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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457489/shingrix-the-new-adjuvanted-recombinant-herpes-zoster-vaccine
#1
Stephanie F James, Elias B Chahine, Allana J Sucher, Cassandra Hanna
OBJECTIVES: To review the immunogenicity, efficacy, and safety of the herpes zoster subunit vaccine (HZ/su) for use in adult patients for the prevention of shingles. DATA SOURCES: A literature search through PubMed was conducted (June 2008 to October 2017) using the terms shingles vaccine and varicella zoster virus. References from retrieved articles and the prescribing information were also reviewed for any additional material. STUDY SELECTION/DATA EXTRACTION: The literature search was limited to human studies published in English...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453677/changes-in-medicine-prescription-following-a-medication-review-in-older-high-risk-patients-with-polypharmacy
#2
Marian Z M Hurmuz, Sarah I M Janus, Jeannette G van Manen
Background The more (inappropriate) drugs a patient uses, the higher the risk of drug related problems. To reduce these risks, medication reviews can be performed. Objective To report changes in the prescribed number of (potentially inappropriate) drugs before and after performing a medication review in high-risk polypharmacy patients. A secondary objective was to study reasons for continuing potentially inappropriate drugs (PIDs). Setting Dutch community pharmacy and general medical practice. Methods A retrospective longitudinal intervention study with a pre-test/post-test design and follow-up of 1 week and 3 months was performed...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446064/roles-of-community-pharmacists-in-improving-oral-health-awareness-in-plateau-state-northern-nigeria
#3
Olaniyi Olufemi Taiwo, Raymond Panas
INTRODUCTION: There is poor oral health awareness in Nigeria because of limited access to correct information on oral health as well as a lack of oral health-care providers. The purpose of this study was to describe the roles of community pharmacists (CPs) in Plateau State, Northern Nigeria, as sources of oral health information in their communities. METHODS: A quantitative cross-sectional study on CPs spanning the entire State. Data collection was a survey method using a structured paper-based self-administered questionnaire...
February 15, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445453/the-european-falsified-medicines-directive-in-poland-background-implementation-and-potential-recommendations-for-pharmacists
#4
Piotr Merks, Damian Swieczkowski, Michal Byliniak, Mariola Drozd, Katarzyna Krupa, Milosz Jaguszewski, David A Brindley, Bernard D Naughton
By February 2019, the Polish pharmaceutical industry, community and hospital pharmacies, wholesalers and parallel traders must all comply with the EU-wide Falsified Medicines Directive (FMD) legislation (2011/62/EU), to ensure that no medicinal product is dispensed to a patient without proper tracking and authentication. Here we describe how Poland is complying with the new EU regulations, the actions that have been taken to incorporate the FMD into Polish Pharmaceutical Law and whether or not these actions are sufficient...
January 2018: European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy. Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444752/a-review-of-international-pharmacy-based-minor-ailment-services-and-proposed-service-design-model
#5
REVIEW
Mariyam Aly, Victoria García-Cárdenas, Kylie Williams, Shalom I Benrimoj
BACKGROUND: The need to consider sustainable healthcare solutions is essential. An innovative strategy used to promote minor ailment care is the utilisation of community pharmacists to deliver minor ailment services (MASs). Promoting higher levels of self-care can potentially reduce the strain on existing resources. AIM: To explore the features of international MASs, including their similarities and differences, and consider the essential elements to design a MAS model...
January 5, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442280/patient-satisfaction-with-a-chronic-kidney-disease-risk-assessment-service-in-community-pharmacies
#6
Pankti A Gheewala, Gregory M Peterson, Syed Tabish R Zaidi, Matthew D Jose, Ronald L Castelino
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction is an important determinant of the feasibility and sustainability of community pharmacy screening services. However, few studies have evaluated this, with no such study performed for a chronic kidney disease risk assessment service. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine patient satisfaction with a chronic kidney disease risk assessment service performed in community pharmacies. SETTING: Community pharmacies in the state of Tasmania, Australia...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442055/incidence-of-statin-drug-interactions-in-croatian-community-pharmacy
#7
I Samardzic, I Benkovic, V Bacic Vrca
Statins are among the most frequently issued drugs that patients usually need to take for a lifetime. They are often an integral part of a polytherapeutic approach in preventing and treating cardiovascular diseases. As such, they might often interact with drugs prescribed for treating acute and chronic conditions. A pharmacist is the final professional control before a drug reaches the patient and his role in preventing drug-drug interactions is crucial. The objective of this research was to analyse the incidence and relevance of potential drug interactions with statins in community pharmacy...
March 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440945/molecular-epidemiology-of-the-community-associated-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-clones-a-synthetic-review
#8
REVIEW
Lia Monica Junie, Ionuţ Isaia Jeican, Luminiţa Matroş, Stanca Lucia Pandrea
The article presents a synthetic molecular characterization of the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and describes the most important community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) clones that circulate nowadays in the world: the main molecular and epidemiological characteristics, as well as notions related to the clinic of infections produced by these clones and their antibiotic resistance spectrum. The predominant clone of CA-MRSA in North America is USA300 - ST8-IV in North America, in Australia - Queensland (Qld) MRSA (ST93-IV), in Europe - ST80-IV, in Asia there is a high heterogeneity of clones population, in Africa the distribution of CA-MRSA clones is unclear, and in South America - USA 1100 and USA300-Latin American variant are predominant...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439927/characterization-of-pharmacists-interventions-in-asthma-management-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Carmen Crespo-Gonzalez, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Inajara Rotta, Cassyano J Correr, Shalom I Benrimoj, Victoria Garcia-Cardenas
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacists have adopted an active role in asthma management. This review aimed to analyze the intervention dose, understood as the "amount of program delivered," and core components of the intervention provided by pharmacists in asthma management. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was conducted in December 2016 using PubMed. STUDY SELECTION: A 2-stage approach was used. At the first stage, systematic reviews of pharmacists' interventions in asthma management were identified...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436015/medical-prescriptions-falsified-by-the-patients-a-twelve-year-national-monitoring-to-assess-prescription-drug-diversion
#10
Emilie Jouanjus, Grégory Guernec, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre
Diversion of prescription drugs is difficult to assess in quality and quantity. This study aimed to characterize diversion of prescription drugs in France through a comparative analysis of falsified prescriptions collected during three periods from 2001 to 2012. The data recorded in a national program which records all falsified prescriptions presented to community pharmacies were studied. Included data regarded: subjects, prescription forms and drugs. Description of the dataset in 3 periods (2001-2004, 2005-2008, and 2009-2012) was completed with clustering analyses to characterize profiles of prescriptions and subjects associated with the most reported drugs...
February 13, 2018: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435911/efficacy-of-a-telephone-based-intervention-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-pharmacy-practice
#11
Amir Sarayani, Mojgan Mashayekhi, Marzieh Nosrati, Zahra Jahangard-Rafsanjani, Mohammadreza Javadi, Navid Saadat, Sheyda Najafi, Kheirollah Gholami
Background Pharmacists' interventions to improve outcomes of diabetes management have been promising. However, evidence on using telephone-based interventions in pharmacy practice are limited, particularly in developing countries. Objective To evaluate the efficacy of a telephone-based intervention to improve care and clinical outcomes in type-2 diabetes. Setting A referral community pharmacy and drug information center. Method We conducted a two-armed randomized controlled trial on 100 patients with type-2 diabetes...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435910/the-impact-of-cardiovascular-medication-use-on-patients-daily-lives-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Danielle M van der Laan, Petra J M Elders, Christel C L M Boons, Giel Nijpels, Janet Krska, Jacqueline G Hugtenburg
Background The management of multiple long-term medicines of patients with chronic diseases creates a burden for patients. However, limited research is performed on its impact on patients' daily lives. Objective The aim of this study was to explore the impact of cardiovascular medication on different daily life aspects and to examine differences of these aspects between adherent and non-adherent patients. Setting Two community pharmacies in the Netherlands. Method In this cross-sectional study patients (≥ 45 years) using cardiovascular medication participated...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428578/treatment-practices-of-households-and-antibiotic-dispensing-in-medicine-outlets-in-developing-countries-the-case-of-ghana
#13
Mary-Anne Ahiabu, Pascal Magnussen, Ib Christian Bygbjerg, Britt Pinkowski Tersbøl
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotic resistance, associated with inappropriate drug use, is a global public health threat. The pharmaceutical sectors in developing countries are poorly regulated leading to antibiotic sales and use without a prescription. The study documents the treatment of acute illnesses in households and the antibiotic dispensing practices of medicine sales outlets in Eastern region, Ghana. METHOD: Twice-weekly illness recall visits were made to 12 households in three rural communities over eight consecutive weeks...
February 7, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423781/older-patients-compliance-with-drug-storage-recommendations
#14
Nicolaas D Vlieland, Bart J F van den Bemt, Charlotte L Bekker, Marcel L Bouvy, Toine C G Egberts, Helga Gardarsdottir
BACKGROUND: Whereas storage conditions are regulated and closely monitored in every stage of the drug supply chain before drug dispensing, it is unknown if patients store drugs at home according to storage recommendations. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate how older patients store their prescription drugs at home and to what extent they comply with drug storage recommendations. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study between October 2015 and March 2016...
February 8, 2018: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415718/moving-anticoagulation-initiation-and-monitoring-services-into-the-community-evaluation-of-the-brighton-and-hove-community-pharmacy-service
#15
Samantha J Ingram, Charlotte L Kirkdale, Sian Williams, Elaine Hartley, Susan Wintle, Valerie Sefton, Tracey Thornley
BACKGROUND: As part of the NHS desire to move services closer to where people live, and provide greater accessibility and convenience to patients, Brighton and Hove Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) underwent a review of their anticoagulation services during 2008. The outcome was to shift the initiation and monitoring service in secondary care for non-complex patients, including domiciliary patients, into the community. This was achieved via a procurement process in 2008 resulting in the Community Pharmacy Anticoagulation Management Service (CPAMs) managed by Boots UK (a large chain of community pharmacies across the United Kingdom)...
February 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408980/detecting-persons-at-risk-for-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-using-findrisc-results-from-a-community-pharmacy-based-study
#16
Sonja Milovanovic, Andrea Silenzi, Flavia Kheiraoui, Giuseppe Ventriglia, Stefania Boccia, Andrea Poscia
Background: This cross-sectional study has been developed within the framework of the Italian project 'We love your heart' ('Ci sta a cuore il tuo cuore') and reports the results of the initial type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) risk assessment carried out in a big network of community pharmacies in Italy and Spain. Methods: In total 4002 pharmacists from 854pharmacies were specifically trained to collect data and perform the evaluation of the probability of developing T2DM among pharmacy customers...
February 2, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404965/medication-profiles-of-patients-with-cognitive-impairment-and-high-anticholinergic-burden
#17
Ariel R Green, Liza M Reifler, Cynthia M Boyd, Linda A Weffald, Elizabeth A Bayliss
BACKGROUND: Drugs with anticholinergic properties are considered potentially inappropriate in patients with cognitive impairment because harms-including delirium, falls, and fractures-may outweigh benefits. OBJECTIVE: To highlight opportunities to improve clinical decision making and care for patients with cognitive impairment and multiple chronic conditions, we identified distinct subgroups of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia who had high cumulative anticholinergic burden and specific patterns of anticholinergic use...
February 5, 2018: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404780/pharmaceutical-interventions-on-prescribed-medicines-in-community-pharmacies-focus-on-patient-reported-problems
#18
Karen A Maes, Kurt E Hersberger, Markus L Lampert
Background While dispensing prescribed medicines, pharmacists frequently encounter technical and clinical problems that require a pharmaceutical intervention. Objective To describe the pharmaceutical interventions performed by community pharmacists while dispensing prescribed medicines and to investigate, in-depth, the patient-reported problems with the prescribed medicines that triggered pharmaceutical interventions. Method Twenty-one pharmacists each collected 30 prescriptions requiring a pharmaceutical intervention on five selected days within a five-week period...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403295/knowledge-of-community-pharmacists-about-antibiotics-and-their-perceptions-and-practices-regarding-antimicrobial-stewardship-a-cross-sectional-study-in-punjab-pakistan
#19
Muhammad Rehan Sarwar, Anum Saqib, Sadia Iftikhar, Tayyaba Sadiq
Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of community pharmacists about antibiotics, and their perceptions and practices toward antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) in Punjab, Pakistan. Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among community pharmacists in Punjab, Pakistan from April 1, 2017 to May 31, 2017. A self-administered and pretested questionnaire was used for data collection. A simple random-sampling method was used to select community pharmacies...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403267/assessment-of-medication-adherence-and-responsible-use-of-isotretinoin-and-contraception-through-belgian-community-pharmacies-by-using-pharmacy-refill-data
#20
Natacha Biset, Mélanie Lelubre, Christelle Senterre, Karim Amighi, Olivier Bugnon, Marie P Schneider, Carine De Vriese
Purpose: The aims of the study were to evaluate medication adherence and the influencing factors for isotretinoin and contraception (oral, patches, and rings) and to evaluate the concomitant use of contraception and isotretinoin. Methods: Reimbursed prescription data from January 2012 to August 2015 of all patients in Belgium were received from Pharmanet-National Institute for Health and Disability Insurance. Medication adherence was measured according to the medication possession ratio...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
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