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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219869/comparison-of-vegetarian-versus-animal-based-low-protein-diets-on-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rates-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-systematic-review-protocol
#1
Kruti Patel, Kim W Hoover
The objective of this review is to evaluate studies to determine the effect of a low-protein, vegetarian diet as compared to a low-protein, animal-based diet on estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) in adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD).
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215425/vegetarian-diet-during-pregnancy-making-sure-vitamin-b12-intake-is-adequate
#2
Denise Snow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211775/potential-to-curb-the-environmental-burdens-of-american-beef-consumption-using-a-novel-plant-based-beef-substitute
#3
Benjamin Goldstein, Rebekah Moses, Norman Sammons, Morten Birkved
The food demands of the United States (US) impart significant environmental pressures. The high rate of consumption of beef has been shown to be the largest driver of food-borne greenhouse gas emissions, water use and land occupation in the US diet. The environmental benefits of substituting animal products with vegetal foods are well documented, but significant psychological barriers persist in reducing meat consumption. Here we use life cycle assessment to appraise the environmental performance of a novel vegetal protein source in the mean US diet where it replaces ground beef, and in vegetarian and vegan diets where it substitutes for legumes, tofu and other protein sources...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209497/long-chain-n-3-pufa-in-vegetarian-women-a-metabolic-perspective
#4
REVIEW
Graham C Burdge, Sze-Yen Tan, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
Vegetarian diets have been associated with health benefits, but paradoxically are low in EPA and DHA which are important for development, particularly of the central nervous system, and for health. Humans have limited capacity for synthesis of EPA and DHA from α-linolenic acid, although this is greater in women than men. Oily fish and, to a lesser extent, dairy foods and meat are the primary sources of EPA and DHA in the diet. Exclusion of these foods from the diet by vegetarians is associated consistently with lower EPA and DHA status in vegetarian women compared with omnivores...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207491/dietary-intake-of-high-protein-foods-and-other-major-foods-in-meat-eaters-poultry-eaters-fish-eaters-vegetarians-and-vegans-in-uk-biobank
#5
Kathryn E Bradbury, Tammy Y N Tong, Timothy J Key
Vegetarian diets are defined by the absence of meat and fish, but differences in the intake of other foods between meat-eaters and low or non-meat eaters are also important to document. We examined intakes of high-protein foods (meat, poultry, fish, legumes, nuts, vegetarian protein alternatives, dairy products, and eggs) and other major food groups (fruit, vegetables, bread, pasta, rice, snack foods, and beverages) in regular meat-eaters, low meat-eaters, poultry-eaters, fish-eaters, vegetarians, and vegans of white ethnicity participating in UK Biobank who had completed at least one web-based 24-h dietary assessment (n = 199,944)...
December 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206878/predictors-of-mercury-lead-cadmium-and-antimony-status-in-norwegian-never-pregnant-women-of-fertile-age
#6
Christina Herland Fløtre, Kristin Varsi, Thea Helm, Bjørn Bolann, Anne-Lise Bjørke-Monsen
BACKGROUND: The toxic trace elements mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and antimony (Sb) are transferred over the placenta to the fetus and secreted into the breastmilk. All four elements bioaccumulate in the body and as maternal age at delivery is increasing in industrialized countries, the burden of toxic trace elements in never-pregnant women of fertile age is of concern. METHODS: Healthy, never-pregnant women aged 18 to 40 years (n = 158) were recruited between June 2012 and March 2015 in Bergen, Norway...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177204/nutritional-renaissance-and-public-health-policy
#7
T C Campbell
The science of nutrition has long been entrapped in reductionist interpretation of details, a source of great confusion. However, if nutrition is defined as the integration of countless nutrient factors, metabolic reactions and outcomes, biologically orchestrated as in symphony, its relevance for personal and public health would be less confusing and more productive. This more wholistic interpretation may be observed at the cellular and physiological levels and may be described, in part, by the concept of pleiotropy (multiple cell-based effects from one nutrient source), together with its more expansive cousin, epitropy (multiple cell-based effects from multiple nutrients)...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174030/position-paper-on-vegetarian-diets-from-the-working-group-of-the-italian-society-of-human-nutrition
#8
C Agnoli, L Baroni, I Bertini, S Ciappellano, A Fabbri, M Papa, N Pellegrini, R Sbarbati, M L Scarino, V Siani, S Sieri
BACKGROUND: Interest in vegetarian diets is growing in Italy and elsewhere, as government agencies and health/nutrition organizations are emphasizing that regular consumption of plant foods may provide health benefits and help prevent certain diseases. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a Pubmed search, up to September, 2015, for studies on key nutrients (proteins, vitamin B12, iron, zinc, calcium, vitamin D, and n-3 fatty acids) in vegetarian diets. From 295 eligible publications the following emerged: Vegetarians should be encouraged to supplement their diets with a reliable source of vitamin B12 (vitamin-fortified foods or supplements)...
October 31, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173121/fueling-for-performance
#9
Jeffrey R Bytomski
CONTEXT: Proper nutrition is crucial for an athlete to optimize his or her performance for training and competition. Athletes should be able to meet their dietary needs through eating a wide variety of whole food sources. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed was searched for relevant articles published from 1980 to 2016. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical review. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 4. RESULTS: An athlete should have both daily and activity-specific goals for obtaining the fuel necessary for successful training...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172662/-maternal-and-neonatal-vitamin-b12-deficiency-detected-by-expanded-newborn-screening
#10
Ferenc Papp, Gábor Rácz, István Lénárt, Jenő Kóbor, Csaba Bereczki, Eszter Karg, Ákos Baráth
INTRODUCTION: Infant vitamin B12 deficiency can manifest as a severe neurodegenerative disorder and is usually caused by maternal deficiency due to vegetarian diet or pernicious anaemia. Its early recognition and treatment can prevent potentially serious and irreversible neurologic damage. Biochemically, vitamin B12 deficiency leads to an accumulation of methylmalonic acid, homocysteine, and propionylcarnitine. Expanded newborn screening using tandem mass spectrometry may identify neonatal and maternal vitamin B12 deficiency by measurement of propionylcarnitine and other metabolites in the dried blood spot sample of newborns...
December 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161815/bioactive-compounds-of-edible-purple-laver-porphyra-sp-nori
#11
Tomohiro Bito, Fei Teng, Fumio Watanabe
Porphyra sp. (nori) is widely cultivated as an important marine crop. Dried nori contains numerous nutrients including vitamin B12, which is the only vitamin absent from plant-derived food sources. Vegetarian diets are relatively low in iron and vitamin B12; depletion of both causes severe anemia. Nori also contains considerable amounts of iron compared with other plant-derived foods and eicosapentaenoic acid, which is an important fatty acid found in fish oils. In nori, there are also many bioactive compounds exhibiting various pharmacological activities, such as immunomodulation, anticancer, antihyperlipidemic, and antioxidative activities...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145911/hepatitis-e-virus-infection-in-north-italy-high-seroprevalence-in-swine-herds-and-increased-risk-for-swine-workers
#12
L Mughini-Gras, G Angeloni, C Salata, N Vonesch, W D'Amico, G Campagna, A Natale, F Zuliani, L Ceglie, I Monne, M Vascellari, K Capello, G DI Martino, N Inglese, G Palù, P Tomao, L Bonfanti
We determined the hepatitis E virus (HEV) seroprevalence and detection rate in commercial swine herds in Italy's utmost pig-rich area, and assessed HEV seropositivity risk in humans as a function of occupational exposure to pigs, diet, foreign travel, medical history and hunting activities. During 2011-2014, 2700 sera from 300 swine herds were tested for anti-HEV IgG. HEV RNA was searched in 959 faecal pools from HEV-seropositive herds and in liver/bile/muscle samples from 179 pigs from HEV-positive herds. A cohort study of HEV seropositivity in swine workers (n = 149) was also performed using two comparison groups of people unexposed to swine: omnivores (n = 121) and vegetarians/vegans (n = 115)...
November 17, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145461/climate-change-mitigation-opportunities-based-on-carbon-footprint-estimates-of-dietary-patterns-in-peru
#13
Ian Vázquez-Rowe, Gustavo Larrea-Gallegos, Pedro Villanueva-Rey, Alessandro Gilardino
Food consumption accounts for an important proportion of the world GHG emissions per capita. Previous studies have delved into the nature of dietary patterns, showing that GHG reductions can be achieved in diets if certain foods are consumed rather than other, more GHG intensive products. For instance, vegetarian and low-meat diets have proved to be less carbon intensive than diets that are based on ruminant meat. These environmental patterns, increasingly analyzed in developed nations, are yet to be assessed in countries liked Peru where food purchase represents a relatively high percentage of the average household expenditure, ranging from 38% to 51% of the same...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137685/nutrition-research-in-cognitive-impairment-dementia-with-a-focus-on-soya-and-folate
#14
Eef Hogervorst, Shelina Kassam, Atik Kridawati, Mira Soni, Xu Xin, Xiao Shifu, Tri Budi Rahardjo
Observational studies and treatment trials investigating nutrition and cognitive function, with a focus on folate and soya and dementia, were reviewed. Data suggested that effects of folic acid based interventions may only be shown before cognitive decline is evident and/or if people are folate deficient. In older people in Indonesia, Hawai'i and China, tofu, which can contain high levels of phytoestrogens, was found to increase dementia risk. This association was not mediated by a vegetarian diet, socioeconomic status, formaldehyde, thyroid function, or loss of teeth...
November 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134507/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-orthorexia-nervosa-in-a-sample-of-university-students-in-italy
#15
L Dell'Osso, Barbara Carpita, D Muti, I M Cremone, G Massimetti, E Diadema, C Gesi, C Carmassi
AIMS: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) has been recently defined as a pathological approach to feeding related to healthiness concerns and purity of food and/or feeding habits. This condition recently showed an increasing prevalence particularly among young adults. In order to investigate the prevalence of ON and its relationship with gender and nutritional style among young adults, we explored a sample of students from the University of Pisa, Italy. METHODS: Assessments included the ORTO-15 questionnaire and a socio-demographic and eating habits form...
November 13, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113145/associations-between-nut-consumption-and-health-vary-between-omnivores-vegetarians-and-vegans
#16
Rachel C Brown, Andrew R Gray, Siew Ling Tey, Alexandra Chisholm, Victoria Burley, Darren C Greenwood, Janet Cade
Regular nut consumption is associated with reduced risk factors for chronic disease; however, most population-based studies lack consideration of effect modification by dietary pattern. The UK Women's Cohort Study (UKWCS) provides an ideal opportunity to examine relationships between nut consumption and chronic disease risk factors in a large sample with diverse dietary patterns. Nut and nutrient intake from 34,831 women was estimated using a food frequency questionnaire among self-identified omnivores, vegetarians and vegans...
November 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091812/food-restriction-followed-by-refeeding-with-a-casein-or-whey-based-diet-differentially-affects-the-gut-microbiota-of-pre-pubertal-male-rats
#17
Majdi Masarwi, Hadas Isaac Solnik, Moshe Phillip, Sima Yaron, Raanan Shamir, Metsada Pasmanic-Chor, Galia Gat-Yablonski
Researchers are gaining an increasing understanding of host-gut microbiota interactions, but studies of the role of gut microbiota in linear growth are scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of food restriction and refeeding with different diets on gut microbiota composition in fast-growing rats. Young male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed regular rat chow ad libitum (control group) or subjected to 40% food restriction for 36 days followed by continued restriction or ad libitum refeeding for 24 days...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067566/diet-gut-microbiota-and-vitamins-d-%C3%A2-a-in-multiple-sclerosis
#18
REVIEW
Paolo Riccio, Rocco Rossano
Central to the understanding of the relationships between diet, gut microbiota, and vitamins D and A in multiple sclerosis is low-grade inflammation, which is involved in all chronic inflammatory diseases and is influenced by each of the above effectors. We show that food components have either proinflammatory or anti-inflammatory effects and influence both the human metabolism (the "metabolome") and the composition of gut microbiota. Hypercaloric, high-animal-fat Western diets favor anabolism and change gut microbiota composition towards dysbiosis...
October 24, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063379/dietary-patterns-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
REVIEW
M Carolina Archundia Herrera, Fatheema B Subhan, Catherine B Chan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The primary objective of this review is to identify dietary patterns with beneficial effects on cardiovascular health of adults with type 2 diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of diabetes is increasing globally. People with diabetes have a greater risk for cardiovascular disease. Mediterranean diet, dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet, vegetarian diet, traditional Korean diet, Japanese diet, and low-glycemic-index diet can reduce cardiovascular disease risk in people with diabetes...
October 23, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058160/equivalent-reduction-in-greenhouse-gas-emissions-by-mahayana-buddhists-practicing-vegetarian-diets
#20
Ampere A Tseng
The equivalent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (GHGEs) by Mahayana Buddhists with vegetarian diets is quantitatively evaluated. The Buddhists in seven Mahayana-dominated countries or regions, i.e., China, Japan, Vietnam, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore, are studied. Assessments of the vegetarian population among these Mahayana-dominated countries or regions are performed. Correlation formulas based on data from a national survey are developed to quantify the GHGEs of various dietary groups by using the meat consumption as the only required input...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
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