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Outcome gastric sleeve

Uri Kaplan, Scott Penner, Forough Farrokhyar, Nicole Andruszkiewicz, Ruth Breau, Scott Gmora, Dennis Hong, Mehran Anvari
PURPOSE: Older age (> 60) has been considered a relative contraindication for bariatric surgery due to increased complication risk. This study examined the risks and benefits of bariatric surgery for patients older than 60 years in Canadian population. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of the Ontario Bariatric Registry: a database recording peri-operative and post-operative outcomes of publicly funded bariatric surgeries across the province. Patients who completed 1 year follow-up, who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass (LRYGB) or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) between January 2010 and May 2013, were divided into older (> 60) and younger (> 60) cohorts, and outcomes were compared...
March 10, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Andrew Schneider, Deborah A Hutcheon, Allyson Hale, Joseph A Ewing, Megan Miller, John D Scott
BACKGROUND: Many insurance companies require patient participation in a medically supervised weight management program (WMP) before offering approval for bariatric surgery. Clinical data surrounding benefits of participation are limited. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between preoperative insurance-mandated WMP participation and postoperative outcomes in bariatric surgery patients. SETTING: Regional referral center and teaching hospital...
February 2, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Amador García Ruiz de Gordejuela, Almino Cardoso Ramos, Manoel Galvao Neto, Mario Nora, Antonio J Torres García, Andrés Sánchez Pernaute, Jordi Pujol Gebelli
INTRODUCTION: Live surgery is a topic of interest at every meeting or course in the field of surgery. The potential of laparoscopy for live broadcasting makes it an excellent tool in continuing medical education. Surgeons who participate in live surgeries are usually experienced, but several conditions may influence the results and safety of a procedure. OBJECTIVES: To analyze safety and outcomes in a series of patients who underwent surgery in the last 10 years in a live surgery course at our institution...
March 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Sandhya B Kumar, Barbara C Hamilton, Stephanie G Wood, Stanley J Rogers, Jonathan T Carter, Matthew Y Lin
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become popular due to its technical ease and excellent short-term results. Understanding the risk profile of LSG compared with the gold standard laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is critical for patient selection. OBJECTIVES: To use traditional regression techniques and random forest classification algorithms to compare LSG with LRYGB using the 2015 Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Data Registry...
March 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Andrew T Strong, Gautam Sharma, Chao Tu, Ali Aminian, James B Young, John Rodriguez, Matthew Kroh
BACKGROUND: Weight loss following bariatric surgery can improve cardiac function among patients with heart failure (HF). However, perioperative morbidity of bariatric surgery has not been evaluated in patients with HF. STUDY DESIGN: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (NSQIP) database for 2006-2014 was queried to identify patients undergoing adjustable gastric band, gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and biliopancreatic diversion-duodenal switch. Patients with HF were propensity matched to a control group without HF (1:5)...
March 6, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Christopher R Daigle, Stacy A Brethauer, Chao Tu, Anthony T Petrick, John M Morton, Philip R Schauer, Ali Aminian
BACKGROUND: National quality programs have been implemented to decrease the burden of adverse events on key outcomes in bariatric surgery. However, it is not well understood which complications have the most impact on patient health. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the impact of specific bariatric surgery complications on key clinical outcomes. SETTING: The Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program (MBSAQIP) database...
January 12, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Alberto Goday, Olga Castañer, David Benaiges, Anna Busquets Pou, José M Ramón, Maria Del Mar Iglesias, Luis Barranco Priego, Juana A Flores Le-Roux
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (HP) colonization is common in severely obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery. HP eradication treatment could influence the evolution of weight loss and metabolic markers after bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of HP eradication in the clinical course of morbid obesity patients treated with bariatric surgery (gastric bypass (LRYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)) METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a prospective cohort of 229 patients that underwent bariatric surgery between 2010 and 2013 in Hospital del Mar...
March 2, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Martin Gaillard, Hadrien Tranchart, Sophie Maitre, Gabriel Perlemuter, Panagiotis Lainas, Ibrahim Dagher
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has become the primary procedure for many bariatric teams and staple-line leak represents its most feared complication. Sarcopenic obesity combines the risks of obesity and depleted lean mass leading possibly to an inferior surgical outcome after abdominal surgery. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the existence of a potential link between radiologically determined sarcopenic obesity and staple-line leak risk after SG...
March 2, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Jeanie L Gribben, Nicole Ilonzo, Sean Neifert, I Michael Leitman
Background and Objectives: Morbidity and mortality have been shown to increase several-fold in patients who have undergone bariatric surgery and returned to the operating room after their initial procedures. Failure-to-rescue (FTR) analyses allow for an understanding of patient management and outcomes that is more distinguished than assessments of adverse occurrences and mortality rates alone. The objective of this study was to assess failure to rescue (FTR) and the characteristics and outcomes of patients undergoing reoperation after laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGBP) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)...
January 2018: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
B C Toh, W H Chan, Akh Eng, Ekw Lim, C H Lim, K W Tham, S Fook-Chong, Jth Tan
Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for morbid obesity and its metabolic related comorbidities - Type II Diabetes, Hypertension and Hyperlipidaemia.1 However, the literature is scarce regarding the long-term outcome after bariatric surgery especially among multi-ethnic Asian populations. Considering the growing number of bariatric metabolic operations in Asia, we have attempted to provide a regional perspective on 5-year long-term clinical outcomes post bariatric surgery in Singapore. Between years 2010 to 2016, all bariatric operative cases consisted of 393 Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG), 125 Laparoscopic Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) and 43 Laparoscopic Mini-gastric Bypass (MGB) were included...
February 20, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Charles J Keith, Lauren E Goss, Camille D Blackledge, Richard D Stahl, Jayleen Grams
BACKGROUND: Despite a lack of demonstrated patient benefit, many insurance providers mandate a physician-supervised diet before financial coverage for bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVES: To compare weight loss between patients with versus without insurance mandating a preoperative diet. SETTING: University hospital, United States. METHODS: Retrospective study of all patients who underwent laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy over a 5-year period, stratified based on whether an insurance-mandated physician-supervised diet was required...
February 2, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Gautam Sharma, Zubaidah Nor-Hanipah, Ivy N Haskins, Suriya Punchai, Andrew T Strong, Chao Tu, John H Rodriguez, Phillip R Schauer, Matthew Kroh
PURPOSE: This study aims to characterize complications, metabolic improvement, and change in ambulation status for patients with impaired mobility undergoing bariatric surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Individuals undergoing primary sleeve gastrectomy (SG) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) from February 2008 to December 2015 were included. Impaired mobility (WC) was defined as using a wheelchair or motorized scooter for at least part of a typical day. The WC group was propensity score matched to ambulatory patients (1:5 ratio)...
February 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Antonio Gangemi, Sarah Russel, Krupa Patel, Hazbar Khalaf, Mario Masrur, Chandra Hassan
No universal consensus has been achieved as to whether the laparoscopic adjustable gastric band to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy conversion should be performed in one or two steps. To determine the differences in operative outcomes and cost, a systematic, comprehensive review of the literature was conducted using the PubMed database from the National Institutes of Health. Nine studies were included with 809 patients. Weighted averages were calculated to compare operative outcomes, and cost analyses were conducted with these averages...
February 5, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Lisa R Miller-Matero, Kelly Bryce, Caroline K Saulino, Kate E Dykhuis, Jeffrey Genaw, Arthur M Carlin
BACKGROUND: There are no clear psychosocial predictors of weight loss following bariatric surgery. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether preoperative problematic eating behaviors predict weight loss outcomes following bariatric surgery. METHODS: Clinical records were utilized to examine outcomes of 101 patients who completed a pre-surgical psychosocial evaluation and underwent gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy. Information analyzed included binge eating history and scores from the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Yale Food Addiction Scale, and Emotional Eating Scale...
February 7, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Katherine D Gray, Maureen D Moore, Adham Elmously, Omar Bellorin, Rasa Zarnegar, Gregory Dakin, Alfons Pomp, Cheguevara Afaneh
BACKGROUND: Utilization of the robotic platform has become more common in bariatric applications. We aim to show that robotic revisional bariatric surgery (RRBS) can be safely performed in a complex patient population with perioperative outcomes equivalent to laparoscopic revisional bariatric surgery (LRBS). METHODS: Retrospective review was conducted of adult patients undergoing laparoscopic revisional bariatric surgery (LRBS) or robotic revisional bariatric surgery (RRBS) at our institution from September 2007 to December 2016...
February 7, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Paulina Samczuk, Magdalena Luba, Joanna Godzien, Annalaura Mastrangelo, Hady Razak Hady, Jacek Dadan, Coral Barbas, Maria Gorska, Adam Kretowski, Michal Ciborowski
Mechanisms responsible for metabolic gains after bariatric surgery are not entirely clear. The purpose of this study was evaluation of metabolic changes after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in semi-annual follow up. The study participants were selected from obese patients with T2DM who underwent one of the mentioned bariatric procedures. Serum metabolic fingerprinting by use of liquid and gas chromatography with mass spectrometry detection was performed on samples obtained from studied patients before, one, and six months post-surgery...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Deborah A Hutcheon, Allyson L Hale, Joseph A Ewing, Megan Miller, Francisco Couto, Eric S Bour, William S Cobb, John D Scott
BACKGROUND: Preoperative weight loss is often encouraged before undergoing weight loss surgery. Controversy remains as to its effect on postoperative outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine what impact short-term preoperative excess weight loss (EWL) has on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing primary vertical sleeve gastrectomy (SG) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). STUDY DESIGN: All patients who underwent SG (n = 167) or RYGB (n = 188) between 2014 and 2016 and who completed our program-recommended low calorie diet (LCD) for 4 weeks immediately preceding surgery were included...
January 31, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Piotr Major, Michał Wysocki, Michał Janik, Tomasz Stefura, Maciej Walędziak, Michał Pędziwiatr, Piotr Kowalewski, Krzysztof Paśnik, Andrzej Budzyński
BACKGROUND: Age is often related to the increase of perioperative complications and reoperation rates. The authors aimed to determine the influence of age on outcomes of most commonly performed bariatric procedures. METHODS: The retrospective study included patients qualified for primary Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) or Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (LRYGB) in two academic hospitals. Patients were divided into two groups: ≥50 (21.2-26.9%) and <50 (57...
February 4, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Fu-Gang Wang, Zhao-Peng Yu, Wen-Mao Yan, Ming Yan, Mao-Min Song
BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass is a newly emerged surgical procedure in recent years. Owe to safe and simple process and effective outcomes, laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass has quickly become one of the most popular procedures in some countries. The safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass versus laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy remain unclear. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane library from inception to May 20, 2017...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Orit Shimon, Andrei Keidar, Ran Orgad, Renana Yemini, Idan Carmeli
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease and inadequate weight loss (IWL) are long-term complications of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and indications for a laparoscopic conversion to an alternative bariatric procedure. The aim of this study is to report the long-term outcomes of biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch (DS) or a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) as conversion procedures for weight loss failure after LSG. METHODS: The data of all patients who underwent post-LSG conversion to either a RYGB or a DS at our institution between November 2006 and May 2016 was retrospectively analyzed...
January 27, 2018: Obesity Surgery
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