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Global Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718322/the-promis-global-health-questionnaire-correlates-with-the-quickdash-in-patients-with-upper-extremity-illness
#1
Nicky Stoop, Mariano E Menendez, Jos J Mellema, David Ring
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to evaluate the construct validity of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Global Health instrument by establishing its correlation to the Quick-Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDASH) questionnaire in patients with upper extremity illness. METHODS: A cohort of 112 patients completed a sociodemographic survey and the PROMIS Global Health and QuickDASH questionnaires. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to evaluate the association of the QuickDASH with the PROMIS Global Health items and subscales...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717863/global-mental-health-and-adolescent-anxiety-kin-care-and-struggle-in-new-mexico
#2
Janis H Jenkins, Annika Stone
While recent developments within the field of global mental health have illuminated the reality of serious mental health difficulties worldwide, particularly in low-income settings, research that focuses on children and adolescents remains underdeveloped. This is especially the case with respect to ethnographic studies of lived experience of adolescents diagnosed with serious mental health conditions. Drawing from an interdisciplinary study of adolescents in New Mexico who were afflicted with a broad range of disorders according to contemporary research diagnostic criteria, this article focuses on anxiety-related conditions with respect to subjective experience and social-ecological contexts of living with such conditions...
July 17, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716108/esoteric-connective-tissue-therapy-for-chronic-low-back-pain-to-reduce-pain-and-improve-functionality-and-general-well-being-compared-with-physiotherapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Christoph Schnelle, Steffen Messerschmidt, Eunice J Minford, Kate Greenaway-Twist, Maxine Szramka, Marianna Masiorski, Michelle Sheldrake, Mark Jones
BACKGROUND: Low back pain causes more global disability than any other condition. Once the acute pain becomes chronic, about two-thirds of sufferers will not fully recover after 1-2 years. There is a paucity of effective treatments for non-specific, chronic low back pain. It has been noted that low back pain is associated with changes in the connective tissue in the affected area, and a very low-impact treatment, Esoteric Connective Tissue Therapy (ECTT), has been developed to restore flexibility in connective tissue...
July 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714893/loneliness-insomnia-and-suicidal-behavior-among-school-going-adolescents-in-western-pacific-island-countries-role-of-violence-and-injury
#4
Bimala Sharma, Tae Ho Lee, Eun Woo Nam
This study aimed to examine whether being bullied, fighting, and injury, regarded in terms of frequency and nature, were significantly associated with psychological distress and suicidal behavior, independent of substance abuse and parental support in adolescents. Secondary analysis of data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey from Kiribati, the Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu was conducted. Binomial logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association of being bullied, fighting and injury with psychological health outcomes (loneliness, insomnia, suicidal ideation and suicide attempt) at a 5% level of significance...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711424/conversion-and-reversion-rates-in-japanese-older-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#5
Hiroyuki Shimada, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, SungChul Lee, Sangyoon Lee
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 25% of individuals who are diagnosed with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) revert to normal cognition (NC) rather than progressing to Alzheimer disease (AD). However, the prevalence of progression and reversion among older people in Asia remains unclear. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: A community in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4153 individuals without dementia aged ≥65 years were classified as having NC, aMCI single domain (aMCIs), non-aMCI single domain (naMCIs), aMCI multiple domain (aMCIm), non-aMCI multiple domain (naMCIm), or global cognitive impairment (GCI)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711120/from-efficacy-to-global-impact-lessons-learned-about-what-not-to-do-in-translating-our-research-to-reach
#6
Carolyn B Becker
Although members of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies have made significant strides toward the collective goals outlined in our mission statement, we routinely acknowledge that our ability to develop empirically supported treatments exceeds our success in improving dissemination and implementation of said interventions. Further, as noted by Kazdin and Blase (2011), even if we succeeded in having every clinician worldwide administer our best treatments with excellent competency, we still would be unsuccessful in markedly impacting the worldwide burden of mental illness because most treatments require intensive labor by expensive providers...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710741/eating-disorders-in-musicians-a-survey-investigating-self-reported-eating-disorders-of-musicians
#7
Marianna Evangelia Kapsetaki, Charlie Easmon
PURPOSE: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of eating disorders (EDs) in musicians, and to evaluate their relation to perfectionism, stress, anxiety and depression. METHODS: It examined: (1) the prevalence of EDs using the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q), body mass index (BMI) and self-reports, (2) psychological risk factors using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21) and perfectionism inventory and (3) demographic details, information about musical and career development, lifestyle, eating habits and health...
July 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710190/stigma-kills-the-psychological-effects-of-emotional-abuse-and-discrimination-towards-a-patient-with-hiv-in-uganda
#8
Simon Ruffell
Our patient is a 58-year-old Ugandan woman. After her husband's death in 1994, the patient was forced to leave her home by her late husband's family and arrangements were made for her mother to provide care until her inevitable death. The patient suffered from multiple mental health disturbances as a result of discrimination. Socially isolated after years of self-neglect, she prepared to overdose. In 2007, she became open regarding her status after receiving psychosocial support from various sources. She opened her home as an HIV clinic with the help of a local doctor, and subsequently the majority of her psychological symptoms were resolved...
July 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709060/the-association-between-suicidal-ideation-and-sleep-quality-in-elderly-individuals-a-cross-sectional-study-in-shandong-china
#9
Yangyang Qian, Long Sun, Chengchao Zhou, Dandan Ge, Li Zhang
Previous studies have identified global associations between sleep quality and suicidal ideation. However, little is known regarding the relationship between sleep quality and suicidal ideation among Chinese older adults. We examined the relationship between sleep quality and suicidal ideation in older adults in China. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 3313 seniors in Shandong, China. Suicidal ideation was assessed using the interviewees' answers to the question "Have you ever seriously considered wanting to die?"...
July 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707609/the-role-of-diet-and-nutrition-on-mental-health-and-wellbeing
#10
Lauren Owen, Bernard Corfe
Mental, neurological and substance-use disorders presently represent the greatest global burden of disease. Likewise, depression and other psychopathologies are elevated risk comorbidities of other health hazards, such as obesity. Nutrition has been implicated in behaviour, mood and in the pathology and treatment of mental illness. In this brief editorial, we aim to set the scale of the problem in context and overview advances and recent evidence linking nutrition to psychological outcomes. The purpose of the 2016 Nutrition Society Winter Meeting, 'Diet, nutrition and mental health and wellbeing' was to review where the evidence is strong, where there are unmet needs for research and to draw together the communities working in this area to share their findings...
July 14, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707076/correlation-of-changes-in-patient-reported-quality-of-life-with-physician-rated-global-impression-of-change-in-patients-with-narcolepsy-participating-in-a-clinical-trial-of-sodium-oxybate-a-post-hoc-analysis
#11
Richard K Bogan, Jed Black, Todd Swick, Mortimer Mamelak, Ruzica Kovacevic-Ristanovic, Kathleen F Villa, Fannie Mori, Jacques Montplaisir
INTRODUCTION: Narcolepsy patients report lower health-related quality of life (HRQoL) than the general population, as measured by the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36). This analysis evaluated whether changes in SF-36 correlated with physician-rated Clinical Global Impression of Change (CGI-C). METHODS: Data were from 209 of 228 narcolepsy patients participating in an 8-week clinical trial of sodium oxybate. Changes from baseline for SF-36 subscales (Physical Functioning, Role Physical, Bodily Pain, General Health, Vitality, Social Functioning, Role Emotional, and Mental Health) and the summary scores were evaluated for correlation with CGI-C overall and by treatment group...
July 13, 2017: Neurology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705687/antecedents-and-precipitants-of-patient-related-violence-in-the-emergency-department-results-from-the-australian-vent-study-violence-in-emergency-nursing-and-triage
#12
Jacqueline V Pich, Ashley Kable, Mike Hazelton
INTRODUCTION: Workplace violence is one of the most significant and hazardous issues faced by nurses globally. It is a potentially life-threatening and life-affecting workplace hazard often downplayed as just "part of the job" for nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used and data were collected using a purpose developed survey tool. Surveys were distributed to all members of the College of Emergency Nurses' Australasia (CENA) in 2010 and 537 eligible responses were received (RR=51%)...
July 10, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704701/-developing-culturally-sensitive-affect-scales-for-global-mental-health-research-and-practice-emotional-balance-not-named-syndromes-in-indian-adivasi-subjective-well-being
#13
Jeffrey G Snodgrass, Michael G Lacy, Chakrapani Upadhyay
We present a perspective to analyze mental health without either a) imposing Western illness categories or b) adopting local or "native" categories of mental distress. Our approach takes as axiomatic only that locals within any culture share a cognitive and verbal lexicon of salient positive and negative emotional experiences, which an appropriate and repeatable set of ethnographic procedures can elicit. Our approach is provisionally agnostic with respect to either Western or native nosological categories, and instead focuses on persons' relative frequency of experiencing emotions...
June 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701965/the-depression-conundrum-and-the-advantages-of-uncertainty
#14
REVIEW
Jan E Celie, Tom Loeys, Mattias Desmet, Paul Verhaeghe
According to the WHO (2012), the prevalence of unipolar depressive disorders is rising, even in those places where mental health treatments are widely available. The WHO predicts that these disorders will be the leading contributor to the global burden of disease by 2030. This sobering projection fits poorly with how psychological treatments for depression are presented in the mainstream scientific literature: as highly effective therapies, based upon a sound understanding of the causes of distress. There is a clear discrepancy between the rising prevalence figures on the one hand, and the confident claims of this effectiveness research on the other...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701904/medical-and-behavioral-approaches-to-engage-people-who-inject-drugs-into-care-for-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#15
Stevan A Gonzalez, Daniel S Fierer, Andrew H Talal
Direct-acting antivirals for hepatitis C virus infection may revolutionize treatment among persons with substance use disorders. Despite persons with substance use disorders having the highest hepatitis C virus prevalence and incidence, the vast majority have not engaged into care for the infection. Previously, interferon-based treatments, with substantial side effects and the propensity to exacerbate mental health conditions, were major disincentives to pursuit of care for the infection. Direct-acting antivirals with viral eradication rates of >90%, significantly improved side effect profiles, and shorter treatment duration are dramatic improvements over prior treatment regimens that should promote widespread hepatitis C virus care among persons with substance use disorders...
June 2017: Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701292/short-text-messages-to-encourage-adherence-to-medication-and-follow-up-for-people-with-psychosis-mobile-net-randomized-controlled-trial-in-finland
#16
Maritta Välimäki, Kati Anneli Kannisto, Tero Vahlberg, Heli Hätönen, Clive E Adams
BACKGROUND: A text messaging service (short message service [SMS]) has the potential to target large groups of people with long-term illnesses such as serious mental disorders, who may have difficulty with treatment adherence. Robust research on the impact of mobile technology interventions for these patients remains scarce. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of our study was to investigate the impact of individually tailored short text messages on the rate of psychiatric hospital readmissions, health care service use, and clinical outcomes...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691994/core-outcome-domains-for-clinical-trials-on-somatic-symptom-disorder-bodily-distress-disorder-and-functional-somatic-syndromes-euronet-soma-recommendations
#17
Winfried Rief, Chris Burton, Lisbeth Frostholm, Peter Henningsen, Maria Kleinstäuber, Willem J Kop, Bernd Löwe, Alexandra Martin, Ulrik Malt, Judith Rosmalen, Andreas Schröder, Meike Shedden-Mora, Anne Toussaint, Christina van der Feltz-Cornelis
OBJECTIVE: The harmonization of core outcome domains in clinical trials facilitates comparison and pooling of data, and simplifies the preparation and review of research projects, and comparison of risks and benefits of treatments. Therefore we provide recommendations for the core outcome domains that should be considered in clinical trials on the efficacy and effectiveness of interventions for somatic symptom disorder, bodily distress disorder, and functional somatic syndromes. METHODS: The European Network on Somatic Symptom Disorders group (EURONET-SOMA) of more than 20 experts in the field met twice in Hamburg to discuss issues of assessment and intervention research in somatic symptom disorder, bodily distress disorder, and functional somatic syndromes...
July 7, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691572/using-systems-thinking-to-train-future-leaders-in-global-health
#18
Anne Paxton, Laura J Frost
Systems Thinking provides a useful set of concepts and tools that can be used to train students to be effective and innovative global health leaders in an ever-changing and often chaotic world. This paper describes an experiential, multi-disciplinary curriculum that uses Systems Thinking to frame and analyse global health policies and practices. The curriculum uses case studies and hands-on activities to deepen students' understanding of the following concepts: complex adaptive systems, dynamic complexity, inter-relationships, feedback loops, policy resistance, mental models, boundary critique, leverage points, and multi-disciplinary, multi-sectoral, and multi-stakeholder thinking and action...
July 9, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691133/sleep-quality-in-long-term-survivors-of-head-and-neck-cancer-preliminary-findings
#19
Na Li, Takafumi Otomaru, Hisashi Taniguchi
PURPOSE: This preliminary study evaluated sleep quality in long-term head and neck cancer survivors, using demographic data and clinical features of the cancers as assessment criteria. In addition, a possible correlation was examined between scores on self-rated questionnaires of sleep quality and assessments of quality of life and oral health status. METHODS: Subjects were 77 head and neck cancer survivors. Sleep quality was evaluated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale...
July 9, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686572/adolescent-suicide-as-a-global-public-health-issue
#20
Zebib K Abraham, Leo Sher
Youth suicide is a major global mental health problem. This review looks at the epidemiology, risk and protective factors associated with youth suicide, and global strategies to address this important issue. To better understand factors contributing to youth suicide, global gender differences in suicide were examined. Global rates of suicide amongst young men are higher than young women. However, there are anomalously higher rates of female youth suicide in India and China, and possible causes of this are examined further...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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