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Cofactor regeneration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329449/behavioural-and-neurochemical-effects-of-alpha-lipoic-acid-associated-with-omega-3-in-tardive-dyskinesia-induced-by-chronic-haloperidol-in-rats
#1
Dayane Pessoa Araújo, Thaisa Camboim, Ana Silva, Caio Fonseca, Rebeca Sousa, Mabson Barbosa, Lucidio Oliveira, José Cavalcanti, Eudes Lucena, Fausto Guzen
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is characterized by involuntary movements of the lower portion of the face being related to typical antipsychotic therapy. TD is associated with the oxidative imbalance in the basal ganglia. Lipoic acid (LA) and omega 3 (ω-3) are antioxidants acting as enzyme cofactors, regenerating antioxidant enzymes. This study aimed to investigate behavioral and neurochemical effects of supplementation with of LA (100mg/Kg) and ω-3 (1g/Kg) in the treatment of TD-induced by chronic use haloperidol (HAL) (1mg/Kg) in rats...
March 22, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230096/a-novel-approach-to-improve-poly-%C3%AE-glutamic-acid-production-by-nadph-regeneration-in-bacillus-licheniformis-wx-02
#2
Dongbo Cai, Penghui He, Xingcheng Lu, Chengjun Zhu, Jiang Zhu, Yangyang Zhan, Qin Wang, Zhiyou Wen, Shouwen Chen
Poly-γ-glutamic acid (γ-PGA) is an important biochemical product with a variety of applications. This work reports a novel approach to improve γ-PGA through over expression of key enzymes in cofactor NADPH generating process for NADPH pool. Six genes encoding the key enzymes in NADPH generation were over-expressed in the γ-PGA producing strain B. licheniformis WX-02. Among various recombinants, the strain over-expressing zwf gene (coding for glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase), WX-zwf, produced the highest γ-PGA concentration (9...
February 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193327/cloning-expression-and-biochemical-characterization-of-a-novel-nadp-dependent-7%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-from-clostridium-difficile-and-its-application-for-the-oxidation-of-bile-acids
#3
Daniel Bakonyi, Werner Hummel
A gene encoding a novel 7α-specific NADP(+)-dependent hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase from Clostridium difficile was cloned and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli. The enzyme was purified using an N-terminal hexa-his-tag and biochemically characterized. The optimum temperature is at 60°C, but the enzyme is inactivated at this temperature with a half-life time of 5min. Contrary to other known 7α-HSDHs, for example from Clostridium sardiniense or E. coli, the enzyme from C. difficile does not display a substrate inhibition...
April 2017: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183178/mimicking-horseradish-peroxidase-and-nadh-peroxidase-by-heterogeneous-cu-2-modified-graphene-oxide-nanoparticles
#4
Shan Wang, Rémi Cazelles, Wei-Ching Liao, Margarita Vázquez-González, Amani Zoabi, Raed Abu-Reziq, Itamar Willner
Cu(2+)-ion-modified graphene oxide nanoparticles, Cu(2+)-GO NPs, act as a heterogeneous catalyst mimicking functions of horseradish peroxidase, HRP, and of NADH peroxidase. The Cu(2+)-GO NPs catalyze the oxidation of dopamine to aminochrome by H2O2 and catalyze the generation of chemiluminescence in the presence of luminol and H2O2. The Cu(2+)-GO NPs provide an active material for the chemiluminescence detection of H2O2 and allow the probing of the activity of H2O2-generating oxidases and the detection of their substrates...
March 8, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176878/cofactor-recycling-for-co-production-of-1-3-propanediol-and-glutamate-by-metabolically-engineered-corynebacterium-glutamicum
#5
Jinhai Huang, Yao Wu, Wenjun Wu, Ye Zhang, Dehua Liu, Zhen Chen
Production of 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO) from glycerol is a promising route toward glycerol biorefinery. However, the yield of 1,3-PDO is limited due to the requirement of NADH regeneration via glycerol oxidation process, which generates large amounts of undesired byproducts. Glutamate fermentation by Corynebacterium glutamicum is an important oxidation process generating excess NADH. In this study, we proposed a novel strategy to couple the process of 1,3-PDO synthesis with glutamate production for cofactor regeneration...
February 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170142/catalytic-alkylation-using-a-cyclic-s-adenosylmethionine-regeneration-system
#6
Silja Mordhorst, Jutta Siegrist, Michael Müller, Michael Richter, Jennifer N Andexer
S-Adenosylmethionine-dependent methyltransferases are versatile tools for the specific alkylation of many compounds, such as pharmaceuticals, but their biocatalytic application is severely limited owing to the lack of a cofactor regeneration system. We report a biomimetic, polyphosphate-based, cyclic cascade for methyltransferases. In addition to the substrate to be methylated, only methionine and polyphosphate have to be added in stoichiometric amounts. The system acts catalytically with respect to the cofactor precursor adenosine in methylation and ethylation reactions of selected substrates, as shown by HPLC analysis...
February 7, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163781/enhancement-of-furan-aldehydes-conversion-in-zymomonas-mobilis-by-elevating-dehydrogenase-activity-and-cofactor-regeneration
#7
Xia Wang, Qiuqiang Gao, Jie Bao
BACKGROUND: Furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) are the two major furan aldehyde inhibitors generated from lignocellulose dilute acid pretreatment which significantly inhibit subsequent microbial cell growth and ethanol fermentation. Zymomonas mobilis is an important strain for cellulosic ethanol fermentation but can be severely inhibited by furfural and (or) HMF. Previous study showed that Z. mobilis contains its native oxidoreductases to catalyze the conversion of furfural and HMF, but the corresponding genes have not been identified...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120367/photoelectrochemical-reduction-of-carbon-dioxide-to-methanol-through-a-highly-efficient-enzyme-cascade
#8
Su Keun Kuk, Raushan K Singh, Dong Heon Nam, Ranjitha Singh, Jung-Kul Lee, Chan Beum Park
Natural photosynthesis is an effective route for the clean and sustainable conversion of CO2 into high-energy chemicals. Inspired by the natural process, a tandem photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell with an integrated enzyme-cascade (TPIEC) system was designed, which transfers photogenerated electrons to a multienzyme cascade for the biocatalyzed reduction of CO2 to methanol. A hematite photoanode and a bismuth ferrite photocathode were applied to fabricate the iron oxide based tandem PEC cell for visible-light-assisted regeneration of the nicotinamide cofactor (NADH)...
January 25, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011130/highly-efficient-bioreduction-of-2-hydroxyacetophenone-to-s-and-r-1-phenyl-1-2-ethanediol-by-two-substrate-tolerance-carbonyl-reductases-with-cofactor-regeneration
#9
Zhi-Mei Cui, Jian-Dong Zhang, Xiao-Jun Fan, Gao-Wei Zheng, Hong-Hong Chang, Wen-Long Wei
Optically pure 1-phenyl-1,2-ethanediol is a very important chiral building block and intermediate in fine chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Reduction of 2-hydroxyacetophenone provides a straightforward approach to access these important compounds. In this study, two enantiocomplementary carbonyl reductases, BDHA (2,3-butanediol dehydrogenase from Bacillus subtilis) and GoSCR (polyol dehydrogenase from Gluconobacter oxydans) were discovered for the first time to convert 2-hydroxyacetophenone (2-HAP) to (R)-1-phenyl-1,2-ethanediol ((R)-PED) and (S)-1-phenyl-1,2-ethanediol ((S)-PED) with excellent stereochemical selectivity, respectively...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000046/semi-rational-engineering-of-leucine-dehydrogenase-for-l-2-aminobutyric-acid-production
#10
Jian-Miao Xu, Feng Cheng, Fang-Tian Fu, Hai-Feng Hu, Yu-Guo Zheng
L-2-aminobutyric acid (L-ABA) as a precursor for the anticonvulsant and the antituberculotic is a key intermediate in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Recently, leucine dehydrogenase (LeuDH) with NAD(+) regeneration was developed for L-ABA production on a large scale. Previously, the L-ABA yield was improved by optimizing conversion conditions, including cofactor regeneration and enzyme immobilization but not protein engineering on LeuDH due to lacking an applicable high-throughput screening (HTS) method...
December 20, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928897/intracellular-metabolite-profiling-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-evolved-under-furfural
#11
Young Hoon Jung, Sooah Kim, Jungwoo Yang, Jin-Ho Seo, Kyoung Heon Kim
Furfural, one of the most common inhibitors in pre-treatment hydrolysates, reduces the cell growth and ethanol production of yeast. Evolutionary engineering has been used as a selection scheme to obtain yeast strains that exhibit furfural tolerance. However, the response of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to furfural at the metabolite level during evolution remains unknown. In this study, evolutionary engineering and metabolomic analyses were applied to determine the effects of furfural on yeasts and their metabolic response to continuous exposure to furfural...
March 2017: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923567/an-experimental-modeling-of-trinomial-bioengineering-crp-rdna-and-transporter-engineering-within-single-cell-factory-for-maximizing-two-phase-bioreduction
#12
Souvik Basak, Sumanta Kumar Ghosh, Vinay Deep Punetha, Ashish N Aphale, Prabir K Patra, Nanda Gopal Sahoo
A carbonyl reductase (cr) gene from Candida glabrata CBS138 has been heterologously expressed in cofactor regenerating E. coli host to convert Ethyl-4-chloro-3-oxobutanoate (COBE) into Ethyl-4-chloro-3-hydroxybutanoate (CHBE). The CR enzyme exhibited marked velocity at substrate concentration as high as 363mM with highest turnover number (112.77±3.95s(-1)). Solitary recombineering of such catalytic cell reproduced CHBE 161.04g/L per g of dry cell weight (DCW). Introduction of combinatorially engineered crp (crp*, F136I) into this heterologous E...
February 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903963/cdh1-regulates-e2f1-degradation-in-response-to-differentiation-signals-in-keratinocytes
#13
Randeep K Singh, Lina Dagnino
The E2F1 transcription factor plays key roles in skin homeostasis. In the epidermis, E2F1 expression is essential for normal proliferation of undifferentiated keratinocytes, regeneration after injury and DNA repair following UV radiation-induced photodamage. Abnormal E2F1 expression promotes nonmelanoma skin carcinoma. In addition, E2F1 must be downregulated for proper keratinocyte differentiation, but the relevant mechanisms involved remain poorly understood. We show that differentiation signals induce a series of post-translational modifications in E2F1 that are jointly required for its downregulation...
November 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900443/p450bm3-fused-to-phosphite-dehydrogenase-allows-phosphite-driven-selective-oxidations
#14
Nina Beyer, Justyna K Kulig, Anette Bartsch, Martin A Hayes, Dick B Janssen, Marco W Fraaije
To facilitate the wider application of the NADPH-dependent P450BM3, we fused the monooxygenase with a phosphite dehydrogenase (PTDH). The resulting monooxygenase-dehydrogenase fusion enzyme acts as a self-sufficient bifunctional catalyst, accepting phosphite as a cheap electron donor for the regeneration of NADPH.The well-expressed fusion enzyme was purified and analyzed in comparison to the parent enzymes. Using lauric acid as substrate for P450BM3, it was found that the fusion enzyme had similar substrate affinity and hydroxylation selectivity while it displayed a significantly higher activity than the non-fused monooxygenase...
March 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855784/smad4-restricts-differentiation-to-promote-expansion-of-satellite-cell-derived-progenitors-during-skeletal-muscle-regeneration
#15
Nicole D Paris, Andrew Soroka, Alanna Klose, Wenxuan Liu, Joe V Chakkalakal
Skeletal muscle regenerative potential declines with age, in part due to deficiencies in resident stem cells (satellite cells, SCs) and derived myogenic progenitors (MPs); however, the factors responsible for this decline remain obscure. TGFβ superfamily signaling is an inhibitor of myogenic differentiation, with elevated activity in aged skeletal muscle. Surprisingly, we find reduced expression of Smad4, the downstream cofactor for canonical TGFβ superfamily signaling, and the target Id1 in aged SCs and MPs during regeneration...
November 18, 2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836796/development-of-a-simplified-purification-method-for-a-novel-formaldehyde-dismutase-variant-from-pseudomonas-putida-j3
#16
Lisa Blaschke, Wenke Wagner, Christina Werkmeister, Marion Wild, Adrian Gihring, Steffen Rupp, Susanne Zibek
Formaldehyde dismutase (FDM) is a very interesting enzyme, due to the fact that it comprises an internal cofactor regeneration mechanism. The FDM, therefore, is able to catalyze redox reactions independent of exogenous cofactor addition, rendering the enzyme powerful for industrial applications. Currently, only one enzyme of this type has been characterized enzymatically. Furthermore, only one additional DNA-sequence with high homology to FDM has been published. In this work, we identified a new variant of a formaldehyde dismutase gene (fdm) in the Pseudomonas putida J3 strain...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816420/investigation-of-the-nadh-nad-ratio-in-ralstonia-eutropha-using-the-fluorescence-reporter-protein-peredox
#17
Vijay Tejwani, Franz-Josef Schmitt, Svea Wilkening, Ingo Zebger, Marius Horch, Oliver Lenz, Thomas Friedrich
Ralstonia eutropha is a hydrogen-oxidizing ("Knallgas") bacterium that can easily switch between heterotrophic and autotrophic metabolism to thrive in aerobic and anaerobic environments. Its versatile metabolism makes R. eutropha an attractive host for biotechnological applications, including H2-driven production of biodegradable polymers and hydrocarbons. H2 oxidation by R. eutropha takes place in the presence of O2 and is mediated by four hydrogenases, which represent ideal model systems for both biohydrogen production and H2 utilization...
January 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812567/reduction-of-a-tris-picolyl-amine-copper-ii-complex-by-a-polymeric-flavo-reductase-model-in-water
#18
K Cheaib, Y Roux, C Herrero, A Trehoux, F Avenier, J-P Mahy
Dioxygen activation at copper(i) centres is of primary importance for the development of sustainable oxidation catalysis, but regeneration of copper(i) centres after each catalytic cycle remains a major problem for multi-turn-over catalysis. This work demonstrates that an artificial reductase, made of flavin cofactors incorporated into a water soluble polymer, efficiently reduces a Cu(ii)TPA complex in the presence of NADH in water.
November 4, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771781/a-whole-cell-biocatalyst-for-double-oxidation-of-cyclooctane
#19
C A Müller, A M Weingartner, A Dennig, A J Ruff, H Gröger, Ulrich Schwaneberg
A novel whole cell cascade for double oxidation of cyclooctane to cyclooctanone was developed. The one-pot oxidation cascade requires only a minimum of reaction components: resting E. coli cells in aqueous buffered medium (=catalyst), the target substrate and oxygen as environmental friendly oxidant. Conversion of cyclooctane was catalysed with high efficiency (50% yield) and excellent selectivity (>94%) to cyclooctanone. The reported oxidation cascade represents a novel whole cell system for double oxidation of non-activated alkanes including an integrated cofactor regeneration...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756363/efficient-biosynthesis-of-ethyl-r-4-chloro-3-hydroxybutyrate-using-a-stereoselective-carbonyl-reductase-from-burkholderia-gladioli
#20
Xiang Chen, Zhi-Qiang Liu, Chao-Ping Lin, Yu-Guo Zheng
BACKGROUND: Ethyl (R)-4-chloro-3-hydroxybutyrate ((R)-CHBE) is a versatile chiral precursor for many pharmaceuticals. Although several biosynthesis strategies have been documented to convert ethyl 4-chloro-3-oxobutanoate (COBE) to (R)-CHBE, the catalytic efficiency and stereoselectivity are still too low to be scaled up for industrial applications. Due to the increasing demand of (R)-CHBE, it is essential to explore more robust biocatalyst capable of preparing (R)-CHBE efficiently. RESULTS: A stereoselective carbonyl reductase toolbox was constructed and employed into the asymmetric reduction of COBE to (R)-CHBE...
October 18, 2016: BMC Biotechnology
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