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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754119/a-pilot-study-and-brief-overview-of-rehabilitation-via-virtual-environment-in-patients-suffering-from-dementia
#1
Th Fasilis, P Patrikelis, A Siatouni, A Alexoudi, A Veretzioti, L Zachou, S-St Gatzonis
Dementia is one of the increasing problems of modern societies. The immediate cure is not a possible solution, at least at the moment, but science has found a number of new ways to retard and under specific conditions to halt its development. A potential, and constantly evolving scientific field is the use of Computerized Cognitive Rehabilitation (CCR) and Virtual Environments (Vr.E). According to the existing literature, subjecting patients to various neuro-rehabilitative conditions within 3D virtual environments, allows them to obtain significant therapeutic benefits in which both transferability and durations over time are observed, in relation to the training period of the intervention...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725348/dynamic-neuro-cognitive-imagery-improves-mental-imagery-ability-disease-severity-and-motor-and-cognitive-functions-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Amit Abraham, Ariel Hart, Isaac Andrade, Madeleine E Hackney
People with Parkinson's disease (PD) experience kinesthetic deficits, which affect motor and nonmotor functions, including mental imagery. Imagery training is a recommended, yet underresearched, approach in PD rehabilitation. Dynamic Neuro-Cognitive Imagery (DNI™) is a codified method for imagery training. Twenty subjects with idiopathic PD (Hoehn and Yahr stages I-III) were randomly allocated into DNI training (experimental; n = 10) or in-home learning and exercise program (control; n = 10). Both groups completed at least 16 hours of training within two weeks...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673069/short-term-memory-impairment-in-vestibular-patients-can-arise-independently-of-psychiatric-impairment-fatigue-and-sleeplessness
#3
Laura Smith, David Wilkinson, Mayur Bodani, Rowena Bicknell, S S Surenthiran
Vestibular dysfunction is associated with visual short-term memory impairment; however, it remains unclear if this impairment arises as a direct result of the vestibular dysfunction or is a consequence of comorbid changes in mood, affect, fatigue, and/or sleep. To this end, we assessed the concurrence and interdependence of these comorbidities in 101 individuals recruited from a tertiary balance clinic with a neuro-otological diagnosis. Over fifty per cent of the sample showed reduced visuospatial short-term memory, 60% and 37% exceeded cut-off on the Beck Anxiety and Depression Inventories, respectively, 70% exceeded cut-off on the Fatigue Severity Scale, 44% reported daytime sleepiness on the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and 78% scored above cut-off on the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670514/effects-of-tdcs-on-bimanual-motor-skills-a-brief-review
#4
REVIEW
Nils H Pixa, Bettina Pollok
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that allows the modulation of cortical excitability as well as neuroplastic reorganization using a weak constant current applied through the skull on the cerebral cortex. TDCS has been found to improve motor performance in general and motor learning in particular. However, these effects have been reported almost exclusively for unimanual motor tasks such as serial reaction time tasks, adaptation tasks, or visuo-motor tracking...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664942/dietary-cyanogen-exposure-and-early-child-neurodevelopment-an-observational-study-from-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#5
Espérance Kashala-Abotnes, Marie-Thérèse Sombo, Daniel L Okitundu, Marcel Kunyu, Guy Bumoko Makila-Mabe, Thorkild Tylleskär, Alla Sikorskii, Jean-Pierre Banea, Dieudonné Mumba Ngoyi, Désiré Tshala-Katumbay, Michael J Boivin
BACKGROUND: Dietary cyanogen exposure from ingesting bitter (toxic) cassava as a main source of food in sub-Saharan Africa is related to neurological impairments in sub-Saharan Africa. We explored possible association with early child neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: We undertook a cross-sectional neurodevelopmental assessment of 12-48 month-old children using the Mullen Scale of Early Learning (MSEL) and the Gensini Gavito Scale (GGS). We used the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-10 (HSCL-10) and Goldberg Depression Anxiety Scale (GDAS) to screen for symptoms of maternal depression-anxiety...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570423/current-and-future-trends-in-adipose-stem-cell-differentiation-into-neuroglia
#6
Sajan George, Michael R Hamblin, Heidi Abrahamse
BACKGROUND: Neurological diseases and disorders pose a challenge for treatment and rehabilitation due to the limited capacity of the nervous system to repair itself. Adipose stem cells (ASCs) are more pliable than any adult stem cells and are capable of differentiating into non-mesodermal tissues, including neurons. Transdifferentiating ASCs to specific neuronal lineage cells enables us to deliver the right type of cells required for a replacement therapy into the nervous system. METHODS: Several methodologies are being explored and tested to differentiate ASCs to functional neurons and glia with cellular factors and chemical compounds...
March 23, 2018: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562556/how-does-strength-training-and-balance-training-affect-gait-and-fatigue-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Jacob Callesen, Davide Cattaneo, John Brincks, Ulrik Dalgas
INTRODUCTION: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by a demyelination that results in reduced conductivity in the somatosensory nervous system, decreased muscle strength, vestibular alteration, and severe fatigue. Progressive resistance training (PRT) has proven to be a promising intervention showing a positive effect on muscle strength. Another promising intervention frequently used in neuro-rehabilitation is task specific training where also Balance and Motor Control Training (BMCT) are incorporated...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558230/first-report-of-the-efficacy-of-vestibular-rehabilitation-in-improving-function-in-patients-with-neurofibromatosis-type-2-an-observational-cohort-study-in-a-clinical-setting
#8
Beatrice Emmanouil, Katherine Browne, Dorothy Halliday, Allyson Parry
PURPOSE: Patients with Neurofibromatosis type 2 often experience debilitating neuro-otological problems which affect their mobility and balance. This study examined the efficacy of a personalised program of vestibular rehabilitation for patients with Neurofibromatosis type 2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational cohort study analysing routinely collected data for 21 patients in a highly specialised Neurofibromatosis type 2 service. Vestibular rehabilitation comprised an initial one-hour assessment followed by a patient-specific exercise program reviewed in person and by email consultations...
March 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550250/clinical-characteristics-and-treatment-choice-in-vestibular-migraine
#9
L Power, W Shute, B McOwan, K Murray, D Szmulewicz
This retrospective review aims to survey the clinical characteristics and management of vestibular migraine (VM) patients seen in a tertiary hospital multi-disciplinary balance disorders clinic, and how this aligns with the evidence base in the literature. A single investigator reviewed the medical records of the patients who presented to a tertiary hospital balance disorders clinic over a four month period and identified 90 cases of VM. The mean age of patients with a diagnosis of VM was 50 years (range of 17-84) and 72 (80%) were female...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545000/association-of-post-traumatic-stress-symptom-severity-with-health-related-quality-of-life-and-self-reported-functioning-across-12-months-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Colin M Bosma, Nashwa Mansoor, Chiara S Haller
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the relationship between Post-traumatic stress (PTS) symptom severity and Health-related Quality of Life (HRQoL) after severe Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). DESIGN: Longitudinal prospective multi-center, cohort study on severe TBI in Switzerland (2007-2011). Injury severity was determined using the Abbreviated Injury Score of the Head region (HAIS), following clinical assessment and initial computed tomography (CT). SETTING: Baseline data was gathered at time/location of the accident...
March 12, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526854/neural-restoration-training-improves-visual-functions-and-expands-visual-field-of-patients-with-homonymous-visual-field-defects
#11
Clara Casco, Michele Barollo, Giulio Contemori, Luca Battaglini
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the introduction of visual rehabilitation for patients with homonymous visual field defects has been met with both enthusiasm and caution. Despite the evidence that restitutive training results in expansion of the visual field, several concerns have been raised. OBJECTIVE: We tested the effectiveness of a new rehabilitative protocol called "Neuro Restoration Training" (NRT) in reducing visual field defects and in restituting visual functions in the restored hemianopic area...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487042/therapist-assisted-rehabilitation-of-visual-function-and-hemianopia-after-brain-injury-intervention-study-on-the-effect-of-the-neuro-vision-technology-rehabilitation-program
#12
Rune Skovgaard Rasmussen, Anne Marie Heltoft Schaarup, Karsten Overgaard
BACKGROUND: Serious and often lasting vision impairments affect 30% to 35% of people following stroke. Vision may be considered the most important sense in humans, and even smaller permanent injuries can drastically reduce quality of life. Restoration of visual field impairments occur only to a small extent during the first month after brain damage, and therefore the time window for spontaneous improvements is limited. One month after brain injury causing visual impairment, patients usually will experience chronically impaired vision and the need for compensatory vision rehabilitation is substantial...
February 27, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467673/gait-complexity-and-regularity-are-differently-modulated-by-treadmill-walking-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-healthy-population
#13
Thibault Warlop, Christine Detrembleur, Gaëtan Stoquart, Thierry Lejeune, Anne Jeanjean
Variability raises considerable interest as a promising and sensitive marker of dysfunction in physiology, in particular in neurosciences. Both internally (e.g., pathology) and/or externally (e.g., environment) generated perturbations and the neuro-mechanical responses to them contribute to the fluctuating dynamics of locomotion. Defective internal gait control in Parkinson's disease (PD), resulting in typical timing gait disorders, is characterized by the breakdown of the temporal organization of stride duration variability...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458397/human-arm-joints-reconstruction-algorithm-in-rehabilitation-therapies-assisted-by-end-effector-robotic-devices
#14
Arturo Bertomeu-Motos, Andrea Blanco, Francisco J Badesa, Juan A Barios, Loredana Zollo, Nicolas Garcia-Aracil
BACKGROUND: End-effector robots are commonly used in robot-assisted neuro-rehabilitation therapies for upper limbs where the patient's hand can be easily attached to a splint. Nevertheless, they are not able to estimate and control the kinematic configuration of the upper limb during the therapy. However, the Range of Motion (ROM) together with the clinical assessment scales offers a comprehensive assessment to the therapist. Our aim is to present a robust and stable kinematic reconstruction algorithm to accurately measure the upper limb joints using only an accelerometer placed onto the upper arm...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457998/home-based-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-as-an-add-on-to-pulmonary-rehabilitation-does-not-provide-further-benefits-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-multicenter-randomized-trial
#15
Tristan Bonnevie, Francis-Edouard Gravier, David Debeaumont, Catherine Viacroze, Jean-François Muir, Antoine Cuvelier, Marie Netchitaïlo, Anne-Laure Roy, Jean Quieffin, Marie-Hélène Marques, Clément Médrinal, Johan Dupuis, Catherine Tardif
OBJECTIVE: To assess the additional effect of a home-based neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) program as an add-on to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), on functional capacity in subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Single-blind, multicenter randomized trial. SETTING: Three PR centers. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects with severe to very severe COPD (N=73; median forced expiratory volume in 1 second, 1L (25th-75th percentile, 0...
February 16, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432115/the-pediatric-smartshoe-wearable-sensor-system-for-ambulatory-monitoring-of-physical-activity-and-gait
#16
Nagaraj Hegde, Ting Zhang, Gitendra Uswatte, Edward Taub, Joydip Barman, Staci McKay, Andrea Taylor, David M Morris, Angi Griffin, Edward S Sazonov
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of nonprogressive neuro-developmental conditions occurring in early childhood that causes movement disorders and physical disability. Measuring activity levels and gait patterns is an important aspect of CP rehabilitation programs. Traditionally, such programs utilize commercially available laboratory systems, which cannot to be utilized in community living. In this study, a novel, shoe-based, wearable sensor system (pediatric SmartShoe) was tested on 11 healthy children and 10 children with CP to validate its use for monitoring of physical activity and gait...
February 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401154/bereaved-caregivers-to-patients-with-high-grade-glioma-a-qualitative-explorative-study
#17
Karin Piil, Mary Jarden
PURPOSE: The disease and treatment trajectory of patients with high-grade glioma is a burdensome period for the patients' closest relatives who become informal caregivers. Caregivers experiencing this demanding shift in role are at risk of developing symptoms such as depression. Few studies have explored the needs and experiences of bereaved caregivers, and there is lack of evidence-based practice. This study explores the perspectives of newly bereaved caregivers to patients with high-grade glioma on end-of-life caregiving and bereavement...
April 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388926/-the-role-of-the-neurophysiological-methods-in-the-assessment-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-rehabilitation-of-sensorimotor-disturbances-associated-with-the-lesions-of-the-central-nervous-system-at-the-spinal-cord-level
#18
E V Ekusheva, V B Voitenkov, N V Skripchenko, I G Samoilova, V A Filimonov
AIM: The objective of the present study was the evaluation and comparison of the effectiveness of the differential approaches to the neurorehabilitation of the somatosensory disturbances in the patients presenting with the spinal cord lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 68 patients with spinal cord lesions were enrolled in the study, including 38 suffering from vascular myelopathy, 18 with the consequences of extramedullar meningioma surgery, 12 with the sequelae of acute transverse myelitis...
December 28, 2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388513/age-related-changes-in-field-dependence-independence-and-implications-for-geriatric-rehabilitation-a-review
#19
John S Y Chan, Jin H Yan
Human aging is a dynamic life-long process and an inevitable experience. As the average age of the world's population rises, demands for effective geriatric rehabilitation dramatically increase. An important consideration for enhancing geriatric behavioral interventions is to better understand aging characteristics in perceptual, cognitive, and motor performances. A general shift in cognitive style from field independence to field dependence has been consistently observed during human aging, as older adults show a greater tendency to rely on environmental information, presumably reflecting a neuro-compensatory mechanism of reducing top-down control and relying instead on bottom-up processing...
April 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336125/association-of-chronic-subjective-tinnitus-with-neuro-cognitive-performance
#20
Sunita Gudwani, Sanjay K Munjal, Naresh K Panda, Adarsh Kohli
INTRODUCTION: Chronic subjective tinnitus is associated with cognitive disruptions affecting perception, thinking, language, reasoning, problem solving, memory, visual tasks (reading) and attention. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate existence of any association between tinnitus parameters and neuropsychological performance to explain cognitive processing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design was prospective, consisting 25 patients with idiopathic chronic subjective tinnitus and gave informed consent before planning their treatment...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
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