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Community pharmacy

Lara Tânia de Assumpção Domingues Gonçalves de Oliveira, Camila Pontes da Silva, Maria das Vitorias Guedes, Ana Célia de Oliveira Sousa, Flávio Sarno
Objectives: To describe indicators and processes developed and implemented for pharmaceutical assistance at the Einstein Program at Paraisópolis Community pharmacy. Methods: This was a descriptive study of retrospective data from January 2012 to December 2015. Data were obtained from spreadsheets developed for monitoring the productivity and care quality provided at the pharmacy. The evaluated variables were pharmaceutical assistance to prescription, pharmaceutical intervention, orientation (standard and pharmaceutical) and pharmaceutical orientation rate...
July 2016: Einstein
R Soumya, Vijayalakshmi Devarashetty, C R Jayanthi, M Sushma
OBJECTIVES: Pharmacists are one of the crucial focal points for health care in the community. They have tremendous outreach to the public as pharmacies are often the first-port-of-call. With the increase of ready-to-use drugs, the main health-related activity of a pharmacist today is to assure the quality of dispensing, a key element to promote rational medicine use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 200 pharmacies, 100 each in various residential (R) and commercial (C) areas of Bengaluru, was conducted using a prevalidated questionnaire administered to the chief pharmacist or the person-in-charge by the investigators...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Michelle A Fritsch, Nathan Culver, Nicole Culhane, Jonathan Thigpen, Anne Lin
Objective. To incorporate direct patient care and service components throughout a 4-year pharmacy program to enable students to apply knowledge learned in the classroom and develop the human and caring dimensions of Fink's Taxonomy of Significant Learning. Design. Groups of 10-12 students and a faculty advisor partnered with a local agency serving an underserved population of the greater Baltimore area to provide seven hours of service per student each semester. Activities were determined based on students' skills and agency needs...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Justin Gatwood, Christina A Spivey, Susan E Dickey
Objective. To compare the net cumulative income of community pharmacists, hospital pharmacists, and full-time pharmacy faculty members (residency-trained or with a PhD after obtaining a PharmD) in pharmacy practice, medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutics, pharmacology, and social and administrative sciences. Methods. Markov modeling was conducted to calculate net projected cumulative earnings of career paths by estimating the costs of education, including the costs of obtaining degrees and student loans. Results...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Jennifer L Bacci, Tolu P Akinwale, Alex J Adams, Melissa Somma McGivney
Objective. To identify community pharmacy shared faculty members across the United States and to describe their roles and responsibilities in terms of teaching, service, and scholarship. Methods. This study was a mixed-methods analysis using surveys and key informant interviews. Results. Twenty-two faculty members completed the survey; nine were interviewed. Their major roles and responsibilities included teaching in community-based and experiential learning courses, precepting students and/or residents, being actively involved in professional organizations, providing patient care while leading innovation, and disseminating findings through scholarship...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Mirai Mourad Sadek, Asim Ahmed Elnour, Naama M S Al Kalbani, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Mohamed A Baraka, Alaa Mohammed Abdul Aziz, Abdulla Shehab
Background: The pharmaceutical care and 'extended' roles are still not practiced optimally by community pharmacists. Several studies have discussed the practice of community pharmacy in the UAE and have shown that most community pharmacists only counsel patients. However, UAE, has taken initiatives to allow and prepare community pharmacists to practice 'extended' roles. Aim of the review: The aim was to review the current roles of community pharmacists in Abu Dhabi Emirate, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Objective: The objective was to encourage community pharmacists toward extending their practice roles...
September 2016: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Hamde Nazar, Steven Brice, Nasima Akhter, Adetayo Kasim, Ann Gunning, Sarah P Slight, Neil W Watson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate an electronic patient referral system from one UK hospital Trust to community pharmacies across the North East of England. SETTING: Two hospital sites in Newcastle-upon-Tyne and 207 community pharmacies. PARTICIPANTS: Inpatients who were considered to benefit from on-going support and continuity of care after leaving hospital. INTERVENTION: Electronic transmission of an information related to patient's medicines to their nominated community pharmacy...
October 14, 2016: BMJ Open
Erin Davis, Carlo Marra, John-Michael Gamble, Jamie Farrell, Joe Lockyer, J Mark FitzGerald, Waseem Abu-Ashour, Charlie Gillis, John Hawboldt
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are often nonadherent with medications and have poor inhaler technique. Community pharmacists can help to improve health-related quality of life and overall outcomes in patients with COPD. We aim to measure the effectiveness of a systematic, pharmacist-driven intervention on patients with diagnosed COPD. METHODS/DESIGN: This pragmatic, parallel-group, cluster randomized controlled trial is designed to determine the effectiveness of a multifactorial, pharmacist-led intervention on medication adherence, inhaler technique, health-related quality of life, health care resource utilization including COPD exacerbations, and use of medications...
October 13, 2016: Trials
Andrea L Murphy, Ruth Martin-Misener, Stan P Kutcher, Claire L O'Reilly, Timothy F Chen, David M Gardner
BACKGROUND: The role of community pharmacists is changing globally with pharmacists engaging in more clinically-oriented roles, including in mental health care. Pharmacists' interventions have been shown to improve mental health related outcomes but various barriers can limit pharmacists in their care of patients. We aimed to explore the experiences of people with lived experience of mental illness and addictions in community pharmacies to generate findings to inform practice improvements...
October 12, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
G P Senadheera, S Sri Ranganathan, G Patabendige, G H Fernando, D Gamage, R M Maneke, B M Fernandopulle
OBJECTIVES: Antibacterial resistance (ABR) is a public threat. Sri Lanka is a country with limited surveillance of ABR in the community. The WHO methodology was adapted to identify ABR in outpatient settings (nonhospitalised patients) and its link to consumption of antibiotics. METHODS: It was a cross-sectional descriptive community based study to collect ABR data from Out Patient Department (OPD) of two leading Teaching Hospitals in Colombo district. The indicator organism Escherichia coli (E...
2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
Jin Tokunaga, Norito Takamura, Yasuyuki Kourogi, Misato Imada, Ayaka Kozasa, Kanako Komori, Chisa Ono, Akie Nishimura, Kenji Ogata, Nao Setoguchi, Toshikazu Matsuoka, Mitsuhiro Kai, Keizo Sato, Kazuhiko Arimori
 We utilized the information and communication technology to develop the physical assessment (PA) learning materials in the virtual experience type. This learning material consists of two parts which include case learning and basic learning. We created example scenarios about various conditions that a pharmacist may experience in medical scenes such as in a hospital ward, community pharmacy, home, and drugstore. Illustrations of a virtual patient's avatar before and after taking the medicines were incorporated in the learning materials...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Keiko Kishimoto, Akiko Hasaka, Katsunori Yamaura, Noriko Fukushima
 Pharmacy is required to shift toward human service such as hearing the complaints of health. But the study about help-seeking behavior to pharmacist is not really investigated. We hypothesized that a decrease in expression visibility, due to pharmacists' typical masks, may negatively impact help-seeker' trust in pharmacist. The sample included 100 drugstore customers aged ≥18 years. Participants were stratified by gender and randomly assigned to two groups: evaluation of clear-masked and normal-masked pharmacists...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Ian Bates, Christopher John, Andreia Bruno, Pamela Fu, Shirin Aliabadi
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there is a global healthcare workforce shortage of 7.2 million, which is predicted to grow to 12.9 million by 2035. Globally, people are living longer with multiple co-morbidities and require increased access and use of medicines. Pharmacists are a key component of the healthcare workforce, and in many countries, pharmacists are the most accessible healthcare profession. This paper identifies key issues and current trends affecting the global pharmacy workforce, in particular workforce distribution, country economic status, capacity, and workforce gender balance...
October 10, 2016: Human Resources for Health
David F Blackburn, David Tran, Courtney Quiring
OBJECTIVES: To describe medication adherence by the proportion of days covered before and after enrollment in a refill synchronization program. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of medication adherence in 2 pharmacies offering a refill synchronization program. The study population consisted of individuals who received 2 or more medications from any of 15 predefined medication classes within 6 months of enrollment in the synchronization program. Medication adherence and refill consolidation were measured over 6 months before and after enrollment...
October 5, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
C L Kirkdale, G Nebout, M Taitel, J Rubin, I Jacinto, R Horta, F Megerlin, T Thornley
Improving influenza vaccination coverage has been, and still remains a challenge internationally. There are now many examples where countries have pursued a pharmacist-led influenza vaccination service in order to enhance vaccination coverage of at-risk populations. England, Portugal and the United States are successful examples where their experience implementing this service can now be explored retrospectively and learnt from. This review aims to provide evidence to help overcome barriers to commissioning and implementation of such services in countries new to the experience...
October 4, 2016: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
C L Kirkdale, G Nebout, F Megerlin, T Thornley
Seasonal influenza is a major cause of excess winter deaths and increased hospital admissions. There is a high level of economic burden associated with the infection. Although vaccination targets have been set to tackle this international issue, many countries struggle to reach these coverage targets for their at-risk populations using traditional delivery methods. Traditional providers include family doctors and nurses; however, pharmacist-led influenza vaccination has become a more commonly utilised aid to support vaccination targets...
October 4, 2016: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
Jennifer E Pelletier, Caitlin E Caspi, Liana R N Schreiber, Darin J Erickson, Lisa Harnack, Melissa N Laska
BACKGROUND: Customer intercept interviews are increasingly used to characterize food purchases at retail food outlets and restaurants; however, methodological procedures, logistical issues and response rates using intercept methods are not well described in the food environment literature. The aims of this manuscript were to 1) describe the development and implementation of a customer intercept interview protocol in a large, NIH-funded study assessing food purchases in small and midsize food retailers in Minneapolis and St...
October 5, 2016: BMC Public Health
Randall C Burson, Alison M Buttenheim, Allison Armstrong, Kristen A Feemster
Vaccine-preventable deaths amongst adults remain a major public health concern, despite continued efforts to increase vaccination rates in this population. Alternative approaches to immunization delivery may help address under-vaccination amongst adults. This systematic review assesses the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of community pharmacies as sites for adult vaccination. We searched 5 electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Cochrane, LILACS) for studies published prior to June 2016 and identified 47 relevant articles...
August 15, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Noll L Campbell, Anthony J Perkins, Pamela Bradt, Sinem Perk, Ronald C Wielage, Malaz A Boustani, Daniel B Ng
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden (ACB) score and both cognitive impairment and health care utilization among a diverse ambulatory older adult population. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. DATA SOURCE: Medication exposure and other clinical data were extracted from the Regenstrief Medical Record System (RMRS), and cognitive diagnosis derived from a dementia screening and diagnosis study...
October 6, 2016: Pharmacotherapy
Louise E Curley, Janice Moody, Rukshar Gobarani, Trudi Aspden, Maree Jensen, Maureen McDonald, John Shaw, Janie Sheridan
BACKGROUND: Worldwide the demands on emergency and primary health care services are increasing. General practitioners and accident and emergency departments are often used unnecessarily for the treatment of minor ailments. Community pharmacy is often the first port of call for patients in the provision of advice on minor ailments, advising the patient on treatment or referring the patient to an appropriate health professional when necessary. The potential for community pharmacists to act as providers of triage services has started to be recognised, and community pharmacy triage services (CPTS) are emerging in a number of countries...
2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
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