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Stigma and mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543870/experiencing-stigma-as-a-nurse-with-mental-illness
#1
A L Peterson
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Stigma involves connecting individuals with a particular label to negative characteristics; this is based not on the stigmatized condition itself, but cultural reactions to it. Stigma exists towards nurses with mental illness. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This paper offers a first-person account of experiencing stigma as a nurse with a mental illness. This paper incorporates the existing literature to offer a broader cultural perspective on the experiences of a nurse with a mental illness...
June 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543049/the-correlates-of-stigma-toward-mental-illness-among-jordanian-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#2
Ahmad Rayan, Maryam Husnee Mahroum, Aws Khasawneh
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing rates of patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) in Jordan, there is little knowledge available about the factors associated with the quality of life (QOL) among this population in particular. AIMS: This study aims to assess the level of QOL among Jordanian patients with MDD and to examine the possible correlates of QOL in this population. METHODS: A descriptive correlational design was used...
May 23, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541238/attitudes-of-psychology-students-to-depression-and-its-treatment-implications-for-clinical-practice
#3
M Economou, L E Peppou, K Geroulanou, K Kontoangelos, A Prokopi, A Pantazi, A Zervakaki, C N Stefanis
Stigma and mental health literacy affect access to and quality of treatment of major depression. Though mental health professionals seem better able to recognize major depression than the general public, they often hold similarly stigmatizing attitudes towards people suffering from the disorder. These attitudes are shaped jointly by the public stigma attached to mental illnesses as well as by the content and delivery of mental health professionals' undergraduate training. In line with this, the present study aimed to explore psychology students' ability to recognize major depression, their attitudes towards the disorder, and their views surrounding helpfulness of various interventions...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541115/will-royal-patronage-improve-perceptions-of-mental-illness
#4
Alan Glasper
Emeritus Professor Alan Glasper, from the University of Southampton, discusses the stigma still suffered by people with mental health disorders and whether a recently launched campaign can help challenge it.
May 25, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537757/schizophrenia-in-the-news-the-role-of-news-frames-in-shaping-online-reader-dialogue-about-mental-illness
#5
Anna Rae Gwarjanski, Scott Parrott
A quantitative content analysis examined the portrayal of schizophrenia in eight of the most read online news publications in the United States. The analysis documented the prevalence of stigma frames, which communicate stereotypes concerning schizophrenia, and stigma-challenge frames, which contradict stereotypes, in 558 articles related to schizophrenia. The study also examined the relationship between media framing and reader commentary, including the likelihood of readers posting stigmatizing comments, stigma-challenging comments, and comments in which they disclosed personal experience with mental illness...
May 24, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537124/family-group-interventions-in-an-early-psychosis-program-a-re-evaluation-of-practice-after-10%C3%A2-years-of-service-delivery
#6
Kate Day, Rachael Starbuck, Melissa Petrakis
INTRODUCTION: The role of family in supporting service users in coping with illness and engaging in relapse prevention in early psychosis is important. Taking on this caring though is stressful and challenging, and it has been found that support and information for carers assists in their coping and reduces isolation. AIMS: To evaluate the current utility of a psychoeducation group program in a public adult mental health service, for the families of people experiencing early psychosis...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537123/stigma-experienced-by-caregivers-of-patients-with-severe-mental-disorders-a-nationwide-multicentric-study
#7
Sandeep Grover, Ajit Avasthi, Aakanksha Singh, Amitava Dan, Rajarishi Neogi, Darpan Kaur, Bhavesh Lakdawala, Abhijit R Rozatkar, Naresh Nebhinani, Suravi Patra, Priya Sivashankar, Alka A Subramanyam, Adarsh Tripathi, Ab Majid Gania, Gurvinder Pal Singh, Prakash Behere
BACKGROUND: Stigma is very common among caregivers of patients with severe mental disorder; however, there is lack of national level data from India. AIM: To assess affiliate stigma and its correlates among caregivers of patients with severe mental disorders. METHOD: For this, caregivers of patients with schizophrenia ( N = 707), bipolar disorder ( N = 344) and recurrent depressive disorder ( N = 352) were assessed on Stigma scale for Caregivers of People with Mental Illness and General Health Questionnaire...
May 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533684/stigma-associated-with-mental-illness-perspectives-of-university-students-in-qatar
#8
Monica Zolezzi, Nawal Bensmail, Farah Zahrah, Salma Mawfek Khaled, Tayseer El-Gaili
BACKGROUND: Stigma in relation to mental illness is one of the main factors inhibiting people from seeking help. Studies have been undertaken looking into the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs (KAB) about mental illness among residents in Qatar; however, none have looked specifically at students in higher education. The aim of this study was to understand the KAB toward mental illness among students at a Qatari university and determine if there are any differences based on gender, nationality, and college type...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531176/stigma-of-addiction-and-mental-illness-in-healthcare-the-case-of-patients-experiences-in-dental-settings
#9
Mario A Brondani, Rana Alan, Leeann Donnelly
OBJECTIVE: To explore the ways in which stigma is experienced in healthcare and dental settings by patients with a history of addiction and mental illness. METHODS: Audio-recorded, semi-structured interviews with a purposefully selected convenience sample of residents from two community treatment centres in Vancouver, Canada were conducted. The interview guide contained questions about experiences while seeking health and dental care and was based on an existing framework of labeling, stereotyping, exclusion, discrimination, and power imbalance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530015/the-relationship-between-internalized-stigma-and-quality-of-life-among-people-with-mental-illness-are-self-esteem-and-sense-of-coherence-sequential-mediators
#10
Piotr Świtaj, Paweł Grygiel, Anna Chrostek, Izabela Nowak, Jacek Wciórka, Marta Anczewska
PURPOSE: To elucidate the mechanism through which internalized stigma reduces the quality of life (QoL) of people with mental illness by exploring the mediating roles of self-esteem and sense of coherence (SOC). METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of 229 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or affective disorders was undertaken to test a sequential mediation model assuming that more severe internalized stigma is related to lower self-esteem, which is associated with weaker SOC, which in turn relates to worse QoL...
May 22, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528986/how-family-members-of-mentally-ill-offenders-experience-the-internment-measure-and-forensic-psychiatric-treatment-in-belgium-a-qualitative-study
#11
Sara Rowaert, Stijn Vandevelde, Gilbert Lemmens, Kurt Audenaert
Mentally ill offenders in Belgium can be subjected to mandated care under an "internment measure" if they are viewed as a danger to society. This study investigated how family members of mentally ill offenders experience this internment measure and view the (forensic) psychiatric treatment of their relative. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 24 relatives and analysed using Nvivo 11. Six different themes emerged: (1) the criminal offence and the internment measure as an additional stigma, (2) ambivalent feelings towards the judicial system, (3) prison is not the right place to be, (4) mental health support as an answer to problems, (5) fight a losing battle, and (6) while there is life there is hope...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516801/representations-of-mental-health-and-arts-participation-in-the-national-and-local-british-press-2007-2015
#12
Dimitrinka Atanasova, Nelya Koteyko, Brian Brown, Paul Crawford
We analysed news articles published in national and local British newspapers between 2007 and 2015 to understand (1) how mental health and arts participation were framed and (2) how the relationships between participants in arts initiatives were conceptualised. Using corpus-assisted qualitative frame analysis, we identified frames of recovery, stigma and economy. The recovery frame, which emphasised that mental illness can be treated similarly to physical illness, positioned arts participation as a form of therapy that can complement or substitute medication...
May 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499109/public-stigma-toward-people-with-drug-addiction-a-factorial-survey
#13
Sebastian Sattler, Alice Escande, Eric Racine, Anja S Göritz
OBJECTIVE: Stigmatizing attitudes toward people with a drug addiction have detrimental effects on the lives of these people. However, the factors that influence stigma toward people with a drug addiction have not yet been thoroughly investigated, compared with the stigma of other mental illnesses. Based on attribution theory, our experiment examined to what extent individual and contextual characteristics of people with a drug addiction influence stigmatizing attitudes toward people with a drug addiction...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497357/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-treatment-of-individuals-with-common-mental-disorders-regarding-subsequent-development-of-mental-illness
#14
Thomas E Dorner, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
PURPOSE: Socioeconomic differences appear to be reflected in both, the development and the treatment of common mental disorders (CMDs, i.e. depressive, anxiety and stress-related disorders). Underlying mechanisms of these inequalities are to date not fully understood. This study aimed to investigate if (1) there are socioeconomic differences with regard to type of treatment and (2) if the socioeconomic status modifies the association between treatment and subsequent inpatient care or suicide attempt, respectively, in individuals with CMDs...
May 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496396/interventions-for-reducing-self-stigma-in-people-with-mental-illnesses-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
REVIEW
Roland Brian Büchter, Melanie Messer
Background: Self-stigma occurs when people with mental illnesses internalize negative stereotypes and prejudices about their condition. It can reduce help-seeking behaviour and treatment adherence. The effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing self-stigma in people with mental illness is systematically reviewed. Results are discussed in the context of a logic model of the broader social context of mental illness stigma. Methods: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, ERIC, and CENTRAL were searched for randomized controlled trials in November 2013...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495549/a-blind-spot-on-the-global-mental-health-map-a-scoping-review-of-25-years-development-of-mental-health-care-for-people-with-severe-mental-illnesses-in-central-and-eastern-europe
#16
REVIEW
Petr Winkler, Dzmitry Krupchanka, Tessa Roberts, Lucie Kondratova, Vendula Machů, Cyril Höschl, Norman Sartorius, Robert Van Voren, Oleg Aizberg, Istvan Bitter, Arlinda Cerga-Pashoja, Azra Deljkovic, Naim Fanaj, Arunas Germanavicius, Hristo Hinkov, Aram Hovsepyan, Fuad N Ismayilov, Sladana Strkalj Ivezic, Marek Jarema, Vesna Jordanova, Selma Kukić, Nino Makhashvili, Brigita Novak Šarotar, Oksana Plevachuk, Daria Smirnova, Bogdan Ioan Voinescu, Jelena Vrublevska, Graham Thornicroft
Just over 25 years have passed since the major sociopolitical changes in central and eastern Europe; our aim was to map and analyse the development of mental health-care practice for people with severe mental illnesses in this region since then. A scoping review was complemented by an expert survey in 24 countries. Mental health-care practice in the region differs greatly across as well as within individual countries. National policies often exist but reforms remain mostly in the realm of aspiration. Services are predominantly based in psychiatric hospitals...
May 8, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494387/a-review-of-sociocultural-factors-that-may-underlie-differences-in-african-american-and-european-american-anxiety
#17
REVIEW
Patricia D Hopkins, Natalie J Shook
Preliminary evidence indicates there may be differences in the prevalence and severity of anxiety in African Americans and European Americans. A number of sociocultural risk and protective factors have been suggested to contribute to these group differences, such as salience of physical illnesses, discrimination, stigma toward mental illness, religiosity, and ethnic identity. In this paper, the literature concerning each of these factors is reviewed. Overall, the strongest evidence was found for ethnic identity and stigma toward mental illness as factors underlying group differences in anxiety...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488890/exploring-experiences-of-and-attitudes-towards-mental-illness-and-disclosure-amongst-health-care-professionals-a-qualitative-study
#18
William Waugh, Claudia Lethem, Simon Sherring, Claire Henderson
BACKGROUND: The literature suggests that many health professionals hold stigmatising attitudes towards those with mental illness and that this impacts on patient care. Little attention has been given to how these attitudes affect colleagues with a mental illness. Current research demonstrates that stigma and discrimination are common in the UK workplace and impact on one's decision to disclose mental illness. AIMS: This study aims to explore health professionals' experiences of and attitudes towards mental illness and disclosure in the workplace...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486819/unmet-need-for-professional-mental-health-care-among-adolescents-with-high-psychological-distress
#19
Rachel Sheppard, Frank P Deane, Joseph Ciarrochi
OBJECTIVES: This study reports the rate of unmet needs for professional mental health care in a large multi-state sample of adolescents. We also sought to describe barriers to professional help, informal help seeking and future help-seeking intentions among adolescents with wholly unmet needs for counselling for mental illness. METHODS: We collected measures of mental health, help-seeking and unmet needs in 1599 students (817 males and 781 females) in 16 schools (mean age = 17...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485998/barriers-to-seeking-early-psychiatric-treatment-amongst-first-episode-psychosis-patients-a-qualitative-study
#20
Abd Alhadi Hasan, Mahmoud Musleh
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the family members' determinant of the delay in seeking psychiatric care to patients diagnosed with psychosis. METHODS: Qualitative semi-structured interviews were carried out with twenty-seven family members of patients with psychosis at psychiatric outpatient clinics in Amman, Jordan. RESULTS: The findings revealed that perceived stigma and fears about being labelled are the main barriers to requesting early psychiatric health care...
May 9, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
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