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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435971/-mechanisms-underlying-rat-coronary-arterial-vasoconstriction-induced-by-blockade-of-inward-rectifier-potassium-channels-with-bacl2
#1
Fang-Wen Fan, Ze-Fang He, Meng Shi, Rong Yang, Xiao-Min Hou, Yu Liu, Ming-Sheng Zhang
In order to explore the mechanisms underlying the vasoconstriction induced by blockade of inward rectifier K(+) channels (Kir) with BaCl2, myogenic tone of isolated rat coronary artery (RCA) was recorded with wire myograph. The dependence of BaCl2- induced contraction on intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]i) release and extracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]o) influx was studied by Ca(2+) deprivation and restoration. The mechanisms underlying BaCl2-induced RCA contraction were investigated with specific inhibitors. BaCl2 (0...
April 25, 2017: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432059/increased-amplitude-of-inward-rectifier-k-currents-with-advanced-age-in-smooth-muscle-cells-of-murine-superior-epigastric-arteries
#2
Sebastien Hayoz, Jessica Pettis, Vanessa Bradley, Steven S Segal, William F Jackson
Inward rectifier K(+) channels (KIR) may contribute to skeletal muscle blood flow regulation and adapt to advanced age. Using mouse abdominal wall superior epigastric arteries (SEAs) from either young (3-6 months) or old (24-26 months) male C57BL/6 mice, we investigated whether SEA smooth muscle cells (SMCs) express functional KIR, and how aging may affect KIR function. Freshly dissected SEAs were either enzymatically dissociated to isolate SMCs for electrophysiological recording (perforated patch) and mRNA expression, or used intact for pressure myography...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431957/genetic-study-of-kir-and-hla-ligands-in-235-individuals-from-northeastern-thailand
#3
Suwit Chaisri, Chanvit Leelayuwat, Amornrat Romphruk
The diversity of 17 KIR and HLA ligands (HLA-C1, C2, Bw4, A11) were investigated in two hundred and thirty-five unrelated healthy donors in Northeastern Thais (NETs) by the polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific primer (PCR-SSP) method. The Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE) was used to verify genotyping method for dimorphic KIR and HLA. They were in HWE (p>0.05). KIR and HLA ligands frequencies, genotypes, haplotypes and linkage disequilibrium (LD) were presented. The genetic data are available in allele Frequencies Net Database...
April 18, 2017: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425222/class-iii-antiarrhythmic-drugs-amiodarone-and-dronedarone-impair-kir-2-1-backward-trafficking
#4
Yuan Ji, Hiroki Takanari, Muge Qile, Lukas Nalos, Marien J C Houtman, Fee L Romunde, Raimond Heukers, Paul M P van Bergen En Henegouwen, Marc A Vos, Marcel A G van der Heyden
Drug-induced ion channel trafficking disturbance can cause cardiac arrhythmias. The subcellular level at which drugs interfere in trafficking pathways is largely unknown. KIR 2.1 inward rectifier channels, largely responsible for the cardiac inward rectifier current (IK1 ), are degraded in lysosomes. Amiodarone and dronedarone are class III antiarrhythmics. Chronic use of amiodarone, and to a lesser extent dronedarone, causes serious adverse effects to several organs and tissue types, including the heart. Both drugs have been described to interfere in the late-endosome/lysosome system...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424684/modulation-of-human-leukocyte-antigen-c-by-human-cytomegalovirus-stimulates-kir2ds1-recognition-by-natural-killer-cells
#5
Kattria van der Ploeg, Chiwen Chang, Martin A Ivarsson, Ashley Moffett, Mark R Wills, John Trowsdale
The interaction of inhibitory killer cell Ig-like receptors (KIRs) with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I molecules has been characterized in detail. By contrast, activating members of the KIR family, although closely related to inhibitory KIRs, appear to interact weakly, if at all, with HLA class I. KIR2DS1 is the best studied activating KIR and it interacts with C2 group HLA-C (C2-HLA-C) in some assays, but not as strongly as KIR2DL1. We used a mouse 2B4 cell reporter system, which carries NFAT-green fluorescent protein with KIR2DS1 and a modified DAP12 adaptor protein...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416080/molecular-identification-and-immunological-characteristics-of-goose-suppressor-of-cytokine-signaling-1-socs-1-in-vitro-and-vivo-following-dtmuv-challenge
#6
Wei Zhang, Shun Chen, Jingyue Zhang, Zhen Wu, Mingshu Wang, Renyong Jia, Dekang Zhu, Mafeng Liu, Kunfeng Sun, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Xiaoyue Chen, Anchun Cheng
Purpose suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS-1) is inducible feedback inhibitors of cytokine signaling and involved in viral infection through regulation of both innate and adaptive immunity. In this study, we firstly cloned SOCS-1 (goSOCS-1) from duck Tembusu virus (DTMUV) infected goose. The full-length sequence of goSOCS-1 ORF is 624bp and encoded 108 amino acids. Structurally, the mainly functional regions (KIR, SH2, SOCS-box) were conserved between avian and mammalian. The tissues distribution data showed SOCS-1 highly expressed in immune related tissues (SP, LU, HG) of both gosling and adult goose...
April 13, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414896/nk-cells-in-self-limited-hcv-infection-exhibit-a-more-extensively-differentiated-but-not-memory-like-repertoire
#7
Rik A de Groen, Zwier M A Groothuismink, Gertine van Oord, Neeltje A Kootstra, Harry L A Janssen, Maria Prins, Janke Schinkel, André Boonstra
Natural killer (NK) cells have long been thought of as a purely innate immune cell population, but increasing reports have described developmental and functional qualities of NK cells that are commonly associated with cells of the adaptive immune system. Of these features, the ability of NK cells to acquire functional qualities associated with immunological memory and continuous differentiation resulting in the formation of specific NK cell repertoires has recently been highlighted in viral infection settings...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412292/hla-bw4-80-t-and-multiple-hla-bw4-copies-combined-with-kir3dl1-associate-with-spontaneous-clearance-of-hcv-infection-in-people-who-inject-drugs
#8
Christine Thöns, Tina Senff, Theresa J Hydes, Angela R Manser, Falko M Heinemann, Andreas Heinold, Martin Heilmann, Arthur Y Kim, Markus Uhrberg, Norbert Scherbaum, Georg M Lauer, Salim I Khakoo, Jörg Timm
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: NK cell function is regulated by inhibitory and activating receptors including killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs). Here, we analyzed the impact of different KIR/KIR-ligand genotypes on the outcome of HCV infection in people who inject drugs (PWID). KIR/KIR-ligand genotypes associated with spontaneous clearance of HCV infection were identified in a cohort of PWID from Germany (n=266) and further validated in a second anti-HCV positive cohort of PWID recruited in North America (n=342)...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397235/-allelic-diversity-of-kir2dl4-gene-and-identification-of-five-novel-alleles-among-southern-han-chinese-population
#9
Guobin Zhang, Zhihui Deng
OBJECTIVE: To study the polymorphisms of the KIR2DL4 gene in a southern Han Chinese population. METHODS: Genomic DNA isolated from 306 unrelated individuals was amplified by using KIR2DL4-specific PCR primers. The PCR products were genotyped for the entire coding sequence by sequencing-based typing (SBT). Assignment of allelic profile was accomplished with an Assign 3.5 software. For samples with inconclusive SBT results, the RT-PCR products covering the entire coding sequence of the KIR2DL4 gene were subjected to cloning and haplotype sequencing...
April 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396661/phenotype-of-nk-like-cd8-t-cells-with-innate-features-in-humans-and-their-relevance-in-cancer-diseases
#10
Alice Barbarin, Emilie Cayssials, Florence Jacomet, Nicolas Gonzalo Nunez, Sara Basbous, Lucie Lefèvre, Myriam Abdallah, Nathalie Piccirilli, Benjamin Morin, Vincent Lavoue, Véronique Catros, Eliane Piaggio, André Herbelin, Jean-Marc Gombert
Unconventional T cells are defined by their capacity to respond to signals other than the well-known complex of peptides and major histocompatibility complex proteins. Among the burgeoning family of unconventional T cells, innate-like CD8(+) T cells in the mouse were discovered in the early 2000s. This subset of CD8(+) T cells bears a memory phenotype without having encountered a foreign antigen and can respond to innate-like IL-12 + IL-18 stimulation. Although the concept of innate memory CD8(+) T cells is now well established in mice, whether an equivalent memory NK-like T-cell population exists in humans remains under debate...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389584/control-of-kir-channel-gating-by-cytoplasmic-domain-interface-interactions
#11
William F Borschel, Shizhen Wang, Sunjoo Lee, Colin G Nichols
Inward rectifier potassium (Kir) channels are expressed in almost all mammalian tissues and play critical roles in the control of excitability. Pancreatic ATP-sensitive K (KATP) channels are key regulators of insulin secretion and comprise Kir6.2 subunits coupled to sulfonylurea receptors. Because these channels are reversibly inhibited by cytoplasmic ATP, they link cellular metabolism with membrane excitability. Loss-of-function mutations in the pore-forming Kir6.2 subunit cause congenital hyperinsulinism as a result of diminished channel activity...
April 7, 2017: Journal of General Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386908/inhibitory-2b4-contributes-to-nk-cell-education-and-immunological-derangements-in-xlp1-patients
#12
Raffaella Meazza, Michela Falco, Stefania Marcenaro, Fabrizio Loiacono, Paolo Canevali, Francesca Bellora, Claudia Tuberosa, Franco Locatelli, Concetta Micalizzi, Alessandro Moretta, Maria C Mingari, Lorenzo Moretta, Maurizio Aricò, Cristina Bottino, Daniela Pende
X-linked lymphoproliferative disease 1 (XLP1) is an inherited immunodeficiency, caused by mutations in SH2D1A encoding Signaling Lymphocyte Activation Molecule (SLAM)-associated protein (SAP). In XLP1, 2B4, upon engagement with CD48, has inhibitory instead of activating function. This causes a selective inability of cytotoxic effectors to kill EBV-infected cells, with dramatic clinical sequelae. Here, we investigated the NK cell education in XLP1, upon characterization of KIR/KIR-L genotype and phenotypic repertoire of self-HLA class I specific inhibitory receptors (self-iNKR)...
April 6, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375571/hla-mismatching-favoring-host-versus-graft-nk-cell-activity-via-kir3dl1-is-associated-with-improved-outcomes-following-lung-transplantation
#13
John R Greenland, Haibo Sun, Daniel Calabrese, Tiffany Chong, Jonathan P Singer, Jasleen Kukreja, Steven R Hays, Jeffrey A Golden, George H Caughey, Jeffrey M Venstrom, Raja Rajalinginam
Chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) is linked to rejection and limits survival following lung transplantation. HLA-Bw4 recipients of HLA-Bw6 grafts have enhanced host-versus-graft (HVG) NK cell activity mediated by KIR3DL1 ligand. Because natural killer (NK) cells may promote tolerance by depleting antigen-presenting cells, we hypothesized improved outcomes for HLA-Bw4 recipients of HLA-Bw6 grafts. We evaluated differences in acute cellular rejection (ACR) and CLAD-free survival across 252 KIR3DL1+ recipients from UCSF...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371470/role-of-renal-vascular-potassium-channels-in-physiology-and-pathophysiology
#14
REVIEW
Max Salomonsson, Jens Christian Brasen, Charlotte M Sorensen
The control of renal vascular tone is important for the regulation of salt and water balance, blood pressure and the protection against damaging elevated glomerular pressure. The K(+) conductance is a major factor in the regulation of the membrane potential (Vm ) in vascular smooth muscle (VSMC) and endothelial cells (EC). The vascular tone is controlled by Vm via its effect on the opening probability of voltage operated Ca(2+) channels (VOCC) in VSMC. When K(+) conductance increases Vm becomes more negative and vasodilation follows, while deactivation of K(+) channels leads to depolarization and vasoconstriction...
March 30, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357803/rainwater-harvesting-in-american-samoa-current-practices-and-indicative-health-risks
#15
Marek Kirs, Philip Moravcik, Pradip Gyawali, Kerry Hamilton, Veljo Kisand, Ian Gurr, Christopher Shuler, Warish Ahmed
Roof-harvested rainwater (RHRW) is an important alternative source of water that many island communities can use for drinking and other domestic purposes when groundwater and/or surface water sources are contaminated, limited, or simply not available. The aim of this pilot-scale study was to investigate current RHRW practices in American Samoa (AS) and to evaluate and compare the quality of water from common potable water sources including RHRW stored in tanks, untreated stream water, untreated municipal well water, and treated municipal tap water samples...
March 30, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357111/typing-of-killer-cell-immunoglobulin-like-receptors-and-their-cognate-human-leukocyte-antigen-class-i-ligands-predicts-survival-of-chinese-han-patients-with-metastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
Hui Yu, Fang Liu, Benoit Sansas, Bin Kang, Xavier Preville, Xianghua Wu, Jianhua Chang, Romain Micol, Jialei Wang, Xia Meng
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may establish an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment that is conducive to tumor growth. Natural killer (NK) cells play a pivotal role in immunological surveillance. Activation of NK cells partially depends on the interactions between killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I ligands. We herein investigated the association of KIRs and HLA ligands with survival in metastatic NSCLC (mNSCLC) patients treated with chemotherapy in a Chinese Han population...
February 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353401/effect-of-nk-cell-immunotherapy-on-immune-function-in-patients-with-hepatic-carcinoma-a-preliminary-clinical-study
#17
Zilin Qin, Jibing Chen, Jianying Zeng, Lizhi Niu, Silun Xie, Xiaohua Wang, Yingqing Liang, Zhenyi Wu, Mingjie Zhang
We investigated the effectiveness of adoptive transfer of KIR ligand-mismatched highly activated nature killer (HANK) cells in patients with hepatic carcinoma. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were obtained and cultured in vitro to induce expansion and activation of HANK cells. After 12 days of culture, the cells were divided into three parts and infused intravenously on days 13 to 15. The patients (n = 16) were given one to six courses of immunotherapy. No side effects were observed. The lymphocyte subsets and cytokine, thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) and circulating tumor cell (CTC) levels were measured 1 day before treatment and 1 month after the final infusion: the absolute number of total T cells and NK cells and the IL-2 and TNF-β levels were significantly higher, and the TK1 and CTC levels were significantly lower at 1 month after treatment...
March 29, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352266/canonical-and-cross-reactive-binding-of-nk-cell-inhibitory-receptors-to-hla-c-allotypes-is-dictated-by-peptides-bound-to-hla-c
#18
Malcolm J W Sim, Stacy A Malaker, Ayesha Khan, Janet M Stowell, Jeffrey Shabanowitz, Mary E Peterson, Sumati Rajagopalan, Donald F Hunt, Daniel M Altmann, Eric O Long, Rosemary J Boyton
BACKGROUND: Human natural killer (NK) cell activity is regulated by a family of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) that bind human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I. Combinations of KIR and HLA genotypes are associated with disease, including susceptibility to viral infection and disorders of pregnancy. KIR2DL1 binds HLA-C alleles of group C2 (Lys(80)). KIR2DL2 and KIR2DL3 bind HLA-C alleles of group C1 (Asn(80)). However, this model cannot explain HLA-C allelic effects in disease or the impact of HLA-bound peptides...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345117/inwardly-rectifying-k-currents-in-cultured-oligodendrocytes-from-rat-optic-nerve-are-insensitive-to-ph
#19
Alberto Pérez-Samartín, Edith Garay, Juan Pablo H Moctezuma, Abraham Cisneros-Mejorado, María Victoria Sánchez-Gómez, Guadalupe Martel-Gallegos, Leticia Robles-Martínez, Manuel Canedo-Antelo, Carlos Matute, Rogelio O Arellano
Inwardly rectifying K(+) (Kir) channel expression signals at an advanced stage of maturation during oligodendroglial differentiation. Knocking down their expression halts the generation of myelin and produces severe abnormalities in the central nervous system. Kir4.1 is the main subunit involved in the tetrameric structure of Kir channels in glial cells; however, the precise composition of Kir channels expressed in oligodendrocytes (OLs) remains partially unknown, as participation of other subunits has been proposed...
March 27, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343565/thermal-tolerance-and-preferred-temperature-range-of-juvenile-meagre-acclimated-to-four-temperatures
#20
Mehmet Kır, Murat Can Sunar, Barış Can Altındağ
The present study reports the temperature tolerance, estimated using dynamic and static methodologies, and preferred temperature range, based on oxygen consumption rate (OCR), of juvenile meagre (Argyrosomus regius) (Asso, 1801) (3.4±0.9g) after 30 days of acclimation at 18, 22, 26 and 30°C. Meagre has dynamic and static thermal tolerance zones of 551°C(2) and 460°C(2), respectively and is a low resistance fish species, with a resistance zone area of 87°C(2). The OCR of juvenile meagre at the above acclimation temperatures was 370, 410, 618 and 642mgh(-1)kg(-)(1), respectively, and is significantly different (P<0...
April 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
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