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Satish Nair, Sharad Mohan, Ajith Nilakantan, Atul Gupta, Akshat Malik, Abhishek Gupta
The efficacy of the whole body (WB) (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) as a part of conventional initial staging in all cases of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is still controversial with various studies in literature giving contradictory reports. We conducted this study at a government tertiary care oncology center in India to identify the impact of WB (18)F-FDG PET-CT scan on HNSCC staging and treatment. A prospective clinical study of patients of HNSCC who were evaluated and treated at our center was performed...
January 2015: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
S Fox
INTRODUCTION: Transnasal gastroscopy is a far more acceptable form of gastroscopy to the patient, with benefits including reduced gagging, ability to communicate during the procedure, greater flexibility of endoscope allowing easier visualisation of difficult areas and closer inspection of the laryn x.(1) Due to the smaller working channel, 2.0mm as compared with 2.8 mm of a standard oral gastroscope, the biopsy forceps used in transnasal gastroscopy are smaller, leading to questions about the suitability of transnasal gastroscopy for Barrett's surveillance...
June 2014: Gut
Yanchun Lv, Liping Wang, Sining Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate laryngopharyngeal reflux effect on expression of COX-2mRNA in glottis carcinoma lesion mucosa. METHOD: Forty cases with glottic laryngeal cancer were examined by electronic naspharyngeal laryngoscope and scored by the reflux symptom index (RSI) and the reflux finding score(RFS). Based on the scores, they were divided into two groups:glottic laryngeal cancer with positive reflux(20 cases) and glottic laryn geal cancer with negative reflux (20 cases)...
March 2014: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Martina Haeck, Benjamin Gillmann, Hildegard Janouschek, Michael Grözinger
Hypocapnia through hyperventilation is a well-known procedure in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) to enhance seizure activity. However, it has mostly been applied in an uncontrolled manner. Originally intended for a better management of the supraglottic airway, laryngeal masks are more suited to monitor levels of CO(2) during hyperventilation than face masks and thereby provide for the possibility of controlled hyperventilation (CHV). The impact of CHV was retrospectively studied in 114 consecutive patients; 65 of them had received ECT with CHV and 49 had received ECT with uncontrolled hyperventilation (UHV) directly prior to the time period when the laryneal mask was introduced to the ECT treatment procedure...
November 2011: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
P M Spielmann, S Majumdar, R P Morton
BACKGROUND: Early glottic carcinoma can be managed by radiotherapy and transoral laser microsurgery with similar control and survival rates. The functional and quality of life outcomes of these interventions are therefore important to guide management. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: To compare the different treatment modalities for early glottic carcinoma with respect to quality of life, post-treatment voice character and swallowing outcomes. TYPE OF REVIEW: A systematic review of the literature with defined search strategy...
October 2010: Clinical Otolaryngology
Giovanna Cantarella, Silvia Viglione, Stella Forti, Lorenzo Pignataro
OBJECTIVE: Laryngeal hemiplegia, also known as vocal fold paralysis, causes severe communicative disability. Although voice therapy is commonly considered to be beneficial for improving the voice quality in several voice disorders, there are only a few papers that present scientific evidence of the effectiveness of voice therapy in treating the disabilities of laryngeal hemiplegia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of voice therapy in patients with laryngeal hemiplegia and to evaluate the role of the time gap between onset of laryngeal hemiplegia and initiation of therapy...
May 2010: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Seung Won Lee, Jae Wook Kim, Chan Hee Chung, Ji Oh Mok, Sung Shine Shim, Yoon Woo Koh, Eun Chang Choi
BACKGROUND: This prospective study investigated the efficacy of injection laryn-goplasty in the management of postthyroidectomy vocal cord paralysis (VCP). METHODS: From March 2005 to December 2008, 174 consecutive injection laryngoplasties were performed in patients with unilateral glottic insufficiency. This included 34 patients with post-thyroidectomy VCP: 15 with temporary VCP and 19 with permanent VCP. Percutaneous injection was performed under local anesthesia into the vocalis muscle, using disposable 25G-long needles through the cricothyroid membrane or directly through the thyroid cartilage...
May 2010: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Jing Guo, Xue-mei Gao, Xiang-long Zeng
OBJECTIVE: To approach the correlation of upper airway and surrounding tissues with body mass index (BMI) of non-apnea aged males. METHODS: Thirty-one non-apnea aged from 70 years to 84 years males (all were inspected by polysomnography and apnea hyponea index < 10 times/hour) had magnetic resonance imaging scanned. In images of MRI, the upper airway was divided into four sections, including nasopharynx, velopharynx, glossopharynx and laryn-gopharynx. The sizes, forms and surrounding tissues were measured and correlation analysis of duality vaniable about upper airway and surrounding tissues with BMI were carried out...
February 2008: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
Bruce A Staats, James P Utz, Clement J Michet
Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rare disease causing inflammation and destruction of cartilage and other connective tissues. Specific laboratory aberrations are lacking. Predominant clinical manifestations include auricular chondritis, polyarthritis, nasal chondritis, ocular inflammation, audiovestibular damage, and respiratory tract chondritis. A relapsing course is characteristic. Airways are involved in 50% of patients and may cause dyspnea, stridor, wheezing, hoarseness, aphonia, and laryneal or tracheal tenderness...
April 2002: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1962: Monatsschrift Für Ohrenheilkunde und Laryngo-Rhinologie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 1955: Zeitschrift Für ärztliche Fortbildung
Lei-Qing Zhang, Ya-Fang Mei, Göran Wadell
Adenoviruses are promising vectors for human cancer gene therapy. However, the extensively used adenoviruses serotypes 2 and 5 (Ad2 and Ad5) from species C have a major disadvantage in being highly prevalent; thus, most adults have an immunity against the two viruses. Furthermore, the expression of coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptors for Ad2 and Ad5 varies in different cells. This study aims to identify adenovirus serotypes with specific tropism for endothelial cells and epithelial tumour cells. Comparison of the binding affinities of Ad31, Ad11, Ad5, Ad37, Ad4 and Ad41, belonging to species A-F, respectively, to established cell lines of hepatoma (HepG2), breast cancer (CAMA and MG7), prostatic cancer (DU145 and LNCaP) and laryngeal cancer (Hep2), as well as to endothelial cells (HMEC), was carried out by flow cytometric analysis...
March 2003: Journal of General Virology
H A Yang, K Hozawa, Z M Pan, W Y Ji, Q R Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the advantage of KTP laser cordectomy in the treatment of early glottic carcinoma. METHOD: Follow-up observation on 30 patients who had KTP laser cordectomy and 18 patients who had laryneal split cordectomy was applied, then their postoperative laryngeal structure's change, the quality of voice and the quality of life (QOL) were compared and analyzed. RESULT: The patient group treated by KTP laser grew out a piece of new cord just at the place where it was excised after half a year, and the quality of voice was obviously improved near to norm, and they had higher QOL...
June 2000: Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke za Zhi, Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology
S Grant, S Noble, A Woods, J Murdoch, A Davidson
We have assessed intubating conditions in three groups of 60 ASA I or II patients after induction of anaesthesia with propofol 2 mg kg-1 and remifentanil 0.5, 1.0 or 2.0 micrograms kg-1. Tracheal intubation was graded according to ease of laryn-goscopy, position of the vocal cords, coughing, jaw relaxation and movement of the limbs. Intubation was successful in 80%, 90% and 100% of patients after remifentanil 0.5, 1.0 or 2.0 micrograms kg-1, respectively. Overall intubating conditions were regarded as acceptable in 20%, 50% and 80% of patients, respectively...
October 1998: British Journal of Anaesthesia
I V Komyssarenko, A E Kovalenko, A S Laryn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1993: Klinicheskaia Khirurgiia
T Ferri, R Capra, M Collini, A Cuomo, G Bacchi, L M Gariboldi
A spirometric measurement was carried out on patients with cancer of the laryn before and after surgery for total laryngectomy at the Istituto Policattedra of the University of Parma ENT Clinic. Postoperative spirometry was performed by means of a Vitalograph apparatus with the mouthpiece positioned right over the tracheal opening. The parameters considered were the dynamic respiratory indices (CV/MEVS - MEVS/CV). Forty patients was mostly based on the fact that, prior to laringectomy, all of them had been subjected to a spirometric measurement for aneasthesiologic purposes...
1983: Acta Bio-medica de L'Ateneo Parmense: Organo Della Società di Medicina e Scienze Naturali di Parma
G G Sneĭder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1966: Klinicheskaia Khirurgiia
Y Guerrier, Y Dejean, G Galy, B Serrou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1968: Journal Français D'oto-rhino-laryngologie, Audio-phonologie et Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale
J E Van Laere
The author reports a new case of chronic progressive bulbo-pontine paralysis with deafness. This case differed from other cases previously published on the basis of the later age of onset of labio-glosso-laryn-geal paralysis, by the absence of any vestibular changes despite bilateral involvement of the acoustic centres and above all by the normality of deep tendon reflexes. The author feels that chronic progressive vulvo-pontine paralysis with deafness is a specific individual condition, worthy of consideration as an autonomic clinical entity...
February 1977: Revue Neurologique
O G Neumann
The method of grafting autogenous oral mucous flaps for glottic reconstruction allows a very radical resection of multiple laryneal papillomas. In 13 cases of operated grown up persons after a time between 6 and 37 months there has been no recurrence in the transplantated region and the vocal cords are normal in function.
August 1976: Laryngologie, Rhinologie, Otologie
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