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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454294/parents-and-early-adolescents-self-efficacy-about-anger-regulation-and-early-adolescents-internalizing-and-externalizing-problems-a-longitudinal-study-in-three-countries
#1
Laura Di Giunta, Anne-Marie R Iselin, Jennifer E Lansford, Nancy Eisenberg, Carolina Lunetti, Eriona Thartori, Emanuele Basili, Concetta Pastorelli, Dario Bacchini, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Maria Gerbino
The present study examines whether early adolescents' self-efficacy beliefs about anger regulation mediate the relation between parents' self-efficacy beliefs about anger regulation and early adolescents' internalizing and externalizing problems. Participants were 534 early adolescents (T1: M age = 10.89, SD = .70; 50% female), their mothers (n = 534), and their fathers (n = 431). Families were drawn from Colombia, Italy, and the USA. Follow-up data were obtained two (T2) and three (T3) years later. At T1 and T3, parents' self-efficacy beliefs were self-reported and internalizing and externalizing problems were assessed via mothers', fathers', and early adolescents' reports...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454293/health-professions-faculty-beliefs-confidence-use-and-perceptions-of-organizational-culture-and-readiness-for-ebp-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-survey
#2
Kerry A Milner, Holly B Bradley, Tammy Lampley
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice (EBP) is an essential skill and ethical obligation for all practicing health professions clinicians because of its strong association with improved health outcomes. Emerging evidence suggests that faculty who prepare these clinicians lack proficiency to teach EBP. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe; 1) health profession faculty beliefs about and confidence in their ability to teach and implement EBP, 2) use of EBP for education, 3) organizational culture and readiness for EBP; and to determine whether relationships exist among these variables...
February 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453768/mental-rotation-in-false-belief-understanding
#3
Jiushu Xie, Him Cheung, Manqiong Shen, Ruiming Wang
This study examines the spontaneous use of embodied egocentric transformation (EET) in understanding false beliefs in the minds of others. EET involves the participants mentally transforming or rotating themselves into the orientation of an agent when trying to adopt his or her visuospatial perspective. We argue that psychological perspective taking such as false belief reasoning may also involve EET because of what has been widely reported in the embodied cognition literature, showing that our processing of abstract, propositional information is often grounded in concrete bodily sensations which are not apparently linked to higher cognition...
February 17, 2018: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453506/illness-beliefs-treatment-beliefs-and-information-needs-as-starting-points-for-patient-information-the-evaluation-of-an-intervention-for-patients-with-depression
#4
Manuela Glattacker, Katja Heyduck, Cornelia Meffert, Teresa Jakob
Patients with depression are often dissatisfied with disease- and therapy-related information. The objective of this study was to evaluate an intervention that applied the Common Sense Model to the provision of information during inpatient rehabilitation for patients with depression. The intervention was evaluated in a sequential control group design. Analyses of covariance were used to assess differences between the control and intervention groups. Changes with respect to illness and treatment beliefs (personal control, treatment control, coherence and concerns about medicines), satisfaction with information about medicines, illness and rehabilitation, and depressive burden were selected as primary outcome measures...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453113/epidemiological-profile-of-epilepsy-in-low-income-populations
#5
REVIEW
Camilo Espinosa-Jovel, Rafael Toledano, Ángel Aledo-Serrano, Irene García-Morales, Antonio Gil-Nagel
Epilepsy is a global disease with an unequal distribution. About 80% of the affected individuals reside in low and middle income countries. The incidence and prevalence of epilepsy in low income populations is higher than in the rest of the world, this is partly explained by some risk factors such as head trauma, perinatal injury and CNS infections, which are more common in poor regions, especially in rural areas. Epilepsy is considered a treatable condition with high rates of therapeutic response. About three fourths of patients achieve control of the disease with the use of antiepileptic drugs, however, despite this benign prognosis, over 75% of patients from low income populations do not receive treatment at all...
February 8, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453039/tolerance-for-psychological-pain-and-capability-for-suicide-contributions-to-suicidal-ideation-and-behavior
#6
Esther L Meerwijk, Sandra J Weiss
Among people with suicide ideation most do not attempt suicide or die by suicide. In this online study of adult US Facebook users (n = 219), we examined capability for suicide, operationalized as fearlessness about death, and tolerance for psychological pain as potential variables that may explain why some people move from suicide ideation to suicidal behavior. Tolerance for psychological pain was significantly higher for participants who had never attempted suicide. Fearlessness about death was higher in participants who had attempted suicide, but not significantly...
February 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452788/understanding-pre-peri-and-post-menopausal-women-s-intentions-to-perform-muscle-strengthening-activities-using-the-theory-of-planned-behaviour
#7
Julie Doherty, Melanie Giles, Alison M Gallagher, Ellen Elizabeth Anne Simpson
Although physical activity guidelines recommend muscle-strengthening activities (MSA), public health initiatives tend to focus on increasing aerobic activity and fail to mention MSA. This study sought to identify the issues influencing pre-, peri- and post-menopausal women's intentions to perform MSA with a view to informing future interventions for these populations. Mixed methods guided by the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) were used to explore factors that influence women's intentions to perform MSA. In stage one, 34 women participated in either a focus group or interview...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452051/using-the-ecological-model-to-understand-influences-on-college-student-vaping
#8
Marshall Cheney, Mary Gowin, Ashley H Clawson
Objective The Ecological Model was used to examine the social and environmental influences of the college environment on e-cigarette use (vaping) among college students. Participants Undergraduate college student e-cigarette users (vapers) across three large college campuses in the southwest US from Jan 2015- Aug 2016. Methods Thirty-three interviews were conducted. Transcribed interviews were coded then analyzed for themes. Results College student vapers report multiple levels of influence on their vaping beyond personal beliefs and peer influences, including parents, explicit campus and community messaging, community member requests, and respect for others...
February 16, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451917/perceived-behavioral-control-as-a-potential-precursor-of-walking-three-times-a-week-patient-s-perspectives
#9
Peter Busse, J Jaime Miranda
BACKGROUND: Behavior change theories can identify people's main motivations to engage in recommended health practices and thus provide better tools to design interventions, particularly human centered design interventions. OBJECTIVES: This study had two objectives: (a) to identify salient beliefs about walking three times a week for 30 minutes nonstop among patients with hypertension in a low-resource setting and, (b) to measure the relationships among intentions, attitudes, perceived social pressure and perceived behavioral control about this behavior...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451095/a-tale-of-two-campuses-lessons-learned-in-establishing-a-satellite-campus
#10
Charles Penner
"It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity." The opening line of Dickens's A Tale of Two Cities could easily be the dramatic opening line of a summary of the establishment of a satellite medical school campus in Manitoba. Reflection on my last four years as associate dean reveals that most of the descriptors in that famous sentence at one time or another were apropos. This brief essay will relate the experiences of the last four years and some of the lessons learned along the way...
February 16, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450254/correlates-of-cannabis-vape-pen-use-and-knowledge-among-u-s-college-students
#11
Tessa Frohe, Robert F Leeman, Julie Patock-Peckham, Anthony Ecker, Shane Kraus, Dawn W Foster
Introduction: The proliferation of electronic devices, such as vape-pens, has provided alternative means for cannabis use. Research has found cannabis-vaping (i.e., vape-pen use) is associated with lower perceived risks and higher cannabis use. Knowledge of these products may increase likelihood of subsequent use. As policies for cannabis shift, beliefs that peers and family approve of this substance use (injunctive norms) increase and there has been an increase in vape-pen use among young adults (18-35 year olds); however, correlates thereof remain unknown...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450228/ordinary-people-associate-addiction-with-loss-of-free-will
#12
Andrew J Vonasch, Cory J Clark, Stephan Lau, Kathleen D Vohs, Roy F Baumeister
Introduction: It is widely believed that addiction entails a loss of free will, even though this point is controversial among scholars. There is arguably a downside to this belief, in that addicts who believe they lack the free will to quit an addiction might therefore fail to quit an addiction. Methods: A correlational study tested the relationship between belief in free will and addiction. Follow-up studies tested steps of a potential mechanism: 1) people think drugs undermine free will 2) people believe addiction undermines free will more when doing so serves the self 3) disbelief in free will leads people to perceive various temptations as more addictive...
June 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450218/attitudes-toward-fda-regulation-of-newly-deemed-tobacco-products
#13
Sarah D Kowitt, Adam O Goldstein, Allison M Schmidt, Marissa G Hall, Noel T Brewer
Objective: To examine how smokers perceive FDA oversight of e-cigarettes, hookah, and cigars. Methods: Current US smokers (N = 1,520) participating in a randomized clinical trial of pictorial cigarette pack warnings completed a survey that included questions about attitudes toward new FDA regulations covering newly deemed tobacco products (ie, regulation of e-cigarettes, nicotine gels or liquids used in e-cigarettes, hookah, and cigars). Results: Between 47% and 56% of current smokers viewed these new FDA regulations favorably and between 17% - 24% opposed them...
October 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450104/strengthening-effective-preventive-services-for-refugee-populations-toward-communities-of-solution
#14
Kim S Griswold, Kevin Pottie, Isok Kim, Wooksoo Kim, Li Lin
Refugee populations have unequal access to primary care and may not receive appropriate health screening or preventive service recommendations. They encounter numerous health care disadvantages as a consequence of low-income status, race and ethnicity, lower educational achievement, varying degrees of health literacy, and limited English proficiency. Refugees may not initially embrace the concept of preventive care, as these services may have been unavailable in their countries of origin, or may not be congruent with their beliefs on health care...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449764/the-effect-of-manual-therapy-and-neuroplasticity-education-on-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Adriaan Louw, Kevin Farrell, Merrill Landers, Martin Barclay, Elise Goodman, Jordan Gillund, Sara McCaffrey, Laura Timmerman
Objective: To determine if a neuroplasticity educational explanation for a manual therapy technique will produce a different outcome compared to a traditional mechanical explanation. Methods: Sixty-two patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) were recruited for the study. Following consent, demographic data were obtained as well as pain ratings for low back pain (LBP) and leg pain (Numeric Pain Rating Scale), disability (Oswestry Disability Index), fear-avoidance (Fear-Avoidance-Beliefs Questionnaire), forward flexion (fingertips-to-floor), and straight leg raise (SLR) (inclinometer)...
December 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449097/-the-unhealthy-other-how-vaccine-rejecting-parents-construct-the-vaccinating-mainstream
#16
Katie Attwell, David T Smith, Paul R Ward
To address the phenomenon of vaccine hesitancy and rejection, researchers increasingly recognise the need to engage with the social context of parents' decision-making. This study examines how vaccine rejecting parents socially construct the vaccinating mainstream in opposition to themselves. We analyse qualitative data from interviews with parents in Adelaide, South Australia. Applying insights from Social Identity Theory (SIT), we show how these parents bolster their own sense of identity and self-belief by employing a discourse that casts vaccinators as an Unhealthy Other...
February 12, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449064/pain-related-psychological-issues-in-hand-therapy
#17
Tokiko Hamasaki, René Pelletier, Daniel Bourbonnais, Patrick Harris, Manon Choinière
STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. INTRODUCTION: Pain is a subjective experience that results from the modulation of nociception conveyed to the brain via the nervous system. Perception of pain takes place when potential or actual noxious stimuli are appraised as threats of injury. This appraisal is influenced by one's cognitions and emotions based on her/his pain-related experiences, which are processed in the forebrain and limbic areas of the brain. Unarguably, patients' psychological factors such as cognitions (eg, pain catastrophizing), emotions (eg, depression), and pain-related behaviors (eg, avoidance) can influence perceived pain intensity, disability, and treatment outcomes...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448941/traditional-healing-practices-in-rural-bangladesh-a-qualitative-investigation
#18
Md Imdadul Haque, A B M Alauddin Chowdhury, Md Shahjahan, Md Golam Dostogir Harun
BACKGROUND: Traditional healing practice is an important and integral part of healthcare systems in almost all countries of the world. Very few studies have addressed the holistic scenario of traditional healing practices in Bangladesh, although these serve around 80% of the ailing people. This study explored distinctive forms of traditional healing practices in rural Bangladesh. METHODS: During July to October 2007, the study team conducted 64 unstructured interviews, and 18 key informant interviews with traditional healers and patients from Bhabanipur and Jobra, two adjacent villages in Chittagong district, Bangladesh...
February 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448812/a-qualitative-examination-of-parent-engagement-in-a-family-based-childhood-obesity-program
#19
Emily A Schmied, Emmeline Chuang, Hala Madanat, Jamie Moody, Leticia Ibarra, Kenia Ortiz, Karla Macias, Guadalupe X Ayala
Low parent engagement is frequently identified as a barrier to effective implementation of family-based childhood obesity prevention and control programs. A more nuanced understanding of factors affecting parent engagement is important for improving implementation and, ultimately, program efficacy. This qualitative study examined factors influencing parent engagement in a family-based childhood obesity prevention and control program. Semistructured interviews informed by the health belief model and the transtheoretical model were conducted with 22 predominantly Latina mothers following the scheduled conclusion of program activities...
February 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448365/improved-belief-propagation-algorithm-finds-many-bethe-states-in-the-random-field-ising-model-on-random-graphs
#20
G Perugini, F Ricci-Tersenghi
We first present an empirical study of the Belief Propagation (BP) algorithm, when run on the random field Ising model defined on random regular graphs in the zero temperature limit. We introduce the notion of extremal solutions for the BP equations, and we use them to fix a fraction of spins in their ground state configuration. At the phase transition point the fraction of unconstrained spins percolates and their number diverges with the system size. This in turn makes the associated optimization problem highly non trivial in the critical region...
January 2018: Physical Review. E
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