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Longterm car

Michael J Cleveland, Kimberly A Mallett, Helene R White, Rob Turrisi, Sarah Favero
OBJECTIVE: Among emerging adults, those who do not attain postsecondary education are at highest risk for experiencing longterm problems related to alcohol use, including alcohol dependence. The purpose of the current study was to identify latent classes of alcohol users among non-college-attending youth and examine correlates of class membership. METHOD: Screening criteria were used to select emerging adults between ages 18 and 22 years with no postsecondary education (N = 264) from a prerecruited probability-based Web panel...
January 2013: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Branden G Duffey, Renato N Pedro, Antoine Makhlouf, Carly Kriedberg, Michelle Stessman, Bryan Hinck, Sayeed Ikramuddin, Todd Kellogg, Bridget Slusarek, Manoj Monga
BACKGROUND: Patients treated for obesity with jejunoileal bypass (JIB) experienced a marked increased risk of hyperoxaluria, nephrolithiasis, and oxalate nephropathy developing. Jejunoileal bypass has been abandoned and replaced with other options, including Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Changes in urinary lithogenic risk factors after RYGB are currently unknown. Our purpose was to determine whether RYGB is associated with elevated risk of developing calcium oxalate stone formation through increased urinary oxalate excretion and relative supersaturation of calcium oxalate...
June 2008: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
K Garmer, S Dahlman, L Sperling
This study deals with the design, trials and evaluation of a co-education programme at the Volvo Uddevalla plant in Sweden. Involving operators, manufacturing engineers and managers, the programme served as a support for the creation of a participatory ergonomics process, intended for continuous use at the plant. It consisted of a basic ergonomics knowledge package, and a dialogue model defining the roles and relations of actors involved. As a practical part of the programme, trial development projects were also carried out by the participants...
December 1995: Applied Ergonomics
Luciano De Carlis, Alessandro Giacomoni, Vincenzo Pirotta, Andrea Lauterio, Abdhallah O Slim, Cinzia Sammartino, Massimo Cardillo, Domenico Forti
BACKGROUND: This study compares liver resection (LR) or transplantation (LTx) in an attempt to reevaluate the indications for treatment. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred fifty-four LRs and 121 LTxs performed from 1985 to 1999 were considered. Survival and recurrence rate, together with age, gender, liver disease, Child-Pugh classification, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), tumor capsule, vascular invasion, size, number of nodules, histologic grade, and pTNM were considered. Followup was completed in all cases (mean +/- SD = 3...
June 2003: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
J G Farmer, L J Eades, M C Graham, J R Bacon
The inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS)-determined 206Pb/207Pb ratio of 145 samples of rainwater collected at 25 locations around Scotland during December 1997 and January 1998 and at three longterm monitoring stations in the northeast, central belt and southeast of the country from November 1997 to December 1998 averaged 1.144+/-0.017 (1 s). This represents a significant increase from the mean value of 1.120+/-0.016 recorded for the long-term sites in 1989 1991, only partly attributable to a concomitant increase in the 206Pb/207Pb ratio of leaded petrol from 1...
February 2000: Journal of Environmental Monitoring: JEM
C H Ashton
BACKGROUND: Increasing prevalence of recreational cannabis use among the young population has stimulated debate on the possible effects of acute and longterm use. AIMS: To highlight recent knowledge of mechanisms of action, effects on psychomotor and cognitive performance, and health risks associated with cannabis consumption. METHOD: A brief review of recent literature on the prevalence of recreational cannabis use, the potency of modern cannabis preparations and the pharmacological actions of cannabis...
February 2001: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
D W Guyer, L L Wiltse, M L Eskay, B H Guyer
Fifty patients with arachnoiditis were studied, and long-term follow-up ranging from 10 to 21 years was obtained on 36 (72%). Prior to developing arachnoiditis, 90% originally had intervertebral disc disease, Pantopaque (Alcon Surgical, Ft. Worth, Texas) myelography, and subsequent lumbar spine surgery. Pain and functional disability tended to remain the same as at the time of diagnosis, although severity of symptoms fluctuated. Increased neurologic deficits were more frequently due to surgical intervention than to the natural course of the disease...
December 1989: Spine
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