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Stigma and mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425614/stigmatization-and-self-determination-of-preregistration-nurses-a-path-analysis
#1
Dana Perlman, Renee Brighton, Chris Patterson, Lorna Moxham, Ellie K Taylor, Susan Sumskis, Tim Heffernan
The concept of stigma and the stigmatizing behaviours of health-care professionals can have a profound influence on people with mental illness. A key construct that has been identified as influencing our behaviours is self-determination. As such, in the present study, we attempted to examine the connection and influence of motivational measures on the stigmatization of preregistration nurses. Data were collected once using three surveys that measured the motivational responses and stigmatizing behaviours of preregistration nurses after an approved mental health clinical placement...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424854/the-effectiveness-of-narrative-enhancement-and-cognitive-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-study-of-a-self-stigma-intervention
#2
Lars Hansson, Annika Lexén, Joacim Holmén
PURPOSE: Stigma has been proposed to be one of the most serious obstacles to successful treatment, rehabilitation and inclusion in society of people with severe mental illness. An aspect of stigma which has been increasingly discussed is self-stigma, which refers to the internalization of negative stereotypes among people with severe mental illness. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of a group-based anti self-stigma intervention, narrative enhancement and cognitive therapy (NECT) as an add-on to treatment as usual, with regard to changes in self-stigma, self-esteem, and subjective quality of life...
April 19, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421661/safety-in-psychiatric-inpatient-care-the-impact-of-risk-management-culture-on-mental-health-nursing-practice
#3
Allie Slemon, Emily Jenkins, Vicky Bungay
The discourse of safety has informed the care of individuals with mental illness through institutionalization and into modern psychiatric nursing practices. Confinement arose from safety: out of both societal stigma and fear for public safety, as well as benevolently paternalistic aims to protect individuals from self-harm. In this paper, we argue that within current psychiatric inpatient environments, safety is maintained as the predominant value, and risk management is the cornerstone of nursing care. Practices that accord with this value are legitimized and perpetuated through the safety discourse, despite evidence refuting their efficacy, and patient perspectives demonstrating harm...
April 18, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412895/self-stigma-and-consumer-participation-in-shared-decision-making-in-mental-health-services
#4
Johannes Hamann, Markus Bühner, Nicolas Rüsch
OBJECTIVE: People with mental illness struggle with symptoms and with public stigma. Some accept common prejudices and lose self-esteem, resulting in shame and self-stigma, which may affect their interactions with mental health professionals. This study explored whether self-stigma and shame are associated with consumers' preferences for participation in medical decision making and their behavior in psychiatric consultations. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study conducted in Germany, 329 individuals with a diagnosis of a schizophrenia spectrum disorder or an affective disorder and their psychiatrists provided sociodemographic and illness-related information...
April 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407602/socio-psychological-mediators-of-the-relationship-between-behavioral-health-stigma-and-psychiatric-symptoms
#5
Bronwyn A Hunter, Nathaniel Vincent Mohatt, Dana M Prince, Azure B Thompson, Samantha L Matlin, Jacob Kraemer Tebes
The stigma associated with mental illness or addiction is significantly and positively related to psychiatric symptoms. According to Modified Labeling Theory, several processes should mediate this relationship, including rejection experiences, stigma management (secrecy coping), and social support. In the first comprehensive test of this theory, we examined a serial mediation model on three waves of data from 138 adults receiving outpatient behavioral health treatment. Participants were recruited from outpatient behavioral health clinics in a large northeastern city in the United States and completed interviews that assessed stigma, rejection experiences, stigma management, social support, and psychiatric symptoms...
March 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394157/mental-illness-disclosure-decision-making
#6
Rohini Pahwa, Anthony Fulginiti, John S Brekke, Eric Rice
Disclosure related to mental illness has been linked to various positive outcomes, including better mental health. However, many individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) continue to practice non-disclosure. Even though disclosure inherently occurs within the context of one's social relationships, research has generally conceptualized mental illness disclosure as an individual level phenomenon and neglected to consider preferences concerning to whom an individual discloses and the factors that influence this decision...
April 10, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390399/could-a-short-training-intervention-modify-opinions-about-mental-illness-a-case-study-on-french-health-professionals
#7
Murielle Villani, Viviane Kovess-Masfety
BACKGROUND: In France, negative views on schizophrenia are pervasive, even among health professionals. Prior research suggests that the level of prejudice is lower when the illness is described with the example of a specific individual. This finding highlights the importance of designing local, targeted destigmatization campaigns. The present study aims to evaluate the benefits of a short intervention offering contact with psychiatric services users on reducing the stigma about mentally ill people, among a sample of Health Administrators and Students...
April 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381420/continuum-beliefs-and-stigmatising-beliefs-about-mental-illness-results-from-an-asian-community-survey
#8
Mythily Subramaniam, Edimansyah Abdin, Louisa Picco, Shazana Shahwan, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong
OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence and correlates of continuum beliefs for five mental illnesses in a multiethnic population and to explore its association with stigma. DESIGN: A community-based, cross-sectional study. SETTING: A national study in a multiethnic Asian country. PARTICIPANTS: A comprehensive study of 3006 Singapore residents (Singapore citizens and permanent residents) aged 18-65 years who were living in Singapore at the time of the survey...
April 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380710/the-reduction-of-public-and-internalized-stigma-in-late-life-depression
#9
Symone A McKinnon, Kyaien O Conner, Rosalyn Roker, Chris J Ward, Charlotte Brown
Innovative strategies are needed to reduce the impact of stigma as a barrier to mental health services for older adults living with a mental illness. The purpose of this brief report was to examine the impact of a 3-month peer educator (PE) intervention on stigma reduction in a sample of depressed older adults. PEs are individuals of similar age, and racial and socioeconomic backgrounds who have been previously treated for depression, and are trained to provide support and education to depressed individuals within their community...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371953/-stigma-evaluation-of-a-psychological-therapy-program-for-stigma-management
#10
Manuela Schenner, Daniela Kohlbauer, Ullrich Meise, Christina Haller, Martina Pixner-Huber, Kristina Stürz, Verena Günther
Objective The project "Stigma Management - StigMa" aims on the evaluation of an adaptive therapy program for patients with psychiatric illness to help them in managing internalized stigma and self-stigmatization. Methods The patients for this pilot-study were recruited in day-hospitals of pro mente tirol. 26 patients participated in 11 group sessions, following 6 modules: "Education", "Activation of Resources", "Social Network", "Self-Esteem", "Social competence in public places" and "My personal stigma management"...
April 3, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371951/-the-diagnosis-is-not-me-but-it-is-a-part-of-me-an-in-depth-interview-study-on-perspectives-of-mentally-ill-people
#11
Olivia Peter, Johanna Lang, Katharina Stein, Katharina Wirth, Johannes Jungbauer
Objective This study aimed at investigating how mentally ill people experience and evaluate their diagnosis. Methods 16 in-depth interviews with patients with different mental health diagnosis were carried out. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using content analysis methods. Results The study participants reported rejection and stigma experiences in many areas of their life. On the other hand, they consider the diagnosis as necessary guidance and important starting-point for changes. Dealing with the diagnosis is often described as a long-term process which changes the perception of the illness and the person's own self-concept lastingly...
April 3, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371742/measuring-stigma-in-children-receiving-mental-health-treatment-validation-of-the-paediatric-self-stigmatization-scale-paeds
#12
A Kaushik, E Papachristou, D Dima, S Fewings, E Kostaki, G B Ploubidis, M Kyriakopoulos
BACKGROUND: Research on the impact of stigma associated with mental illness in children is scarce. Considering the known negative effects of stigma associated with mental illness in adults, it is crucial to explore the stigma experienced by children who access mental health treatment. However, no scale measuring self-stigmatization in younger children is available to date. This study aimed to develop and validate such a scale, the Paediatric Self-Stigmatization Scale (PaedS). METHODS: A total of 156 children (119 receiving outpatient and 37 receiving inpatient treatment), aged 8-12 years, completed the PaedS, the Self-Perception Profile for Children and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL - Child Report, ages 8-12)...
February 3, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371455/barriers-and-facilitators-for-psychiatrists-in-managing-mental-health-patients-in-hong-kong-impact-of-chinese-culture-and-health-system
#13
Kai Sing Sun, Tai Pong Lam, Kwok Fai Lam, Tak Lam Lo
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the barriers and facilitators for psychiatrists in managing mental health patients under a Chinese context and a mixed private-public health system. METHODS: Two focus group interviews were conducted to explore the in-depth opinions of psychiatrists in Hong Kong. The themes identified from the focus groups were investigated in a questionnaire survey with data from 83 psychiatrists working in public and private sectors. RESULTS: No insurance coverage of mental health problems, patients' poor compliance of medication, and stigma of seeing psychiatrists were rated as the top barriers in the survey...
March 28, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370974/perceptions-of-oral-health-by-those-living-with-mental-illnesses-in-the-victorian-community-the-consumer-s-perspective
#14
H D Ho, J Satur, R Meldrum
OBJECTIVE: To understand the way people living with mental illness in an Australian community experience and define oral health. STUDY POPULATION: People living with serious mental illness in the Victorian Community. METHODS: Qualitative methodologies were used in this study. Two focus groups and four semi-structured interviews were conducted. The data were transcribed and thematically analysed. RESULTS: Participants generally valued oral health and recognized that attending regular dental appointments played a key role in improving their oral health...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370819/perceived-stigma-and-depression-in-initially-diagnosed-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients
#15
Li-Yun Lee, Heng-Hsin Tung, Shu-Ching Chen, Chiung-Hui Fu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the status of tuberculosis stigma and depression among tuberculosis patients, to examine the relationship between demographics and tuberculosis stigma and depression among tuberculosis patients, and to identify the predictors of depression among tuberculosis patients. BACKGROUND: After the diagnosis of tuberculosis, patients suffer from disease symptoms and disease-related stigma. Depression is also a major concern in tuberculosis patients...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370022/the-public-stigma-of-birth-mothers-of-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders
#16
Patrick W Corrigan, Juana Lorena Lara, Binoy Biren Shah, Kathleen T Mitchell, Diana Simmes, Kenneth L Jones
BACKGROUND: Stigma affects not only the person with a stigmatizing condition such as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), but also their family members. The present study examined whether there are stigmatizing attitudes about biological mothers of children with FASD in a crowdsourced sample. METHODS: Three hundred and eighty-nine participants were asked to rate levels of difference, disdain, and responsibility on four conditions: serious mental illness (SMI), substance use disorder (SUD), jail experience, and FASD...
March 30, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349859/mental-health-experiences-of-older-adults-living-with-hiv-uncertainty-stigma-and-approaches-to-resilience
#17
Charles Furlotte, Karen Schwartz
This study describes the mental health experiences of older adults living with HIV in Ottawa. Eleven participants aged 52 to 67 completed in-depth personal interviews. Mental health concerns pervaded the lives of these older adults. We identified three central themes common to the participants' stories: uncertainty, stigma, and resilience. For some of these participants, uncertainty impacting mental health centred on unexpected survival; interpretation of one's symptoms; and medical uncertainty. Participants' experiences of stigma included discrimination in health care interactions; misinformation; feeling stigmatized due to aspects of their physical appearance; compounded stigma; and anticipated stigma...
March 28, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345310/individual-factors-that-influence-experiences-and-perceptions-of-stigma-and-discrimination-towards-people-with-mental-illness-in-ghana
#18
Sebastian Gyamfi, Kathy Hegadoren, Tanya Park
People with a mental illness often encounter stigma and discrimination from a variety of sources, reinforcing negative self-perceptions and influencing their health and well-being. Even though support systems and attitudes of the general public act as powerful sources of stigma, views and perceptions held by people with mental illness also influence their sensitivity to the experiences they encounter. The aim of the present qualitative study was to examine perceptions of stigma and discrimination and self-stigma in individuals diagnosed with a mental illness...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344690/attitudes-of-canadian-psychiatry-residents-if-mentally-ill-awareness-barriers-to-disclosure-and-help-seeking-preferences
#19
Tariq Hassan, Tanya Tran, Nam Doan, Mir Mazhar, Neeraj Bajaj, Tariq Munshi, Niall Galbraith, Dianne Groll
BACKGROUND: The medical culture is defined by mental illness stigma, non-disclosure, and avoidance of professional treatment. Little research has explored attitudes and help-seeking behaviors of psychiatry trainees if they were to become mentally ill. METHOD: Psychiatry residents (n = 106) from training centres across Ontario, Canada completed a postal survey on their attitudes, barriers to disclosure, and help-seeking preferences in the context of hypothetically becoming mentally ill...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342943/would-i-take-antipsychotics-if-i-had-psychotic-symptoms-examining-determinants-of-the-decision-to-take-antipsychotics
#20
Fabrice Berna, Anja S Göritz, Pierre-Michel Llorca, Pierre Vidailhet, Guillaume Fond, Steffen Moritz
Poor adherence to treatment in schizophrenia is mainly associated to patients-related factors. However, social negative representations of schizophrenia and its treatment may also contribute to patients' decision to take or not to take antipsychotics. A web-based study on 1807 participants was conducted during which participants imagined that they had a particular chronic illness based on clinical vignettes (mental illnesses: schizophrenia, depression; somatic illnesses: multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis)...
March 22, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
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