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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087286/incidence-and-survival-outcome-according-to-heart-rhythm-during-resuscitation-attempt-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-patients-with-presumed-cardiac-etiology
#1
Shahzleen Rajan, Fredrik Folke, Steen Møller Hansen, Carolina Malta Hansen, Kristian Kragholm, Thomas A Gerds, Freddy K Lippert, Lena Karlsson, Sidsel Møller, Lars Køber, Gunnar H Gislason, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Mads Wissenberg
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about heart rhythm conversion from non-shockable to shockable rhythm during resuscitation attempt after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and following chance of survival is limited and inconsistent. METHODS: We studied 13,860 patients with presumed cardiac-caused OHCA not witnessed by the emergency medical services from the Danish Cardiac Arrest Register (2005-2012). Patients were stratified according to rhythm: shockable, converted shockable (based on receipt of subsequent defibrillation) and sustained non-shockable rhythm...
January 10, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087097/quick-epinephrine-administration-induces-favorable-neurological-outcomes-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-patients
#2
H Ueta, H Tanaka, S Tanaka, R Sagisaka, H Takyu
OBJECTIVE: This research is to study if quick administration of adrenaline on OHCA prior to hospitalization has an effect on improving CPC1-2 at one month. METHODOLOGY: A total 13,326 cases were extracted from 2011 to 2014 Utstein data for this retrospective cohort study, also, EMT reached the patients within 16min after 119 called and adrenaline was then administered within 22min of after contact. PATIENTS DIVIDED INTO TWO GROUPS: Patients were contacted within 8min of the 119 call (n=6956), and were contacted between 8 and 16min after the call (n=6370)...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069252/within-summer-variation-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-due-to-extremely-long-sunshine-duration
#3
Daisuke Onozuka, Akihito Hagihara
BACKGROUND: Although several studies have reported the impacts of extremely high temperatures on cardiovascular diseases, no studies have examined whether variation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) due to extremely long sunshine duration changes during the summer. METHODS: We obtained daily data on all cases of OHCA and weather variations for all 47 prefectures of Japan during the summer (June to September) between 2005 and 2014. A distributed lag non-linear model combined with a quasi-Poisson regression model was used to estimate within-summer variation in OHCA due to extremely long sunshine duration for each prefecture...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057527/use-of-early-head-ct-following-out-of-hospital-cardiopulmonary-arrest
#4
Alexandra S Reynolds, Elizabeth Matthews, Jessica Magid-Bernstein, Ashley Rodriguez, Soojin Park, Jan Claassen, Sachin Agarwal
AIM: Neurological emergencies can lead to cardiac arrest, and post-arrest patients can develop life-threatening neurological abnormalities. This study aims to estimate and characterize the use of early head CT (HCT), and its potential impact on post-resuscitation management. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed 213 adults who suffered an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and survived for at least 24h. Demographics were collected and arrest-related variables were documented...
January 3, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051284/analysis-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-croatia-survival-bystander-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-impact-of-physician-s-experience-on-cardiac-arrest-management-a-single-center-observational-study
#5
Anita Lukić, Ileana Lulić, Dinka Lulić, Zoran Ognjanović, Davorin Cerovečki, Siniša Telebar, Ivica Mašić
AIM: To analyze the initial rhythm, bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rate, and survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) in Varaľdin County (Croatia), and to investigate whether physician's inexperience in emergency medical services (EMS) has an impact on resuscitation management. METHODS: We reviewed clinical records and Revised Utstein cardiac arrest forms of all out-of-hospital resuscitations performed by EMS Varaľdin (EMSVz), Croatia, from 2007-2013...
December 31, 2016: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045336/hyperglycaemia-in-comatose-survivors-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#6
Juan J Russo, Tyler E James, Benjamin Hibbert, F Daniel Ramirez, Trevor Simard, Christina Osborne, Jordan Bernick, George A Wells, Michel R Le May
BACKGROUND: The optimal blood glucose target during the early hospitalisation of comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) has not been established. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, we examined clinical outcomes in relation to mean blood glucose during the first 96 hours of hospital admission in comatose survivors of OHCA with an initial shockable rhythm. Mean blood glucose was assessed as a continuous (primary analysis) and categorical variable: <6 mmol/L, 6 to <8 mmol/L and ⩾8 mmol/L...
December 1, 2016: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045031/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-risk-attributable-to-temperature-in-japan
#7
Daisuke Onozuka, Akihito Hagihara
Several studies have estimated the associations between extreme temperatures and mortality and morbidity; however, few have investigated the attributable fraction for a wide range of temperatures on the risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). We obtained daily records of OHCA cases in the 47 Japanese prefectures between 2005 and 2014. We examined the relationship between OHCA and temperature for each prefecture using a Poisson regression model combined with a distributed lag non-linear model. The estimated prefecture-specific associations were pooled at the nationwide level using a multivariate random-effect meta-analysis...
January 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025218/non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-use-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-nationwide-case-time-control-study
#8
Kathrine B Sondergaard, Peter Weeke, Mads Wissenberg, Anne-Marie Schjerning Olsen, Emil L Fosbol, Freddy K Lippert, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar H Gislason, Fredrik Folke
AIMS: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used and have been associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Nonetheless, it remains unknown whether use of NSAIDs is associated with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS AND RESULTS: From the nationwide Danish Cardiac Arrest Registry, all persons with OHCA during 2001-2010 were identified. NSAID use 30 days before OHCA was categorized as follows: diclofenac, naproxen, ibuprofen, rofecoxib, celecoxib, and other...
December 26, 2016: European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024548/canadian-cardiovascular-society-canadian-cardiovascular-critical-care-society-canadian-association-of-interventional-cardiology-position-statement-on-the-optimal-care-of-the-postarrest-patient
#9
Graham C Wong, Sean van Diepen, Craig Ainsworth, Rakesh C Arora, Jean G Diodati, Mark Liszkowski, Michael Love, Chris Overgaard, Greg Schnell, Jean-Francois Tanguay, George Wells, Michel Le May
Out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is associated with a low rate of survival to hospital discharge and high rates of neurological morbidity among survivors. Programmatic efforts to institute and integrate OHCA best care practices from the bystander response through to the in-hospital phase have been associated with improved patient outcomes. This Canadian Cardiovascular Society position statement was developed to provide comprehensive yet practical recommendations to guide the in-hospital care of OHCA patients...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012882/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-without-return-of-spontaneous-circulation-in-the-field-who-are-the-survivors
#10
Yan Xiong, Hong Zhan, Yuanzheng Lu, Kaipan Guan, Ngozi Okoro, Denise Mitchell, Megan Dwyer, Auna Leatham, Gilberto Salazar, Xiaoxing Liao, Ahamed Idris
BACKGROUND: Return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in the field is a vital determinant contributing to survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, nearly one third of survivors at the Dallas-Fort Worth (DFW) Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) site did not obtain ROSC in the field. METHODS: A retrospective, observational analysis was performed on all adult patients with non-traumatic OHCA treated on scene and transported to hospital, who did not gain ROSC in the field at DFW ROC site between 2006 through 2011...
December 21, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008683/non-traumatic-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-rural-taiwan-a-retrospective-study
#11
Shih-Chang Hung, Ching-Yi Mou, Hung-Chang Hung, Shih-Wei Lai, Chun-Chih Chen, Jui-Wen Lin, Ssu-Hung Wang, Chung-Kuang Chen, Kai-Chun Cheng
OBJECTIVE: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) studies are usually conducted at metropolitan medical centres. Because rural studies are rare, our study aimed to assess non-traumatic OHCA prevalence and resuscitation outcomes in rural Taiwan. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study. SETTING: All seven designated community hospital emergency departments (ED) in Nantou County, Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: All OHCA patients from May 2011 to March 2013...
December 23, 2016: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007504/prognostic-factors-for-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-recipients-following-out-of-hospital-refractory-cardiac-arrest-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Guillaume Debaty, Valentin Babaz, Michel Durand, Lucie Gaide-Chevronnay, Emmanuel Fournel, Marc Blancher, Hélène Bouvaist, Olivier Chavanon, Maxime Maignan, Pierre Bouzat, Pierre Albaladejo, José Labarère
PURPOSE: Association estimates between baseline characteristics and outcomes are imprecise and inconsistent among extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) recipients following refractory out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate the prognostic significance of pre-specified characteristics for OHCA treated with ECPR. METHODS: The Medline electronic database was searched via PubMed for articles published from January 2000 to September 2016...
December 19, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004333/the-relationship-between-the-decreased-rate-of-initial-blood-glucose-and-neurologic-outcomes-in-survivors-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-receiving-therapeutic-hypothermia
#13
Jae-Hyug Woo, Yong Su Lim, Hyuk Jun Yang, Sung Youl Hyun, Jin Seong Cho, Jin Joo Kim, Gun Lee
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors is associated with poor outcomes. However, in the control of initial hyperglycemia, an adequate strategy to improve patients' neurologic outcomes remains undetermined. Prior to the establishment of such strategy, we need to determine whether a decreased rate of initial blood glucose (BG) affects patient outcomes. METHODS: One hundred and forty-five adult non-traumatic OHCA survivors treated with therapeutic hypothermia between April 2007 and December 2011 were enrolled in this single-center retrospective cohort study...
December 21, 2016: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993631/infectious-complications-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-comparison-between-two-target-temperatures
#14
Josef Dankiewicz, Niklas Nielsen, Adam Linder, Michael Kuiper, Matthew P Wise, Tobias Cronberg, David Erlinge, Yvan Gasche, Matthew B Harmon, Christian Hassager, Janneke Horn, Jesper Kjaergaard, Tommaso Pellis, Pascal Stammet, Johan Undén, Michael Wanscher, Jørn Wetterslev, Anders Åneman, Susann Ullén, Nicole P Juffermans, Hans Friberg
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that target temperature management (TTM) increases the probability of infectious complications after cardiac arrest. We aimed to compare the incidence of pneumonia, severe sepsis and septic shock after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in patients with two target temperatures and to describe changes in biomarkers and possible mortality associated with these infectious complications. METHODS: Post-Hoc analysis of the TTM-trial which randomized patients resuscitated from OHCA to a target temperature of 33 °C or 36 °C...
December 16, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992736/factors-associated-with-re-arrest-following-initial-resuscitation-from-cardiac-arrest
#15
Abhishek Bhardwaj, Daniel J Ikeda, Anne V Grossestreuer, Kelsey R Sheak, Gail Delfin, Timothy Layden, Benjamin S Abella, Marion Leary
BACKGROUND: To examine patient- and arrest-level factors associated with the incidence of re-arrest in the hospital setting, and to measure the association between re-arrest and survival to discharge. METHODS: This work represents a retrospective cohort study of adult patients who were successfully resuscitated from an initial out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) or in-hospital cardiac arrest (ICHA) of non-traumatic origin at two urban academic medical centers...
February 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989739/cardiac-arrest-in-schools-nationwide-incidence-risk-and-outcome
#16
Soyun Hwang, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Won Lee, Kyoung Jun Song, Ki Ok Ahn, Yu Jin Kim, Ki Jeong Hong, Young Sun Ro, Eui Jung Lee
AIM: of the study: Schools are an important location for improving OHCA outcome. But there are few data on out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in schools. This study aimed to show incidence and outcome of OHCA in schools, specifying location and activities. METHODS: We used the Korean nationwide OHCA registry from 2008 to 2014. OHCA victims were categorized regarding level of school. The average annual incidence of OHCA was calculated based on per 1000 schools...
October 28, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989737/association-of-brain-metabolites-with-blood-lactate-and-glucose-levels-with-respect-to-neurological-outcomes-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-preliminary-microdialysis-study
#17
Toru Hifumi, Kenya Kawakita, Takeshi Yoda, Tomoya Okazaki, Yasuhiro Kuroda
AIM: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is associated with poor prognosis. Cerebral microdialysis (CMD) is an efficient sampling technique to detect neurochemical changes in brain interstitial tissue. In this retrospective study, we hypothesised that there are different CMD levels between patients with favourable and unfavourable neurological outcomes. METHODS: Data of patients with OHCA admitted to Kagawa University Hospital and administered therapeutic hypothermia (TH) were collected...
October 27, 2016: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988273/the-association-of-maximum-troponin-values-post-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-with-electrocardiographic-findings-cardiac-reperfusion-procedures-and-survival-to-discharge-a-sub-study-of-roc-primed
#18
Laurie J Morrison, Sean M Devlin, Michael C Kontos, Sheldon Cheskes, Tom P Aufderheide, Jim Christenson, Joseph P Ornato, Ian G Stiell, Valeria E Rac, Andrew J Thomas, Jane G Wigginton, Paul Dorian
BACKGROUND: The role of Troponin (Tn) levels in the management of patients post out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is unclear. METHODS: All OHCA patients enrolled in the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Prehospital Resuscitation using an IMpedance valve and Early versus Delayed analysis trial and admitted to hospital with a Tn level and a 12-lead electrocardiogram were stratified by ST elevation (STE) or no STE in a regression model for survival to discharge adjusted for Utstein predictors and site...
February 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987397/prophylactic-versus-clinically-driven-antibiotics-in-comatose-survivors-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-a-randomized-pilot-study
#19
Suada Filekovic Ribaric, Matjaz Turel, Rihard Knafelj, Vojka Gorjup, Rade Stanic, Primoz Gradisek, Ognjen Cerovic, Tomislav Mirkovic, Marko Noc
AIM: To investigate benefits of prophylactic antibiotics in comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: Patients without evidence of tracheobronchial aspiration on admission bronchoscopy were randomized to prophylactic Amoxicillin-Clavulanic acid 1.2g every 8h (P) or clinically-driven antibiotics (C) administered if signs of infection developed during initial 7days of intensive care unit (ICU) stay. RESULTS: Among 83 patients enrolled between September 2013 and February 2015, tracheobronchial aspiration was documented in 23 (28%)...
February 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987396/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-duration-and-survival-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-patients
#20
Frederic Adnet, Mohamed N Triba, Stephen W Borron, Frederic Lapostolle, Hervé Hubert, Pierre-Yves Gueugniaud, Josephine Escutnaire, Aurelien Guenin, Astrid Hoogvorst, Carol Marbeuf-Gueye, Paul-Georges Reuter, Nicolas Javaud, Eric Vicaut, Sylvie Chevret
AIM: Relationship between cardiopulmonary arrest and resuscitation (CPR) durations and survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remain unclear. Our primary aim was to determine the association between survival without neurologic sequelae and cardiac arrest intervals in the setting of witnessed OHCA. METHODS: We analyzed 27,301 non-traumatic, witnessed OHCA patients in France included in the national registry from June 1, 2011 through December 1, 2015...
February 2017: Resuscitation
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