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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673005/seroepidemiological-map-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-and-associated-risk-factors-in-preconception-period-in-china-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#1
Qiongjie Zhou, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Shikun Zhang, Xiaotian Li, Ganesh Acharya
AIM: The aims of this study were to investigate the regional differences in seroepidemiology of toxoplasmosis in preconception period among Chinese women of reproductive age and to evaluate associated risk factors. METHODS: This national, population-based, cross-sectional serosurvey covered all 31 provinces and province-level municipalities in Mainland China. Married women intending to get pregnant within 6 months between 2010 and 2012 were recruited. Information on demographic characteristics (age, place of residence, occupation, dietary habits and exposure to cat) was obtained using interviews, and venous blood samples were collected to screen for Toxoplasma gondii infection...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670913/vegetarian-diet-and-cardiometabolic-risk-among-asian-indians-in-the-united-states
#2
Ranjita Misra, Padmini Balagopal, Sudha Raj, Thakor G Patel
Research studies have shown that plant-based diets confer cardiovascular and metabolic health benefits. Asian Indians (AIs) in the US (who have often followed plant-based diets) have elevated risk for chronic diseases such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and obesity suggesting ethnic vulnerability that imply genetic and/or lifestyle causative links. This study explored the association between this ethnic group and diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome after controlling for demographics, acculturation, family history of diabetes, and lifestyle and clinical risk factors...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659968/healthy-plant-based-diets-are-associated-with-lower-risk-of-all-cause-mortality-in-us-adults
#3
Hyunju Kim, Laura E Caulfield, Casey M Rebholz
Background: Plant-based diets, often referred to as vegetarian diets, are associated with health benefits. However, the association with mortality is less clear. Objective: We investigated associations between plant-based diet indexes and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in a nationally representative sample of US adults. Methods: Analyses were based on 11,879 participants (20-80 y of age) from NHANES III (1988-1994) linked to data on all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality through 2011...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653365/bene%C3%AF-cial-health-effects-of-lupenone-triterpene-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Feng Xu, Xulong Huang, Hongmei Wu, Xiangpei Wang
There are a large number of new structure compounds with good pharmacological activity in the natural plants, can be applied to the treatment of human diseases. Finding active ingredients from the plants is one of the important ways to develop new drugs. Triterpenes are widespread in plants, and lupenone belongs to lupane type triterpenoids. Lupenone is very common natural ingredient distributed in multi-family plants including Asteraceae, Balanophoraceae, Cactaceae, Iridaceae, Musaceae, Urticaceae, Leguminosae, Bombacaceae, etc...
April 10, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621406/is-a-vegetarian-diet-safe-to-follow-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#5
Chang Tan, Yudi Zhao, Suqing Wang
BACKGROUND: Whether a vegetarian diet is appropriate for pregnancy remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the association between vegetarian diet during pregnancy and various maternal-fetal outcomes. METHOD: PubMed-Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for relevant articles published by August 30, 2017. Quantitative data were analyzed by a random-effects model with pooled odds ratios or weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence interval as aggregate estimations...
April 5, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619220/development-of-the-recovery-from-eating-disorders-for-life-food-guide-real-food-guide-a-food-pyramid-for-adults-with-an-eating-disorder
#6
Susan Hart, Claire Marnane, Caitlin McMaster, Angela Thomas
Background: There is limited evidence to inform nutrition and dietetic interventions for individuals with eating disorders even though it is recommended as an essential part of multidisciplinary management. There is minimal guidance, an absence of standardised nutrition educational material, and no research on how best to educate patients on healthy eating and how to achieve nutrition adequacy. Therefore the REAL Food Guide was developed. Methods: The REAL Food Guide is a pyramid with four layers and key nutrition messages beside each layer that was conceived to address gaps in nutrition education and intervention for individuals with eating disorders...
2018: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618018/patterns-of-plant-and-animal-protein-intake-are-strongly-associated-with-cardiovascular-mortality-the-adventist-health-study-2-cohort
#7
Marion Tharrey, François Mariotti, Andrew Mashchak, Pierre Barbillon, Maud Delattre, Gary E Fraser
Background: Current evidence suggests that plant and animal proteins are intimately associated with specific large nutrient clusters that may explain part of their complex relation with cardiovascular health. We aimed at evaluating the association between specific patterns of protein intake with cardiovascular mortality. Methods: We selected 81 337 men and women from the Adventist Health Study-2. Diet was assessed between 2002 and 2007, by using a validated food frequency questionnaire...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615084/the-association-between-self-rated-health-and-social-environments-health-behaviors-and-health-outcomes-a-structural-equation-analysis
#8
Bevan Adrian Craig, Darren Peter Morton, Peter John Morey, Lillian Marton Kent, Alva Barry Gane, Terry Leslie Butler, Paul Meredith Rankin, Kevin Ross Price
BACKGROUND: The factors shaping the health of the current generation of adolescents are multi-dimensional and complex. The purpose of this study was to explore the determinants of self-rated health (SRH) of adolescents attending a faith-based school system in Australia. METHODS: A total of 788 students attending 21 Seventh-day Adventist schools in Australia responded to a health and lifestyle survey that assessed SRH as well as potential determinants of SRH including the health outcomes mental health, vitality, body mass index (BMI), select health behaviors, social factors and personal demographics...
April 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611208/the-effect-of-on-line-hemodiafiltration-vegetarian-diet-and-urine-volume-on-advanced-glycosylation-end-products-measured-by-changes-in-skin-auto-fluorescence
#9
Arkom Nongnuch, Andrew Davenport
Increasing urea clearance by hemodialysis (HD) has not improved patient survival. Hemodiafiltration (HDF) has been reported to reduce cardiovascular mortality. HDF increases middle sized solute clearances. Advanced glycosylation end products (AGEs) are associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. We wished to determine whether HDF reduces AGEs. Skin auto-fluorescence (SAF) measures circulating AGEs deposited in the skin. We compared SAF measurements 12 months apart in high flux HD and HDF patients. At enrollment SAF was not different (HD 3...
April 2, 2018: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609869/bone-status-and-adipokine-levels-in-children-on-vegetarian-and-omnivorous-diets
#10
Jadwiga Ambroszkiewicz, Magdalena Chełchowska, Katarzyna Szamotulska, Grażyna Rowicka, Witold Klemarczyk, Małgorzata Strucińska, Joanna Gajewska
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Measurements of bone mineral density (BMD) reflect bone status but not the dynamics of bone turnover. Biochemical markers, which show global skeletal activity, were validated for the assessment of bone formation and resorption processes. Adipokines also play a significant role in the regulation of bone metabolism. OBJECTIVE: To assess body composition, bone mineral density, bone turnover markers and adipokine levels in relation to vegetarian and omnivorous diets...
March 23, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599788/viruses-and-phytoparasitic-nematodes-of-cicer-arietinum-l-biotechnological-approaches-in-interaction-studies-and-for-sustainable-control
#11
REVIEW
Paola Leonetti, Gian Paolo Accotto, Moemen S Hanafy, Vitantonio Pantaleo
Cicer arietinum L. (chickpea) is the world's fourth most widely grown pulse. Chickpea seeds are a primary source of dietary protein for humans, and chickpea cultivation contributes to biological nitrogen fixation in the soil, given its symbiotic relationship with rhizobia. Therefore, chickpea cultivation plays a pivotal role in innovative sustainable models of agro-ecosystems inserted in crop rotation in arid and semi-arid environments for soil improvement and the reduction of chemical inputs. Indeed, the arid and semi-arid tropical zones of Africa and Asia have been primary areas of cultivation and diversification...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576031/reducing-meat-consumption-in-the-usa-a-nationally-representative-survey-of-attitudes-and-behaviours
#12
Roni A Neff, Danielle Edwards, Anne Palmer, Rebecca Ramsing, Allison Righter, Julia Wolfson
OBJECTIVE: Excess meat consumption, particularly of red and processed meats, is associated with nutritional and environmental health harms. While only a small portion of the population is vegetarian, surveys suggest many Americans may be reducing their meat consumption. To inform education campaigns, more information is needed about attitudes, perceptions, behaviours and foods eaten in meatless meals. DESIGN: A web-based survey administered in April 2015 assessed meat reduction behaviours, attitudes, what respondents ate in meatless meals and sociodemographic characteristics...
March 26, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573154/the-influence-of-dietary-habits-and-meat-consumption-on-plasma-3-methylhistidine-a-potential-marker-for-muscle-protein-turnover
#13
Bastian Kochlik, Christiana Gerbracht, Tilman Grune, Daniela Weber
SCOPE: 3-Methylhistidine (3-MH) as a potential biomarker for muscle protein turnover is influenced by meat intake but data on the impact of meat on plasma 3-MH are scarce. We determined the association of plasma 3-MH, 1-methylhistidine (1-MH) and creatinine (Crea) with dietary habits and assessed the impact of a single white meat intervention during a meat-free period. METHODS AND RESULTS: Plasma 3-MH, 1-MH and creatinine concentrations of healthy young omnivores (n = 19) and vegetarians (n = 16) were analyzed together with data on anthropometry, body composition, grip strength and nutrition...
March 23, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569535/changing-to-a-vegetarian-diet-reduces-the-body-creatine-pool-in-omnivorous-women-but-appears-not-to-affect-carnitine-and-carnosine-homeostasis-a-randomised-trial
#14
Laura Blancquaert, Audrey Baguet, Tine Bex, Anneke Volkaert, Inge Everaert, Joris Delanghe, Mirko Petrovic, Chris Vervaet, Stefaan De Henauw, Dumitru Constantin-Teodosiu, Paul Greenhaff, Wim Derave
Balanced vegetarian diets are popular, although they are nearly absent in creatine and carnosine and contain considerably less carnitine than non-vegetarian diets. Few longitudinal intervention studies investigating the effect of a vegetarian diet on the availability of these compounds currently exist. We aimed to investigate the effect of transiently switching omnivores onto a vegetarian diet for 6 months on muscle and plasma creatine, carnitine and carnosine homeostasis. In a 6-month intervention, forty omnivorous women were ascribed to three groups: continued omnivorous diet (control, n 10), vegetarian diet without supplementation (Veg+Pla, n 15) and vegetarian diet combined with daily β-alanine (0·8-0·4 g/d) and creatine supplementation (1 g creatine monohydrate/d) (Veg+Suppl, n 15)...
April 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567617/health-related-quality-of-life-and-its-associated-factors-among-community-dwelling-older-people-in-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Hewaratne Dassanayakege Wimala Thushari Damayanthi, Foong Ming Moy, Khatijah Lim Abdullah, Samath Dhamminda Dharmaratne
BACKGROUND: Population ageing has become a public health issue as it is associated with increased morbidity, institutionalization and death. These may directly affect health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of older people. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate HRQOL and its associated factors among community-dwelling older people in Kandy district, Sri Lanka. METHOD: This cross-sectional survey involved 1300 older people. The Euro 5D-3L, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, body mass index, handgrip strength were used to measure HRQOL, physical activity and nutritional status of older people respectively...
March 16, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564745/is-orthorexic-behavior-common-in-the-general-public-a-large-representative-study-in-germany
#16
Claudia Luck-Sikorski, Franziska Jung, Katharina Schlosser, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
PURPOSE: Orthorexia is described as a strict, health-oriented eating pattern with clinically significant impairment in everyday life. Its prevalence varied widely in previous studies due to heterogenous assessment procedures. Determinants for the eating pattern and its prevalence have not been investigated in larger representative studies. METHODS: A population-based telephone survey in Germany was conducted in n = 1007 participants. The Dusseldorf Orthorexia Scale with a cut-off of 30 was used to assess orthorexic behavior...
March 21, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559876/dietary-glycine-is-rate-limiting-for-glutathione-synthesis-and-may-have-broad-potential-for-health-protection
#17
REVIEW
Mark F McCarty, James H O'Keefe, James J DiNicolantonio
Background: Glutathione is a key scavenging antioxidant that opposes the proinflammatory signaling of hydrogen peroxide. Boosting cellular glutathione levels may have broad utility in the prevention and treatment of disorders driven by oxidative stress. Supplemental N-acetylcysteine has been employed for this purpose. Could supplemental glycine likewise promote glutathione synthesis? Methods: We conducted a review of the pertinent literature using PubMed. Results: Tissue glycine levels are lower than the glutathione synthase Michaelis constant (Km ) for glycine...
2018: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556222/assessing-the-influence-of-vegan-vegetarian-and-omnivore-oriented-westernized-dietary-styles-on-human-gut-microbiota-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Carmen Losasso, Ester M Eckert, Eleonora Mastrorilli, Jorg Villiger, Marzia Mancin, Ilaria Patuzzi, Andrea Di Cesare, Veronica Cibin, Federica Barrucci, Jakob Pernthaler, Gianluca Corno, Antonia Ricci
Diet and lifestyle have a strong influence on gut microbiota, which in turn has important implications on a variety of health-related aspects. Despite great advances in the field, it remains unclear to which extent the composition of the gut microbiota is modulated by the intake of animal derived products, compared to a vegetable based diet. Here the specific impact of vegan, vegetarian, and omnivore feeding type on the composition of gut microbiota of 101 adults was investigated among groups homogeneous for variables known to have a role in modulating gut microbial composition such as age, anthropometric variables, ethnicity, and geographic area...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549240/vegetarian-diet-change-in-dietary-patterns-and-diabetes-risk-a-prospective-study
#19
Tina H T Chiu, Wen-Harn Pan, Ming-Nan Lin, Chin-Lon Lin
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vegetarian diets are inversely associated with diabetes in Westerners but their impact on Asians-whose pathophysiology differ from Westerners-is unknown. We aim to investigate the association between a vegetarian diet, change in dietary patterns and diabetes risk in a Taiwanese Buddhist population. METHODS: We prospectively followed 2918 non-smoking, non-alcohol drinking Buddhists free of diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular diseases at baseline, for a median of 5 years, with 183 incident diabetes cases confirmed...
March 9, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535404/dietary-patterns-are-associated-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-symptoms-among-preschoolers-in-mainland-china
#20
Shuangqin Yan, Hui Cao, Chunli Gu, Lingling Ni, Huihui Tao, Ting Shao, Yeqing Xu, Fangbiao Tao
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To identify the major dietary patterns among preschoolers and assess the relation of major dietary patterns to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). SUBJECTS/METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted comprising a large sample of 14,912 children aged 3-6 years old in Ma'anshan city of Anhui Province in China. A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire and the 10-item Chinese version of the Conners' abbreviated symptom questionnaire were administered to assess usual dietary intakes and ADHD...
March 13, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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