keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health Behavior

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449410/the-impact-of-the-affordable-care-act-on-self-employment
#1
Bradley T Heim, Lang Kate Yang
This paper estimates the impact of the implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2014 on the decision to be self-employed. Using data from the Current Population Survey, we employ two identification strategies. Utilizing prereform variation in state nongroup health insurance market regulations, we find that the ACA did not increase self-employment overall in states that lacked similar provisions in their nongroup markets prior to 2014. In specifications that utilize variation across individuals in characteristics that could make it harder for them to purchase insurance if they left their current employer, we also do not find that the ACA differentially increased self-employment...
April 27, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449389/mindfulness-training-for-parents-of-children-with-special-needs-guidance-for-nurses-in-mental-health-practice
#2
Manika Petcharat, Patricia Liehr
PROBLEM: Parents of children with special needs encounter specific challenges in carrying out their caregiving roles. They experience difficulty accepting their children due to unrealistically high expectations. Mindfulness training (MT) may increase parental psychological well-being and acceptance. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to examine the evidence-base for the effectiveness of MT in enhancing psychological well-being for parents of children with special needs as a foundation for guidance for nurses in mental health practice...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449303/brief-intervention-physical-exercise-and-cognitive-behavioural-group-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-the-cins-trial
#3
A Harris, T F Moe, H R Eriksen, T Tangen, S A Lie, T H Tveito, S E Reme
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioural treatments (CBT) and physical group exercise (PE) have both shown promising effects in reducing disability and increasing work participation among chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients. A brief cognitive intervention (BI) has previously been demonstrated to reduce work disability in CLBP. The aim of this study was to test if the effect of BI could be further increased by adding either group CBT or group PE. METHODS: A total of 214 patients, all sick listed 2-10 months due to CLBP, were randomized to BI (n = 99), BI + group CBT (n = 55) or BI + group PE (n = 60)...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449292/oral-health-beliefs-knowledge-and-behaviors-in-northern-california-american-indian-and-alaska-native-mothers-regarding-early-childhood-caries
#4
Brenda Heaton, Andrew Crawford, Raul I Garcia, Michelle Henshaw, Christine A Riedy, Judith C Barker, Maureen A Wimsatt
OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral health beliefs, knowledge, and behaviors related to early childhood caries (ECC) risk in a convenience sample of American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) mothers residing in rural Northern California communities. METHODS: Fifty-three mothers of young children were recruited from three tribal communities in Northern California with the assistance of the California Rural Indian Health Board, Inc. and its California Tribal Epidemiology Center and Dental Support Center...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448935/analysis-of-the-synoptic-winter-mortality-climatology-in-five-regions-of-england-searching-for-evidence-of-weather-signals
#5
A K Paschalidou, P A Kassomenos, G R McGregor
Although heat-related mortality has received considerable research attention, the impact of cold weather on public health is less well-developed, probably due to the fact that physiological responses to cold weather can vary substantially among individuals, age groups, diseases etc., depending on a number of behavioral and physiological factors. In the current work we use the classification techniques provided by the COST-733 software to link synoptic circulation patterns with excess cold-related mortality in 5 regions of England...
April 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448815/spanking-and-subsequent-behavioral-problems-in-toddlers-a-propensity-score-matched-prospective-study-in-japan
#6
Sakurako Okuzono, Takeo Fujiwara, Tsuguhiko Kato, Ichiro Kawachi
Harsh or frequent spanking in early childhood is an established risk factor for later childhood behavioral problems as well as mental disorder in adulthood in Western societies. However, few studies have been conducted in Asian populations, where corporal punishment is relatively accepted. Moreover, the impacts of occasional spanking on subsequent behavioral problems remain uncertain. This study sought to investigate prospectively the association between the frequency of spanking of toddlers and later behavioral problems in Japanese children using national birth cohort data...
April 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448813/adverse-childhood-experiences-mental-health-and-excessive-alcohol-use-examination-of-race-ethnicity-and-sex-differences
#7
Rosalyn D Lee, Jieru Chen
Responses from N=60,598 interviews from the 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (the 10 states and the District of Columbia that included the optional Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) module) were used to test whether associations between childhood adversity and adult mental health and alcohol behaviors vary by race/ethnicity and sex. ACE items were categorized into two types - household challenges and child abuse. Outcomes were current depression, diagnosed depression, heavy drinking and binge drinking...
April 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448775/exploring-electronic-medical-record-and-self-administered-medication-risk-screening-tools-in-a-primary-care-clinic
#8
Mark J Makowsky, Ken Cor, Tat Wong
BACKGROUND: Electronic medical record (EMR) screening for indicators of medication risk could improve efficiency in identifying primary care clinic patients in need of clinical pharmacist care compared with patient self-reporting. OBJECTIVES: To (a) compare the performance of an EMR medication risk assessment questionnaire (MRAQ) with a self-administered (SA) MRAQ and (b) explore each tool's ability to predict indicators of health behavior, health status, and health care utilization...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448531/application-of-the-transtheoretical-model-to-sedentary-behaviors-and-its-association-with-physical-activity-status
#9
Ho Han, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Harold Willis Kohl
BACKGROUND: The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) is a successful framework for guiding behavior change programs for several health behaviors, yet its application to reduce of sedentary behavior has been neglected. In addition, no data exist regarding the association between determinants of sedentary behaviors based on the TTM and physical activity behavior. The purpose of this study was to investigate college students' stages of motivational readiness to avoid sedentary behaviors and relevant psychological determinants using newly developed TTM questionnaires and to identify the association between current physical activity and sedentary behaviors based on TTM constructs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448373/effects-of-parental-stress-optimism-and-health-promoting-behaviors-on-the-quality-of-life-of-primiparous-and-multiparous-mothers
#10
Jennifer Loh, Craig Harms, Bronwyn Harman
BACKGROUND: Parental stress, optimism, and health-promoting behaviors (HPBs) are important predictors of the quality of life (QoL) of mothers. However, it is unclear how strongly these predictors affect the QoL of mothers. It is also unclear if the impact of these predictors on QoL differs between primiparous and multiparous mothers. In this study, we defined primiparous as "bearing young for the first time" and multiparous as "having experienced one or more previous childbirths." OBJECTIVES: The first objective of this study was to examine the relative effect of parental stress, optimism, and HPBs on the QoL of mothers...
May 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448366/project-tendr
#11
Laura Anderko
: Chemicals are ubiquitous in the food we eat, the water we drink, the air we breathe, and the products we use at work and in our personal lives. Toxic chemicals increase the risk of cognitive, behavioral, and neurodevelopmental disorders throughout the life span. The Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976 was intended to allow for the collection of data on and regulation of these chemicals but has been criticized for its significant limitations in protecting the public's health. In recognition of the scientific evidence demonstrating the connection between toxic environmental chemicals and neurodevelopmental disorders, Project TENDR (Targeting Environmental Neuro-Developmental Risks)-a collaborative initiative of scientists, health professionals, and children's health advocates-produced a call to action last July with the aim of reducing exposure to chemicals and pollutants that contribute to the development of these disorders...
May 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448329/effect-of-educational-program-on-self-care-behaviors-and-health-outcome-among-patients-with-heart-failure-an-experimental-study
#12
Manal M Al-Sutari, Muayyad M Ahmad
OBJECTIVES: To implement an educational program for patients with heart failure and to assess its effectiveness on self-care behaviors and health outcomes (frequency of hospitalizations, emergency department visits, and deaths). METHODS: A comparative-experimental design was used. A total of 144 participants were randomized into the intervention group (who received individualized education session, self-care manual, and weekly phone calls) and the control group (who received usual care)...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448244/perceptions-of-disordered-eating-and-associated-help-seeking-in-young-women
#13
Annamaria J McAndrew, Rosanne Menna
Disordered eating is common among young women, but rates of help-seeking are remarkably low. Studies attempting to understand how disordered eating is perceived by young women have exposed participants to fictional vignettes that describe characters exhibiting eating pathologies, and assessed beliefs about the women's issues. These studies have informed our understanding of how young women perceive disordered eating in other women, but do not address the question of how disordered eating is perceived in oneself...
April 27, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448175/gaming-your-way-to-health-a-systematic-review-of-exergaming-programs-to-increase-health-and-exercise-behaviors-in-adults
#14
Tamara D Street, Sarah J Lacey, Rebecca R Langdon
OBJECTIVE: Adults who are not engaged by traditional exercise methods require a strategy to achieve and maintain sufficient physical activity for health benefits. Exergames, or active videogames, may motivate some adults to engage in physical activity. This review explored the use of exergaming to promote physical activity behaviors and health in adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature review of the use of exergaming was conducted. The review included experimental studies with a nonclinical adult population, which measured changes in physical activity behaviors and changes in anthropometric healthy weight indicators...
April 27, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448174/a-school-based-peer-led-social-marketing-intervention-to-engage-spanish-adolescents-in-a-healthy-lifestyle-we-are-cool-som-la-pera-study-a-parallel-cluster-randomized-controlled-study
#15
Magaly Aceves-Martins, Elisabet Llauradó, Lucia Tarro, David Moriña, Ignasi Papell-Garcia, Jordi Prades-Tena, Helle Kettner-Høeberg, Francesc Puiggròs, Lluís Arola, Amy Davies, Montse Giralt, Rosa Solà
BACKGROUND: Encouraging adolescents to adopt healthy lifestyles can be challenging. The aim of the "Som la Pera" study was to engage adolescents by applying new strategies to increase both their fruit and vegetable consumption and their physical activity (PA) while reducing their sedentary behavior. METHODS: In disadvantaged neighborhoods of Reus (Spain), two high schools were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 170 adolescents 13- to 16-year-olds) and two were assigned to the control group (n = 223 adolescents 13- to 16-year-olds)...
April 27, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448081/association-between-satisfaction-with-state-of-health-and-meals-physical-condition-and-food-diversity-health-behavior-and-perceptions-of-shopping-difficulty-among-older-people-living-alone-in-japan
#16
M Ishikawa, T Yokoyama, Y Takemi, Y Fukuda, T Nakaya, K Kusama, N Yoshiike, M Nozue, K Yoshiba, N Murayama
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine perceptions of shopping difficulty, and the relationships with satisfaction with state of health and meals, physical condition, food diversity and health behavior in older people living alone in Japan. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, multilevel survey was designed. The questionnaire was distributed by mail and self-completed by participants. SETTING: The sample was drawn from seven towns and cities across Japan...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447545/effects-of-a-family-based-diabetes-intervention-on-behavioral-and-biological-outcomes-for-mexican-american-adults
#17
Marylyn Morris McEwen, Alice Pasvogel, Carolyn Murdaugh, Joseph Hepworth
Purpose The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of a family-based self-management support intervention for adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Methods Using a 2-group, experimental repeated measures design, 157 dyads (participant with T2DM and family member) were randomly assigned to an intervention (education, social support, home visits, and telephone calls) or a wait list control group. Data were collected at baseline, postintervention (3 months), and 6 months postintervention. A series of 2 × 3 repeated measures ANOVAs were used to test the hypotheses with interaction contrasts to assess immediate and sustained intervention effects...
April 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447101/development-and-use-of-a-clinical-decision-support-tool-for-behavioral-health-screening-in-primary-care-clinics
#18
Timothy E Burdick, Rodger S Kessler
OBJECTIVE: Screening, brief intervention, and referral for treatment (SBIRT) for behavioral health (BH) is a key clinical process. SBIRT tools in electronic health records (EHR) are infrequent and rarely studied. Our goals were 1) to design and implement SBIRT using clinical decision support (CDS) in a commercial EHR; and 2) to conduct a pragmatic evaluation of the impact of the tools on clinical outcomes. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team designed SBIRT workflows and CDS tools...
April 26, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447018/predictors-of-over-the-counter-medication-a-cross-sectional-indian-study
#19
Abinash Panda, Supriya Pradhan, Gurukrushna Mohapatro, Jaya Singh Kshatri
CONTEXT: The determinants of over-the-counter (OTC) medication need to be understood to design adequate drug information policies. AIM: To determine the prevalence and predictors of OTC medication among the adult population of Berhampur town in Odisha, India. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: It was a prospective, cross-sectional, observational study carried out in the private retail pharmacy on a convenience sample of 880 adults over a period of 6 months at Berhampur, Odisha, India...
April 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446886/parenting-and-temperament-influence-on-school-success-in-9-13-year-olds
#20
Purificación Checa, Alicia Abundis-Gutierrez
Children spend a lot of time with their parents who are the first agents that educate them. The parenting style implemented in the family influences other contexts outside home such as the school. There is evidence that a positive parenting style has an influence on school success. However, there are other variables related to school success, for example, temperament. The influence of parenting decreases with age as children develop abilities to self-regulate without parents' external control. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the contribution of parenting style and temperament in 9-13 years old children on both academic performance and school adjustment skills...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
keyword
keyword
18902
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"