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Laser hypopharynx

F von Scotti, M Kapsreiter, C Scherl, H Iro, C Bohr
OBJECTIVE: After that the establishment of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for head and neck cancer has been adopted in North America, it has also recently been adopted in Europe. In these parts, transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) is widely applied. The aim of the study was to identify the absolute number of operations amenable to TORS at a TORS initiating institution on the basis of all former TLM cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All laser surgery procedures from May 2004 to April 2013 (108 months) were initially retrospectively registered; after that, all stage pT1 and pT2 squamous cell carcinomas of the oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx were selected...
May 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Isabelle Fini Storchi, Steven Parker, Francesca Bovis, Stefano Benedicenti, Andrea Amaroli
Snoring is a sleep phenomenon due to the partial upper airway obstruction during sleep which causes vibration of the tissues of the rhino-oro-hypopharynx and less frequently the larynx. This study evaluated the use and effectiveness of the erbium:YAG 2940-nm laser as an adjunctive in providing treatment for patients suffering from chronic snoring-related sleep disorders. A prospective study of 40 consecutive patients with snoring and sleep disorders was performed, assessing data before and after three Er:YAG laser treatment sessions...
February 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Li-Ting Hung, Hsin-I Huang, Ling-Wei Wang, Muh-Hwa Yang, Pen-Yuan Chu
OBJECTIVE: Transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) is an alternative method for organ preservation in squamous cell carcinoma of hypopharynx (HPSCC). The purpose of this study was to analyze the oncologic results and quality of life (QOL) in HPSCC patients after TLM. METHODS: Forty-six patients who underwent TLM were included, 34 of them had QOL evaluations. The QOL analyses were measured with EORTC QLQ-C-30, QLQ-H&N35, VHI-30, and MDADI at least 6 months postoperatively...
February 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Lalee Varghese, John Mathew, Subhashini John, Anand Job
INTRODUCTION: Radical laryngeal surgeries for extensive laryngeal and hypopharyngeal tumors often require a permanent tracheostomy, which has an immense impact on the quality of life of patients. A minimally invasive technique such as transoral laser microresection (TLM) followed by radiotherapy can preserve the functions of the voice and swallowing. The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of laser debulking in the treatment of carcinoma of the larynx and hypopharynx, to evaluate the response of the tumor to subsequent radiotherapy, and also to assess the usefulness of laser in avoiding tracheostomy and functional preservation of the voice and swallowing...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Héliton S Antunes, Daniel Herchenhorn, Isabele A Small, Carlos M M Araújo, Celia Maria Pais Viégas, Gabriela de Assis Ramos, Fernando L Dias, Carlos G Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The impact of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to prevent oral mucositis in patients treated with exclusive chemoradiation therapy remains unknown. This study evaluated the overall, disease-free and progression-free survival of these patients. METHODS: Overall, disease-free and progression-free survival of 94 patients diagnosed with oropharynx, nasopharynx, and hypopharynx cancer, who participated on a phase III study, was evaluated from 2007 to 2015. The patients were subjected to conventional radiotherapy plus cisplatin every 3weeks...
August 2017: Oral Oncology
Bernhard G Weiss, Friedrich Ihler, Hendrik A Wolff, Simon Schneider, Martin Canis, Wolfgang Steiner, Christian Welz
BACKGROUND: The oncologic and functional outcome of transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) for primary treatment of hypopharyngeal cancer was examined in a multimodal treatment concept. METHODS: Two hundred eleven patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the hypopharynx (pT1-4a, pN0-2, M0) were treated by TLM +/- neck dissection (88%) +/- (chemo)radiotherapy ([C]RT; 51%). The majority of cases were advanced stages III and IVa (85%). RESULTS: The 5-year Kaplan-Meier estimates for local control after TLM were pT category-related 88...
August 2017: Head & Neck
Eduardo Breda, Raquel Catarino, Eurico Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: Cancer of the hypopharynx remains one of the most challenging chapters in head and neck oncology. The objective of this study is to ascertain the relevance of a transoral laser approach as a valid functional option for treatment of cancer of the hypopharynx in Portugal, and additionally, to confirm the reproducibility of survival and functional outcomes described in other reference centers. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The outcomes of 37 out of 60 patients presenting hypopharyngeal carcinoma primarily treated by TLM (transoral laser microsurgery) and neck dissection and or adjuvant treatment when needed, with curative intention in tertiary referral center, were retrospectively evaluated and compared with published results...
January 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Carlos Miguel Chiesa Estomba, Frank Alberto Betances Reinoso, Alejandra Osorio Velasquez, Jose Luis Rodriguez Fernandez, Jose Luis Fariña Conde, Carmelo Santidrian Hidalgo
INTRODUCTION: Transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) has won territory in larynx oncology, establishing itself as an effective option in treatment of glottic, supraglottic, and hypopharynx tumors. Its advantages include limited resections, a reduction in number of tracheostomies, and the use of nasogastric tubes. Moreover, its oncological benefits are similar to those from open surgery in patients with early or advanced stages, when correctly selected. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to review oncologic outcomes obtained with the treatment of a series of glottic tumors, treated by TLM...
July 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Ayman Ads, Frederic Auerbach, Kelly Ryan, Abdel R El-Ganzouri
We report the successful use of the Air-Q laryngeal airway (Air-Q LA) as a ventilatory device and a conduit for tracheal intubation to rescue the airway in a patient with difficult airway and tracheal stenosis. This is the first case report of the device to secure the airway after two episodes of hypoxemia in the operating room and intensive care unit. Consent for submission of this case report was obtained from our institution's human studies institutional review board given that the patient died a few months after his discharge from the hospital before his personal consent could be obtained and before preparation of this report...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Carlos Miguel Chiesa Estomba, Frank Alberto Betances Reinoso, Alejandra Osorio Velasquez, Jose Luis Rodriguez Fernandez, Jose Luis Fariña Conde, Carmelo Santidrian Hidalgo
Introduction Transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) has established itself as an effective option in the management of malignant tumors of the glottis, supraglottis, and hypopharynx. Nonetheless, TLM is not a harmless technique. Complications such as bleeding, dyspnea, or ignition of the air may appear in this type of surgery. Objective The aim of this study is to describe the complications that occurred in a group of patients treated for glottic and supraglottic carcinomas in all stages by TLM. Methods This study is a retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of the glottis and supraglottis for all stages (T1, T2, T3, T4), N -/ + , M -/+ treated with TLM between January 2009 and March 2012 in a tertiary hospital...
April 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Shun-Ichi Chitose, Kiminori Sato, Mioko Fukahori, Shintaro Sueyoshi, Takashi Kurita, Takeharu Ono, Buichiro Shin, Ryota Mihashi, Hirohito Umeno
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) for hypopharyngeal cancer results in a lower incidence of complications than conventional open surgery. However, additional knowledge regarding the histoanatomical characteristics of the hypopharynx is necessary to prevent severe complications during TLM. The purpose of this study is to investigate the histoanatomical characteristics of the hypopharynx for TLM. STUDY DESIGN: Histoanatomical study. METHODS: Whole organ serial sections of three hypopharynges and larynges from autopsy cases were subjected to hematoxylin & eosin and Elastica van Gieson staining...
August 2016: Laryngoscope
Héliton S Antunes, Luciene Fontes Schluckebier, Daniel Herchenhorn, Isabele A Small, Carlos M M Araújo, Celia Maria Pais Viégas, Mariana P Rampini, Elza M S Ferreira, Fernando L Dias, Vanessa Teich, Nelson Teich, Carlos G Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis is a major event increasing treatment costs of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients treated with chemoradiation (CRT). This study was designed to estimate the cost-effectiveness of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to prevent oral mucositis in HNSCC patients receiving CRT. METHODS: From June 2007 to December 2010, 94 patients with HNSCC of nasopharynx, oropharynx, and hypopharynx entered a prospective, randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled, phase III trial...
January 2016: Oral Oncology
Astrid Wolf-Magele, Johannes Schnabl, Christoph Url, Roland Sedivy, Georg Mathias Sprinzl
BACKGROUND: The spindle cell lipoma (SCL) is a special type of lipoma and this is very rare in the head and neck regions. There are only five reported cases exist, which describes the occurrence of a SCL in the hypopharynx. METHODS: Our case report presents a case of a very large SCL in the larynx. We want to describe that how we treated the patients and compared the situation with other reported cases. RESULTS: Intraoperatively, we found a tumor mass of 7 × 5 cm...
February 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Bartosz Szybiak, Andrzej Marszałek, Łukasz Łuczewski, Pawel Golusinski, Jakub Pazdrowski, Ewa Majchrzak, Piotr Pieńkowski, Wojciech Golusinski
Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis is an increasingly common disease which leads to organic and functional limitations. Clinical symptoms depend on the location and extent of the papillomatosis. They include hoarseness, cough, and, in some cases, significant narrowing of the respiratory and digestive tracts. The present report describes a fatal case of a young man (28 years old) who developed a very dynamic papilloma infection of the larynx, which spread to the trachea, the oesophagus, the soft tissues of the neck, and the mediastinum...
March 2015: Polish Journal of Pathology: Official Journal of the Polish Society of Pathologists
Balazs B Lörincz, Chia-Jung Busch, Nikolaus Möckelmann, Rainald Knecht
Over the past 5 years, transoral robotic surgery (TORS) has become well established as one of the standard treatment options for T1 and T2 oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Besides this main indication, TORS can provide with improved access to other subsites of the upper aerodigestive tract as well, such as the supraglottic larynx and the hypopharynx, with superior visibility and maneuverability to that of transoral laser microsurgery (TOLM). Since September 2011, over one hundred TORS procedures have been performed at our institution, predominantly for oropharyngeal cancer...
October 2015: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
S Mattheis, S Lang
INTRODUCTION: Within the last years transoral robotic surgery (TORS) with endoscopic visualization and surgery has gained importance in the resection of head and neck tumors and is an alternative to transoral laser microsurgery. The further development of transoral endoscopic systems should enhance the surgical options and reduce the surgery related morbidity. Thus, we evaluated a new flexible endoscopy system in cadaver -dissections. METHODS: In March 2014 we performed all standard procedures of transoral tumor surgery in the oropharynx, hypopharynx and larynx in 3 fresh cadaveric specimens using the Medrobotics Flex(®) System...
January 2015: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Ryan S Jackson, James T May, James Norman, Tapan A Padhya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2013: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Chin-Lung Kuo, Tsung-Lun Lee, Pen-Yuan Chu
CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic laser microsurgery (ELM) provides comparable oncological outcomes, and improved functional recovery and laryngeal preservation compared with open partial laryngopharyngectomy (OPLP) in patients with early squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx (HPSCC). The use of open surgery is declining. The outcome of the study provides evidence-based recommendations for surgical choices in HPSCC treatment. However, it is not conclusive without a larger prospective study...
October 2013: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Manuel Bernal-Sprekelsen, José-Luis Blanch, Miguel Caballero-Borrego, Isabel Vilaseca
The goal of the study was to identify parameters helpful to define a learning curve for laser microsurgery (TLM). 587 patients with malignant tumors of larynx and hypopharynx treated with TLM were divided into groups depending on the number of interventions their surgeons had performed. Outcome measures were obtained for the number of revision surgeries and complications, rates for tumor-free margins, tumor relapse and disease-specific survival rates for early and advanced tumors, serving to evaluate their potential influence on the learning curve...
February 2013: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Sultan Pradhan, Marzi Mehta, Arsheed Hakeem, Jagadish Tubachi, R Kannan
The advent of transoral microlaryngoscopic laser surgery is making a significant impact on treatment decisions in the management of early squamous cancers of the larynx and the hypopharynx. It has, to a great extent replaced the conventional open partial laryngectomy procedures. Moreover many cancers of the larynx or the hypopharynx that were earlier being treated with radiation therapy are now resected transorally with the CO(2) laser. This article focuses on the progress of transoral laser microsurgery in the management of early larygopharyngeal cancers...
April 2010: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
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