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Nursing shortage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149903/improving-access-to-school-health-services-as-perceived-by-school-professionals
#1
Janine Bezem, Debbie Heinen, Ria Reis, Simone E Buitendijk, Mattijs E Numans, Paul L Kocken
BACKGROUND: The organisation of health assessments by preventive health services focusing on children's health and educational performance needs to be improved due to evolving health priorities such as mental health problems, reduced budgets and shortages of physicians and nurses. We studied the impact on the school professionals' perception of access to school health services (SHS) when a triage approach was used for population-based health assessments in primary schools. The triage approach involves pre-assessments by SHS assistants, with only those children in need of follow-up being assessed by a physician or nurse...
November 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148566/factors-that-influence-the-provision-of-intrapartum-and-postnatal-care-by-skilled-birth-attendants-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#2
REVIEW
Susan Munabi-Babigumira, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin, Atle Fretheim, Harriet Nabudere
BACKGROUND: In many low- and middle-income countries women are encouraged to give birth in clinics and hospitals so that they can receive care from skilled birth attendants. A skilled birth attendant (SBA) is a health worker such as a midwife, doctor, or nurse who is trained to manage normal pregnancy and childbirth. (S)he is also trained to identify, manage, and refer any health problems that arise for mother and baby. The skills, attitudes and behaviour of SBAs, and the extent to which they work in an enabling working environment, impact on the quality of care provided...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142513/sedation-for-routine-gastrointestinal-endoscopic-procedures-a-review-on-efficacy-safety-efficiency-cost-and-satisfaction
#3
REVIEW
Otto S Lin
Most gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures are now performed with sedation. Moderate sedation using benzodiazepines and opioids continue to be widely used, but propofol sedation is becoming more popular because its unique pharmacokinetic properties make endoscopy almost painless, with a very predictable and rapid recovery process. There is controversy as to whether propofol should be administered only by anesthesia professionals (monitored anesthesia care) or whether properly trained non-anesthesia personnel can use propofol safely via the modalities of nurse-administered propofol sedation, computer-assisted propofol sedation or nurse-administered continuous propofol sedation...
October 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141734/transition-from-education-to-practice-for-new-nursing-graduates-a-literature-review
#4
Bobbi Shatto, Lauren M Lutz
New nurse turnover costs organizations in the United States an estimated $1.4 billion to $2.9 billion per year (Meyer, Shatto, Delicath, & von der Lancken, 2017; Ulrich et al., 2010). Retention of graduate nurses can decrease costs, combat nursing shortages, and improve patient outcomes. Despite the increase in prevalence of nurse residency programs, new nurses are leaving their first positions at alarming rates. The purpose of this literature review is to examine the factors that affect graduate nurse transition to practice...
November 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141187/factors-associated-with-final-year-nursing-students-desire-to-work-in-the-primary-health-care-setting-findings-from-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Jacqueline G Bloomfield, Christina Aggar, Tamsin H T Thomas, Christopher J Gordon
BACKGROUND: Registered nurses are under-represented in the primary health care setting both internationally and in Australia, and this shortage is predicted to worsen. To address the increasingly complex healthcare needs of an ageing population, it is vital to develop and sustain a primary health care nursing workforce, yet attracting nurses is challenging. In Australia, registered nurses graduating from university typically commence their careers in hospital-based transition to professional practice programs...
October 23, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137695/career-commitment-of-nurse-faculty
#6
Malena Jones
BACKGROUND: A nurse faculty shortage exists, and it is predicted to continue in the United States (American Association of Colleges of Nursing [AACN], 2016). Several factors that have been identified as contributing to this shortage include aging faculty, lack of doctoral-prepared faculty, and the economic cost of pursuing an academic career (AACN, 2016). However, there is a need to explore subtle factors. This study was conducted to examine the interaction of career commitment to education, faculty satisfaction, and teacher efficacy on developing qualified and retaining committed faculty...
November 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137508/health-professional-education-and-universal-health-coverage-a-summary-of-challenges-and-selected-case-studies
#7
Arthika Sripathy, Joachim Marti, Hannah Patel, Javaid I Sheikh, Ara W Darzi
Low- and middle-income countries are experiencing serious shortages in meeting health workforce requirements for universal health coverage. We examine how national-level policies can address these deficiencies and support the development of an appropriately skilled health workforce in line with population needs. We discuss three innovative, government-led solutions that are designed to align health workforce training with the demands of universal health coverage. Specifically, we discuss two initiatives to train and retain doctors in rural areas of Thailand, the large-scale training of community health workers within multidisciplinary primary health care teams in Brazil, and the introduction of a postgraduate diploma program in primary care for nurses in India...
November 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135750/student-and-educator-experiences-of-maternal-child-simulation-based-learning-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#8
Karen MacKinnon, Lenora Marcellus, Julie Rivers, Carol Gordon, Maureen Ryan, Diane Butcher
BACKGROUND: Although maternal-child care is a pillar of primary health care, there is a global shortage of maternal-child health care providers. Nurse educators experience difficulties providing undergraduate students with maternal-child learning experiences for a number of reasons. Simulation has the potential to complement learning in clinical and classroom settings. Although systematic reviews of simulation are available, no systematic reviews of qualitative evidence related to maternal-child simulation-based learning (SBL) for undergraduate nursing students and/or educators have been located...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117451/factors-predicting-registered-nurses-intentions-to-leave-their-organisation-and-profession-a-job-demands-resources-framework
#9
Willoughby Moloney, Peter Boxall, Matthew Parsons, Gordon Cheung
AIMS: To develop a comprehensive model of nursing turnover intention by examining the effects of job demands, job resources, personal demands and personal resources on burnout and work engagement and subsequently on the intention to leave the organisation and profession. BACKGROUND: The ageing population and a growing prevalence of multimorbidity are placing increasing strain on an ageing nursing workforce. Solutions that address the anticipated nursing shortage should focus on reducing burnout and enhancing the engagement of Registered Nurses (RNs) to improve retention...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117446/challenging-rules-creating-values-park-s-sweet-spot-theory-driven-central-optimum-nurse-staffing-zone
#10
EDITORIAL
Claire Su-Yeon Park
The nursing shortage is a serious global issue. Low birth rates and a rapidly aging population are accelerating the demands of nursing professionals. However, the challenging aspects of nurses' work environment-e.g., a poor salary, long shift length, heavy workload, temporary staffing, or bullying-are still ongoing, leading to compromised patient care, more care left undone, adverse events, poor care quality, inequity in access to healthcare, longer waiting times, burnout and illness among nurses, and even unexpected yet preventable patient deaths (Ball et al...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115763/how-modifiable-factors-influence-parental-decision-making-about-organ-donation
#11
Kamila Luberda, Karen Cleaver
A global shortage of organs from children and adults available for transplantation is compounded by the failure of next of kin to consent for organs to be donated after death. Non-modifiable and modifiable factors influence decision-making in this area. Modifiable factors are of interest when examining families' decision-making about the donation of organs from their deceased child. A scoping review was undertaken to determine how modifiable factors influence parental decision-making about organ donation. Thematic analysis identified two themes: interactions with healthcare professionals and pre-disposition to organ donation...
November 7, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115748/an-integrative-review-of-absenteeism-in-newly-graduated-nurses
#12
Judy Craft, Martin Christensen, Lisa Wirihana, Shannon Bakon, Jennie Barr, Lily Tsai
Managing sickness and absenteeism in the workplace is challenging, and nurse managers must consider their various causes so they can implement effective management strategies. It is also vital to consider the factors that influence absenteeism and turnover among newly graduated registered nurses (RNs), whose retention can help to address staff shortages. This article describes a literature review that aimed to identify the potential causes of sickness absence in newly graduated RNs. It also discusses strategies that nurse managers can use to retain and maintain their workforce...
October 30, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114954/maldistribution-or-scarcity-of-nurses-the-devil-is-in-the-detail
#13
Jitske M C Both-Nwabuwe, Maria T M Dijkstra, Ab Klink, Bianca Beersma
AIMS: The goal of this paper was to improve our understanding of nursing shortages across the variety of health care sectors and how this may affect the agenda for addressing nursing shortages. A health care sector comprises a number of health care services for one particular type of patient care, for example, the hospital care sector. BACKGROUND: Most Western countries are shifting health care services from hospital care towards community and home care, thus increasing nursing workforce challenges in home and community care...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105085/factors-predicting-quality-of-work-life-among-nurses-in-tertiary-level-hospitals-bangladesh
#14
N Akter, T Akkadechanunt, R Chontawan, A Klunklin
AIM: This study examined the level of quality of work life and predictability of years of education, monthly income, years of experience, job stress, organizational commitment and work environment on quality of work life among nurses in tertiary-level hospitals in the People's Republic of Bangladesh. BACKGROUND: There is an acute shortage of nurses worldwide including Bangladesh. Quality of work life is important for quality of patient care and nurse retention. Nurses in Bangladesh are fighting to provide quality care for emerging health problems for the achievement of sustainable development goals...
November 3, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077202/meta-synthesis-on-nurse-practitioner-autonomy-and-roles-in-ambulatory-care
#15
Pauline Wang-Romjue
BACKGROUND: Many healthcare stakeholders view nurse practitioners (NPs) as an important workforce resource to help fill the anticipated shortage of 20,400 ambulatory care physicians that is expected by 2020. Multiple quantitative studies revealed the attributes of NPs' practice autonomy and roles. However, there is no qualitative meta-synthesis that describes the experiences of NPs' practice autonomy and roles. AIM: To describe and understand the experiences of NPs regarding their practice autonomy and roles in various ambulatory settings through the exploration of existing qualitative studies: meta-synthesis...
October 27, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065320/perceptions-of-community-care-and-placement-preferences-in-first-year-nursing-students-a-multicentre-cross-sectional-study
#16
Margriet van Iersel, Corine H M Latour, Rien de Vos, Paul A Kirschner, Wilma J M Scholte Op Reimer
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing shortages of highly educated community nurses, far too few nursing students choose community care. This means that a strong societal problem is emerging that desperately needs resolution. OBJECTIVES: To acquire a solid understanding of the causes for the low popularity of community care by exploring first-year baccalaureate nursing students' perceptions of community care, their placement preferences, and the assumptions underlying these preferences...
October 4, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052515/is-there-a-financial-incentive-to-immigrate-examining-of-the-health-worker-salary-gap-between-india-and-popular-destination-countries
#17
Gavin George, Bruce Rhodes
BACKGROUND: International migration is one of the factors resulting in the shortage of Human Resources for Health (HRH) in India. Literature suggests that migration is fuelled by the prospect of higher salaries available abroad. The extent of these salary differentials are unknown, and this study seeks to examine the salaries of selected HRH in India and four popular destination countries (United States of America, United Kingdom, Canada and the United Arab Emirates), whilst accounting for the in-country cost of living...
October 19, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049154/self-esteem-locus-of-control-and-first-time-nclex-rn-passage-of-bsn-students-at-historically-black-colleges-and-universities
#18
Pamella Ivey Chavis
AIM: Relationships between self-esteem, locus of control (LOC), and first-time passage of National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN®) were examined at baccalaureate nursing programs at two historically black colleges and universities. BACKGROUND: Shortages continue to exceed demands for RNs prepared at the baccalaureate level. Inconsistent pass rates on the NCLEX-RN for graduates of historically black colleges and universities impede the supply of RNs...
November 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049153/phd-education-outcomes-results-of-a-national-survey-of-nursing-phd-alumni
#19
Carol Hall Ellenbecker, Chizoba Nwosu, Yuqing Zhang, Suzanne Leveille
AIM: A national survey was conducted to examine the relationship between individual students' experiences and nursing PhD program characteristics and program outcomes. BACKGROUND: In light of the shortage of doctorally prepared nurse scientists and a growth in nursing PhD programs, an examination of the PhD nursing education experience in relation to educational outcomes is timely. METHOD: Data were collected from graduates of a 50 percent random sample of nursing PhD programs in the United States...
November 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047322/trends-in-primary-care-provision-to-medicare-beneficiaries-by-physicians-nurse-practitioners-or-physician-assistants-2008-2014
#20
Ying Xue, James S Goodwin, Deepak Adhikari, Mukaila A Raji, Yong-Fang Kuo
OBJECTIVES: To document the temporal trends in alternative primary care models in which physicians, nurse practitioners (NPs), or physician assistants (PAs) engaged in care provision to the elderly, and examine the role of these models in serving elders with multiple chronic conditions and those residing in rural and health professional shortage areas (HPSAs). DESIGN: Serial cross-sectional analysis of Medicare claims data for years 2008, 2011, and 2014. SETTING: Primary care outpatient setting...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
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