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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245141/a-systematic-review-of-the-state-of-the-literature-on-sexually-exploited-boys-internationally
#1
Melissa Moynihan, Katherine Mitchell, Claire Pitcher, Farinaz Havaei, Max Ferguson, Elizabeth Saewyc
This systematic review assessed the current state of the literature on sexually exploited boys internationally. We aimed to describe what is known about sexual exploitation of boys, identify gaps in the literature, provide implications for practice, and make recommendations for future research. Multiple database searches were conducted using a combination of controlled vocabulary and keywords to capture child and adolescent sexual exploitation. Our search identified 11,099 unique references and excluded studies that did not include male participants less than 18 years old or disaggregate results by relevant age groups and/or by sex...
December 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245092/predictors-of-hospitalization-length-of-stay-among-re-admitted-treatment-resistant-bipolar-disorder-inpatients
#2
M Fornaro, F Iasevoli, S Novello, A Fusco, A Anastasia, D De Berardis, A Valchera, A de Bartolomeis
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization accounts for significant health care resource utilization for treatment-resistant Bipolar Disorder (BD), especially among frequent users of acute inpatient psychiatric units. Appraisal of the clinical features and predictive role of selected variables is therefore crucial in such population, representing the aim of the present research. METHODS: A hundred and nineteen BD inpatients with an established history of pharmacological treatment resistance for either mania or bipolar depression were classified as long hospitalization cases (LOS+) and their controls and compared against each other for a number of demographic, clinical, and psychopathological features...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245090/psychological-distress-and-risk-for-suicidal-behavior-among-university-students-in-contemporary-china
#3
Fang Tang, Majella Byrne, Ping Qin
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and suicidal behavior are important mental health problems among university students and warrant research to inform strategies for effective prevention in this young population. The present study aimed to assess psychological distress and suicidal behavior and to unravel their associations among university students. METHODS: A total of 5972 undergraduate students, randomly selected from six universities in central China, comprised the sample...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245022/cost-effective-way-to-reduce-stimulant-abuse-among-gay-bisexual-men-and-transgender-women-a-randomized-clinical-trial-with-a-cost-comparison
#4
S X Zhang, S Shoptaw, C J Reback, K Yadav, A M Nyamathi
OBJECTIVES: A randomized controlled study was conducted with 422 homeless, stimulant-using gay/bisexual (G/B) men and 29 transgender women (n = 451) to assess two community-based interventions to reduce substance abuse and improve health: (a) a nurse case-managed program combined with contingency management (NCM + CM) versus (b) standard education plus contingency management (SE + CM). STUDY DESIGN: Hypotheses tested included: a) completion of hepatitis A/B vaccination series; b) reduction in stimulant use; and c) reduction in number of sexual partners...
December 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244797/association-between-maternal-hypothyroidism-and-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-the-children
#5
Darios Getahun, Steven J Jacobsen, Michael J Fassett, Deborah A Wing, Anny H Xiang, Vicki Chiu, Morgan R Peltier
OBJECTIVE: To determine if hypothyroidism is associated with ASD and how this association is influenced by race-ethnicity, sex, and timing of exposure. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using records from 397201 children who were delivered from 1991-2011 and remained health plan members from 1993-2014. RESULTS: Children of hypothyroid women had higher ASD rates than children of women without the diagnosis (2.14 vs. 1.62/1000 person-years; and adjusted hazard ratios [adj...
December 15, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244736/frequency-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-and-the-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-japanese-elderly-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-kyoto-kameoka-study
#6
Hinako Nanri, Yosuke Yamada, Aya Itoi, Emi Yamagata, Yuya Watanabe, Tsukasa Yoshida, Motoko Miyake, Heiwa Date, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Takeshi Kikutani, Misaka Kimura
OBJECTIVE: Many previous studies have reported that fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with a reduced risk of various disease, but whether or not their consumption is associated with the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is unclear. The objective of this study was to examine the association between the frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption and the OHRQoL in elderly subjects by sex. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from a population-based Kyoto-Kameoka Study in 2012 of 3112 men and 3439 women (age ≥ 65 years)...
December 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244265/herpes-zoster-and-dementia-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Shu-I Wu, Kuo-You Huang, Yao-Hsu Yang, Ting-Yu Kuo, Hsin-Yi Liang, Kuan-Lun Huang, Michael Gossop
OBJECTIVE: Some infectious diseases have been found to be associated with cognitive impairment and dementia. However, the relationship between herpes zoster and dementia has received little attention. This study aimed to investigate this association as well as associations of antiviral treatments for herpes zoster and incident dementia using a large national sample. METHODS: Cases were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database with a new diagnosis of herpes zoster (ICD-9-CM code: 053) between 1997 and 2013...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244264/personality-traits-and-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders-in-patients-with-medication-overuse-headache-versus-episodic-migraine
#8
Nima Mohseni, Mansooreh Togha, Seyed Masoud Arzaghi, Sepideh Nekooie, Mehrnaz Fallah Tafti, Farzad Fatehi
Objective: An episodic migraine (EM) may lead to medication-overuse headache (MOH), an abnormal behavioral pattern of noncompliance. Anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and disorders caused by psychoactive substances other than analgesics all have been reported with MOH at higher rates than with EM. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationships between personality traits and anxiety and depressive disorders and headache type. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 55 patients with EM and 50 patients with MOH were recruited from were recruited from 2 university hospital clinics in Tehran, Iran, from January 2013 to November 2015...
December 14, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244057/measuring-frailty-in-medicare-data-development-and-validation-of-a-claims-based-frailty-index
#9
Dae Hyun Kim, Sebastian Schneeweiss, Robert J Glynn, Lewis A Lipsitz, Kenneth Rockwood, Jerry Avorn
Background: Frailty is a key determinant of health status and outcomes of health care interventions in older adults that is not readily measured in Medicare data. This study aimed to develop and validate a claims-based frailty index (CFI). Methods: We used data from Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey 2006 (development sample: n = 5,593) and 2011 (validation sample: n = 4,424). A CFI was developed using the 2006 claims data to approximate a survey-based frailty index (SFI) calculated from the 2006 survey data as a reference standard...
December 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243999/efficacy-of-intraoperative-epidural-triamcinolone-application-in-lumbar-microdiscectomy-a-matched-control-study
#10
Martin N Stienen, Holger Joswig, Ivan Chau, Marian C Neidert, David Bellut, Thomas Wälchli, Karl Schaller, Oliver P Gautschi
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the intraoperative application of an epidural steroid (ES) on the decompressed nerve root improves short- and midterm subjective and objective clinical outcomes after lumbar microdiscectomy. METHODS This study was a retrospective analysis of a 2-center database including consecutive cases in which patients underwent lumbar microdiscectomy. All patients who received ES application (40 mg triamcinolone, ES group) were matched by age and sex to patients who had not received ES application (control group)...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243937/long-term-coarse-pm-exposure-is-associated-with-asthma-among-children-in-medicaid
#11
Corinne A Keet, Joshua P Keller, Roger D Peng
RATIONALE: Short and long-term fine particulate matter (PM2.5) pollution is associated with asthma development and morbidity, but there is little data on the effects of long-term exposure to coarse PM (PM10-2.5) on respiratory health. OBJECTIVES: To understand the relationship between long-term fine and coarse PM exposure and asthma prevalence and morbidity among children. METHODS: A semi-parametric regression model that incorporated PM2.5 and PM10 monitor data and geographic characteristics was developed to predict two-year average PM2...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243393/quality-of-life-in-elderly-patients-with-an-ostomy-a-study-from-the-population-based-profiles-registry
#12
N M Verweij, C S Bonhof, A H W Schiphorst, H A Maas, F Mols, A Pronk, M E Hamaker
BACKGROUND: 'Ostomies are being placed frequently in surgically treated elderly colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Having insight into the (potential) impact of 'ostomies on their quality of life (QoL) can be useful in patient counselling as well as in the challenging shared treatment decision making. METHODS: CRC patients diagnosed between 2000-2009 and registered in the population-based Eindhoven Cancer Registry received a QoL questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) in 2010...
December 15, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243272/chronic-kidney-disease-and-coronary-artery-calcification-in-the-brazilian-longitudinal-study-of-adult-health-elsa-brasil
#13
Cheng Suh-Chiou, Rosa M Moysés, Marcio S Bittencourt, Isabela M Bensenor, Paulo A Lotufo
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is a worldwide public health concern due to the increased prevalence the high fatalities related to heart disease in this population. Among novel cardiovascular risk markers, the coronary artery calcification score (CAC) emerged as an independent predictor of cardiovascular events. HYPOTHESIS: We aimed to test if glomerular filtration rate or albuminuria are independently associated with coronary calcification. METHODS: The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health is a cohort of men and women aged 35 to 74 years old addressing cardiovascular diseases...
December 15, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243265/what-motivates-men-to-donate-blood-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#14
REVIEW
A Carver, K Chell, T E Davison, B M Masser
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Effective recruitment and retention of male donors are vital for the ongoing provision of blood products. Compared with females, male donors are less likely to be medically deferred or experience vasovagal reactions and are typically preferred for plasmapheresis donation in voluntary non-remunerated settings. However, females outnumber males among donors aged under 40 years. This systematic review aimed to synthesize evidence and identify key motivators for blood donation among males to inform targeted recruitment/retention campaigns...
December 15, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243156/comfort-eating-and-all-cause-mortality-in-the-us-health-and-retirement-study
#15
Jenna R Cummings, Ashley E Mason, Eli Puterman, A Janet Tomiyama
PURPOSE: Comfort eating is a prevalent behavior. Prior research shows that comfort eating is associated with reduced stress responses and increased metabolic risk across adolescence, young adulthood, and middle adulthood. The purpose of the current research was to test if comfort eating prospectively predicted all-cause mortality in older adulthood. METHOD: The US Health and Retirement Study is an ongoing, nationally representative, longitudinal study of older adults...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243109/hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-uptake-and-retention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-a-community-based-sexual-health-clinic
#16
J Carlo Hojilla, David Vlahov, Pierre-Cedric Crouch, Carol Dawson-Rose, Kellie Freeborn, Adam Carrico
In a community-based clinic serving men who have sex with men in San Francisco, California, this study characterized key steps of the pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) cascade and identified correlates of retention in care. In total, 344 patients were evaluated for PrEP. Three-fourths (78%) of those who sought PrEP services initiated PrEP. The overall cumulative incidence of discontinuing PrEP at 13 months was 38%. Men with a sexually transmitted infection (STI) were 44% less likely to be retained (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 0...
December 14, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243055/population-based-study-suggests-an-increased-risk-of-alzheimer-sdisease-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#17
Po-Chou Liliang, Cheng-Loong Liang, Kang Lu, San-Nan Yang, Meng-Tsang Hsieh, Yi-Cheng Tai, Kuo-Wei Wang
This population-based study was designed to estimate and compare the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) between patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and non-SS patients during a 10-year follow-up period. This is a retrospective cohort study. Data were obtained from the Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. We identified 4463 primary SS patients and 22,315 non-SS patients; patients were matched by sex, age, and the year of index use of health care. Each patient was studied to identify the subsequent manifestation of AD...
December 14, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242985/increasing-risk-of-psychiatric-morbidity-after-childhood-onset-type-1-diabetes-a-population-based-cohort-study
#18
Daniel Dybdal, Janne S Tolstrup, Stine M Sildorf, Kirsten A Boisen, Jannet Svensson, Anne Mette Skovgaard, Grete K Teilmann
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to investigate psychiatric morbidity following childhood onset of type 1 diabetes. METHODS: In a matched, population-based cohort study based on Danish national registers, we identified children and adolescents who had been diagnosed as an in- or outpatient with type 1 diabetes before the age of 18, and afterwards diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder (n = 5084). Control individuals were matched according to sex and date of birth (n = 35,588)...
December 14, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242928/association-of-sex-with-the-global-burden-of-cataract
#19
Lixia Lou, Xin Ye, Peifang Xu, Jingyi Wang, Yufeng Xu, Kai Jin, Juan Ye
Importance: Eye disease burden could help guide health policy making. Differences in cataract burden by sex is a major concern of reducing avoidable blindness caused by cataract. Objective: To investigate the association of sex with the global burden of cataract by year, age, and socioeconomic status using disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). Design, Setting, and Participants: This international, comparative burden-of-disease study extracted the global, regional, and national sex-specific DALY numbers, crude DALY rates, and age-standardized DALY rates caused by cataract by year and age from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015...
December 14, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242751/prevalence-of-non-communicable-disease-risk-factors-in-three-sites-across-papua-new-guinea-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Patricia Rarau, Gwendalyn Vengiau, Hebe Gouda, Suparat Phuanukoonon, Isi H Kevau, Chris Bullen, Robert Scragg, Ian Riley, Geoffrey Marks, Masahiro Umezaki, Ayako Morita, Brian Oldenburg, Barbara McPake, Justin Pulford
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a culturally, environmentally and ethnically diverse country of 7.3 million people experiencing rapid economic development and social change. Such development is typically associated with an increase in non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors. Aim: To establish the prevalence of NCD risk factors in three different regions across PNG in order to guide appropriate prevention and control measures. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken with randomly selected adults (15-65 years), stratified by age and sex recruited from the general population of integrated Health and Demographic Surveillance Sites in West Hiri (periurban), Asaro (rural highland) and Karkar Island (rural island), PNG...
2017: BMJ Global Health
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