Read by QxMD icon Read


Juan Chen, Jingyang Wang, Jiyan Zhang, Chuanqiang Pu
Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies are a group of rare muscular diseases that are characterized by acute, subacute or chronic proximal and symmetric muscle weakness, muscle fiber necrosis and infiltration of inflammatory cells, particularly activated CD8+ cytotoxic T cells and phagocytes. 3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) protects mitochondria and reduces the inflammatory response in multiple disease models. In myositis, it has remained elusive whether NBP can protect muscle cells from muscle fiber injury. Experimental autoimmune myositis (EAM) was induced in a total of 40 guinea pigs by myosin immunization...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Jacek Rutkowski, Marta Cyman, Tomasz Ślebioda, Kamila Bemben, Aleksandra Rutkowska, Marcin Gruchała, Zbigniew Kmieć, Agnieszka Pliszka, Renata Zaucha
Lung cancer cells harboring multiple mutations as a consequence of long-term damage by different etiologic factors are responsible for high immunogenicity. Immune checkpoint inhibitors significantly improve treatment results in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Unfortunately, the role of T-lymphocytes in early NSCLC has not been sufficiently elucidated. The aim of this study was to characterize peripheral blood T cells expressing several selected surface antigens (CD4, CD8, CD25, CD28, PD-1, CTLA-4) and transcription factors (T-bet, ROR-yt, Fox-P3, GATA-3) in this patient population...
December 2017: Cellular Immunology
Shin-Huei Fu, Li-Tzu Yeh, Chin-Chen Chu, B Lin-Ju Yen, Huey-Kang Sytwu
B lymphocyte-induced maturation protein-1 (Blimp-1) serves as a master regulator of the development and function of antibody-producing B cells. Given that its function in T lymphocytes has been identified within the past decade, we review recent findings with emphasis on its role in coordinated control of gene expression during the development, differentiation, and function of T cells. Expression of Blimp-1 is mainly confined to activated T cells and is essential for the production of interleukin (IL)-10 by a subset of forkhead box (Fox)p3+ regulatory T cells with an effector phenotype...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Science
Vlad A Gata, Cosmin I Lisencu, Catalin I Vlad, Doina Piciu, Alexandru Irimie, Patriciu Achimas-Cadariu
Malignant melanoma represents the major cause of mortality among skin cancers, with increasing incidence and mortality rates worldwide. Despite the numerous public health campaigns and the efforts undertaken in the last decade regarding the establishment of a rapid diagnostic and an efficient treatment for these patients, the long-term prognosis has not been significantly improved. Thus, numerous studies were conducted in order to establish a more accurate prognosis, tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) being considered in many studies as independent prognostic factors of lymph node metastasis and overall survival in patients with melanoma...
May 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Mandy J McGeachy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Nature Immunology
Shilan Hesami, Mehdi Mohammadi, Mohamad Ali Rezaee, Ali Jalili, Mohammad Reza Rahmani
PURPOSE: Hyperthermia can modulate inflammation and the immune response. Based on the recruitment of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to inflamed tissues and the immunomodulatory properties of these cells, the aim of this study was to examine the effects of hyperthermia on the immunomodulatory properties of MSCs in a mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Passages 4-6 of human umbilical cord vein mesenchymal stem cells were co-cultured in a two-way MLR...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
Wu Zhong, Zhi-Yuan Jiang, Lei Zhang, Jia-Hao Huang, Shi-Jun Wang, Cun Liao, Bin Cai, Li-Sheng Chen, Sen Zhang, Yun Guo, Yun-Fei Cao, Feng Gao
AIM: To investigate the abundance and potential functions of LAP(+)CD4(+) T cells in colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Proportions of LAP(+)CD4(+) T cells were examined in peripheral blood and tumor/paratumor tissues of CRC patients and healthy controls using flow cytometry. Expression of phenotypic markers such as forkhead box (Fox)p3, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein (CTLA)-4, chemokine CC receptor (CCR)4 and CCR5 was measured using flow cytometry. LAP(-)CD4(+) and LAP(+)CD4(+) T cells were isolated using a magnetic cell-sorting system and cell purity was analyzed by flow cytometry...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Yuan-Yuan Ding, Jing-Mei Li, Feng-Jie Guo, Ya Liu, Yang-Fei Tong, Xi-Chun Pan, Xiao-Lan Lu, Wen Ye, Xiao-Hong Chen, Hai-Gang Zhang
The forkhead/winged helix transcription factor (Fox) p3 can regulate the expression of various genes, and it has been reported that the transfer of Foxp3-positive T cells could ameliorate cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. Triptolide (TP) can elevate the expression of Foxp3, but its effects on cardiac hypertrophy remain unclear. In the present study, neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVM) were isolated and stimulated with angiotensin II (1 μmol/L) to induce hypertrophic response. The expression of Foxp3 in NRVM was observed by using immunofluorescence assay...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Huilei Cheng, Yanqin Xi, Xianna Chi, Yanxia Wu, Guizhi Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the curative effect of fenofibrate on rats with experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) and its immunological mechanism. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-four rats were equally randomised into three groups: an EAM group, fenofibrate group, and control group, then a subcutaneous injection of purified pig cardiac myosin was given to the EAM group rats and the fenofibrate group, while equivalent normal saline (NS) was given to the control group...
2016: Central-European Journal of Immunology
Brenda R Malcolm, John J Foxe, John S Butler, Pierfilippo De Sanctis
Aging is associated with reduced abilities to selectively allocate attention across multiple domains. This may be particularly problematic during everyday multitasking situations when cognitively demanding tasks are performed while walking. Due to previous limitations in neuroimaging technology, much remains unknown about the cortical mechanisms underlying resource allocation during locomotion. Here, we utilized an EEG-based mobile brain/body imaging (MoBI) technique that integrates high-density event-related potential (ERP) recordings with simultaneously acquired foot-force sensor data to monitor gait patterns and brain activity concurrently...
August 15, 2015: NeuroImage
José Vassallo, André Fellipe Freitas Rodrigues, Antonio Hugo J F M Campos, Rafael Malagoli Rocha, Isabela Werneck da Cunha, Stênio Cássio Zequi, Gustavo Cardoso Guimarães, Francisco Paulo da Fonseca, Ademar Lopes, Antonio Cubilla, Fernando Augusto Soares
Penile carcinomas (PeCa) are relatively rare, but devastating neoplasms, more frequent among people of underprivileged socioeconomic status. There is mounting evidence that immune cells may trigger various mechanisms that enhance tumor growth and metastasis, but no data on the peritumoral inflammation is available for PeCa. The objectives of the present study are to evaluate the immunohistomorphology of tumoral inflammation in PeCa, and to correlate it with clinicopathological parameters, which could contribute to the prognostic evaluation...
April 2015: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Ying-E Wu, Zhong-Ren Du, Ying-Mu Cai, Wen-Guang Peng, Gao-Zhe Zheng, Geng-Long Zheng, Li-Biao Wu, Ke Li
The expansion of CD4+ CD25+ forkhead box (FOX)P3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells has been observed in patients with Mycobacterium (M.) tuberculosis; however, the mechanism of expansion remains to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of the early secreted antigenic target 6(ESAT‑6) and antigen 85 complex B (Ag85B) from M. tuberculosis on Treg cell expansion. To investigate the sensitivity of peripheral blood cultures to the M. tuberculosis ESAT‑6 and Ag85B antigens, the proportion of circulating CD4+ CD25+ FOXP3+ Treg cells was determined using flow cytometry and the levels of FOXP3 mRNA were determined using reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
April 2015: Molecular Medicine Reports
Min Shi, Jue Wei, Jinbin Dong, Wenying Meng, Jiali Ma, Ting Wang, Na Wang, Yugang Wang
Intrahepatic T helper (Th)17 cytokine and serum interleukin (IL)-17 levels in patients with hepatitis B are positively correlated with the progression of liver cirrhosis (LC). IL-35 can significantly inhibit the differentiation of Th17 cells and the synthesis of IL-17. The present study aimed to investigate the function and expression of IL-17 and IL-35 in the blood of patients with hepatitis B‑related LC. The levels of IL-17 and IL-35 in the peripheral blood of 30 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), 79 with LC, 14 with chronic severe hepatitis B (CSHB), and 20 normal controls were detected by ELISA...
January 2015: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jorg van Loosdregt, Paul J Coffer
Forkhead box (FOX)P3 is a requisite transcription factor for the development and maintenance of immunosuppressive function of regulatory T (Treg) cells, and therefore for immune homeostasis. Post-translational modifications (PTMs) can transiently alter the functionality of transcription factors, and recent evidence reveals that FOXP3 can be regulated by various PTMs including acetylation, ubiquitination, and phosphorylation. Here, we review the current understanding of how these modifications control FOXP3, including regulation of DNA binding, transactivation potential, and proteasomal degradation...
August 2014: Trends in Immunology
Huaying Wang, Huajuan Ying, Shi Wang, Xiao Gu, Yuesong Weng, Weidong Peng, Dajing Xia, Wanjun Yu
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune responses mediated by cluster of differentiation 4(+) T cells may contribute to the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, little is known about the frequency of peripheral blood Th17 cells and of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in Chinese patients with COPD. This study is aimed at determining the frequency of circulating Th17 and Tregs in patients with moderate and severe COPD, heavy smokers and healthy controls (HC). METHOD: The percentages of circulating T-helper type (Th)17 cells and Tregs were determined by flow cytometry in 32 patients with moderate COPD, 33 patients with severe COPD, 35 smokers, and 31 HC...
July 2015: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Birgit Tsaknakis, Inga-Marie Schaefer, Harald Schwörer, Carsten-Oliver Sahlmann, Kai-Martin Thoms, Martina Blaschke, Giuliano Ramadori, Silke Cameron
Even though ipilimumab is a promising antibody used for stage IV melanoma therapy, the response varies and is difficult to predict. We here report on a case of successful treatment with ipilimumab in dacarbazine-resistant metastatic malignant melanoma, including a review of the literature on the long-term treatment results. A 62-year-old patient with a history of a resected lentigo-maligna melanoma 5 years earlier and parotideal metastasis 1 year before was admitted with a newly detected 3.5 cm liver metastasis...
January 2014: Medical Oncology
Enrico Conte, Elisa Gili, Mary Fruciano, Evelina Fagone, Carlo Vancheri
Aim of this study was to evaluate functional modifications induced by human lung fibroblasts in co-cultured CD4(+) T lymphocytes. CD4(+) T cells, resting or stimulated with ionomycin/PMA for 6h, were co-cultured with fibroblasts isolated from pulmonary biopsies, in contact or separated by a semi-permeable membrane. The expression of CD25, CTLA-4, TGF-β, IFNγ, IL-2, IL-4, IL-10 and Foxp3 was evaluated by flow cytometric analysis. Fibroblasts induced a significant increment in CD25(+) cells in co-cultured activated CD4(+) T lymphocytes separated by a membrane...
September 2013: Cellular Immunology
D M Moldaver, M S Bharhani, J N Wattie, R Ellis, H Neighbour, C M Lloyd, M D Inman, M Larché
In the present study, we show therapeutic amelioration of established ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic airway disease following house dust mite (HDM) peptide therapy. Mice were sensitized and challenged with OVA and HDM protein extract (Dermatophagoides species) to induce dual allergen sensitization and allergic airway disease. Treatment of allergic mice with peptides derived from the major allergen Der p 1 suppressed OVA-induced airway hyperresponsiveness, tissue eosinophilia, and goblet cell hyperplasia upon rechallenge with allergen...
March 2014: Mucosal Immunology
Mariam Al Shamsi, Allen Shahin, Yoichiro Iwakura, Miodrag L Lukic, Eric P K Mensah-Brown
Toll like receptors are primary sensors of both innate and adaptive immune systems. They activate APCs and influence T-cell function in inflammatory autoimmune response. Studies have shown that TLR manipulation may lead to either tolerance or trigger autoimmunity. Using diabetogenic and subdiabetogenic multiple low doses of streptozotocin, we demonstrate here that Pam3 CYS-CK4 a TLR-2 agonist, enhances and promotes diabetes in C57BL/6 male mice following increased apoptosis of β islet cells. FACS analysis of isolated pancreatic lymph node cells revealed significant increased number of macrophages, dendritic cells, CD4(+) TNF-α(+), CD4(+) IFN-γ(+) and most significantly, CD4(+) IL-17(+) and reduced number of CD25(+)Fox p3(+) T cells after Pam3CSK4 treatment...
October 2013: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
Mayank Kinger, Jeong Hoon Park, Min Goo Hur, Sang Wook Kim, Seung Dae Yang
A series of novel analogues of 1,3-diarylprop-2-en-1-one (3a-m) were synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory activity of FOX P3 gene expression and apoptosis in CD4(+)T cells that had been isolated from the spleen of 8 to 10 weeks old mice. The structure-activity relationship (SAR) of the R1 and R2 modification was studied to identify a candidate with the maximum potency. Of these compounds, 3d showed the highest inhibitory activity of FOX P3 gene expression and apoptosis (66.5 % inhibition at 10 μM)...
December 2013: Medicinal Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"