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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533689/medication-related-costs-of-rhinitis-in-australia-a-nostradata-cross-sectional-study-of-pharmacy-purchases
#1
Pete Smith, David Price, Richard Harvey, Andrew Simon Carney, Vicky Kritikos, Sinthia Z Bosnic-Anticevich, Louise Christian, Derek Skinner, Victoria Carter, Alice Marie Sybille Durieux
PURPOSE: There is a relative paucity of research regarding medication expenditure associated with multiple-therapy use for rhinitis in Australia. To describe 1) the nature and extent of multiple-therapy use for rhinitis in Australia using data on therapies purchased with prescription or over-the-counter (OTC) and 2) additional costs incurred by multiple-therapy use compared with intranasal corticosteroid (INCS) therapy alone. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational study was carried out using a database containing anonymous pharmacy transaction data available from 20% of pharmacies in Australia that links doctor prescriptions and OTC purchase information...
2017: Journal of Asthma and Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530524/is-real-world-evidence-used-in-p-t-monographs-and-therapeutic-class-reviews
#2
Jason T Hurwitz, Mary Brown, Jennifer S Graff, Loretta Peters, Daniel C Malone
BACKGROUND: Payers are faced with making coverage and reimbursement decisions based on the best available evidence. Often these decisions apply to patient populations, provider networks, and care settings not typically studied in clinical trials. Treatment effectiveness evidence is increasingly available from electronic health records, registries, and administrative claims. However, little is known about when and what types of real-world evidence (RWE) studies inform pharmacy and therapeutic (P&T) committee decisions...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527066/community-pharmacies-as-epidemiological-sentinels-of-headache-first-experience-in-italy
#3
Paola Brusa, Marco Parente, Gianni Allais, Sara Rolando, Giuseppe Costa, Roberto Gnavi, Teresa Spadea, Mario Giaccone, Andrea Mandelli, Massimo Mana, Francesca Baratta, Chiara Benedetto, Gennaro Bussone
Migraine is a disabling neurovascular syndrome which affects 12-15% of the global population and it represents the third cause in years lived with disability in both males and females aged 15-49 years. Among migraineurs, the symptomatic drug abuse may be a risk factor in the development of medication overuse headache (MOH). Detecting cases of MOH is not straightforward; community pharmacists may, therefore, be in a strategic position to identify individuals who self-medicate, particularly with respect to prevent the development of MOH...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526402/outpatient-antibiotic-stewardship-interventions-and-opportunities
#4
Erica L Dobson, Michael E Klepser, Jason M Pogue, Matthew J Labreche, Alex J Adams, Timothy P Gauthier, R Brigg Turner, Christy P Su, David M Jacobs, Katie J Suda
Improving the use of antibiotics across the continuum of care is a national priority. Data outlining the misuse of antibiotics in the outpatient setting justify the expansion of antibiotic stewardship programs (ASPs) into this health care setting; however, best practices for outpatient antibiotic stewardship (AS) are not yet defined. In a companion article, we focused on recommendations to overcome challenges related to the implementation of an outpatient ASP (e.g., building the AS team and defining program metrics)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525428/a-qualitative-exploration-of-sexual-assault-patients-barriers-to-accessing-and-completing-hiv-prophylaxis
#5
Valentina Djelaj, Debra Patterson, Christina M Romero
Sexual assault patients may encounter barriers when accessing, accepting, and completing nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis (nPEP), such as lacking insurance or an understanding of nPEP. However, less is known about how sexual assault forensic examiner (SAFE) programs' protocols, approaches to discussing nPEP, and community resources may influence nPEP completion. Utilizing a qualitative case study framework, we conducted semistructured interviews with 10 SAFEs from an urban SAFE program in which emergency department physicians write prescriptions for nPEP before sending patients to the SAFE program...
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522642/influence-of-drug-class-and-healthcare-setting-on-systemic-antifungal-expenditures-in-the-united-states-2005-15
#6
Margaret A Fitzpatrick, Katie J Suda, Charlesnika T Evans, Robert J Hunkler, Frances Weaver, Glen T Schumock
PURPOSE: Overall and specific class trends in systemic antifungal expenditures in various U.S. healthcare settings from 2005 through 2015 were evaluated. METHODS: Systemic antifungal expenditures from January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2015, were obtained from the QuintilesIMS National Sales Perspective database, which provides a statistically valid projection of medication purchases from multiple markets throughout the United States. Summary data for total antifungal expenditures over the entire period are reported, as are growth and the percentage change in expenditures from one year to the next...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514977/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-newest-vital-sign-nvs-health-literacy-instrument-in-general-population-and-highly-educated-samples-of-brazilian-adults
#7
Renne Rodrigues, Selma Maffei de Andrade, Alberto Durán González, Marcela Maria Birolim, Arthur Eumann Mesas
OBJECTIVE: The present work aimed at cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the health literacy assessment tool Newest Vital Sign (NVS) in general population (GP) and highly educated (HE) samples of Brazilian adults. DESIGN: An expert committee reviewed the translation and back-translation processes and the cultural adaptation. The construct validity was analysed with confirmatory factor analysis and via associations with features of the study population. SETTING: The final validation test was performed in two different populations from Londrina, a large town in southern Brazil...
May 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511852/introducing-a-checking-technician-allows-pharmacists-to-spend-more-time-on-patient-focused-activities
#8
Patti Napier, Pauline Norris, Rhiannon Braund
BACKGROUND: Internationally there is an increasing focus on the clinical and cognitive services that pharmacists can provide. Lack of time has been identified as a barrier to pharmacists increasing their clinical activities. Within the pharmacy workplace there are many tasks that can only be performed by a pharmacist. The final accuracy check of a dispensed prescription is currently the sole responsibility of pharmacists in New Zealand. This takes up a significant amount of time during a pharmacist's work day...
May 11, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511582/evaluation-of-an-unfractionated-heparin-pharmacy-dosing-protocol-for-the-treatment-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-nonobese-obese-and-severely-obese-patients
#9
Lindsey M Hosch, Emily Y Breedlove, Lauren E Scono, Chad A Knoderer
BACKGROUND: Despite large interpatient variability in dose response, heparin is utilized for treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Current data on the optimal heparin dosing in obese patients are conflicting. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the time and dose required to achieve a therapeutic activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) in nonobese, obese, and severely obese patients using a pharmacist-directed heparin dosing protocol. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study in a single-center community hospital inpatient setting...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507655/how-are-pharmacists-in-ontario-adapting-to-practice-change-results-of-a-qualitative-analysis-using-kotter-s-change-management-model
#10
Beatriz Teixeira, Paul A M Gregory, Zubin Austin
BACKGROUND: The pace of practice change in community pharmacy over the past decade has been significant, yet there is little evidence documenting implementation of change in the profession. METHODS: Kotter's change management model was selected as a theoretical framework for this exploratory qualitative study. Community pharmacists were interviewed using a semistructured protocol based on Kotter's model. Data were analyzed and coded using a constant-comparative iterative method aligned with the stages of change management outlined by Kotter...
May 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506399/encouraging-pharmacist-intervention-and-standardization-of-labeling-and-dispensing-of-oral-liquid-medications
#11
Lauren A Endriukaitis, Leslie A Briars, Adam J Bursua
OBJECTIVES: To initiate a call to action for community pharmacists and key-pharmacy stakeholders in the standardization of oral-liquid dosage forms. DATA SOURCES: Not applicable. SUMMARY: Unintentional overdose of medication due to administration error results in thousands of pediatric hospitalizations yearly. A lack of prescription and dosage device standardization pertaining to oral-liquid medications continue to be a public health hazard...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506379/pharmacist-initiated-hepatitis-c-virus-screening-in-a-community-pharmacy-to-increase-awareness-and-link-to-care-at-the-medical-center
#12
Nadine Y Isho, Marlowe Djuric Kachlic, Jennifer Chan Marcelo, Michelle T Martin
OBJECTIVE: To describe the design and implementation of a pharmacist-led hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening and education program in a community pharmacy with a protocol for linkage to care at the affiliated hepatology clinic for patients born between 1945 and 1965. SETTING: Outpatient pharmacy affiliated with the University of Illinois Hospital and Health Sciences System. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: The community pharmacist resident conducted the HCV screening at the health system-based community pharmacy...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506378/pharmacist-to-prescriber-intervention-to-close-therapeutic-gaps-for-statin-use-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Hannah M Renner, Amanda Hollar, Samuel F Stolpe, Macary Weck Marciniak
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a community pharmacist-led intervention on the proportion of patients with diabetes placed on statin therapy. DESIGN: The Pharmacy Quality Alliance endorsed a performance measure, Statin Use in Persons with Diabetes, which evaluates the percentage of patients aged 40-75 years who were dispensed a medication for diabetes and also received a statin medication. SETTING: This new measure has been implemented within the Electronic Quality Improvement Platform for Plans and Pharmacies (EQuIPP) dashboard...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506377/beyond-the-pgy-1-community-pharmacy-residency-characterizing-career-pathways-of-residency-graduates
#14
Monet M Stanford, Sarah M Oprinovich, Margie E Snyder
OBJECTIVE: To characterize positions obtained upon graduation from Community Pharmacy Residency Programs (CPRPs). DESIGN: Descriptive nonexperimental study; online cross-sectional survey. SETTING: United States, February to April 2016. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirty-three community pharmacy residency program alumni. INTERVENTION: CPRP alumni identified by past program directors were surveyed using 3 contact attempts...
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506376/community-based-pharmacy-residents-engaged-at-the-intersection-of-health-and-medication-needs
#15
EDITORIAL
Pamela C Heaton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503223/hospital-and-community-pharmacists-perception-of-the-scope-barriers-and-challenges-of-pharmacy-practice-based-research-in-nigeria
#16
Titilayo O Fakeye, Rasaq Adisa, Rashidat T Olukotun, Paul K Morawo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate perception, extent of involvement and barriers to pharmacy practice-based research among community and hospital pharmacists in Ibadan, Oyo state, southwestern Nigeria. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out among 65 hospital and 86 community pharmacists with at least five-year post-qualification experience, using pre-tested questionnaire. Socio-demographic information, extent of involvement, relevance and scope, as well as barriers to pharmacy practice-based research were explored...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503221/management-of-musculoskeletal-pain-in-retail-drug-outlets-within-a-nigerian-community-a-descriptive-study
#17
Samirah N Abdu-Aguye, Aishatu Shehu, Ubaidullah I Ahmad
OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to describe attitudes and practices of both community pharmacies and patent and proprietary medicine vendor (PPMV) outlets towards over-the-counter (OTC) analgesic use for musculoskeletal pain states within Zaria, Nigeria. METHODS: The study was carried out in 2 phases from May to August 2016. Phase one was a cross-sectional survey of 40 retail drug outlets (10 community pharmacies and 30 PPMVs). A simulated patient scenario of a young adult male complaining of acute onset back pain was used to collect data on the type and quality of analgesic recommended, duration of consultation, as well as nature of information provided during the drug dispensing process...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503219/situation-analysis-of-community-pharmacy-owners-in-lebanon
#18
Souheil Hallit, Rony M Zeenny, Georges Sili, Pascale Salameh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current community pharmacists' interventions and job satisfaction, secondary to the alteration in the financial rewards. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out, using a proportionate random sample of Lebanese community pharmacy owners from all districts of Lebanon. RESULTS: Out of 1618 distributed questionnaires, 1465 (90.5%) were collected back from pharmacy owners. Our study results showed that the monthly sales and profit decreased significantly in the last decade as well as the number of loyal customers (p<0...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503217/assessment-and-use-of-drug-information-references-in-utah-pharmacies
#19
Krystal L Moorman, Elyse A Macdonald, Anthony Trovato, Casey R Tak
OBJECTIVE: To determine which drug references Utah pharmacists use most frequently. To determine which types of drug information questions are most commonly asked, and whether Utah pharmacists have access to adequate references to respond to these questions. METHODS: A 19-question survey was created using Qualtrics, LLC (Provo, Utah) software. An electronic survey link was sent to 1,431 pharmacists with a valid e-mail address listed in the Department of Professional Licensing database...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502506/attitudes-and-actions-a-survey-to-assess-statin-use-among-finnish-patients-with-increased-risk-for-cardiovascular-events
#20
Reija Silvennoinen, Juha H Turunen, Petri T Kovanen, Mikko Syvänne, Matti J Tikkanen
BACKGROUND: Statins are the first-line treatment for lowering serum cholesterol and preventing coronary artery disease (CAD). Patients who fail to comply with the prescribed statin treatment face a markedly increased risk for cardiovascular events. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the article was to study the subjective factors, which modulate persistence with and adherence to statin therapy among Finnish patients at high risk for cardiovascular events. METHODS: A total of 1022 Finnish adults diagnosed with CAD, diabetes, hypertension, or severe hereditary dyslipidemia completed an electronic questionnaire survey during a visit in 1 of the 84 community pharmacies participating in the study...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
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