keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Stigma and mental illness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095844/barriers-and-facilitators-of-help-seeking-among-unemployed-persons-with-mental-health-problems-a-qualitative-study
#1
Tobias Staiger, Tamara Waldmann, Nicolas Rüsch, Silvia Krumm
BACKGROUND: Unemployed people with mental health problems often do not use mental health services and therefore do not benefit from available therapies. As unemployed individuals outside the healthcare system are a hard-to-reach group, barriers to and facilitators of mental health service use are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to identify barriers to and facilitators of help-seeking and service use based on experiences of unemployed people with mental health problems...
January 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095477/the-burden-of-mental-disorders-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2013
#2
Raghid Charara, Mohammad Forouzanfar, Mohsen Naghavi, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Ashkan Afshin, Theo Vos, Farah Daoud, Haidong Wang, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Ibrahim Khalil, Randah R Hamadeh, Ardeshir Khosravi, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Yousef Khader, Nawal Al-Hamad, Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer, Anwar Rafay, Rana Asghar, Saleem M Rana, Amira Shaheen, Niveen M E Abu-Rmeileh, Abdullatif Husseini, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Tawfik Khoja, Zulfa A Al Rayess, Fadia S AlBuhairan, Mohamed Hsairi, Mahmoud A Alomari, Raghib Ali, Gholamreza Roshandel, Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi, Samer Hamidi, Amany H Refaat, Ronny Westerman, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Ali S Akanda, Syed Danish Ali, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Imad A D Faghmous, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Florian Fischer, Jost B Jonas, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Alem Mehari, Saad B Omer, Farshad Pourmalek, Olalekan A Uthman, Ali A Mokdad, Fadi T Maalouf, Foad Abd-Allah, Nadia Akseer, Dinesh Arya, Rohan Borschmann, Alexandra Brazinova, Traolach S Brugha, Ferrán Catalá-López, Louisa Degenhardt, Alize Ferrari, Josep Maria Haro, Masako Horino, John C Hornberger, Hsiang Huang, Christian Kieling, Daniel Kim, Yunjin Kim, Ann Kristin Knudsen, Philip B Mitchell, George Patton, Rajesh Sagar, Maheswar Satpathy, Kim Savuon, Soraya Seedat, Ivy Shiue, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Dan J Stein, Karen M Tabb, Harvey A Whiteford, Paul Yip, Naohiro Yonemoto, Christopher J L Murray, Ali H Mokdad
The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) is witnessing an increase in chronic disorders, including mental illness. With ongoing unrest, this is expected to rise. This is the first study to quantify the burden of mental disorders in the EMR. We used data from the Global Burden of Disease study (GBD) 2013. DALYs (disability-adjusted life years) allow assessment of both premature mortality (years of life lost-YLLs) and nonfatal outcomes (years lived with disability-YLDs). DALYs are computed by adding YLLs and YLDs for each age-sex-country group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090667/children-and-young-people-s-conceptualizations-of-depression-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-meta-synthesis
#3
REVIEW
N Georgakakou-Koutsonikou, J M Williams
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing research interest in conceptualizations of mental illness, examined in association with help-seeking, stigma and treatment preferences. A recent focus on young people's concepts has been identified, with depression being one of the most examined conditions. METHODS: The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesize evidence on children and adolescents' conceptualizations of depression, adopting the model of illness representations...
January 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090587/emotional-clarity-as-a-buffer-in-the-association-between-perceived-mental-illness-stigma-and-suicide-risk
#4
Katie Wang, Nicole H Weiss, John E Pachankis, Bruce G Link
Among people living with psychiatric disorders, mental illness stigma has been identified as a major barrier to recovery by contributing to low self-esteem and interfering with treatment-seeking. The present research examined the association between perceived mental illness stigma and suicide risk severity and considered the role of emotional clarity (i.e., the ability to identify and understand one's emotional experiences), a critical component of emotion regulation, as a moderator of this association. A sample of individuals who had experienced recent psychiatric hospitalizations (N = 184) completed self-report measures of perceived stigma associated with their psychiatric diagnoses, deficits in emotional clarity, and behaviors that have been found to confer risk for suicide...
November 2016: Stigma and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079721/an-exploratory-study-to-assess-individual-and-structural-level-barriers-associated-with-poor-retention-and-re-engagement-in-care-among-persons-living-with-hiv-aids
#5
Jonathan Colasanti, Natalie Stahl, Eugene W Farber, Carlos Del Rio, Wendy S Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Retention in care is the most challenging step along the HIV care continuum. Many patients who engage in care and achieve viral suppression have care interruptions, characterized by moving in and out of care ("churn"). Poor retention has clinical consequences and contributes to new HIV transmissions, but how to predict or prevent it remains elusive. This study sought to understand the relationship between individual- and structural-level barriers, and poor retention for persons living with HIV/AIDS in Atlanta, GA...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066007/stigma-and-its-correlates-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-attending-a-general-hospital-psychiatric-unit
#6
Aakanksha Singh, Surendra K Mattoo, Sandeep Grover
BACKGROUND: Very few studies from India have studied stigma experienced by patients with schizophrenia. AIM OF THE STUDY: To study stigma in patients with schizophrenia (in the form of internalized stigma, perceived stigma and social-participation-restriction stigma) and its relationship with specified demographic and clinical variables (demographic variables, clinical profile, level of psychopathology, knowledge about illness, and insight). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Selected by purposive random sampling, 100 patients with schizophrenia in remission were evaluated on internalized stigma of mental illness scale (ISMIS), explanatory model interview catalog stigma scale, participation scale (P-scale), positive and negative syndrome scale for schizophrenia, global assessment of functioning scale, scale to assess unawareness of mental disorder, and knowledge of mental illness scale...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056582/attitudes-of-health-professionals-towards-the-stigma-surrounding-depression-in-times-of-economic-crisis
#7
Maria Saridi, Aikaterini Kordosi, Aikaterini Toska, Lily Evangelia Peppou, Marina Economou, Kyriakos Souliotis
INTRODUCTION: The stigma of mental illness and the ensuing social exclusion are due to the lack of knowledge on the causality of mental illness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to record the stigmatic attitudes of health professionals towards depression, patients suffering from it and the available therapeutic approaches. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample of the study included 609 health professionals working in the General Hospital of Corinth...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054164/are-different-professionals-ready-to-support-children-of-parents-with-mental-illness-evaluating-the-impact-of-a-pan-european-training-programme
#8
Giovanni Viganò, Marja Kaunonen, Peter Ryan, Wendy Simpson, Ian Dawson, Izabela Tabak, Norbert Scherbaum, Stefano Zanone Poma
A training package (pre-tested in a pilot phase) about supporting children who have parents with a mental illness and/or with substance misuse (COPMI) was developed and delivered to 131 different professionals from six different European Countries. A questionnaire about importance, awareness and competence on the issue (8 items on knowledge and 15 items on skills) was developed and completed by participants before and after the training. The training was evaluated by participants as generally very successful in terms of improving the importance, awareness and competence of their knowledge and skills, with a statistically significant difference in the pre-/post-analyses (no decreases occurred)...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053280/outcome-of-a-knowledge-contact-based-anti-stigma-programme-in-adolescents-and-adults-in-the-chinese-population
#9
E Fung, T L Lo, R Ws Chan, F Cc Woo, C Wl Ma, B Sm Mak
A lack of knowledge about mental health and stigma of the mentally ill are barriers to the treatment of mental disorders. To reduce these barriers, anti-stigma campaigns using a knowledge contact approach were launched to raise public mental health knowledge by education and to reduce stigma by encouraging contact with individuals with mental disorders. The current study attempted to investigate the outcome of a knowledge contact-based programme in adolescents and adults in the Hong Kong Chinese population...
December 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050652/health-outcomes-and-costs-associated-with-the-provision-of-culturally-competent-services-for-underrepresented-ethnic-populations-with-severe-mental-illness
#10
Todd Gilmer, Benjamin Henwood, Nicole McGovern, Samantha Hurst, James Burgdorf, Debbie Innes-Gomberg
Underrepresented racial/ethnic populations (UREPs) face disparities in their use of behavioral health services for multiple reasons including lack of culturally competent services and stigma. This paper employs mixed methods to compare health outcomes and costs among clients in 14 culturally competent behavioral health programs targeting specific UREPs to five programs without a specific racial or ethnic focus. We found that UREP-focused programs were associated with similar improvements in health outcomes, but greater costs relative to the comparison programs...
January 3, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049074/can-video-interventions-be-used-to-effectively-destigmatize-mental-illness-among-young-people-a-systematic-review
#11
M Janoušková, E Tušková, A Weissová, P Trančík, J Pasz, S Evans-Lacko, P Winkler
Video is considered to be an effective, easy to use tool employed in anti-stigma interventions among young people. Mass media has been shown to be effective for reducing stigma; however, there is insufficient evidence to determine the destigmatization effects of videos specifically. This article systematically reviews the effectiveness of video intervention in reducing stigma among young people between 13 and 25 years. We searched 13 electronic databases including randomized controlled trials, cluster randomized controlled trials, and controlled before and after studies...
December 27, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040575/stigma-toward-psychosis-and-its-formulation-process-prejudice-and-discrimination-against-early-stages-of-schizophrenia
#12
Yoko Baba, Takahiro Nemoto, Naohisa Tsujino, Taiju Yamaguchi, Naoyuki Katagiri, Masafumi Mizuno
BACKGROUND: Stigma toward psychosis can prevent social attendance and help-seeking behavior. Early detection and intervention has been shown to improve patient outcome in schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to reveal the characteristics and formulation process of stigma toward each clinical stage of schizophrenia, taking people's backgrounds into consideration. METHODS: The participants consisted of three groups: general public, patients with mental illness, and psychiatric professionals...
November 17, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033471/identifiable-characteristics-and-potentially-malleable-beliefs-predict-stigmatizing-attributions-toward-persons-with-alzheimer-s-disease-dementia-results-of-a-survey-of-the-u-s-general-public
#13
Shana D Stites, Rebecca Johnson, Kristin Harkins, Pamela Sankar, Dawei Xie, Jason Karlawish
The general public's views can influence whether people with Alzheimer's disease (AD) experience stigma. The purpose of this study was to understand what characteristics in the general public are associated with stigmatizing attributions. A random sample of adults from the general population read a vignette about a man with mild Alzheimer's disease dementia and completed a modified Family Stigma in Alzheimer's Disease Scale (FS-ADS). Multivariable ordered logistic regressions were used to examine relationships between personal characteristics and FS-ADS ratings...
December 29, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009250/autism-art-and-accessibility-to-theater
#14
Blythe A Corbett
Art has the ability to entertain and educate about many vital aspects of the human experience. Recently, innovative endeavors are providing greater accessibility to theatrical productions for people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), prompting ethical questions about how accommodations to provide access to art and culture should be made, and for whom. This article uses an attributional model of stigma to explain potential differences in knowledge, attitudes, and behavior toward people with mental illness...
December 1, 2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997875/the-impact-of-social-marketing-campaigns-on-reducing-mental-health-stigma-results-from-the-2009-2014-time-to-change-programme
#15
G Sampogna, I Bakolis, S Evans-Lacko, E Robinson, G Thornicroft, C Henderson
BACKGROUND: In England, during 2009-2014 the 'Time to Change' anti-stigma programme has included a social marketing campaign (SMC) using mass media channels, social media and social contact events but the efficacy of such approach has not been evaluated yet. METHODS: The target population included people aged between mid-twenties/mid-forties, from middle-income groups. Participants were recruited through an online market research panel, before and after each burst of the campaign (with a mean number of unique participants per each burst: 956...
December 16, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989255/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-repeated-filmed-social-contact-on-reducing-mental-illness-related-stigma-in-young-adults
#16
S Koike, S Yamaguchi, Y Ojio, K Ohta, T Shimada, K Watanabe, G Thornicroft, S Ando
AIMS: Public stigma alters attitudes towards people with mental illness, and is a particular concern for young people since most mental health problems occur in adolescence and young adulthood. However, little is known about the long-term effects of repeated filmed social contact (FSC) on reducing mental health-related stigma among young adults in the general population, compared with self-instructional Internet search (INS) and control interventions. METHODS: This study is a parallel-group randomised controlled trial over 12 months conducted in Tokyo, Japan...
December 19, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981413/evaluating-the-impact-of-an-anti-stigma-intervention-on-pharmacy-students-willingness-to-counsel-people-living-with-mental-illness
#17
Benita A Bamgbade, Jamie C Barner, Kentya H Ford
Third-year pharmacy students (n = 88) participated in an anti-stigma intervention program consisting of presentations, videos, discussion and active-learning exercises. Willingness to counsel (WTC) people with mental illness (MI) was evaluated using immediate pre and post-tests comparing diabetes, depression and schizophrenia. At pre-test, WTC diabetes was highest (higher = increased WTC) while schizophrenia was the lowest. There were no statistically significant differences between pre/post-test WTC for diabetes and depression, while schizophrenia WTC increased significantly (p < 0...
December 15, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977256/structural-stigma-research-evidence-and-implications-for-psychological-science
#18
Mark L Hatzenbuehler
Psychological research has provided essential insights into how stigma operates to disadvantage those who are targeted by it. At the same time, stigma research has been criticized for being too focused on the perceptions of stigmatized individuals and on microlevel interactions, rather than attending to structural forms of stigma. This article describes the relatively new field of research on structural stigma, which is defined as societal-level conditions, cultural norms, and institutional policies that constrain the opportunities, resources, and well-being of the stigmatized...
November 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927259/association-between-recognition-and-help-seeking-preferences-and-stigma-towards-people-with-mental-illness
#19
L Picco, E Abdin, S Pang, J A Vaingankar, A Jeyagurunathan, S A Chong, M Subramaniam
AIMS: The ability to recognise a mental illness has important implications as it can aid in timely and appropriate help-seeking, and ultimately improve outcomes for people with mental illness. This study aims to explore the association between recognition and help-seeking preferences and stigmatising attitudes, for alcohol abuse, dementia, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and schizophrenia, using a vignette-based approach. METHODS: This was a population-based, cross-sectional survey conducted among Singapore Residents (n = 3006) aged 18-65 years...
December 8, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920539/comparison-of-self-stigma-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-depressive-disorders-and-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Michaela Holubova, Jan Prasko, Stanislav Matousek, Klara Latalova, Marketa Marackova, Kristyna Vrbova, Aleš Grambal, Milos Slepecky, Marta Zatkova
BACKGROUND: The views of one's self-stigma and quality of life (QoL) in patients with schizophrenia and depressive disorders are significant subjective notions, both being proven to affect patient's functioning in life. The objective of this study was to investigate the QoL and self-stigma in connection with demographic factors and compare the two groups of patients in terms of those variables. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, the outpatients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and depressive disorders completed the Quality of Life Satisfaction and Enjoyment Questionnaire, the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale, and a demographic questionnaire during a routine psychiatric control...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
keyword
keyword
18846
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"