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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055290/a-qualitative-meta-synthesis-examining-the-role-of-women-in-african-american-men-s-prostate-cancer-screening-and-treatment-decision-making
#1
REVIEW
Erin M Bergner, Emily K Cornish, Kenay Horne, Derek M Griffith
OBJECTIVE: Being an African American man is a risk factor for prostate cancer and there is little consensus about the utility of screening, early detection, and the efficacy of treatment for the disease. In this context, this systematic review examines the roles women, particularly wives, play in African American men's prostate cancer screening and treatment decision-making. METHODS: We searched OVID Medline (R), CINAHL (EBSCO), PsychInfo (EBSCO), PubMED, Cochrane Library, ERIC (Firstsearch) and Web of Science to identify peer-review articles published between 1980-2016 that reported qualitative data about prostate cancer screening, diagnosis, or treatment in African American men...
October 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055268/early-age-of-e-cigarette-use-onset-mediates-the-association-between-impulsivity-and-e-cigarette-use-frequency-in-youth
#2
Krysten W Bold, Meghan E Morean, Grace Kong, Patricia Simon, Deepa R Camenga, Dana A Cavallo, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
BACKGROUND: Identifying risk factors for youth e-cigarette use is critical, given high rates of e-cigarette use and unknown health effects of long-term use. The current study examined whether an early age of onset of e-cigarette use mediates the association between impulsivity and e-cigarette frequency. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data of e-cigarette users (n=927) were collected from 8 high schools in southeastern Connecticut. The sample was 44.7% female (mean age 16...
October 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054836/formative-assessment-design-of-a-web-connected-sedentary-behavior-intervention-for-females
#3
Amber W Kinsey, Matthew Whipple, Lauren Reid, Olivia Affuso
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior (SB) is a significant risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and early mortality, particularly among women, and the health consequences associated with SB are independent of physical activity status. Interventions utilizing wearable technologies can improve SB, but their effectiveness is influenced by individual preferences, device engagement strategies, and technological features, which may affect user compliance. Gathering a priori insight from target populations on their preferences for program tools and strategies may assist researchers in identifying effective methods to improve the efficacy of SB interventions...
October 20, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054742/failing-to-pay-heed-to-health-warnings-in-a-food-associated-environment
#4
Aukje A C Verhoeven, Poppy Watson, Sanne de Wit
People often fail to adhere to food-related health information. Increasing evidence suggests that environmental stimuli interfere with good intentions by triggering choices relatively automatically. Using a Pavlovian-instrumental transfer (PIT) task, we examined whether food-associated stimuli reduce health warnings' effectiveness. We expected that people adhere to health warnings in the absence, but not presence, of food-associated stimuli. In addition, we examined timing effects, i.e., whether health warnings are more effective when they are given prior to associative learning rather than afterwards...
October 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054540/do-sport-related-concussions-result-in-long-term-cognitive-impairment-a-review-of-event-related-potential-research
#5
Christopher J Brush, Peter J Ehmann, Ryan L Olson, Walter R Bixby, Brandon L Alderman
Sport-related concussions have become a major public health concern although the long-term effects on cognitive function remain largely unknown. Event-related potentials (ERPs) are ideal for studying the long-term impact of sport-related concussions, as they have excellent temporal precision and provide insight that cannot be obtained from behavioral or neuropsychological measures alone. We reviewed all available published studies that have used stimulus or response-locked ERPs to document cognitive control processes in individuals with a history of concussion...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054288/using-the-research-domain-criteria-rdoc-to-conceptualize-impulsivity-and-compulsivity-in-relation-to-addiction
#6
Samantha J Brooks, Christine Lochner, Steve Shoptaw, Dan J Stein
Nomenclature for mental disorder was updated in 2013 with the publication of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5). In DSM-5, substance use disorders are framed as more dimensional. First, the distinction between abuse and dependence is replaced by substance use. Second, the addictions section now covers both substances and behavioral addictions. This contemporary move toward dimensionality and transdiagnosis in the addictions and other disorders embrace accumulating cognitive-affective neurobiological evidence that is reflected in the United States' National Institutes of Health Research Domain Criteria (NIH RDoC)...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054122/assessing-the-reporting-quality-of-influenza-outbreaks-in-the-community
#7
Calvin Lo, Dominik Mertz, Mark Loeb
BACKGROUND: High quality reporting of outbreak characteristics is fundamental to understand the behavior of various strains of influenza virus and the impact of outbreak management strategies. However, few studies have systematically evaluated the quality of outbreak reporting. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic analysis and assessment for reporting quality of influenza outbreaks based on a modified version of the STROBE statement, and to examine characteristics associated with reporting quality...
October 20, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054099/examining-factors-associated-with-elevated-lie-scale-responding-on-the-child-abuse-potential-inventory
#8
Amanda H Costello, Natalie J Shook, Nancy M Wallace, Cheryl B McNeil
Child maltreatment remains a serious public health issue in the United States. Therefore, it is important to engage in quality control of the assessment, prevention, and treatment services for families affected by maltreatment. Parenting capacity assessments (PCAs) are typically an integral part of service delivery for families affected by maltreatment and can carry serious consequences for the referred parent. The Child Abuse Potential Inventory (CAPI) is a measure that is widely used in PCAs; however, socially desirable responding on the CAPI can serve to invalidate the important information derived from this assessment, as well as lead to negative impressions of the parent...
October 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054016/job-burnout-predicts-decline-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-employees-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-one-year-follow-up-study-in-female-nurses
#9
Min Zhang, Adrian Loerbroks, Jian Li
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether job burnout is associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in employees with cardiovascular disease. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, we included 305 female hospital nurses with cardiovascular disease. Job burnout was measured by the 6-item Copenhagen Burnout Inventory at baseline. We categorized study participants into low, intermediate and high levels of job burnout based on tertiles. HRQOL at baseline and at one-year follow-up was operationalized in terms of the physical and mental functioning summary scores of the short form 8-item health survey (SF-8), which is an abbreviated version of the widely used SF-36 with score ranges of 0-100...
October 17, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053857/uv-reflection-properties-of-plumage-and-skin-of-domesticated-turkeys-meleagris-gallopavo-f-dom-as-revealed-by-uv-photography
#10
T Bartels, J-H Lütgeharm, M Wähner, J Berk
Reflection and fluorescence properties of feathered and non-feathered body regions of white- and bronze-colored fattening turkeys of various ages were examined by ultraviolet (UV) photography. The examinations were carried out on 20 white-feathered fattening turkeys (B.U.T. 6; 10 males, 10 females) and 20 bronze-feathered fattening turkeys (Grelier 708; 10 males, 10 females) over a period of 21 weeks. The turkeys were photographed once a wk under long-wave UV (UVA) radiation illumination (λ = 344-407 nm) using a digital camera...
October 5, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053636/neural-and-molecular-mechanisms-involved-in-controlling-the-quality-of-feeding-behavior-diet-selection-and-feeding-patterns
#11
REVIEW
Tsutomu Sasaki
We are what we eat. There are three aspects of feeding: what, when, and how much. These aspects represent the quantity (how much) and quality (what and when) of feeding. The quantitative aspect of feeding has been studied extensively, because weight is primarily determined by the balance between caloric intake and expenditure. In contrast, less is known about the mechanisms that regulate the qualitative aspects of feeding, although they also significantly impact the control of weight and health. However, two aspects of feeding quality relevant to weight loss and weight regain are discussed in this review: macronutrient-based diet selection (what) and feeding pattern (when)...
October 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053387/facebook-false-self-presentation-behaviors-and-negative-mental-health
#12
Elizabeth J Wright, Katherine M White, Patricia L Obst
As research examining what constitutes Facebook false self-presentation is lacking, the aim of this study was to develop a preliminary inventory of Facebook false self-presentation behaviors, as well as identify predictors and possible outcomes. Participants (N = 211) completed questions regarding frequency of engagement in Facebook false self-presentation behaviors, as well as self-esteem, social influences, motivation strategies, well-being, depression, anxiety, and stress. Results indicated the presence of two distinct false self-presentation behaviors: lying (e...
October 20, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053369/effects-of-message-framing-on-influenza-vaccination-understanding-the-role-of-risk-disclosure-perceived-vaccine-efficacy-and-felt-ambivalence
#13
Sungsu Kim, Ivanka Pjesivac, Yan Jin
The current study examined the effects of framing in promotional health messages on intention to vaccinate against seasonal influenza virus. The findings of an experimental study (N = 86) indicated that exposure to both benefits and side effects of vaccination (gain-framed with risk disclosure message) led to lower intention to receive the flu vaccine. This relationship was mediated by both perceived vaccine efficacy and felt ambivalence in a serial order, revealing the underlying psychological mechanisms important for understanding health-related behaviors...
October 20, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053345/an-ecofriendly-approach-for-bioremediation-of-contaminated-water-environment-potential-contribution-of-a-coastal-seaweed-community-to-environmental-improvement
#14
Fatih Deniz, Elif Tezel Ersanli
High levels of heavy metals like copper ions in many industrial based effluents lead to serious environmental and health problems. Biosorption is a potential environmental biotechnology approach for biotreatment of aquatic sites polluted with heavy metal ions. Seaweeds have received great attention for their high bioremediation potential in recent years. However, the co-application of marine macroalgae for removal of heavy metals from wastewater is very limited. Thus, for the first time in literature, a coastal seaweed community composed of Chaetomorpha sp...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053057/communal-coping-and-adjustment-to-chronic-illness-theory-update-and-evidence
#15
Vicki S Helgeson, Brittany Jakubiak, Meredith Van Vleet, Melissa Zajdel
We present a theory of communal coping that describes an optimal pathway to patient adjustment among couples in which one person faces a chronic illness. Communal coping consists of a shared illness appraisal (i.e., person perceives illness as a joint rather than individual problem) and collaboration with a partner to manage the illness. We present a model of the communal coping process that links patient and partner shared illness appraisals to collaboration and a set of supportive interactions that might be reframed as collaboration in the presence of shared illness appraisals...
October 1, 2017: Personality and Social Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053003/detoxification-of-cancerogenic-compounds-by-lactic-acid-bacteria-strains
#16
Zhao Lili, Wei Junyan, Zhao Hongfei, Zhu Baoqing, Zhang Bolin
Carcinogens in food are an important issue that threat people's health right now. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains as well-known probiotics have shown numerous perspectives in being used as a good food additive to confront cancerogenic compounds in recent years. Some LAB strains can remove cancerogenic compounds from medium environment via direct physical binding and avoid re-pollution of poisonous secondary metabolites which are generated from degradation of cancerogenic compounds. This article presents a whole overview of the physical-binding of LAB strains to such common cancerogenic compounds existed in food and feed environments as mycotoxins, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), heterocyclic amines (HAs) and pthalic acid esters (PAEs)...
October 20, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052841/cognitive-mechanisms-of-inhibitory-control-deficits-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Lauren M Schmitt, Stormi P White, Edwin H Cook, John A Sweeney, Matthew W Mosconi
BACKGROUND: Inhibitory control deficits are common in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and associated with more severe repetitive behaviors. Inhibitory control deficits may reflect slower execution of stopping processes, or a reduced ability to delay the onset of behavioral responses in contexts of uncertainty. Previous studies have documented relatively spared stopping processes in ASD, but whether inhibitory control deficits in ASD reflect failures to delay response onset has not been systematically assessed...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052663/self-management-intervention-for-adult-cancer-survivors-after-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Soo Hyun Kim, Kisook Kim, Deborah K Mayer
PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION: This study aims to evaluate the effects of self-management interventions (SMIs) for cancer survivors who completed primary treatment. 
. LITERATURE SEARCH: Using PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL®, PsycINFO®, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trails (CENTRAL), the authors conducted a systematic search of randomized, controlled trials published in English from database conception through June 2016. 
. DATA EVALUATION: The meta-analysis was conducted with Cochrane Review Manager, version 5...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052655/psychological-distress-health-behaviors-and-benefit-finding-in-survivors-of-multiple-primary-cancers-results-from-the-2010-livestrong-survey
#19
Sarah M Belcher, Carissa A Low, Donna M Posluszny, Rebekkah Schear, Raegan E Kramer, Heidi S Donovan
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether survivorship of multiple primary cancers (MPCs) is associated with psychological distress, positive health behaviors, and benefit finding.
. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the 2010 Livestrong cross-sectional survey.
. SETTING: Online survey.
. SAMPLE: 238 MPC survivors and 3,295 single cancer survivors.
. METHODS: Chi-square and t tests for group comparisons were used...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052652/types-of-work-related-behavior-and-experiences-and-stress-coping-strategies-among-single-mothers-and-mothers-in-relationships-differentiating-role-of-work-satisfaction
#20
Elżbieta Napora, Anna Andruszkiewicz, Małgorzata Anna Basińska
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study has been to describe functioning of single and mothers in relationships (married or in informal relationships) at work and verify if the declared degree of work satisfaction differentiates types of behavior at work and stress coping strategies in both groups of mothers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted on equal samples of single mothers (N = 186) and mothers from 2-parent families (N = 186) using Latack Coping Scale that measures work-related stress coping strategies, the AVEM (Arbeitsbezogenes Verhaltens- und Erlebensmuster - Work-Related Behavior and Experience Pattern) questionnaire, and a survey...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
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