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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471364/association-of-early-and-adult-life-socioeconomic-circumstances-with-muscle-strength-in-older-age
#1
Boris Cheval, Matthieu P Boisgontier, Dan Orsholits, Stefan Sieber, Idris Guessous, Rainer Gabriel, Silvia Stringhini, David Blane, Bernadette W A van der Linden, Matthias Kliegel, Claudine Burton-Jeangros, Delphine S Courvoisier, Stéphane Cullati
Background: socioeconomic circumstances (SEC) during a person's lifespan influence a wide range of health outcomes. However, solid evidence of the association of early- and adult-life SEC with health trajectories in ageing is still lacking. This study assessed whether early-life SEC are associated with muscle strength in later life-a biomarker of health-and whether this relationship is caused by adult-life SEC and health behaviours. Methods: we used data from the Survey of Health Ageing and Retirement in Europe, a 12-year population-based cohort study with repeated measurement in six waves (2004-15) and retrospective collection of life-course data...
February 20, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471310/age-related-reduction-of-trunk-muscle-torque-and-prevalence-of-trunk-sarcopenia-in-community-dwelling-elderly-validity-of-a-portable-trunk-muscle-torque-measurement-instrument-and-its-application-to-a-large-sample-cohort-study
#2
Eiji Sasaki, Shizuka Sasaki, Daisuke Chiba, Yuji Yamamoto, Atsushi Nawata, Eiichi Tsuda, Shigeyuki Nakaji, Yasuyuki Ishibashi
Trunk muscle weakness and imbalance are risk factors for postural instability, low back pain, and poor postoperative outcomes. The association between trunk muscle strength and aging is poorly understood, and establishing normal reference values is difficult. We aimed to establish the validity of a novel portable trunk muscle torque measurement instrument (PTMI). We then estimated reference data for healthy young adults and elucidated age-related weakness in trunk muscle strength. Twenty-four university students were enrolled to validate values for PTMI, and 816 volunteers from the general population who were recruited to the Iwaki Health Promotion Project were included to estimate reference data for trunk muscle strength...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470802/male-undergraduates-hpv-vaccination-behavior-implications-for-achieving-hpv-associated-cancer-equity
#3
Hee Yun Lee, Katherine Lust, Suzanne Vang, Jay Desai
Despite the availability of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine for males, uptake of the vaccine has been low, particularly among young adult males. This study aimed to investigate the levels of HPV vaccination and predictors of HPV vaccine completion in college men ages 18-26. We analyzed data from the 2015 College Student Health Survey, which was administered at 17 post-secondary institutions in Midwest areas. We included only responses from male participants who were ages 18-26 years old, resulting in a sample size of 2516...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470721/association-of-ischemic-stroke-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-nationwide-longitudinal-cohort-study
#4
Dong Hyun Lee, Yoon Jin Choi, In-Bo Han, Je Beom Hong, Kyung Do Han, Jung Min Choi, Seil Sohn
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this nationwide age- and sex-matched longitudinal follow-up study was to investigate the risk of developing ischemic stroke in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: The data in this study, spanning from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014, was obtained from a database maintained by the Korean National Health Insurance Service. A total of 12,988 patients with a diagnosis of AS were enrolled. The control group consisted of 64,940 age-sex-stratified matching subjects without AS...
February 22, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470573/factors-associated-with-health-related-quality-of-life-in-medically-and-surgically-treated-patients-with-glaucoma
#5
Cheryl L Khanna, David A Leske, Jonathan M Holmes
Importance: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is often reduced with glaucoma, but associated factors are poorly understood. Objective: To determine factors associated with reduced HRQOL in medically and surgically treated patients with glaucoma. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective cohort study at a tertiary referral glaucoma practice, with 160 consecutive, prospectively enrolled medically or surgically treated adult patients with glaucoma...
February 22, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470512/association-between-hiv-status-and-depressive-symptoms-among-children-and-adolescents-in-the-southern-highlands-zone-tanzania-a-case-control-study
#6
Abraham Lwidiko, Stephen Matthew Kibusi, Azan Nyundo, Bonaventura C T Mpondo
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents continue to have HIV/AIDS in southern Saharan Africa. Scaling up of HIV services has significantly improved access to ARV and consequently improved on morbidity and mortality related to HIV/AIDS including opportunistic infection. Despite the above efforts, non-communicable conditions including mental disorders such as depression have been observed to contribute to the burden of disabilities about which little is documented. This study, therefore, aimed to determine the magnitude of depressive symptoms and the associated factors among HIV-infected children and adolescents...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470498/u-shaped-association-between-sleep-duration-and-urinary-albumin-excretion-in-korean-adults-2011-2014-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#7
Ji Hee Yu, Kyungdo Han, Nam Hoon Kim, Hye Jin Yoo, Ji A Seo, Sin Gon Kim, Kyung Mook Choi, Sei Hyun Baik, Nan Hee Kim
Although sleep duration has been extensively studied in metabolic diseases, few studies have investigated the impact of sleep duration on chronic kidney disease. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between sleep duration and albuminuria in the general population. Among 24,948 adults who participated in the 2011-2014 KNHANES, a total of 19,994 subjects were included in this analysis. Subjects were categorized into the following five groups according to self-reported sleep duration: less than 5 h, 6 h, 7 h, 8 h, and more than 9 h...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470459/prevalence-of-self-reported-hypertension-and-antihypertensive-medication-use-among-adults-aged-%C3%A2-18-years-united-states-2011-2015
#8
Jing Fang, Cathleen Gillespie, Carma Ayala, Fleetwood Loustalot
Hypertension, which affects nearly one third of adults in the United States, is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke (1), and only approximately half of those with hypertension have their hypertension under control (2). The prevalence of hypertension is highest among non-Hispanic blacks, whereas the prevalence of antihypertensive medication use is lowest among Hispanics (1). Geographic variations have also been identified: a recent report indicated that the Southern region of the United States had the highest prevalence of hypertension as well as the highest prevalence of medication use (3)...
February 23, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470122/a-qualitative-comparative-analysis-of-combined-state-health-policies-related-to-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-uptake-in-the-united-states
#9
Megan C Roberts, Taylor Murphy, Jennifer L Moss, Christopher W Wheldon, Wayne Psek
OBJECTIVES: To examine how combinations of state policies, rather than single policies, are related to uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine. METHODS: Using publicly available records and the literature, we characterized policies for each US state and Washington, DC, in 2015 (n = 51), including (1) Medicaid expansion, (2) policies permitting HPV vaccination in pharmacies, (3) school-entry requirements, (4) classroom sex education mandates, and (5) parental education mandates...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469617/are-energy-drinks-scapegoats-decomposing-teenagers-caffeine-intake-from-energy-drinks-and-soda-beverages
#10
Ofir Turel
BACKGROUND: Energy drinks have been repeatedly blamed for contributing to caffeine intake among teenagers. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to estimate and compare the caffeine intake of US teenagers from soda drinks versus energy drinks and shots. METHODS: Data were taken from a 2015 nationally representative survey (Monitoring the Future) of 8th and 10th graders in the US (47.2% 8th grade; 51.1% female). Participants reported their numbers of consumed sodas, diet sodas, energy drinks, and energy shots per day...
February 22, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469016/the-potential-health-and-economic-effects-of-plant-based-food-patterns-in-belgium-and-the-united-kingdom
#11
Janne Schepers, Lieven Annemans
OBJECTIVE: Policymakers increasingly require scientific evidence on both health and economic consequences of different nutritional patterns. The aim of this study was to assess health and economic effects of Mediterranean and soy-containing diets. Selected countries were Belgium and the United Kingdom. METHODS: Cost-effectiveness of these plant-based food patterns was assessed in comparison with a "conventional" diet using an age- and sex-dependent prediction model...
December 15, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468942/perceptions-of-determinants-of-condom-use-behaviors-among-male-clients-of-female-sex-workers-in-indonesia-a-qualitative-inquiry
#12
Nelsensius Klau Fauk, Christina Yeni Kustanti, Debora Shinta Liana, Nina Indriyawati, Rik Crutzen, Lillian Mwanri
This study aimed to explore perceived determinants of condom use behaviors among male clients of female commercial sex workers (FCSWs) in Belu and Malaka districts, Indonesia. One-on-one in-depth interviews guided by the Health Belief Model (HBM) were used to collect the data from participants ( n = 42). The Framework analysis for qualitative data was employed to analyze the data. Results demonstrated several factors associated with lack of and inconsistent condom use among the participants. They included self-perceived risk of contracting HIV infection, knowledge of the severity of HIV illness and its impacts, and condom use: its benefits and its influencing factors...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468844/are-older-adults-with-symptomatic-knee-osteoarthritis-less-active-than-the-general-population-analysis-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative-and-nhanes
#13
Louise M Thoma, Dorothy Dunlop, Jing Song, Jungwha Lee, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Elroy J Aguiar, Hiral Master, Meredith B Christiansen, Daniel K White
OBJECTIVE: To compare objectively-measured physical activity (PA) in older adults with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (SxOA) with similarly aged adults without osteoarthritis (OA) or knee symptoms from the general population. METHODS: We included people age 50-85 years with SxOA from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI, n=491), and people age 50-85 years from the general population from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, n=449). A uniaxial accelerometer was worn for >10 hours/day for >4 days in the NHANES in 2003-2004 (Actigraph 7124) and in the OAI in 2008-2010 (Actigraph GT1M)...
February 22, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468754/prevalence-of-vitamin-b-12-deficiency-in-healthy-indian-school-going-adolescents-from-rural-and-urban-localities-and-its-relationship-with-various-anthropometric-indices-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
S Chakraborty, M Chopra, K Mani, A K Giri, P Banerjee, N S Sahni, A Siddhu, N Tandon, D Bharadwaj
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient deficiency is a global health burden, especially among developing countries. The present cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency in healthy Indian school-going adolescents, based on area of residence, sex and body mass index (BMI). Furthermore, the relationship of serum B12 concentration with dietary vitamin B12 intake and anthropometric indices was assessed among adolescents from rural and urban India. METHODS: A total of 2403 school-going adolescents (11-17 years) from National Capital Region and rural areas of Haryana, India were selected...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468603/glucocorticoids-and-the-risk-of-peptic-ulcer-bleeding-case-control-analysis-based-on-swiss-claims-data
#15
Daphne Reinau, Matthias Schwenkglenks, Mathias Früh, Andri Signorell, Eva Blozik, Christoph R Meier
INTRODUCTION: Controversy exists as to whether glucocorticoids (GC) are ulcerogenic per se and may thus cause peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) independent of concomitantly prescribed nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between GC use and PUB with or without co-medication with NSAIDs. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study using administrative claims data from the Swiss health insurance company Helsana...
February 21, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468172/hip-arthroscopic-surgery-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-a-prospective-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-surgeon-experience-and-patient-outcomes
#16
Sergio E Flores, Kristina R Borak, Alan L Zhang
Background: Hip arthroscopic surgery is a rapidly growing procedure, but it may be associated with a steep learning curve. Few studies have used patient-reported outcome (PRO) surveys to investigate the relationship between surgeon experience and patient outcomes after the arthroscopic treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). Hypothesis: Patients undergoing hip arthroscopic surgery for the treatment of FAI in the early stages of a surgeon's career will have significantly worse outcomes and longer procedure times compared with patients treated after the surgeon has gained experience...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468052/prevalence-of-staphylococcus-spp-nasal-colonization-among-doctors-of-podiatric-medicine-and-associated-risk-factors-in-spain
#17
Sheila de Benito, Luis Alou, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, María Luisa Gómez-Lus, Luis Collado, David Sevillano
Background: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of methicillin-susceptible and -resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA and MRSA) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (MRSE) nasopharyngeal carriage among Doctors of Podiatric Medicine (Podiatrists) and to determine the potential risk factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 2016-2017 among 239 podiatrists in Spain. The presence of MSSA, MRSA, and MRSE was determined by microbiological analysis of nasal exudate and antimicrobial susceptibility was determined...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467119/pre-exposure-prophylaxis-youtube-videos-content-evaluation
#18
Aleksandar Kecojevic, Corey Basch, Charles Basch, William Kernan
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral (ARV) medicines reduce the risk of transmitting the HIV virus and are recommended as daily pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in combination with safer sex practices for HIV-negative individuals at a high risk for infection, but are underused in HIV prevention. Previous literature suggests that YouTube is extensively used to share health information. While pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a novel and promising approach to HIV prevention, there is limited understanding of YouTube videos as a source of information on PrEP...
February 16, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467098/retention-engagement-and-adherence-to-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-prep-brasil-48-week-results-of-a-demonstration-study
#19
Beatriz Grinsztejn, Brenda Hoagland, Ronaldo I Moreira, Esper G Kallas, Jose V Madruga, Silvia Goulart, Iuri C Leite, Lucilene Freitas, Luana M S Martins, Thiago S Torres, Ricardo Vasconcelos, Raquel B De Boni, Peter L Anderson, Albert Liu, Paula M Luz, Valdiléa G Veloso
BACKGROUND: PrEP Brasil was a demonstration study to assess feasibility of daily oral tenofovir diphosphate disoproxil fumarate plus emtricitabine provided at no cost to men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women at high risk for HIV within the Brazilian public health system. We report week 48 pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) retention, engagement, and adherence, trends in sexual behaviour, and incidence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in this study cohort. METHODS: PrEP Brasil was a 48 week, open-label, demonstration study that assessed PrEP delivery at three referral centres for HIV prevention and care in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Fundação Oswaldo Cruz), and São Paulo, Brazil (Universidade de São Paulo and Centro de Referência e Treinamento em DST e AIDS)...
February 16, 2018: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467084/-social-determinants-of-health-at-distinct-levels-by-gender-education-and-household-in-spain
#20
Jordi Gumà, Bruno Arpino, Aïda Solé-Auró
OBJECTIVE: To explore from a gender perspective the association with subjective health of the interaction between education and household arrangements within the framework of social determinants of health placed at the micro and mezzo levels. METHODS: The data comes from the Spanish sample of the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions for 2014. Independent logistic regression models for men and women were run to analyze the association with subjective health of the interaction between education and household arrangements...
February 18, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
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