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Neuro rehabilitation

Valerie E Kelly, Sara J Morgan, Dagmar Amtmann, Rana Salem, Brian J Hafner
PURPOSE: This study tested the hypothesis that greater perceived cognitive concerns are associated with worse mobility in a cohort of prosthesis users with lower limb loss (LLL). METHOD: We performed a secondary analysis of cross-sectional self-report data from a volunteer sample of people with LLL due to dysvascular and non-dysvacular causes. Perceived cognitive difficulties were assessed using the Quality of Life in Neurological Disorders Applied Cognition - General Concerns (Neuro-QoL ACGC)...
October 19, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Julie Vaughan-Graham, Cheryl Cott
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Clinical reasoning is an essential aspect of clinical practice, however is largely ignored in the current rehabilitation sciences evidence base. Literature related to clinical reasoning and clinical expertise has evolved concurrently although rehabilitation reasoning frameworks remain relatively generic. The purpose of this study was to explicate the clinical reasoning process of Bobath instructors of a widely used neuro-rehabilitation approach, the Bobath concept...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Oskar C Aszmann, Ivan Vujaklija, Aidan D Roche, Stefan Salminger, Malvina Herceg, Agnes Sturma, Laura A Hruby, Anna Pittermann, Christian Hofer, Sebastian Amsuess, Dario Farina
Critical soft tissue injuries may lead to a non-functional and insensate limb. In these cases standard reconstructive techniques will not suffice to provide a useful outcome, and solutions outside the biological arena must be considered and offered to these patients. We propose a concept which, after all reconstructive options have been exhausted, involves an elective amputation along with a bionic substitution, implementing an actuated prosthetic hand via a structured tech-neuro-rehabilitation program. Here, three patients are presented in whom this concept has been successfully applied after mutilating hand injuries...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
Eduardo Martínez-Montes, Julie Chobert, Mireille Besson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Simona Ferrante, Noelia Chia Bejarano, Emilia Ambrosini, Antonio Nardone, Anna M Turcato, Marco Monticone, Giancarlo Ferrigno, Alessandra Pedrocchi
It has been largely suggested in neuroscience literature that to generate a vast variety of movements, the Central Nervous System (CNS) recruits a reduced set of coordinated patterns of muscle activities, defined as muscle synergies. Recent neurophysiological studies have recommended the analysis of muscle synergies to finely assess the patient's impairment, to design personalized interventions based on the specific nature of the impairment, and to evaluate the treatment outcomes. In this scope, the aim of this study was to design a personalized multi-channel functional electrical stimulation (FES) controller for gait training, integrating three novel aspects: (1) the FES strategy was based on healthy muscle synergies in order to mimic the neural solutions adopted by the CNS to generate locomotion; (2) the FES strategy was personalized according to an initial locomotion assessment of the patient and was designed to specifically activate the impaired biomechanical functions; (3) the FES strategy was mapped accurately on the altered gait kinematics providing a maximal synchronization between patient's volitional gait and stimulation patterns...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Noa Raz, Netta Levin
Despite the fact that almost one-third of patients suffer from visual deficits following brain damage; neuro-visual rehabilitation to compensate for visual field deficits is relatively neglected in the clinical setting. This is in contrast to physio and speech therapies, which are the bread and butter of rehabilitative programs. Likewise, programs that address coping with dementia usually concentrate on language, memory and cognitive skills, but often fail to address the deficits experienced by the subset of patients suffering from progressive cortico-visual dysfunction...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Neurology
Monica Baciu, Audrey Acher, Louise Kauffmann, Emilie Cousin, Claire Boilley, Thomas Hueber, Pierre Badin, Pascal Perrier, Diandra Fabre, Assia Jaillard, Olivier Detante, Dominique Perennou
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficiency of Visual Feedback (VF) on language recovery and plasticity in three chronic non-fluent aphasic patients. VF is based on language-action interaction, thus, language skills are improved by rehabilitation strategies based on execution and observation of motor actions. VF is an ultrasound system coupled with video images, allowing patients to 'see their own lips and tongue at work' during speech and improve their awareness of their lingual and labial movements and their ability to coordinate and combine phonemes and syllables...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Gad Alon
The mechanisms that govern the application of noninvasive functional electrical stimulation (FES) have been delineated and clearly described in numerous evidenced-based research publications. The aim of this review is to summarize the primary, multi-system effects of noninvasive FES on the musculoskeletal system, the peripheral vascular system, and the central nervous systems. The presentation will relate these effects to multiple efficacious clinical studies in neuro-rehabilitation. The presentation will include discussion of the latest technological advancement in wearable FES systems and their critical role in achieving functional recovery following damage to the brain...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Chiara S Haller, Colin M Bosma, Kush Kapur, Ross Zafonte, Ellen J Langer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present investigation was to examine the association of mindful creativity with the trajectory of recovery (emotional, interpersonal, cognitive, and total functioning) of patients with severe TBI. METHODS: This was drawn from a subsample of an adult prospective cohort study on severe TBI in Switzerland; patients and their relatives were assessed at 3, 6, and 12 months (patients N = 176, relatives N = 176). Predictor measures were assessed using Mindful Creativity Scale-short form and time (trajectory of functioning of the patient over time)...
September 23, 2016: Quality of Life Research
Harika Dasari, Bharath Wootla, Arthur E Warrington, Moses Rodriguez
We provide an overview of rehabilitation in neurological diseases. A large amount of literature available on neurorehabilitation is based from the rehabilitative work on stroke and spinal cord injuries. After a brief description of rehabilitation, the potential application of neurorehabilitation in neurodegenerative diseases specifically multiple sclerosis (MS) is summarized. Since MS causes a wide variety of symptoms, the rehabilitation in MS patients may benefit from an interdisciplinary approach that encloses physiotherapy, cognitive rehabilitation, psychological therapy, occupational therapy, and other methods to improve fatigue...
August 2016: International Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Maryse C Cnossen, Suzanne Polinder, Hester F Lingsma, Andrew I R Maas, David Menon, Ewout W Steyerberg
INTRODUCTION: The strength of evidence underpinning care and treatment recommendations in traumatic brain injury (TBI) is low. Comparative effectiveness research (CER) has been proposed as a framework to provide evidence for optimal care for TBI patients. The first step in CER is to map the existing variation. The aim of current study is to quantify variation in general structural and process characteristics among centers participating in the Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury (CENTER-TBI) study...
2016: PloS One
Snigdha Dagar, Shubhajit Roy Chowdhury, Raju Surampudi Bapi, Anirban Dutta, Dipanjan Roy
Stroke is the leading cause of severe chronic disability and the second cause of death worldwide with 15 million new cases and 50 million stroke survivors. The poststroke chronic disability may be ameliorated with early neuro rehabilitation where non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques can be used as an adjuvant treatment to hasten the effects. However, the heterogeneity in the lesioned brain will require individualized NIBS intervention where innovative neuroimaging technologies of portable electroencephalography (EEG) and functional-near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) can be leveraged for Brain State Dependent Electrotherapy (BSDE)...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
Giulia Tacchino, Marta Gandolla, Stefania Coelli, Riccardo Barbieri, Alessandra Pedrocchi, Anna Maria Bianchi
Two key ingredients of a successful neuro-rehabilitative intervention have been identified as intensive and repetitive training and subject's active participation, which can be coupled in an active robot-assisted training. To exploit these two elements, we recorded electroencephalography, electromyography and kinematics signals from 9 healthy subjects performing a 2×2 factorial design protocol, with subject's volitional intention and robotic glove assistance as factors. We quantitatively evaluated primary sensorimotor, premotor and supplementary motor areas activation during movement execution by computing Event-Related Desynchronization (ERD) patterns associated to mu and beta rhythms...
August 2, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Elisa Scaccianoce, Maria Marcella Laganà, Francesca Baglio, Maria Giulia Preti, Niels Bergsland, Pietro Cecconi, Mario Clerici, Giuseppe Baselli, George Papadimitriou, Nikos Makris
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) are powerful techniques to elucidate the anatomical and functional aspects of brain connectivity. However, integrating these approaches to describe the precise link between structure and function within specific brain circuits remains challenging. In this study, a novel DTI-fMRI integration method is proposed, to provide the topographical characterization and the volumetric assessment of the functional and anatomical connections within the language circuit...
November 2016: Brain Topography
Tanja Karic, Cecilie Røe, Tonje Haug Nordenmark, Frank Becker, Angelika Sorteberg
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of early mobilization and rehabilitation on global functional outcome one year after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage. METHODS: Prospective, controlled, interventional study comprising patients managed in the neuro-intermediate ward following repair of a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. Patients in the Control group (n = 76) received standard treatment, whereas those in the Early Rehab group (n = 92) in addition underwent early mobilization and rehabilitation...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
J Douglas Salmon, Jacques J Gouws, Corina Anghel Bachmann
This three-part paper presents practical holistic models of determining impairment and occupational disability with respect to common "own occupation" and "any occupation" definitions. The models consider physical, emotional and cognitive impairments in unison, and draw upon case law support for empirically based functional assessment of secondary cognitive symptoms arising from psychological conditions, including chronic pain disorders. Case law is presented, primarily in the context of Ontario motor vehicle accident legislation, to demonstrate how triers of fact have addressed occupational disability in the context of chronic pain; and interpreted the "own occupation" and "any occupation" definitions...
May 2016: Health Law in Canada
Taner Tanriverdi, Rahsan Kemerdere, Oguz Baran, Sima Sayyahmelli, Fatma Ozlen, Cihan Isler, Mustafa Uzan, Emin Ozyurt
INTRODUCTION: Low-grade gliomas are infrequent lesions requiring special emphasis because of their relatively long follow-up time, and therefore the need for patients' well-being. Surgery provides not only increased survival but also improved quality of life for these patients. The purpose of this study was to present surgical series of frontal low-grade gliomas that were operated in our clinic and to discuss their epileptic and functional outcomes. METHODS: A series of 40 patients with low-grade glioma (WHO Grade II) were retrospectively analysed for patient characteristics, tumour location, epileptic history, surgery type (awake craniotomy, general anaesthesia), extent of resection and complications...
September 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Gábor Fazekas, Ibolya Tavaszi, András Tóth
Decreasing the often-seen multiple disabilities as a consequence of central nervous system impairments requires broadening of the tools of rehabilitation. A promising opportunity for this purpose is the application of physiotherapy robots. The development of such devices goes back a quarter of century. Nowadays several robots are commercially available both for supporting upper and lower limb therapy. The aim is never to replace the therapists, but rather to support and supplement their work. It is worthwhile applying these devices for goal-oriented exercises in high repetition, which one physically fatiguing for the therapist or for the correction of functional movement by various strategies...
March 30, 2016: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
Emer McGilloway, James Mitchell, Shreshth Dharm-Datta, Andrew Roberts, Haydn Tilley, John Etherington
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the most appropriate rehabilitation outcome measure for use in a young adult population with acquired brain injury. METHODS: A 2-year prospective study of patients admitted to a UK military neuro-rehabilitation unit with acquired brain injury to compare the appropriateness of the Functional Independence Measure/Functional Assessment Measure (FIM+FAM) vs the Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory Version 4 (MPAI-4) in assessing outcomes...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
Neethu Robinson, Ali Danish Zaidi, Mohit Rana, Vinod A Prasad, Cuntai Guan, Niels Birbaumer, Ranganatha Sitaram
Recently, studies have reported the use of Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) for developing Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) by applying online pattern classification of brain states from subject-specific fNIRS signals. The purpose of the present study was to develop and test a real-time method for subject-specific and subject-independent classification of multi-channel fNIRS signals using support-vector machines (SVM), so as to determine its feasibility as an online neurofeedback system. Towards this goal, we used left versus right hand movement execution and movement imagery as study paradigms in a series of experiments...
2016: PloS One
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