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Physical medicine and rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918856/preliminary-investigation-into-sport-and-exercise-psychology-consultants-views-and-experiences-of-an-interprofessional-care-team-approach-to-sport-injury-rehabilitation
#1
Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Damien Clement
Sport injury rehabilitation has moved from predominately physical treatment to a more holistic care. However, limited research has explored the views and experiences of those involved in such an approach. The purpose of this study was to preliminarily investigate sport psychology consultants' (SPCs') views and experiences of an interprofessional team approach to sport injury rehabilitation. A cross-sectional online survey previously used with athletic trainers was distributed via a US-based sport/exercise psychology list-serve (N = 1245)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915068/effects-of-the-pulsed-ultrasound-therapy-on-sensory-nerve-conduction-parameters-and-the-pain-threshold-perceptions-in-humans
#2
Othmar Schuhfried, Damir Vukanovic, Christian Kollmann, Karin Pieber, Tatjana Paternostro-Sluga
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic ultrasound is a often used clinical modality in the non-surgical treatment of entrapment neuropathies. To date the possible mechanism of action of pulsed ultrasound therapy on the peripheral nerve in the treatment of entrapment neuropathies is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of pulsed ultrasound therapy on peripheral nerve conduction parameters. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, single blind, cross-over study...
November 30, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912999/palliative-care-and-physiatry-in-the-oncology-care-spectrum-an-opportunity-for-distinct-and-collaborative-approaches
#3
REVIEW
Vishwa S Raj, Julie K Silver, Terrence M Pugh, Jack B Fu
As cancer evolves from a terminal illness to a chronic medical condition, so too does the view of clinical services. Palliative care and physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) will increase in acceptance because they provide a valuable resource. The overarching theme is improving cancer-related symptoms or treatment-related side effects, improving patient health-related quality of life, lessening caregiver burden, and valuing patient-centered care and shared decision making. Managing symptom burden may improve therapy participation/performance...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904555/effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-hematologic-indices-of-women-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Yaser Jafari Shapoorabadi, Babak Vahdatpour, Mansour Salesi, Hadiseh Ramezanian
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of moderate aerobic exercise on the hemoglobin, hematocrit, and red blood cell (RBC) mass of women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted at the Specialized Clinic of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Al-Zahra Hospital of Isfahan, during a 4-month period in 2014. We included patients with RA who did not have any malignancy and hematologic disorder. Two groups - one group receiving aerobic therapy along with medical therapy (N = 16) and the other group receiving medical therapy alone (N = 17) both for a period of 8 weeks...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882909/european-initiative-for-the-application-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-development-of-clinical-assessment-schedules-for-specified-rehabilitation-services
#5
Birgit Prodinger, Anke Scheel-Sailer, Reuben Escorpizo, Gerold Stucki
BACKGROUND: Clinical assessment schedule (CLAS) is a core part of the ICF-based implementation of functioning reporting across health conditions and along the continuum of care. AIM: The Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Section and Board of the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS PRM) workshop held in January 2016 aimed to develop and specify a CLAS within the context of rehabilitation services. SETTING: UEMS PRM Workshop in Nottwil, Switzerland, January 2016...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882908/european-initiative-for-the-application-of-the-international-classification-of-service-organization-in-health-related-rehabilitation-icso-r
#6
Carlotte Kiekens, Thorsten Meyer, Francesca Gimigliano, Cristiana Baffone, Christoph M Gutenbrunner
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) should be used as the framework for the development of a clinical assessment schedule for clinical quality management of health-related rehabilitation services. For the description of rehabilitation services a working group of the ISPRM-WHO-Liaison Committee proposed an instrument called "International Classification System for Service Organization in Health-related Rehabilitation" or ICSO-R. AIM: To test the applicability and feasibility of ICSO-R to describe rehabilitation services and to propose further improvements...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882907/practice-science-and-governance-in-interaction-european-effort-for-the-system-wide-implementation-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf-in-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine
#7
Gerold Stucki, Mauro Zampolini, Alvydas Juocevicius, Stefano Negrini, Nicolas Christodoulou
Since its launch in 2001, relevant international, regional and national PRM bodies have aimed to implement the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM), whereby contributing to the development of suitable practical tools. These tools are available for implementing the ICF in day-to-day clinical practice, standardized reporting of functioning outcomes in quality management and research, and guiding evidence-informed policy. Educational efforts have reinforced PRM physicians' and other rehabilitation professionals' ICF knowledge, and numerous implementation projects have explored how the ICF is applied in clinical practice, research and policy...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878317/-what-is-currently-available-for-sport-medicine-therapy
#8
U Tegtbur
After 30 years of age physical capacity decreases with increasing age by 5-20% per decade. High physical activity in daily life as well as exercise training of endurance, strength, coordination and mobility can delay the functional and anatomical loss of muscle, bone, cartilage and connective tissue by more than 10 years. In recent years, numerous concepts have scientifically been proven in the exercise therapy of internal diseases; therefore, similar to drug treatment, cellular mechanisms of exercise training adaptation are known in detail...
December 2016: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875757/the-effect-of-body-mass-index-on-fluoroscopy-time-and-radiation-dose-in-intra-articular-glenohumeral-joint-injections
#9
Ryan Mattie, Zachary L McCormick, Benjamin Fogg, Daniel M Cushman
PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and fluoroscopy time and radiation dose during fluoroscopy-guided glenohumeral joint injections. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Physicians with board certification in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and/or Sports Medicine performed or supervised all injections. BMI was calculated within three months of the injection. Fluoroscopy time and radiation dose data were recorded by the fluoroscopy system and transcribed into the clinical database after each procedure...
November 16, 2016: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866517/-impact-and-effect-of-preoperative-short-term-pulmonary-rehabilitation-training-on-%C3%A2-lung-cancer-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-%C3%A2-a-randomized-trial
#10
Yutian Lai, Jianhua Su, Mei Yang, Kun Zhou, Guowei Che
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is proposed as an effective strategy to decrease surgical morbidity. However, appropriate rehabilitation plan, initiation time, and optimal duration of PR remain unclear. Lung cancer patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are considered high-risk population for postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) because of poor lung fitness and cardiopulmonary endurance. This study aims to assess the impact of a one-week, systematic and highly-intensive rehabilitation on surgical lung cancer patients with mild to moderate COPD...
November 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858678/clinicians-perspective-of-the-current-diagnostic-criteria-for-myofascial-pain-syndrome
#11
L Grosman-Rimon, Hance Clarke, Patricia Branco Mills, Aaron Kin-Yun Chan, Dinesh Kumbhare
INTRODUCTION: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the most common chronic musculoskeletal pain disorders. However, MPS is often under-diagnosed. The purpose of this study was to characterize practicing clinicians' perspectives of the current diagnostic criteria for MPS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used with a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire evaluated clinicians' perspective of the current diagnostic criteria for MPS. The sample population (n= 119) consisted of 40% family physicians, 31% physical medicine (PM) and rehabilitation specialists, 11% rheumatologists, 10% emergency room (ER) physicians, and 8% anesthesiologists specializing in chronic pain...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852706/efficacy-of-two-injection-site-localisation-techniques-for-botulinum-toxin-injections-a-single-blind-crossover-randomised-trial-protocol-among-adults-with-hemiplegia-due-to-stroke
#12
Claire Morel, Isabelle Hauret, Nicolas Andant, Armand Bonnin, Bruno Pereira, Emmanuel Coudeyre
INTRODUCTION: Botulinum toxin injections are an effective treatment for limb spasticity following stroke. Different tracking techniques are used for this purpose: palpation, electrostimulation, electromyography and ultrasound. Yet very few studies have compared these different techniques, and none has successfully proved the superior efficacy of ultrasound-guided injections compared to another tracking method. The primary objective of our study was therefore to compare the efficacy of botulinum toxin injections depending on the tracking technique used: ultrasound versus electrostimulation...
November 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849130/treatment-of-muscle-injuries-in-football
#13
Peter Ueblacker, Lutz Haensel, Hans-Wilhelm Mueller-Wohlfahrt
Muscle injuries are frequent and represent one of the most substantial medical problems in professional football. They can have both traumatic and overuse causes with direct practical consequence due to differences in terms of the post-primary care regimen and prognosis. An accurate diagnosis is the first step towards a specific treatment and usually allows to predict return to play (RTP). Current treatment principles have no firm scientific basis; they are practiced largely as empirical medicine due to a lack of prospective randomised studies...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845505/education-of-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-specialists-across-europe-a-call-for-harmonisation
#14
Carlotte Kiekens, Maximiliaan Moyaert, Maria G Ceravolo, Sasa Moslavac, Alvydas Juocevicius, Nicolas Christodoulou, Stefano Negrini
BACKGROUND: PRM is well established in Europe and officially recognised by the Union Européenne des Médecins Spécialistes (UEMS). The European PRM Board works to promote patient safety and quality of care through the development of the highest standards of medical training and healthcare across Europe as well as the harmonisation of PRM specialists' qualifications. In its Action Plan for 2014-2018, the UEMS PRM Board has included the harmonisation of the PRM curriculum among the EU countries, as one of its main goals...
November 15, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845297/pain-perception-in-athletes-a-brief-review
#15
L Kakiashvili, M Tsagareli, D Mjavanadze, I Kvachadze
Pain is almost synonymous with sport. For many athletes, pain is a normal everyday experience and success is often achieved in spite of pain. However, pain can restrict the ability to concentrate on performance and take away the opportunity to compete. It can even end sporting careers. Therefore, the relationship between pain and sport is filled with challenges for athletes. One consequence and response that sport researchers have focused on is the pain associated with injury. Sport medicine professionals have directed the major part of their research and rehabilitation attention towards the physical recovery, but psychological factors are also very important for injured athletes...
October 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829824/the-prevalence-of-pronator-teres-among-patients-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-cross-sectional-study
#16
Mahsa Asheghan, Mohammad Taghi Hollisaz, Abbas Shahabi Aghdam, Amidoddin Khatibiaghda
The aim of conducting this study was to determine the prevalence of PTS among patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. The study was conducted from March 2014 to April 2015 in the EDX ward and clinic of physical medicine and rehabilitation at the university hospital; Baqiytallah, a large referral practice and research center in Tehran. We included patients with clinical symptoms and signs of CTS. Clinical assessments were aimed to the diagnosis of CTS and PTS. At the next stage, ultrasound study was performed for the participants with suspected CTS...
September 2016: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825146/regenerative-and-rehabilitative-medicine-a-necessary-synergy-for-functional-recovery-from-volumetric-muscle-loss-injury
#17
Sarah M Greising, Christopher L Dearth, Benjamin T Corona
Volumetric muscle loss (VML) is a complex and heterogeneous problem due to significant traumatic or surgical loss of skeletal muscle tissue. The consequences of VML are substantial functional deficits in joint range of motion and skeletal muscle strength, resulting in life-long dysfunction and disability. Traditional physical medicine and rehabilitation paradigms do not address the magnitude of force loss due to VML and related musculoskeletal comorbidities. Recent advancements in regenerative medicine have set forth encouraging and emerging therapeutic options for VML injuries...
2016: Cells, Tissues, Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816913/laser-acupuncture-treatment-improves-pain-and-functional-status-in-patients-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-a-randomized-double-blind-sham-controlled-study
#18
Sibel Kibar, Hatice Ecem Konak, Deniz Evcik, Saime Ay
OBJECTIVE:  The present study aims to determine the effect of laser acupuncture in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). DESIGN:  Randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study. SETTING:  Physical medicine and rehabilitation outpatient clinic. SUBJECTS:  A total 73 patients with SAIS were randomly assigned into a treatment group (n = 36) and a control group (n = 37). METHODS : The treatment group received laser acupuncture, and the control group received sham laser acupuncture...
November 5, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806816/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-single-lower-limb-amputation
#19
Aliya Hisam, Fatimah Ashraf, Mariam Nadeem Rana, Yumna Waqar, Sumaiyya Karim, Fatima Irfan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of age, cause of amputation, and anatomic level of amputation on the health related quality of life (HRQOL) in individuals with unilateral lower limb amputation. STUDY DESIGN: Across-sectional survey. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Armed Forces Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine, from August 2014 to February 2015. METHODOLOGY: Short Form-36 (SF-36) health related quality of life (HRQOL)...
October 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788900/rehabilitation-considerations-in-regenerative-medicine
#20
REVIEW
Penny L Head
Rehabilitation and regenerative medicine therapies has shown improved outcomes for tissue regeneration. Regenerative rehabilitation guides protocols regarding when to start therapy, types of stimuli administered, and graded exercise programs, taking into account biological factors and technologies designed to optimize healing potential. Although there are currently no evidence-based guidelines for rehabilitation, fundamental physical therapy principles likely apply. Immobilization tends to have deleterious effects on musculoskeletal tissues; mechanical loading promotes tissue healing and regeneration...
November 2016: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
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