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Global Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027039/patterns-of-alcohol-abuse-depression-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-township-mothers-in-south-africa-over-5-years
#1
Emily C Davis, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, Thomas W Weichle, Roxana Rezai, Mark Tomlinson
Alcohol is a major contributor to the global burden of disease. In South Africa, alcohol abuse is hypothesized to correlate with women's HIV status, mental health, and partner relationships over time. All pregnant women in 12 urban, low-income, Cape Town neighborhoods were interviewed at baseline, post-birth, and at 6, 12, 36, and 60 months following delivery with retention rates from 82.5 to 94%. Women were assessed for any alcohol use, problematic drinking, depression, intimate partner violence, and HIV status...
October 12, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024363/prevalence-predictors-and-correlates-of-insomnia-in-us-army-soldiers
#2
Elizabeth A Klingaman, Janeese A Brownlow, Elaine M Boland, Caterina Mosti, Philip R Gehrman
The objective of this study was to investigate the rates, predictors and correlates of insomnia in a national sample of US Army soldiers. Data were gathered from the cross-sectional survey responses of the All-Army Study, of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Service members. Participants were a representative sample of 21 499 US Army soldiers who responded to the All-Army Study self-administered questionnaire between 2011 and 2013. Insomnia was defined by selected DSM-5 criteria using the Brief Insomnia Questionnaire...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023745/prevention-of-tooth-loss-and-dental-pain-for-reducing-the-global-burden-of-oral-diseases
#3
Susan Hyde, Veronique Dupuis, Boipelo P Mariri, Sophie Dartevelle
Population ageing is a global phenomenon and is predicted to become one of the most significant social transformations of the 21st century. The anticipated demographic shift provides governments the opportunity to proactively align policies with the estimated demands for housing, transportation, social protection, and health and well-being. Oral health is a fundamental component of health and physical and mental well-being, and is influenced by the individual's changing experience, perceptions, expectations and ability to adapt to circumstances...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018791/a-novel-multiplayer-screen-based-simulation-experience-for-african-learners-improved-confidence-in-management-of-postpartum-hemorrhage
#4
Jeffrey M Taekman, Megan F Foureman, Fred Bulamba, Michael Steele, Emily Comstock, Andrew Kintu, Amy Mauritz, Adeyemi Olufolabi
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) remains a global challenge, affecting thirteen million women each year. In addition, PPH is a leading cause of maternal mortality in Asia and Africa. In the U.S.A., care of critically ill patients is often practiced using mannequin-based simulation. Mannequin-based simulation presents challenges in global health, particularly in low- or middle-income countries. We developed a novel multiplayer screen-based simulation in a virtual world enabling the practice of team coordination with PPH...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017481/cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-for-patients-with-physical-diseases-and-comorbid-depressive-or-adjustment-disorders-on-a-waiting-list-for-individual-therapy-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Miriam Ruesch, Almut Helmes, Juergen Bengel
BACKGROUND: Depressive and adjustment disorders are highly prevalent in patients with physical diseases and are associated with poorer quality of life, increased morbidity and mortality, as well as higher healthcare costs. Access to mental health care holds strong importance for these patients, although waiting times for outpatient individual psychotherapy in Germany are often long. Attending an intervention while waiting for individual therapy could improve this problem. For this purpose, we developed an eight-session cognitive behavioral group therapy (STEpS) and tested its efficacy in a randomized controlled trial...
October 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017025/global-nursing-in-an-ebola-viral-haemorrhagic-fever-outbreak-before-during-and-after-deployment
#6
Eva von Strauss, Stéphanie Paillard-Borg, Jessica Holmgren, Panu Saaristo
BACKGROUND: Nurses are on the forefront and play a key role in global disaster responses. Nevertheless, they are often not prepared for the challenges they are facing and research is scarce regarding the nursing skills required for first responders during a disaster situation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate how returnee nursing staff experienced deployment before, during and after having worked for the Red Cross at an Ebola Treatment Center in Kenema, West Africa, and to supply knowledge on how to better prepare and support staff for viral haemorrhagic fever outbreaks...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992203/music-therapy-practice-status-and-trends-worldwide-an-international-survey-study
#7
Petra Kern, Daniel B Tague
Background: The field of music therapy is growing worldwide. While there is a wealth of country-specific information available, only a few have databased workforce censuses. Currently, little to no descriptive data exists about the global development of the profession. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to obtain descriptive data about current demographics, practice status, and clinical trends to inform worldwide advocacy efforts, training needs, and the sustainable development of the field...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992102/commentary-on-bedroom-light-exposure-at-night-and-the-incidence-of-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-of-the-heijokyo-cohort-obayashi-et-al
#8
Brant P Hasler
In modern society, we are increasingly disconnected from natural light/dark cycles and beset by round-the-clock exposure to artificial light. Light has powerful effects on physical and mental health, in part via the circadian system, and thus the timing of light exposure dictates whether it is helpful or harmful. In their compelling paper, Obayashi and colleagues offer evidence that light at night can prospectively predict an elevated incidence of depressive symptoms in older adults. Strengths of the study include the longitudinal design and direct, objective assessment of light levels, as well as accounting for multiple plausible confounders during analyses...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990719/japanese-outreach-model-project-for-patients-who-have-difficulty-maintaining-contact-with-mental-health-services-comparison-of-care-between-higher-functioning-and-lower-functioning-groups
#9
Aki Tsunoda, Yoshifumi Kido, Mami Kayama
AIM: The Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare sponsored the current examination of a new community mental health service, the Japan Outreach Model Project (JOMP), for persons with mental illnesses and who find it difficult to continue with ongoing treatment. Shorter readmission rates and hospital stays were found. In this study, the amount and type of care that were delivered by the JOMP were examined in order to inform the process of establishing the public insurance system...
October 9, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986335/mobile-health-apps-in-ob-gyn-embedded-psychiatric-care-commentary
#10
Aydan Mehralizade, Shayna Schor, Chad M Coleman, Claire E Oppenheim, Christy A Denckla, Christina Pc Borba, David C Henderson, James Wolff, Sarah Crane, Pamela Nettles-Gomez, Avik Pal, Snezana Milanovic
This paper explores the potential benefits of the use of mobile health (mHealth) apps in obstetrician-gynecologist (OB-GYN)-embedded psychiatric clinics in the United States. First, we highlight the increasing trend of integrating mental health care within the OB-GYN context. Second, we provide examples of successful uses of mHealth in the global health context and highlight the dearth of available research in the United States. Finally, we provide a summary of the shortcomings of currently available apps and describe the upcoming trial of a novel app currently underway at the Mother-Child Wellness Clinical and Research Center at Boston Medical Center...
October 6, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981316/an-extension-of-the-meaning-making-model-using-data-from-chinese-cancer-patients-the-moderating-effect-of-resilience
#11
Yiqun Gan, Lei Zheng, Yu Wang, Wenju Li
OBJECTIVE: Meaning making refers to the process of integrating the appraised meaning of a traumatic event into one's global belief system to reduce cognitive discrepancy. Park and Folkman (1997) proposed the renowned "meaning-making model," which was a major contribution to trauma research from a positive psychology viewpoint. This concept is important for understanding the trauma of cancer patients, as searching for meaning is fairly common after a cancer diagnosis. However, the original model did not incorporate individual differences in resilience, which might account for the fact that research on this model has produced contradictory results...
October 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978357/association-between-baseline-psychological-attributes-and-mental-health-outcomes-after-soldiers-returned-from-deployment
#12
Yu-Chu Shen, Jeremy Arkes, Paul B Lester
BACKGROUND: Psychological health is vital for effective employees, especially in stressful occupations like military and public safety sectors. Yet, until recently little empirical work has made the link between requisite psychological resources and important mental health outcomes across time in those sectors. In this study we explore the association between 14 baseline psychological health attributes (such as adaptability, coping ability, optimism) and mental health outcomes following exposure to combat deployment...
October 5, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977420/is-there-a-link-between-cognitive-reserve-and-cognitive-function-in-the-oldest-old
#13
Louise M Lavrencic, Connor Richardson, Stephanie L Harrison, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Hannah A D Keage, Katie Brittain, Thomas B L Kirkwood, Carol Jagger, Louise Robinson, Blossom C M Stephan
Background: The oldest-old (aged ≥85 years) are the fastest growing age group, with the highest risk of cognitive impairment and dementia. This study investigated whether cognitive reserve applies to the oldest-old. This has implications for cognitive interventions in this age group. Methods: Baseline and 5-year follow-up data from the Newcastle 85+ Study were used (N = 845, mean age = 85.5, 38% male). A Cognitive Reserve Index (CRI) was created, including: education, social class, marital status, engagement in mental activities, social participation, and physical activity...
July 22, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977360/cognitive-function-and-changes-in-cognitive-function-as-predictors-of-incident-cardiovascular-disease-the-women-s-health-initiative-memory-study
#14
Xiaoyan Leng, Mark A Espeland, JoAnn E Manson, Marcia L Stefanick, Emily W Gower, Kathleen M Hayden, Marian C Limacher, Leslie Vaughan, Jennifer Robinson, Robert Wallace, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Kristine Yaffe, Sally A Shumaker
Background: Cognitive impairment and decline may signal the increased risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD). We examined associations of global cognitive function, as measured by the Modified Mini-Mental State Examination (3MS) and changes in 3MS over time, with incident CVD, individual CVD outcomes, CVD death, and all-cause mortality. Methods: A total of 5,596 women (≥ 60) from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study free of CVD at baseline were followed for an average of 7...
July 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974178/-a-retrospective-study-of-expert-opinions-of-a-psychosomatic-psychotherapeutic-university-hospital-for-public-and-private-customers-over-a-period-of-12-years
#15
Judith Uhlenbrock, Jens Hinrichs, Gereon Heuft
A retrospective study of expert opinions of a psychosomatic-psychotherapeutic university hospital for public and private customers over a period of 12 years Objectives: Both the public and the legislative have developed an increasingly critical awareness for the fact that expert witnesses need to be independent. In contrast, to date there have been few studies concerning the quantity and the results of psychosomatic-psychotherapeutic expert opinions for public and private clients. METHODS: In a retrospective study design, 285 expert opinions of a psychosomatic-psychotherapeutic university hospital stemming from consecutive, unselected random sampling over a 12-year time period (1990-2011) were analyzed using a predefined list of criteria...
September 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972971/barriers-to-global-health-development-an-international-quantitative-survey
#16
Bahr Weiss, Amie Alley Pollack
BACKGROUND: Global health's goal of reducing low-and-middle-income country versus high-income country health disparities faces complex challenges. Although there have been discussions of barriers, there has not been a broad-based, quantitative survey of such barriers. METHODS: 432 global health professionals were invited via email to participate in an online survey, with 268 (62%) participating. The survey assessed participants' (A) demographic and global health background, (B) perceptions regarding 66 barriers' seriousness, (C) detailed ratings of barriers designated most serious, (D) potential solutions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967765/education-bilingualism-and-cognitive-trajectories-sacramento-area-latino-aging-study-salsa
#17
Dan Mungas, Dawnté R Early, M Maria Glymour, Adina Zeki Al Hazzouri, Mary N Haan
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the influence of education, country where education occurred, and monolingual-bilingual (English/Spanish) language usage on late life cognitive trajectories in the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging (SALSA), an epidemiological study of health and cognition in Hispanics, mostly of Mexican origin, age 60 and over (N = 1,499). METHOD: SALSA followed a large cohort of older Latinos for up to 7 assessment waves from 1998 to 2007. Global cognition was assessed by using the Modified Mini Mental State Examination, and the Spanish English Verbal Learning Test was used to measure episodic memory...
October 2, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965098/study-protocol-for-a-longitudinal-study-evaluating-the-impact-of-rape-on-women-s-health-and-their-use-of-health-services-in-south-africa
#18
Naeemah Abrahams, Soraya Seedat, Carl Lombard, Andre P Kengne, Bronwyn Myers, Alesha Sewnath, Shibe Mhlongo, Gita Ramjee, Nasheeta Peer, Claudia Garcia-Moreno, Rachel Jewkes
INTRODUCTION: South Africa is a country known for its high levels of HIV infection and sexual violence. Although the interface between gender-based violence, HIV and mental health has been described, there are substantial gaps in knowledge of the medium-term and long-term health impact. The 2010 Global Burden of Disease study excluded many health outcomes associated with rape and other forms of gender-based violence because systematic reviews revealed huge gaps in data and poor evidence of health effects...
September 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960019/yoga-as-part-of-a-package-of-care-versus-standard-care-for-schizophrenia
#19
REVIEW
Julie Broderick, Davy Vancampfort
BACKGROUND: Yoga is an ancient spiritual practice that originated in India and is currently accepted in the Western world as a form of relaxation and exercise. It has been of interest for people with schizophrenia to determine the efficacy of yoga delivered as a package of care versus standard care. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of yoga as a package of care versus standard care. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group Trials Register (latest 30 March 2017) which is based on regular searches of MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, BIOSS, AMED, PsychINFO, and registries of clinical trials...
September 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957412/cohort-profile-the-canadian-hiv-women-s-sexual-and-reproductive-health-cohort-study-chiwos
#20
Mona Loutfy, Alexandra de Pokomandy, V Logan Kennedy, Allison Carter, Nadia O'Brien, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Erin Ding, Johanna Lewis, Valerie Nicholson, Kerrigan Beaver, Saara Greene, Wangari Tharao, Anita Benoit, Danièle Dubuc, Jamie Thomas-Pavanel, Paul Sereda, Shahab Jabbari, Jayson H Shurgold, Guillaume Colley, Robert S Hogg, Angela Kaida
Globally, women are at increased vulnerability to HIV due to biological, social, structural, and political reasons. Women living with HIV also experience unique issues related to their medical and social healthcare, which makes a clinical care model specific to their needs worthy of exploration. Furthermore, there is a dearth of research specific to women living with HIV. Research for this population has often been narrowly focused on pregnancy-related issues without considering their complex structural inequalities, social roles, and healthcare and biological needs...
2017: PloS One
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