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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781859/nonoperating-room-anesthesia-for-gastrointestinal-endoscopic-procedures
#1
Otto S Lin, Wade Weigel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To assess the trends in nonoperating room anesthesia (NORA) for gastrointestinal endoscopy over the past few years, and to describe alternative methods of delivering propofol sedation in selected low-risk patients. RECENT FINDINGS: The use of NORA for routine gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures has been rising steadily over the past decade in the United States, considerably increasing healthcare costs. Because of this, there have been attempts to develop nonanesthesiologist-administered propofol sedation methods in low-risk patients...
May 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781090/informal-caregivers-in-hospitals-opportunities-and-threats
#2
Mohammadreza Amiresmaili, Zahra Emrani
OBJECTIVE: High hospital costs are a challenge that health system face. Additionally, studies identified manpower deficiency as a problem in health system. Hospital is a place where patients with different physical and mental conditions come to. Their families and friends' companionship can facilitate this situation for them. This study illustrates the roles of informal caregivers in hospital. METHOD: This is a phenomenological qualitative study. Data were gathered through semistructured interviews...
May 20, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779548/utilization-and-economic-contribution-of-psychiatric-mental-health-nurse-practitioners-in-public-behavioral-health-services
#3
Susan A Chapman, Bethany J Phoenix, Talia E Hahn, Deborah C Strod
INTRODUCTION: Expanded insurance coverage through the Affordable Care Act and parity in behavioral health coverage have increased demand for services. Yet there is a persistent shortage in the behavioral health workforce. Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioners (PMHNPs) may be part of the solution to shortages but are not yet fully utilized. The purpose of this study was to describe how PMHNPs are utilized, identify barriers to full utilization, and assess PMHNPs' economic contribution in public behavioral health systems...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775969/the-scale-on-community-care-perceptions-scope-for-nursing-students-a-development-and-psychometric-validation-study
#4
Margriet van Iersel, Rien de Vos, Corine Latour, Paul A Kirschner, Wilma Scholte Op Reimer
The aim of this study was to develop a valid instrument to measure student nurses' perceptions of community care (SCOPE). DeVellis' staged model for instrument development and validation was used. Scale construction of SCOPE was based on existing literature. Evaluation of its psychometric properties included exploratory factor analysis and reliability analysis. After pilot-testing, 1062 bachelor nursing students from six institutions in the Netherlands (response rate 81%) took part in the study. SCOPE is a 35-item scale containing: background variables, 11 measuring the affective component, 5 measuring community care perception as a placement, 17 as a future profession, and 2 on the reasons underlying student preference...
May 11, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757880/leveraging-health-care-reform-to-accelerate-nurse-practitioner-full-practice-authority
#5
Heather M Brom, Pamela J Salsberry, Margaret Clark Graham
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Since development of the nurse practitioner (NP) role, NPs have been advocating for policy allowing them to practice to the full extent of their training. The aim of this research was to determine whether passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) had an impact on expansion of NPs' scope of practice. METHODS: This was a retrospective descriptive study of NPs' scope of practice legislation from 1994 to 2016 using regulatory theory. Data sources included annual reports on NP legislation and state-level legislative and media coverage...
March 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757844/predictors-of-nurse-practitioner-retention
#6
Joseph Hagan, Derek L Curtis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Increased utilization of nurse practitioners (NPs) has been proposed to reduce the shortage of primary care providers, so identifying factors related to retention of NPs is important for health care organizations. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of Misener Nurse Practitioner Job Satisfaction Scale factors and nurse demographic characteristics with NP retention, as defined by the number of years at the current position and intention to leave the current position within 5 years...
May 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751798/clinic-flow-for-sti-hiv-and-tb-patients-in-an-urban-infectious-disease-clinic-offering-point-of-care-testing-services-in-durban-south-africa
#7
Katrina J Stime, Nigel Garrett, Yukteshwar Sookrajh, Jienchi Dorward, Ntuthu Dlamini, Ayo Olowolagba, Monisha Sharma, Ruanne V Barnabas, Paul K Drain
BACKGROUND: Many clinics in Southern Africa have long waiting times. The implementation of point-of-care (POC) tests to accelerate diagnosis and improve clinical management in resource-limited settings may improve or worsen clinic flow and waiting times. The objective of this study was to describe clinic flow with special emphasis on the impact of POC testing at a large urban public healthcare clinic in Durban, South Africa. METHODS: We used time and motion methods to directly observe patients and practitioners...
May 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731483/-the-current-situation-and-agendas-in-the-prevention-and-control-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-vietnam
#8
Kiyoko Hattori, Hidenori Uda, Yoshiaki Hitomi, Ryosuke Yano, Takao Saijo, Naoyuki Watanabe, Maki Satomi, Aya Yoshida, Osamu Oishi, Tsuyoshi Yamashita, Akira Kamenosono
Objectives In Vietnam, the number of patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has been increasing in recent years in association with the country's remarkable economic growth and corresponding changes in its population's lifestyle. The purposes of this research were to identify the challenges in the prevention and control of NCDs in Vietnam and to discuss countermeasures for NCDs in Vietnam and Japan.Methods As a 2015 Regional Public Health Overall Promotion Project, an investigation team consisting of 11 public health physicians visited Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, and its vicinities from January 11, 2016 to January 15, 2016...
2018: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730898/avoidance-of-overt-precipitation-and-patient-harm-following-errant-y-site-administration-of-calcium-chloride-and-parenteral-nutrition-compounded-with-sodium-glycerophosphate
#9
Collin Anderson, Chanelle Stidham, Sabrina Boehme, Jared Cash
Calcium phosphate precipitates present 1 of many challenges associated with parenteral nutrition (PN) compounding. Extensive research has led to the establishment of solubility curves to guide practitioners in the prescription and preparation of stable PN. Concurrent dosing of intravenous products via y-site administration with PN can alter the chemical balance of the solution and modify solubility. Medications containing calcium or phosphate should not be administered in the same line as PN, due to the high potential for precipitation...
December 14, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728147/interventions-for-improving-management-of-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-in-dikgale-a-rural-area-in-limpopo-province-south-africa
#10
Eric Maimela, Marianne Alberts, Hilde Bastiaens, Jesicca Fraeyman, Herman Meulemans, Johan Wens, Jeane Pierre Van Geertruyden
BACKGROUND: Chronic disease management (CDM) is an approach to health care that keeps people as healthy as possible through the prevention, early detection and management of chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to develop interventions to improve management of chronic diseases in the form of an integrated, evidence-based chronic disease management model in Dikgale, a rural area of Limpopo Province in South Africa. METHODS: A multifaceted intervention, called 'quality circles' (QCs) was developed to improve the quality and the management of chronic diseases in the Dikgale Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS)...
May 4, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724444/work-system-barriers-and-strategies-reported-by-tele-intensive-care-unit-nurses-a-case-study
#11
REVIEW
Peter L T Hoonakker, Pascale Carayon
Tele-intensive care units (ICUs) are an innovation to handle issues such as personnel shortage and improving care. In tele-ICUs, clinical teams monitor ICU patients remotely and support clinicians in multiple ICUs. The tele-ICU and ICU clinicians function as virtual teams. Little is known how these teams function and what challenges they encounter. We examined the challenges from the perspective of nurses in a tele-ICU. We used a case study design and conducted interviews with 10 tele-ICU nurses. The nurses encounter challenges in interacting with the multiple ICUs that they monitor remotely and have developed strategies to cope with these challenges...
June 2018: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720298/addressing-the-shortage-of-geriatric-specialists
#12
Casandra A Holveck, Jeannette Y Wick
With a population that is increasingly "gray," our nation faces a shortage of primary care providers who specialize in geriatrics. The number of geriatricians per 10,000 adults older than 65 years of age has decreased steadily since 2000. Health care providers from all disciplines (medicine, nursing, and pharmacy) tend not to choose geriatrics as a specialty area. Some are intimidated by the complexity of caring for elderly patients with geriatric syndromes and multiple morbidities. Others, who have little exposure to geriatrics in their undergraduate and graduate programs, are simply unaware of the personal and professional rewards associated with practice in geriatrics...
March 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720091/mobility-concepts-and-access-to-health-care-in-a-rural-district-in-germany-a-mixed-methods-approach
#13
Lisa Schröder, Kristina Flägel, Katja Goetz, Jost Steinhäuser
BACKGROUND: Western countries are facing the challenges of an imminent shortage of physicians, especially general practitioners. As a consequence longer travel times to doctors' practices may arise. This study aimed to investigate the mobility behavior of a rural population in terms of medical consultations. METHODS: An exploratory mixed-methods design was conducted in the Waldshut district of the federal state Baden-Württemberg in Germany. Focus groups and a single telephone-interview with representatives, occupationally affiliated with mobility in the district (e...
May 2, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715303/health-insurance-coverage-with-or-without-a-nurse-led-task-shifting-strategy-for-hypertension-control-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial-in-ghana
#14
Gbenga Ogedegbe, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Joyce Gyamfi, William Chaplin, Michael Ntim, Kingsley Apusiga, Juliet Iwelunmor, Kwasi Yeboah Awudzi, Kofi Nana Quakyi, Jazmin Mogaverro, Kiran Khurshid, Bamidele Tayo, Richard Cooper
BACKGROUND: Poor access to care and physician shortage are major barriers to hypertension control in sub-Saharan Africa. Implementation of evidence-based systems-level strategies targeted at these barriers are lacking. We conducted a study to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of provision of health insurance coverage (HIC) alone versus a nurse-led task shifting strategy for hypertension control (TASSH) plus HIC on systolic blood pressure (SBP) reduction among patients with uncontrolled hypertension in Ghana...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715212/a-transparent-tracking-system-for-competency-based-orientation-one-children-s-hospital-transport-unit-experience
#15
Kirsten A Hickerson, Paula M Agosto, Jean Anne Cieplinski, Larissa Hutchins, Lisa Squires, Nicholas Tsarouhas
When nurses are hired for positions that require lengthy, highly specialized in-house orientation, their failure to complete orientation on time can lead to staffing shortages. In this article, we report the use of a transparent tracking system to monitor nurses' progress through a competency-based orientation program. By monitoring progress and detecting lapses, immediate remediation can be offered to those who need it, and staffing shortages thereby are avoided.
May 2018: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704800/does-building-resilience-in-undergraduate-nursing-students-happen-through-clinical-placements-a-qualitative-study
#16
Violeta Lopez, Piyanee Yobas, Yeow Leng Chow, Shefaly Shorey
BACKGROUND: The shortage of nurses has become a global phenomenon, and methods of decreasing the attrition rate of nurses have been explored. Resilience was one of the important factors that increased the retention rate of nurses who stayed in this highly stressful profession. OBJECTIVES: To understand how undergraduate nursing students perceive and experience their clinical placements and to identify the factors that helped them build resilience. DESIGN: A qualitative design utilizing focus group interviews was adopted for this study...
April 21, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703627/the-impact-of-nurse-practitioner-regulations-on-population-access-to-care
#17
Donna Felber Neff, Sul Hee Yoon, Ruth L Steiner, Ilir Bejleri, Michael D Bumbach, Damian Everhart, Jeffrey S Harman
BACKGROUND: By 2025, experts estimate a significant shortage of primary care providers in the United States, and expansion of the nurse practitioner (NP) workforce may reduce this burden. However, barriers imposed by state NP regulations could reduce access to primary care. PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to examine the association between three levels of NP state practice regulation (independent, minimum restrictive, and most restrictive) and the proportion of the population with a greater than 30-min travel time to a primary care provider using geocoding...
March 8, 2018: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703319/pearls-of-wisdom-for-chief-academic-nursing-leaders
#18
Jean Giddens, Patricia Morton
There is a significant shortage of executive leadership in nursing academia with large numbers of deans have retired and many more are expected in the upcoming years (AACN, 2015). This has resulted in a steady upward trend of nursing schools reporting a change in deans over the past 5 years; many of the changes in academic nursing leadership involve deans who are new to the role. The role expectations of chief academic nursing leaders are very complex and for which few new leaders are completely prepared. This article describes the role and competencies of the chief academic nursing leader and presents "pearls" for success for new leaders assuming this role...
March 2018: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688645/-the-effect-of-claims-about-medical-adverse-events-on-patients-safety
#19
REVIEW
Yaron Niv
In 1999 the Institute of Medicine (ION) declared that "to err in human" and that our goal is not to "blame and shame" but to investigate and establish processes that will prevent future mistakes. Shortage in manpower, physicians and nurses, may cause a disproportional burden of work and increase mistakes and adverse events. The complexity of patients requires a multidisciplinary team with many participants for achieving goals and saving lives. In the last 2 decades there was an exponential increase in the number of medical negligence claims and a similar increase in the sums given to the plaintiffs, in verdicts, mediation or compromises...
April 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686535/nurses-attitude-and-perceived-barriers-to-pressure-ulcer-prevention
#20
Werku Etafa, Zeleke Argaw, Endalew Gemechu, Belachew Melese
Background: The presence or absence of pressure ulcers has been generally regarded as a performance measure of quality nursing care and overall patient health. The aim of this study- wasto explorenurses' attitude about pressure ulcer prevention'and to identify staff nurses' perceived barriers to pressure ulcer prevention public hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: A self-reported multi-center institutional based cross sectional study design was employed to collect data from staff nurses ( N  = 222) working in six (6) selected public hospitals in Addis Ababa, from April 01-28/2015...
2018: BMC Nursing
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