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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728777/the-emerging-nutritional-problems-of-school-adolescents-overweight-obesity-and-associated-factors-in-jimma-town-ethiopia
#1
Nurezeman Gali, Dessalegn Tamiru, Meseret Tamrat
BACKGROUND: Globally, overweight is rapidly becoming one of the most important medical and public health problems. Adolescent obesity is a multisystem disease with potentially devastating consequences that persist into adulthood. However, there is a paucity of available information regarding the adolescent overweight and obesity in Ethiopia, particularly in the study area. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to April/2015 among 546 adolescents...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689610/characteristics-of-americans-choosing-vegetarian-and-vegan-diets-for-health-reasons
#2
Holger Cramer, Christian S Kessler, Tobias Sundberg, Matthew J Leach, Dania Schumann, Jon Adams, Romy Lauche
OBJECTIVE: Examine the prevalence, patterns, and associated factors of using a vegetarian or vegan diet for health reasons in the US general population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey. PARTICIPANTS: Nationally representative sample (N = 34,525). VARIABLES MEASURED: Prevalence of ever use and 12-month use of vegetarian or vegan diet for health reasons, patterns of use, and sociodemographic and health-related factor associated with use...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659736/folate-intake-in-a-swedish-adult-population-food-sources-and-predictive-factors
#3
Celia Monteagudo, Henrik Scander, Bente Nilsen, Agneta Yngve
Introduction: Folate plays an important role in cell metabolism, but international studies show that intake is currently below recommendations, especially among women. The study objective was to identify folate food sources by food group, gender, and age group, and to identify factors influencing folate intake, based on food consumption data for Swedish adults in the 2010-11 Riksmaten study. Methods: The sample included a representative Swedish population aged 18-80 years (n = 1657; 56.3% female). Food and nutrient intakes were estimated from self-reported food records during 4 consecutive days...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648868/immune-modulating-effects-in-mouse-dendritic-cells-of-lactobacilli-and-bifidobacteria-isolated-from-individuals-following-omnivorous-vegetarian-and-vegan-diets
#4
Diomira Luongo, Lucia Treppiccione, Alida Sorrentino, Ilario Ferrocino, Silvia Turroni, Monica Gatti, Raffaella Di Cagno, Yolanda Sanz, Mauro Rossi
Lactobacilli and bifidobacteria play a primary role in modulation of gut immunity. By considering that microbiota composition depends on various factors, including diet, we asked whether functional differences could characterize faecal populations of lactobacilli and bifidobacteria isolated from individuals with different dietary habits. 155 healthy volunteers who followed omnivorous, ovo-lacto-vegetarian or vegan diets were recruited at four Italian centres (Turin, Parma, Bologna and Bari). Faecal samples were collected; lactobacilli and bifidobacteria were isolated on selective media and their immunomodulatory activity was tested in mouse dendritic cells (DCs)...
September 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641283/-healing-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-case-report
#5
Inge Mangelsdorf, Harald Walach, Joachim Mutter
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating disease leading to death within 3-5 years in most cases. New approaches to treating this disease are needed. Here, we report a successful therapy. CASE REPORT: In a 49-year-old male patient suffering from muscle weakness and fasciculations, progressive muscular atrophy, a variant of ALS, was diagnosed after extensive examinations ruling out other diseases. Due to supposed mercury exposure from residual amalgam, the patient's teeth were restored...
2017: Complementary Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637035/is-there-a-relationship-between-vegetarianism-and-seasonal-affective-disorder-a-pilot-study
#6
Alie N R Meesters, Mirkka Maukonen, Timo Partonen, Satu Männistö, Marijke C M Gordijn, Ybe Meesters
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Seasonal patterns of food intake are found in healthy individuals and particularly in patients with seasonal affective disorder (SAD). One nutritional choice is a vegetarian diet. METHODS: In a Finnish population study, FINRISK 2012, information about diet and SAD was collected. In a Dutch outpatient clinic, SAD patients were asked if they were vegetarian. RESULTS: The percentage of SAD patients among Finnish vegetarians was 4 times higher than in the normal population...
2016: Neuropsychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634965/the-treatment-of-iron-deficiency-without-anaemia-in-otherwise-healthy-persons
#7
German E Clénin
Iron deficiency is the most widespread and frequent nutritional disorder in the world. It affects a high proportion of children and women in developing countries and is also significantly prevalent in the industrialised world, with a clear predominance in adolescents and menstruating females. Iron is essential for optimal cognitive function and physical performance, not only as a binding site of oxygen but also as a critical constituent of many enzymes. Therefore iron deficiency at all its levels - nonanaemic iron deficiency, iron deficiency with microcytosis or hypochromia and iron deficiency anaemia - should be treated...
June 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613258/adherence-to-a-vegetarian-diet-and-diabetes-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#8
Yujin Lee, Kyong Park
We quantitatively assessed the association between a vegetarian diet and diabetes risk using pooled estimates from observational studies. Electronic database searches for articles published from January 1980 to May 2016 were independently performed by two investigators, and 13 articles (14 studies) were identified. The pooled odds ratio (OR) for diabetes in vegetarians vs. non-vegetarians was 0.726 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.608, 0.867). In the subgroup analyses, this inverse association was stronger for the studies conducted in the Western Pacific region (OR 0...
June 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604251/the-effect-of-a-vegetarian-vs-conventional-hypocaloric-diabetic-diet-on-thigh-adipose-tissue-distribution-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-study
#9
Hana Kahleova, Marta Klementova, Vit Herynek, Antonin Skoch, Stepan Herynek, Martin Hill, Andrea Mari, Terezie Pelikanova
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to compare the effects of a vegetarian and a conventional diet on thigh adipose tissue distribution in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: Seventy-four subjects with T2D were randomly assigned to either follow a vegetarian diet (V, n = 37) or a control group who followed an isocaloric conventional anti-diabetic diet (C, n = 37). Both diets were calorie restricted (-500 kcal/day). To measure insulin sensitivity, the hyperinsulinemic (1 mU...
July 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588430/gut-microbial-diversity-in-health-and-disease-experience-of-healthy-indian-subjects-and-colon-carcinoma-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients
#10
V Deepak Bamola, Arnab Ghosh, Raj Kishor Kapardar, Banwari Lal, Simrita Cheema, Priyangshu Sarma, Rama Chaudhry
Background: The intestinal microbiota, through complex interactions with the gut mucosa, play a key role in the pathogenesis of colon carcinoma and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The disease condition and dietary habits both influence gut microbial diversity. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the gut microbial profile of healthy subjects and patients with colon carcinoma and IBD. Healthy subjects included 'Indian vegetarians/lactovegetarians', who eat plant produce, milk and milk products, and 'Indian non-vegetarians', who eat plant produce, milk and milk products, certain meats and fish, and the eggs of certain birds and fish...
2017: Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588373/vegetarian-diets-in-the-prevention-and-management-of-diabetes-and-its-complications
#11
Roman Pawlak
IN BRIEF Epidemiological studies have found a lower prevalence of type 2 diabetes among vegetarians compared to nonvegetarians. This reduced risk is likely a function of improved weight status, higher intake of dietary fiber, and the absence of animal protein and heme iron in the diet. Interventional studies have shown that vegetarian diets, especially a vegan diet, are effective tools in glycemic control and that these diets control plasma glucose to a greater level than do control diets, including diets traditionally recommended for patients with diabetes (e...
May 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572496/effect-of-age-diet-and-tissue-type-on-pcr-response-to-creatine-supplementation
#12
Marina Yazigi Solis, Guilherme Giannini Artioli, Maria Concepción García Otaduy, Cláudia da Costa Leite, Walquiria Arruda, Raquel Ramos Veiga, Bruno Gualano
Creatine/phosphorylcreatine (PCr) responses to creatine supplementation may be modulated by age, diet and tissue, but studies assessing this possibility are lacking. Therefore, we aimed to determine whether the PCr responses vary as a function of age, diet, and tissue. Fifteen children, 17 omnivorous and 14 vegetarian adults, and 18 elderly participated in this study. Participants were given placebo and subsequently creatine (0.3 g•kg(-1)•day(-1)) for 7 days in a single-blind fashion. PCr was measured through phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P-MRS) in muscle and brain...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560934/organic-food-consumption-during-pregnancy-is-associated-with-different-consumer-profiles-food-patterns-and-intake-the-koala-birth-cohort-study
#13
Ana Paula Simões-Wüst, Carolina Moltó-Puigmartí, Martien Cjm van Dongen, Pieter C Dagnelie, Carel Thijs
OBJECTIVE: To find out how the consumption of organic food during pregnancy is associated with consumer characteristics, dietary patterns and macro- and micronutrient intakes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional description of consumer characteristics, dietary patterns and macro- and micronutrient intakes associated with consumption of organic food during pregnancy. SETTING: Healthy, pregnant women recruited to a prospective cohort study at midwives' practices in the southern part of the Netherlands; to enrich the study with participants adhering to alternative lifestyles, pregnant women were recruited through various specific channels...
May 31, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551111/vegetarian-on-purpose-understanding-the-motivations-of-plant-based-dieters
#14
Daniel L Rosenfeld, Anthony L Burrow
Much recent research has explored vegetarians' dietary motivations, recurrently highlighting the significant influence they exert on how people view themselves and others. For vegetarians and other plant-based dieters, dietary motivations have been theorized to be a central aspect of identity. Yet not all plant-based dieters are motivated to follow their diets; rather, some face aversions and constraints. In this paper, we propose that motivations, aversions, and constraints constitute three distinct reasons for consuming a plant-based diet...
May 25, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521334/lifestyle-recommendations-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-an-international-panel-recommendation
#15
Pablo Pérez-Martínez, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Vasilios G Athyros, Mónica Bullo, Patrick Couture, María I Covas, Lawrence de Koning, Javier Delgado-Lista, Andrés Díaz-López, Christian A Drevon, Ramón Estruch, Katherine Esposito, Montserrat Fitó, Marta Garaulet, Dario Giugliano, Antonio García-Ríos, Niki Katsiki, Genovefa Kolovou, Benoît Lamarche, Maria Ida Maiorino, Guillermo Mena-Sánchez, Araceli Muñoz-Garach, Dragana Nikolic, José M Ordovás, Francisco Pérez-Jiménez, Manfredi Rizzo, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Helmut Schröder, Francisco J Tinahones, Rafael de la Torre, Ben van Ommen, Suzan Wopereis, Emilio Ros, José López-Miranda
The importance of metabolic syndrome (MetS) lies in its associated risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, as well as other harmful conditions such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. In this report, the available scientific evidence on the associations between lifestyle changes and MetS and its components is reviewed to derive recommendations for MetS prevention and management. Weight loss through an energy-restricted diet together with increased energy expenditure through physical activity contribute to the prevention and treatment of MetS...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508737/the-future-for-long-chain-n-3-pufa-in-the-prevention-of-coronary-heart-disease-do-we-need-to-target-non-fish-eaters
#16
W L Hall
Dietary guidelines in many countries include a recommendation to consume oily fish, mainly on the basis of evidence from prospective cohort studies that fish consumption is cardioprotective. However, average intakes are very low in a large proportion of the UK population. Some groups, such as vegans and vegetarians, purposely omit fish (along with meat) from their diet resulting in zero or trace intakes of long chain (LC) n-3 PUFA. Although the efficacy of dietary fish oil supplementation in the prevention of CVD has been questioned in recent years, the balance of evidence indicates that LC n-3 PUFA exert systemic pleiotropic effects through their influence on gene expression, cell signalling, membrane fluidity and by conversion to specialised proresolving mediators; autacoid lipid mediators that resolve inflammatory events...
May 16, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503776/differences-in-dietary-and-lifestyle-habits-between-pregnant-women-with-small-fetuses-and-appropriate-for-gestational-age-fetuses
#17
Maria Dolores Gómez Roig, Edurne Mazarico, Silvia Ferrero, Rocío Montejo, Lourdes Ibáñez, Francisco Grima, Antonio Vela
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine differences in lifestyle and dietary habits between pregnant women with small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses and those appropriate for gestational age (AGA). METHODS: This cross-sectional, prospective study was conducted over 14 months and included 46 mothers with SGA and 81 with AGA fetuses. Fetal growth was assessed by a routine third trimester scan. Participants completed questionnaires regarding dietary habits, lifestyle behavior and sociodemographic characteristics during the third trimester...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480414/nitrate-in-leafy-green-vegetables-and-estimated-intake
#18
Danijel Brkić, Jasna Bošnir, Martina Bevardi, Andrea Gross Bošković, Sanja Miloš, Dario Lasić, Adela Krivohlavek, Aleksandar Racz, Ana Mojsović Ćuić, Natalija Uršulin Trstenjak
BACKGROUND: Vegetarian diets are rich in vegetables. Green leafy vegetables are foods that contain considerable amounts of nitrate, which can have both positive and negative effects on the human body. Their potential carcinogenicity and toxicity have been proven, particularly after the reduction of nitrate to nitrite itself or just serving as a reactant with amines and/or amides in the formation of N-nitroso compounds -N-nitrosamines and other nitrogen compounds which may have high levels of nitrate...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468236/non-traditional-aspects-of-renal-diets-focus-on-fiber-alkali-and-vitamin-k1-intake
#19
Adamasco Cupisti, Claudia D'Alessandro, Loreto Gesualdo, Carmela Cosola, Maurizio Gallieni, Maria Francesca Egidi, Maria Fusaro
Renal diets for advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) are structured to achieve a lower protein, phosphate and sodium intake, while supplying adequate energy. The aim of this nutritional intervention is to prevent or correct signs, symptoms and complications of renal insufficiency, delaying the start of dialysis and preserving nutritional status. This paper focuses on three additional aspects of renal diets that can play an important role in the management of CKD patients: the vitamin K1 and fiber content, and the alkalizing potential...
April 29, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464483/occurrence-of-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-the-fecal-dna-of-healthy-omnivores-ovo-lacto-vegetarians-and-vegans
#20
Vesna Milanović, Andrea Osimani, Lucia Aquilanti, Stefano Tavoletti, Cristiana Garofalo, Serena Polverigiani, Alice Litta-Mulondo, Luca Cocolin, Ilario Ferrocino, Raffaella Di Cagno, Silvia Turroni, Camilla Lazzi, Nicoletta Pellegrini, Francesca Clementi
SCOPE: The effects of long-term omnivore, ovo-lacto vegetarian and vegan diets on the occurrence of 12 antibiotic resistance (AR) genes in the human gut were studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: The feces of 144 healthy volunteers recruited from Turin, Bari, Bologna, and Parma were screened for the occurrence of genes conferring resistance to tetracyclines, macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin B, vancomycin, and β-lactams. Overall, erm(B), tet(W) and tet(M) were detected at the highest frequency...
May 2, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
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