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Global Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649966/a-systematic-review-of-intimate-partner-violence-interventions-state-of-the-field-and-implications-for-practitioners
#1
Nicole Trabold, James McMahon, Shannon Alsobrooks, Staci Whitney, Mona Mittal
Intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization is a global public health issue and has serious consequences of women's health. While scholars and researchers have made some progress in addressing IPV and its impact across different levels of care, there is a paucity of intervention research in this area. For example, we know little about which intervention models work best for particular groups of IPV survivors. Previous reviews have concluded there is insufficient evidence to recommend specific treatment options for victims, but they have also been limited in scope of target populations or have employed narrow eligibility criteria...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644948/peer-support-and-global-mental-health
#2
B Puschner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628365/building-capacity-for-global-mental-health-research-challenges-to-balancing-clinical-and-research-training
#3
Maria A Oquendo, Cristiane Duarte, Lidia Gouveia, Jair J Mari, Marcelo F Mello, Carolyn M Audet, Ilana Pinsky, Sten H Vermund, Ana O Mocumbi, Milton L Wainberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621284/illness-management-and-recovery-clinical-outcomes-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-in-community-mental-health-centers
#4
Helle Stentoft Dalum, Anna Kristine Waldemar, Lisa Korsbek, Carsten Hjorthøj, John Hagel Mikkelsen, Karin Thomsen, Kristen Kistrup, Mette Olander, Jane Lindschou, Merete Nordentoft, Lene Falgaard Eplov
OBJECTIVE: Illness Management and Recovery (IMR) is a psychosocial intervention with a recovery-oriented approach. The program has been evaluated in different settings; however evidence for the effects of IMR is still deficient. The aim of this trial was to investigate the benefits and harms of the IMR program compared with treatment as usual in Danish patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. METHOD: The trial was designed as a randomized, assessor-blinded, multi-center, clinical trial investigating the IMR program compared with usual treatment...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618384/self-reported-domain-specific-and-accelerometer-based-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-relation-to-psychological-distress-among-an-urban-asian-population
#5
A H Y Chu, R M van Dam, S J H Biddle, C S Tan, D Koh, F Müller-Riemenschneider
BACKGROUND: The interpretation of previous studies on the association of physical activity and sedentary behaviour with psychological health is limited by the use of mostly self-reported physical activity and sedentary behaviour, and a focus on Western populations. We aimed to explore the association of self-reported and devise-based measures of physical activity and sedentary behaviour domains on psychological distress in an urban multi-ethnic Asian population. METHODS: From a population-based cross-sectional study of adults aged 18-79 years, data were used from an overall sample (n = 2653) with complete self-reported total physical activity/sedentary behaviour and domain-specific physical activity data, and a subsample (n = 703) with self-reported domain-specific sedentary behaviour and accelerometry data...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615090/adolescent-mental-health-education-inscied-out-a-case-study-of-an-alternative-middle-school-population
#6
Joanna Yang, Roberto Lopez Cervera, Susannah J Tye, Stephen C Ekker, Chris Pierret
BACKGROUND: Mental illness contributes substantially to global disease burden, particularly when illness onset occurs during youth and help-seeking is delayed and/or limited. Yet, few mental health promotion interventions target youth, particularly those with or at high risk of developing mental illness ("at-risk" youth). Community-based translational research has the capacity to identify and intervene upon barriers to positive health outcomes. This is especially important for integrated care in at-risk youth populations...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609936/rationale-for-routine-collection-of-patient-reported-outcomes-during-integrative-medicine-consultation-visits
#7
J A Dusek, M JaKa, S Wallerius, S Fairchild, D Victorson, R L Rivard, A Betzner
OBJECTIVES: Integrative medicine (IM) is whole-person care utilizing complementary health approaches to address numerous physical or emotional influences that can impact an individual's health. Patient-reported outcomes (PRO) are subjective measures that quantify patients' perception of their quality of life. While PRO measures have been routinely assessed in specific oncology clinics, our objective was to assess the ability and utility of routine collection of PRO measures in an IM clinic...
April 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607096/impact-of-ebola-experiences-and-risk-perceptions-on-mental-health-in-sierra-leone-july-2015
#8
Mohamed F Jalloh, Wenshu Li, Rebecca E Bunnell, Kathleen A Ethier, Ann O'Leary, Kathy M Hageman, Paul Sengeh, Mohammad B Jalloh, Oliver Morgan, Sara Hersey, Barbara J Marston, Foday Dafae, John T Redd
Background: The mental health impact of the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic has been described among survivors, family members and healthcare workers, but little is known about its impact on the general population of affected countries. We assessed symptoms of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the general population in Sierra Leone after over a year of outbreak response. Methods: We administered a cross-sectional survey in July 2015 to a national sample of 3564 consenting participants selected through multistaged cluster sampling...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605819/effect-of-personalised-citizen-assistance-for-social-participation-apic-on-older-adults-health-and-social-participation-study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-rct
#9
Mélanie Levasseur, Marie-France Dubois, Johanne Filliatrault, Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Joanie Lacasse-Bédard, André Tourigny, Marie-Josée Levert, Catherine Gabaude, Hélène Lefebvre, Valérie Berger, Chantal Eymard
INTRODUCTION: The challenges of global ageing and the growing burden of chronic diseases require innovative interventions acting on health determinants like social participation. Many older adults do not have equitable opportunities to achieve full social participation, and interventions might underempower their personal and environmental resources and only reach a minority. To optimise current practices, the Accompagnement-citoyen Personnalisé d'Intégration Communautaire (APIC), an intervention demonstrated as being feasible and having positive impacts, needs further evaluation...
March 31, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604123/well-being-and-posttraumatic-growth-among-syrian-refugees-in-jordan
#10
Niveen Rizkalla, Steven P Segal
The Syrian War has created a mass exodus of Syrian citizens to neighboring countries and exposed them to many atrocities. We explored factors affecting well-being and posttraumatic growth (PTG) of refugees residing in Jordan. Participants (N = 250) were surveyed via nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). Outcome criteria included a global well-being rating and the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory. Trauma exposure assessment included The Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) and The War Events Questionnaire. Ordinary least squares regression examined associations between potential contributors to refugee well-being and PTG, including work, age, sex, income, education, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity, physical pain, health, NGO assistance, psychotic/affective mental disorder, and length of residence in Jordan...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603887/screening-and-management-of-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorders-in-hiv-treatment-settings-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-within-the-global-iedea-consortium
#11
Angela M Parcesepe, Catrina Mugglin, Fred Nalugoda, Charlotte Bernard, Evy Yunihastuti, Keri Althoff, Antoine Jaquet, Andreas D Haas, Stephany N Duda, C William Wester, Denis Nash
INTRODUCTION: Integration of services to screen and manage mental health and substance use disorders (MSDs) into HIV care settings has been identified as a promising strategy to improve mental health and HIV treatment outcomes among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Data on the extent to which HIV treatment sites in LMICs screen and manage MSDs are limited. The objective of this study was to assess practices for screening and treatment of MSDs at HIV clinics in LMICs participating in the International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) consortium...
March 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600744/icelandic-inclusion-german-hesitation-and-american-fear-a-cross-cultural-comparison-of-mental-health-stigma-and-the-media
#12
Bianca Manago, Bernice A Pescosolido, Sigrun Olafsdottir
AIMS: Quantitative survey research findings reveal that Western countries have lower rates of public stigma surrounding mental illness than other nations. However, qualitative media research across selected Western countries reports differences in stigmatising messages. Here, we take an in-depth look at country-level data exploring both similarities and differences in this stigma across three countries. Specifically, we use previous findings on global differences in public stigma and media to examine whether there is a correspondence between themes in newspaper reporting and variations in attitudes across seven stigma dimensions...
March 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599658/sensory-disruption-in-modern-living-and-the-emergence-of-sensory-inequities
#13
REVIEW
Kara C Hoover
Modern lifestyles are disrupting the human senses-primarily sight, sound, and smell. Noise-induced hearing loss has been noted for centuries and increasing over time following the industrial era. From the mid-20th century, the numbers of individuals with myopia (the leading visual impairment) have been increasing globally. Historical evidence for olfactory dysfunction is not known but its etiological links to pollution suggest it increased following industrialization. Clinical interventions for sight and sound loss include preventative and corrective measures but none exist for olfactory dysfunction...
March 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599549/urban-mind-using-smartphone-technologies-to-investigate-the-impact-of-nature-on-mental-well-being-in-real-time
#14
Ioannis Bakolis, Ryan Hammoud, Michael Smythe, Johanna Gibbons, Neil Davidson, Stefania Tognin, Andrea Mechelli
Existing evidence on the beneficial effects of nature on mental health comes from studies using cross-sectional designs. We developed a smartphone-based tool (Urban Mind; www.urbanmind.info ) to examine how exposure to natural features within the built environment affects mental well-being in real time. The tool was used to monitor 108 individuals who completed 3013 assessments over a 1-week period. Significant immediate and lagged associations with mental well-being were found for several natural features...
February 1, 2018: Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593584/utilization-of-mental-health-care-treatment-patterns-and-course-of-psychosocial-functioning-in-northern-german-coronary-artery-disease-patients-with-depressive-and-or-anxiety-disorders
#15
Anna Lisa Westermair, Anja Schaich, Bastian Willenborg, Christina Willenborg, Stefan Nitsche, Heribert Schunkert, Jeanette Erdmann, Ulrich Schweiger
Background: Comorbid mental disorders in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are common and associated with adverse somatic outcomes. However, data on utilization rates of mental health care and treatment efficiency are scarce and inconsistent, which we tried to remedy with the present preliminary study on Northern German CAD patients. Method: A total of 514 German CAD patients, as diagnosed by cardiac catheterization, were assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589988/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-morbid-obesity-at-a-veterans-affairs-medical-center
#16
Matthew Skancke, Clint Schoolfield, Robert Grossman, Jennifer C Kerns, Nicole Abel, Fredrick Brody
BACKGROUND: Class III obesity is a global health emergency associated with an increase in the incidence of many other diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, cancer, obstructive sleep apnea, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, osteoarthritis, infertility, and mental health disorders. Minimal work has been published regarding the efficacy of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) in the veteran population to surgically manage morbid obesity. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of LSG performed at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) between 2010 and 2017...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588944/defeating-epilepsy-a-global-public-health-commitment
#17
Shekhar Saxena, Shichuo Li
This article points out that defeating epilepsy is a global public health commitment and a new challenge. This is because: epilepsy causes a heavy burden and very high treatment gap; in the field of life sciences and medicine, the 21st century would be the "Century of Brain Science"; a number of national brain research initiatives provide a great opportunity to reveal the secret of epilepsy; the Global Campaign against Epilepsy and the Mental Health Gap Action Programme made great contributions in the epilepsy control work worldwide; the historical WHA68...
June 2017: Epilepsia Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588611/the-utility-of-pharmacogenetic-testing-to-support-the-treatment-of-bipolar-disorder
#18
Marta Ielmini, Nicola Poloni, Ivano Caselli, Jordi Espadaler, Miquel Tuson, Alessandro Grecchi, Camilla Callegari
Background: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a frequent cause of disability, health care costs, and risk of suicide. Pharmacogenetic tests (PGTs) could help clinicians to identify those patients predisposed to the occurrence of adverse events (AEs) improving the understanding of the correlation between genetic variants and drug response. Materials and methods: The study evaluated 30 patients affected by BD type I or II (according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, version 5 ) who underwent the PGT Neurofarmagen® (AB-BIOTICS SA, Barcelona, Spain) between March 2016 and March 2017...
2018: Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588133/the-association-of-comorbid-depression-with-mortality-and-amputation-in-veterans-with-peripheral-artery-disease
#19
Shipra Arya, Sujin Lee, Greg J Zahner, Beth E Cohen, Jade Hiramoto, Owen M Wolkowitz, Anjali Khakharia, Zachary O Binney, S Marlene Grenon
OBJECTIVE: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is an increasing health concern with rising incidence globally. Previous studies have shown an association between PAD incidence and depression. The objective of the study was to determine the association of comorbid depression with PAD outcomes (amputation and all-cause mortality rates) in veterans. METHODS: An observational retrospective cohort of 155,647 patients with incident PAD (2003-2014) from nationwide U.S. Veterans Health Administration hospitals was conducted using the national Veterans Affairs Corporate Data Warehouse...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588050/sustained-effects-of-collaborative-school-home-intervention-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-impairment
#20
Linda J Pfiffner, Mary E Rooney, Yuanyuan Jiang, Lauren M Haack, Allyson Beaulieu, Keith McBurnett
OBJECTIVES: The Collaborative Life Skills (CLS) program is a school-home intervention for students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and impairment. CLS integrates school, parent, and student treatments followed by booster sessions during a maintenance period into the subsequent school year. The program is delivered by school-based mental health providers. Beneficial post-treatment effects have been documented. This study evaluated the effects of CLS after the maintenance period in the subsequent school year...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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