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Stigma and mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219074/economic-cost-and-quality-of-life-of-family-caregivers-of-schizophrenic-patients-attending-psychiatric-hospitals-in-ghana
#1
Yaw Nyarko Opoku-Boateng, Irene A Kretchy, Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey, Duah Dwomoh, Sybil Decker, Samuel Agyei Agyemang, Yesim Tozan, Moses Aikins, Justice Nonvignon
BACKGROUND: Low and middle income countries face many challenges in meeting their populations' mental health care needs. Though family caregiving is crucial to the management of severe mental health disabilities, such as schizophrenia, the economic costs borne by family caregivers often go unnoticed. In this study, we estimated the household economic costs of schizophrenia and quality of life of family caregivers in Ghana. METHODS: We used a cost of illness analysis approach...
December 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208617/stigma-towards-mental-illness-among-medical-and-nursing-students-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Sherilyn Chang, Hui Lin Ong, Esmond Seow, Boon Yiang Chua, Edimansyah Abdin, Ellaisha Samari, Wen Lin Teh, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
OBJECTIVES: To assess stigma towards people with mental illness among Singapore medical and nursing students using the Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC), and to examine the relationship of students' stigmatising attitudes with sociodemographic and education factors. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted in Singapore PARTICIPANTS: The study was conducted among 1002 healthcare (502 medical and 500 nursing) students during April to September 2016...
December 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205343/honest-open-proud-for-adolescents-with-mental-illness-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Nadine Mulfinger, Sabine Müller, Isabel Böge, Vehbi Sakar, Patrick W Corrigan, Sara Evans-Lacko, Luise Nehf, Julia Djamali, Anna Samarelli, Michael Kempter, Christian Ruckes, Gerhard Libal, Nathalie Oexle, Michele Noterdaeme, Nicolas Rüsch
BACKGROUND: Due to public stigma or self-stigma and shame, many adolescents with mental illness (MI) struggle with the decision whether to disclose their MI to others. Both disclosure and nondisclosure are associated with risks and benefits. Honest, Open, Proud (HOP) is a peer-led group program that supports participants with disclosure decisions in order to reduce stigma's impact. Previously, HOP had only been evaluated among adults with MI. METHODS: This two-arm pilot randomized controlled trial included 98 adolescents with MI...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197690/the-first-clinical-practice-experiences-of-psychiatric-nursing-students-a-phenomenological-study
#4
Satı Demir, Feride Ercan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate student nurses clinical experiences during their first clinical contacts with psychiatric patients by using a qualitative phenomenological approach. DESIGN: A phenomenological approach was used. Face-to-face interviews were conducted to collect data focusing on the reality of student nurses' experience. SETTINGS: This study was conducted at a university in the capital city of Turkey. PARTICIPANTS: The participants were undergraduate nursing students...
November 21, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196773/effects-of-contact-based-mental-illness-stigma-reduction-programs-age-gender-and-asian-latino-and-white-american-differences
#5
Eunice C Wong, Rebecca L Collins, Jennifer L Cerully, Jennifer W Yu, Rachana Seelam
PURPOSE: Mental illness stigma disproportionately affects help seeking among youth, men, and ethnic minorities. As part of a comprehensive statewide initiative to reduce mental illness stigma and discrimination in California, a broad set of contact-based educational programs were widely disseminated. This study examined whether the effects of contact-based educational programs varied depending on the age, gender, and race-ethnicity of participants. METHODS: Participants (N = 4122) attended a contact-based educational program that was delivered as part of the statewide initiative to reduce mental illness stigma and discrimination...
December 2, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187164/depression-stigma-and-migration-results-of-a-survey-from-germany
#6
Anna C Makowski, Olaf von dem Knesebeck
BACKGROUND: There are barely any studies focusing on migration in relation to mental illness stigma. We explore present attitudes regarding depression among migrants (either born in Germany or born abroad) and non-migrants in Germany, drawing upon three components of public stigma: stereotypes, emotional reactions and desire for social distance. Furthermore, differences in self-stigma of depression between the two groups are analyzed. METHODS: Analyses are based on a representative telephone survey (N = 2013) in Germany...
November 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185152/mental-health-in-china-stigma-family-obligations-and-the-potential-of-peer-support
#7
Shelly Yu, Sarah D Kowitt, Edwin B Fisher, Gongying Li
Some people with mental illness in China do not receive treatment. We explored how stigma and familial obligation influenced accessibility of social support for patients with depression in China and the potential acceptability of peer support programs. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with five psychiatrists and 16 patients receiving care for depression from a large psychiatric hospital in Jining, Shandong Province of China. Patients with mental illness reported barriers that prevented them from (a) receiving treatment and (b) relying on informal social support from family members, including stigma, somatization, and community norms...
November 28, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183250/internalized-stigma-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-in-rural-china
#8
Mao-Sheng Ran, Tian-Ming Zhang, Irene Yin-Ling Wong, Xin Yang, Chang-Cheng Liu, Bo Liu, Wei Luo, Wei-Hong Kuang, Graham Thornicroft, Cecilia Lai-Wan Chan
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether there are differences in self-stigma among persons with different types of severe mental illness (SMI) in rural communities. AIM: This study was to examine the differences of self-stigma and its correlates in persons with schizophrenia, major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder in a rural community in China. METHODS: A total of 453 persons with schizophrenia, major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder in a rural community participated in the study...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179829/the-impact-of-mental-health-reform-on-mental-illness-stigmas-in-israel
#9
Merav Ben Natan, Tal Drori, Ohad Hochman
This study examined public perception of stigmas relating to mental illness six months after a reform, which integrated mental health care into primary care in Israel. The results reveal that the public feels uncomfortable seeking referral to mental health services through the public health system, with Arab Israelis and men expressing lower levels of comfort than did Jewish Israelis. The current reform has not solved the issue of public stigma regarding mental health care. The study suggests that the current reforms must be accompanied over time with appropriate public education regarding mental illness...
December 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165826/fear-of-stigma-the-lived-experiences-of-iranian-women-after-suicide-attempt
#10
Maryam Azizpour, Ziba Taghizadeh, Nooredin Mohammadi, Abouali Vedadhir
BACKGROUND: Suicide attempt is the most important predictor of completed suicide. The aim of this study was to explore the lived experiences of women after suicide attempts. METHODS: This was an interpretative phenomenological study carried out through in-depth semi-structured interviews with 13 interviews. Data were analyzed using Van Manen method. RESULTS: Women of this study experienced fears of stigma. Their fears were not only related to labels of being "unbelief and mentally illness but also being involved in illicit sexual affairs...
November 22, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162572/protocol-a-cluster-randomised-control-trial-study-exploring-stigmatisation-and-recovery-based-perspectives-regarding-mental-illness-and-substance-use-problems-among-primary-healthcare-providers-across-toronto-ontario
#11
Akwatu Khenti, Robert Mann, Jaime C Sapag, Sireesha J Bobbili, Emily K Lentinello, Mark van der Maas, Branka Agic, Hayley Hamilton, Heather Stuart, Scott Patten, Marcos Sanches, Patrick Corrigan
INTRODUCTION: Primary care settings are often the first and only point of contact for persons with mental health and/or substance use problems. However, staff experience and training in this area are often limited. These factors as well as a multitude of other components such as structural and systemic stigma experienced by staff can lead to clients being stigmatised, leading to poorer outcomes. By developing a comprehensive intervention for primary care staff working at community health centres (CHCs) aimed at reducing stigma towards people with mental health and substance use problems (MHSUP), we sought to test an innovative and contact-based intervention consisting of staff training, raising awareness, a recovery-focused art programme and an analysis of internal policies and procedures...
November 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160843/public-and-healthcare-professionals-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-binge-eating-disorder-a-narrative-review
#12
REVIEW
Deborah Lynn Reas
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent binge eating and marked distress in the absence of inappropriate compensatory behaviors for weight control. BED is prevalent in men and women, is associated with elevated psychosocial and functional impairment, and is associated strongly with obesity and related medical comorbidities. The aim is to provide a brief, state-of-the-art review of the major and recent findings to inform educational and awareness campaigns, stigma reduction interventions, as well as current clinical practice and future research...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156425/perceived-provider-stigma-as-a-predictor-of-mental-health-service-users-internalized-stigma-and-disempowerment
#13
Katie Wang, Bruce G Link, Patrick W Corrigan, Larry Davidson, Elizabeth Flanagan
Despite increasing awareness of stigma from mental health service providers as a barrier to recovery, little research has directly examined how it might influence the service users' self-perceptions and treatment experience. The present study examined the association of service users' perceived provider stigma with their experience of internalized stigma and disempowerment, two psychosocial constructs known to hinder recovery. Mental health service users (N = 350) completed questionnaires assessing perceived stigma from mental health service providers, including perceptions of negative affective reactions towards individual users and desired social distance towards people with mental illnesses across various life domains, internalized stigma, and disempowerment (i...
November 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156297/associations-between-causal-attributions-and-personal-stigmatizing-attitudes-in-untreated-persons-with-current-mental-health-problems
#14
Susanne Stolzenburg, Simone Freitag, Silke Schmidt, Georg Schomerus
Past research has shown that among the general public, certain causal explanations like biomedical causes are associated with stronger desire for social distance from persons with mental illness. Aim of this study was to find out how different causal attributions of persons with untreated mental health problems regarding their own complaints are associated with stigmatizing attitudes, anticipated self-stigma when seeking help and perceived stigma-stress. Altogether, 207 untreated persons with a current depressive syndrome were interviewed...
November 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154611/individual-and-systemic-barriers-to-health-care-perspectives-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-adults
#15
Meghan Romanelli, Kimberly D Hudson
Access to effective services is imperative to address the many health and mental health disparities that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people face. This population, however, remains underserved and often ill-served in health care environments. Furthermore, interactions between system- and individual-level dimensions of access create barriers to service engagement. Within much of the extant literature surrounding health care barriers among LGBT people, the rich narratives and varied experiences of LGBT community members from diverse backgrounds have often been excluded...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148602/nurses-professional-stigma-and-attitudes-towards-postpartum-women-with-severe-mental-illness
#16
Revital Ordan, Ron Shor, Michal Liebergall-Wischnitzer, Lawrence M Noble, Anita Noble
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine professional stigma and attitudes of parenthood towards postpartum women with severe mental illness and the association between postpartum nurses' attitudes and nursing interventions that promote motherhood. BACKGROUND: Stigma and attitudes toward parenthood of women with severe mental illness may influence nurses' clinical practices. DESIGN: Cross sectional, mixed methods. METHODS: The Stigma among Health Professionals towards People with Severe Mental Illness, Attitudes towards Parenthood among People with Severe Mental Illness and Nursing Interventions that Promote Becoming a Mother Questionnaires were used in the study, as well as qualitative analysis...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147725/-stigma-risk-factor-and-consequence-of-suicidal-behavior-implications-for-suicide-prevention
#17
REVIEW
N Oexle, N Rüsch
Mental illness, previous suicidal behavior and loss of a relative by suicide are strong risk factors for suicidality. Both mental illness and suicide are stigmatized, which is a burden for those affected and potentially contributes to suicidality among stigmatized individuals. Many consequences of stigma, e. g. social isolation, low self-esteem and hopelessness, are well-known predictors of suicidality. Interventions to reduce stigmatization might therefore be an important component of successful suicide prevention...
November 16, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143156/social-distance-and-community-attitudes-towards-people-with-psycho-social-disabilities-in-uttarakhand-india
#18
K Mathias, M Kermode, I Goicolea, L Seefeldt, R Shidhaye, M San Sebastian
Stigma is an important contributor to the large treatment gap for people with mental and psycho-social disabilities (PPSD) in India. Social distance as assessed by willingness to engage in relationships with PPSD is a proxy measure of stigma and potential discrimination. In North India, investigations of community attitudes towards PPSD have been limited. To describe attitudes towards people with depression and psychosis, a community sample of 960 adults in Dehradun district, India from 30 randomised clusters, was surveyed using a validated tool to assess social distance, beliefs and attitudes related to mental illness...
November 15, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143153/statewide-mental-health-training-for-probation-officers-improving-knowledge-and-decreasing-stigma
#19
Nikhil Tomar, Marilyn A Ghezzi, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Amy Blank Wilson, Tonya B Van Deinse, Stacey Burgin, Gary S Cuddeback
BACKGROUND: The large and growing number of probationers with mental illnesses pose significant challenges to the probationer officers who supervise them. Stigma towards mental illnesses among probation officers is largely unstudied and the effectiveness of training initiatives designed to educate probation officers about mental illness is unknown. To address these gaps in the literature, we report findings from a statewide mental health training initiative designed to improve probation officers' knowledge of mental illnesses...
November 15, 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137694/construct-validity-and-reliability-of-the-beliefs-toward-mental-illness-scale-for-american-japanese-and-korean-women
#20
Denise M Saint Arnault, Moonhee Gang, Seoyoon Woo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Beliefs Toward Mental Illness Scale (BMI) across women from the United States, Japan, and South Korea. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was employed. The sample was 564 women aged 21-64 years old who were recruited in the United States and Korea (American = 127, Japanese immigrants in the United States = 204, and Korean = 233). We carried out item analysis, construct validity by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and internal consistency using SPSS Version 22 and AMOS Version 22...
November 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
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