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Amelia Gulliver, Alyssa R Morse, Niah Wilson, Ginny Sargent, Michelle Banfield
Partners in Recovery (PIR) is a nation-wide Australian program designed to improve coordinated care for people with severe and persistent mental health problems. This study evaluated PIR's effectiveness for individual and system-level outcomes. A total of 25 PIR participants (male = 7, female = 15, not stated = 3) provided data for the evaluation of the program across six community mental health service providers in Canberra, Australia. Individual-level measures included quality of life, social inclusion, and perceptions of recovery...
March 5, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Zenon Pogorelic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Fumi Matsui, Muneo Inaba, Kazushige Uchida, Akiyoshi Nishio, Toshiro Fukui, Hideaki Yoshimura, Atsushi Satake, Kazuhiko Yoshioka, Shosaku Nomura, Kazuichi Okazaki
BACKGROUND: Dendritic cells (DCs), primary antigen-presenting cells, are now well known as an immunoregulator of many aspects of immune responses including inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. We have reported that PIR-A/Bhigh cDCs (conventional DCs) appeared in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis and serve as a negative immunoregulator in an animal model of IBD. The immunoregulatory role of PIR-A/B+ cDCs was confirmed in both an in vitro culture system and an in vivo transfer experiment...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology
Shuyuan Shen, Hai Yu, Xiaobai Liu, Yunhui Liu, Jian Zheng, Ping Wang, Wei Gong, Jiajia Chen, Lini Zhao, Yixue Xue
The blood-tumor barrier (BTB) restricts the efficient delivery of anti-glioma drugs to cranial glioma tissues. Increased BTB permeability may allow greater delivery of the therapeutic agents. Increasing evidence has revealed that PIWI proteins and PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) play an important role in tumor progression. However, whether PIWI proteins and piRNAs regulate BTB permeability remains unclear. In the present study, we demonstrated that the PIWIL1/piRNA-DQ593109 (piR-DQ593109) complex was the predominant regulator of BTB permeability...
March 2, 2018: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
Saba Hussain, Faisal Qadir, Pir Sheeraz, M Asad Bilal Awan
Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is a rare cardiac anomaly with wide spectrum of clinical presentation ranging from asymptomatic state to dreadful complications due to compression of vital surrounding structures or aortic dissection. There are only few reported cases of sinus of Valsalva aneurysm presented with cardiac arrhythmias including complete heart block. We herein, present a case of a 50 year male who presented with complete heart block. A large noncoronary sinus of Valsalva aneurysm compressing the surrounding atrioventricular junctional tissue was detected incidentally during echocardiographic study, which was considered to be the cause of patient's complete heart block...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Xiaobai Liu, Jian Zheng, Yixue Xue, Hai Yu, Wei Gong, Ping Wang, Zhen Li, Yunhui Liu
Rationale: PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), a class of newly discovered small RNA molecules that function by binding to the Argonaute protein family (i.e., the PIWIL protein subfamily), and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) are implicated in several cancers. However, the detailed roles of ncRNAs in glioma remain unclear. Methods: The expression of PIWIL3, piR-30188, OIP5-AS1, miR-367, CEBPA and TRAF4 were measured in glioma tissues and cells. The role of PIWIL3/OIP5-AS1/miR-367-3p/CEBPA feedback loop was evaluated in cell and animal models...
2018: Theranostics
Junwei Yan, Ping Lou, Ruiya Li, Jianmin Hu, Ji Xiong
Analysis of the multiple factors affecting human identification ability based on pyroelectric infrared technology is a complex problem. First, we examine various sensed pyroelectric waveforms of the human body thermal infrared signal and reveal a mechanism for affecting human identification. Then, we find that the mechanism is decided by the distance, human target, pyroelectric infrared (PIR) sensor, the body type, human moving velocity, signal modulation mask, and Fresnel lens. The mapping relationship between the sensed waveform and multiple influencing factors is established, and a group of mathematical models are deduced which fuse the macro factors and micro factors...
February 16, 2018: Sensors
Congcong Cao, Yujiao Wen, Xiaoli Wang, Na Fang, Shuiqiao Yuan, Xunbin Huang
PURPOSE: PIWI-interacting RNA (piRNA) is a sub-group of small RNAs about 30 nucleotides length which specifically expressed in mammalian germ cells. Although piRNAs play pivotal roles in spermatogenesis regulation, little is known in the testicular tissues of infertile men. To explore whether piRNA profile could serve as a biomarker for male infertility diagnosis in a clinic, in this study, we systematically investigated the expression profile of piRNAs in testicular tissues from the patients with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) between successful and unsuccessful sperm retrieval before micro-dissection testicular sperm extraction (micro-TESE)...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Genaro A Coria-Avila, Tamara Cibrian-Llanderal, Victor X Díaz-Estrada, Luis I García, Rebeca Toledo-Cárdenas, James G Pfaus, Jorge Manzo
Sexual preferences can be strongly modified by Pavlovian learning. For instance, olfactory conditioned same-sex partner preference can occur when a sexually naïve male cohabits with an scented male during repeated periods under the effects of enhanced D2-type activity. Preference is observed days later via social and sexual behaviors. Herein we explored brain activity related to learned same-sex preference (Fos-Immunoreactivity, IR) following exposure to a conditioned odor paired with same-sex preference. During conditioning trials males received either saline or the D2-type receptor agonist quinpirole (QNP) and cohabitated during 24 h with a stimulus male that bore almond scent on the back as conditioned stimulus...
February 16, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
Simon A Hinke, Anne M Cieniewicz, Thomas Kirchner, Katharine D'Aquino, Rupesh Nanjunda, Jason Aligo, Robert Perkinson, Philip Cooper, Ken Boayke, Mark L Chiu, Steve Jarantow, Eilyn R Lacy, Yin Liang, Dana L Johnson, Jean M Whaley, Russell B Lingham, Anthony J Kihm
OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance is a key feature of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D), and improving insulin sensitivity is important for disease management. Allosteric modulation of the insulin receptor (IR) with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) can enhance insulin sensitivity and restore glycemic control in animal models of T2D. METHODS: A novel human mAb, IRAB-A, was identified by phage screening using competition binding and surface plasmon resonance assays with the IR extracellular domain...
February 3, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
Kristina Nadrah, Mateja Pirs, Samo Kreft, Manica Mueller Premru, Bojana Beovic
Decreasing cephalosporin use was described as an effective intervention in decreasing the incidence of infections caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae harbouring extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBLKP). Due to sustained increased levels of infections caused by ESBLKP, a multifaceted antibiotic stewardship intervention aimed to decrease cephalosporin use was carried out at a large medical unit of a teaching hospital. All cephalosporins except the first-generation were restricted and could only be prescribed after authorization by an infectious disease physician...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Chemotherapy
Xiao-Yan Nie, Jun-Lei Li, Si-Bei Qin, Yu Fu, Guang-Kai Liang, Lu-Wen Shi, Hong Shao, Jian Liu, Yun Lu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between PEAR1 (platelet endothelial aggregation receptor-1) polymorphisms and cardiovascular outcomes in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients treated with aspirin and clopidogrel. METHODS: We genotyped eight common PEAR1 SNPs (rs2768759, rs12566888, rs12041331, rs11264579, rs2644592, rs822441, rs822442, and rs4661012), also CYP2C19*2 (rs4244285) and CYP2C19*3 (rs4986893) in 196 Chinese patients with ACS. We assessed the association between PEAR1 polymorphisms and platelet inhibition rate (PIR) measured by thromboelastography (TEG)...
February 1, 2018: Thrombosis Research
Shu-Jun Zhang, Jie Yao, Bao-Zhong Shen, Guang-Bo Li, Shan-Shan Kong, Dan-Dan Bi, Shang-Ha Pan, Bing-Lin Cheng
Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs/piRs) are small non-coding RNAs that can serve important roles in genome stability by silencing transposable genetic elements. piR651, one of these novel piRNAs, regulates a number of biological functions, as well as carcinogenesis. Previous studies have reported that piR651 is overexpressed in human gastric cancer tissues and in several cancer cell lines, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines. However, the role of piRNAs in carcinogenesis has not been clearly defined...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
Akgun Oral, Leyla Karaca, Ali Ahiskalioglu, Abdullah Yildiz, Murat Yigiter, Mehmet Emin Celikkaya, Temirlan Chyndolotov, Ahmet Bedii Salman
PURPOSE: Percutaneous internal ring suturing technique (PIRS) is a minimally invasive technique in pediatric inguinal hernia repair. In the present study, a negative effect on testicular blood flow using PIRS technique has been investigated. METHODS: Forty male patients were included in the study prospectively. Two groups were formed as conventional open surgery (Group I) and PIRS technique (Group II). The resistive index (RI) value of the testicular artery was measured prospectively by using SMI (superb micro-vascular imaging) software with the color doppler ultrasound technique preoperatively and postoperatively at the first month...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Huaxing Wu, Xiaoyu Zheng, Linlin Dong, Chunfeng Li, Mingyue Zhang, Guonian Wang, Kun Wang
Paired immunoglobulin-like receptor B (Pir-B) was an inhibitory receptor expressed on the surfaces of dendritic cells (DCs). Pir-B inhibit T helper (Th) 1 response and induce Th2 cell differentiation, leading to the imbalance of Th1/Th2 cells. However, the role and potential mechanism of Pir-B on the balance of Th17/regulatory T cells (Tregs) is still largely unknown in lung cancer murine model. In the present study, the DC function and Th17/Treg balance were destroyed during the progression of lung cancer and this was accompanied by an increased expression of Pir-B...
December 29, 2017: Oncotarget
Wenhao Weng, Na Liu, Yuji Toiyama, Masato Kusunoki, Takeshi Nagasaka, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Qing Wei, Huanlong Qin, Haifan Lin, Yanlei Ma, Ajay Goel
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) may be important epigenetic regulators of gene expression in human cancers; however, their functional and clinical significance in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unknown. METHODS: We performed piRNA expression profiling in paired cancer and normal tissues through small RNA-sequencing. The clinical significance of candidate piRNAs was investigated, and independently validated in 771 CRC patients from three independent cohorts...
January 30, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Linda S Geiss, Kai McKeever Bullard, Ralph Brinks, Annika Hoyer, Edward W Gregg
Objective: To examine recent trends in type 2 diabetes detection among adults in the USA. Research design and methods: We used data from the 1999-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys on non-pregnant adults (aged ≥18 years) not reporting a diagnosis of diabetes (n=16 644 participants, averaging about 2000 for each 2-year cycle). We defined undiagnosed diabetes as a fasting plasma glucose ≥126 mg/dL or a hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5% (48 mmol/mol)...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
Sandrine Logerot, Magali Rancez, Bénédicte Charmeteau-de Muylder, Suzanne Figueiredo-Morgado, Sandra Rozlan, Giuseppe Tambussi, Stéphanie Beq, Anne Couëdel-Courteille, Rémi Cheynier
OBJECTIVES: Recombinant Human IL-7 (rhIL-7) therapy allows reconstituting systemic and tissue-associated CD4 T-cell populations in HIV-infected poor immunological responder (PIR) patients. However, in vitro studies suggest that the impact of rhIL-7 treatment on HIV-DNA loads in vivo remains questionable. DESIGN: We assessed the dynamics of circulating HIV-DNA loads in IL-7-treated HIV-infected PIR individuals. METHODS: Forty-one rhIL-7-treated and 16 control participants from the INSPIRE-3 clinical trial were included...
January 23, 2018: AIDS
Kim E M van Kessel, Kirstin A van der Keur, Lars Dyrskjøt, Ferran Algaba, Naeromy Y C Welvaart, Willemien Beukers, Ulrika Segersten, Bastian Keck, Tobias Maurer, Tatjana Simic, Marcus Horstmann, Marc-Oliver Grimm, Gregers G Hermann, Karin Mogensen, Arndt Hartmann, Niels Harving, Astrid C Petersen, Jørgen B Jensen, Kerstin Junker, Joost L Boormans, Francisco X Real, Núria Malats, Per-Uno Malmström, Torben F Ørntoft, Ellen C Zwarthoff
Purpose: The European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) recommend risk stratification based on clinicopathologic parameters. Our aim was to investigate the added value of biomarkers to improve risk stratification of NMIBC. Experimental Design: We prospectively included 1,239 patients in follow-up for NMIBC in six European countries. Fresh-frozen tumor samples were analyzed for GATA2, TBX2, TBX3 , and ZIC4 methylation and FGFR3, TERT, PIK3CA , and RAS mutation status...
January 24, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Dan Yang, Bin Xu, Kaiyou Rao, Weihua Sheng
Indoor occupants' positions are significant for smart home service systems, which usually consist of robot service(s), appliance control and other intelligent applications. In this paper, an innovative localization method is proposed for tracking humans' position in indoor environments based on passive infrared (PIR) sensors using an accessibility map and an A-star algorithm, aiming at providing intelligent services. First the accessibility map reflecting the visiting habits of the occupants is established through the integral training with indoor environments and other prior knowledge...
January 24, 2018: Sensors
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