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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528333/effect-of-1-25-oh-2d3-on-proliferation-of-fibroblast-like-synoviocytes-and-expressions-of-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-through-regulating-microrna-22-in-a-rat-model-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#1
Ping Fan, Lan He, Nan Hu, Jing Luo, Jing Zhang, Ling-Fei Mo, Yan-Hua Wang, Dan Pu, Xiao-Hong Lv, Zhi-Ming Hao, Chang-Hai Ding, Wu-Jun Xue, Yang Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the regulatory mechanism of 1,25-(OH)2D3 on the proliferation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) and expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) rats via microRNA-22 (miR-22). METHODS: A rat model of RA was established with a subcutaneous injection of type II collagen. After treated with different concentrations of 1,25-(OH)2D3 the proliferation of FLS was estimated by the MTT method, and the optimal concentration of 1,25-(OH)2D3 was selected for further experiments...
May 12, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528307/extracellular-atp-is-a-key-modulator-of-alveolar-bone-loss-in-periodontitis
#2
REVIEW
Itzhak Binderman, Nasir Gadban, Avinoam Yaffe
Periodontal diseases are initiated by pathogenic bacterial biofilm activity that induces a host inflammatory cells immune response, degradation of dento gingival fibrous tissue and its detachment from root cementum. It is well accepted, that osteoclastic alveolar bone loss is governed exclusively through secretion of proinflammatory cytokines. Nevertheless, our findings suggest that once degradation of collagen fibers by MMPs occurs, a drop of cellular strains cause immediate release of ATP from marginal gingival fibroblasts, cell deformation and influx of Ca+2...
May 13, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528251/biological-activity-and-safety-profile-of-the-essential-oil-from-fruits-of-heracleum-mantegazzianum-sommier-levier-apiaceae
#3
Krystyna Skalicka-Woźniak, Agnieszka Grzegorczyk, Łukasz Świątek, Magdalena Walasek, Jarosław Widelski, Barbara Rajtar, Małgorzata Polz-Dacewicz, Anna Malm, Hosam O Elansary
A composition of essential oils obtained from Heracleum mantegazzianum (Apiaceae) was examined using a GC-MS method. n-Octyl acetate (19.92%), n-hexyl-2-methylbutanoate (10.84%), n-octanol (10.13%), n-octyl butanoate (8.88%), n-octyl-2-methylbutanoate (8.01%), n-hexyl acetate (7.11%), n-octyl isobutanoate (5.5%) and n-hexyl isobutanoate (5.43%) were the main compounds. The high-performance counter-current chromatography was applied for purification of aliphatic alcohols and esters. A mixture of n-hexane, acetonitrile and tetr-butyl methyl ether (1:1:0...
May 17, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528250/antifungal-toxicity-of-linear-geranylphenol-influence-of-oxigenate-substituents
#4
Lautaro Taborga, Maximiliano Sortino, Carrasco Héctor, Estefanía Butassi, Susana Zacchino, Luis Espinoza
Twenty four linear geranylphenols were evaluated for their antifungal properties against ATCC and clinical isolates of Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoformans. For the analysis of their antifungal behavior the compounds were grouped into two series: (i) compounds with only one geranyl substituent on the benzene ring and (ii) compounds with two geranyl moieties on the benzene ring. Results showed that compounds of series (i) present better antifungal activities than those of series (ii). In addition, within group (i) all compounds showed better activities against C...
May 17, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527850/complement-activation-by-pulp-capping-materials-plays-a-significant-role-in-both-inflammatory-and-pulp-stem-cells-recruitment
#5
Thomas Giraud, Pierre Rufas, Fanny Chmilewsky, Charlotte Rombouts, Jacques Dejou, Charlotte Jeanneau, Imad About
INTRODUCTION: The role of complement, especially through the C5a fragment, is well-known for the initiation of inflammation. Its involvement in regeneration has been shown more recently by the recruitment of mesenchymal stem cells. C5a can be produced locally by the pulp fibroblasts in response to injury or infection. This work aims to investigate the effect of different pulp capping biomaterials on complement activation and its possible influence on inflammatory and pulp stem cell recruitment...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527822/synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-new-c-12-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-n-sulfamoyl-phenylamino-14-deoxy-andrographolide-derivatives-as-potent-anti-cancer-agents
#6
Sai Giridhar Sarma Kandanur, Srinivas Nanduri, Nageswara Rao Golakoti
Andrographolide, the major diterpenoidal constituent of Andrographis paniculata (Acanthaceae) and its derivatives have been reported to possess plethora of biological properties including potent anti-cancer activity. In this work, synthesis and in-vitro anti-cancer evaluation of new C-12-substituted aryl amino 14-deoxy-andrographolide derivatives (III a-f) are reported. The substitutions include various sulfonamide moieties -SO2-NH-R(1). The new derivatives (III a-e) exhibited improved cytotoxicity (GI50, TGI and LC50) compared to andrographolide (I) and the corresponding 3,14,19-O-triacetyl andrographolide (II) when evaluated against 60 NCI cell line panel...
April 13, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527631/the-thiol-switch-c684-in-mitofusin-2-mediates-redox-induced-alterations-of-mitochondrial-shape-and-respiration
#7
Osamah Thaher, Christina Wolf, Partha Narayan Dey, Alireza Pouya, Verena Wüllner, Stefan Tenzer, Axel Methner
Mitofusin-2 (MFN2) is a GTPase in the outer mitochondrial membrane involved in the regulation of mitochondrial fusion and bioenergetics. MFN2 also plays a role in mitochondrial fusion induced by changes in the intracellular redox state. Adding oxidized glutathione (GSSG), the core cellular stress indicator, to mitochondrial preparations stimulates mitochondrial fusion by inducing disulphide bond-mediated oligomer formation of MFN2 and its homolog MFN1 which involve cysteine 684 (C684) of MFN2. Mitochondrial hyperfusion represents an adaptive stress response that confers transient protection by increasing mitochondrial ATP production but how this depends on the thiol switch C684 in MFN2 has not been investigated...
May 17, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527531/titanium-dioxide-nanotubes-addition-to-self-adhesive-resin-cement-effect-on-physical-and-biological-properties
#8
Carla M Ramos-Tonello, Paulo N Lisboa-Filho, Larisa B Arruda, Cintia K Tokuhara, Rodrigo C Oliveira, Adilson Y Furuse, José H Rubo, Ana Flávia S Borges
OBJECTIVES: This study has investigated the influence of Titanium dioxide nanotubes (TiO2-nt) addition to self-adhesive resin cement on the degree of conversion, water sorption, and water solubility, mechanical and biological properties. METHODS: A commercially available auto-adhesive resin cement (RelyX U200™, 3M ESPE) was reinforced with varying amounts of nanotubes (0.3, 0.6, 0.9wt%) and evaluated at different curing modes (self- and dual cure). The DC in different times (3, 6, 9, 12 and 15min), water sorption (Ws) and solubility (Sl), 3-point flexural strength (σf), elastic modulus (E), Knoop microhardness (H) and viability of NIH/3T3 fibroblasts were performed to characterize the resin cement...
May 17, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527426/malvidin-and-cyanidin-derivatives-from-a%C3%A3-ai-fruit-euterpe-oleracea-mart-counteract-uv-a-induced-oxidative-stress-in-immortalized-fibroblasts
#9
Ganna Petruk, Anna Illiano, Rita Del Giudice, Assunta Raiola, Angela Amoresano, Maria Manuela Rigano, Renata Piccoli, Daria Maria Monti
UV-A radiations are known to induce cellular oxidative stress, leading to premature skin aging. Consumption of açai fruit (Euterpe oleracea Martius) is known to have many health benefits due to its high level of antioxidants. Herein, we analyzed the ability of phenolic compounds extracted from this fruit to attenuate UV-A-induced oxidative stress in immortalized fibroblast. A methanol/water açai extract was fractionated by HPLC and each fraction tested for anti-oxidant stress activity. Immortalized fibroblasts were pre-incubated with açai fractions and then exposed to UV-A radiations...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527302/aortic-adventitial-fibroblast-sensitivity-to-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-inhibitors-depends-on-substrate-stiffness
#10
Rebecca A Scott, Prathamesh M Kharkar, Kristi L Kiick, Robert E Akins
Adventitial fibroblasts (AFs) are key determinants of arterial function and critical mediators of arterial disease progression. The effects of altered stiffness, particularly those observed across individuals during normal vascular function, and the mechanisms by which AFs respond to altered stiffness, are not well understood. To study the effects of matrix stiffness on AF phenotype, cytokine production, and the regulatory pathways utilized to interpret basic cell-matrix interactions, human aortic AFs were grown in 5%, 7...
May 10, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527255/-oral-mucosa-analog-allografts-in-non-consanguineous-rats
#11
Luis González, Karla Padrón, Siham Salmen, Elsy Jerez, Lorena Dávila, Eduvigis Solórzano
INTRODUCTION: Although there are therapeutic options for the treatment of oral mucosa defects, the need for functional, anatomical and aesthetically similar substitutes persists, as well as for solutions to reduce autologous grafts morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To determine clinical and histological compatibility of equivalent oral mucosa allografts generated through tissue engineering in non-consanguineous rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a sample of oral mucosa from Sprague Dawley rats to obtain a fibroblast culture and a keratinocytes and fibroblasts co-culture...
January 24, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527242/-small-cell-lung-cancer-associated-with-multiple-paraneoplastic-syndromes
#12
Diana L Franco, Leslie Thomas
We report the case of a patient presenting with multiple severe electrolyte disturbances who was subsequently found to have small cell lung cancer. Upon further evaluation, she demonstrated three distinct paraneoplastic processes, including the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone, Fanconi syndrome, and an inappropriate elevation in fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23). The patient underwent one round of chemotherapy, but she was found to have progressive disease. After 36 days of hospitalization, the patient made the decision to enter hospice care and later she expired...
January 24, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526948/an-innovative-strategy-to-clone-positive-modifier-genes-of-defects-caused-by-mtdna-mutations-mrps18c-as-suppressor-gene-of-m-3946g-a-mutation-in-mt-nd1-gene
#13
María Elena Rodríguez-García, Francisco Javier Cotrina-Vinagre, Patricia Carnicero-Rodríguez, Francisco Martínez-Azorín
We have developed a new functional complementation approach to clone modifier genes which overexpression is able to suppress the biochemical defects caused by mtDNA mutations (suppressor genes). This strategy consists in transferring human genes into respiratory chain-deficient fibroblasts, followed by a metabolic selection in a highly selective medium. We used a normalized expression cDNA library in an episomal vector (pREP4) to transfect the fibroblasts, and a medium with glutamine and devoid of any carbohydrate source to select metabolically...
May 19, 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526934/exogenous-proline-stimulates-type-i-collagen-and-hif-1%C3%AE-expression-and-the-process-is-attenuated-by-glutamine-in-human-skin-fibroblasts
#14
Lukasz Szoka, Ewa Karna, Kornelia Hlebowicz-Sarat, Jacek Karaszewski, Jerzy A Palka
Abundance of proline (Pro) in collagen molecule led us to investigate whether Pro supply affects collagen biosynthesis in human skin fibroblasts. Treatment of the cells with milimolar concentrations (5 and 10 mM) of Pro for 24 and 48 h contributed to increase in α1 subunit of collagen type I (COL1A1) expression in both cells and culture medium. However, the effect was more pronounced in glutamine-free medium. In such condition, Pro induced collagen expression by about twofold in the cells, while in the medium only by about 30% during 24 h incubation, compared to control...
May 19, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526856/2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin-hp%C3%AE-cd-reduces-age-related-lipofuscin-accumulation-through-a-cholesterol-associated-pathway
#15
Jason Gaspar, Jacques Mathieu, Pedro Alvarez
Oxidative stress causes significant increases in both cholesterol uptake and intracellular accumulation of the aging biomarker lipofuscin. Here we show that HPβCD addition mitigates these adverse effects in human fibroblasts by significantly reducing LDLr and SREBP1 gene expression. In the absence of oxidative stress, HPβCD addition induces a paradoxical response, increasing cholesterol accumulation (but not lipofuscin) via upregulation of cholesterol biosynthesis. These two distinct, but opposite effects highlight a previously overlooked therapeutic consideration: the cholesterol content of the treated cell determines which cholesterol pathways, either beneficial or harmful, are responsive to HPβCD...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526784/trpv4-mediates-the-calcium-influx-required-for-flightless-non-muscle-myosin-interaction-and-collagen-remodeling
#16
P D Arora, M Di Gregorio, P He, C A McCulloch
Collagen remodeling by phagocytosis requires cell extension formation, which in turn involves interaction of the actin binding protein Flightless I (FliI) with non-muscle myosin IIA (NMMIIA) at cell-matrix adhesion sites. As Ca(2+) plays a central role in controlling actomyosin-dependent functions, we examined how Ca(2+) controls the generation of cell extensions and collagen remodeling. Ratio fluorimetry demonstrated localized Ca(2+) influx at extensions of fibroblasts. Western Blotting and qPCR showed high expression levels of the Ca(2+)-permeable, Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid-4 (TRPV4) channel, which co-immunoprecipitated with β1 integrin and localized to adhesions...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526615/lung-inflammation-after-bleomycin-treatment-in-mice-selection-of-an-accurate-normalization-strategy-for-gene-expression-analysis-in-an-ex-vivo-and-in-vitro-model
#17
Veronica Della Latta, Manuela Cabiati, Silvia Burchielli, Giada Frenzilli, Margherita Bernardeschi, Antonella Cecchettini, Federica Viglione, Maria-Aurora Morales, Silvia Del Ry
Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is the most common and aggressive interstitial lung disease, characterized by a patchy development of fibrosis leading to progressive destruction of the normal lung architecture which is preceded by an inflammatory process. Gene expression studies are important to understand the development of PF but the accuracy and reproducibility of Real-Time PCR depend on appropriate normalization strategies. This study aimed to analyze the expression variability of eight commonly used reference genes during the initial inflammatory phase of bleomycin-induced PF in a mouse model and to verify whether the selected reference genes could be applied to an in-vitro model of BLM-treated primary murine lung fibroblasts...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526447/toxicity-screening-of-a-novel-poly-methylmethacrylate-eudragit-nanocarrier-on-l929-fibroblasts
#18
Diogo Graça, Henriqueta Louro, Joana Santos, Kamila Dias, Lídia Gonçalves, António Almeida, Maria João Silva, Ana Bettencourt
Toxicity screening of a novel poly(methylmethacrylate)-Eudragit nanocarrier on L929 fibroblasts Translation of innovative drug delivery nanosystems into the market involves an early toxicity screening in the development phase. Previously, we showed that inclusion of the polymer (Eudragit, EUD) into poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) nanoparticles (NP) resulted in a novel nanocarrier (PMMA-EUD) with an improved biomedical performance. The safety of this novel nanoparticulate system (PMMA-EUDNPs) was assessed in this work and compared to that of the original PMMANPs by using an integrated approach, comprising in vitro toxicity assessment and NPs physicochemical characterization in water and cell medium...
May 16, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526414/a-novel-sirt1-inhibitor-4bb-induces-apoptosis-in-hct116-human-colon-carcinoma-cells-partially-by-activating-p53
#19
Ananga Ghosh, Amrita Sengupta, Guru Pavan Kumar Seerapu, Ali Nakhi, E V Venkat Shivaji Ramarao, Navneet Bung, Gopalakrishnan Bulusu, Manojit Pal, Devyani Haldar
The NAD+-dependent protein deacetylase SIRT1 has emerged as an important target for epigenetic therapeutics of colon cancer as its increased expression is associated with cancer progression. Additionally, SIRT1 represses p53 function via deacetylation, promoting tumor growth. Therefore, inhibition of SIRT1 is of great therapeutic interest for the treatment of colon cancer. Here, we report discovery of a novel quinoxaline based small molecule inhibitor of human SIRT1, 4bb, investigated its effect on viability of colon cancer cells and molecular mechanism of action...
May 16, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526348/chitosan-co-hyaluronic-acid-porous-cryogels-and-their-application-in-tissue-engineering
#20
Tuğçe Kutlusoy, Burcu Oktay, Nilhan Kayaman Apohan, Mediha Süleymanoğlu, Serap Erdem Kuruca
In this work, the usability of chitosan-co-hyaluronic acid cryogels as a tissue-engineering scaffold was investigated. Chitosan-co-hyaluronic acid cryogels were synthesized at subzero temperature. Cryogels which were composed of various compositions of chitosan and hyaluronic acid (0, 10, 20, 30 and 50wt % hyaluronic acid) was prepared. Morphological studies showed that the macroporous cryogels have have been developed with 90-95% porosity. Particularly, the mechanical and biomaterial property of pure chitosan was improved by making copolymer with hyaluronic acid in different concentration...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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