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Stigma and mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042379/stigma-among-singaporean-youth-a-cross-sectional-study-on-adolescent-attitudes-towards-serious-mental-illness-and-social-tolerance-in-a-multiethnic-population
#1
Shirlene Pang, Jianlin Liu, Mithila Mahesh, Boon Yiang Chua, Shazana Shahwan, Siau Pheng Lee, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Edimansyah Abdin, Daniel Shuen Sheng Fung, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
OBJECTIVES: Stigma against mental illnesses is one of the significant obstacles faced by mental health service users and providers. It can develop at a young age and is also influenced by culture. Youths in Southeast Asian countries are under-represented in mental health research, thus this study aims to explore the dimensions of stigma and social tolerance and examine its correlates in the younger, multiethnic population of Singapore. DESIGN: An online survey collected data with sociodemographic questions, the Attitudes Towards Serious Mental Illness (Adolescent version) Scale, Social Tolerance Scale and an open-text question on words or phrases participants associated with the term 'mental illness'...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040516/integrated-mental-health-services-in-china-challenges-and-planning-for-the-future
#2
Di Liang, Vickie M Mays, Wei-Chin Hwang
Eager to build an integrated community-based mental health system, in 2004 China started the '686 Programme', whose purpose was to integrate hospital and community services for patients with serious mental illness. In 2015, the National Mental Health Working Plan (2015-2020) proposed an ambitious strategy for implementing this project. The goal of this review is to assess potential opportunities for and barriers to successful implementation of a community-based mental health system that integrates hospital and community mental health services into the general healthcare system...
October 13, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034811/mental-illness-stigma-among-medical-students-and-teachers
#3
Miroslava Janoušková, Aneta Weissová, Tomáš Formánek, Jiří Pasz, Lucie Bankovská Motlová
BACKGROUND: Medical school curriculum contributes to future doctors' attitude formation towards people with mental illness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare stigmatizing attitudes between medical students and faculty, analyse stigmatizing attitudes among students from different years of study and identify factors predicting stigma. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with the use of scales measuring attitudes and social distance was designed...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034464/stigma-expressed-emotion-and-quality-of-life-in-caregivers-of-individuals-with-dementia
#4
Amy Weisman de Mamani, Marc J Weintraub, Jessica Maura, Ana Martinez de Andino, Caitlin A Brown
Expressed emotion (EE) is a measure of a caregiver's critical and emotionally overinvolved (EOI; e.g., intrusive, self-sacrificing) attitudes and behaviors toward a person with a mental illness. Mounting evidence indicates that high levels of these critical and EOI attitudes and behaviors (collectively termed high EE) in family members are associated with a poorer course of illness for people with a range of disorders, including dementia (Nomura et al., 2005). However, less is known about factors that might trigger high EE and how high EE might impact dementia caregivers' own mental health...
October 15, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028582/internalized-stigma-and-its-impact-in-indian-outpatients-with-bipolar-disorder
#5
Arghya Pal, Pratap Sharan, Rakesh Kumar Chadda
Patients with many psychiatric disorders have considerable internalized stigma. The current study intended to examine the level and impact of internalized stigma in patients with bipolar affective disorder (BPAD). 60 patients with BPAD, 33 patients with schizophrenia and 30 patients with anxiety disorders were compared on Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness scale and The Stigma Scale. The patients with BPAD were assessed using Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Participation scale (PS) and World Health Organization Quality Of Life - Brief Version - Hindi (WHOQOL-bref)...
October 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027619/-even-heroes-get-depressed-sponsorship-and-self-stigma-in-canada-s-mental-illness-awareness-week
#6
Loren Gaudet
In 1992, the Canadian Psychiatric Association launched Canada's first national campaign against mental illness, Mental Illness Awareness Week (MIAW). I stress that pharmaceutical sponsorship of the first five years of MIAW (1992-1997) was integral to shaping the trajectory of the campaign and marks a shift in the way stigma is conceived and resisted in Canada: what was an interpersonal process based on social norms becomes refigured as "self-stigma," or an individualized process in which lack of information, education, and self-assessment contribute to an inability to consider oneself as at-risk for a disease, condition, or disorder...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021821/utilization-of-traditional-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-mental-health-among-patients-with-chronic-diseases-in-primary-health-care-settings-in-cambodia
#7
Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Tyler Fleming, Carinne Brody
BACKGROUND: Coping with chronic illnesses often involves major lifestyle changes that may lead to poor mental health. Furthermore, in order to treat the chronic conditions, many sufferers in Asia turn to traditional, complementary and alternative medicines (TCAM). This study explores prevalence of TCAM use and factors associated with anxiety and depressive symptoms among patients with chronic diseases in Cambodia. METHODS: In 2015, this cross-sectional study was conducted with outpatients receiving treatment and care for chronic diseases in two urban and two rural primary health centers...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020836/are-mental-illnesses-stigmatized-for-the-same-reasons-identifying-the-stigma-related-beliefs-underlying-common-mental-illnesses
#8
Anne C Krendl, Jonathan B Freeman
BACKGROUND: Although mental health stigmatization has myriad pernicious consequences, it remains unknown whether mental disorders are stigmatized for the same reasons. AIMS: This study identified the stigma-related beliefs that were associated with several common mental illnesses (Study 1), and the extent to which those beliefs predicted stigmatization (Study 2). METHODS: In Study 1, we used multidimensional scaling to identify the stigma-related beliefs attributed to nine common mental disorders (e...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019961/the-role-of-the-social-network-in-access-to-psychosocial-services-for-migrant-elderly-a-qualitative-study
#9
Daphne Schoenmakers, Majda Lamkaddem, Jeanine Suurmond
Abstract:Background: Despite high prevalence of mental problems among elderly migrants in The Netherlands, the use of psychosocial care services by this group is low. Scientific evidence points at the crucial role of social support for mental health and the use of psychosocial services. We therefore explored the role of social networks in the access to psychosocial care among elderly migrants in The Netherlands. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured group interviews and individual interviews...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992547/medical-students-attitudes-to-mental-illnesses-and-to-psychiatry-before-and-after-the-psychiatric-clerkship-training-in-a-specialty-and-a-general-hospital
#10
Marina Economou, Kontantinos Kontoangelos, Lily Evangelia Peppou, Aikaterini Arvaniti, Maria Samakouri, Athanasios Douzenis, George N Papadimitriou
Medical students' attitudes to mental illnesses and psychiatry may be reshaped during the psychiatric training, with important implications in their future practice of the profession. Therefore, the present study set out to explore the impact of the psychiatric clerkship in students' attitudes, while taking into consideration the site of their practical training. To this end, a total of 678 final-year medical students were recruited. Students completed a self-reported questionnaire entailing the Attitudes to Psychiatry scale, the Attitudes to Mental Illness scale and the Greek Social Distance scale before and after their placement...
October 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990293/stigma-of-mental-illness-and-substance-misuse-in-sub-saharan-african-migrants-a-qualitative-study
#11
Terence V McCann, Andre Renzaho, Janette Mugavin, Dan I Lubman
Stigma of mental illness and substance misuse can deter help seeking, especially in immigrants who are often reluctant to seek help early for these issues. The aim of the present study was to explore the stigma experience surrounding mental illness and substance misuse, and its implications for improving help seeking, for youths and parents from sub-Saharan African immigrant communities. A qualitative, descriptive design was used. Individual interviews were undertaken with 28 youths, and focus group discussions were held with 41 parents and community leaders in Melbourne, Australia...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985551/the-stigma-resistance-scale-a-multi-sample-validation-of-a-new-instrument-to-assess-mental-illness-stigma-resistance
#12
Ruth L Firmin, Paul H Lysaker, John H McGrew, Kyle S Minor, Lauren Luther, Michelle P Salyers
Although associated with key recovery outcomes, stigma resistance remains under-studied largely due to limitations of existing measures. This study developed and validated a new measure of stigma resistance. Preliminary items, derived from qualitative interviews of people with lived experience, were pilot tested online with people self-reporting a mental illness diagnosis (n = 489). Best performing items were selected, and the refined measure was administered to an independent sample of people with mental illness at two state mental health consumer recovery conferences (n = 202)...
September 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967320/communication-strategies-to-counter-stigma-and-improve-mental-illness-and-substance-use-disorder-policy
#13
Emma McGinty, Bernice Pescosolido, Alene Kennedy-Hendricks, Colleen L Barry
Despite the high burden and poor rates of treatment associated with mental illness and substance use disorders, public support for allocating resources to improving treatment for these disorders is low. A growing body of research suggests that effective policy communication strategies can increase public support for policies benefiting people with these conditions. In October 2015, the Center for Mental Health and Addiction Policy Research at Johns Hopkins University convened an expert forum to identify what is currently known about the effectiveness of such policy communication strategies and produce recommendations for future research...
October 2, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966981/individual-and-neighborhood-predictors-of-mental-illness-stigma-in-new-york-state
#14
Lauren Gonzales, Ginny Chan, Philip T Yanos
While studies indicate that stigmatizing attitudes persist in the general public, individual and neighborhood level factors that are associated with increased likelihood of holding stigmatizing attitudes have been seldom studied. This study examined the demographic and neighborhood correlates of stigmatizing attitudes among community members in New York State. Data were drawn from the Pulse of New York State Survey, a random-digit dial survey of 806 New York State residents. Variables studied included demographic information, the Attitudes Toward Mental Illness scale, and neighborhood disadvantage at the zip code level (using data on community characteristics from the 2000 and 2010 Census)...
August 2017: Stigma and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963298/cross-sector-user-and-provider-perceptions-on-experiences-of-shared-care-clozapine-a-qualitative-study
#15
Camilla Sowerby, Denise Taylor
OBJECTIVES: (1) To explore individual perceptions on experiences of people receiving and/or delivering a shared-care clozapine serviceand (2) to gain an understanding of effectiveness and acceptability of shared-care clozapine. DESIGN: Interpretative phenomenological analysis guided the delivery and analysis of a semistructured interview and focus group study designed to explore participant experience of shared-care clozapine. Ethical approval 13/EM/0286 was gained in July 2013 from East Midlands-Nottingham 1 REC...
September 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953841/the-importance-of-hope-against-other-factors-in-the-recovery-of-mental-illness
#16
Tanvi Acharya, Mark Agius
Hope underpins the recovery process of mental illness, as recovery depends on the notion that a patient desires to get better. This makes hope the route by which it occurs. Here, we assess the importance of hope in recovery by exploring what recovery means; the relevance of hope and other factors in achieving it; and finally, the difficulties surrounding maintaining hope. We attempt to discuss hope in the context of recovery from three different situations; Depression, Anorexia Nervosa, and Schizophrenia, and therefore we consider what recovery means in each of these situations and hence the role of hope in each of them...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953810/-a-labour-of-love-a-king-s-college-london-psychiatry-society-event-to-challenge-the-stigma-attached-to-mental-health-problems-in-post-natal-women
#17
Ahmed Hankir, Phillipa Brothwood, Bethany Crocker, Mao Fong Lim, Isabel Lever, Frederick Carrick, Rashid Zaman, Charlotte Wilson Jones
BACKGROUND: On the 9(th) October 2000, Dr Daksha Emson, a London based psychiatrist with bipolar affective disorder, tragically killed herself and her three-month-old baby daughter during a psychotic episode. An independent inquiry into Dr Emson's death concluded that mental health stigma in the National Health Service was a factor that contributed to her death. Despite the morbidity and mortality attributed to the stigma attached to post-natal mental health problems there are very few programmes that have been developed to challenge it...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953808/a-king-s-college-london-undergraduate-psychiatry-society-event-to-challenge-the-stigma-attached-to-psychological-problems-in-healthcare-professionals-and-students
#18
Ahmed Hankir, Rashid Zaman, Mao Fong Lim, Isabel Lever, Phillipa Brothwood, Frederick R Carrick, Jamie Hacker Hughes, Charlotte Wilson Jones
BACKGROUND: There are higher levels of psychological distress in healthcare professionals and students compared to the general population. Yet, despite the availability of effective treatment, many in this group continue to suffer in silence. Fear of exposure to stigmatization has been identified to be a major barrier to accessing and using mental health services. King's College London Undergraduate Psychiatry Society (KCL PsychSoc) organized an event entitled, 'What does bipolar disorder even mean? Psychological distress: How can we challenge the stigma?'...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953803/overcoming-the-social-stigma-on-mood-disorders-with-dancing
#19
Romina Tavormina, Maurilio Giuseppe Maria Tavormina
In our society, the social stigma against people who suffer from mood disorders is a very powerful factor that negatively affects the healing of patient. He is often isolated from the others for the fear of being judged "fool, crazy or dangerous" or discriminated and emarginated for his mental health problem. For this reason, a cornerstone of mood disorder rehabilitation is the bringing out of the patient from his isolation, the reintegration of the user in the social context with the increase and the improvement in the quality of interpersonal relationships in the family and in the external context...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953783/the-wounded-healer-film-a-london-college-of-communication-event-to-challenge-mental-health-stigma-through-the-power-of-motion-picture
#20
Ahmed Hankir, Rashid Zaman, Benjamin Geers, Gus Rosie, Grainne Breslin, Lilly Barr, Frederick R Carrick, Sal Anderson
BACKGROUND: There is a preponderance of mental health problems in students on a global scale which can have a considerable effect on their academic performance and a profound impact on their quality of life. Many universities offer free counselling services however despite this a recent study in the US revealed that up to 84% of students who screened positive for depression or anxiety did not receive any treatment. There are many obstacles that students with mental health problems encounter that prevents them from receiving care, foremost among these is stigma...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
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