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Global Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918425/the-influence-of-health-behaviours-in-childhood-on-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adolescence
#1
Xiuyun Wu, Arto Ohinmaa, Paul J Veugelers
Attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents is a global public health burden. Identification of health-related behavioral risk factors including diet quality and physical and sedentary activities for ADHD is important for prioritizing behavioral intervention strategies to improve mental health. This study aimed to examine the association of diet quality, physical activity, and sedentary behaviours in childhood with ADHD throughout adolescence. We linked data from grade five students aged primarily 10 and 11 years old who participated in a population-based lifestyle survey in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia with their administrative health care data...
December 2, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912763/global-health-partnership-for-student-peer-to-peer-psychiatry-e-learning-lessons-learned
#2
REVIEW
Roxanne C Keynejad
BACKGROUND: Global 'twinning' relationships between healthcare organizations and institutions in low and high-resource settings have created growing opportunities for e-health partnerships which capitalize upon expanding information technology resources worldwide. E-learning approaches to medical education are increasingly popular but remain under-investigated, whilst a new emphasis on global health teaching has coincided with university budget cuts in many high income countries. RESULTS: King's Somaliland Partnership (KSP) is a paired institutional partnership health link, supported by Tropical Health and Education Trust (THET), which works to strengthen the healthcare system and improve access to care through mutual exchange of skills, knowledge and experience between Somaliland and King's Health Partners, UK...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911141/mindfulness-based-intervention-for-perinatal-grief-in-rural-india-improved-mental-health-at-12%C3%A2-months-follow-up
#3
Lisa R Roberts, Susanne B Montgomery
Stillbirth is a significant global health problem that frequently results in perinatal grief with compound negative psychosocial impact. In low-resource settings with exceedingly high stillbirth rates, such as rural Chhattisgarh, India, it is vital to utilize low-cost, effective interventions. Mindfulness-based stress reduction is an evidence-based intervention utilized for a broad range of physical and mental health problems, and is adaptable to specific populations. The objective of this study was to explore the sustained effectiveness of a shortened, culturally adapted mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) designed to address complex grief after stillbirth...
December 2, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911002/what-is-quality-of-life-and-how-do-we-measure-it-relevance-to-parkinson-s-disease-and-movement-disorders
#4
REVIEW
Pablo Martinez-Martin
Health-related quality of life is a patient-reported outcome that complements clinical evaluation and provides information about disease activity and effects of the treatment. The objective of this review is to present the conceptual framework, the measures, and some of their most relevant applications in the field of Parkinson's disease and movement disorders. Health-related quality of life is a subjective, individual, and multidimensional construct, and its main dimensions are physical, mental, and social, besides global perceptions of health and personal domains...
December 2, 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903036/cannabis-use-and-its-associated-disorders-clinical-care
#5
Jan Copeland
BACKGROUND: Globally, cannabis is the most widely used and variably regulated illicit drug. The rates of use appeared to be stable in Australia at the time of the 2013 National Drug Strategy Household Survey, but levels of cannabis use disorder are rising and treatment seeking is increasing internationally. OBJECTIVE: This article describes the prevalence of cannabis use, associated disorders (eg harms with early and frequent use), and information on assessment and management...
December 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900652/mobile-based-mhgap-ig-depression-screening-in-kenya
#6
Christine W Musyimi, Victoria N Mutiso, Zahra R Haji, Erick S Nandoya, David M Ndetei
We aimed to determine the prevalence and determinants of depression using mobile based mental health Global Action Programme Intervention guide (mhGAP-IG) in remote health care settings where most priority mental health problems are managed by non-mental health specialists and evaluate the feasibility of the application. Adult patients were recruited from four rural public health facilities in Kenya using systematic random sampling and screened for depression. There were no missing items since the application prevented saving of data unless all the items were answered...
November 30, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899117/assistive-products-and-the-sustainable-development-goals-sdgs
#7
Emma Tebbutt, Rebecca Brodmann, Johan Borg, Malcolm MacLachlan, Chapal Khasnabis, Robert Horvath
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have placed great emphasis on the need for much greater social inclusion, and on making deliberate efforts to reach marginalized groups. People with disabilities are often marginalized through their lack of access to a range of services and opportunities. Assistive products can help people overcome impairments and barriers enabling them to be active, participating and productive members of society. Assistive products are vital for people with disabilities, frailty and chronic illnesses; and for those with mental health problems, and gradual cognitive and physical decline characteristic of aging populations...
November 29, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899096/estimating-the-mental-health-costs-of-racial-discrimination
#8
Amanuel Elias, Yin Paradies
BACKGROUND: Racial discrimination is a pervasive social problem in several advanced countries such as the U.S., U.K., and Australia. Public health research also indicates a range of associations between exposure to racial discrimination and negative health, particularly, mental health including depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, the direct negative health impact of racial discrimination has not been costed so far although economists have previously estimated indirect non-health related productivity costs...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897465/predicting-young-adults-risk-for-engaging-in-prescription-drug-misuse-in-daily-life-from-individual-partner-and-relationship-factors
#9
Lauren M Papp, Chrystyna D Kouros
BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence based on retrospective and global assessments has established associations between prescription drug misuse and illicit drug use, alcohol abuse, mental health problems, risky sexual behaviors, and overdose deaths. However, there is a notable absence of identified risk and protective factors for an individual's likelihood of engaging in misuse in real-world environments. METHODS: Using an experience sampling approach, we collected repeated moments of young adults' (n = 95 participants drawn from 49 romantic couples) prescription drug misuse instances in daily life, and tested multiple factors associated with the misuse...
November 29, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895004/predictors-of-vascular-cognitive-impairment-poststroke-in-a-middle-eastern-bahrain-cohort-a-proposed-case-control-comparison
#10
Claire Donnellan, Mona Al Banna, Noor Redha, Adel Al Jishi, Isa Al Sharoqi, Safa Taha, Moiz Bakhiet, Fatema Abdulla, Patrick Walsh
BACKGROUND: Poststroke dementia and cognitive impairment are associated with poor long-term outcomes after stroke. The contribution of genetic factors such as the presence of apolipoprotein (ApoE) ɛ4 allele and its association with cognitive impairment poststroke remains inconclusive, particularly in Middle Eastern regions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine all correlates and potential predictors of cognitive impairment including self-awareness and regulation deficits in stroke patients and compare these functions with healthy older adults from a Middle Eastern population...
November 28, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887031/job-mobility-and-health-in-the-danish-workforce
#11
Charlotte Ørsted Hougaard, Else Nygaard, Astrid Ledgaard Holm, Karsten Thielen, Finn Diderichsen
AIMS: The globalized economy has stimulated mobility in the labour market in many countries and Denmark has one of the highest rates of mobility between workplaces among the OECD countries. This raises the question of the potential health effects of mobility and the effect of disease on mobility. METHODS: This study was register-based with a longitudinal design using data on the entire Danish population in 1992-2006. The data included mobility between employers and workplaces and seven different diseases based on admissions to hospital and drug prescriptions...
November 24, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883946/pattern-and-risk-of-developing-alcohol-use-disorders-illegal-substance-use-and-psychiatric-disorders-after-early-onset-of-alcohol-use-results-of-the-thai-national-mental-health-survey-2013
#12
Athip Tanaree, Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Phunnapa Kittirattanapaiboon
INTRODUCTION: Although underage drinking is a global concern, little is known about the relationship between age at first drink and development of various psychiatric comorbidities. METHODS: A secondary data analysis was done among 2928 lifetime drinkers from the Thai National Mental Health Survey 2013. Age at first drink, and onset of related psychiatric outcomes were inquired. Survival analysis using Cox regression was performed to estimate the risk over time for psychiatric problems across age ranges at first drink...
November 10, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881965/fundamental-role-of-methylenetetrahydrofolate-reductase-677-c%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-t-genotype-and-flavin-compounds-in-biochemical-phenotypes-for-schizophrenia-and-schizoaffective-psychosis
#13
Stephanie Fryar-Williams
The Mental Health Biomarker Project (2010-2016) explored variables for psychosis in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Blood samples from 67, highly characterized symptomatic cases and 67 gender and age matched control participants were analyzed for methyl tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C → T gene variants and for vitamin B6, B12 and D, folate, unbound copper, zinc cofactors for enzymes in the methylation cycle, and related catecholamine pathways. Urine samples were analyzed for indole-catecholamines, their metabolites, and oxidative-stress marker, hydroxylpyrolline-2-one (HPL)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876029/home-telemonitoring-for-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Andrea Vianello, Massimo Fusello, Lorenzo Gubian, Claudia Rinaldo, Claudio Dario, Alessandra Concas, Claudio Saccavini, Laura Battistella, Giulia Pellizzon, Giuseppe Zanardi, Silvia Mancin
BACKGROUND: Although a number of studies have suggested that the use of Telemonitoring (TM) in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) can be useful and efficacious, its real utility in detecting Acute Exacerbation (AE) signaling the need for prompt treatment is not entirely clear. The current study aimed to investigate the benefits of a TM system in managing AE in advanced-stage COPD patients to improve their Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) and to reduce utilization of healthcare services...
November 22, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871760/hepatitis-c-treatment-clinical-issues-for-psychiatrists-in-the-post-interferon-era
#15
REVIEW
Yvonne Chasser, Arthur Y Kim, Oliver Freudenreich
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a widespread and costly cause of morbidity and mortality globally and in the United States. The treatment of HCV has been revolutionized with the recent development of direct-acting antiviral medications. These new treatments are substantially better tolerated and more efficacious than previously used interferon-based therapies. Despite these innovations, sustained virologic response has remained low, hovering at approximately 9% of all infected persons...
September 14, 2016: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871263/perceived-needs-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-people-with-schizophrenia-and-metabolic-syndrome-a-real-world-study
#16
Leticia Medeiros-Ferreira, José Blas Navarro-Pastor, Antonio Zúñiga-Lagares, Rosanna Romaní, Elisenda Muray, Jordi E Obiols
BACKGROUND: The complexity of schizophrenia lies in the combination of psychiatric, somatic and social needs requiring care. The aim of the study was to compare perceived needs between groups with absence/presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and to analyze the relationship between needs, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and MetS in people with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. METHODS: A "real-world" cross-sectional study was set up with a comprehensive framework including the following, needs for care (Camberwell Assessment of Need Interview [CAN]), HRQoL (Euro Qol-5D Questionnaire), sociodemographic data, lifestyle habits, psychopathology (Positive And Negative Syndrome Scale [PANSS]), global functioning (Global Assessment of Functioning Scale [GAF]), anthropometric measurements and blood test results were assessed for an outpatient sample (n = 60)...
November 21, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866082/auditory-verbal-hallucinations-and-continuum-models-of-psychosis-a-systematic-review-of-the-healthy-voice-hearer-literature
#17
REVIEW
David Baumeister, Ottilie Sedgwick, Oliver Howes, Emmanuelle Peters
Recent decades have seen a surge of research interest in the phenomenon of healthy individuals who experience auditory verbal hallucinations, yet do not exhibit distress or need for care. The aims of the present systematic review are to provide a comprehensive overview of this research and examine how healthy voice-hearers may best be conceptualised in relation to the diagnostic versus 'quasi-' and 'fully-dimensional' continuum models of psychosis. A systematic literature search was conducted, resulting in a total of 398 article titles and abstracts that were scrutinised for appropriateness to the present objective...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864987/-mental-health-day-sickness-absence-amongst-nurses-and-midwives-workplace-workforce-psychosocial-and-health-characteristics
#18
Scott Lamont, Scott Brunero, Lin Perry, Christine Duffield, David Sibbritt, Robyn Gallagher, Rachel Nicholls
AIM: To examine the workforce, workplace, psychosocial and health characteristics of nurses and midwives in relation to their reported use of sickness absence described as 'mental health days'. BACKGROUND: The occupational stress associated with the nursing profession is increasingly recognised and nurse/midwifery absenteeism is a significant global problem. Taking a 'mental health day' as sickness absence is a common phenomenon in Australian healthcare. No previous studies have empirically explored the characteristics of nurses and midwives using such sickness absence...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864246/preventing-postnatal-maternal-mental-health-problems-using-a-psychoeducational-intervention-the-cost-effectiveness-of-what-were-we-thinking
#19
Jemimah Ride, Paula Lorgelly, Thach Tran, Karen Wynter, Heather Rowe, Jane Fisher
OBJECTIVES: Postnatal maternal mental health problems, including depression and anxiety, entail a significant burden globally, and finding cost-effective preventive solutions is a public policy priority. This paper presents a cost-effectiveness analysis of the intervention, What Were We Thinking (WWWT), for the prevention of postnatal maternal mental health problems. DESIGN: The economic evaluation, including cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analyses, was conducted alongside a cluster-randomised trial...
November 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863147/physical-activity-and-correlates-of-physical-activity-participation-over-three-years-in-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Maura D Iversen, Michelle Frits, Johan von Heideken, Jing Cui, Michael Weinblatt, Nancy A Shadick
OBJECTIVE: To characterize physical activity (PA) participation (meeting ≥150-minutes of moderate intensity or 75-minutes of vigorous (MVPA/week)), examine associations between disease activity and MVPA and identify MVPA correlates in adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) over 3 years. METHODS: This study included 573 RA patients (94% Caucasian, 83% female, mean age 61 years, mean RA duration 19.5 years) with ≥1 annual registry visit and who completed the PA questionnaire...
November 18, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
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