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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823119/determinants-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-iranian-adults-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Ali Kazemi, Masoud Khosravipour, Farid Khosravi, Shahab Rezaeian
Purpose: This study aimed to measure the level and determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adults in Kermanshah province, the western region of Iran. Methods: Convenience sampling was employed to derive a sample of 998 adults 18 years and older (646 males and 352 females) in Kermanshah city. A two-part self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. The first part designed to collect information on socio-demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status and life style factors...
August 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823020/perceptions-and-behaviors-of-patients-and-pharmacists-towards-generic-drug-substitution-in-lebanon
#2
Shadi Saleh, Clara Abou Samra, Stewart Jleilaty, Joanne Constantin, Nour El Arnaout, Hani Dimassi, Dania Al-Bittar
Background Patients, physicians and pharmacists are key stakeholders in the implementation of generic substitution policies. Objectives To explore Lebanese patients' perceptions and experience, and pharmacists' dispensing patterns towards the newly enacted unified health prescription policy promoting generic substitution. Setting Pharmacies in Beirut, the capital of Lebanon. Methods A cross-sectional design employing self-administered questionnaires to survey a total of 128 patients and 25 pharmacists. Chi square test and multiple logistic regression were performed...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822756/differences-in-psychosocial-and-behavioral-variables-by-dietary-screening-tool-risk-category-in-older-adults
#3
Geoffrey W Greene, Ingrid Lofgren, Chelsea Paulin, Mary L Greaney, Phillip G Clark
BACKGROUND: The Dietary Screening Tool (DST) has been validated as a dietary screening instrument for older adults defining three categories of potential nutritional risk based on DST score cutoffs. Previous research has found that older adults classified as being "at risk" differed from those categorized as being "not at risk" for a limited number of health-related variables. The relationship between risk categories and a wide variety of variables has not yet been explored. This research will contribute to an increased understanding of clustering of multiple health concerns in this population...
August 17, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822682/a-systematic-review-of-digital-interventions-for-improving-the-diet-and-physical-activity-behaviors-of-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
Taylor Rose, Mary Barker, Chandni Maria Jacob, Leanne Morrison, Wendy Lawrence, Sofia Strömmer, Christina Vogel, Kathryn Woods-Townsend, David Farrell, Hazel Inskip, Janis Baird
Many adolescents have poor diet and physical activity behaviors, which can lead to the development of noncommunicable diseases in later life. Digital platforms offer inexpensive means of delivering health interventions, but little is known about their effectiveness. This systematic review was conducted to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of digital interventions to improve diet quality and increase physical activity in adolescents, to effective intervention components and to assess the cost-effectiveness of these interventions...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822541/only-7-of-the-variation-in-feed-efficiency-in-veal-calves-can-be-predicted-from-variation-in-feeding-motivation-digestion-metabolism-immunology-and-behavioral-traits-in-early-life
#5
M S Gilbert, J J G C van den Borne, C G van Reenen, W J J Gerrits
High interindividual variation in growth performance is commonly observed in veal calf production and appears to depend on milk replacer (MR) composition. Our first objective was to examine whether variation in growth performance in healthy veal calves can be predicted from early life characterization of these calves. Our second objective was to determine whether these predictions differ between calves that are fed a high- or low-lactose MR in later life. A total of 180 male Holstein-Friesian calves arrived at the facilities at 17 ± 3...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822501/baptist-health-system-succeeding-in-bundled-payments-through-behavioral-principles
#6
Joshua M Liao, Amanda Holdofski, Gary L Whittington, Michael Zucker, Sergio Viroslav, David L Fox, Amol S Navathe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822500/into-practice-how-advocate-health-system-uses-behavioral-economics-to-motivate-physicians-in-its-incentive-program
#7
Leah Marcotte, Amanda Hodlofski, Amelia Bond, Pankaj Patel, Lee Sacks, Amol S Navathe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822499/countervailing-incentives-in-value-based-payment
#8
REVIEW
Daniel R Arnold
Payment reform has been at the forefront of the movement toward higher-value care in the U.S. health care system. A common belief is that volume-based incentives embedded in fee-for-service need to be replaced with value-based payments. While this belief is well-intended, value-based payment also contains perverse incentives. In particular, behavioral economists have identified several features of individual decision making that reverse some of the typical recommendations for inducing desirable behavior through financial incentives...
September 2017: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822233/obese-fathers-lead-to-an-altered-metabolism-and-obesity-in-their-children-in-adulthood-review-of-experimental-and-human-studies
#9
REVIEW
Fernanda Ornellas, Priscila V Carapeto, Carlos A Mandarim-de-Lacerda, Marcia B Aguila
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the recent literature on paternal obesity, focusing on the possible mechanisms of transmission of the phenotypes from the father to the children. SOURCES: A non-systematic review in the PubMed database found few publications in which paternal obesity was implicated in the adverse transmission of characteristics to offspring. Specific articles on epigenetics were also evaluated. As the subject is recent and still controversial, all articles were considered regardless of year of publication...
August 16, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821916/relative-social-standing-and-suicide-ideation-among-kenyan-males-the-interpersonal-theory-of-suicide-in-context
#10
M L Goodman, H Serag, P K Keiser, S Gitari, B G Raimer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between subjective social status and suicide ideation in a sample of young Kenyan men (age 18-34 years). Situating insights from the interpersonal theory of suicide within social determinants of health framework, we consider whether lower subjective social status predicts lower collective self-esteem (CSE), hopelessness, less meaning in life and more loneliness, and whether these characteristics mediate associations between subjective social status and suicide ideation...
August 18, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821469/a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-middle-school-gender-violence-prevention-program-design-rationale-and-sample-characteristics
#11
Kaleab Z Abebe, Kelley A Jones, Samantha Ciaravino, Lisa Ripper, Taylor Paglisotti, Sarah Elizabeth Morrow, Melanie Grafals, Courtney Van Dusen, Elizabeth Miller
INTRODUCTION: High rates of adolescent relationship abuse (ARA) and sexual violence (SV) reported among adolescents point to the need for prevention among middle school-age youth. This is a cluster randomized controlled trial to test an athletic coach-delivered ARA/SV prevention program in 41 middle schools (38 clusters). Trained coaches talk to their male athletes about 1) what constitutes harmful vs. respectful relationship behaviors, 2) dispelling myths that glorify male sexual aggression and promoting more gender-equitable attitudes, and 3) positive bystander intervention when aggressive male behaviors toward females are witnessed...
August 15, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821007/measurement-tools-for-mental-health-problems-and-mental-well-being-in-people-with-severe-or-profound-intellectual-disabilities-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Samantha Flynn, Leen Vereenooghe, Richard P Hastings, Dawn Adams, Sally-Ann Cooper, Nick Gore, Chris Hatton, Kerry Hood, Andrew Jahoda, Peter E Langdon, Rachel McNamara, Chris Oliver, Ashok Roy, Vasiliki Totsika, Jane Waite
Mental health problems affect people with intellectual disabilities (ID) at rates similar to or in excess of the non-ID population. People with severe ID are likely to have persistent mental health problems. In this systematic review (PROSPERO 2015:CRD42015024469), we identify and evaluate the methodological quality of available measures of mental health problems or well-being in individuals with severe or profound ID. Electronic searches of ten databases identified relevant publications. Two reviewers independently reviewed titles and abstracts of retrieved records (n=41,232) and full-text articles (n=573)...
August 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820881/vector-competence-of-populations-of-aedes-aegypti-from-three-distinct-cities-in-kenya-for-chikungunya-virus
#13
Sheila B Agha, Edith Chepkorir, Francis Mulwa, Caroline Tigoi, Samwel Arum, Milehna M Guarido, Peris Ambala, Betty Chelangat, Joel Lutomiah, David P Tchouassi, Michael J Turell, Rosemary Sang
BACKGROUND: In April, 2004, chikungunya virus (CHIKV) re-emerged in Kenya and eventually spread to the islands in the Indian Ocean basin, South-East Asia, and the Americas. The virus, which is often associated with high levels of viremia in humans, is mostly transmitted by the urban vector, Aedes aegypti. The expansion of CHIKV presents a public health challenge both locally and internationally. In this study, we investigated the ability of Ae. aegypti mosquitoes from three distinct cities in Kenya; Mombasa (outbreak prone), Kisumu, and Nairobi (no documented outbreak) to transmit CHIKV...
August 18, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820859/-it-s-not-an-obvious-issue-is-it-office-based-employees-perceptions-of-prolonged-sitting-at-work-a-qualitative-study
#14
Stuart William Flint, Helen Crank, Garry Tew, Simon Till
OBJECTIVE: Current UK workplace health promotion guidance recommends that employers minimize sedentary behaviors, but understanding the issues relating to prolonged workplace sitting has received little empirical attention. This study aimed to explore employees' perceptions of sitting time. METHODS: Participants at a small to medium-sized UK company were invited to join one of five focus groups. A framework analysis approach was used. RESULTS: Self-reported mean estimate of occupational sitting time was 6...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820632/media-presentation-of-breastfeeding-beliefs-in-newspapers
#15
Rose Hitt, Jie Zhuang, Jennifer Anderson
Despite numerous health benefits for babies and mothers, many women do not either initiate or continue breastfeeding for the recommended duration, and increasing breastfeeding is a national priority. It is important to understand media messages on the topic, given that breastfeeding is influenced by many environmental factors and that perceived norms, social support, and perceptions of difficulties predict breastfeeding. The current study analyzes how media covers (1) breastfeeding in general, (2) public breastfeeding, and (3) extended breastfeeding (past 1 year)...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820622/latent-growth-curve-modeling-of-non-injection-drug-use-and-condomless-sexual-behavior-from-ages-18-to-21-in-gay-bisexual-and-other-ymsm-the-p18-cohort-study
#16
Perry N Halkitis, Kristen Bub, Christopher B Stults, Francesca C Bates, Farzana Kapadia
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS continues to be a health disparity faced by sexual minority men, and is exacerbated by non-injection drug use. OBJECTIVES: We sought to delineate growth in non-injection drug use and condomless sex in a sample of racially and economically diverse of gay, bisexual, and other young men who have sex with men (YMSM) as they emerged into adulthood between the ages of 18 and 21 and who came of age in the post-HAART era. METHODS: Behavioral data on drug use and condomless sex, collected via a calendar based technique over 7 waves of a cohort study of 600 YMSM, were analyzed using latent growth curve modeling to document patterns of growth in these behaviors, their associations, and the extent to which patterns and associations are moderated by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status...
August 18, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820618/college-women-s-responses-to-a-celebrity-health-disclosure
#17
Julia H Drizin, Vanessa L Malcarne, Melody K Schiaffino, Kristen J Wells
Celebrities can have a powerful influence on people's health-related attitudes and behaviors, often by publicly disclosing their own personal health decisions. In May 2013, Angelina Jolie, an internationally recognized actress, director, and author, wrote an op-ed for the New York Times disclosing her decision to undergo a prophylactic double mastectomy to reduce her risk of breast cancer after learning that she carried the BRCA1 gene mutation. This cross-sectional study examined whether exposure to Angelina Jolie and her mastectomy disclosure and parasocial involvement (PSI) with Angelina Jolie were related to female college students' perceived risk of breast cancer and breast cancer screening intentions...
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820449/applying-a-consumer-behavior-lens-to-salt-reduction-initiatives
#18
REVIEW
Áine Regan, Monique Potvin Kent, Monique M Raats, Áine McConnon, Patrick Wall, Lise Dubois
Reformulation of food products to reduce salt content has been a central strategy for achieving population level salt reduction. In this paper, we reflect on current reformulation strategies and consider how consumer behavior determines the ultimate success of these strategies. We consider the merits of adopting a 'health by stealth', silent approach to reformulation compared to implementing a communications strategy which draws on labeling initiatives in tandem with reformulation efforts. We end this paper by calling for a multi-actor approach which utilizes co-design, participatory tools to facilitate the involvement of all stakeholders, including, and especially, consumers, in making decisions around how best to achieve population-level salt reduction...
August 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820347/association-between-eye-diagnosis-and-positive-syphilis-test-results-in-a-large-urban-sexually-transmitted-infection-primary-care-clinic-population
#19
Ann-Marie Lobo, Yan Gao, Laura Rusie, Magda Houlberg, Supriya D Mehta
In 2015, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) released clinical advisories on rising cases of ocular syphilis. We examined the association between eye disease and syphilis infection among primary care and sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic patients attending an urban lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) health center. We conducted a retrospective medical record review of all patients who underwent syphilis testing at Howard Brown Health between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2015...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820007/a-12-week-pilot-study-of-acceptance-of-a-computer-based-chronic-disease-self-monitoring-system-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-or-hypertension
#20
Mian Yan, Calvin Or
This study tested a structural model examining the effects of perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, health consciousness, and application-specific self-efficacy on the acceptance (i.e. behavioral intention and actual usage) of a computer-based chronic disease self-monitoring system among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and/or hypertension. The model was tested using partial least squares structural equation modeling, with 119 observations that were obtained by pooling data across three time points over a 12-week period...
August 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
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