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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241465/an-improved-metal-packaged-strain-sensor-based-on-a-regenerated-fiber-bragg-grating-in-hydrogen-loaded-boron-germanium-co-doped-photosensitive-fiber-for-high-temperature-applications
#1
Yun Tu, Lin Ye, Shao-Ping Zhou, Shan-Tung Tu
Local strain measurements are considered as an effective method for structural health monitoring of high-temperature components, which require accurate, reliable and durable sensors. To develop strain sensors that can be used in higher temperature environments, an improved metal-packaged strain sensor based on a regenerated fiber Bragg grating (RFBG) fabricated in hydrogen (H₂)-loaded boron-germanium (B-Ge) co-doped photosensitive fiber is developed using the process of combining magnetron sputtering and electroplating, addressing the limitation of mechanical strength degradation of silica optical fibers after annealing at a high temperature for regeneration...
February 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241432/mediterranean-diet-and-its-correlates-among-adolescents-in-non-mediterranean-european-countries-a-population-based-study
#2
Dario Novak, Lovro Štefan, Rebeka Prosoli, Arunas Emeljanovas, Brigita Mieziene, Ivana Milanović, Snežana Radisavljević-Janić
Little is known about the factors which might influence the adherence to a Mediterranean diet in non-Mediterranean European countries. Thus, the main purpose of this study was to determine the associations between socioeconomic, psychological, and physical factors on a Mediterranean diet. In this cross-sectional study, participants were 14-18-year-old adolescents (N = 3071) from two non-Mediterranean countries: Lithuania (N = 1863) and Serbia (N = 1208). The dependent variable was Mediterranean diet, and was assessed with the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index for children and adolescents questionnaire...
February 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241357/effect-of-collaborative-care-vs-usual-care-on-depressive-symptoms-in-older-adults-with-subthreshold-depression-the-casper-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Simon Gilbody, Helen Lewis, Joy Adamson, Katie Atherton, Della Bailey, Jacqueline Birtwistle, Katharine Bosanquet, Emily Clare, Jaime Delgadillo, David Ekers, Deborah Foster, Rhian Gabe, Samantha Gascoyne, Lesley Haley, Jahnese Hamilton, Rebecca Hargate, Catherine Hewitt, John Holmes, Ada Keding, Amanda Lilley-Kelly, Shaista Meer, Natasha Mitchell, Karen Overend, Madeline Pasterfield, Jodi Pervin, David A Richards, Karen Spilsbury, Gemma Traviss-Turner, Dominic Trépel, Rebecca Woodhouse, Friederike Ziegler, Dean McMillan
Importance: There is little evidence to guide management of depressive symptoms in older people. Objective: To evaluate whether a collaborative care intervention can reduce depressive symptoms and prevent more severe depression in older people. Design, Setting, and Participants: Randomized clinical trial conducted from May 24, 2011, to November 14, 2014, in 32 primary care centers in the United Kingdom among 705 participants aged 65 years or older with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition) subthreshold depression; participants were followed up for 12 months...
February 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241285/difference-in-differences-analysis-of-the-association-between-state-same-sex-marriage-policies-and-adolescent-suicide-attempts
#4
Julia Raifman, Ellen Moscoe, S Bryn Austin, Margaret McConnell
Importance: Suicide is the second leading cause of death among adolescents between the ages of 15 and 24 years. Adolescents who are sexual minorities experience elevated rates of suicide attempts. Objective: To evaluate the association between state same-sex marriage policies and adolescent suicide attempts. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study used state-level Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) data from January 1, 1999, to December 31, 2015, which are weighted to be representative of each state that has participation in the survey greater than 60%...
February 20, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241179/efficacy-of-self-guided-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-depressive-symptoms-a-meta-analysis-of-individual-participant-data
#5
Eirini Karyotaki, Heleen Riper, Jos Twisk, Adriaan Hoogendoorn, Annet Kleiboer, Adriana Mira, Andrew Mackinnon, Björn Meyer, Cristina Botella, Elizabeth Littlewood, Gerhard Andersson, Helen Christensen, Jan P Klein, Johanna Schröder, Juana Bretón-López, Justine Scheider, Kathy Griffiths, Louise Farrer, Marcus J H Huibers, Rachel Phillips, Simon Gilbody, Steffen Moritz, Thomas Berger, Victor Pop, Viola Spek, Pim Cuijpers
Importance: Self-guided internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) has the potential to increase access and availability of evidence-based therapy and reduce the cost of depression treatment. Objectives: To estimate the effect of self-guided iCBT in treating adults with depressive symptoms compared with controls and evaluate the moderating effects of treatment outcome and response. Data Sources: A total of 13 384 abstracts were retrieved through a systematic literature search in PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library from database inception to January 1, 2016...
February 22, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240972/multi-institutional-assessment-of-adverse-health-outcomes-among-north-american-testicular-cancer-survivors-after-modern-cisplatin-based-chemotherapy
#6
Chunkit Fung, Howard D Sesso, Annalynn M Williams, Sarah L Kerns, Patrick Monahan, Mohammad Abu Zaid, Darren R Feldman, Robert J Hamilton, David J Vaughn, Clair J Beard, Christian K Kollmannsberger, Ryan Cook, Sandra Althouse, Shirin Ardeshir-Rouhani-Fard, Steve E Lipshultz, Lawrence H Einhorn, Sophie D Fossa, Lois B Travis
Purpose To provide new information on adverse health outcomes (AHOs) in testicular cancer survivors (TCSs) after four cycles of etoposide and cisplatin (EPX4) or three or four cycles of bleomycin, etoposide, cisplatin (BEPX3/BEPX4). Methods Nine hundred fifty-two TCSs > 1 year postchemotherapy underwent physical examination and completed a questionnaire. Multinomial logistic regression estimated AHOs odds ratios (ORs) in relation to age, cumulative cisplatin and/or bleomycin dose, time since chemotherapy, sociodemographic factors, and health behaviors...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240966/efficacy-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-improving-sexual-functioning-of-breast-cancer-survivors-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Susanna B Hummel, Jacques J D M van Lankveld, Hester S A Oldenburg, Daniela E E Hahn, Jacobien M Kieffer, Miranda A Gerritsma, Marianne A Kuenen, Nina Bijker, Paul J Borgstein, Gijsbert Heuff, Alexander M F Lopes Cardozo, Peter W Plaisier, Herman Rijna, Suzan van der Meij, Eric J van Dulken, Bart C Vrouenraets, Eva Broomans, Neil K Aaronson
Purpose We evaluated the effect of Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on sexual functioning and relationship intimacy (primary outcomes) and body image, menopausal symptoms, marital functioning, psychological distress, and health-related quality of life (secondary outcomes) in breast cancer survivors (BCSs) with a DSM-IV diagnosis of a sexual dysfunction. Patients and Methods We randomly assigned 169 BCSs to either Internet-based CBT or a waiting-list control group. The CBT consisted of weekly therapist-guided sessions, with a maximum duration of 24 weeks...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240698/simple-strategies-for-surviving-the-night-shift
#8
Laura Crooks
Without a doubt, working nights is stressful and can wreak havoc on your physical, mental, and emotional health. It is like fitting a square peg into a round hole; you are living on a schedule opposite from most of the world. Your internal rhythms are disrupted socially and biologically when you work nights. But it does not have to be as disruptive as we let it be. There are lifestyle strategies to better manage working nights; some are mental approaches and some are physical or behavioral tactics.
April 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240271/coherent-activity-between-brain-regions-that-code-for-value-is-linked-to-the-malleability-of-human-behavior
#9
Nicole Cooper, Danielle S Bassett, Emily B Falk
Brain activity in medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) during exposure to persuasive messages can predict health behavior change. This brain-behavior relationship has been linked to areas of MPFC previously associated with self-related processing; however, the mechanism underlying this relationship is unclear. We explore two components of self-related processing - self-reflection and subjective valuation - and examine coherent activity between relevant networks of brain regions during exposure to health messages encouraging exercise and discouraging sedentary behaviors...
February 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240162/effects-of-dietary-non-fiber-carbohydrates-on-composition-and-function-of-gut-microbiome-in-monogastrics-a-review
#10
Hailong Jiang, Dongsheng Che, Guixin Qin, Xiangjie Kong, Mohammed Hamdy Farouk
Non-fiber carbohydrates (NFC) have a crucial function on the gut health of monogastrics. This paper aims to review the relevant published materials on the influence of NFC's on the gut's microbial population and composition in monogastrics, and points out the areas of the required research. Total bacteria count and Lactobacillus sp. were decreased with an increase in composition of dietary NFC intake, as well as accompanied by a decrease in the short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) levels. Consequently, some metabolites were affected by the accumulation of the bile acids, including molecules which control different gene expression levels, as regulators involved in glucose (FXR and TGR5) and fat metabolism (cholesterol)...
February 23, 2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239538/family-child-care-home-providers-as-role-models-for-children-cause-for-concern
#11
Alison Tovar, Amber E Vaughn, Anna Grummon, Regan Burney, Temitope Erinosho, Truls Østbye, Dianne S Ward
Health behaviors associated with chronic disease, particularly healthy eating and regular physical activity, are important role modeling opportunities for individuals working in child care programs. Prior studies have not explored these risk factors in family child care home (FCCH) providers which care for vulnerable and at-risk populations. To address this gap, we describe the socio-demographic and health risk behavior profiles in a sample of providers (n = 166 FCCH) taken from baseline data of an ongoing cluster-randomized controlled intervention (2011-2016) in North Carolina...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239531/brain-structure-working-memory-and-response-inhibition-in-childhood-leukemia-survivors
#12
Ellen van der Plas, Russell J Schachar, Johann Hitzler, Jennifer Crosbie, Sharon L Guger, Brenda J Spiegler, Shinya Ito, Brian J Nieman
INTRODUCTION: Survival rates for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) approach 95%. At the same time, there is growing concern that chemotherapy causes alterations in brain development and cognitive abilities. We performed MRI measurements of white and gray matter volume to explore how variation in brain structure may be related to cognitive abilities in ALL survivors and healthy controls. METHODS: The sample included 24 male ALL survivors who had completed contemporary treatment 3-11 years prior, and 21 age- and sex-matched controls...
February 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239512/exploring-the-continuum-of-vaccine-hesitancy-between-african-american-and-white-adults-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#13
Sandra Quinn, Amelia Jamison, Donald Musa, Karen Hilyard, Vicki Freimuth
Vaccine delay and refusal present very real threats to public health. Since even a slight reduction in vaccination rates could produce major consequences as herd immunity is eroded, it is imperative to understand the factors that contribute to decision-making about vaccines. Recent scholarship on the concept of "vaccine hesitancy" emphasizes that vaccine behaviors and beliefs tend to fall along a continuum from refusal to acceptance. Most research on hesitancy has focused on parental decision-making about childhood vaccines, but could be extended to explore decision-making related to adult immunization against seasonal influenza...
December 29, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239308/complementary-tools-to-empower-and-sustain-behavior-change-motivational-interviewing-and-mindfulness
#14
Stephanie Jean Sohl, Gurjeet Birdee, Roy Elam
Improving health behaviors is fundamental to preventing and controlling chronic disease. Healthcare providers who have a patient-centered communication style and appropriate behavioral change tools can empower patients to engage in and sustain healthy behaviors. This review highlights motivational interviewing and mindfulness along with other evidence-based strategies for enhancing patient-centered communication and the behavior change process. Motivational interviewing and mindfulness are especially useful for empowering patients to set self-determined, or autonomous, goals for behavior change...
November 2016: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239015/financial-strain-is-associated-with-medication-nonadherence-and-worse-self-rated-health-among-cardiovascular-patients
#15
Chandra Y Osborn, Sunil Kripalani, Kathryn M Goggins, Kenneth A Wallston
Non-traditional indicators of socioeconomic status (SES; e.g., home ownership) may be just as or even more predictive of health outcomes as traditional indicators of SES (e.g., income). This study tested whether financial strain (i.e., difficulty paying monthly bills) predicted medication non-adherence and worse self-rated health. Research assistants administered surveys to 1,527 patients with acute coronary syndromes or acute decom-pensated heart failure. In adjusted models, having a higher income was associated with being more adherent (p < ...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239013/recruitment-and-baseline-characteristics-of-participants-in-the-lifestyle-improvement-through-food-and-exercise-life-study
#16
Elizabeth Lynch, Laurin J Mack, Kelly Karavolos, Elizabeth Avery, Rebecca Liebman, Kathryn S Keim, Crystal M Glover, Leon Fogelfeld
African Americans experience poorer diabetes outcomes than non-Hispanic Whites. Few clinical trials of diabetes self-management interventions specifically target African Americans, perhaps due to well-documented barriers to recruitment in this population. This paper describes strategies used to successfully recruit 211 low-income African Americans from community clinics of a large, urban public hospital system to a randomized clinical trial of an 18-month diabetes self-management intervention. Diabetes-related physiological, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics of the sample are reported...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239011/the-changing-face-of-treatment-mental-health-concerns-and-integrated-care-in-an-hiv-clinic
#17
Eliot J Lopez, Thomas Toomey, Kimberly Lewis, Shirin Khazvand, Rebecca M Floyd, Kena R Arnold, Lara M Stepleman
Though advances in medical treatment have increased lifespans for those living with HIV, quality of life concerns often remain under-treated by health care providers. The integration of mental health services within the HIV medical setting can provide comprehensive care for patients, including brief screening, intervention, and appropriate follow-up. In this study, investigators examined mental health concerns identified during behavioral health screens at appointments in an Infectious Disease Clinic and compared them with previously published data from the same setting to assess changes in patient-reported problems...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238993/perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-health-care-utilization-in-the-united-states-for-transgender-people-a-review-of-recent-literature
#18
Justin E Lerner, Gabriel Robles
Transgender people face numerous barriers when utilizing health care in the United States. The current study sought to highlight transgender consumer perspectives in order to present theoretically informed, concrete recommendations for increasing transgender health care utilization. The search yielded several prominent themes associated with barriers to health care for transgender people: 1) provider lack of knowledge concerning transgender identity issues and transgender health issues, 2) transgender patients' previous negative experiences with the health care system or anticipation of these experiences, 3) transgender patients' inability to pay for health care services, and 4) health care provider refusal to provide health care services to transgender people...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238991/where-the-u-s-tobacco-epidemic-still-rages-most-remaining-smokers-have-lower-socioeconomic-status
#19
Arnold H Levinson
OBJECTIVE: We estimated the proportion of U.S. smokers who have low socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: We used 2012 data from a national supplement to The Attitudes and Behaviors Survey on Health (TABS), a periodic population survey of Colorado adults. We estimated smoking prevalence and total smokers by education, poverty level, occupation, health insurance status, and combinations of these factors. RESULTS: Smoking prevalence across low-SES categories ranged from 24...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238892/attitudes-toward-health-and-taste-of-food-among-women-with-bulimia-nervosa-and-women-of-a-non-clinical-sample
#20
Priscila Koritar, Sonia Tucunduva Philippi, Marle Dos Santos Alvarenga
Taste preferences and health concerns play important roles in determining eating attitudes, thus influencing food choices. Disordered eating attitudes are common among women, and can lead to the development and maintenance of eating disorders (ED). Attitudes toward health and taste of food among ED patients and its comparison with non-clinical women are not well known, and this knowledge could improve eating interventions. In this study, we compared taste preferences and health concerns in 27 women with diagnosis of bulimia nervosa (BN) and 216 women of a non-clinical sample...
February 23, 2017: Appetite
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