keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Xenotransplantation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914702/renal-xenotransplantation-experimental-progress-and-clinical-prospects
#1
Martin Wijkstrom, Hayato Iwase, Wayne Paris, Hidetaka Hara, Mohamed Ezzelarab, David K C Cooper
There are >100,000 patients waiting for kidney transplants in the United States and a vast need worldwide. Xenotransplantation, in the form of the transplantation of kidneys from genetically engineered pigs, offers the possibility of overcoming the chronic shortage of deceased and living human donors. These genetic manipulations can take the form of (i) knockout of pig genes that are responsible for the expression of antigens against which the primate (human or nonhuman primate) has natural "preformed" antibodies that bind and initiate complement-mediated destruction or (ii) the insertion of human transgenes that provide protection against the human complement, coagulation, or inflammatory responses...
November 30, 2016: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906824/selection-of-patients-for-initial-clinical-trials-of-solid-organ-xenotransplantation
#2
David K C Cooper, Martin Wijkstrom, Sundaram Hariharan, Joshua L Chan, Avneesh Singh, Keith Horvath, Muhammad Mohiuddin, Arielle Cimeno, Rolf N Barth, John C LaMattina, Richard N Pierson
Several groups have reported extended survival of genetically-engineered pig organs in nonhuman primates, varying from almost 10 months for life-supporting kidney grafts and >2 years for nonlife-supporting heart grafts to less than 1 month for life-supporting liver and lung grafts. We have attempted to define groups of patients who may not have an option to wait for an allograft. These include kidney, heart, and lung candidates who are highly-allosensitized. In addition, some kidney candidates (who have previously lost at least 2 allografts from rapid recurrence of native kidney disease) have a high risk of further recurrence and will not be offered a repeat allotransplant...
December 1, 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897334/xenotransplantation-literature-update-september-october-2016
#3
AnAn Hua, Magie Steinhoff, Christopher Burlak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892637/distribution-of-follicles-in-canine-ovarian-tissues-and-xenotransplantation-of-cryopreserved-ovarian-tissues-with-even-distribution-of-follicles
#4
I Wakasa, M Hayashi, Y Abe, H Suzuki
Ovarian follicles are not homogeneously distributed within the ovarian cortex in several species of mammals. Yet to maximize the reproducibility of experimental results of ovarian transplantation, it is essential to assess the degree of density and distribution of follicles in ovarian tissues before their transplantation. In this study, the ovarian cortex from 13 immature bitches (ten purebred and three mongrels) was sectioned into 1.0- to 1.5-mm(3) cubes, those were fixed, sectioned and stained with haematoxylin and eosin...
November 28, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887719/leucine-rich-repeat-containing-g-protein-coupled%C3%A2-receptor%C3%A2-5-positive%C3%A2-cells%C3%A2-in-the-endometrial-stem-cell-niche
#5
Irene Cervelló, Claudia Gil-Sanchis, Xavier Santamaría, Amparo Faus, Julia Vallvé-Juanico, Patricia Díaz-Gimeno, Oriana Genolet, Antonio Pellicer, Carlos Simón
OBJECTIVE: To study, isolate and characterize leucine-rich repeat-containing heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein-coupled receptor 5 (LGR5)-positive cells from human endometrium to determine their functional relevance. DESIGN: Prospective experimental animal study. SETTING: University research laboratories. ANIMAL(S): Nonobese diabetic mice (NOD-SCID) (strain code 394; NOD.CB17-Prkdc(scid)/NcrCrl). INTERVENTION(S): Human LGR5(+) cells were labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIOs) and injected under the kidney capsule in immunocompromised mice...
November 22, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872471/recent-progress-in-xenotransplantation-with-emphasis-on-virological-safety
#6
Joachim Denner
Xenotransplantation is a new technology that may help to overcome the shortage of human tissues and organs available for the treatment of tissue and organ failure. Remarkable progress has recently been made in this field. First, understanding of the mechanisms of immunological rejection, mainly of the hyperacute rejection, allowed generating numerous genetically modified pigs to overcome rejection. Second, based on these genetically modified animals and new immunosuppression regimens, long-term survival of non-human primate recipients of heart, kidney, and islet cell cells has been reported...
November 22, 2016: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859642/microbiological-safety-of-clinical-xenotransplantation-products-monitoring-strategies-and-regulatory-aspects-a-commentary
#7
Henk-Jan Schuurman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2016: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856460/architectural-and-functional-heterogeneity-of-hematopoietic-stem-progenitor-cells-in-non-del-5q-myelodysplastic-syndromes
#8
Virginie Chesnais, Marie-Laure Arcangeli, Caroline Delette, Alice Rousseau, Hélène Guermouche, Carine Lefevre, Sabrina Bondu, M'boyba Diop, Meyling Cheok, Nicolas Chapuis, Laurence Legros, Sophie Raynaud, Lise Willems, Didier Bouscary, Evelyne Lauret, Olivier A Bernard, Olivier Kosmider, Françoise Pflumio, Michaela Fontenay
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are hematopoietic stem cell disorders in which recurrent mutations define clonal hematopoiesis. The origin of the phenotypic diversity of non del(5q) MDS remains unclear. Here, we investigated the clonal architecture of the CD34+CD38- hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) compartment and interrogated dominant clones for MDS-initiating cells. We found that clones mainly accumulate mutations in a linear succession with retention of a dominant subclone. The clone detected in the long-term culture-initiating cell (LTC-IC) compartment and that reconstitutes short-term human hematopoiesis in xenotransplantation models is usually the dominant clone, which gives rise to the myeloid and to a lesser extent to the lymphoid lineage...
November 16, 2016: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853633/btn3a-molecules-considerably-improve-v%C3%AE-9v%C3%AE-2t-cells-based-immunotherapy-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#9
Audrey Benyamine, Aude Le Roy, Emilie Mamessier, Julie Gertner-Dardenne, Céline Castanier, Florence Orlanducci, Laurent Pouyet, Armelle Goubard, Yves Collette, Norbert Vey, Emmanuel Scotet, Remy Castellano, Daniel Olive
Given their recognized ability to kill acute myeloid leukemia (AML) blasts both in vitro and in vivo, Vγ9Vδ2 T cells are of growing interest in the design of new strategies of immunotherapy. We show that the Butyrophilin3A (BTN3A, CD277) subfamily is a critical determinant of Vγ9Vδ2 TCR-mediated recognition of human primary AML blasts ex vivo. Moreover, anti-BTN3A 20.1 agonist monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) can trigger BTN3A on AML blasts leading to further enhanced Vγ9Vδ2 T cell-mediated killing, but this mAb had no enhancing effect upon NK cell-mediated killing...
2016: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832080/transmission-of-porcine-endogenous-retrovirus-produced-from-different-recipient-cells-in-vivo
#10
Nayoung Kim, Jiwon Choi, Sehyun Kim, Yong-Dae Gwon, Yeondong Cho, Jae Myung Yang, Yu-Kyoung Oh, Young Bong Kim
Humanized pigs have been developed to reduce the incidence of immune rejection in xenotransplantation, but significant concerns remain, such as transmission of viral zoonosis. Porcine endogenous retroviruses (PERV), which exist in the genome of pigs, are produced as infectious virions from all porcine cells and cause zoonosis. Here, we examined the possibility of zoonosis of hosts under conditions of immune suppression or xenotransplantation of cells producing host-adapted viruses. Upon transplantation of PERV-producing porcine cells into mice, no transmission of PERV was detected, whereas, transmission of PERV from mice transplanted with mouse-adapted PERV-producing cells was detected...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830553/use-of-thymidine-kinase-recombinant-adenovirus-and-ganciclovir-mediated-mouse-liver-preconditioning-for-hepatocyte-xenotransplantation
#11
Daniel Moreno, Leire Neri, Eva Vicente, Africa Vales, Rafael Aldabe
Hepatocyte transplantation is the best approach to maintain and propagate differentiated hepatocytes from different species. Host liver has to be adapted for transplanted hepatocytes productive engraftment and proliferation being required a chronic liver injury to eliminate host hepatocytes and provide a proliferative advantage to the transplanted hepatocytes. Most valuable mouse models for xenograft hepatocyte transplantation are based on genetically modified animals to cause a chronic liver damage and to limit host hepatocyte regeneration potential...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830546/thy-1-cd90-positive-hepatic-progenitor-cells-hepatoctyes-and-non-parenchymal-liver-cells-isolated-from-human-livers
#12
Thomas S Weiss, Rania Dayoub
In response to liver injury, hepatic cells, especially hepatocytes, can rapidly proliferate to repair liver damage. Additionally, it was shown that under certain circumstances liver resident cells with progenitor capabilities are involved in liver cell proliferation and differentiation. These hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs), known as oval cells in rodents, are derived from the canals of Hering, which are located in the periportal region of the liver. Regarding to different cell niches, which were defined for human HPCs, several markers have been used to identify these cells such as CD34, c-kit, OV-6, and Thy-1 (CD90)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830476/production-of-heterozygous-alpha-1-3-galactosyltransferase-ggta1-knock-out-transgenic-miniature-pigs-expressing-human-cd39
#13
Kimyung Choi, Joohyun Shim, Nayoung Ko, Heejong Eom, Jiho Kim, Jeong-Woong Lee, Dong-Il Jin, Hyunil Kim
Production of transgenic pigs for use as xenotransplant donors is a solution to the severe shortage of human organs for transplantation. The first barrier to successful xenotransplantation is hyperacute rejection, a rapid, massive humoral immune response directed against the pig carbohydrate GGTA1 epitope. Platelet activation, adherence, and clumping, all major features of thrombotic microangiopathy, are inevitable results of immune-mediated transplant rejection. Human CD39 rapidly hydrolyzes ATP and ADP to AMP; AMP is hydrolyzed by ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) to adenosine, an anti-thrombotic and cardiovascular protective mediator...
November 9, 2016: Transgenic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829285/immunomodulation-of-cell-penetrating-tat-metallothionein-for-successful-outcome-of-xenotransplanted-pancreatic-islet
#14
Min Jun Kim, Yong Hwa Hwang, Yong Hee Kim, Dong Yun Lee
Pancreatic islet transplantation is a promising treatment for treatment of type 1 diabetes; however, transplantation outcomes have been disappointing due to early graft loss that is mediated by many immune responses. Immune cells not only directly damaged islet but also produced reactive oxygen species (ROS), which is highly toxic to islet cells. Metallothionein (MT) can provide protection against oxidative stress by scavenging various range of ROS including superoxide, hydroxyl radical, hydrogen peroxide, and nitric oxide...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825113/marine-guanidine-alkaloids-crambescidins-inhibit-tumor-growth-and-activate-intrinsic-apoptotic-signaling-inducing-tumor-regression-in-a-colorectal-carcinoma-zebrafish-xenograft-model
#15
María Roel, Juan A Rubiolo, Jorge Guerra-Varela, Siguara B L Silva, Olivier P Thomas, Pablo Cabezas-Sainz, Laura Sánchez, Rafael López, Luis M Botana
The marine environment constitutes an extraordinary resource for the discovery of new therapeutic agents. In the present manuscript we studied the effect of 3 different sponge derived guanidine alkaloids, crambescidine-816, -830, and -800. We show that these compounds strongly inhibit tumor cell proliferation by down-regulating cyclin-dependent kinases 2/6 and cyclins D/A expression while up-regulating the cell cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors -2A, -2D and -1A. We also show that these guanidine compounds disrupt tumor cell adhesion and cytoskeletal integrity promoting the activation of the intrinsic apoptotic signaling, resulting in loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and concomitant caspase-3 cleavage and activation...
November 4, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823818/progress-in-transplantation-will-it-be-achieved-in-big-steps-or-by-marginal-gains
#16
Jeremy R Chapman
A wish for progress in transplantation assumes that there are needs not met by the currently available therapy and that the barriers to resolving the problems can be surmounted. There are 5 major unmet needs: the potential to avoid transplantation either by prevention of disease or provision of an alternative to natural biological organ replacement; geographic heterogeneity of access to, and quality of, transplantation; availability of transplantation to those in need of it; survival of the patient and the transplant; and the avoidance of adverse effects of immunosuppression...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821126/efficient-generation-of-ggta1-null-diannan-miniature-pigs-using-talens-combined-with-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer
#17
Wenmin Cheng, Heng Zhao, Honghao Yu, Jige Xin, Jia Wang, Luyao Zeng, Zaimei Yuan, Yubo Qing, Honghui Li, Baoyu Jia, Cejun Yang, Youfeng Shen, Lu Zhao, Weirong Pan, Hong-Ye Zhao, Wei Wang, Hong-Jiang Wei
BACKGROUND: α1,3-Galactosyltransferase (GGTA1) is essential for the biosynthesis of glycoproteins and therefore a simple and effective target for disrupting the expression of galactose α-1,3-galactose epitopes, which mediate hyperacute rejection (HAR) in xenotransplantation. Miniature pigs are considered to have the greatest potential as xenotransplantation donors. A GGTA1-knockout (GTKO) miniature pig might mitigate or prevent HAR in xenotransplantation. METHODS: Transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs) were designed to target exon 6 of porcine GGTA1 gene...
November 8, 2016: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814771/efficacy-and-safety-of-aflibercept-in-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-models-of-retinoblastoma
#18
Dong Yoon Kim, Jeong A Choi, Jae-Young Koh, Young Hee Yoon
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the inhibitory effects of aflibercept on the growth and subretinal invasion of retinoblastoma. METHODS: Xenotransplantation and orthotopic mouse models were created by injecting Y-79 cells subcutaneously and intravitreally, respectively. After induction of retinoblastoma, animals were intraperitoneally injected with aflibercept (25 mg/kg body weight) or saline twice a week for 3 weeks. Tumor size was measured weekly and compared between the two groups...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812884/alofanib-an-allosteric-fgfr2-inhibitor-has-potent-effects-on-ovarian-cancer-growth-in-preclinical-studies
#19
Alexandra Tyulyandina, Daniel Harrison, Wei Yin, Evgenia Stepanova, Dmitry Kochenkov, Eliso Solomko, Nina Peretolchina, Frits Daeyaert, Jean-Baptiste Joos, Koen Van Aken, Mikhail Byakhov, Evgenia Gavrilova, Sergei Tjulandin, Ilya Tsimafeyeu
Purpose Early data suggest that combining FGFR2 inhibitors with platinum-containing cytotoxic agents for the treatment of epithelial ovarian cancer may yield increased antitumor activity. We investigated antitumor activity of alofanib (RPT835), a novel allosteric FGFR2 inhibitor, in ovarian cancer in vitro and in vivo. Methods Equal amounts of ovarian cancer cell (SKOV3) lysates were analyzed for FGFR1-3 protein expression using Wes. To assess the efficacy of alofanib on FGF-mediated cell proliferation, SKOV3 cells were incubated and were treated with serially diluted alofanib...
November 3, 2016: Investigational New Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809915/biallelic-modification-of-il2rg-leads-to-severe-combined-immunodeficiency-in-pigs
#20
Jung-Taek Kang, Bumrae Cho, Junghyun Ryu, Caitlin Ray, Eun-Jin Lee, Yun-Jin Yun, SunMi Ahn, JinSeok Lee, Dal-Young Ji, Nathaniel Jue, Sherrie Clark-Deener, Kiho Lee, Kwang-Wook Park
BACKGROUND: Pigs with SCID can be a useful model in regenerative medicine, xenotransplantation, and cancer cell transplantation studies. Utilizing genome editing technologies such as CRISPR/Cas9 system allows us to generate genetically engineered pigs at a higher efficiency. In this study, we report generation and phenotypic characterization of IL2RG knockout female pigs produced through combination of CRISPR/Cas9 system and SCNT. As expected, pigs lacking IL2RG presented SCID phenotype...
November 3, 2016: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
keyword
keyword
18815
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"