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Outcome obesity surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534363/laparoscopic-gastrectomy-in-obese-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#1
Juan Tan, Shaihong Zhu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the surgical and survival outcomes of laparoscopic gastrectomy in obese patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: All obese patients (body mass index/BMI ≥30 kg/m(2)) who underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer with radical intent from January 2008 to September 2016 were compared with non-obese patients undergoing similar surgery. The patient short- and long-term outcomes (overall [OS] and disease-free survival [DFS]) were reviewed...
March 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532499/laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-versus-laparoscopic-mini-gastric-bypass-in-the-treatment-of-obesity-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Marko Kraljević, Tarik Delko, Thomas Köstler, Elena Osto, Thomas Lutz, Sarah Thommen, Raoul A Droeser, Lincoln Rothwell, Daniel Oertli, Urs Zingg
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is considered the gold standard in bariatric surgery, achieving durable long-term weight loss with improvement of obesity-related comorbidities. Lately, the laparoscopic mini gastric bypass (LMGB) has gained worldwide popularity with similar results to LRYGB in terms of weight loss and comorbidity resolution. However, there is a lack of randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing LMGB and LRYGB. This article describes the design and protocol of a randomized controlled trial comparing the outcomes of these two bariatric procedures...
May 22, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531563/what-do-individuals-with-morbid-obesity-report-as-a-usual-dietary-intake-a-narrative-review-of-available-evidence
#3
Cathy M Harbury, Elisabeth E Verbruggen, Robin Callister, Clare E Collins
BACKGROUND: In several developed countries, as obesity prevalence doubles it has quadrupled for morbid obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kgm(-2)). As more individuals with morbid obesity present for weight loss treatment there is a greater need to understand their dietary habits. No reviews were found in the literature, therefore this systematic review aims to identify and describe the existing evidence on the usual dietary intake of individuals with morbid obesity including those from a general population and those seeking treatment such as weight loss surgery...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528269/bariatric-surgery-for-the-obese-patients-undergoing-liver-transplantation-the-case-for
#4
Anya Adair
The incidence of obesity is rising exponentially. This is having a direct impact on liver transplantation due to an increase in NAFLD disease and numbers of overweight and obese patients requiring transplantation. There is now evidence suggesting that obesity has a negative impact on both graft and patient survival. There remains an imbalance between number of donors available and patients requiring transplantation. We therefore need to ensure we make the best use of the organs available, optimizing graft and patient survival in those fortunate enough to receive an organ...
May 17, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527156/the-effect-of-aerobic-or-aerobic-strength-exercise-on-body-composition-and-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-bmi-%C3%A2-35-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial
#5
Alireza Hassannejad, Alireza Khalaj, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mastaneh Rajabian Tabesh, Zahra Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies suggested that bariatric surgery is the most effective and sustainable treatment method for morbid obesity in long term, but without changing in lifestyle, maintaining optimal weight loss is almost impossible. METHODS: Sixty morbid obese patients (BMI ≥ 35) were evaluated before and after 12 weeks of bariatric surgery in order to compare the impact of two different exercise programs on body composition and functional capacity outcomes...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527103/quality-of-life-after-bariatric-surgery
#6
REVIEW
Laura M Mazer, Dan E Azagury, John M Morton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an introduction to quality of life (QOL) outcomes after bariatric surgery and a summary of the current evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: QOL has been emphasized in bariatric surgery since the NIH Consensus Conference statement in 1991. Initial studies were limited to 1- and 2-year follow-up. More recent findings have expanded the follow-up period up to 12 years, providing a better description of the impact on long-term QOL...
May 19, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526630/what-is-the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-erectile-function-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Felipe Placco Araujo Glina, Júlia Walter de Freitas Barboza, Victor Moises Nunes, Sidney Glina, Wanderley Marques Bernardo
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a worldwide public health issue that has severe psychological and social implications. Erectile dysfunction also is a prevalent clinical situation, and obesity is one of the primary risk factors for its development. AIM: To determine whether bariatric surgery can lessen erectile dysfunction in obese men because of evidence showing that weight loss in obese men contributes to decreasing erectile dysfunction and bariatric surgery contributes to significant weight loss...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524627/weight-loss-interventions-and-gut-microbiota-changes-in-overweight-and-obese-patients-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
F B Seganfredo, C A Blume, M Moehlecke, A Giongo, D S Casagrande, J V N Spolidoro, A V Padoin, B D Schaan, C C Mottin
Imbalances in the gut microbiota, the bacteria that inhabit the intestines, are central to the pathogenesis of obesity. This systematic review assesses the association between the gut microbiota and weight loss in overweight/obese adults and its potential manipulation as a target for treating obesity. This review identified 43 studies using the keywords 'overweight' or 'obesity' and 'microbiota' and related terms; among these studies, 17 used dietary interventions, 11 used bariatric surgery and 15 used microbiota manipulation...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520460/the-influence-of-body-mass-index-on-outcomes-after-hip-arthroscopic-surgery-with-capsular-plication-for-the-treatment-of-femoroacetabular-impingement
#9
Bryan M Saltzman, Benjamin D Kuhns, Bryce Basques, Timothy Leroux, Jennifer Alter, Richard C Mather, Michael J Salata, Shane J Nho
BACKGROUND: It remains unknown how variations in body mass index (BMI) influence outcomes after primary hip arthroscopic surgery with capsular plication for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect that abnormal BMI (namely, overweight, obese, morbidly obese, and underweight) versus normal weight has on patient-reported clinical outcomes more than 2 years postoperatively from primary hip arthroscopic surgery with capsular plication by a single surgeon...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515062/changes-in-total-energy-intake-and-macronutrient-composition-after-bariatric-surgery-predict-long-term-weight-outcome-findings-from-the-swedish-obese-subjects-sos-study
#10
Noora Kanerva, Ingrid Larsson, Markku Peltonen, Anna-Karin Lindroos, Lena M Carlsson
Background: Approximately 20-30% of obese patients do not achieve successful weight outcomes after bariatric surgery.Objective: We examined whether short-term changes (≤0.5 y postsurgery) in energy intake and macronutrient composition after bariatric surgery could predict 10-y weight change.Design: Participants were recruited from the Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study, which was a matched (nonrandomized) prospective trial that compared bariatric surgery with usual care for obese patients. A total of 2010 patients who underwent bariatric surgery were included in the study...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508277/surgical-management-of-obesity-among-people-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-outcomes-and-recommendations-for-future-research
#11
Youssef Kouidrat, Ali Amad, Brendon Stubbs, Suzan Moore, Fiona Gaughran
BACKGROUND: People with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder (BD) exhibit very high levels of obesity. Little is known about the potential benefits/risks of obesity surgery. We conducted a narrative review to summarize the available knowledge on bariatric surgery in people with schizophrenia or BD. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted of major electronic databases from inception to October 2016 for studies investigating bariatric surgery among people with schizophrenia or BD...
May 15, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506306/predictors-of-physical-and-mental-health-in-persons-with-morbid-obesity-attending-a-patient-education-course-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#12
Anners Lerdal, Caryl L Gay, Tore Bonsaksen, May Solveig Fagermoen
BACKGROUND: People with morbid obesity (body mass index ≥40) may experience changes in their health after participating in a tailored patient education course. The aims of this study were to assess the changes in physical and mental health in persons with morbid obesity during the 2 years following an educational course and to explore possible socio-demographic, treatment, and personal predictors of physical and mental health outcomes. METHODS: In this prospective longitudinal cohort study, self-report questionnaire data were collected from people with morbid obesity at the beginning of mandatory educational courses while on a waiting list for gastric surgery and at two-year follow-up...
May 15, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500419/bariatric-surgery-as-a-bridge-to-renal-transplantation-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#13
Shadi Al-Bahri, Tannous K Fakhry, John Paul Gonzalvo, Michel M Murr
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a relative contraindication to organ transplantation. Preliminary reports suggest that bariatric surgery may be used as a bridge to transplantation in patients who are not eligible for transplantation because of morbid obesity. SETTING: The Bariatric Center at Tampa General Hospital, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida. METHODS: We reviewed the outcomes of 16 consecutive patients on hemodialysis for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who underwent bariatric surgery from 1998 to 2016...
May 13, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499084/psychological-assessment-of-emirati-patients-pursuing-bariatric-surgery-for-obesity
#14
Ossama T Osman, Essam Emam, Taoufik Zoubeidi, Fadwa Al-Mugaddam, Abdul-Kader Souid
Background: Obesity is currently a rapidly growing global problem of epidemic proportions and is especially prevalent in economically developed countries such as the United Arab Emirates. Obese individuals are increasingly considering bariatric surgery as their preferred means of choice for the reduction of excess body fat. This study explored the psychological characteristics that may potentially complicate the surgical management of obesity. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of Emirati patients attending a bariatric clinic at Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates, between December 2010 and February 2012...
May 11, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498926/categorizing-body-mass-index-biases-assessment-of-the-association-with-post-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-mortality
#15
Giovanni Filardo, Benjamin D Pollock, James Edgerton
OBJECTIVES: The high prevalence of obesity makes accurately estimating the impact of anthropometric measures on cardiac surgery outcomes critical. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery risk model includes body surface area (as a continuous variable, using spline functions), but most studies apply various categorizations of body mass index (BMI)-contributing to the contradictory published findings. We assessed the association between BMI (modelled as a continuous variable without assumptions of linearity) and CABG operative mortality and examined the impact of applying previous studies' BMI modelling strategies...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494898/the-effect-of-desflurane-versus-propofol-anesthesia-on-postoperative-delirium-in-elderly-obese-patients-undergoing-total-knee-replacement-a-randomized-controlled-double-blinded-clinical-trial
#16
Pedro Tanaka, Stuart Goodman, Barbara R Sommer, William Maloney, James Huddleston, Hendrikus J Lemmens
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate the incidence of delirium, wake-up times and early post-operative cognitive decline in one hundred obese elderly patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. DESIGN: Prospective randomized trial. SETTINGS: Operating room, postoperative recovery area, hospital wards. PATIENTS: 100 obese patients (ASA II and III) undergoing primary total knee replacement under general anesthesia with a femoral nerve block catheter...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494111/evaluation-of-indicated-non-cosmetic-panniculectomy-at-time-of-gynecologic-surgery
#17
Ryan W Rasmussen, Jay R Patibandla, Michael P Hopkins
OBJECTIVE: To report postoperative outcomes among patients undergoing indicated non-cosmetic panniculectomy at the time of gynecologic surgery. METHODS: Medical charts were retrospectively reviewed for patients who underwent panniculectomy coupled with gynecologic surgery at a university-affiliated hospital in the USA in 1990-2014. The data reviewed included age, body mass index (BMI, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters), surgical procedure, estimated blood loss, pathology, wound complication, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, and readmission rate...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489161/quality-of-life-after-vertical-gastrectomy-evaluated-by-the-baros-questionnaire
#18
Giselle Abigail Mendes, Guilherme Pedroso Vargas
Background: The satisfactory outcome in the surgical treatment of obesity must include, in addition to weight loss, a significant change in the pre-existing comorbidities and in the quality of life. Aim: To evaluate the quality of life in the late postoperative period in patients that underwent videolaparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Methods: It was applied the questionnaire "Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System" (BAROS) in patients that underwent videolaparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484796/fusion-of-the-subtalar-joint-for-post-traumatic-arthrosis-a-study-of-functional-outcomes-and-non-unions
#19
Patrick Ziegler, Jan Friederichs, Sven Hungerer
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective cohort study was to quantify the rate of non-unions after arthrodesis of the subtalar joint, to identify risk factors and to evaluate the functional outcome. METHODS: Patients with subtalar fusion from 2000 to 2013 and pre-existing post-traumatic osteoarthritis of the subtalar joint were analysed for risk factors like revision surgery, infection history in the area of operation, obesity, diabetes, cigarette smoking and alcohol abuse...
May 8, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476166/predictors-of-failure-of-dise-directed-adenotonsillectomy-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#20
Noura Alsufyani, Andre Isaac, Manisha Witmans, Paul Major, Hamdy El-Hakim
BACKGROUND: Adenotonsillectomy (AT) is the most commonly performed procedure for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in pediatrics. However, 20-40% of patients will have persistent signs and symptoms of SDB after AT. Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) has the potential to individualize surgical treatments and avoid unnecessary or unsuccessful surgeries. The objective of this study was to determine the predictors of failure of DISE-directed adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy in otherwise healthy children with SDB...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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