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Stigma and mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637124/recovery-and-creative-practices-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-evaluating-well-being-and-social-inclusion
#1
Javier Saavedra, Elvira Pérez, Paul Crawford, Samuel Arias
PURPOSE: This mixed (quantitative-qualitative) study evaluates the impact of an artistic workshop on a group of people with severe mental illness (SMI). This study focuses on the impact of creative practices on well-being and social inclusion outcomes. METHOD: After participating in a creative workshop, 31 people diagnosed with a SMI completed pre/post-intervention measures, namely, the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale and the Social Inclusion questionnaire...
February 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635436/changes-in-the-nature-and-intensity-of-stress-following-employment-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-receiving-individual-placement-and-support-services-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#2
Christine Besse, Daniel Poremski, Vincent Laliberté, Eric Latimer
BACKGROUND: Most people with severe mental illness (SMI) want to work. Individual placement and support (IPS) programs have proven effective in helping them obtain and keep competitive jobs. Yet, practitioners often fear that competitive jobs might be too stressful. AIMS: To explore how the nature and intensity of stress experienced by IPS clients changed after the transition from looking for work to being employed. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews explored the experiences of 16 clients of an IPS program who had recently been competitively employed...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635434/mental-health-professionals-and-media-professionals-a-survey-of-attitudes-towards-one-another
#3
Beth Chapman, Rohit Shankar, Joanne Palmer, Richard Laugharne
BACKGROUND: The general public regard mass media as their main source of information about mental illness. Psychiatrists are reluctant to engage with the media. There is little understanding of why this is the case. AIMS: The paper looks to explore attitudes of mental health clinicians and the media towards one another. METHOD: Media and mental health clinicians in the southwest of England completed self-report surveys. RESULTS: Of 119 questionnaires returned 85 were mental health clinicians and 34 media professionals...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633174/do-us-medical-licensing-applications-treat-mental-and-physical-illness-equivalently
#4
Katherine J Gold, Elizabeth R Shih, Edward B Goldman, Thomas L Schwenk
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: State medical licensing boards are responsible for evaluating physician impairment. Given the stigma generated by mental health issues among physicians and in the medical training culture, we were interested in whether states asked about mental and physical health conditions differently and whether questions focused on current impairment. METHODS: Two authors reviewed physician medical licensing applications for US physicians seeking first-time licensing in 2013 in the 50 states and the District of Columbia...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622573/the-specificity-of-public-stigma-a-comparison-of-suicide-and-depression-related-stigma
#5
Lindsay Sheehan, Rachel Dubke, Patrick W Corrigan
Each year, approximately 1.3 million Americans survive a suicide attempt. While stigma has been reported by suicide attempt survivors, limited research has examined how suicide stigma may differ from the stigma of mental illness. U.S. adults (n = 440) completed an online survey in which they were randomly assigned to one of four vignettes. Vignettes depicted a target individual with either past depression, past suicide attempt, death by suicide, or no information on suicide or mental illness (control). Participants completed a general measure of stigma, a suicide-specific stigma measure, and were surveyed on the recovery potential of individuals with mental illness and suicide attempt...
June 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617207/development-and-validation-of-a-scale-assessing-mental-health-clinicians-experiences-of-associative-stigma
#6
Philip T Yanos, Beth Vayshenker, Joseph S DeLuca, Lauren K O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: Mental health professionals who work with people with serious mental illnesses are believed to experience associative stigma. Evidence suggests that associative stigma could play an important role in the erosion of empathy among professionals; however, no validated measure of the construct currently exists. This study examined the convergent and discriminant validity and factor structure of a new scale assessing the associative stigma experiences of clinicians working with people with serious mental illnesses...
June 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606624/-impact-of-education-program-and-clinical-posting-in-psychiatry-on-medical-students-stigmatizing-attitudes-towards-psychiatry-and-psychiatric-disorders
#7
N Simon, H Verdoux
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore whether a medical student education program and clinical posting in psychiatry had an impact on medical students' stigmatizing attitudes towards psychiatry and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Medical students from the University of Bordeaux were recruited during their 4-year course at the beginning of the academic education program in psychiatry. Medical students who were concomitantly in a clinical posting in wards of psychiatry or neurology were invited to participate in the study...
June 9, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604203/experiences-of-a-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-service
#8
Nicola Evans
Aim To explore the experiences of children, young people and their families attending their first appointments with a child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) clinic. Method Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of 17 family groups who attended an outpatient clinic. Findings Four themes were identified: telling traumatic events, feeling the stigma associated with mental ill health, experience of being in unfamiliar territory and having a therapeutic connection. Conclusion Families attribute significant meaning to their first engagement with CAMHS...
June 12, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600645/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-perinatal-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-development-of-an-inpatient-group-intervention
#9
REVIEW
Alexa Bonacquisti, Matthew J Cohen, Crystal Edler Schiller
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for childbearing women. Current treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy, have demonstrated modest success in addressing perinatal psychiatric symptoms; however, additional treatment options are needed to address the limitations of current approaches, particularly for women experiencing moderate to severe perinatal mental illness during pregnancy or postpartum. We discuss the use of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) as a promising treatment approach that may be uniquely suited for perinatal women due to its emphasis of values, mindfulness, and acceptance; these psychological constructs notably address the significant psychiatric and behavioral health condition comorbidity, somatic symptoms, and stigma associated with perinatal mood and anxiety disorders...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600644/women-s-experiences-of-participating-in-a-prospective-longitudinal-postpartum-depression-study-insights-for-perinatal-mental-health-researchers
#10
Heather J Andrighetti, Alicia Semaka, Jehannine C Austin
Barriers to recruitment for research on mental illness include participant distrust of researchers and social stigma. Though these issues may be acutely important in perinatal mental health research, they remain unexplored in this context. In order to inform strategies to more fully engage women in perinatal mental health research, we explored the motivations and experiences of women with a history of major depressive disorder who participated in a prospective longitudinal research study on postpartum depression (PPD)...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589777/social-network-recovery-attitudes-and-internal-stigma-among-those-with-serious-mental-illness
#11
Bernadette Am Cullen, Ramin Mojtabai, Elahe Bordbar, Anita Everett, Katie L Nugent, William W Eaton
BACKGROUND: Social network size and strength is an important determinant of overall health. AIMS: This study describes the extent and strength of the social network among a sample of individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) and explores the relationship between an individual's social network and their experience of internal stigma and recovery attitudes. METHODS: Over a 2-year period, consecutive new patients with SMI attending two community mental health clinics were recruited and interviewed using a comprehensive battery of assessments including assessment of internalized stigma, recovery attitudes and symptom severity...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585666/public-stigma-toward-mental-illness-in-jordan-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-family-members-of-individuals-with-schizophrenia-depression-and-anxiety
#12
Abd Al-Hadi Hasan, Mahmoud Musleh
Stigma affects family members of individuals with mental illness. A survey of 640 family members of individuals with mental illness was conducted. Three factors were found to influence stigma regarding schizophrenia, depression, and anxiety: (a) preconceived stereotypes, (b) a sense of personal responsibility or blame for the condition, and (c) perceptions of the patient's inability to recover from the condition. A stronger association between negative stereotypes and inability to recover was found with schizophrenia than depression or anxiety...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582718/stigma-and-discrimination-experienced-by-people-with-schizophrenia-living-in-the-community-in-guangzhou-china
#13
Jie Li, Yang-Bo Guo, Yuan-Guang Huang, Jing-Wen Liu, Wen Chen, Xiang-Yang Zhang, Sara Evans-Lacko, Graham Thornicroft
The aims of this study were to investigate experienced stigma and discrimination and their associated factors in people with schizophrenia who live in the community in Guangzhou, China. A total of 384 people with schizophrenia were randomly recruited from four districts of Guangzhou and completed the scales and questionnaires: Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness scale (ISMI), Self-Esteem Scale (SES), Discrimination and Stigma Scale (DISC-12), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), PANSS negative scale (PANSS-N), Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) and Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale (SQLS)...
May 29, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577114/building-beautiful-minds-teaching-through-movies-to-tackle-stigma-in-psychology-students-in-the-uae
#14
Eleni Petkari
OBJECTIVE: The use of movie-based educational interventions has been used widely and is considered an effective method aiming at changing the stigmatizing attitudes of future mental health professionals. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a 10-week intervention that combined movies and related discussions in a sample of 26 psychology students in the United Arab Emirates, where the opportunities for real contact with patients with mental illness are limited. METHODS: By means of mixed methods approach, students were assessed at two time points by the Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers [OMS-HC] (T1-T2) and by qualitative questions only at the end of the intervention (T2)...
June 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570585/prevalence-of-depression-and-associated-clinical-and-socio-demographic-factors-in-people-living-with-lymphatic-filariasis-in-plateau-state-nigeria
#15
James Obindo, Jibril Abdulmalik, Emeka Nwefoh, Michael Agbir, Charles Nwoga, Aishatu Armiya'u, Francis Davou, Kurkat Maigida, Emmanuel Otache, Ajuma Ebiloma, Samuel Dakwak, John Umaru, Elisha Samuel, Christopher Ogoshi, Julian Eaton
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis is a chronic, disabling and often disfiguring condition that principally impacts the world's poorest people. In addition to the well-recognised physical disability associated with lymphedema and hydrocele, affected people often experience rejection, stigma and discrimination. The resulting emotional consequences are known to impact on the quality of life and the functioning of the affected individuals. However, the management of this condition has focused on prevention and treatment through mass drug administration, with scant attention paid to the emotional impact of the condition on affected individuals...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569084/the-correlates-of-quality-of-life-among-jordanian-patients-with-schizophrenia
#16
Ahmad Rayan, Khaldoon Obiedate
BACKGROUND: Addressing the quality of life (QOL) of patients with schizophrenia is of special importance in the Arab world, where little knowledge is available about their well-being, and most of them experience stigma and living in poverty. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine the association of sociodemographic characteristics, severity of depressive symptoms, and various aspects of public stigma against mental illness, with QOL among Jordanian patients with schizophrenia...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564494/how-people-from-chinese-backgrounds-make-sense-of-and-respond-to-the-experiences-of-mental-distress-a-qualitative-study
#17
Echo Yuet Wah Yeung, Fiona Irvine, Siu Man Ng, Sandra Tsang
INTRODUCTION: Late presentation and low utilisation of mental health services are common among Chinese populations. An understanding of their journey towards mental health care helps to identify timely and appropriate intervention. AIM: We aimed to examine how Chinese populations make sense of the experiences of mental distress, and how this understanding influences their pathways to mental health care. METHOD: We undertook in-depth interviews with fourteen people with mental health problems and sixteen family members...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561218/-50th-anniversary-of-psychiatric-attitude-research-in-germany
#18
Matthias C Angermeyer, Herbert Matschinger, Georg Schomerus
Objective Analysis of the development of psychiatric attitude research in Germany over the past 50 years. Methods Historical overview based on systematic reviews of population-based studies. Results In the beginning, public attitudes towards people with mental disorders and towards psychiatry were studied from a sociological perspective, later on research was guided by a social psychological or individual psychological approach. This provided important insights into processes underlying the stigma of mental illness (e...
May 23, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559365/-trapped-in-the-labyrinth-exploring-mental-illness-through-devised-theatrical-performance
#19
Paul Patterson, Persephone Sextou
Mental health difficulties remain a major source of burden and distress for individuals, families, health and social care providers with stigma a key target for educational campaigns attempting to improve care pathways and access to support. Stigma is a multifaceted concept having a range of drivers including shame and is thought to act as a barrier to successful help seeking and engagement with support services. The current paper explores some of the salient themes that emerged from a British university drama project on the impact of symptoms and behaviours associated with a severe mental health condition on a young couple's relationship and reflects on the opportunities for connection with an audience provided by the medium and experience...
June 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559363/introduction-historical-contexts-to-communicating-mental-health
#20
Rebecca Wynter, Leonard Smith
Contemporary discussions around language, stigma and care in mental health, the messages these elements transmit, and the means through which they have been conveyed, have a long and deep lineage. Recognition and exploration of this lineage can inform how we communicate about mental health going forward, as reflected by the 9 papers which make up this special issue. Our introduction provides some framework for the history of communicating mental health over the past 300 years. We will show that there have been diverse ways and means of describing, disseminating and discussing mental health, in relation both to therapeutic practices and between practitioners, patients and the public...
June 2017: Medical Humanities
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