keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Beliefs

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036780/morphine-use-in-cancer-care-a-survey-of-attitudes-and-perceptions-in-general-practice-patients
#1
Matthew Grant, Anna Ugalde, Serafino G Mancuso, Platon Vafiadis, Jennifer Philip
BACKGROUND: Morphine is widely prescribed for patients with cancer, although a number of attitudes have been cited as barriers to its use, including fear, addiction and associations with death. The aim of this study was to explore the nature of these beliefs, and assess the extent to which these attitudes exist in a general practice patient population that may require morphine in the future. METHODS: A 30-item survey was distributed through general practices in Victoria, Australia...
October 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036716/reconsidering-set-the-people-free-neoliberalism-and-freedom-rhetoric-in-churchill-s-conservative-party
#2
James Freeman
It is often assumed that 'Hayekian' or 'neoliberal' influences lay behind Conservative attacks on socialism in 1945 and subsequent calls to 'set the people free' in 1950 and 1951. This assumption has had consequences for our understanding of late-1940s Conservatism and for wider interpretations of post-war politics. Heeding recent calls to reconnect the inter-war and post-war parties and to pay closer attention to how opponents and contexts generate arguments, this article revisits senior Conservatives' rhetoric between 1945 and 1951 to break the link between neoliberal influence and freedom rhetoric...
September 18, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036699/pain-related-acceptance-as-a-mediator-in-the-fear-avoidance-model-of-chronic-pain-a-preliminary-study
#3
Sophie Lykkegaard Ravn, Maria Louison Vang, Henrik Bjarke Vaegter, Tonny Elmose Andersen
Objective: The fear avoidance model has served as a popular, heuristic model in explaining the transition from acute to chronic pain. In addition, the significance of pain-related acceptance in chronic pain development and adjustment is underlined in a vast number of empirical studies. The objective of the current preliminary study was to investigate pain-related acceptance as a mediator within the key cognitive relationships proposed by the fear avoidance model of chronic pain. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional design, bodily pain, pain catastrophizing, fear avoidance beliefs, and pain-related acceptance were assessed by questionnaires in 125 chronic pain patients in a Danish multidisciplinary pain center...
September 23, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036391/improvement-in-negative-symptoms-and-functioning-in-cognitive-behavioral-social-skills-training-for-schizophrenia-mediation-by-defeatist-performance-attitudes-and-asocial-beliefs
#4
Eric Granholm, Jason Holden, Matthew Worley
Psychosocial interventions have significant but modest impact on negative symptoms and functioning in schizophrenia. Identifying mechanisms of change in these interventions can inform treatment targets to strengthen these interventions. A number of studies have found associations between dysfunctional attitudes negative symptoms and functioning in schizophrenia. We previously found improvement in experiential negative symptoms and functioning in cognitive-behavioral social skills training (CBSST) in participants with schizophrenia (N = 149), and the present study examined whether improvements in CBSST in that trial were mediated by the group effect on defeatist performance attitudes and asocial beliefs...
August 3, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036325/it-s-all-in-the-timing-calibrating-temporal-penalties-for-biomedical-data-sharing
#5
Weiyi Xia, Zhiyu Wan, Zhijun Yin, James Gaupp, Yongtai Liu, Ellen Wright Clayton, Murat Kantarcioglu, Yevgeniy Vorobeychik, Bradley A Malin
Objective: Biomedical science is driven by datasets that are being accumulated at an unprecedented rate, with ever-growing volume and richness. There are various initiatives to make these datasets more widely available to recipients who sign Data Use Certificate agreements, whereby penalties are levied for violations. A particularly popular penalty is the temporary revocation, often for several months, of the recipient's data usage rights. This policy is based on the assumption that the value of biomedical research data depreciates significantly over time; however, no studies have been performed to substantiate this belief...
September 26, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035800/exploring-mechanisms-of-change-in-schema-therapy-for-chronic-depression
#6
Fritz Renner, Robert DeRubeis, Arnoud Arntz, Frenk Peeters, Jill Lobbestael, Marcus J H Huibers
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The underlying mechanisms of symptom change in schema therapy (ST) for chronic major depressive disorder (cMDD) have not been studied. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of two potentially important mechanisms of symptom change, maladaptive schemas (proxied by negative idiosyncratic core-beliefs) and the therapeutic alliance. METHODS: We drew data from a single-case series of ST for cMDD. Patients with cMDD (N = 20) received on average 78 repeated weekly assessments over a course of up to 65 individual sessions of ST...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035759/the-beliefs-about-voices-questionnaire-revised-a-factor-structure-from-450-participants
#7
Clara Strauss, Kenneth Hugdahl, Flavie Waters, Mark Hayward, Josef J Bless, Liv E Falkenberg, Bodil Kråkvik, Arve Egil Asbjørnsen, Erik Johnsen, Igne Sinkeviciute, Rune A Kroken, Else-Marie Løberg, Neil Thomas
Hallucinated voices are common across psychiatric and non-clinical groups. The predominant cognitive theory about the impact of voices posits that beliefs about voice power ('Omnipotence') and voice intent ('Malevolence'/'Benevolence') play a key role in determining emotional and behavioral reactions. The revised Beliefs about Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ-R) was designed to assess these constructs, together with two styles of responding (Engagement and Resistance). The BAVQ-R is widely used in clinical and research settings, yet it has not received validation of its constructs and factor structure...
October 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035320/personomics-the-missing-link-in-the-evolution-from-precision-medicine-to-personalized-medicine
#8
Roy C Ziegelstein
Clinical practice guidelines have been developed for many common conditions based on data from randomized controlled trials. When medicine is informed solely by clinical practice guidelines, however, the patient is not treated as an individual, but rather a member of a group. Precision medicine, as defined herein, characterizes unique biological characteristics of the individual or of specimens obtained from an individual to tailor diagnostics and therapeutics to a specific patient. These unique biological characteristics are defined by the tools of precision medicine: genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, epigenomics, pharmacogenomics, and other "-omics...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035209/an-efficient-approach-for-accelerating-bucket-elimination-on-gpus
#9
Filippo Bistaffa, Nicola Bombieri, Alessandro Farinelli
Bucket elimination (BE) is a framework that encompasses several algorithms, including belief propagation (BP) and variable elimination for constraint optimization problems (COPs). BE has significant computational requirements that can be addressed by using graphics processing units (GPUs) to parallelize its fundamental operations, i.e., composition and marginalization, which operate on functions represented by large tables. We propose a novel approach to parallelize these operations with GPUs, which optimizes the table layout so to achieve better performance in terms of increased speedup and scalability...
November 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035189/cancer-screening-reminders-addressing-the-spectrum-of-patient-preferences
#10
Susan D Brandzel, Erin J Aiello Bowles, Arika Wieneke, Susan Carol Bradford, Kilian Kimbel, Hongyuan Gao, Diana Sm Buist
CONTEXT: Health care systems continue to seek evidence about how to optimize the efficiency and effectiveness of cancer screening reminders. Annual reminders to receive preventive services can be an efficient strategy. OBJECTIVE: To understand patient motivators and barriers to cancer screening and preferences about reminder strategies. DESIGN: We conducted 11 focus groups among adults recommended for cancer screening within Kaiser Permanente Washington...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035145/reflecting-on-how-we-remember-the-personal-past-missing-components-in-the-study-of-memory-appraisal-and-theoretical-implications
#11
Mary Ann Foley
The current paper offers a selective review of the study of memory appraisal, focusing on recollections of the personal past, with the goal to bring attention to a missing component in this study. To date, memory appraisal studies have concentrated on participants' assessments of the content of their personal recollections (e.g., their perceptual detail and story-like feel), including beliefs about the accuracy of that content. Participants' assessments of reflection processes accompanying their recollections (e...
October 16, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034784/religious-affiliation-at-time-of-death-global-estimates-and-projections
#12
Vegard Skirbekk, Megan Todd, Marcin Stonawski
AIMS: Religious affiliation influences societal practices regarding death and dying, including palliative care, religiously acceptable health service procedures, funeral rites and beliefs about an afterlife. We aimed to estimate and project religious affiliation at the time of death globally, as this information has been lacking. METHODS: We compiled data on demographic information and religious affiliation from more than 2500 surveys, registers and censuses covering 198 nations/territories...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034717/treatment-seeking-for-problematic-pornography-use-among-women
#13
Karol Lewczuk, Joanna Szmyd, Maciej Skorko, Mateusz Gola
Background and aims Previous studies examined psychological factors related to treatment seeking for problematic pornography use (PU) among males. In this study, we focused on females who seek treatment for problematic PU and compared them with non-problematic pornography users with regard to variables related to problematic PU. Second, we investigated the relationships between critical constructs related to problematic PU with the path analysis method, emphasizing the predictors for treatment seeking among women...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034534/corrective-emotional-experience-in-an-integrative-affect-focused-therapy-building-a-preliminary-model-using-task-analysis
#14
Kaori Nakamura, Shigeru Iwakabe
OBJECTIVE: The present study constructed a preliminary process model of corrective emotional experience (CEE) in an integrative affect-focused therapy. METHOD: Task analysis was used to analyse 6 in-session events taken from 6 Japanese clients who worked with an integrative affect-focused therapist. The 6 events included 3 successful CEEs and 3 partially successful CEEs for comparison. RESULTS: A rational-empirical model of CEE was generated, which consisted of two parallel client change processes, intrapersonal change and interpersonal change, and the therapist interventions corresponding to each process...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034460/culture-and-family-process-measures-of-familism-for-filipino-and-korean-american-parents
#15
Yoonsun Choi, Tae Yeun Kim, Samuel Noh, Jeanette Lee, David Takeuchi
This study tests the psychometric properties of multiple survey items and scales that are either underused or newly developed to assess familism among Asian Americans. Using data collected from 150 Filipino and 188 Korean American parents (mostly mothers) in the Midwest region in 2013, the measures were examined for validity and reliability for each group and, when appropriate, for cross-cultural equivalence across the groups. Several scales and their items showed high quality psychometric properties and are ready for use to more accurately assess family process of each target group and to conduct comparative analyses...
October 15, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034353/the-default-mode-network-in-autism
#16
Aarthi Padmanabhan, Charles J Lynch, Marie Schaer, Vinod Menon
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by deficits in social communication and interaction. Since its discovery as a major functional brain system, the default mode network (DMN) has been implicated in a number of psychiatric disorders, including ASD. Here we review converging multimodal evidence for DMN dysfunction in the context of specific components of social cognitive dysfunction in ASD: 'self-referential processing' - the ability to process social information relative to oneself and 'theory of mind' or 'mentalizing' - the ability to infer the mental states such as beliefs, intentions, and emotions of others...
September 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034224/trends-in-motor-performance-of-first-graders-a-comparison-of-cohorts-from-2006-to-2015
#17
Sarah Spengler, Matthias Rabel, Arvid Marius Kuritz, Filip Mess
BACKGROUND: Motor performance is an important factor for health. Already in childhood, motor performance is associated with, e.g., obesity and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. It is widely believed that the motor performance of children has declined over recent years. However, this belief is lacking clear evidence. The objective of this study was to examine trends in motor performance of first grade students during a period of 10 years (2006-2015). We examined trends in (a) aerobic fitness, (b) strength, (c) speed, and (d) balance for boys and girls separately and considered body mass index (BMI) as a potential confounder...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033873/a-three-dimensional-model-of-women-s-empowerment-implications-in-the-field-of-microfinance-and-future-directions
#18
Marloes A Huis, Nina Hansen, Sabine Otten, Robert Lensink
Women's empowerment is an important goal in achieving sustainable development worldwide. Offering access to microfinance services to women is one way to increase women's empowerment. However, empirical evidence provides mixed results with respect to its effectiveness. We reviewed previous research on the impact of microfinance services on different aspects of women's empowerment. We propose a Three-Dimensional Model of Women's Empowerment to integrate previous findings and to gain a deeper understanding of women's empowerment in the field of microfinance services...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033639/a-survey-focusing-on-lucid-dreaming-metacognition-and-dream-anxiety-in-medical-students
#19
Çağdaş Yokuşoğlu, Mücahit Atasoy, Nurgül Tekeli, Ahmet Ural, Çağla Ulus, Yunus Taylan, Gülser Aydin, Gözde Gültekin, Murat Emül
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine the level of lucidity and its relation with metacognitive beliefs and dream anxiety in medical students. METHODS: Nine hundred sixteen medical students were enrolled in the study. The participants were assessed with the Lucidity and Consciousness in Dreams Scale (LuCiD), the Metacognition Questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30), and the Van Dream Anxiety Scale (VDAS). RESULTS: There was no significant difference in mean total lucidity score between females and males, but there were some significant sex differences in subscales of lucidity, and control was significantly higher in male students, while realism, thought, and dissociation were significantly higher in female students...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033523/mothers-teething-beliefs-and-treatment-practices-in-mansoura-egypt
#20
Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Fawzia El Sayed Abusaad
OBJECTIVES: To reveal mothers' beliefs about signs and symptoms associated with teething and their treatment practices. POPULATION AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study done in Mansoura District on 457 mothers and their children with one or more erupted teeth. Mothers were interviewed during vaccination session at 25 chosen health facilities. Mothers were asked whether they agree or disagree about 24 signs and symptoms claimed to be associated with teething. RESULTS: Only 1...
October 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
keyword
keyword
18805
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"