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Community pharmacy

Hirofumi Imajo, Ryoko Ogawa, Toyoka Oka, Satoru Hasegawa, Eri Hirata, Masato Kishimoto, Keigo Yasukawa, Masayoshi Hirohara, Kazuki Kushida
Medical teams have been promoted in home care. It is possible for pharmacists who are part of a multidisciplinary team to maintain safety and improve the quality of medical care. Protocol-based pharmacotherapy management(PBPM)is recommended for cooperation between the pharmacist and the doctor in the management of pharmacotherapy. In order to introduce PBPM, it is necessary for the pharmacist and the doctor to cooperate and to extract the problems in community medicine. In this study, the clinic pharmacist examined the problem of unnecessary inquiries and proposed PBPM...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Andrew W Roberts, Delesha M Carpenter, Austin Smith, Kevin A Look
BACKGROUND: Expanding access to naloxone is crucial for mitigating the public health epidemic of opioid overdose deaths in America. Pharmacists now have greater independent authority to dispense naloxone to the public due to a wave of enhanced pharmacy naloxone access laws. It is unknown to what extent pharmacists are required to receive specialized training to serve in this capacity. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to review naloxone training mandates from states with enhanced pharmacy naloxone access laws...
April 5, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Ana C Cabral, Mariana Moura-Ramos, Margarida Castel-Branco, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Isabel V Figueiredo
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The 8-Item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) is one of the most widely used instruments to assess medication adherence, but a validated European Portuguese version of MMAS-8 does not exist. Our aim was to develop and validate a European Portuguese version of the MMAS-8. METHODS: A process of translation and back-translation of the original MMAS-8 was performed. The questionnaire was administered in nine community pharmacies and one public hospital between March 2014 and September 2015...
April 5, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
María Teresa Climent, Ana Molinero
Cognitive dysfunction and dementia in the elderly population constitute a significant health problem due to their magnitude and seriousness. Patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are at increased risk of developing some form of dementia, including Alzheimer disease. Epidemiological studies support the existence of preventable risks for cognitive impairment: vascular factors and lifestyle-related factors. The aim is to detect possible cases of cognitive impairment in people aged over 55 years in the community pharmacy area...
June 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
Frank A Fanizza, Janelle F Ruisinger, Emily S Prohaska, Brittany L Melton
OBJECTIVE: To describe the incorporation of a state health information exchange (HIE) into a community pharmacy transitions of care (TOC) service and to assess its impact on 30-day readmission rates. SETTING: Three suburban community pharmacies in Olathe, Kansas. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Balls Food Stores is a grocery store chain which operates 21 supermarket community pharmacies in the Kansas City metropolitan area. PRACTICE INNOVATION: Balls Food Stores launched a pharmacist-led self-referral TOC study in which a state HIE was utilized to collect discharge information from patients' electronic medical records (EMRs) to facilitate TOC comprehensive medication reviews (CMRs)...
April 3, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Iuri Marques, Sarah Caroline Willis, Ellen Ingrid Schafheutle, Karen Hassell
Purpose Organisational culture (OC) shapes individuals' perceptions and experiences of work. However, no instrument capable of measuring specific aspects of OC in community pharmacy exists. The purpose of this paper is to report the development and validation of an instrument to measure OC in community pharmacy in Great Britain (GB), and conduct a preliminary analysis of data collected using it. Design/methodology/approach Instrument development comprised three stages: Stage I: 12 qualitative interviews and relevant literature informed instrument design; Stage II: 30 cognitive interviews assessed content validity; and Stage III: a cross-sectional survey mailed to 1,000 community pharmacists in GB, with factor analysis for instrument validation...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
Julia Fiona-Maree Gilmartin-Thomas, J Simon Bell, Danny Liew, Carolyn A Arnold, Rachelle Buchbinder, Colin Chapman, Flavia Cicuttini, Malcolm Dobbin, Stephen J Gibson, Melita J Giummarra, Jenny Gowan, Benny Katz, Dan L Lubman, Matthew McCrone, Jennifer Pilgrim, Anneliese Synnot, Eleanor van Dyk, Barbara Workman, John McNeil
OBJECTIVE: Inappropriate use of pain medication has serious consequences for older populations. Experts in the field have noted an increase in opioid prescriptions, and opioid-related hospitalisations and deaths among this vulnerable population. In the pursuit of educating pharmacists, physicians, allied healthcare professionals, researchers, academics and the public facing the challenges of chronic pain medication management, 'The Inaugural Monash University School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine (SPHPM) Best Practice in Chronic Pain Medication Management Day Conference' was held in December 2016 at the Alfred Medical Research and Education Precinct (Melbourne, Australia)...
March 19, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Una Ørvim Sølvik, Aslaug Johanne Risøy, Reidun L S Kjome, Sverre Sandberg
BACKGROUND: Many pharmacy services involve laboratory testing using point-of-care (POC) instruments. Our aim was to describe the implementation of quality control of the HbA1c POC instruments and investigate the performance in internal quality control (IQC) and external quality control (EQA) for HbA1c POC instruments in Norwegian community pharmacies. METHODS: Two project pharmacists from each of 11 pharmacies participated in a training program covering capillary blood sampling, how to use the POC HbA1c instrument (DCA Vantage) and IQC and EQA...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Iyeseun O Asieba, Teresa M Nmadu
Background: Community pharmacy has been a lucrative area of practice for pharmacists in Jos, Nigeria, until about the turn of the millennium where a decline in viability of the business has been observed. Objective: This study assessed the entrepreneurial skills of community pharmacists, the business performance of community pharmacies and the impact of their entrepreneurial skills on business performance. Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted by administering a pretested questionnaire to 30 community pharmacists in Jos...
January 2018: Pharmacy Practice
Dennis Guhl, Katharina E Blankart, Tom Stargardt
A patient's perception of the service provided by a health care provider is essential for the successful delivery of health care. This study examines the value created by community pharmacies-defined as perceived customer value-in the prescription drug market through varying elements of service quality. We develop a path model that describes the relationship between service elements and perceived customer value. We then analyze the effect of perceived customer value on customer satisfaction and loyalty. We use data obtained from 289 standardized interviews on respondents' prescription fill in the last six months in Germany...
January 1, 2018: Health Services Management Research
Wenjia Chen, Don D Sin, J Mark FitzGerald, Mohsen Sadatsafavi
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the impact of care provider's specialty on the medical costs of COPD patients over time. OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term medical costs between newly hospitalized COPD patients whose post-discharge care was initiated by a pulmonary specialist versus by a general practitioner. DESIGN: Retrospective matched cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: We identified patients with an incident COPD-related hospitalization from the administrative health database (January 1, 1996, to December 31, 2012) of British Columbia, Canada...
April 2, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Caroline Hensley, Pamela C Heaton, Robert S Kahn, Heidi R Luder, Stacey M Frede, Andrew F Beck
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Variability in primary medication nonadherence (PMN), or failure to fill a new prescription, influences disparities and widens equity gaps. This study sought to evaluate PMN across 1 metropolitan area and assess relationships with underlying zip code-level measures. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study using data extracted from 1 regional community pharmacy market-share leader (October 2016-April 2017). Data included patient age, sex, payer, medication type, and home zip code...
April 2018: Pediatrics
Michael J Twigg, David Wright, Garry Barton, Charlotte L Kirkdale, Tracey Thornley
BACKGROUND: The UK Community Pharmacy Future group developed the Pharmacy Care Plan (PCP) service with a focus on patient activation, goal setting and therapy management. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the PCP service from a health services perspective. METHODS: Patients over 50 years of age prescribed one or more medicines including at least one for cardiovascular disease or diabetes were eligible. Medication review and person-centred consultation resulted in agreed health goals and actions towards achieving them...
March 23, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Kath Ryan, Nilesh Patel, Wing Man Lau, Hamza Abu-Elmagd, Graham Stretch, Helen Pinney
BACKGROUND: Increased patient demand for healthcare services coupled with a shortage of general practitioners necessitates changes in professional roles and service delivery. In 2016, NHS England began a 3-year- pilot study of pharmacists in general practice, however, this is not an entirely new initiative. There is limited, current, evidence-based, UK research to inform the pilot so studies of pre-existing services must suffice until findings from a formal national evaluation are available...
April 2, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Hayley H Chen, Simone E Taylor, Andrew M Harding, David McD Taylor
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of medication information sources available for adult patients presenting to the ED, compared to a best possible medication history (BPMH). METHODS: This prospective observational study was undertaken in the ED of a major tertiary-referral teaching hospital. A convenience sample of consecutive adult patients taking one or more regular medications was included. A BPMH was ascertained using patient/carer interviews, where available, and confirmed with one or more other sources...
April 2, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
Carmela Avena-Woods, Robert A Mangione, Wenchen Kenneth Wu
Objective. To evaluate pharmacists' knowledge of celiac disease, and identify potential areas where additional continuing education may be needed. Methods. A survey was sent to community pharmacists practicing in a national chain pharmacy in one region of New Jersey and New York. Results. There were 418 pharmacists who responded to the survey with a response rate of 38%. Only 27% of all respondents who reported their understanding of celiac disease to be basic or advanced correctly defined celiac disease as both an autoimmune and a chronic lifelong disease...
March 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Rachel Tan, Biljana Cvetkovski, Vicky Kritikos, David Price, Kwok Yan, Peter Smith, Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich
BACKGROUND: The burden of rhinitis is high. It is unknown to what extent this burden is related to inappropriate medication use. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the way in which people with rhinitis medicate their condition and to evaluate the appropriateness of this medication management. METHODS: Pharmacy customers who visited Sydney metropolitan community pharmacies and purchased medication for nasal symptoms were the sampling frame for this study...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
Michael Andreski, Megan Myers, Kate Gainer, Anthony Pudlo
OBJECTIVES: Determine the effects of an 18-month pilot project using tech-check-tech in 7 community pharmacies on 1) rate of dispensing errors not identified during refill prescription final product verification; 2) pharmacist workday task composition; and 3) amount of patient care services provided and the reimbursement status of those services. DESIGN: Pretest-posttest quasi-experimental study where baseline and study periods were compared. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Pharmacists and pharmacy technicians in 7 community pharmacies in Iowa...
March 29, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Rhiannon Braund, Kaushalya Ratnayake, Katie Tong, Jackie Song, Stephen Chai, Natalie Gauld
Background In 2014, New Zealand reclassified sildenafil (for erectile dysfunction) to allow supply by specially trained pharmacists under strict criteria. Objective The study aimed to determine pharmacists' experiences and perspectives on the training for, and supply of sildenafil under this model. Setting New Zealand community pharmacy. Method This qualitative study captured data with a semi-structured interview used with purposively-sampled participants. A maximum variation sample was used to select a wide range of pharmacists working in various pharmacies, including pharmacists who were trained to provide sildenafil and those not trained to supply sildenafil...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Qian Liu, Abigail R Smith, Jeong M Park, Murewa Oguntimein, Sarah Dutcher, Ghalib Bello, Margaret Helmuth, Marc Turenne, Rajesh Balkrishnan, Melissa Fava, Charlotte A Beil, Adam Saulles, Sangeeta Goel, Pratima Sharma, Alan Leichtman, Jarcy Zee
The transplant community is divided regarding whether substitution with generic immunosuppressants is appropriate for organ transplant recipients. We estimated the rate of uptake over time of generic immunosuppressants using US Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Event (PDE) and Colorado pharmacy claims (including both Part D and non-Part D) data from 2008 to 2013. Data from 26 070 kidney, 15 548 liver, and 6685 heart recipients from Part D, and 1138 kidney and 389 liver recipients from Colorado were analyzed...
March 31, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
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