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Huilei Cheng, Yanqin Xi, Xianna Chi, Yanxia Wu, Guizhi Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the curative effect of fenofibrate on rats with experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) and its immunological mechanism. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-four rats were equally randomised into three groups: an EAM group, fenofibrate group, and control group, then a subcutaneous injection of purified pig cardiac myosin was given to the EAM group rats and the fenofibrate group, while equivalent normal saline (NS) was given to the control group...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Brenda R Malcolm, John J Foxe, John S Butler, Pierfilippo De Sanctis
Aging is associated with reduced abilities to selectively allocate attention across multiple domains. This may be particularly problematic during everyday multitasking situations when cognitively demanding tasks are performed while walking. Due to previous limitations in neuroimaging technology, much remains unknown about the cortical mechanisms underlying resource allocation during locomotion. Here, we utilized an EEG-based mobile brain/body imaging (MoBI) technique that integrates high-density event-related potential (ERP) recordings with simultaneously acquired foot-force sensor data to monitor gait patterns and brain activity concurrently...
August 15, 2015: NeuroImage
José Vassallo, André Fellipe Freitas Rodrigues, Antonio Hugo J F M Campos, Rafael Malagoli Rocha, Isabela Werneck da Cunha, Stênio Cássio Zequi, Gustavo Cardoso Guimarães, Francisco Paulo da Fonseca, Ademar Lopes, Antonio Cubilla, Fernando Augusto Soares
Penile carcinomas (PeCa) are relatively rare, but devastating neoplasms, more frequent among people of underprivileged socioeconomic status. There is mounting evidence that immune cells may trigger various mechanisms that enhance tumor growth and metastasis, but no data on the peritumoral inflammation is available for PeCa. The objectives of the present study are to evaluate the immunohistomorphology of tumoral inflammation in PeCa, and to correlate it with clinicopathological parameters, which could contribute to the prognostic evaluation...
April 2015: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Ying-E Wu, Zhong-Ren Du, Ying-Mu Cai, Wen-Guang Peng, Gao-Zhe Zheng, Geng-Long Zheng, Li-Biao Wu, Ke Li
The expansion of CD4+ CD25+ forkhead box (FOX)P3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells has been observed in patients with Mycobacterium (M.) tuberculosis; however, the mechanism of expansion remains to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of the early secreted antigenic target 6(ESAT‑6) and antigen 85 complex B (Ag85B) from M. tuberculosis on Treg cell expansion. To investigate the sensitivity of peripheral blood cultures to the M. tuberculosis ESAT‑6 and Ag85B antigens, the proportion of circulating CD4+ CD25+ FOXP3+ Treg cells was determined using flow cytometry and the levels of FOXP3 mRNA were determined using reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
April 2015: Molecular Medicine Reports
Min Shi, Jue Wei, Jinbin Dong, Wenying Meng, Jiali Ma, Ting Wang, Na Wang, Yugang Wang
Intrahepatic T helper (Th)17 cytokine and serum interleukin (IL)-17 levels in patients with hepatitis B are positively correlated with the progression of liver cirrhosis (LC). IL-35 can significantly inhibit the differentiation of Th17 cells and the synthesis of IL-17. The present study aimed to investigate the function and expression of IL-17 and IL-35 in the blood of patients with hepatitis B‑related LC. The levels of IL-17 and IL-35 in the peripheral blood of 30 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), 79 with LC, 14 with chronic severe hepatitis B (CSHB), and 20 normal controls were detected by ELISA...
January 2015: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jorg van Loosdregt, Paul J Coffer
Forkhead box (FOX)P3 is a requisite transcription factor for the development and maintenance of immunosuppressive function of regulatory T (Treg) cells, and therefore for immune homeostasis. Post-translational modifications (PTMs) can transiently alter the functionality of transcription factors, and recent evidence reveals that FOXP3 can be regulated by various PTMs including acetylation, ubiquitination, and phosphorylation. Here, we review the current understanding of how these modifications control FOXP3, including regulation of DNA binding, transactivation potential, and proteasomal degradation...
August 2014: Trends in Immunology
Huaying Wang, Huajuan Ying, Shi Wang, Xiao Gu, Yuesong Weng, Weidong Peng, Dajing Xia, Wanjun Yu
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune responses mediated by cluster of differentiation 4(+) T cells may contribute to the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, little is known about the frequency of peripheral blood Th17 cells and of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in Chinese patients with COPD. This study is aimed at determining the frequency of circulating Th17 and Tregs in patients with moderate and severe COPD, heavy smokers and healthy controls (HC). METHOD: The percentages of circulating T-helper type (Th)17 cells and Tregs were determined by flow cytometry in 32 patients with moderate COPD, 33 patients with severe COPD, 35 smokers, and 31 HC...
July 2015: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Birgit Tsaknakis, Inga-Marie Schaefer, Harald Schwörer, Carsten-Oliver Sahlmann, Kai-Martin Thoms, Martina Blaschke, Giuliano Ramadori, Silke Cameron
Even though ipilimumab is a promising antibody used for stage IV melanoma therapy, the response varies and is difficult to predict. We here report on a case of successful treatment with ipilimumab in dacarbazine-resistant metastatic malignant melanoma, including a review of the literature on the long-term treatment results. A 62-year-old patient with a history of a resected lentigo-maligna melanoma 5 years earlier and parotideal metastasis 1 year before was admitted with a newly detected 3.5 cm liver metastasis...
January 2014: Medical Oncology
Enrico Conte, Elisa Gili, Mary Fruciano, Evelina Fagone, Carlo Vancheri
Aim of this study was to evaluate functional modifications induced by human lung fibroblasts in co-cultured CD4(+) T lymphocytes. CD4(+) T cells, resting or stimulated with ionomycin/PMA for 6h, were co-cultured with fibroblasts isolated from pulmonary biopsies, in contact or separated by a semi-permeable membrane. The expression of CD25, CTLA-4, TGF-β, IFNγ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-10 and Foxp3 was evaluated by flow cytometric analysis. Fibroblasts induced a significant increment in CD25(+) cells in co-cultured activated CD4(+) T lymphocytes separated by a membrane...
September 2013: Cellular Immunology
D M Moldaver, M S Bharhani, J N Wattie, R Ellis, H Neighbour, C M Lloyd, M D Inman, M Larché
In the present study, we show therapeutic amelioration of established ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic airway disease following house dust mite (HDM) peptide therapy. Mice were sensitized and challenged with OVA and HDM protein extract (Dermatophagoides species) to induce dual allergen sensitization and allergic airway disease. Treatment of allergic mice with peptides derived from the major allergen Der p 1 suppressed OVA-induced airway hyperresponsiveness, tissue eosinophilia, and goblet cell hyperplasia upon rechallenge with allergen...
March 2014: Mucosal Immunology
Mariam Al Shamsi, Allen Shahin, Yoichiro Iwakura, Miodrag L Lukic, Eric P K Mensah-Brown
Toll like receptors are primary sensors of both innate and adaptive immune systems. They activate APCs and influence T-cell function in inflammatory autoimmune response. Studies have shown that TLR manipulation may lead to either tolerance or trigger autoimmunity. Using diabetogenic and subdiabetogenic multiple low doses of streptozotocin, we demonstrate here that Pam3 CYS-CK4 a TLR-2 agonist, enhances and promotes diabetes in C57BL/6 male mice following increased apoptosis of β islet cells. FACS analysis of isolated pancreatic lymph node cells revealed significant increased number of macrophages, dendritic cells, CD4(+) TNF-α(+), CD4(+) IFN-γ(+) and most significantly, CD4(+) IL-17(+) and reduced number of CD25(+)Fox p3(+) T cells after Pam3CSK4 treatment...
October 2013: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
Mayank Kinger, Jeong Hoon Park, Min Goo Hur, Sang Wook Kim, Seung Dae Yang
A series of novel analogues of 1,3-diarylprop-2-en-1-one (3a-m) were synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory activity of FOX P3 gene expression and apoptosis in CD4(+)T cells that had been isolated from the spleen of 8 to 10 weeks old mice. The structure-activity relationship (SAR) of the R1 and R2 modification was studied to identify a candidate with the maximum potency. Of these compounds, 3d showed the highest inhibitory activity of FOX P3 gene expression and apoptosis (66.5 % inhibition at 10 μM)...
December 2013: Medicinal Chemistry
Nitya G Chakraborty, Meeta Yadav, Soheil S Dadras, Prashant Singh, Arvind Chhabra, Richard Feinn, Phillip E Kerr, Jane M Grant-Kels, Bijay Mukherji, Upendra P Hegde
Elderly cancer patients are often excluded from immune-based clinical trials and therapies based on the belief that they respond poorly to tumor antigens. Using melanoma as a model and melanoma related Mart-127-35 epitope specific T cell receptor (TCR) engineered T cells as a tool we compared the T cell responses from young and elderly to the Mart-127-35 epitope, ex vivo. We also compared the natural Treg (nTreg) activities and the expression of a number of genes associated with immune response by quantitative real-time reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRTPCR) in formalin fixed primary melanomas, in situ...
May 2013: Human Immunology
Gaelle Le Friec, Jörg Köhl, Claudia Kemper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2013: Nature Immunology
Erika Cretney, Axel Kallies, Stephen L Nutt
Regulatory T (Treg) cells are essential for immunological tolerance and homeostasis. Although forkhead box (Fox)p3 is continually required to reinforce the Treg cell program, Treg cells can also undergo stimulus-specific differentiation that is regulated by transcription factors typically associated with the differentiation of conventional CD4(+) T cells. This results in effector Treg (eTreg) cells with unique migratory and functional properties matched to the stimulus that elicited the initial response. Despite this functional and transcriptional heterogeneity, expression of the transcription factor B lymphocyte-induced maturation protein (Blimp)-1, a key player in late B cell and conventional T cell differentiation, is common to all eTreg cells...
February 2013: Trends in Immunology
Huaying Wang, Weidong Peng, Yuesong Weng, Huajuan Ying, Hequan Li, Dajing Xia, Wanjun Yu
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have revealed that autoimmune responses mediated by CD4(+) T cells may contribute to the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Meanwhile, imbalance of Th17/Treg has been reported to play a key role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. However, information on Th17/Treg balance in COPD is relatively limited. METHOD: We established a mouse model of COPD induced by chronic cigarette smoke (CS) exposure. Th17 and Treg in lung tissue and peripheral blood were quantified by flow cytometry...
December 2012: International Immunopharmacology
Peter A Savage, Sven Malchow, Daniel S Leventhal
Due to the critical role of forkhead box (Fox)p3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) in the regulation of immunity and the enrichment of Tregs within many human tumors, several emerging therapeutic strategies for cancer involve the depletion or modulation of Tregs, with the aim of eliciting enhanced antitumor immune responses. Here, we review recent advances in understanding of the fundamental biology of Tregs, and discuss the implications of these findings for current models of tumor-associated Treg biology. In particular, we discuss the context-dependent functional diversity of Tregs, the developmental origins of these cells, and the nature of the antigens that they recognize within the tumor environment...
January 2013: Trends in Immunology
Terry Lichtor, Roberta P Glick
Antigenic differences between normal and malignant cells of the cancer patient form the rationale for clinical immunotherapeutic strategies. Because the antigenic phenotype of neoplastic cells varies widely among different cells within the same malignant cell-population, immunization with a vaccine that stimulates immunity to the broad array of tumor antigens expressed by the cancer cells is likely to be more efficacious than immunization with a vaccine for a single antigen. A vaccine prepared by transfer of DNA from the tumor into a highly immunogenic cell line can encompass the array of tumor antigens that characterize the patient's neoplasm...
2012: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Masaru Kimata, David L Cullins, Monica L Brown, David D Brand, Edward F Rosloniec, Linda K Myers, John M Stuart, Andrew H Kang
INTRODUCTION: We used DR1 transgenic mice and covalently linked DR1 multimers to characterize analog-specific inhibitory T cells in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Because of the low numbers of antigen-specific T cells in wild-type mice, functional T-cell studies in autoimmune arthritis have been challenging. The use of T-cell receptor (TCR) transgenic mice has provided useful information, but such T cells may not represent the heterogeneous T-cell response that occurs in natural settings...
2012: Arthritis Research & Therapy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2011: Immunology
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