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Physical medicine and rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777340/2017-update-of-the-turkish-league-against-rheumatism-tlar-evidence-based-recommendations-for-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#1
REVIEW
Tiraje Tuncer, Fatih Hasan Cay, Lale Altan, Gulcan Gurer, Cahit Kacar, Suheda Ozcakir, Sahap Atik, Figen Ayhan, Berrin Durmaz, Nurten Eskiyurt, Hakan Genc, Yesim GokceKutsal, Rezzan Gunaydin, Simin Hepguler, Sami Hizmetli, Taciser Kaya, Yesim Kurtais, Merih Saridogan, Dilsad Sindel, Serap Sutbeyaz, Omer Faruk Sendur, Hatice Ugurlu, Zeliha Unlu
In a Turkish League Against Rheumatism (TLAR) project, evidence-based recommendations for the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA) was developed for the first time in our country in 2012 (TLAR-2012). In accordance with developing medical knowledge and scientific evidence, recommendations were updated. The committee was composed of 22 physical medicine and rehabilitation specialists (4 have rheumatology subspeciality also) and an orthopaedic surgeon. Systematic literature search were applied on Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane and Turkish Medical Index for the dates between January the 1st 2012 and January the 29th of 2015...
May 17, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758294/american-academy-of-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-position-statement-on-opioid-prescribing
#2
Cathy Mendelsohn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743322/protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-of-the-care-for-stroke-intervention-in-india-a-smartphone-enabled-carer-supported-educational-intervention-for-management-of-disabilities-following-stroke
#3
K Sureshkumar, G V S Murthy, Hannah Kuper
INTRODUCTION: The rising prevalence of stroke and stroke-related disability witnessed globally over the past decades may cause an overwhelming demand for rehabilitation services. This situation is of concern for low-income and middle-income countries like India where the resources for rehabilitation are often limited. Recently, a smartphone-enabled carer-supported educational intervention for management of physical disabilities following stroke was developed in India. It was found to be feasible and acceptable, but evidence of effectiveness is lacking...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736101/comparative-study-of-two-systems-for-the-assessment-of-static-balance-in-veterans-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Azadeh Leland, Kamran Tavakol, Joel Scholten, Simin Bakhshi, Kaveh Kelarestaghi
Background: Traditionally, the diagnosis of postural instability relies on the clinical examination of static balance. In recent years, computerized technologies have provided a new approach for the accurate detection of positional changes during functional balance. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the similarities and differences between two electronic systems, NeuroCom and BioSensics , and their application in the clinical assessment of impaired balance in American veterans...
April 2018: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734955/academic-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-acute-care-consultations
#5
Shannon L MacDonald, Lawrence R Robinson
The objective of this study was to describe the provision of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation acute care consultations in the United States and Canada. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation department chairs/division directors at academic centers in Canada and the United States were mailed an 18-item questionnaire. Seven of 13 (54%) Canadian and 26/78 (33%) American surveys were returned. A majority of Canadian and American academic institutions provide acute care consultations; however, there were some national differences...
May 8, 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732985/treatment-of-chronic-articular-pain-in-adults-with-hemophilia
#6
E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
INTRODUCTION: Adult people with hemophilia (PWH) mainly use Factor VIII/Factor IX (FVIII/FIX) to lessen chronic articular pain, followed in frequency by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Analgesics are used by only one-third of adult PWH. Limitations in activities of daily living are encountered in the large majority of PWH, and most describe pain as affecting their state of mind. A review of the literature on their treatment is important because chronic pain in adult PWH is often undertreated or wrongly treated, causing psychological problems for these patients...
May 3, 2018: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728212/-admission-discharge-and-triage-guidelines-for-paediatric-intensive-care-units-in-spain
#7
Pedro de la Oliva, Francisco José Cambra-Lasaosa, Manuel Quintana-Díaz, Corsino Rey-Galán, Juan Ignacio Sánchez-Díaz, María Cruz Martín-Delgado, Juan Carlos de Carlos-Vicente, Ramón Hernández-Rastrollo, María Soledad Holanda-Peña, Francisco Javier Pilar-Orive, Esther Ocete-Hita, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez, Ana Serrano-González, Luis Blanch
A paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) is a separate physical facility or unit specifically designed for the treatment of paediatric patients who, because of the severity of illness or other life-threatening conditions, require comprehensive and continuous inten-sive care by a medical team with special skills in paediatric intensive care medicine. Timely and personal intervention in intensive care reduces mortality, reduces length of stay, and decreases cost of care. With the aim of defending the right of the child to receive the highest attainable standard of health and the facilities for the treatment of illness and rehabilitation, as well as ensuring the quality of care and the safety of critically ill paediatric patients, the Spanish Association of Paediatrics (AEP), Spanish Society of Paediatric Intensive Care (SECIP) and Spanish Society of Critical Care (SEMICYUC) have approved the guidelines for the admission, discharge and triage for Spanish PICUs...
May 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725987/characteristics-of-cancer-rehabilitation-fellowship-training-programs-in-the-usa
#8
Rajesh R Yadav, An T Ngo-Huang, Amy Ng, Jack B Fu, Christian Custodio, Eric Wisotzky, Raj Mitra, Eduardo Bruera
Cancer rehabilitation is emerging as a specialized field within Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. The purpose of this systemic review is to summarize the various cancer rehabilitation fellowship programs in the USA and the scope of training in this discipline. Currently, four institutions offer such a training program. All of the fellowship directors were contacted about characteristics of their programs. The oldest program has been in existence since 2007. All of these programs are 1 year in duration and have between one and two fellowship positions annually...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722511/evidence-based-position-paper-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-prm-professional-practice-for-people-with-cardiovascular-conditions-the-european-prm-position-uems-prm-section
#9
Alvydas Juocevicius, Aydan Oral, Aet Lukmann, Peter Takáč, Piotr Tederko, Ilze Hāznere, Catarina Aguiar-Branco, Milica Lazovic, Stefano Negrini, Enrique Varela Donoso, Nicolas Christodoulou
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular conditions are significant causes of mortality and morbidity leading to substantial disability. AIM: The aim of the paper is to improve Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) physicians' professional practice for persons with cardiovascular conditions in order to promote their functioning properties and to reduce activity limitations and/or participation restrictions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature and a Consensus procedure by means of a Delphi process has been performed involving the delegates of all European countries represented in the UEMS PRM Section...
May 2, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722510/evidence-based-position-paper-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-prm-professional-practice-for-people-with-respiratory-conditions-the-european-prm-position-uems-prm-section
#10
Aydan Oral, Alvydas Juocevicius, Aet Lukmann, Peter Takáč, Piotr Tederko, Ilze Hāznere, Catarina Aguiar-Branco, Milica Lazovic, Stefano Negrini, Enrique Varela Donoso, Nicolas Christodoulou
INTRODUCTION: Chronic respiratory conditions are among the top causes of death and disability. AIM: The aim of the paper is to improve Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM) physicians' professional practice for persons with chronic respiratory conditions in order to promote their functioning properties and to reduce activity limitations and/or participation restrictions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature and a Consensus procedure by means of a Delphi process has been performed involving the delegates of all European countries represented in the UEMS PRM Section...
May 2, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722183/near-infrared-low-level-laser-therapy-and-cell-proliferation-the-emerging-role-of-redox-sensitive-signal-transduction-pathways
#11
REVIEW
Mario Migliario, Maurizio Sabbatini, Carmen Mortellaro, Filippo Renò
Lasers devices are widely used in various medical fields (e.g. surgery, dermatology, dentistry, rehabilitative medicine, etc) for different applications, ranging from surgical ablation of tissues to biostimulation and pain relief. Laser is an electromagnetic radiation which effects on biological tissues strongly depends on a number of physical parameters. Laser wavelength, energy output, irradiation time and modality, temperature and tissue penetration properties have to be set up according to the clinical target tissue and the desired effect...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708945/a-musculoskeletal-look-to-sarcopenia-where-do-should-the-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-physicians-physiatrists-stand
#12
EDITORIAL
Levent Özçakar, Ayşe Merve Ata, Michael Quittan, Xanthi Michail
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699643/admission-discharge-and-triage-guidelines-for-paediatric-intensive-care-units-in-spain
#13
Pedro de la Oliva, Francisco José Cambra-Lasaosa, Manuel Quintana-Díaz, Corsino Rey-Galán, Juan Ignacio Sánchez-Díaz, María Cruz Martín-Delgado, Juan Carlos de Carlos-Vicente, Ramón Hernández-Rastrollo, María Soledad Holanda-Peña, Francisco Javier Pilar-Orive, Esther Ocete-Hita, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez, Ana Serrano-González, Luis Blanch
A paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) is a separate physical facility or unit specifically designed for the treatment of paediatric patients who, because of the severity of illness or other life-threatening conditions, require comprehensive and continuous inten-sive care by a medical team with special skills in paediatric intensive care medicine. Timely and personal intervention in intensive care reduces mortality, reduces length of stay, and decreases cost of care. With the aim of defending the right of the child to receive the highest attainable standard of health and the facilities for the treatment of illness and rehabilitation, as well as ensuring the quality of care and the safety of critically ill paediatric patients, the Spanish Association of Paediatrics (AEP), Spanish Society of Paediatric Intensive Care (SECIP) and Spanish Society of Critical Care (SEMICYUC) have approved the guidelines for the admission, discharge and triage for Spanish PICUs...
May 2018: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693032/survey-of-medical-students-attitude-and-knowledge-toward-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-in-isfahan-university-of-medical-sciences
#14
Saeed Khosrawi, Hadis Ramezanian, Roya Mollabashi
CONTEXT: Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PMR) is a specialized clinical field of musculoskeletal diseases and physical impairment that is unknown for most of the medical students. AIMS: This study aimed to assess medical students' attitude and knowledge toward PMR and its role in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal diseases. SETTING AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was done on 175 medical students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences from 2015 to 2016...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686550/evidence-based-pain-medicine-for-primary-care-physicians
#15
REVIEW
Graves T Owen, Brian M Bruel, C M Schade, Maxim S Eckmann, Erik C Hustak, Mitchell P Engle
The last several decades have seen a marked increase in both the recognition and treatment of chronic pain. Unfortunately, patients frequently misunderstand both the nature of pain and the best practices for its treatment. Because primary care physicians treat the majority of chronic pain, they are ideally situated to provide evidence-based pain care. The majority of the medical evidence supports a biopsychosocial model of pain that integrates physical, emotional, social, and cultural variables. The goal of this primer is to assist primary care physicians in their understanding of pain, evaluation of the chronic pain patient, and ability to direct evidence-based care...
January 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685065/noninvasive-brain-stimulation-challenges-and-opportunities-for-a-new-clinical-specialty
#16
Aaron D Boes, Michael S Kelly, Nicholas T Trapp, Adam P Stern, Daniel Z Press, Alvaro Pascual-Leone
Noninvasive brain stimulation refers to a set of technologies and techniques with which to modulate the excitability of the brain via transcranial stimulation. Two major modalities of noninvasive brain stimulation are transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial current stimulation. Six TMS devices now have approved uses by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and are used in clinical practice: five for treating medication refractory depression and the sixth for presurgical mapping of motor and speech areas...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684180/benchmarking-the-physical-therapist-academic-environment-to-understand-the-student-experience
#17
Richard K Shields, Shauna Dudley-Javoroski, Kelly J Sass, Marcie Becker
Background: Identifying excellence in physical therapist academic environments is complicated by the lack of nationally available benchmarking data. Objective: The objective of this study was to compare a physical therapist academic environment to another health care profession (medicine) academic environment using the Association of American Medical Colleges Graduation Questionnaire (GQ) survey. Design: The design consisted of longitudinal benchmarking...
April 19, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668401/phase-ii-randomized-controlled-trial-of-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-in-multiple-sclerosis-part-2-effect-on-white-matter-integrity
#18
Ameen Barghi, Jane B Allendorfer, Edward Taub, Brent Womble, Jarrod M Hicks, Gitendra Uswatte, Jerzy P Szaflarski, Victor W Mark
BACKGROUND: Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is a method of physical rehabilitation that has demonstrated clinical efficacy in patients with chronic stroke, cerebral palsy, and multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: This pilot randomized controlled trial tested whether CIMT can also induce increases in white matter integrity in patients with MS. METHODS: Twenty adults with chronic hemiparetic MS were randomized to receive either CIMT or complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatment (reported in the first article of this pair)...
March 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658673/-application-of-rehabilitation-medicine-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery
#19
Haijun Li, Zuobing Chen
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) has been widely used in perioperative optimization. As an important component of ERAS, rehabilitation medicine mainly focuses on perioperative physical fitness management, respiratory training, exercise training to reduce the incidence of postoperative pulmonary infection, improve gastrointestinal and cardiopulmonary function. This paper explains rehabilitation medicine for respiratory, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular and digestive systems during the perioperative period...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652950/-referral-to-rehabilitation-services-of-patients-discharged-from-a-general-hospital-with-a-potentially-disabling-condition
#20
Natalia Hofmann U, Carlo Paolinelli G, Ariel Castro L
Background Patients discharged from general hospitals with a potentially disabling condition can benefit in their recovery with the aid of physical medicine and rehabilitation services. Aim To determine the proportion of patients discharged from a general hospital with a potentially disabling condition, who were derived to physiatry for rehabilitation. Material and Methods Review of the discharge database of a general hospital, identifying all discharges with a potentially disabling condition, and those who were effectively derived for rehabilitation...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
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