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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214219/perpetuating-stigma-or-reducing-risk-perspectives-from-naloxone-consumers-and-pharmacists-on-pharmacy-based-naloxone-in-2-states
#1
Traci C Green, Patricia Case, Haley Fiske, Janette Baird, Shachan Cabral, Dina Burstein, Victoriana Schwartz, Nathan Potter, Alexander Y Walley, Jeffrey Bratberg
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about attitudes of pharmacists and consumers to pharmacy naloxone. We examined perceptions and experiences of pharmacy naloxone from people with opioid use disorder, patients taking chronic opioids for pain, caregivers of opioid users, and pharmacists from 2 early pharmacy naloxone adopter states: Massachusetts and Rhode Island. DESIGN: Eight focus groups (4 per state) were held in October to December 2015. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants were recruited from pharmacies, health clinics, and community organizations; pharmacists were recruited from professional organizations and pharmacy colleges...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212657/pharmacists-views-and-reported-practices-in-relation-to-a-new-generic-drug-substitution-policy-in-lebanon-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Fadi El-Jardali, Racha Fadlallah, Rami Z Morsi, Nour Hemadi, Mounir Al-Gibbawi, Magda Haj, Suzan Khalil, Youssef Saklawi, Diana Jamal, Elie A Akl
BACKGROUND: Governments in both developed and developing countries have adopted generic drug substitution policies to decrease pharmaceutical expenditures and improve access to medicine. In August 2015, the Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) in Lebanon introduced generic drug substitution and a unified medical prescription form as policy instruments to promote generic drug use. The objective of this exploratory study was to examine the attitudes of community pharmacists and the reported practices in relation to the implementation of the new generic drug substitution policy...
February 17, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212652/a-mixed-methods-feasibility-study-of-nicotine-assisted-smoking-reduction-programmes-delivered-by-community-pharmacists-the-redpharm-study
#3
Amanda Farley, Sarah Tearne, Taina Taskila, Rachel H Williams, Susan Mackaskill, Jean-Francois Etter, Paul Aveyard
BACKGROUND: Pivotal trials have established that, among people who have no immediate intention to quit smoking, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) helps people reduce and eventually stop smoking. The prime aim of this trial was to investigate the feasibility of implementing such a programme in community pharmacies. In addition, we investigated the effectiveness of providing behavioural support compared with self-help methods and of shorter compared with standard length reduction programmes...
February 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211646/observational-study-on-the-dispensing-of-cough-syrups-to-children-with-acute-cough-by-community-pharmacists-in-france
#4
François-André Allaert, Stéphanie Villet, Stéphane Vincent, Laurent Sauve
BACKGROUND: Over-the-counter medicines may be proposed by pharmacists for children with acute cough. Study objectives were to describe the sociodemographic profile of children who were proposed a cough syrup by a pharmacist, the nature of the cough and type(s) of cough syrup proposed and to assess the evolution of the cough, tolerance and satisfaction with treatment. METHODS: Observational, prospective, longitudinal, multicentre study with 157 pharmacies in France...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210531/the-daniel-k-inouye-college-of-pharmacy-scripts-updates-on-clostridium-difficile-infection-advances-in-laboratory-testing-to-aid-diagnosis-and-treatment
#5
Louis Lteif
Clostridium difficile remains a major source of nosocomial infections and associated diarrhea. More recently, community-acquired cases are on the rise creating a concern for a serious public health threat. Appropriate infection control precautions as well as prevention and optimal management may help to avoid detrimental outbreaks. A key step is utilizing laboratory testing for quick and accurate diagnosis of potential cases. This overview article describes Clostridium difficile infection control and prevention methods and updates the most recent management strategies including a focus on the utilization and interpretation of laboratory diagnostic testing and appropriate treatment...
February 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209173/moving-from-legality-to-reality-how-medical-abortion-methods-were-introduced-with-implementation-science-in-zambia
#6
Tamara Fetters, Ghazaleh Samandari, Patrick Djemo, Bellington Vwallika, Stephen Mupeta
BACKGROUND: Although abortion is technically legal in Zambia, the reality is far more complicated. This study describes the process and results of galvanizing access to medical abortion where abortion has been legal for many years, but provision severely limited. It highlights the challenges and successes of scaling up abortion care using implementation science to document 2 years of implementation. METHODS: An intervention between the Ministry of Health, University Teaching Hospital and the international organization Ipas, was established to introduce medical abortion and to address the lack of understanding and implementation of the country's abortion law...
February 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205099/evaluation-of-potentially-drug-related-patient-reported-common-symptoms-assessed-during-clinical-medication-reviews-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#7
Tim W A Schoenmakers, Martina Teichert, Michel Wensing, Peter A G M de Smet
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare professionals tend to consider common non-alarming drug-related symptoms to be of little clinical relevance. However, such symptoms can have a substantial impact on the individual patient. Insight into patient-reported symptoms could aid pharmacists to identify improvements in medication treatment, for instance in the patient interview at the start of a clinical medication review (CMR). OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to describe the numbers and types of patient-reported symptoms assessed during a CMR and to elucidate their potential association with the drugs in use...
February 15, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202384/implementing-take-home-naloxone-in-an-urban-community-pharmacy
#8
Joshua L Akers, Ryan N Hansen, Ryan D Oftebro
OBJECTIVE: Morbidity and mortality associated with opioid use have increased across the nation, growing into what can only be described as an epidemic. SETTING: In Washington State between 2002 and 2004, the statewide death rate attributed to any opioid was 6.6 per 100,000 people, but between 2011 and 2013 it increased to 8.6 per 100,000 people. Pharmacies provide a unique access point for harm reduction services to patients due to their ease of accessibility in the community...
February 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196532/referral-of-children-seeking-care-at-private-health-facilities-in-uganda
#9
Anthony K Mbonye, Esther Buregyeya, Elizeus Rutebemberwa, Siân E Clarke, Sham Lal, Kristian S Hansen, Pascal Magnussen, Philip LaRussa
BACKGROUND: In Uganda, referral of sick children seeking care at public health facilities is poor and widely reported. However, studies focusing on the private health sector are scanty. The main objective of this study was to assess referral practices for sick children seeking care at private health facilities in order to explore ways of improving treatment and referral of sick children in this sector. METHODS: A survey was conducted from August to October 2014 in Mukono district, central Uganda...
February 14, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193258/antibiotic-use-practices-of-pharmacy-staff-a-cross-sectional-study-in-saint-petersburg-the-russian-federation
#10
Tatiana Belkina, Natalia Duvanova, Julia Karbovskaja, Jurjen Duintjer Tebbens, Jiri Vlcek
BACKGROUND: Non-prescription access to antimicrobials is common, and self-prescribing is increasingly popular in Russian society. The aim of this study was to assess the attitudes of community pharmacists regarding antibiotic use and self-medication. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study from September-December 2015 of community pharmacists in the Saint-Petersburg and Leningrad region, Russia. A self-administered questionnaire was used to assess antibiotic use and self-medication practices...
February 14, 2017: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186947/survey-of-community-pharmacists-perception-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-london
#11
Ana C N Marques Gomes, Shereen Nabhani-Gebara, Reem Kayyali, Federico Buonocore, Gianpiero Calabrese
OBJECTIVES: To seek community pharmacists' perception on use, safety and possible effectiveness of e-cigarettes as quit smoking tools, and their future regulation. SETTING: A survey of a sample of 154 community pharmacies across London, UK. CONTEXT: E-cigarettes have exclusively established themselves in the market through consumers-led demand. To date, e-cigarettes still remain unregulated and can be easily purchased in shops, over the internet, but more controversially also in pharmacies in the UK...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186715/adoption-of-the-nova-scotia-canada-community-pharmacy-medication-management-program-1-year-post-initiation
#12
Heidi J Deal, Charmaine A Cooke, Ethel M Langille Ingram, Ingrid S Sketris
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists conduct medication reviews to optimize drug therapy. Each jurisdiction implements and funds these programs differently. OBJECTIVE: To describe the uptake of the first year of a community pharmacy medication review program reimbursed by the publically insured seniors' drug benefit program in Nova Scotia, Canada. METHODS: This retrospective analysis included 294 pharmacies and 105,000 beneficiaries enrolled in the Nova Scotia Seniors' Pharmacare Program...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183322/impact-of-a-pharmacist-led-medication-review-on-hospital-readmission-in-a-pediatric-and-elderly-population-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-open-label-controlled-trial
#13
Pierre Renaudin, Karine Baumstarck, Aurélie Daumas, Marie-Anne Esteve, Stéphane Gayet, Pascal Auquier, Michel Tsimaratos, Patrick Villani, Stéphane Honore
BACKGROUND: Early hospital readmission of patients after discharge is a public health problem. One major cause of hospital readmission is dysfunctions in integrated pathways between community and hospital care that can cause adverse drug events. Furthermore, the French ENEIS 2 study showed that 1.3% of hospital stays originated from serious adverse drug events in 2009. Pharmacy-led medication reviews at hospital transitions are an effective means of decreasing medication discrepancies when conducted at admission or discharge...
February 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181847/international-service-learning-and-interprofessional-education-in-ecuador-findings-from-a-phenomenology-study-with-students-from-four-professions
#14
Audrey M Johnson, Dana M Howell
Combined international service learning (ISL) and interprofessional education (IPE) experiences can move health professional student learning beyond the traditional confines of the classroom and outside uniprofessional ethos. The purpose of this transcendental phenomenological study was to describe the shared experience of health professional students participating in an ISL trip to a small community in Ecuador. The study focused on the learning and collaboration that occurred among students from multiple health professions during the trip and the cross-cultural exchange between the students and the patients in Ecuador...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181321/availability-of-drug-information-on-community-pharmacy-websites-in-tennessee
#15
Nancy Borja-Hart, Kenneth C Hohmeier
OBJECTIVE: This study reports the availability and type of drug information resources on community pharmacy websites in Tennessee. METHODS: A list of pharmacies was obtained from the Tennessee Board of Pharmacy. All community pharmacies located in Tennessee with a website were evaluated. Community pharmacy websites that listed a drug information resource were further analysed into pharmacy type and drug information provider. KEY FINDINGS: One hundred and sixty-nine websites were evaluated...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179739/engaging-in-collaborative-research-focus-on-the-pharmacy-practitioner
#16
Melissa Badowski, Joseph E Mazur, Simon W Lam, Marta Miyares, Lucas Schulz, Sarah Michienzi
Research offers an opportunity for investigators to explore unanswered questions, highlight best practices, and engage in collaboration. Clinical research can engage health care professionals to identify treatments or procedures to enhance patient care, quality of life, and outcomes. Research may also include experiences in a unique practice site or teaching methodology of trainees, staff, or patients. The goal of research is to improve individual patient care via dissemination of knowledge through publications...
January 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179714/qualitative-evaluation-of-a-practice-based-experience-pilot-program-for-master-of-pharmacy-students-in-scotland
#17
Gillian Hendry, Philip Winn, Sally Wiggins, Christopher J Turner
Objective. To determine the views of pharmacists in central Scotland regarding experiential education for MPharm students. Methods. A thematic analysis was completed by Ms. Gillian Hendry and Dr. Sally Wiggins of interviews conducted with ten practicing pharmacists paired with first-year master of pharmacy (MPharm) students during the 2011-2012 academic year. Relevant comments from the interviews were manually sorted in a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet to bring similarly themed material together to facilitate the identification and naming of recurring themes and subthemes...
December 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179713/thinking-clinically-from-the-beginning-early-introduction-of-the-pharmacists-patient-care-process
#18
Anastasia Rivkin
Objective. To describe a student-centered teaching method used to introduce a pharmacist patient care process (PPCP) during the first year of a doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) program. Design. In the fall of 2014, a cohort of students (n=85) began an integrated pharmacotherapy (IPT) course sequence in the first semester of pharmacy school. The first course in this sequence laid the foundation for the delivery of care, focusing on the individual components of a PPCP. Faculty member used a variety of teaching methods in the course to introduce medication history taking, identification of drug-related problems, identifying components of a patient case, and learning/beginning to write subjective, objective, assessment, plan (SOAP) notes...
December 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173993/implementing-an-integrated-care-management-program-in-community-pharmacies-a-focus-on-medication-management-services
#19
Megan G Smith, Stefanie P Ferreri, Patrick Brown, Kristen Wines, Christopher M Shea, Trista M Pfeiffenberger
OBJECTIVES: To describe the initiation of a community pharmacy medication management service within a statewide integrated care management program. SETTING: One hundred twenty-three community and community health center pharmacies in 58 counties of North Carolina. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Independent and community health center pharmacies offering medication management as part of an integrated care management program to Medicaid, Medicare, dually eligible Medicare-Medicaid, and NC Health Choice beneficiaries in North Carolina...
February 4, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173992/pharmacy-characteristics-associated-with-the-provision-of-medication-management-services-within-an-integrated-care-management-program
#20
Megan G Smith, Christopher M Shea, Patrick Brown, Kristen Wines, Joel F Farley, Stefanie P Ferreri
OBJECTIVES: To examine pharmacy operational and personnel characteristics that influence engagement in providing a community pharmacy medication management service within a statewide integrated care management program. METHODS: Before the program launch, all of the pharmacies were surveyed to collect demographic, operational, and personnel characteristics such as weekly prescription volume and number of staff, respectively. Those data were then compared with engagement in the program...
February 4, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
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