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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677605/examination-of-the-indirect-effects-of-combat-exposure-on-suicidal-behavior-in-veterans
#1
Kirsten H Dillon, Katherine C Cunningham, Julia M Neal, Sarah M Wilson, Eric A Dedert, Eric B Elbogen, Patrick S Calhoun, Jean C Beckham, Nathan A Kimbrel
BACKGROUND: Researchers have theorized that increased rates of suicide in the military are associated with combat exposure; however, this hypothesis has received inconsistent support in the literature, potentially because combat exposure may be indirectly related to suicide risk through its influence on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive symptoms. The current study tested the hypothesis that combat exposure has a significant indirect effect on suicidal behavior among Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans through its effects on PTSD-depressive symptomatology...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677414/a-multistep-approach-to-address-clinican-knowledge-attitudes-and-behavior-around-opioid-prescribing
#2
Sara Kohlbeck, Brenna Akert, Caroline Pace, Amy Zosel
INTRODUCTION: The Wisconsin Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) was implemented in 2013 to reduce the misuse, abuse, and diversion of controlled substance prescriptions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate provider knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding the Wisconsin PDMP before and after study interventions. METHODS: An initial survey of clinicians, a focus group, pre- and posttests for an educational session, and a 3-month follow-up survey were utilized...
March 2018: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676967/municipal-solid-waste-generation-and-disposal-in-robe-town-ethiopia
#3
Duguma Erasu, Tesfaye Faye, Amaha Kiros, Abel Balew
The amount of solid waste generated in developing countries is rising from time to time due to economic growth, change in consumer behavior and lifestyles of people. But it is hard to manage and handle the increase of solid waste with existing waste management infrastructure. Thus, the management system of solid waste is very poor and become a serious problem. The main purpose of this study is to quantify the volume of solid waste generated and investigate factors affecting generation and disposal of wastes in the study area...
April 20, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676960/psychotherapy-targeting-depression-and-anxiety-for-use-in-palliative-care-a-meta-analysis
#4
Jessica J Fulton, Amie R Newins, Laura S Porter, Katherine Ramos
BACKGROUND: Research on the effectiveness of evidence-based practices in the treatment of depression and anxiety with palliative care populations is primarily limited to individuals having specific conditions such as cancer. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis examined the effect of psychotherapy on depression and anxiety among individuals with any condition appropriate for palliative care. METHODS: We searched PubMed, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE databases until August 2017...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676658/neighborhood-disadvantage-and-physical-function-the-contributions-of-neighborhood-level-perceptions-of-safety-from-crime-and-walking-for-recreation
#5
Venurs H Y Loh, Jerome N Rachele, Wendy J Brown, Fatima Ghani, Gavin Turrell
BACKGROUND: Residents of more socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods are more likely to report poorer physical function, although the reasons for this remain unknown. It is possible that neighborhood-level perceptions of safety from crime contribute to this relationship through its association with walking for recreation. METHODS: Data were obtained from the fourth wave (collected in 2013) of the HABITAT (How Areas in Brisbane Influence HealTh and AcTivity) multilevel longitudinal study of middle- to older-aged adults (46-74 y) residing in 200 neighborhoods in Brisbane, Australia...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676600/searching-online-for-information-about-vaccination-assessing-the-influence-of-user-specific-cognitive-factors-using-eye-tracking
#6
Sabrina Heike Kessler, Arne Freya Zillich
In Germany, the Internet is gaining increasing importance for laypeople as a source of health information, including information about vaccination. While previous research has focused on the characteristics of online information about vaccination, this study investigated the influence of relevant user-specific cognitive factors on users' search behavior for online information about vaccination. Additionally, it examined how searching online for information about vaccination influences users' attitudes toward vaccination...
April 20, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676493/the-physical-environment-and-patients-activities-and-care-a-comparative-case-study-at-three-newly-built-stroke-units
#7
Anna Anåker, Lena Von Koch, Christina Sjöstrand, Ann Heylighen, Marie Elf
AIM: To explore and compare the impact of the physical environment on patients' activities and care at three newly built stroke units. BACKGROUND: Receiving care in a stroke unit instead of in a general ward reduces the odds of death, dependency and institutionalized care. In stroke units, the design of the physical environment should support evidence-based care. Studies on patients' activities in relation to the design of the physical environment of stroke units are scarce...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676216/developing-a-compassionate-culture-within-pediatric-rehabilitation-does-the-schwartz-rounds%C3%A2-support-both-clinical-and-nonclinical-hospital-workers-in-managing-their-work-experiences
#8
Keith Adamson, Sonia Sengsavang, Sakeena Myers-Halbig, Nancy Searl
Schwartz Rounds™ offers an interprofessional forum for staff to openly engage in discussions about social-emotional aspects of care. We aimed to assess the perceived impact of Rounds in the health care context of pediatric rehabilitation, as well as a comparative analysis of how Rounds affected clinical versus nonclinical staff. Does effect on perceived outcomes was also investigated. Data were collected from 29 hospital staff (15 clinicians, 14 nonclinicians) who attended one, two, or three+ Rounds via semistructured interviews...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674979/emotional-responses-to-suicidal-patients-factor-structure-construct-and-predictive-validity-of-the-therapist-response-questionnaire-suicide-form
#9
Shira Barzilay, Zimri S Yaseen, Mariah Hawes, Bernard Gorman, Rachel Altman, Adriana Foster, Alan Apter, Paul Rosenfield, Igor Galynker
Background: Mental health professionals have a pivotal role in suicide prevention. However, they also often have intense emotional responses, or countertransference, during encounters with suicidal patients. Previous studies of the Therapist Response Questionnaire-Suicide Form (TRQ-SF), a brief novel measure aimed at probing a distinct set of suicide-related emotional responses to patients found it to be predictive of near-term suicidal behavior among high suicide-risk inpatients. The purpose of this study was to validate the TRQ-SF in a general outpatient clinic setting...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674785/effects-of-prolonged-immunocontraception-on-the-breeding-behavior-of-american-bison
#10
Calvin L Duncan, Julie L King, Paul Stapp
In late 2009, the Catalina Island Conservancy began using fertility control to replace periodic removals to manage an introduced population of American bison ( Bison bison ) on the island. Through the application of the immunocontraceptive vaccine porcine zona pellucida (PZP), population growth was slowed within 1 year, and halted over time. In response to lingering questions about the use of PZP to manage large, free-ranging wildlife populations, we sought to determine the reversibility of PZP by ceasing the annual application to a subset of 15 bison cows and monitoring for subsequent calf arrival, and to document changes in the timing and length of the breeding season in response to PZP by monitoring breeding behavior and assessing fecal progesterone (FP) levels for all 60 resident cows over a 13-month period...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Mammalogy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674310/the-interactive-child-distress-screener-development-and-preliminary-feasibility-testing
#11
Sonja March, Jamin Day, Kirsty Zieschank, Michael Ireland
BACKGROUND: Early identification of child emotional and behavioral concerns is essential for the prevention of mental health problems; however, few suitable child-reported screening measures are available. Digital tools offer an exciting opportunity for obtaining clinical information from the child's perspective. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the initial development and pilot testing of the Interactive Child Distress Screener (ICDS). The ICDS is a Web-based screening instrument for the early identification of emotional and behavioral problems in children aged between 5 and 12 years...
April 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674305/self-harm-suicidal-behaviours-and-cyberbullying-in-children-and-young-people-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Ann John, Alexander Charles Glendenning, Amanda Marchant, Paul Montgomery, Anne Stewart, Sophie Wood, Keith Lloyd, Keith Hawton
BACKGROUND: Given the concerns about bullying via electronic communication in children and young people and its possible contribution to self-harm, we have reviewed the evidence for associations between cyberbullying involvement and self-harm or suicidal behaviors (such as suicidal ideation, suicide plans, and suicide attempts) in children and young people. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review the current evidence examining the association between cyberbullying involvement as victim or perpetrator and self-harm and suicidal behaviors in children and young people (younger than 25 years), and where possible, to meta-analyze data on the associations...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673977/epizootics-of-pseudomonas-anguilliseptica-among-cultured-seabream-sparus-aurata-populations-control-and-treatment-strategies
#13
Amr Fadel, Mahmoud Mabrok, Salah Aly
The present study was investigating the clinical pictures, prevalence, as well as the ecological conditions associated with Pseudomonas anguilliseptica outbreaks in four cultured seabream (Sparus aurata) farms at different localities in Egypt during the winter season of 2016. The phenotypic and genotypic patterns of pseudomonas isolates were investigated. The existence of intraspecific heterogeneity among different isolates was analyzed using Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) technique. Attempts on disease control using antibiogram or dietary supplement were also considered...
April 16, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673885/optimizing-the-impact-of-alcohol-and-drug-screening-and-early-intervention-in-a-high-risk-population-receiving-services-in-new-york-city-sexual-health-clinics-a-process-and-outcome-evaluation-of-project-renew
#14
B R Harris, J Yu, M Wolff, M Rogers, S Blank
Unhealthy substance use is associated with increased rates of STDs, including HIV. Within three high-risk New York City (NYC) sexual health clinics between 2008 and 2012 (n = 146,657), 17% of patients screened positive for a current SUD but only 5.3% ever received prior treatment. The goal of Project Renew was to expand the reach of substance use early intervention services within and across sexual health clinics citywide and decrease substance use, poor mental health, and risky sexual behavior. To accomplish this goal, Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT), an evidence-based substance use early intervention model, was implemented in all eight NYC sexual health clinics February 2012-January 2015...
April 16, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673613/health-behaviors-among-stroke-survivors-in-the-united-states-a-propensity-score-matched-study
#15
Haytham Wali, Sawsan Kurdi, Jawad Bilal, Irbaz Bin Riaz, Sandipan Bhattacharjee
GOAL: The American Heart Association/American Stroke Association has specific recommendations for secondary stroke prevention. The aim of this study was to compare health behaviors engagement between stroke survivors and propensity score-matched controls. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional, matched case-control study using data from the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey. We included older adults aged 50 or older who participated in the 2015 BRFSS survey and completed the interview...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673404/contraception-determinants-in-youths-of-sierra-leone-are-largely-behavioral
#16
Aline Labat, Marta Medina, Mohammed Elhassein, Afrina Karim, Mohammad B Jalloh, Michèle Dramaix, Wei-Hong Zhang, Sophie Alexander, Kim E Dickson
BACKGROUND: Sexual initiation occurs early in Sierra Leone. This study aims to analyze the determinants of condom and/or contraceptive use among a representative sample of young persons (10 to 24 years) in Sierra Leone. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from a study conducted to monitor the implementation of a UNFPA package of interventions directed to improve SRH in young people of Sierra Leone. This assessment was conducted in 2016 at the end of the Ebola outbreak...
April 19, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673381/mobile-link-a-theory-based-messaging-intervention-for-improving-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-female-entertainment-workers-in-cambodia-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Carinne Brody, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Dallas Swendenman, Kathryn C Kaplan, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: In Cambodia, HIV prevalence is concentrated in key populations including among female entertainment workers (FEWs) who may engage in direct or indirect sex work. Reaching FEWs with sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services has been difficult because of their hidden and stigmatized nature. Mobile-phone-based interventions may be an effective way to reach this population and connect them with the existing services. This article describes study design and implementation of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a mobile health intervention (the Mobile Link) aiming to improve SRH and related outcomes among FEWs in Cambodia...
April 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673333/protocol-for-the-chord-project-community-health-outreach-to-reduce-diabetes-a-cluster-randomized-community-health-worker-trial-to-prevent-diabetes
#18
Nadia Islam, Thomas Gepts, Isaac Lief, Radhika Gore, Natalie Levy, Michael Tanner, Yixin Fang, Scott E Sherman, Mark D Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) affects 9.4% of US adults and children, while another 33.9% of Americans are at risk of DM. Health care institutions face many barriers to systematically delivering the preventive care needed to decrease DM incidence. Community health workers (CHWs) may, as frontline public health workers bridging clinic and community, help overcome these challenges. This paper presents the protocol for a pragmatic, cluster-randomized trial integrating CHWs into two primary care clinics to support DM prevention for at-risk patients...
April 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673268/integration-of-pediatric-behavioral-health-services-in-primary-care-improving-access-and-outcomes-with-collaborative-care
#19
John V Campo, Rose Geist, David J Kolko
OBJECTIVE: To examine collaborative care interventions to integrate pediatric mental health services into primary care as a means of addressing barriers to mental health service delivery, improving access to care, and improving health outcomes. METHOD: Selective review of published literature addressing structural and attitudinal barriers to behavioural health service delivery and the integration of behavioural health services for pediatric mental problems and disorders into primary care settings, with a special focus on Canadian and U...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673234/active-and-assisted-living-ecosystem-for-the-elderly
#20
Isabel Marcelino, Rosalía Laza, Patrício Domingues, Silvana Gómez-Meire, Florentino Fdez-Riverola, António Pereira
A novel ecosystem to promote the physical, emotional and psychic health and well-being of the elderly is presented. Our proposal was designed to add several services developed to meet the needs of the senior population, namely services to improve social inclusion and increase contribution to society. Moreover, the solution monitors the vital signs of elderly individuals, as well as environmental parameters and behavior patterns, in order to seek eminent danger situations and predict potential hazardous issues, acting in accordance with the various alert levels specified for each individual...
April 17, 2018: Sensors
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