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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816811/vegetarian-diet-during-pregnancy-assessment-and-support
#1
Denise Snow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809805/diet-quality-scores-of-australian-adults-who-have-completed-the-healthy-eating-quiz
#2
Rebecca L Williams, Megan E Rollo, Tracy Schumacher, Clare E Collins
Higher scores obtained using diet quality and variety indices are indicators of more optimal food and nutrient intakes and lower chronic disease risk. The aim of this paper is to describe the overall diet quality and variety in a sample of Australian adults who completed an online diet quality self-assessment tool, the Healthy Eating Quiz. The Healthy Eating Quiz takes approximately five minutes to complete online and computes user responses into a total diet quality score (out of a maximum of 73 points) and then categorizes them into the following groups: 'needs work' (<33), 'getting there' (33-38), 'excellent' (39-46), or 'outstanding' (47+)...
August 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792455/cardio-metabolic-benefits-of-plant-based-diets
#3
REVIEW
Hana Kahleova, Susan Levin, Neal Barnard
Cardio-metabolic disease, namely ischemic heart disease, stroke, obesity, and type 2 diabetes, represent substantial health and economic burdens. Almost one half of cardio-metabolic deaths in the U.S. might be prevented through proper nutrition. Plant-based (vegetarian and vegan) diets are an effective strategy for improving nutrient intake. At the same time, they are associated with decreased all-cause mortality and decreased risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and coronary heart disease. Evidence suggests that plant-based diets may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease events by an estimated 40% and the risk of cerebral vascular disease events by 29%...
August 9, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777971/vegetarian-diets-and-depressive-symptoms-among-men
#4
Joseph R Hibbeln, Kate Northstone, Jonathan Evans, Jean Golding
BACKGROUND: Vegetarian diets are associate with cardiovascular and other health benefits, but little is known about mental health benefits or risks. AIMS: To determine whether self-identification of vegetarian dietary habits is associated with significant depressive symptoms in men. METHOD: Self-report data from 9668 adult male partners of pregnant women in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) included identification as vegetarian or vegan, dietary frequency data and the Edinburgh Post Natal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761634/acute-beriberi-neuropathy-mimicking-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-after-a-strict-vegetarian-diet
#5
Anis Riahi, Malek Mansour, Ines Bedoui, Hajer Derbali, Mariem Messelmani, Jamel Zaouali, Ridha Mrissa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754472/exposure-to-contaminants-and-nutritional-intakes-in-a-french-vegetarian-population
#6
S Fleury, G Rivière, B Allès, E Kesse-Guyot, C Méjean, S Hercberg, M Touvier, N Bemrah
The NutriNet Santé study collected, on a voluntary basis, the dietary consumption of French vegetarian populations (N = 1766, including 188 vegan individuals) from 18 to 81 years (18-77 years for the vegan). Taking advantage of the availability of contamination data generated in the context of the second French total diet study, dietary exposures of French vegetarian populations to several contaminants were estimated. Results showed that exposures to persistent organic pollutants (PCBs, PCDD/Fs for instance) was dramatically lower than those of the general French population due to the non consumption of food of animal origins...
July 25, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753930/pregnancy-proteinuria-plant-based-supplemented-diets-and-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis-a-report-on-three-cases-and-critical-appraisal-of-the-literature
#7
Rossella Attini, Filomena Leone, Benedetta Montersino, Federica Fassio, Fosca Minelli, Loredana Colla, Maura Rossetti, Cristiana Rollino, Maria Grazia Alemanno, Antonella Barreca, Tullia Todros, Giorgina Barbara Piccoli
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly recognized in pregnant patients. Three characteristics are associated with a risk of preterm delivery or small for gestational age babies; kidney function reduction, hypertension, and proteinuria. In pregnancy, the anti-proteinuric agents (ACE-angiotensin converting enzyme-inhibitors or ARBS -angiotensin receptor blockers) have to be discontinued for their potential teratogenicity, and there is no validated approach to control proteinuria. Furthermore, proteinuria usually increases as an effect of therapeutic changes and pregnancy-induced hyperfiltration...
July 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733610/environmental-impact-of-omnivorous-ovo-lacto-vegetarian-and-vegan-diet
#8
Alice Rosi, Pedro Mena, Nicoletta Pellegrini, Silvia Turroni, Erasmo Neviani, Ilario Ferrocino, Raffaella Di Cagno, Luca Ruini, Roberto Ciati, Donato Angelino, Jane Maddock, Marco Gobbetti, Furio Brighenti, Daniele Del Rio, Francesca Scazzina
Food and beverage consumption has a great impact on the environment, although there is a lack of information concerning the whole diet. The environmental impact of 153 Italian adults (51 omnivores, 51 ovo-lacto-vegetarians, 51 vegans) and the inter-individual variability within dietary groups were assessed in a real-life context. Food intake was monitored with a 7-d dietary record to calculate nutritional values and environmental impacts (carbon, water, and ecological footprints). The Italian Mediterranean Index was used to evaluate the nutritional quality of each diet...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728777/the-emerging-nutritional-problems-of-school-adolescents-overweight-obesity-and-associated-factors-in-jimma-town-ethiopia
#9
Nurezeman Gali, Dessalegn Tamiru, Meseret Tamrat
BACKGROUND: Globally, overweight is rapidly becoming one of the most important medical and public health problems. Adolescent obesity is a multisystem disease with potentially devastating consequences that persist into adulthood. However, there is a paucity of available information regarding the adolescent overweight and obesity in Ethiopia, particularly in the study area. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April/2015 among 546 adolescents...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689610/characteristics-of-americans-choosing-vegetarian-and-vegan-diets-for-health-reasons
#10
Holger Cramer, Christian S Kessler, Tobias Sundberg, Matthew J Leach, Dania Schumann, Jon Adams, Romy Lauche
OBJECTIVE: Examine the prevalence, patterns, and associated factors of using a vegetarian or vegan diet for health reasons in the US general population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey. PARTICIPANTS: Nationally representative sample (N = 34,525). VARIABLES MEASURED: Prevalence of ever use and 12-month use of vegetarian or vegan diet for health reasons, patterns of use, and sociodemographic and health-related factor associated with use...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659736/folate-intake-in-a-swedish-adult-population-food-sources-and-predictive-factors
#11
Celia Monteagudo, Henrik Scander, Bente Nilsen, Agneta Yngve
Introduction: Folate plays an important role in cell metabolism, but international studies show that intake is currently below recommendations, especially among women. The study objective was to identify folate food sources by food group, gender, and age group, and to identify factors influencing folate intake, based on food consumption data for Swedish adults in the 2010-11 Riksmaten study. Methods: The sample included a representative Swedish population aged 18-80 years (n = 1657; 56.3% female). Food and nutrient intakes were estimated from self-reported food records during 4 consecutive days...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648868/immune-modulating-effects-in-mouse-dendritic-cells-of-lactobacilli-and-bifidobacteria-isolated-from-individuals-following-omnivorous-vegetarian-and-vegan-diets
#12
Diomira Luongo, Lucia Treppiccione, Alida Sorrentino, Ilario Ferrocino, Silvia Turroni, Monica Gatti, Raffaella Di Cagno, Yolanda Sanz, Mauro Rossi
Lactobacilli and bifidobacteria play a primary role in modulation of gut immunity. By considering that microbiota composition depends on various factors, including diet, we asked whether functional differences could characterize faecal populations of lactobacilli and bifidobacteria isolated from individuals with different dietary habits. 155 healthy volunteers who followed omnivorous, ovo-lacto-vegetarian or vegan diets were recruited at four Italian centres (Turin, Parma, Bologna and Bari). Faecal samples were collected; lactobacilli and bifidobacteria were isolated on selective media and their immunomodulatory activity was tested in mouse dendritic cells (DCs)...
September 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641283/-healing-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-case-report
#13
Inge Mangelsdorf, Harald Walach, Joachim Mutter
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating disease leading to death within 3-5 years in most cases. New approaches to treating this disease are needed. Here, we report a successful therapy. CASE REPORT: In a 49-year-old male patient suffering from muscle weakness and fasciculations, progressive muscular atrophy, a variant of ALS, was diagnosed after extensive examinations ruling out other diseases. Due to supposed mercury exposure from residual amalgam, the patient's teeth were restored...
2017: Complementary Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637035/is-there-a-relationship-between-vegetarianism-and-seasonal-affective-disorder-a-pilot-study
#14
Alie N R Meesters, Mirkka Maukonen, Timo Partonen, Satu Männistö, Marijke C M Gordijn, Ybe Meesters
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Seasonal patterns of food intake are found in healthy individuals and particularly in patients with seasonal affective disorder (SAD). One nutritional choice is a vegetarian diet. METHODS: In a Finnish population study, FINRISK 2012, information about diet and SAD was collected. In a Dutch outpatient clinic, SAD patients were asked if they were vegetarian. RESULTS: The percentage of SAD patients among Finnish vegetarians was 4 times higher than in the normal population...
2016: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634965/the-treatment-of-iron-deficiency-without-anaemia-in-otherwise-healthy-persons
#15
German E Clénin
Iron deficiency is the most widespread and frequent nutritional disorder in the world. It affects a high proportion of children and women in developing countries and is also significantly prevalent in the industrialised world, with a clear predominance in adolescents and menstruating females. Iron is essential for optimal cognitive function and physical performance, not only as a binding site of oxygen but also as a critical constituent of many enzymes. Therefore iron deficiency at all its levels - nonanaemic iron deficiency, iron deficiency with microcytosis or hypochromia and iron deficiency anaemia - should be treated...
June 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613258/adherence-to-a-vegetarian-diet-and-diabetes-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#16
Yujin Lee, Kyong Park
We quantitatively assessed the association between a vegetarian diet and diabetes risk using pooled estimates from observational studies. Electronic database searches for articles published from January 1980 to May 2016 were independently performed by two investigators, and 13 articles (14 studies) were identified. The pooled odds ratio (OR) for diabetes in vegetarians vs. non-vegetarians was 0.726 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.608, 0.867). In the subgroup analyses, this inverse association was stronger for the studies conducted in the Western Pacific region (OR 0...
June 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604251/the-effect-of-a-vegetarian-vs-conventional-hypocaloric-diabetic-diet-on-thigh-adipose-tissue-distribution-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-study
#17
Hana Kahleova, Marta Klementova, Vit Herynek, Antonin Skoch, Stepan Herynek, Martin Hill, Andrea Mari, Terezie Pelikanova
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to compare the effects of a vegetarian and a conventional diet on thigh adipose tissue distribution in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: Seventy-four subjects with T2D were randomly assigned to either follow a vegetarian diet (V, n = 37) or a control group who followed an isocaloric conventional anti-diabetic diet (C, n = 37). Both diets were calorie restricted (-500 kcal/day). To measure insulin sensitivity, the hyperinsulinemic (1 mU...
July 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588430/gut-microbial-diversity-in-health-and-disease-experience-of-healthy-indian-subjects-and-colon-carcinoma-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients
#18
V Deepak Bamola, Arnab Ghosh, Raj Kishor Kapardar, Banwari Lal, Simrita Cheema, Priyangshu Sarma, Rama Chaudhry
Background: The intestinal microbiota, through complex interactions with the gut mucosa, play a key role in the pathogenesis of colon carcinoma and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The disease condition and dietary habits both influence gut microbial diversity. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the gut microbial profile of healthy subjects and patients with colon carcinoma and IBD. Healthy subjects included 'Indian vegetarians/lactovegetarians', who eat plant produce, milk and milk products, and 'Indian non-vegetarians', who eat plant produce, milk and milk products, certain meats and fish, and the eggs of certain birds and fish...
2017: Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588373/vegetarian-diets-in-the-prevention-and-management-of-diabetes-and-its-complications
#19
Roman Pawlak
IN BRIEF Epidemiological studies have found a lower prevalence of type 2 diabetes among vegetarians compared to nonvegetarians. This reduced risk is likely a function of improved weight status, higher intake of dietary fiber, and the absence of animal protein and heme iron in the diet. Interventional studies have shown that vegetarian diets, especially a vegan diet, are effective tools in glycemic control and that these diets control plasma glucose to a greater level than do control diets, including diets traditionally recommended for patients with diabetes (e...
May 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572496/effect-of-age-diet-and-tissue-type-on-pcr-response-to-creatine-supplementation
#20
Marina Yazigi Solis, Guilherme Giannini Artioli, Maria Concepción García Otaduy, Cláudia da Costa Leite, Walquiria Arruda, Raquel Ramos Veiga, Bruno Gualano
Creatine/phosphorylcreatine (PCr) responses to creatine supplementation may be modulated by age, diet and tissue, but studies assessing this possibility are lacking. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether the PCr responses vary as a function of age, diet, and tissue. Fifteen children, 17 omnivorous and 14 vegetarian adults, and 18 elderly participated in this study. Participants were given placebo and subsequently creatine (0.3 g•kg(-1)•day(-1)) for 7 days in a single-blind fashion. PCr was measured through phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P-MRS) in muscle and brain...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
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