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Myofascial release

J D Hodgkinson, C A Leo, Y Maeda, P Bassett, S M Oke, C J Vaizey, J Warusavitarne
PURPOSE: This study aims to compare the outcomes of posterior component separation and transversus abdominis release (PCSTAR) with the open anterior component separation (OACS) technique. OACS, first described by Ramirez et al. (Plast Reconstr Surg 86(3):519-526, 1990), has become an established technique for local myofascial advancement in abdominal hernia surgery. PCSTAR, described by Novitsky et al. (Am J Surg 204(5):709-716, 2012), is being used more frequently and is rapidly becoming the technique of choice in complex ventral hernia repair...
March 7, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Frank Devereux, Brian O'Rourke, Paul J Byrne, Damien Byrne, Sharon Kinsella
The purpose of this study was to firstly investigate the effects of treating latent myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in the lower limb kinetic chain with respect to performance during sporting actions, as opposed to the traditional goal of pain management with active MTrPs. The second aim was to investigate the effects of dry needling (DN) on performance parameters over time to establish treatment timeframe guidelines prior to performance. Forty male athletes were assigned to four groups; rectus femoris DN (group 1), medial gastrocnemius DN (group 2), rectus femoris and medial gastrocnemius DN (group 3) and no DN (group 4)...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Yasaman Safarpour, Bahman Jabbari
This review evaluates the existing level of evidence for efficacy of BoNTs in different pain syndromes using the recommended efficacy criteria from the Assessment and Therapeutic Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. There is a level A evidence (effective) for BoNT therapy in post-herpetic neuralgia, trigeminal neuralgia, and posttraumatic neuralgia. There is a level B evidence (probably effective) for diabetic neuropathy, plantar fasciitis, piriformis syndrome, pain associated with total knee arthroplasty, male pelvic pain syndrome, chronic low back pain, male pelvic pain, and neuropathic pain secondary to traumatic spinal cord injury...
January 31, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Justin Stanek, Taylor Sullivan, Samantha Davis
CONTEXT:   Restricted dorsiflexion (DF) at the ankle joint can cause acute and chronic injuries at the ankle and knee. Myofascial release and instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) techniques have been used to increase range of motion (ROM); however, evidence directly comparing their effectiveness is limited. OBJECTIVE:   To compare the effects of a single session of compressive myofascial release (CMR) or IASTM using the Graston Technique (GT) on closed chain ankle-DF ROM...
February 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Viviane Ramos Costa Lêdo, Ana Paula Xavier, Cesar Augustus Zocoler de Souza, Susi Mary de Souza Fernandes, Étria Rodrigues, Érico Chagas Caperuto
OBJECTIVES: To investigate aquatic myofascial release (AMR) effects on flexibility and delayed onset muscle soreness, after high intensity exercises. STUDY DESIGN: 15 participants, control (CON) and intervention (INT), 3 moments, pre (Pre), after (Post) and 50 min after (Post 50/Post AMR). 6 exercises, 5 sets, 15 reps at 85% of 1 maximum repetition, followed, or not, by 50 min of AMR. VARIABLES: Heart rate, lactate, rate of perceived exertion, pain and flexibility...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Francisco Cialdine Frota Carneiro Júnior, Eduardo Nazareno Dos Anjos Carrijo, Samuel Tomaz Araújo, Luis Carlos Uta Nakano, Jorge Eduardo de Amorim, Daniel Guimarães Cacione
BACKGROUND Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES) results from an anomalous relationship between the popliteal artery and the myofascial structures of the popliteal fossa. The most common presenting symptoms include intermittent pain in the feet and calves on exercise, resulting in lameness. PAES can lead to popliteal artery thrombosis, stenosis, distal arterial thromboembolism, or arterial aneurysm. The treatment of PAES includes surgical exploration with fasciotomy, myotomy, or sectioning of fibrous band formation, to release the popliteal artery...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Max Oberste, Philipp Hartig, Wilhelm Bloch, Benjamin Elsner, Hans-Georg Predel, Bernhard Ernst, Philipp Zimmer
Introduction: Many studies report improvements in cognitive performance following acute endurance exercise compared to control group treatment. These cognitive benefits are interpreted as a result of a physiological response to exercise. However, it was also hypothesized that expectation-driven placebo effects account for these positive effects. The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences between expectations for cognitive benefits toward acute endurance exercise and multiple control group treatments...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Yosefa Pollack, Anat Shashua, Leonid Kalichman
BACKGROUND: Manual therapy employed in the treatment of plantar heel pain includes joint or soft tissue mobilizations. Efficacy of these methods is still under debate. AIMS: To determine whether manual therapy, consisting of deep massage, myofascial release or joint mobilization is effective in treating plantar heel pain. METHODS: A critical review of all available studies with an emphasis on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed...
August 5, 2017: Foot
Christine Lohr, Tobias Schmidt
Turnout in classical dance refers to the external rotation of the lower extremities so that the longitudinal axes of the feet form an angle of up to 180°. To what extent a myofascial manipulation (myofascial release, MFR) could enhance this external rotation is as yet unknown. In this pilot study, 16 students of dance and 3 dance instructors were randomly assigned to an intervention group (IG; N = 10) and a group of controls (CG; N = 9). Isolated external hip rotation (EHR) and functional turnout (TO) were evaluated three times (pre-, post-, and follow-up measurement) using a plurimeter and Functional Footprints® rotation discs...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
Amandda de Souza, Cristiano Gomes Sanchotene, Cristiano Moreira da Silva Lopes, Jader Alfredo Beck, Affonso Celso Kulevicz da Silva, Suzana Matheus Pereira, Caroline Ruschel
CONTEXT: Self-myofascial release (SMR) is an intervention popularly used by rehabilitation, fitness, and sports professionals to improve recovery and performance. In SMR, the athlete/patient himself applies pressure to the muscle and fascia, using various tools such as balls, rods, foam rolls and massagers. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the acute effect of two SMR protocols (short- and long-term) of the posterior thigh and calf muscles on hip and ankle range of motion (ROM) in physically active men...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Morgan D Young, Jessie L Young
Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe the conservative management of 2 cases of acquired torticollis in children under 3 years of age. Clinical Features: Both patients awoke with painful, stiff, twisted necks the day after play in a bouncy house. Range of motion was limited, and hypertonic muscles were palpated. Their neurologic and physical evaluation was consistent with a diagnosis of acquired torticollis of musculoskeletal origin. Intervention and Outcomes: Both children were treated with chiropractic care that consisted of light myofascial release, use of an Activator instrument, and home stretching...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
John Scott Roth, Gary J Anthone, Don J Selzer, Benjamin K Poulose, James G Bittner, William W Hope, Raymond M Dunn, Robert G Martindale, Matthew I Goldblatt, David B Earle, John R Romanelli, Gregory J Mancini, Jacob A Greenberg, John G Linn, Eduardo Parra-Davila, Bryan J Sandler, Corey R Deeken, Guy R Voeller
BACKGROUND: Long-term resorbable mesh represents a promising technology for complex ventral and incisional hernia repair (VIHR). Preclinical studies indicate that poly-4-hydroxybutyrate (P4HB) resorbable mesh supports strength restoration of the abdominal wall. This study evaluated outcomes of high-risk subjects undergoing VIHR with P4HB mesh. METHODS: This was a prospective, multi-institutional study of subjects undergoing retrorectus or onlay VIHR. Inclusion criteria were CDC Class I, defect 10-350 cm2 , ≤ 3 prior repairs, and ≥ 1 high-risk criteria (obesity (BMI: 30-40 kg/m2 ), active smoker, COPD, diabetes, immunosuppression, coronary artery disease, chronic corticosteroid use, hypoalbuminemia, advanced age, and renal insufficiency)...
April 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Leon Chaitow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Yacov Fogelman, Eli Carmeli, Amir Minerbi, Baruch Harash, Simon Vulfsons
An estimated 19% of the adult population in western countries lives with chronic pain. Pain management lies mainly within the primary care and community setting. We evaluated the outcome of a new model of secondary care clinics, conducted by primary care physicians with specialized training in pain medicine. Data on referral patterns, prevalence of pain diagnosis, and medication consumption were recorded at five secondary pain management clinics in the community setting. In total, 997 patients with pain attended 2,652 visits (average 2...
October 5, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Katri Laimi, Annika Mäkilä, Esa Bärlund, Niina Katajapuu, Airi Oksanen, Valpuri Seikkula, Jari Karppinen, Mikhail Saltychev
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence on the effectiveness of myofascial release therapy to relieve chronic musculoskeletal pain and to improve joint mobility, functioning level, and quality of life in pain sufferers. Data sources and review: Randomized controlled trials were systematically gathered from CENTRAL, Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Scopus, and PEDro databases. The methodological quality of articles was assessed according to the Cochrane Collaboration's domain-based framework. In addition, the effect sizes of main outcomes were calculated based on reported means and variances at baseline and in follow-up...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
Julien Le Gal, Mickael Begon, Benoit Gillet, Isabelle Rogowski
CONTEXT: Tennis induces a decreased internal rotation range of motion at the dominant glenohumeral joint. The effects of self-myofascial release have not yet been investigated to restore glenohumeral range of motion. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at investigating the effects of self-myofascial release on the shoulder function and perception in adolescent tennis players. DESIGN: Test-retest design. SETTING: Tennis training sport facilities...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Sarah S Fox, Randy Janczyk, Jeremy A Warren, Alfredo M Carbonell, Benjamin K Poulose, Michael J Rosen, William W Hope
The purpose of this review was to evaluate outcomes relating to parastomal hernia repair. Data from the Americas Hernia Society Quality Collaborative were used to identify patients undergoing parastomal hernia repair from 2013 to 2016. Parastomal hernia repairs were compared with other repairs using Pearson's test and Wilcoxon test with a P value <0.05 considered significant. Parastomal hernia repairs were performed in 311 patients. Techniques of repair include open in 85 per cent and laparoscopic in 15 per cent...
August 1, 2017: American Surgeon
Ryan R Fairall, Lee Cabell, Richard J Boergers, Fortunato Battaglia
OBJECTIVE: To examine the acute effects of self-myofascial release (SMR), static stretching (SS), and the combination of self-myofascial release and static stretching (SMR + SS) on glenohumeral internal rotation range of motion (GH IR ROM) in overhead athletes with glenohumeral internal rotation deficit (GIRD). PARTICIPANTS: Twelve asymptomatic adult male amateur softball position players exhibiting GIRD. RESULTS: All three methods significantly improved GH IR ROM...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Tammy Brockman
"Stringhalt" is a horse condition that causes one or both hind legs to spasm when walking, trotting or backing. The condition is thought to be related to a neurological cause from either plant toxicity or peripheral nerve injury. The prognosis is poor and the horse's performance and quality of life can be affected. Treatment has included surgically cutting the digital extensors with varied results. The objective of the study is to utilize soft tissue release via acupressure, trigger point and myofascial release to decrease symptoms of stringhalt...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Minyoung Lee, Minhee Kim, Sejun Oh, Yoon-Jin Choi, Dongshin Lee, Sang Heon Lee, BumChul Yoon
PURPOSE: To examine the effectiveness and adherence to a self-determination theory (SDT)-based self-myofascial release (SMR) program in older adults with myofascial trigger points (MTrPs), and to investigate the factors that influence participant behavioral change while conducting the program in a home setting. METHODS: An explanatory mixed-method design was used to evaluate a 12-week SDT-based SMR program, including a 4-week group-based education and practice (EP) phase and an 8-week home-based self-management (SM) phase...
July 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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