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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207878/attitudes-to-in-vitro-meat-a-survey-of-potential-consumers-in-the-united-states
#1
Matti Wilks, Clive J C Phillips
Positivity towards meat consumption remains strong, despite evidence of negative environmental and ethical outcomes. Although awareness of these repercussions is rising, there is still public resistance to removing meat from our diets. One potential method to alleviate these effects is to produce in vitro meat: meat grown in a laboratory that does not carry the same environmental or ethical concerns. However, there is limited research examining public attitudes towards in vitro meat, thus we know little about the capacity for it be accepted by consumers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179126/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-mothers-neonates-and-children
#2
Deena H Elsori, Majeda S Hammoud
Vitamin D is produced in response to the exposure of skin to sunlight through UV-B synthesis. It can also be obtained from diet and dietary supplements. Vitamin D is essential for strong bones as it helps to absorb calcium from diet. Vitamin D deficiency mainly occurs if strict vegetarian diet is followed as mostly the source of vitamin D is animal based; therefore, exposure to sunlight is restricted or having dark skin color. Low vitamin D levels results in increased possibility of gestational diabetes among pregnant women, low birth weight and pre-eclampsia in infants, and mothers may suffer bone impairment, osteoporosis, hypocalcaemia, and hypertension...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173007/p711-vegetarian-or-gluten-free-diet-in-patients-with-ibd-associated-with-lower-psychological-well-being-and-quality-of-life-but-no-indication-of-beneficial-effects-on-course-of-disease
#3
P Schreiner, J-B Rossel, J Zeitz, B Misselwitz, S Scharl, M Scharl, P Frei, S Vavricka, V Pittet, G Rogler, L Biedermann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140320/alignment-of-healthy-dietary-patterns-and-environmental-sustainability-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Miriam E Nelson, Michael W Hamm, Frank B Hu, Steven A Abrams, Timothy S Griffin
To support food security for current and future generations, there is a need to understand the relation between sustainable diets and the health of a population. In recent years, a number of studies have investigated and compared different dietary patterns to better understand which foods and eating patterns have less of an environmental impact while meeting nutritional needs and promoting health. This systematic review (SR) of population-level dietary patterns and food sustainability extends and updates the SR that was conducted by the 2015 US Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, an expert committee commissioned by the federal government to inform dietary guidance as it relates to the committee's original conclusions...
November 2016: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130879/variations-in-dietary-intake-and-plasma-concentration-of-plant-sterols-across-plant-based-diets-among-north-american-adults
#5
Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Dieter Lütjohann, Rawiwan Sirirat, Andrew Mashchak, Gary E Fraser, Ella Haddad
SCOPE: Phytosterols are bioactive compounds in plants with similar cholesterol-lowering properties as vegetarian diets. However, information on phytosterol intake and plasma plant sterols among vegetarians is sparse. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined dietary intake and plasma concentration of plant sterols and cholesterol across five dietary patterns in the Adventist Health Study-2 Calibration Sub-study (n = 861, 66% females, average age 61 y). To measure intake and plasma concentration of these compounds, we used 24-hour dietary recalls and gas-liquid chromatography-flame ionization detection, respectively...
January 28, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128767/chronic-neurodegenerative-illnesses-and-epilepsy-in-danish-adventists-and-baptists-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#6
Lau Caspar Thygesen, Louise NØrreslet Gimsing, Andrea Bautz, Niels Christian Hvidt, Christoffer Johansen
BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge of the influence of lifestyle risk factors and religious living on chronic neurological diseases exist. Seventh-day Adventists (SDA) do not consume tobacco, alcohol, or pork, and many adhere to lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet, and Baptists discourage excessive use of alcohol and tobacco. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether the incidence of four common chronic neurological illnesses: dementia, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and epilepsy in a large cohort of Danish Adventists and Baptists was different compared to the general Danish population...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118496/special-diets-are-common-among-preschool-children-aged-one-to-five-years-in-southeast-sweden-according-to-a-population-based-cross-sectional-survey
#7
Caroline Servin, Sofia Hellerfelt, Christina Botvid, Magnus Ekström
AIM: Information about the prevalence of special diets in preschool children is limited. The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of all special diets among preschool children in a Swedish municipality. METHODS: This was a population-based cross-sectional survey of all 3,276 preschool children aged 1-5 years in the municipality of Karlskrona, Sweden. The questionnaire assessed the number of children at each preschool, how many were on special diets, their dietary requirements, age, sex, whether they had a medical certificate and if the special diet had a perceived medical cause...
January 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101961/antibody-formation-towards-porcine-tissue-in-patients-implanted-with-crosslinked-heart-valves-is-directed-to-antigenic-tissue-proteins-and-%C3%AE-gal-epitopes-and-is-reduced-in-healthy-vegetarian-subjects
#8
Ulrike Böer, Falk F R Buettner, Ariane Schridde, Melanie Klingenberg, Samir Sarikouch, Axel Haverich, Mathias Wilhelmi
BACKGROUND: Glutaraldehyde-fixed porcine heart valves (ga-pV) are one of the most frequently used substitutes for insufficient aortic and pulmonary heart valves which, however, degenerate after 10-15 years. Yet, xeno-immunogenicity of ga-pV in humans including identification of immunogens still needs to be investigated. We here determined the immunogenicity of ga-pV in patients with respect to antibody formation, identity of immunogens and potential options to reduce antibody levels. METHODS: Levels of tissue-specific and anti-αGal antibodies were determined retrospectively in patients who received ga-pV for 51 months (n=4), 25 months (n=6) or 5 months (n=4) and compared to age-matched untreated subjects (n=10) or younger subjects with or without vegetarian diet (n=12/15)...
January 18, 2017: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100209/lifelong-vegetarianism-and-breast-cancer-risk-a-large-multicentre-case-control-study-in-india
#9
Toral Gathani, Isobel Barnes, Raghib Ali, Rajkumar Arumugham, Raju Chacko, Raghunadharao Digumarti, Parimal Jivarajani, Ravi Kannan, Dasappa Loknatha, Hemant Malhotra, Beela S Mathew
BACKGROUND: The lower incidence of breast cancer in Asian populations where the intake of animal products is lower than that of Western populations has led some to suggest that a vegetarian diet might reduce breast cancer risk. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2014 we conducted a multicentre hospital based case-control study in eight cancer centres in India. Eligible cases were women aged 30-70 years, with newly diagnosed invasive breast cancer (ICD10 C50). Controls were frequency matched to the cases by age and region of residence and chosen from the accompanying attendants of the patients with cancer or those patients in the general hospital without cancer...
January 18, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062141/reduced-subclinical-carotid-vascular-disease-and-arterial-stiffness-in-vegetarian-men-the-carvos-study
#10
Julio Acosta-Navarro, Luiza Antoniazzi, Adriana Midori Oki, Maria Carlos Bonfim, Valeria Hong, Pedro Acosta-Cardenas, Celia Strunz, Eleonora Brunoro, Marcio Hiroshi Miname, Wilson Salgado Filho, Luiz Aparecido Bortolotto, Raul D Santos
BACKGROUND: Dietary habits play an important role in the development of atherosclerosis, the most important cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. The objective of this study was to verify if vegetarian (VEG) diet could be related a better profile of subclinical vascular disease evaluated by arterial stiffness and functional and structural properties of carotid arteries, compared to omnivorous (OMN) diet. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 44 VEG and 44 OMN apparently healthy men ≥35years of age, in order to not have confounding risk factors of subclinical atherosclerosis, were assessed for anthropometric data, blood pressure, blood lipids, glucose, C reactive protein (CRP), and arterial stiffness determined by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV)...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040519/vegetarian-diet-and-all-cause-mortality-evidence-from-a-large-population-based-australian-cohort-the-45-and-up-study
#11
Seema Mihrshahi, Ding Ding, Joanne Gale, Margaret Allman-Farinelli, Emily Banks, Adrian E Bauman
The vegetarian diet is thought to have health benefits including reductions in type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and obesity. Evidence to date suggests that vegetarians tend to have lower mortality rates when compared with non-vegetarians, but most studies are not population-based and other healthy lifestyle factors may have confounded apparent protective effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between categories of vegetarian diet (including complete, semi and pesco-vegetarian) and all-cause mortality in a large population-based Australian cohort...
December 29, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027691/effect-of-various-diets-on-biomarkers-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#12
Harry Robberecht, Tess De Bruyne, Nina Hermans
The impact of the normal whole diet in different countries and of special types of diet on the biomarkers of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) is reviewed. Diet type, specification, risk of MetS and studied biomarkers, as far as could be traced, are included. Critical points in published studies are mentioned. Description of the traditional dietary patterns for the various countries is not always well-defined and numbers of persons in the studied population are sometimes quite limited, which hamper drawing definite conclusions...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018270/psychological-effects-of-a-1-month-meditation-retreat-on-experienced-meditators-the-role-of-non-attachment
#13
Jesus Montero-Marin, Marta Puebla-Guedea, Paola Herrera-Mercadal, Ausias Cebolla, Joaquim Soler, Marcelo Demarzo, Carmelo Vazquez, Fernando Rodríguez-Bornaetxea, Javier García-Campayo
Background: There are few studies devoted to assessing the impact of meditation-intensive retreats on the well-being, positive psychology, and personality of experienced meditators. We aimed to assess whether a 1-month Vipassana retreat: (a) would increase mindfulness and well-being; (b) would increase prosocial personality traits; and (c) whether psychological changes would be mediated and/or moderated by non-attachment. Method: A controlled, non-randomized, pre-post-intervention trial was used. The intervention group was a convenience sample (n = 19) of experienced meditators who participated in a 1-month Vipassana meditation retreat...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012337/phytobezoar-impaction-in-a-meckel-s-diverticulum-a-rare-cause-of-bowel-obstruction-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#14
Bassem Abou Hussein, Ali Khammas, Labib Al-Ozaibi, Alyaa Abdallah, Hajer Busharar, Alya Al-Mazrouei, Faisal Badri
INTRODUCTION: Meckel's diverticulum is the most common anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract, occurring in 1-3% of the general population. The most common complication of Meckel's diverticulum is intestinal obstruction. In this report, we describe a rare cause of intestinal obstruction due to Meckel's; the phytobezoar. After thorough literature review, the authors found about ten individual reports of the same topic. In all these cases, diagnosis was established intra-operatively. CASE PRESENTATION: A forty-seven-year old male presented to the emergency department with a one-day history of abdominal pain associated with vomiting and constipation...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986122/vitamin-b12-deficiency-across-three-generations-adversely-influences-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-status-and-cardiometabolic-markers-in-rats
#15
Amrita Khaire, Richa Rathod, Anvita Kale, Sadhana Joshi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Vitamin B12 and omega-3 fatty acid deficiency is prevalent in the vegetarian population and is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and cardiometabolic risk. The present study investigates the long-term effects of vitamin B12 deficiency/supplementation in the presence of omega-3 fatty acids on cardiometabolic profile and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid levels (LCPUFA) in the F3 generation offspring. METHODS: Three generations of rats were fed the following diets: control; vitamin B12 deficient; vitamin B12 supplemented; vitamin B12 deficient + omega-3 fatty acid supplemented; vitamin B12 + omega-3 fatty acid supplemented...
August 2016: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968878/dietary-patterns-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-in-chinese-women-a-population-based-case-control-study
#16
Shurong Lu, Xingyu Huang, Hao Yu, Jie Yang, Renqiang Han, Jian Su, Wencong Du, Jinyi Zhou, Xiaojin Yu, Ming Wu
BACKGROUND: The incidence rate of breast cancer has markedly increased in recent years in China, yet the association of breast cancer with dietary patterns such as a Chinese traditional diet has not been studied. We aimed to examine this association among women from the Jiangsu Province of China. METHODS: In this case-control study, we used the data from local population-based cancer registry agency to recruit newly diagnosed patients with primary breast cancer as cases...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956783/value-added-by-spirulina-platensis-in-two-different-diets-on-growth-performance-gut-microbiota-and-meat-quality-of-japanese-quails
#17
Mohamed S Yusuf, Marwa A Hassan, Mohamed M Abdel-Daim, Adel S El Nabtiti, Ali Meawad Ahmed, Sherief A Moawed, Ahmed Kamel El-Sayed, Hengmi Cui
AIM: The growth promoting effect of the blue-green filamentous alga Spirulina platensis (SP) was observed on meat type Japanese quail with antibiotic growth promoter alternative and immune enhancing power. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 180 Japanese quail chicks for 4 weeks to find out the effect of diet type (vegetarian protein diet [VPD] and fish meal protein diet [FMPD])- Spirulina dose interaction (1 or 2 g/kg diet) on growth performance, gut microbiota, and sensory meat quality of growing Japanese quails (1-5 weeks old)...
November 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916823/vitamin-b12-among-vegetarians-status-assessment-and-supplementation
#18
REVIEW
Gianluca Rizzo, Antonio Simone Laganà, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Gioacchina Maria Grazia La Ferrera, Massimo Buscema, Paola Rossetti, Angela Nigro, Vincenzo Muscia, Gaetano Valenti, Fabrizio Sapia, Giuseppe Sarpietro, Micol Zigarelli, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale
Cobalamin is an essential molecule for humans. It acts as a cofactor in one-carbon transfers through methylation and molecular rearrangement. These functions take place in fatty acid, amino acid and nucleic acid metabolic pathways. The deficiency of vitamin B12 is clinically manifested in the blood and nervous system where the cobalamin plays a key role in cell replication and in fatty acid metabolism. Hypovitaminosis arises from inadequate absorption, from genetic defects that alter transport through the body, or from inadequate intake as a result of diet...
November 29, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886704/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-vegetarian-diets
#19
Vesanto Melina, Winston Craig, Susan Levin
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that appropriately planned vegetarian, including vegan, diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits for the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. These diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence, older adulthood, and for athletes. Plant-based diets are more environmentally sustainable than diets rich in animal products because they use fewer natural resources and are associated with much less environmental damage...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880062/the-effect-of-vegetarian-diets-on-iron-status-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Lisa M Haider, Lukas Schwingshackl, Georg Hoffmann, Cem Ekmekcioglu
Background Vegetarian diets exclude meat, seafood, and products containing these foods. Although the vegetarian lifestyle could lead to a better health status in adults, it may also bear risks for certain nutritional deficiencies. Cross-sectional studies and narrative reviews have shown that the iron status of vegetarians is compromised by the absence of highly bioavailable haem-iron in meatless diets and the inhibiting effect of certain components present in plant foods on non-haem iron bioavailability. Methods The databases Pubmed, Scopus, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for studies comparing serum ferritin, as the major laboratory parameter for iron status of adult vegetarians with non-vegetarian control groups...
November 23, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
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