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Stigma and mental illness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219879/use-of-online-forums-for-perinatal-mental-illness-stigma-and-disclosure-an-exploratory-model
#1
Donna Moore, Nicholas Drey, Susan Ayers
BACKGROUND: Perinatal mental illness is a global health concern; however, many women with the illness do not get the treatment they need to recover. Interventions that reduce the stigma around perinatal mental illness have the potential to enable women to disclose their symptoms to health care providers and consequently access treatment. There are many online forums for perinatal mental illness and thousands of women use them. Preliminary research suggests that online forums may promote help-seeking behavior, potentially because they have a role in challenging stigma...
February 20, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216766/forensic-psychiatry-in-india-past-present-and-future
#2
REVIEW
S Nambi, Siva Ilango, Lakshmi Prabha
Forensic psychiatry is a subspecialty of psychiatry, in which scientific and clinical expertise is applied to legal issues in legal contexts embracing civil, criminal, correctional, or legislative matters. Forensic psychiatry is still in an infant stage in India and other developing countries. Law is the sanctioning discipline, and Psychiatry is the therapeutic discipline. Due to various reasons, Forensic Psychiatry is reared as Cinderella in our country; "which is much neglected, ignored, misinterpreted, and misunderstood...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198022/self-stigma-by-people-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia-depression-and-anxiety-cross-sectional-survey-design
#3
Abd Al-Hadi Hasan, Mahmoud Musleh
AIM: This study investigated self-attitudes towards schizophrenia, depression and anxiety. METHODS: A survey was conducted with 564 people with a schizophrenia, depression and anxiety who are currently being treated at a psychiatric clinic in Amman, Jordan. RESULTS: The research found that stigma towards schizophrenia, depression and anxiety was based around three factors: preconceived stereotypes, personal responsibility/blame and the perceived inability of a patient to recover...
February 15, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197001/perceived-stigma-of-mental-illness-a-comparison-between-two-metropolitan-cities-in-india
#4
Aron Zieger, Aditya Mungee, Georg Schomerus, Thi Minh Tam Ta, Michael Dettling, Matthias C Angermeyer, Eric Hahn
PURPOSE: An increasing number of comparative studies are conducted on the stigmatization of persons with mental illness, in particular with regard to regional and diachronic variation. So far, there have been no studies comparing stigmatization of persons with mental illness in two different regions of India. Therefore, we examined the differences in perception of stigma attached to mental illnesses in Kolkata and Chennai, with regard to cultural and geographical differences to better understand the roots and origins of this issue...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196549/mental-health-related-stigma-and-pathways-to-care-for-people-at-risk-of-psychotic-disorders-or-experiencing-first-episode-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#5
P C Gronholm, G Thornicroft, K R Laurens, S Evans-Lacko
BACKGROUND: Stigma associated with mental illness can delay or prevent help-seeking and service contact. Stigma-related influences on pathways to care in the early stages of psychotic disorders have not been systematically examined. METHOD: This review systematically assessed findings from qualitative, quantitative and mixed-methods research studies on the relationship between stigma and pathways to care (i.e. processes associated with help-seeking and health service contact) among people experiencing first-episode psychosis or at clinically defined increased risk of developing psychotic disorder...
February 15, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194600/vocational-counselors-in-france-comparison-to-competencies-of-employment-specialists-working-in-canadian-ips-programs
#6
Inès de Pierrefeu, Marc Corbière, Bernard Pachoud
Supported employment programs are evidence-based practices to help people with severe mental illness to obtain competitive employment. The competencies of employment specialists working in these programs are key elements related to work integration. In France, the Messidor Association, a prevocational organisation, has developed a practice with similarities to supported employment and is beginning to develop supported employment programs in their context. The objective of this quantitative study was to evaluate the Messidor vocational counselors' competencies using the Behaviors, Attitudes and Knowledge in Employment Specialists' scale by comparing their results to those of employment specialists working in IPS programs in Canada...
February 14, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192711/urban-and-non-urban-differences-in-community-living-and-participation-among-individuals-with-serious-mental-illnesses
#7
Greg Townley, Eugene Brusilovskiy, Mark S Salzer
Despite a wealth of studies examining the relationship between urbanicity (i.e., living in an urban area) and psychological distress, there is a paucity of research examining the relationship between urbanicity, community living, and community participation of adults with serious mental illnesses. This study addresses this knowledge gap by assessing urban and non-urban differences in community participation, sense of community, mental health stigma, and perceptions of the neighborhood environment among individuals with serious mental illnesses living independently throughout the United States...
January 31, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188389/beliefs-and-prejudices-versus-knowledge-and-awareness-how-to-cope-stigma-against-mental-illness-a-college-staff-e-survey
#8
Chiara Buizza, Alberto Ghilardi, Clarissa Ferrari
The aims of this study were to collect information about attitudes toward mental illness from the staff of Brescia University, and to detect predictors of issues regarding mental disorders and evaluate their relationship with public stigma. The study involved 1079 people and each participant received a letter explaining the purpose of the e-research. Four hundred and eighty-six people completed the questionnaires. The results showed that those who had a higher level of education, a personal life experience with mental disorders and a higher professional role were more likely to develop behaviours of acceptance toward the mentally ill...
February 10, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188369/self-stigma-as-a-barrier-to-recovery-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Nathalie Oexle, Mario Müller, Wolfram Kawohl, Ziyan Xu, Sandra Viering, Christine Wyss, Stefan Vetter, Nicolas Rüsch
Stigma limits life opportunities of persons with mental illness. Self-stigma, the internalization of negative stereotypes, undermines empowerment and could hinder recovery. Here we examined self-stigma's effect on recovery among 222 disability pensioners with mental illness over 2 years, controlling for age, gender, symptoms and recovery at baseline measured by the Recovery Assessment Scale. More self-stigma at baseline was associated with a significant decrease in recovery after 1 year (not significant after 2 years)...
February 10, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183881/encouraging-senior-professionals-to-speak-up-on-mental-health-issues
#10
(no author information available yet)
A campaign to encourage senior health professionals to talk about their own experiences of mental health issues was launched by the RCVS Mind Matters Initiative and the Doctors' Support Network last week. The '&me' campaign aims to help tackle the stigma around mental ill health in the health professions. Georgina Mills reports.
February 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162074/government-promises-mental-health-reforms-to-tackle-injustice-and-stigma
#11
(no author information available yet)
Extra training for schools is one of a package of reforms promised by prime minister Theresa May to tackle 'hidden injustice' and the stigma of mental illness.
February 6, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153928/association-between-mental-health-related-stigma-and-active-help-seeking-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Nina Schnyder, Radoslaw Panczak, Nicola Groth, Frauke Schultze-Lutter
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders create high individual and societal costs and burden, partly because help-seeking is often delayed or completely avoided. Stigma related to mental disorders or mental health services is regarded as a main reason for insufficient help-seeking. AIMS: To estimate the impact of four stigma types (help-seeking attitudes and personal, self and perceived public stigma) on active help-seeking in the general population. METHOD: A systematic review of three electronic databases was followed by random effect meta-analyses according to the stigma types...
February 2, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153705/supporting-patients-with-mental-illness-deconstructing-barriers-to-community-pharmacist-access
#13
Samantha Calogero, Charles F Caley
OBJECTIVES: To discuss the barriers faced by individuals with mental health conditions attempting to access their community pharmacists and to propose solutions toward deconstructing those barriers. SUMMARY: Given the prevalence of mental illness and the frequency at which psychotropic medications are dispensed, community pharmacists have a daily opportunity to engage patients with mental illness and be active participants in community-based mental health care. Yet multiple barriers affect patient access to community pharmacists...
January 30, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145617/improving-exchange-with-consumers-within-mental-health-organizations-recognizing-mental-ill-health-experience-as-a-sneaky-special-degree
#14
Brett Scholz, Julia Bocking, Brenda Happell
Stigmatizing views towards consumers may be held even by those working within mental health organizations. Contemporary mental health policies require organizations to work collaboratively with consumers in producing and delivering services. Using social exchange theory, which emphasises mutual exchange to maximise benefits in partnership, the current study explores the perspectives of those working within organizations that have some level of consumer leadership. Interviews were conducted with 14 participants from a range of mental health organizations...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142389/addressing-mental-health-needs-perspectives-of-african-americans-living-in-the-rural-south
#15
Tiffany F Haynes, Ann M Cheney, J Greer Sullivan, Keneshia Bryant, Geoffrey M Curran, Mary Olson, Naomi Cottoms, Christina Reaves
OBJECTIVE: Rural African Americans are disproportionately affected by social stressors that place them at risk of developing psychiatric disorders. This study aimed to understand mental health, mental health treatment, and barriers to treatment from the perspective of rural African-American residents and other stakeholders in order to devise culturally acceptable treatment approaches. METHODS: Seven focus groups (N=50) were conducted with four stakeholder groups: primary care providers, faith community representatives, college students and administrators, and individuals living with mental illness...
February 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135999/professional-views-of-supporting-relatives-of-mental-health-clients-with-severe-mental-illness
#16
Fredrik Hjärthag, Karin Persson, Karin Ingvarsdotter, Margareta Östman
BACKGROUND: Supporting families where one person suffers from long-term severe mental illness (SMI) is essential, but seems hard to reach. The aim of this study was to examine professionals' views of supporting relatives of persons with SMI. MATERIAL: Individual interviews mirroring personal narratives and group interviews reflecting group-processed answers were conducted among 23 professionals and analyzed thematically. RESULTS: Three themes emerged: (a) information and group interaction reduces stigma and increases well-being, (b) professionals need to feel secure and confident about how the support structure works and (c) collaboration is difficult but required on several levels...
February 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127931/public-attitudes-towards-psychiatry-and-psychiatric-treatment-at-the-beginning-of-the-21st-century-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-population-surveys
#17
Matthias C Angermeyer, Sandra van der Auwera, Mauro G Carta, Georg Schomerus
Public attitudes towards psychiatry are crucial determinants of help-seeking for mental illness. It has been argued that psychiatry as a discipline enjoys low esteem among the public, and a "crisis" of psychiatry has been noted. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of population studies examining public attitudes towards various aspects of psychiatric care. Our search in PubMed, Web of Science, PsychINFO and bibliographies yielded 162 papers based on population surveys conducted since 2000 and published no later than 2015...
February 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125326/attitudes-towards-people-with-depression-and-schizophrenia-among-social-service-workers-in-denmark
#18
Kamilla Bjørkøe Jensen, Per Vendsborg, Carsten Hjorthøj, Merete Nordentoft
BACKGROUND: Mental health-related stigma is a major public health issue, and is an obstacle to the possibility for successful treatment, recovery, and reintegration. AIM: To examine attitudes towards mental illness among employees in the social services. METHODS: The study design was part of a large randomized trial, and data presented in this study are baseline data from this trial. Respondents completed a baseline questionnaire to assess the respondents' attitudes...
January 26, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118821/the-content-of-delusions-in-a-sample-of-south-african-xhosa-people-with-schizophrenia
#19
Megan M Campbell, Goodman Sibeko, Sumaya Mall, Adam Baldinger, Mohamed Nagdee, Ezra Susser, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between cultural beliefs and schizophrenia has received some attention, relatively little work has emerged from African contexts. In this study we draw from a sample of South African Xhosa people with schizophrenia, exploring their cultural beliefs and explanations of illness. The purpose of the article is to examine the relationship between this cultural context and the content of delusions. METHODS: A sample comprising 200 Xhosa people with schizophrenia participating in a South African schizophrenia genomics study were interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I)...
January 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114088/-self-stigma-self-esteem-and-self-efficacy-of-mentally-ill
#20
E Pasmatzi, G Koulierakis, G Giaglis
The way that the social stigma of mental illness is related with the self-stigma, which in turn affects self-esteem and self-efficacy of mental patients was investigated. A sample of 66 patients in the Adult Psychiatric Clinic of the Thessaloniki General Hospital "G. Papanikolaou" was participated in this descriptive association study, with cross-sectional comparisons. The sample comprised of patients who were hospitalized or visited the Clinic as out-patients during the period that the study was undertaken...
October 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
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