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Global Mental Health

Tom E Nightingale, Peter C Rouse, Jean-Philippe Walhin, Dylan Thompson, James L J Bilzon
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of a home-based exercise intervention on indices of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: This was a randomized controlled trial (HOMEX-SCI; ISRCTN57096451). After baseline laboratory testing and a week of free-living physical activity monitoring, eligible participants were randomly assigned (2:1 allocation ratio) to a home-based moderate-intensity upper-body exercise intervention (INT, n = 13), or a lifestyle maintenance control group (CON, n = 8), for 6 weeks...
June 11, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Tomasz Zaprutko, Robert Göder, Krzysztof Kus, Wiktor Pałys, Filip Rybakowski, Elżbieta Nowakowska
Depression is a global health problem associated with a significant public health burden and costs. Although studies on costs of diseases are being considered as an increasingly important factor for health policies, information concerning costs of inpatient care of depression is still insufficient. Thus, the main aim of this study was to evaluate costs of hospitalization of patients treated in 2016 in psychiatric clinics in Poznan (Poland) and in Kiel (Germany) and to analyze treatment used in these centers...
2018: PloS One
James L Griffith, Jessica Keane
This article comments on the article in the current issue by J. E. Patterson et al (see record 2018-27937-001) regarding families' role in global mental health. In the world's low- and middle-income countries, a person's identity is often located more within the family, clan, or tribe than the individual. The authors add to the discussion and call for family-centered stepped delivery of health care. The family should move to the forefront of global mental health clinical research, mental health policy, and human rights advocacy...
June 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
Jo Ellen Patterson, Todd M Edwards
In general, readers of Families, Systems, and Health (FSH) practice in high income countries and in settings that have adequate resources. Providers can usually count on being able to offer the material resources and skills that patients need to heal. This bounty of resources is in contrast to many clinics in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The need for mental health services in LMICs is significant and growing because of upheaval caused by war and other disasters. The topics in this issue talk about the obstacles to obtaining mental health services, trends in global mental health, and FSH in the global mental health movement...
June 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
J Bueno-Antequera, M Á Oviedo-Caro, D Munguía-Izquierdo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) was defined as meeting ideal levels of 4 health behaviours (smoking, body mass index, physical activity, and diet) and 3 biological factors (blood pressure, total cholesterol, and glucose) and is inversely related to cardiovascular disease and mortality. However, the prevalence of ideal CVH in patients with severe mental illness and the possible independent associations of sedentary behaviour and fitness with CVH score are unexplored...
June 10, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Goodman Sibeko, Peter D Milligan, Marinda Roelofse, Lezel Molefe, Deborah Jonker, Jonathan Ipser, Crick Lund, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: There is a shortage of trained mental health workers in spite of the significant contribution of psychiatric disorders to the global disease burden. Task shifting, through the delegation of health care tasks to less specialised health workers such as community health workers (CHWs), is a promising approach to address the human resource shortage. CHWs in the Western Cape province of South Africa provide comprehensive chronic support which includes that for mental illness, but have thus far not received standardized mental health training...
June 14, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Pei-Hsuan Weng, Jen-Hau Chen, Jeng-Min Chiou, Yu-Kang Tu, Ta-Fu Chen, Ming-Jang Chiu, Sung-Chun Tang, Shin-Joe Yeh, Yen-Ching Chen
This study aimed to identify lifestyle factors associated with cognitive change and to explore whether the effect of lifestyle varies by socioeconomic status (SES). Participants aged 65 years and older were recruited from elderly health checkup programs from 2011 to 2013 in Taiwan. Neuropsychological tests, including tests of global cognition, logical memory, executive function, verbal fluency and attention, were administered at baseline (N = 603) and 2 years later (N = 509). After literature review, 9 lifestyle factors and 3 SES indicators were chosen and their effects on cognitive change were evaluated using linear regression adjusting for age, sex, education, APOE ε4 status, and baseline cognitive score...
2018: PloS One
Fatma Haddad, Jenny Bourke, Kingsley Wong, Helen Leonard
BACKGROUND: Young people with Down syndrome experience varying abilities in activities of daily living, cognitive functioning, behaviour and social skills. The aim of this research was to investigate, from a carer's perspective, the factors that influenced the quality of life of these young people. METHODS: Families of young people with Down syndrome (n = 197), aged 16-31 years, living in Western Australia, took part in a questionnaire study regarding young person daily functioning, family characteristics, medical background and quality of life measured by the Kidscreen 27-item scale...
2018: PloS One
Stella Samoborec, Rasa Ruseckaite, Darshini Ayton, Sue Evans
BACKGROUND: Globally, road transport accidents contribute significantly to mortality and burden of disability. Up to 50 million people suffer a transport-related non-fatal injury each year, which often leads to long-term disability. A substantial number of people with minor injuries struggle to recover and little is known about the factors leading to poor or non-recovery. The aim of this paper is to present a systematic review of biopsychosocial factors related to poor or non-recovery after a minor transport-related injury...
2018: PloS One
Youn Kyoung Kim, Moses Okumu, Eusebius Small, Silviya Pavlova Nikolova, Cecilia Mengo
Background and objectives Research has shown an increased prevalence of substance use among adolescents in countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Peer affiliation, bullying, and psychological stress are significantly associated with substance use. This study empirically tested theoretical frameworks linking peer affiliation, bullying victimization, loneliness and substance use (specifically tobacco or alcohol use) among adolescents. Materials and methods Data were obtained from the 2009 Malawi Global School-based Health Survey (GSHS) with a representative sample of 2359 students aged 13-17 years in Malawi, Sub-Saharan Africa...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Paul Wallang, Sanjith Kamath, Alice Parshall, Tahani Saridar, Mahek Shah
Health-care companies around the world face an unprecedented challenge of rising health-care costs, increasing life expectancy and escalating demand. Although national health-care budgets have increased (as a percentage of gross domestic product) health care continues to impart significant upward pressure on national expenditure, particularly in the UK ( Licchetta and Stelmach, 2016 ). Additionally a substantial funding gap will continue to grow ( Gainsbury, 2016 ). In response to this challenge a 'value' based strategy has gained momentum over the last two decades...
June 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Vered Slonim-Nevo, Orly Sarid, Michael Friger, Doron Schwartz, Ruslan Sergienko, Avihu Pereg, Hillel Vardi, Terri Singer, Elena Chernin, Dan Greenberg, Shmuel Odes
Background: Psychological distress increases morbidity in ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). We examined whether social support is associated with distress and disease activity. Methods : There were 110 UC and 147 CD patients who completed sociodemography, economic status, disease activity (UC: Patient Simple Clinical Colitis Activity Index (P-SCCAI), CD: Patient Harvey-Bradshaw Index . (P-HBI), Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), Brief Symptom Inventory with Global Severity Index (GSI) of psychological distress, and 2 health-related quality-of-life scales (SF-36 Physical Health and Mental Health, and Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (SIBDQ)...
June 8, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Caitlin Grant, Bridget Williams, Tim Driscoll
Background: This study aimed to provide a detailed insight into the nature of the content published in the International Journal of Epidemiology (IJE) over its history. Methods: This study reviewed five complete volumes of the IJE at 10-year intervals (1976, 1986, 1996, 2006 and 2016). Information was extracted for 628 articles considered to be most representative of the content of the IJE, with detailed information analysed for 435 articles identified as original research articles...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
Vega González-Bueso, Juan J Santamaría, Daniel Fernández, Laura Merino, Elena Montero, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Joan Ribas
Internet Gaming Disorder is an increasingly prevalent disorder, which can have severe consequences in affected young people and in their families. There is an urgent need to improve existing treatment programs; these are currently hampered by the lack of research in this area. It is necessary to more carefully define the symptomatic, psychosocial and personality characterization of these patients and the interaction between treatment and relevant variables. The objectives of this study were three: (1) to analyze the symptomatic and personality profiles of young patients with Internet Gaming Disorder in comparison with healthy controls; (2) to analyze the effectiveness of a cognitive behavioral treatment on reducing symptomatology; and (3) to compare the results of that treatment with or without the addition of a psychoeducational group offered to the parents...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Nicola Heslehurst, Heather Brown, Augustina Pemu, Hayley Coleman, Judith Rankin
BACKGROUND: Global migration is at an all-time high with implications for perinatal health. Migrant women, especially asylum seekers and refugees, represent a particularly vulnerable group. Understanding the impact on the perinatal health of women and offspring is an important prerequisite to improving care and outcomes. The aim of this systematic review was to summarise the current evidence base on perinatal health outcomes and care among women with asylum seeker or refugee status. METHODS: Twelve electronic database, reference list and citation searches (1 January 2007-July 2017) were carried out between June and July 2017...
June 12, 2018: BMC Medicine
Ernesto González-Mesa, Kamile Kabukcuoglu, Oznur Körükcü, Marta Blasco, Nadia Ibrahim, Türker Kavas
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most frequent mental disorder during pregnancy, and its prevalence is at least as high as that of postnatal depression. Differences between Western and Eastern countries may exist according to cultural and educational factors. OBJECTIVE: to determine the influence of social and cultural factors on the mood state of a multicultural sample of 514 Turkish and Spanish pregnant women at the beginning of the pregnancy. METHODS: Between October and December 2017 250 Turkish and 264 Spanish pregnant women attending their first pregnancy medical check-up between 10 and 12 weeks of pregnancy were recruited (264 in Málaga, 102 in Istanbul and 148 in Antalya)...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Namrita S Singh, Judith Bass, Nana Sumbadze, George Rebok, Paul Perrin, Nino Paichadze, W Courtland Robinson
The global population of older adults (60 years and older) has been growing steadily; however, inadequate attention is given to the health needs of older persons, particularly within contexts of conflict and migration. This paper reports findings from the qualitative phase of an investigation assessing the mental health status of older adult internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Georgia, a country in the South Caucasus. The study aimed to assess community-wide social and health problems among older adult IDPs, with a focus on mental health problems and healthy functioning, as well as terminology used to describe these problems...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Kathryn M Godfrey, Anastasia Bullock, Lindsey Dorflinger, Kathryn M Min, Christopher Ruser, Robin M Masheb
OBJECTIVE: Overweight/obesity and chronic pain frequently co-occur and demonstrate a bidirectional relationship. Modifiable risk factors, such as eating behaviors and mental health symptoms, may be important to understand this relationship and improve interventions in Veterans. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Veterans Health Administration Medical Center outpatient clinic. SUBJECTS: The sample of Veterans (N = 126) was mostly male (89...
June 6, 2018: Appetite
Yusufu Kuule, Andrew E Dobson, Anthony D Harries, Birungi Mutahunga, Alex G Stewart, Ewan Wilkinson
Introduction: The harmful use of alcohol is a growing global public health concern, with Sub-Saharan Africa at particular risk. A large proportion of adults in Uganda consume alcohol and the country has a high prevalence of alcohol use disorders (AUD), almost double that for the African region as a whole. Bwindi Community Hospital, in rural western Uganda, recently introduced a program of screening, diagnosis and management of AUD and we assessed how this worked. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study in three departments (out-patients, adult in-patients and sexual & reproductive health) of Bwindi Community Hospital assessing numbers of patients screened, diagnosed and treated with AUD between January 2014 and June 2017...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Tahereh Molkara, Farideh Akhlaghi, Mohammad Arash Ramezani, Roshanak Salari, Veda Vakili, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Mohammad Reza Fayyazi Bordbar, Ahmad Ghorbani, Malihe Motavasselian
Background: Globally, female sexual dysfunction is a serious concern based on negative family and social consequences, high side effects of medications and lack of effective treatment. Thus, the evaluation of treatment approach for this problem is an important priority for healthcare systems. Sexual life and its related disorders are considered the main aspects of a healthy lifestyle in traditional Persian medicine (TPM). Objective: The present study aimed to determine and compare the effects of food products containing Daucus carota, TPM-based training program, and a combination of these two interventions on the improvement of female sexual dysfunction...
April 2018: Electronic Physician
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