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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442351/milk-alkali-syndrome-mas-as-a-complication-of-the-treatment-of-hypoparathyroidism
#1
Agata Skwarek, Janusz Pachucki, Tomasz Bednarczuk, Zuzanna Żurecka, Michał Popow
Milk-alkali syndrome (MAS), characterized by renal failure, metabolic alkalosis and hypercalcemia, is a severe and life-threatening complication of the treatment of hypoparathyroidism. The clinical course is often sudden and is not preceded by any prodromal symptoms. Occurrence does not depend on the duration of hypoparathyroidism treatment, although it is closely related to the applied therapy, especially the dose of calcium carbonate and active vitamin D preparations. Drugs influencing the glomerular filtration rate (angiotensin receptor blockers, sartans, aldosterone receptor antagonists, thiazide diuretics), lack of adequate routine control, changing the calcium carbonate supplementation, dehydration, a diet rich in pH-basic foods (i...
February 14, 2018: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432508/a-study-on-the-relationship-between-orthorexia-and-vegetarianism-using-the-bot-bratman-test-for-orthorexia
#2
Anna Dittfeld, Katarzyna Gwizdek, Paweł Jagielski, Joanna Brzęk, Katarzyna Ziora
OBJECTIVES: The following article presents the relationship between vegetarianism and orthorexia nervosa (ON). Vegetarianism is an ideology and a way of life that aims at minimizing animal exploitation. A vegetarian diet excludes the consumption of meat together with other animal derived products. According to scientists, orthorexia nervosa is considered to be a new, yet unclassified eating disorder. It involves introducing dietary restrictions by individuals who feel a desire to improve their health status by healthy eating...
December 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427539/cholesterol-absorption-and-synthesis-in-vegetarians-and-omnivores
#3
Dieter Lütjohann, Sven Meyer, Klaus von Bergmann, Frans Stellaard
SCOPE: Vegetarian diets are considered health promoting, however, a plasma cholesterol lowering effect is not always observed. We investigated the link between vegetarian diet-induced alterations in cholesterol metabolism. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied male and female omnivores, lacto-ovo vegetarians, lacto vegetarians and vegans. Cholesterol intake, absorption and fecal sterol excretion were measured as well as plasma concentrations of cholesterol and non-cholesterol sterols...
February 10, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416997/acute-coronary-syndrome-related-mortality-audit-in-a-teaching-hospital-at-port-blair-india
#4
Shiv Shankar Singh, Swapan Kumar Paul, Ranabir Pal, Pandurang Vithal Thatkar
Background: India has a growing trend of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) due to shifting lifestyle. Objective: To study the profile of patients died due to AMI and to find its risk correlates. Methods: A study was conducted on consecutive AMI cases admitted in the teaching hospital at Port Blair from April 2011 to March 2016. During inpatients management, outcomes were followed up from admission till discharge or expiry. Results: Of the total 491 cases, majority (75...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414859/the-assessment-of-bone-regulatory-pathways-bone-turnover-and-bone-mineral-density-in-vegetarian-and-omnivorous-children
#5
Jadwiga Ambroszkiewicz, Magdalena Chełchowska, Katarzyna Szamotulska, Grażyna Rowicka, Witold Klemarczyk, Małgorzata Strucińska, Joanna Gajewska
Vegetarian diets contain many beneficial properties as well as carry a risk of inadequate intakes of several nutrients important to bone health. The aim of the study was to evaluate serum levels of bone metabolism markers and to analyze the relationships between biochemical bone markers and anthropometric parameters in children on vegetarian and omnivorous diets. The study included 70 prepubertal children on a lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet and 60 omnivorous children. Body composition, bone mineral content (BMC), and bone mineral density (BMD) were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
February 7, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397564/orthorexic-and-restrained-eating-behaviour-in-vegans-vegetarians-and-individuals-on-a-diet
#6
Friederike Barthels, Frank Meyer, Reinhard Pietrowsky
PURPOSE: Orthorexic eating behaviour, restrained eating, and veganism/vegetarianism are food selection strategies sharing several characteristics. Since there are no studies investigating their interrelationships, aim of the present study was to analyse orthorexic and restrained eating behaviour in (1) a sample of vegans and vegetarians and (2) a sample of individuals on a diet to lose weight. METHOD: Division of samples according to pre-defined criteria in (1) vegans (n = 114), vegetarians (n = 63), individuals with rare meat consumption (n = 83) and individuals with frequent meat consumption (n = 91) and in (2) participants on a diet with dietary change (n = 104), without dietary change (n = 37) and a control group of individuals not on a diet (n = 258)...
February 3, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387815/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effects-of-high-p-rotein-c-omplete-l-a-cto-ve-geta-r-ian-pacer-diet-in-non-diabetic-obese-asian-indians-in-north-india
#7
Swati Bhardwaj, Anoop Misra, Seema Gulati, Shajith Anoop, Vineet Kumar Kamal, Ravindra Mohan Pandey
In view of the increasing prevalence of obesity in largely vegetarian Asian Indians, it is important to research a high protein, low carbohydrate vegetarian diet. The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of a "High P rotein C omplete (lacto) V E geta R ian Diet (Acronym; 'PACER diet'), on weight, body composition and metabolic profiles in non-diabetic obese Asian Indians living in north India. In this 8-week randomized control trial, 102 vegetarian subjects with body mass index (BMI) >25 kg/m 2 were randomized to either a test diet (PACER diet; high protein, high fat and moderately low carbohydrate, lacto-vegetarian diet) or control diet (standard vegetarian diet formulated as the dietary guidelines for Asian Indians) after 4 weeks of diet and exercise run-in period...
December 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386724/osteoporosis-among-household-women-a-growing-but-neglected-phenomenon
#8
R N Hiremath, A K Yadav, Sandhya Ghodke, Jyoti Yadav, Sumit Latwal, Atul Kotwal
Background: Osteoporosis is associated with variable morbidity and socio-economic burden and referred as a "silent epidemic" with increasing risk among Indian women. The present study was conducted to find prevalence of osteoporosis. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Ranchi city with household women as participants. Data was collected by means of pre-tested structured questionnaire in Hindi language and bone status was screened utilizing calcaneal quantitative ultrasound as a diagnostic tool to estimate bone mineral density from 223 participants and statistical analysis was performed with SPSS software...
January 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353152/tgf%C3%AE-c-509t-tgf%C3%AE-t869c-xrcc1-arg194trp-ikb%C3%AE-c642t-il4-c-590t-genetic-polymorphisms-combined-with-socio-economic-lifestyle-diet-factors-and-gastric-cancer-risk-a-case-control-study-in-south-indian-population
#9
Dhayalan Pavithra, Majumdar Gautam, Ranganathan Rama, Rajaraman Swaminathan, Gopisetty Gopal, Ayyalur Seshadri Ramakrishnan, Thangarajan Rajkumar
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is worldwide the third major cause of cancer related death. Risk factors for gastric cancer includes Helicobacter pylori infection, gastric ulcer, less hygienic condition, use of tobacco, alcohol consumption, use of salted, smoked food, genetic alterations etc. In order to identify the risk factors associated with gastric cancer in South Indian population a case-control study involving 200 proven gastric cancer cases and 400 controls was conducted. METHODS: A structured questionnaire was used to interview all the subjects who participated in our study...
January 17, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336622/nutritional-supplement-and-functional-food-use-among-medical-students-in-india
#10
Nitin Joseph, Abhinav Kumar, Harjas Singh, Mohammed Shaheen, Kriti Das, Apurva Shrivastava
This study was conducted to assess the pattern of use of nutritional supplements (NSs) and functional foods (FFs), reasons for their use, factors influencing their use, and perception toward their use among medical students. Data were collected from 400 randomly chosen participants using a self-administered semistructured questionnaire. The most common source of information on these substances was from medical professionals (n = 140 [35%]). Multivitamins were consumed by 48 (45.3%) participants. Most common reasons stated for the use of supplements were for good health (n = 39 [36...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320401/mediterranean-diet-and-other-dietary-patterns-in-primary-prevention-of-heart-failure-and-changes-in-cardiac-function-markers-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Karina Sanches Machado d'Almeida, Stefanny Ronchi Spillere, Priccila Zuchinali, Gabriela Corrêa Souza
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a complex syndrome and is recognized as the ultimate pathway of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Studies using nutritional strategies based on dietary patterns have proved to be effective for the prevention and treatment of CVD. Although there are studies that support the protective effect of these diets, their effects on the prevention of HF are not clear yet. METHODS: We searched the Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases for studies that examined dietary patterns, such as dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH diet), paleolithic, vegetarian, low-carb and low-fat diets and prevention of HF...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319158/effect-of-restriction-vegan-diet-s-on-muscle-mass-oxidative-status-and-myocytes-differentiation-a-pilot-study
#12
D Vanacore, G Messina, S Lama, G Bitti, P Ambrosio, G C Tenore, A Messina, V Monda, S Zappavigna, M Boccellino, E Novellino, M Monda, P Stiuso
This study was conceived to evaluate the effects of three different diets on body composition, metabolic parameters and serum oxidative status. We enrolled three groups of healthy men (omnivores, vegetarians and vegans) with similar age, weight and BMI and we observed a significant decrease in muscle mass index and lean body mass in vegan compared to vegetarian and omnivore groups, and higher serum homocysteine levels in vegetarians and vegans compared to omnivores. We studied whether serum from omnivore, vegetarian and vegan subjects affected oxidative stress, growth and differentiation of both cardiomyoblast cell line H9c2 and H-H9c2 (H9c2 treated with H2 O2 to induce oxidative damage)...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307071/dietary-exposure-to-hch-and-ddt-congeners-and-their-associated-cancer-risk-based-on-pakistani-food-consumption
#13
Muhammad Aamir, Sardar Khan, Gang Li
Dietary exposure to organochlorine pesticides such as hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) congeners was assessed using diet study approach, and for this purpose, different food items were collected in August 2014. The levels of ∑(HCHs + DDTs) in different food groups were ranged from 2.57 to 206 ng g-1, ww, with contamination order of fish > poultry > milk > vegetables > cereals > flour > fruits. In the present study, the ratios of β-HCH/∑HCH (0.19-0...
January 6, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304010/soy-soy-foods-and-their-role-in-vegetarian-diets
#14
REVIEW
Gianluca Rizzo, Luciana Baroni
Soy is a basic food ingredient of traditional Asian cuisine used for thousands of years. In Western countries, soybeans have been introduced about a hundred years ago and recently they are mainly used for surrogate foods production. Soy and soy foods are common nutritional solutions for vegetarians, due to their high protein content and versatility in the production of meat analogues and milk substitutes. However, there are some doubts about the potential effects on health, such as the effectiveness on cardiovascular risk reduction or, conversely, on the possible disruption of thyroid function and sexual hormones...
January 5, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302906/toxic-heavy-metals-in-human-blood-in-relation-to-certain-food-and-environmental-samples-in-kerala-south-india
#15
Anitha Jose, Joseph George Ray
Toxic heavy metals such as arsenic (As), lead (Pb), and mercury (Hg) are systemic toxicants that are hazardous to human health. However, as these elements are increasing in the environment due to fast urbanization, industrialization, and chemicalized agricultural activities, accumulation of the same in human body anywhere in the world is quite interesting to global assessment of environment quality. In this connection, random examination of blood samples of human population in Kerala, South India, was carried out to assess the threat of heavy metal contamination to humans in this part of the globe, especially in relation to the amount of such metals in food and other environmental samples...
January 4, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302846/a-network-meta-analysis-on-the-comparative-efficacy-of-different-dietary-approaches-on-glycaemic-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Lukas Schwingshackl, Anna Chaimani, Georg Hoffmann, Carolina Schwedhelm, Heiner Boeing
The aim of the present study is to assess the comparative efficacy of different dietary approaches on glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus using a systematic review of the literature. Electronic and hand searches were performed until July 2017. The inclusion criteria were defined as follows: (1) randomized trial with a dietary approach; (2) adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus; (3) outcome either HbA1c (%) and/or fasting glucose (mmol/l); (4) minimum intervention period of 12 weeks. For each outcome measure, random effects network meta-analysis was performed in order to determine the pooled effect of each intervention relative to each of the other interventions...
January 4, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289517/-dietary-acid-load-a-novel-target-for-the-nephrologist
#17
Philippe Chauveau, Catherine Lasseur, Céline Nodimar, Mathilde Prezelin-Reydit, Stanislas Trolonge, Christian Combe, Michel Aparicio
The acid production of endogenous origin depends mainly on the metabolism of the food and varies with the nature of these. Of the order of 1mEq/kg/day for contemporary food in industrialized countries, it is reduced by more than one third among vegetarians and close to neutrality among vegans. The dietary acid load is eliminated by the normal kidneys, thus maintaining the acid-base equilibrium. In the setting of CKD, it will overflow the capacities of the nephrons, generating a retention of H+ ions, promoting subclinical acidosis...
December 27, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284719/cross-sectional-analyses-of-participation-in-cancer-screening-and-use-of-hormone-replacement-therapy-and-medications-in-meat-eaters-and-vegetarians-the-epic-oxford-study
#18
Tammy Y N Tong, Paul N Appleby, Kathryn E Bradbury, Timothy J Key
OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in health-related behaviours such as screening or testing for cancer, use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and use of other medications in different diet groups. DESIGN: We studied 31 260 participants across four diet groups (18 155 meat eaters, 5012 fish eaters, 7179 vegetarians, 914 vegans) in the UK EPIC-Oxford cohort. Information was collected in 5-year (around 2000-2003) or 10-year (around 2007) follow-up questionnaires regarding participation in breast screening, cervical screening, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing, use of HRT and use of medications for the past 4 weeks...
December 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225142/ethical-concerns-regarding-animal-use-mediate-the-relationship-between-variety-of-pets-owned-in-childhood-and-vegetarianism-in-adulthood
#19
Sydney Heiss, Julia M Hormes
Plant-based and vegetarian diets have been shown to have diverse health and environmental benefits and also serve to reduce farmed animal exploitation. It is therefore worthwhile to gain a better understanding of the factors that play a role in the decision to refrain from animal products. Past studies have shown that childhood pet ownership predicts the likelihood of adherence to a vegetarian diet in adulthood. Building on this research, we tested the hypothesis that the number of different types of pets owned in childhood is positively associated with degree of restriction of animal products in adulthood, and that this relationship is mediated by pro-animal attitudes...
December 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219869/comparison-of-vegetarian-versus-animal-based-low-protein-diets-on-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rates-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-systematic-review-protocol
#20
Kruti Patel, Kim W Hoover
The objective of this review is to evaluate studies to determine the effect of a low-protein, vegetarian diet as compared to a low-protein, animal-based diet on estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) in adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD).
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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