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Global Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816544/animal-inflammation-based-models-of-depression-and-their-application-to-drug-discovery
#1
Li Ma, Konstantin A Demin, Tatyana O Kolesnikova, Sergey L Kharsko, Xiaokang Zhu, Xiaodong Yuan, Cai Song, Darya A Meshalkina, Brian E Leonard, Li Tian, Allan V Kalueff
Depression, anxiety and other affective disorders are globally widespread and severely debilitating human brain diseases. Despite their high prevalence and mental health impact, affective pathogenesis is poorly understood, and often remains recurrent and resistant to treatment. The lack of efficient antidepressants and presently limited conceptual innovation necessitate novel approaches and new drug targets in the field of antidepressant therapy. Areas covered: Herein, the authors discuss the emerging role of neuro-immune interactions in affective pathogenesis, which can become useful targets for CNS drug discovery, including modulating neuroinflammatory pathways to alleviate affective pathogenesis...
August 17, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816525/global-side-effects-counter-clinics-in-mental-health-care
#2
Elizabeth Anne Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812792/a-case-for-open-network-health-systems-systems-as-networks-in-public-mental-health
#3
Michael Grant Rhodes, Marten W de Vries
Increases in incidents involving so-called confused persons have brought attention to the potential costs of recent changes to public mental health (PMH) services in the Netherlands. Decentralized under the (Community) Participation Act (2014), local governments must find resources to compensate for reduced central funding to such services or "innovate." But innovation, even when pressure for change is intense, is difficult. This perspective paper describes experience during and after an investigation into a particularly violent incident and murder...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809613/enrolling-hiv-positive-adolescents-in-mental-health-research-a-case-study-reflecting-on-legal-and-ethical-complexities
#4
Nataly Woollett, John Peter, Lucie Cluver, Heena Brahmbhatt
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with HIV are an emerging group in the global HIV/AIDS epidemic. Mental health in this population affects HIV care, treatment, consequential morbidity and secondary transmission. There is a paucity of research regarding these youth in South Africa (SA), partly because section 71 of the National Health Act of 2003 (NHA) requires parental or guardian's consent. OBJECTIVE: To explore legal and ethical issues related to conducting adolescent mental health research in SA...
July 28, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806206/chronic-pain-and-associated-factors-in-india-and-nepal-a-pilot-study-of-the-vanderbilt-global-pain-survey
#5
Jenna L Walters, Kelly Baxter, Hannah Chapman, Tracy Jackson, Adinarayanan Sethuramachandran, Marcus Couldridge, Hem Raj Joshi, Pankaj Kundra, Xulei Liu, Divya Nair, Bonnie Sullivan, Matthew S Shotwell, Ryan J Jense, Nicholas J Kassebaum, K A Kelly McQueen
BACKGROUND: Evaluation and treatment of chronic pain worldwide are limited by the lack of standardized assessment tools incorporating consistent definitions of pain chronicity and specific queries of known social and psychological risk factors for chronic pain. The Vanderbilt Global Pain Survey (VGPS) was developed as a tool to address these concerns, specifically in the low- and middle-income countries where global burden is highest. METHODS: The VGPS was developed using standardized and cross-culturally validated metrics, including the Brief Pain Inventory and World Health Organization Disability Assessment Scale, as well as the Pain Catastrophizing Scale, the Fibromyalgia Survey Questionnaire along with queries about pain attitudes to assess the prevalence of chronic pain and disability along with its psychosocial and emotional associations...
August 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805421/collaborating-with-community-based-services-to-promote-evidence-based-practice-process-description-of-a-national-initiative-to-improve-services-for-youth-with-mental-health-and-substance-use-problems
#6
Joanna L Henderson, Gloria Chaim, E B Brownlie
Many youth with significant mental health (MH) and/or substance use (SU) difficulties do not receive specialized services. Collaboration between service providers, researchers, and other stakeholders is essential to improve youth service system capacity to provide evidence-based services to meet the complex array of needs of youth. Facilitators and barriers of implementing evidence-based practice have been identified, but few studies provide examples of the processes of collaboration and implementation for youth MH services...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805124/migration-violence-and-the-role-of-psychiatry-in-italy
#7
Antonio Ventriglio, Antonello Bellomo, Giovanna Vitrani, Eleonora Stella, Alessandro Gentile, Dinesh Bhugra
Immigration to Italy has been increasing exponentially in the last decades due to the international political changes and conflicts in the Middle East. The relationship between immigration and crimes is a debated issue, and violent radicalization of second or third generations of migrants is under increased scrutiny. Consequently, many politicians and political parties use nationalist and xenophobic language. Inevitably, this will have an impact on reactions of the larger population, as well as that of migrants...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800811/violence-in-the-emergency-department-a-global-problem
#8
REVIEW
Allison Tadros, Christopher Kiefer
Violence against health care workers is an unfortunately common event. Because of several inherent factors, emergency departments are particularly vulnerable. Once an incident occurs, it often goes unreported and leads to both physical and mental trauma. Health care workers should learn to recognize the cues that patients are escalating toward violence and be familiar with various options for sedating agitated patients. If sedation is not successful, physical restraint may become necessary. There are measures that can be taken that may help minimize the likelihood of violence toward health care workers...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798010/mobile-phone-detection-of-semantic-location-and-its-relationship-to-depression-and-anxiety
#9
Sohrab Saeb, Emily G Lattie, Konrad P Kording, David C Mohr
BACKGROUND: Is someone at home, at their friend's place, at a restaurant, or enjoying the outdoors? Knowing the semantic location of an individual matters for delivering medical interventions, recommendations, and other context-aware services. This knowledge is particularly useful in mental health care for monitoring relevant behavioral indicators to improve treatment delivery. Local search-and-discovery services such as Foursquare can be used to detect semantic locations based on the global positioning system (GPS) coordinates, but GPS alone is often inaccurate...
August 10, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794381/clinical-characteristics-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-achieving-functional-remission-after-six-months-of-non-tumor-necrosis-factor-biological-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-dmards-treatment
#10
Yusuke Miwa, Mayu Saito, Hidekazu Furuya, Ryo Yanai, Yuzo Ikari, Tomoki Hayashi, Tsuyoshi Kasama, Yoichi Toyoshima, Katsunori Inagaki
Objectives We aimed to identify the factors that predict the likelihood of remission based on a health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who received non-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) biologics for six months before they commenced definitive treatment. Methods The subjects consisted of 97 RA patients treated with tocilizumab or abatacept for 6 months. The following characteristics were investigated: age, gender, body mass index, steroid and methotrexate dosage, serum matrix metalloproteinase-3 levels, simplified disease activity index (SDAI) score, HAQ score (for assessing the activities of daily living [ADL]) and the short form (SF)-36 score (for assessing the quality of life [QOL])...
August 10, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793240/cultural-values-and-the-prevalence-of-mental-disorders-in-25-countries-a-secondary-data-analysis
#11
Eva Heim, Iris Wegmann, Andreas Maercker
RATIONALE: The prevalence of common mental disorders (CMDs, i.e., depression and anxiety) worldwide is substantial, and prevalence rates are higher in high-income than in low- and middle-income countries. This difference might reflect both underlying prevalence rates as well as the measurement model used in cross-national epidemiological studies. Schwartz' cultural values provide a meaningful taxonomy to describe 'culture' and to examine how culture affects both the aetiology and phenomenology of CMDs...
July 29, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792570/-the-global-model-of-public-mental-health-and-recovery-mentors
#12
Jean-François Pelletier, Émilie Auclair
Objectives The aim of this paper is to revisit the Global Model of Public Mental Health (GMPMH) in light of the 4th Civic Forum. Recovery mentors of the University of Recovery chaired this public event, which was held in East-end Montreal, Canada, in 2016. The University of Recovery is a concept of co-learning among its members.Methods Being able to refer to international conventions and human rights standards is a key component of a genuine global approach that is supportive of individuals and communities in their quest for recovery and full citizenship...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792569/-evaluation-of-a-citizenship-oriented-intervention-the-citizens-project-of-the-university-of-recovery
#13
Jean-François Pelletier, Denis Pouliot-Morneau, Janie Houle, Julie Bordeleau, Sébastien Laroche, Michael Rowe
Objectives The Global Model of Public Mental Health is "global" not only in the sense of having an international perspective, but in regarding service users as actors at all levels of public mental health exerting collective and organized influence on the social determinants of health, in addition to being recipients of care. Having access to appropriate health and mental health care when needed is a fundamental human right. Having a say over the manner in which care is provided, including partnership in decision making in care planning and ongoing care, has gained increasing support among recipients and providers of care...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792565/-mental-health-concepts-measures-determinants
#14
Isabelle Doré, Jean Caron
Objectives This article aims to situate the concept of mental health in a historical perspective. This article presents the most commonly used measurement tools in Canada and elsewhere in the world to assess specific and multiple dimensions of mental health; when available, psychometric properties are discussed. Finally, research findings on quality of life and mental health determinants are presented.Methods A literature review of concepts, measurement and determinants of mental health is presented in this paper...
2017: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780475/the-postpartum-partner-support-scale-development-psychometric-assessment-and-predictive-validity-in-a-canadian-prospective-cohort
#15
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Hilary K Brown, Sarah Brennenstuhl
BACKGROUND: postpartum depression is a significant public health issue with well-documented negative consequences. A strong risk factor that has been consistently identified in international samples is a poor partner relationship. However, no instrument exists to measure postpartum-specific partner support. OBJECTIVES: the objective of this methodological study was to develop and psychometrically test an instrument to assess the perception of postpartum partner support to guide interventions...
July 29, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776253/adolescent-health-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#16
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: The 22 countries of the East Mediterranean Region (EMR) have large populations of adolescents aged 10-24 years. These adolescents are central to assuring the health, development, and peace of this region. We described their health needs. METHODS: Using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we report the leading causes of mortality and morbidity for adolescents in the EMR from 1990 to 2015. We also report the prevalence of key health risk behaviors and determinants...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776247/the-burden-of-mental-disorders-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-2015-study
#17
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: Mental disorders are among the leading causes of nonfatal burden of disease globally. METHODS: We used the global burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors study 2015 to examine the burden of mental disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR). We defined mental disorders according to criteria proposed in the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders IV and the 10th International Classification of Diseases. RESULTS: Mental disorders contributed to 4...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774561/personalized-vaccinology-a-review
#18
G A Poland, I G Ovsyannikova, R B Kennedy
At the current time, the field of vaccinology remains empirical in many respects. Vaccine development, vaccine immunogenicity, and vaccine efficacy have, for the most part, historically been driven by an empiric "isolate-inactivate-inject" paradigm. In turn, a population-level public health paradigm of "the same dose for everyone for every disease" model has been the normative thinking in regard to prevention of vaccine-preventable infectious diseases. In addition, up until recently, no vaccines had been designed specifically to overcome the immunosenescence of aging, consistent with a post-WWII mentality of developing vaccines and vaccine programs for children...
July 31, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774193/declining-clinical-course-of-psychotic-disorders-over-the-two-decades-following-first-hospitalization-evidence-from-the-suffolk-county-mental-health-project
#19
Roman Kotov, Laura Fochtmann, Kaiqiao Li, Marsha Tanenberg-Karant, Eduardo A Constantino, Joan Rubinstein, Greg Perlman, Eva Velthorst, Anne-Kathrin J Fett, Gabrielle Carlson, Evelyn J Bromet
OBJECTIVE: Kraepelin considered declining course a hallmark of schizophrenia, but others have suggested that outcomes usually stabilize or improve after treatment initiation. The authors investigated this question in an epidemiologically defined cohort with psychotic disorders followed for 20 years after first hospitalization. METHOD: The Suffolk County Mental Health Project recruited first-admission patients with psychosis from all inpatient units of Suffolk County, New York (response rate, 72%)...
August 4, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771952/prevalence-and-determinants-of-frailty-and-associated-comorbidities-among-older-gurkha-welfare-pensioners-in-nepal
#20
Sirjana Devkota, Bruce Anderson, Roy L Soiza, Phyo K Myint
AIM: Population aging is increasing in low-income countries. Despite this, there is distinct lack of knowledge about the prevalence of comorbidities and determinants of frailty among older people in these countries. METHODS: We examined data from "Health and Social Care Needs Assessment Survey of the Gurkha Welfare Pensioners" carried out in 2014. Participants were aged ≥60 years from the Gorakha, Lamjung and Tanahu districts of Nepal. Face-to-face interviews were carried out using validated questionnaires...
August 2, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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