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Outcome obesity surgery

Hisham Hussan, Peter P Stanich, Darrell M Gray, Somashekar G Krishna, Kyle Porter, Darwin L Conwell, Steven K Clinton
BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity is associated with worse colorectal cancer (CRC) perioperative outcomes. The impact of bariatric surgery on these outcomes is unknown. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample Database (2006-2012) was used to identify adults with prior bariatric surgery (divided into BMI ≤35 kg/m(2) and BMI >35 kg/m(2)) or morbid obesity that underwent CRC surgery. Main outcomes were mortality, surgical complications and health care utilization. RESULTS: There were 1813 patients with prior bariatric surgery and 22,552 morbidly obese patients that underwent CRC surgery between 2006 and 2012...
October 21, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Tamer M S Salama, Karim Sabry, Yaser El Ghamrini
PURPOSE: Single anastomosis sleeve ileal bypass (SASI) procedure appears as a new metabolic and bariatric surgery based on Santoro's operation, in which a sleeve gastrectomy is followed by a side-to-side gastroileal anastomosis. The study is aimed to evaluate the short-term outcomes of laparoscopic single anastomosis sleeve ileal bypass with respect to postoperative weight loss and metabolic and nutritional effects on patients. METHODS: Forty-five morbidly obese patients with a mean age of 31...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Paul Castellanos, Manjunath Mk, Ihab Atallah
The management of tracheobronchomalacia is a very challenging problem with few treatment options. This study aims to evaluate the outcomes of a novel surgical treatment for membranous tracheobronchomalacia. A consecutive series of patients with tracheobronchomalacia were treated with two to three holmium laser scarring surgeries of the hyperdynamic tracheal and bronchial walls for the purpose of stiffening them through fibrosis. Patients filled out a Dyspnea Index questionnaire before and after treatment. Ten patients were treated for their tracheobronchomalacia with a mean age of 54 years...
October 20, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Dora M Gorman, Carel W le Roux, Neil G Docherty
Bariatric surgery, initially intended as a weight-loss procedure, is superior to standard lifestyle intervention and pharmacological therapy for type 2 diabetes in obese individuals. Intensive medical management of hyperglycemia is associated with improved microvascular outcomes. Whether or not the reduction in hyperglycemia observed after bariatric surgery translates to improved microvascular outcomes is yet to be determined. There is substantial heterogeneity in the data relating to the impact of bariatric surgery on diabetic retinopathy (DR), the most common microvascular complication of diabetes...
October 2016: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
D Edholm, S Axer, J Hedberg, M Sundbom
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Unsatisfactory weight loss after gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy in super-obese patients (body mass index > 50) is a growing concern. Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch results in greater weight loss, but is technically challenging to perform, especially as a laparoscopic procedure (Lap-DS). The aim of this study was to compare perioperative outcomes of Lap-DS and the corresponding open procedure (O-DS) in Sweden. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data source was a nationwide cohort from the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry and 317 biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch patients (mean body mass index = 56...
October 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
Andrew J Beamish, Torsten Olbers, Aaron S Kelly, Thomas H Inge
Obesity is a major global health problem, and its multisystem effects are inextricably linked with elevated cardiovascular risk and adverse outcomes. The cardiovascular benefits of reversing obesity in adults are well-established. Compared with other weight-loss strategies, programmes that incorporate bariatric surgery for weight loss are beneficial for sustained BMI reduction. A marked improvement in cardiovascular risk factors, including hypertension, dyslipidaemia, inflammation, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, has been observed after bariatric surgery...
October 20, 2016: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
Colleen Tewksbury, Noel N Williams, Kristoffel R Dumon, David B Sarwer
Bariatric surgery is the most robust treatment for extreme obesity. The impact of preoperative medical weight management sessions designed, in theory, with the primary goal of promoting preoperative weight loss, is unclear. This paper reviews studies that have investigated the relationship between preoperative weight loss and bariatric surgical outcomes, both with respect to postoperative weight loss and complications. We conclude that the most robust of preoperative interventions has not been implemented or evaluated in a manner which would conclusively assess the value of this element of care...
October 20, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Anand Hari Segar, Jill P G Urban, Jeremy C T Fairbank, Andrew Judge
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective observational study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the relationship between obesity, quantified by body mass index (BMI), and both back and leg pain in spinal patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Obesity and back pain are massive public health problems. Given the poor correlation between pain and a pathological change in the spine, further investigation is required into other, nonpathological predictors such as obesity...
October 15, 2016: Spine
Michael Feichtinger, Tina Stopp, Sandra Hofmann, Stephanie Springer, Sophie Pils, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Herbert Kiss, Wolfgang Eppel, Andrea Tura, Latife Bozkurt, Christian S Göbl
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: A history of gastric bypass surgery can influence the results of the OGTT recommended during pregnancy. Therefore, we compared OGTT glucose kinetics and pregnancy outcome between pregnant gastric bypass patients and BMI-matched, lean and obese controls. METHODS: Medical records were used to collect data on glucose measurements during the 2 h 75 g OGTT as well as on pregnancy and fetal outcome for 304 women (n = 76 per group, matched for age and date of delivery)...
October 18, 2016: Diabetologia
Meg H Zeller, Sanita Hunsaker, Carmen Mikhail, Jennifer Reiter-Purtill, Mary Beth McCullough, Beth Garland, Heather Austin, Gia Washington, Amy Baughcum, Dana Rofey, Kevin Smith
OBJECTIVE: To comprehensively assess family characteristics of adolescents with severe obesity and whether family factors impact weight loss outcomes following weight loss surgery (WLS). METHODS: Multisite prospective data from 138 adolescents undergoing WLS and primary caregivers (adolescent: Mage  = 16.9; MBMI = 51.5 kg/m(2) ; caregiver: Mage  = 44.5; 93% female) and 83 nonsurgical comparators (NSComp: adolescent: Mage  = 16.1; MBMI = 46.9 kg/m(2) ; caregiver: Mage  = 43...
October 18, 2016: Obesity
Lava Y Patel, Brittany Lapin, Craig S Brown, Thomas Stringer, Matthew E Gitelis, John G Linn, Woody E Denham, Elizabeth Farwell, Stephen Haggerty, Michael B Ujiki
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20-30 % of morbidly obese patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) will experience significant weight regain in the years following surgery. Endoscopic gastrojejunal revision (EGJR) has been shown to be a safe, effective and less invasive alternative to revisional surgery, with promising weight loss outcomes. However, minimal data exist regarding how to perform the procedure most effectively and what factors may predict good outcomes. We compared weight loss outcomes between patients undergoing endoscopic stoma revision by one of two full-thickness suturing techniques...
October 17, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Patricia D Freitas, Palmira G Ferreira, Aline G Silva, Rafael Stelmach, Regina M Carvalho-Pinto, Frederico L A Fernandes, Marcio C Mancini, Maria N Sato, Milton A Martins, Celso R F Carvalho
RATIONALE: Clinical control is difficult to achieve in obese patients with asthma. Bariatric surgery has been recommended for weight-loss and to improve asthma control; however, the benefits of nonsurgical interventions have been poorly investigated. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of exercise training in a weight-loss program on asthma control, quality of life, inflammatory biomarkers and lung function. METHODS: Fifty-five obese patients with asthma were randomly assigned to either a weight-loss program + exercise (WL+E group, n=28) or a weight-loss program + sham (WL+S group, n=27) group, where the weight-loss program included nutrition (caloric restriction) and psychological therapies...
July 19, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Jacob R Joseph, Brandon W Smith, Paul Park
OBJECTIVE: National databases are used with increasing frequency in spine surgery literature to evaluate patient outcomes. The differences between individual databases in relationship to outcomes of lumbar fusion are not known. We evaluated the variability in standard outcomes of posterior lumbar fusion between the University HealthSystem Consortium (UHC) database and the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Inpatient Sample (NIS). METHODS: NIS and UHC databases were queried for all posterior lumbar fusions (ICD-9 81...
October 11, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Ikemefuna Onyekwelu, Steven D Glassman, Anthony L Asher, Christopher I Shaffrey, Praveen V Mummaneni, Leah Y Carreon
OBJECTIVE Prior studies have shown obesity to be associated with higher complication rates but equivalent clinical outcomes following lumbar spine surgery. These findings have been reproducible across lumbar spine surgery in general and for lumbar fusion specifically. Nevertheless, surgeons seem inclined to limit the extent of surgery, perhaps opting for decompression alone rather than decompression plus fusion, in obese patients. The purpose of this study was to ascertain any difference in clinical improvement or complication rates between obese and nonobese patients following decompression alone compared with decompression plus fusion for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS)...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Deanna J M Isaman, Amy E Rothberg, William H Herman
OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery may induce remission of type 2 diabetes in obese patients. However, estimates of remission rates reported in the literature range from 25 to 81%, contributing to the uncertainty patients and physicians both face as they assess treatment options. This analysis attempts to reconcile the seemingly disparate rates of diabetes remission reported in studies of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. It examines variation in the methodologies used to derive the estimates and proposes outcomes that should be reported by all studies...
October 13, 2016: Diabetes Care
Patchaya Boonchaya-Anant, Nitchakarn Laichuthai, Preaw Suwannasrisuk, Natnicha Houngngam, Suthep Udomsawaengsup, Thiti Snabboon
Objective. Obesity is a risk factor for hypogonadotropic hypogonadism in men. Weight loss has been shown to improve hypogonadism in obese men. This study evaluated the early changes in sex hormones profile after bariatric surgery. Methods. This is a prospective study including 29 morbidly obese men. Main outcomes were changes in serum levels of total testosterone (TT), free testosterone (cFT), SHBG, estradiol, adiponectin, and leptin at 1 and 6 months after surgery. Results. The mean age of patients was 31 ± 8 years and the mean BMI was 56...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
María Díaz-Tobarra, Norberto Cassinello Fernández, Pablo Jordá Gómez, Mohammad Nebih Nofal, Raquel Alfonso Ballester, Joaquín Ortega Serrano
BACKGROUND: Surgical strategies in patients with BMI > 55 kg/m(2) are not well established. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to compare the long term results and complications of 1- vs. 2-stage laparoscopic "Roux-en-Y″ gastric bypass (LRYGB) for patients with BMI > 55 kg/m(2). METHODS: Retrospective review of the complications and outcomes, between January 2007 and January 2010, for patients with a BMI > 55 kg/m(2) who underwent directly a LRYGB (1-stage) or a LRYGB as a 2nd stage of a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)...
October 9, 2016: Obesity Surgery
Prameela Konda, Di Ai, Carlos E Guerra, Andrea Rodriguez-Restrepo, Reza J Mehran, David Rice, Wayne Hofstetter, Jagtar Heir, Peter Kwater, Vijaya Gottumukkala, Mike Hernandez, Juan P Cata
OBJECTIVE: To identify risks factors associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) after esophageal cancer surgery. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study. SETTING: Single academic center. PARTICIPANTS: Subjects with non-metastatic esophageal cancer. Patients were excluded if they were younger than 18 years and had missing data. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Primary outcome of the study was AKI according to AKI Network criteria...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Emma Gibbons, Amanda Faith Casey, Keith Z Brewster
BACKGROUND: Rates of morbid obesity are higher for individuals with intellectual disability (ID). Individuals with ID may find nutritional guidelines difficult to follow and many face personal and environmental barriers for physical activity. Bariatric surgery may reduce obesity related health comorbidities while promoting sustained weight loss in diverse populations. Yet no study has reviewed the feasibility of conducting bariatric surgery on individuals with ID. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a scoping review of literature on bariatric procedures performed on individuals with ID...
September 16, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Dong Hwan Jun, Beom Jin Kim, Ji Hoon Park, Jae G Kim, Kyong-Choun Chi, Joong-Min Park, Mi Kyung Kim, Hyun Kang
Radical gastrectomy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer causes serious nutritional impairment. Our study evaluated the clinical impact of body mass index (BMI) on the long-term outcomes of advanced gastric cancer (stage II and III). We analyzed 211 cases of stage II and III gastric cancer between January 2005 and December 2010 at Chung-Ang University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. Patients were divided into four groups according to BMI: underweight, normal, overweight, and obese. In addition, we divided patients into two groups: BMI-High (BMI ≥ 23 kg/m(2)) vs...
October 7, 2016: Nutrition and Cancer
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