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ultra running

Nicola Giovanelli, Paolo Taboga, Stefano Lazzer
PURPOSE: To investigate changes in running mechanics during a six hours running race. METHODS: Twelve ultra-runners (age: 41.9±5.8 years; body mass: 68.3±12.6 kg; stature: 1.72±0.09 m) were asked to run as many 874 m flat loops as possible in six hours. Running speed, contact (tc) and aerial (ta) times were measured in the first lap and every 30±2 minutes during the race. Peak vertical ground reaction force (Fmax), stride length (SL), vertical downward displacement of the centre of mass (Δz), leg length change (ΔL), vertical (kvert) and leg (kleg) stiffness were then estimated...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Shuang Zhang, Zong-Ping Zheng, Mao-Mao Zeng, Zhi-Yong He, Guan-Jun Tao, Fang Qin, Jie Chen
A novel non-targeted isoflavone profiling method was developed using the diagnostic fragment-ion-based extension strategy, based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with photo-diode array detector and electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (UPLC-PDA-ESI-MS). 16 types of isoflavones were obtained in positive mode, but only 12 were obtained in negative mode due to the absence of precursor ions. Malonyldaidzin and malonylgenistin glycosylated at the 4'-O position or malonylated at the 4″-O position of glucose were indicated by their retention behavior and fragmentation pattern...
March 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Seu Ping Guiraud, Ivan Montoliu, Laeticia Da Silva, Loïc Dayon, Antonio Núñez Galindo, John Corthésy, Martin Kussmann, Francois-Pierre Martin
The methionine cycle is a key pathway contributing to the regulation of human health, with well-established involvement in cardiovascular diseases and cognitive function. Changes in one-carbon cycle metabolites have also been associated with mild cognitive decline, vascular dementia, and Alzheimer's disease. Today, there is no single analytical method to monitor both metabolites and co-factors of the methionine cycle. To address this limitation, we here report for the first time a new method for the simultaneous quantitation of 17 metabolites in the methionine cycle, which are homocysteic acid, taurine, serine, cysteine, glycine, homocysteine, riboflavin, methionine, pyridoxine, cystathionine, pyridoxamine, S-adenosylhomocysteine, S-adenosylmethionine, betaine, choline, dimethylglycine, and 5-methyltetrahydrofolic acid...
October 18, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Christian Brinch Mollerup, Petur Weihe Dalsgaard, Marie Mardal, Kristian Linnet
High-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) is widely used for the drug screening of biological samples in clinical and forensic laboratories. With the continuous addition of new psychoactive substances (NPS), keeping such methods updated is challenging. HRMS allows for combined targeted and non-targeted screening; first, peaks are identified by software algorithms, and identifications are based on reference standard data. Remaining unknown peaks are attempted identified with in silico and literature data. However, several thousand peaks remain where most are unidentifiable or uninteresting in drug screening...
October 17, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
Inyoung Lee, Takashi Sode, Noya Loew, Wakako Tsugawa, Christopher Robin Lowe, Koji Sode
An ultimate goal for those engaged in research to develop implantable medical devices is to develop mechatronic implantable artificial organs such as artificial pancreas. Such devices would comprise at least a sensor module, an actuator module, and a controller module. For the development of optimal mechatronic implantable artificial organs, these modules should be self-powered and autonomously operated. In this study, we aimed to develop a microcontroller using the BioCapacitor principle. A direct electron transfer type glucose dehydrogenase was immobilized onto mesoporous carbon, and then deposited on the surface of a miniaturized Au electrode (7mm(2)) to prepare a miniaturized enzyme anode...
September 28, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Jin-Jin Lu, Bing-Jie Jia, Lin Yang, Wen Zhang, Xin Dong, Ping Li, Jun Chen
It has been proved that the purine metabolic pathway has been implicated in various biological disorders including gout, diabetes, coronary heart diseases, and neurodegenerative diseases. The analysis of the purine metabolic pathway in organisms reveals important alterations under different physiological and pathological conditions, which contributes to the pathological study, diagnosis, and therapy of related diseases. In the present study, an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet and tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-UV-MS/MS) method was developed for conducting the comprehensive analysis of the metabolite profiles of the purine pathway in rat plasma through a single analysis...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Lijuan Zhang, Lina Wang, Run Wang, Yonghua Pan, Yuan Gao, Peng Fu
GTM-1 is a drug that reverses Alzheimer's Disease (AD) development specifically induced by thapsgargin (TG) and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) has been reported to be a pilot process that leads to AD formation. It is speculated that GTM-1 could also prohibit TG-induced ER stress. In this study, we utilized immuno-fluorescence to identify morphological changes in nucleus and transmission electron microscopy was used to observe neuronal ultra-structures. Moreover, expressions of GRP78, CHOP, Bcl-2 and cytochrome c were assessed using immuno-blotting, while calcium concentration was detected by fluorescence spectrometer...
October 7, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Beat Knechtle, Pantelis T Nikolaidis
BACKGROUND: To date, little is known for pacing in ultra-endurance athletes competing in a non-stop event and in a multi-stage event, and especially, about pacing in a multi-stage event with different disciplines during the stages. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to examine the effect of age, sex and calendar year on triathlon performance and variation of performance by events (i.e., swimming, cycling 1, cycling 2 and running) in 'Ultraman Hawaii' held between 1983 and 2015...
2016: PeerJ
Carlos Narciso-da-Rocha, Célia M Manaia
The aim of this study was to assess the fate of invasive antibiotic resistance genes (ARG) discharged in wastewater. With this objective, antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) known to harbor specific ARG were inoculated in wastewater (hospital effluent, or municipal raw and treated wastewater) and in ultra-pure sterile water microcosms. Two sets of wastewater ARB isolates were used - set 1, Enterococcus faecalis, Acinetobacter johnsonii, Klebsiella pneumoniae and set 2, Enterococcus faecium, Acinetobacter johnsonii, Escherichia coli...
September 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Souradipta Ganguly, Taposh Kumar G, Sudarshan Mantha, Koustubh Panda
The bioavailability, tissue distribution and metabolic fate of the major tea polyphenols, catechins and theaflavins as well as their gallated derivatives are yet to be precisely elucidated on a single identification platform for assessment of their relative bioefficacy in vivo. This is primarily due to the lack of suitable analytical tools for their simultaneous determination especially in an in vivo setting, which continues to constrain the evaluation of their relative health beneficiary potential and therefore prospective therapeutic application...
2016: PloS One
Zhiwen Zhang, Yuping Wu, Xiaowei Li, Yingyu Wang, Hui Li, Qin Fu, Yawen Shan, Tianhe Liu, Xi Xia
This study describes the development of a multiresidue method for the efficient identification and quantification of nitroimidazoles, nitrofurans, and chloramphenicol in chicken and egg. After derivatization of nitrofuran metabolites, dispersive-solid phase extraction was used for the extraction of target analytes. An optimization strategy involved the selection of sorbents and extraction solutions for dispersive-solid phase extraction in order to achieve acceptably high recoveries and reduce co-extractives in the final extracts...
February 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Camila L de Camargo, Letícia S Shiroma, Gabriela F Giordano, Angelo L Gobbi, Luis C S Vieira, Renato S Lima
This paper addresses an important breakthrough in the deployment of ultra-high adhesion strength microfluidic technologies to provide turbulence at harsh flow rate conditions. This paper is only, to our knowledge, the second reporting on the generation of high flow rate-assisted turbulence in microchannels. This flow solves a crucial bottleneck in microfluidics: the generation of high throughput homogeneous mixings. We focused on the fabrication of bulky polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microchips (without any interfaces) rather than the laborious surface modifications that were employed in the first reporting about turbulence-assisted microfluidics...
October 12, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Jordan O Cox, Teresa Sikes DeCarmen, Yiwen Ouyang, Briony Strachan, Hillary Sloane, Cathey Connon, Kemper Gibson, Kimberly Jackson, James P Landers, Tracey Dawson Cruz
This work describes the development of a novel microdevice for forensic DNA processing of reference swabs. This microdevice incorporates an enzyme-based assay for DNA preparation, which allows for faster processing times and reduced sample handling. Infrared-mediated PCR (IR-PCR) is used for STR amplification using a custom reaction mixture, allowing for amplification of STR loci in 45 min while circumventing the limitations of traditional block thermocyclers. Uniquely positioned valves coupled with a simple rotational platform are used to exert fluidic control, eliminating the need for bulky external equipment...
September 12, 2016: Electrophoresis
Jin Guan, Chi Zhang, Yang Wang, Yiguang Guo, Peiting Huang, Longshan Zhao
A new analytical method was developed for simultaneous determination of 12 pharmaceuticals using ultrasound-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) followed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). Six nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs, ketoprofen, mefenamic acid, tolfenamic acid, naproxen, sulindac, and piroxicam) and six antibiotics (tinidazole, cefuroxime axetil, ciprofloxacin, sulfamethoxazole, sulfadiazine, and chloramphenicol) were extracted by ultrasound-assisted DLLME using dichloromethane (800 μL) and methanol/acetonitrile (1:1, v/v, 1200 μL) as the extraction and dispersive solvents, respectively...
November 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Sung Eun Cho, Sollip Kim, Young Dae Kim, Hyojung Lee, Dong Hee Seo, Junghan Song, Tae Hyun Um, Chong Rae Cho, Nam Hee Kim, Jong Hee Hwang
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the performance of ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) to measure serum 3-epi-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (3-epi-25(OH)D3), 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3), and 25-hydroxyvitamin D2 (25(OH)D2) levels in 519 infant, pediatric, and adolescent sera in Korea. METHODS: We used a Kinetex XB-C18 column and isocratic methanol/water (77.5/22.5, v/v) with 0.025% (v/v) HPLC solvent additive flowing at 0.25 mL/min, yielding an 11 min/sample run time...
September 9, 2016: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Deidre Meulenbroeks, Tjalina W O Hamerlynck, Sema Saglam-Kara, Nadia K Van Rijssel, Huib A A M Van Vliet, Benedictus C Schoot
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare polyp resection timeand myoma resection rate using 2 hysteroscopic tissue removal systems DESIGN: Prospective randomized in vitro trial (Canadian Task Force Classification I) SETTING: Clinical skills laboratory of a non-university teaching hospital SAMPLES: Polyp surrogate and myoma tissue INTERVENTIONS: Hysteroscopic tissue removal with the TRUCLEAR System, using the TRUCLEAR INCISOR 2.9 (TI), TRUCLEAR INCISOR Plus (TIP), or TRUCLEAR ULTRA Plus (TUP) device, and the MyoSure System, using the MyoSure Lite (ML), MyoSure Classic (MC), or MyoSure XL (MXL) device...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Tommaso P Fraccia, Gregory P Smith, Lucas Bethge, Giuliano Zanchetta, Giovanni Nava, Sven Klussmann, Noel A Clark, Tommaso Bellini
Liquid crystal ordering is reported in aqueous solutions of the oligomer 5'-ATTAp-3' and of the oligomer 5'-GCCGp-3'. In both systems, we quantitatively interpret ordering as stemming from the chaining of molecules via a "running-bond" type of pairing, a self-assembly process distinct from the duplex aggregation previously reported for longer oligonucleotides. While concentrated solutions of 5'-ATTAp-3' show only a columnar liquid crystal phase, solutions of 5'-GCCGp-3' display a rich phase diagram, featuring a chiral nematic phase analogous to those observed in solutions of longer oligonucleotides and two unconventional phases, a columnar crystal and, at high concentration, an isotropic amorphous gel...
September 27, 2016: ACS Nano
Henriette de Loor, Ruben Poesen, Wout De Leger, Wim Dehaen, Patrick Augustijns, Pieter Evenepoel, Björn Meijers
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with an increased risk of mortality and cardiovascular disease, which is, at least partly, mediated by the accumulation of so-called uremic retention solutes. Although there has been an increasing interest in the behavior of these solutes, derived from both the endogenous and colonic microbial metabolism, methods to simultaneously and accurately measure a broad panel of relevant uremic retention solutes remain scarce. We developed a highly sensitive ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method...
September 14, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Parthraj R Kshirsagar, Harsha Hegde, Sandeep R Pai
BACKGROUND AND AIM: This study was designed to understand the effect of storage in polypropylene microcentrifuge tubes and glass vials during ultra-flow liquid chromatographic (UFLC) analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One ml of methanol was placed in polypropylene microcentrifuge tubes (PP material, Autoclavable) and glass vials (Borosilicate) separately for 1, 2, 4, 8, 10, 20, 40, and 80 days intervals stored at -4°C. RESULTS: Contaminant peak was detected in methanol stored in polypropylene microcentrifuge tubes using UFLC analysis...
May 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Sol-Maiam Rivera Vélez, Alice Morassi, Michael H Court, Jennifer E Slovak, Nicolas F Villarino
Mycophenolic acid (MPA) is the active metabolite of the prodrug mycophenolate mofetil. In this study, we developed and validated a novel ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC) method for the rapid quantification of MPA in plasma from dogs, cats and humans. Following the protein precipitation, calibration standards and quality controls were separated by UHPLC reversed-phase on a 1.5μm 2.1×100mmC18 column and quantified using UV detection at 215nm. The procedure produced a linear curve (r(2)>0...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
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