-comprehensiveness-the-strategic-rationale-in-establishing-networks-among-schools-of-public-health
#13
Robert Otok, Katarzyna Czabanowska, Anders Foldspang
The establishment and continuing development of a sufficient and competent public health workforce is fundamental for the planning, implementation, evaluation, effect and ethical validity of public health strategies and policies and, thus, for the development of the population's health and the cost-effectiveness of health and public health systems and interventions. Professional public health strategy-making demands a background of a comprehensive multi-disciplinary curriculum including mutually, dynamically coherent competences - not least, competences in sociology and other behavioural sciences and their interaction with, for example, epidemiology, biostatistics, qualitative methods and health promotion and disease prevention...
November 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161971/lying-to-patients-with-dementia-attitudes-versus-behaviours-in-nurses
#14
Daniela Cantone, Francesco Attena, Sabrina Cerrone, Antonio Fabozzi, Riccardo Rossiello, Laura Spagnoli, Concetta Paola Pelullo
BACKGROUND: Using lies, in dementia care, reveals a common practice far beyond the diagnosis and prognosis, extending to the entire care process. OBJECTIVES: In this article, we report results about the attitude and the behaviour of nurses towards the use of lies to patients with dementia. RESEARCH DESIGN: An epidemiological cross-sectional study was conducted between September 2016 and February 2017 in 12 elderly residential facilities and in the geriatric, psychiatric and neurological wards of six specialised hospitals of Italy's Campania Region...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161964/suicidal-ideation-in-systemic-lupus-erythematous-nr2a-gene-polymorphism-clinical-and-psychosocial-factors
#15
R I Buji, N A Abdul Murad, L F Chan, T Maniam, M S Mohd Shahrir, M Rozita, A S Shamsul, R Mohamad Hussain, N Abdullah, R Jamal, N R Nik Jaafar
Background Systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) patients are a high-risk population for suicide. Glutamatergic neurosystem genes have been implicated in the neurobiology of depression in SLE and suicidal behaviour in general. However, the role of glutamate receptor gene polymorphisms in suicidal behaviour among SLE patients remains unclear in the context of established clinical and psychosocial factors. We aimed to investigate the association of NR2A gene polymorphism with suicidal ideation in SLE while accounting for the interaction between clinical and psychosocial factors...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161784/calcifying-epithelial-odontogenic-cyst
#16
Balaji Manohar, Dhritiman Baidya, Neema Shetty, Aditi Mathur, Barkha Makhijani
The Calcifying Odontogenic Cyst was first described as a distinct clinicopathologic entity by Gorlin and his colleagues in 1962. Gold (1963) chose a similar, but not identical term for the lesion, namely 'keratinizing and calcifying odontogenic cyst'. The calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor (CCOT) is a new designation of calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) recommended by the 2005 classification of the World Health Organization (WHO). The calcifying odontogenic cyst is not a common lesion; the dentinogenic ghost cell tumor is even less common and should be considered rare...
November 2017: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161378/health-behaviours-as-a-predictor-of-quitting-hazardous-alcohol-use-in-the-stockholm-public-health-cohort
#17
Eleonor Säfsten, Yvonne Forsell, Mats Ramstedt, Maria R Galanti
Background: Adopting healthy behaviours may facilitate the transition from hazardous to non-hazardous use of alcohol, yet, longitudinal studies of health behaviours in relation to the cessation of hazardous alcohol use are rare. We addressed this question using data from a large population-based cohort of adults in Sweden (Stockholm Public Health Cohort). Methods: Participants from two sub-cohorts (inception in 2002 and 2010), with follow-up until the year 2014 were included...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161256/hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-and-early-antiretroviral-treatment-among-female-sex-workers-in-south-africa-results-from-a-prospective-observational-demonstration-project
#18
Robyn Eakle, Gabriela B Gomez, Niven Naicker, Rutendo Bothma, Judie Mbogua, Maria A Cabrera Escobar, Elaine Saayman, Michelle Moorhouse, W D Francois Venter, Helen Rees
BACKGROUND: Operational research is required to design delivery of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and early antiretroviral treatment (ART). This paper presents the primary analysis of programmatic data, as well as demographic, behavioural, and clinical data, from the TAPS Demonstration Project, which offered both interventions to female sex workers (FSWs) at 2 urban clinic sites in South Africa. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The TAPS study was conducted between 30 March 2015 and 30 June 2017, with the enrolment period ending on 31 July 2016...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161176/translation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-interprofessional-facilitation-scale
#19
Junji Haruta, Raoul Breugelmans, Hiroshi Nishigori
Effective interaction in interprofessional collaboration requires skills in interprofessional facilitation. The need for interprofessional learning and practice in Japan is highlighted by Japan's status as one of the most rapidly aging societies because good care for elderly people with complex needs requires effective collaboration between different professional groups. The development of interprofessional facilitation skills (including management of the additional complexities) among learners or professionals enhances interprofessional learning and consensus building and empowers them to make appropriate commitments when faced with difficult challenges...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160195/political-boundary-versus-social-context-dynamics-of-socioeconomic-differentials-in-fertility-in-indian-states
#20
Dharma Arunachalam, Kannan Navaneetham, Walter Forrest
Using data from India's first (1992-93) and third (2005-06) National Family Health Surveys (NFHS-I and NFHS-III) this study examined the fertility differentials between major social groups and the extent to which these varied between states and over time. The analysis was based on a sample of 54,030 and 55,369 currently married women aged 15-34 in the NFHS-I and NFHS-III respectively. Reported parity and desired family size were used to assess variations in fertility behaviour. The results show that interstate variation in childbearing patterns within social groups was at least as high as, if not higher than, variation between states (net of other influences) in both periods, 1992-93 and 2005-06...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
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