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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549270/the-effects-of-early-life-adversity-on-the-immune-system
#1
REVIEW
Martha M C Elwenspoek, Annette Kuehn, Claude P Muller, Jonathan D Turner
Early life adversity (ELA) is associated with a higher risk for diseases in adulthood. Although the pathophysiological effects of ELA are varied, there may be a unifying role for the immune system in all of the long-term pathologies such as chronic inflammatory disorders (autoimmune diseases, allergy, and asthma). Recently, significant efforts have been made to elucidate the long-term effects ELA has on immune function, as well as the mechanisms underlying these immune changes. In this review, we focus on data from human studies investigating immune parameters in relation to post-natal adverse experiences...
May 17, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549190/newborn-care-practices-and-health-seeking-behavior-in-rural-eastern-ethiopia-a-community-based-study
#2
Betemariam Gebre, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Zinaw Taddese, Kebede Deribe, Tsigereda Legesse, Meftuh Omar
Background: Most of the newborn deaths in developing countries occur at home. Up to two-thirds of these deaths would have been prevented if mothers and newborns had received known and effective interventions. The objective of this study is to determine newborn-care practices and health-seeking behavior in rural Eastern Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Adadle district, Ethiopian Somali Regional State. A multi-stage random sampling technique was applied...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548905/brca-associated-cancers-role-of-imaging-in-screening-diagnosis-and-management
#3
Michelle V Lee, Venkata S Katabathina, Michyla L Bowerson, Marina I Mityul, Anup S Shetty, Khaled M Elsayes, Aparna Balachandran, Priya R Bhosale, Ann E McCullough, Christine O Menias
Harmful mutations of the BRCA tumor suppressor genes result in a greater lifetime risk for malignancy-breast and ovarian cancers in particular. An increased risk for male breast, fallopian tube, primary peritoneal, pancreatic, prostate, and colon cancers also has been reported. The BRCA gene is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern and tends to be highly penetrant; thus, there is an increased incidence of these cancers in affected families. Compared with sporadic tumors, BRCA-associated malignancies have unique manifestations, clinical features, and pathologic profiles...
May 26, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548897/evening-light-exposure-to-computer-screens-disrupts-human-sleep-biological-rhythms-and-attention-abilities
#4
A Green, M Cohen-Zion, A Haim, Y Dagan
The use of electronic devices with light-emitting screens has increased exponentially in the last decade. As a result, humans are almost continuously exposed to unintentional artificial light. We explored the independent and combined effects of two aspects of screen illumination, light wavelength, and intensity, on sleep, its biological regulation, and related functional outcomes. The 2 × 2 repeated-measure design included two independent variables: screen light intensity (low ([LI] versus high [HI]) and wavelength (short [SWL] versus long [LWL])...
May 26, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548601/does-the-screening-status-of-message-characters-affect-message-effects
#5
Julia M Alber, Karen Glanz
Public health messages can be used to increase awareness about colorectal cancer screenings. Free or inexpensive images for creating health messages are readily available, yet little is known about how a pictured individual's engagement in the behavior of interest affects message outcomes. Participants ( N = 360), aged 50 to 75 years, completed an online survey in which they viewed a colorectal cancer screening message and were then randomly assigned to view one of four different messages about the pictured individual's screening status...
May 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548547/facing-a-health-threat-in-a-complex-information-environment-a-national-representative-survey-examining-american-adults-behavioral-responses-to-the-2009-2010-a-h1n1-pandemic
#6
Leesa Lin, Rachel F McCloud, Minsoo Jung, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
BACKGROUND: Recent A(H1N1) studies suggest that intrapersonal and interpersonal factors may exert influence on people's preventive behaviors for avoiding the flu during pandemics. AIMS: Nonpharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) and vaccinations play key roles in containing disease transmission during a pandemic. We examined how intrapersonal and interpersonal factors influenced adoption of NPIs and vaccine uptake during the A(H1N1) pandemic of 2009. METHOD: The data come from a nationally representative sample survey of 1,569 American adults...
May 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548468/comparison-of-direct-and-indirect-methods-of-teaching-breast-self-examination-%C3%A2-influence-on-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-iranian-nursing-and-midwifery-personnel
#7
Sara Shahbazi, Mohammad Heidari, Mansour Ghafourifard
Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Monthly breast self-examination (BSE) has been presented as one of the best screening methods available. The aim of this study was to compare effects of both direct and indirect methods of teaching of BSE on knowledge and attitudes of nursing and midwifery personnel. Materials and Methods: The present study was performed on 89 nursing and midwifery personnel in Valiasr hospital of Borujen city. Participants were randomly divided into a direct and an indirect training group...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548184/obesity-and-kidney-disease-hidden-consequences-of-the-epidemic
#8
Csaba P Kovesdy, Susan Furth, Carmine Zoccali
Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic, and its prevalence has been projected to grow by 40% in the next decade. This increasing prevalence has implications for the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and also for Chronic kidney disease. A high body mass index is one of the strongest risk factors for new-onset Chronic kidney disease. In individuals affected by obesity, a compensatory hyperfiltration occurs to meet the heightened metabolic demands of the increased body weight. The increase in intraglomerular pressure can damage the kidneys and raise the risk of developing Chronic kidney disease in the long-term...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547821/effects-of-sleep-on-substance-use-in-adolescents-a-longitudinal-perspective
#9
Tam T Nguyen-Louie, Ty Brumback, Matthew J Worley, Ian M Colrain, Georg E Matt, Lindsay M Squeglia, Susan F Tapert
Substance use (SU) and sleep problems appear interrelated, but few studies have examined the influence of adolescent sleep patterns on development of SU disorders. This study prospectively examined the influence of sleep habits on subsequent SU in youth who later transitioned into heavy drinking. At time 1 (T1), participants (n = 95) were substance-naive 12- to 14-year-olds. Path-analytic models examined whether the effects of T1 risk factors (familial SU disorder, inhibition control, and externalizing and internalizing traits) on time 3 (M = 19...
May 26, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547663/pediatric-predispositional-genetic-risk-communication-potential-utility-for-prevention-and-control-of-melanoma-risk-as-an-exemplar
#10
Yelena P Wu, Darren Mays, Wendy Kohlmann, Kenneth P Tercyak
Predispositional genetic testing among minor children is intensely debated due to the potential benefits and harms of providing this type of genetic information to children and their families. Existing guidelines on pediatric genetic testing state that predispositional testing could be appropriate for minors if preventive services exist that mitigate children's risk for or severity of the health condition in question. We use the example of hereditary melanoma to illustrate the rationale for and potential application of genetic risk communication for an adult-onset cancer to a pediatric population where childhood behaviors may reduce risk of disease later in life...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547524/nurturing-environments-for-boys-and-men-of-color-with-trauma-exposure
#11
REVIEW
Phillip W Graham, Anna Yaros, Ashley Lowe, Mark S McDaniel
Boys and men of color are exposed to traumatic experiences at significantly higher rates than are other demographic groups. To understand and address the mental and behavioral health effects of trauma, including violent incidents, on this population, we review the literature showing the context for, outcomes of, and potential responses to trauma exposure. We present the existing research about the unique challenges and associated negative outcomes for boys and men of color, as well as identify the gaps in the literature...
May 25, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546742/association-between-belief-and-attitude-toward-preference-of-complementary-alternative-medicine-use
#12
Farida Islahudin, Intan Azura Shahdan, Suzani Mohamad-Samuri
BACKGROUND: There is a steep increase in the consumer use of complementary alternative medicine (CAM), with many users unaware of the need to inform their health care providers. Various predictors including psychosocial factors such as beliefs and behavior have been accounted for preference toward CAM use, with varying results. METHODS: This study investigates the belief and attitude regarding preference toward CAM use among the Malaysian population by using a questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546221/factors-associated-with-diabetes-specific-health-related-quality-of-life-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-the-global-teens-study
#13
Barbara J Anderson, Lori M Laffel, Catherine Domenger, Thomas Danne, Moshe Phillip, Carmen Mazza, Ragnar Hanas, Sheridan Waldron, Roy W Beck, Francoise Calvi-Gries, Chantal Mathieu
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to characterize diabetes-specific health-related quality of life (D-HRQOL) in a global sample of youth and young adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and to identify the main factors associated with quality of life. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The TEENs study was an international, cross-sectional study of youth, 8-25 years of age, with T1D. Participants (N = 5,887) were seen in clinical sites in 20 countries across 5 continents enrolled for 3 predetermined age groups: 8-12, 13-18, and 19-25 years of age...
May 25, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546138/mental-health-mobile-apps-for-preadolescents-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Rebecca Grist, Joanna Porter, Paul Stallard
BACKGROUND: There are an increasing number of mobile apps available for adolescents with mental health problems and an increasing interest in assimilating mobile health (mHealth) into mental health services. Despite the growing number of apps available, the evidence base for their efficacy is unclear. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to systematically appraise the available research evidence on the efficacy and acceptability of mobile apps for mental health in children and adolescents younger than 18 years...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545792/living-alone-and-activation-of-the-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-differential-effects-depending-on-alexithymic-personality-features
#15
Jan Terock, Anke Hannemann, Deborah Janowitz, Henry Völzke, Matthias Nauck, Harald-Jürgen Freyberger, Henri Wallaschofski, Hans Jörgen Grabe
OBJECTIVE: Living alone is considered as a chronic stress factor predicting different health conditions and particularly cardiovascular disease (CVD). Alexithymia is associated with increased psychological distress, less social skills and fewer close relationships, making alexithymic subjects particularly susceptible to chronic stress imposed by "living alone". Only few studies investigated the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system (RAAS) activity in response to chronic stress. We aimed at evaluating the effects of "living alone" as a paradigm for chronic stress on RAAS activity and putatively differential effects depending on alexithymic personality features...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545787/youth-secrets-are-associated-with-poorer-sleep-and-asthma-symptoms-via-negative-affect
#16
Ledina Imami, Samuele Zilioli, Erin T Tobin, Daniel J Saleh, Heidi S Kane, Richard B Slatcher
OBJECTIVE: Among older children and adolescents, keeping secrets from parents is consistently associated with lower levels of psychological well-being. Further, concealing one's thoughts and emotions has been associated with poor physical health outcomes in adults. However, it remains an open question whether secret-keeping is associated with poorer health and health-related behaviors (such as sleep) among youth and, if those hypothesized links exist, what the psychological mechanisms might be...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545758/the-role-of-affect-management-for-hiv-risk-reduction-for-youth-in-alternative-schools
#17
Larry K Brown, Laura Whiteley, Christopher D Houck, Lacey K Craker, Ashley Lowery, Nancy Beausoleil, Geri Donenberg
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents in alternative schools for behavioral and emotional problems have an earlier sexual onset and higher rates of sexual risk than their peers. They also often have difficulty managing strong emotions, which can impair sexual decision making. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention programs for these adolescents may be most effective if skills for coping with strong emotions during sexual situations are included. METHOD: This article reports the 6-month outcomes of a three-arm randomized controlled trial comparing an HIV prevention intervention with affect management (AM) to a standard, skills-based HIV prevention intervention (SB), and a general health promotion intervention (HP)...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545747/another-reason-to-love-integrated-behavioral-health-notes-from-the-north
#18
EDITORIAL
Jennifer F Havens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545598/indonesian-dengue-burden-estimates-review-of-evidence-by-an-expert-panel
#19
T Y M Wahyono, J Nealon, S Beucher, A Prayitno, A Moureau, S Nawawi, H Thabrany, M Nadjib
Routine, passive surveillance systems tend to underestimate the burden of communicable diseases such as dengue. When empirical methods are unavailable, complimentary opinion-based or extrapolative methods have been employed. Here, an expert Delphi panel estimated the proportion of dengue captured by the Indonesian surveillance system, and associated health system parameters. Following presentation of medical and epidemiological data and subsequent discussions, the panel made iterative estimates from which expansion factors (EF), the ratio of total:reported cases, were calculated...
May 26, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545578/the-effect-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-in-cognitive-functions-and-psychological-well-being-applied-as-an-early-intervention-in-schizophrenia-and-high-risk-mental-state-in-a-chilean-sample-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Álvaro I Langer, Carlos Schmidt, Rocío Mayol, Marcela Díaz, Javiera Lecaros, Edwin Krogh, Aída Pardow, Carolina Vergara, Guillermo Vergara, Bernardita Pérez-Herrera, María José Villar, Alejandro Maturana, Pablo A Gaspar
BACKGROUND: According to the projections of the World Health Organization, 15% of all disabilities will be associated with mental illnesses by 2020. One of the mental disorders with the largest social impacts due to high personal and family costs is psychosis. Among the most effective psychological approaches to treat schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders at the world level is cognitive behavioral therapy. Recently, cognitive behavioral therapy has introduced several tools and strategies that promote psychological processes based on acceptance and mindfulness...
May 25, 2017: Trials
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