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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235616/-social-cognition-in-parkinson-s-disease-dementia-and-behavioral-variant-of-frontotemporal-dementia
#1
M E Tabernero, F Musich, F C Cossini, D G Politis
AIM: To study the presence of alterations in social cognition in Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) and behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), to compare the levels of involvement, and to analyze their relevance as a tool to distinguish between both demential profile. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: For this purpose, 34 patients diagnosed with PDD, 21 men and 13 women, with an average age of 70 years and 8 years of education, and 26 patients diagnosed with bvFTD, 9 men and 17 women, with an average age of 68 years and 6 years of education, were assessed...
December 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234931/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-access-program-a-group-intervention-to-improve-social-adaptive-functioning-stress-coping-and-self-determination-outcomes-in-young-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Tasha M Oswald, Breanna Winder-Patel, Steven Ruder, Guibo Xing, Aubyn Stahmer, Marjorie Solomon
The purpose of this pilot randomized controlled trial was to investigate the acceptability and efficacy of the Acquiring Career, Coping, Executive control, Social Skills (ACCESS) Program, a group intervention tailored for young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to enhance critical skills and beliefs that promote adult functioning, including social and adaptive skills, self-determination skills, and coping self-efficacy. Forty-four adults with ASD (ages 18-38; 13 females) and their caregivers were randomly assigned to treatment or waitlist control...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234498/evaluation-of-the-national-return-of-unwanted-medicines-rum-program-in-australia-a-study-protocol
#3
Amanda J Wheeler, Jean Spinks, Emilie Bettington, Fiona Kelly
Background: The National Return of Unwanted Medicines (NatRUM) program in Australia is one of the few nationally coordinated, free-to-consumer schemes to dispose of unwanted medicines globally. This scheme has been in operation since 1996, however, little is known about public awareness of the scheme and its effectiveness in reducing unsafe disposal practices. The study objectives are to undertake a review of (1) the current use of the NatRUM scheme by consumers; and (11) to investigate disposal practices and beliefs of the general population...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234482/roads-to-health-in-developing-countries-understanding-the-intersection-of-culture-and-healing
#4
REVIEW
S Ibeneme, G Eni, A Ezuma, G Fortwengel
Background: The most important attribute to which all human beings aspire is good health because it enables us to undertake different forms of activities of daily living. The emergence of scientific knowledge in Western societies has enabled scientists to explore and define several parameters of health by drawing boundaries around factors that are known to influence the attainment of good health. For example, the World Health Organization defined health by taking physical and psychological factors into consideration...
2017: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234394/predictors-of-traditional-medical-practices-in-illness-behavior-in-northwestern-ethiopia-an-integrated-model-of-behavioral-prediction-based-logistic-regression-analysis
#5
Abenezer Yared
This study aimed at investigating traditional medical beliefs and practices in illness behavior as well as predictors of the practices in Gondar city, northwestern Ethiopia, by using the integrated model of behavioral prediction. A cross-sectional quantitative survey was conducted to collect data through interviewer administered structured questionnaires from 496 individuals selected by probability proportional to size sampling technique. Unadjusted bivariate and adjusted multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed, and the results indicated that sociocultural predictors of normative response and attitude as well as psychosocial individual difference variables of traditional understanding of illness causation and perceived efficacy had statistically significant associations with traditional medical practices...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234367/the-use-of-herbal-remedies-among-mothers-of-young-children-living-in-the-central-appalachian-region
#6
Monira Alwhaibi, Rashmi Goyat, Kimberly M Kelly
Introduction: Women often use herbal remedies as a complement or alternative to traditional medicine. Guided by the Comprehensive Model of Information Seeking, this study examined use of herbal remedies among mothers of young children living in the Central Appalachian Region. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among mothers of young children (n = 178). The outcome measure of interest was the use of any herbal remedy in the past six months. Two scales were developed to measure information seeking channels and to measure beliefs about the safety/efficacy of herbal remedies...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233953/clustering-and-combining-pattern-of-high-risk-behaviors-among-iranian-university-students-a-latent-class-analysis
#7
Sima Afrashteh, Haleh Ghaem, Abbas Abbasi-Ghahramanloo, Hamid Reaz Tabatabaee
BACKGROUND: High-risk behaviors are increasing among young adults worldwide. We aimed to identify university students' subgroups on the basis of high-risk behaviors and to assess the role of age, living alone, religious beliefs, and parental support in the membership of specific subgroups. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study METHODS: The study was conducted in Bushehr (south of Iran) from November to December 2016. The sample included 977 university students selected through random sampling...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233605/measuring-vaccine-acceptance-among-canadian-parents-a-survey-of-the-canadian-immunization-research-network
#8
Eve Dubé, Dominique Gagnon, Manale Ouakki, Julie A Bettinger, Holly O Witteman, Shannon MacDonald, William Fisher, Vineet Saini, Devon Greyson
Parental decision making about childhood vaccinations is complex and multidimensional. There is a perception that the number of parents having concerns regarding childhood vaccinations has been increasing in Canada. The aim of this study was to explore vaccine hesitancy among Canadian parents and to examine factors associated with a parent's intention to vaccinate his/her child. Informed by the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) this study assesses potential associations between parents' knowledge, attitudes and beliefs toward vaccination and their intention to vaccinate their child in the future...
December 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233395/knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-regarding-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-in-home-testing-among-a-regional-sample-of-student-pharmacists
#9
Alvina Tran, Autumn L Stewart, Jordan R Covvey
INTRODUCTION: Pharmacists identify the importance of education on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); however, research suggests deficits in knowledge regarding recommendations and testing devices. With proper training, student pharmacists can play an important role in counseling patients on the importance of HIV testing and providing instruction on in-home testing. The objective of the study was to assess student pharmacists' knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of HIV and the use of an in-home, over-the-counter HIV testing device...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233381/pharmacy-resident-led-student-mentoring-program-a-focus-on-developing-mentoring-skills
#10
Meredith L Howard, Taylor D Steuber, Sarah A Nisly, Jessica Wilhoite, Lindsay Saum
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Formalized mentoring programs are often credited for influencing professional development of mentees. Unfortunately, little information exists regarding advancement of mentoring skills. We report the development and evaluation of a program to cultivate mentoring skills in pharmacy residents. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Advanced pharmacy practice experience students and pharmacy residents were contacted for program participation. Resident mentors were paired with a student mentee for the program...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233154/assessing-physical-therapist-students-self-efficacy-measurement-properties-of-the-physiotherapist-self-efficacy-pse-questionnaire
#11
Wim van Lankveld, Anne Jones, Jaap J Brunnekreef, Joost P H Seeger, J Bart Staal
BACKGROUND: Apart from skills, and knowledge, self-efficacy is an important factor in the students' preparation for clinical work. The Physiotherapist Self-Efficacy (PSE) questionnaire was developed to measure physical therapy (TP) students' self-efficacy in the cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neurological clinical areas. The aim of this study was to establish the measurement properties of the Dutch PSE questionnaire, and to explore whether self-efficacy beliefs in students are clinical area specific...
December 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233115/development-and-validation-of-college-students-tuberculosis-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-questionnaire-cs-tbkapq
#12
Hualin Jiang, Shaoru Zhang, Yi Ding, Yuelu Li, Tianhua Zhang, Weiping Liu, Yahui Fan, Yan Li, Rongqiang Zhang, Xuexue Ma
BACKGROUND: China faces many challenges in controlling tuberculosis (TB). One significant challenge is the control of college students' TB. In particular, cross-sectional studies of college students' knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) in regard to TB have attracted substantial attention. However, few measurement tools have been developed to aid processes related to expert consultation, pre-testing, reliability and validity testing. Our study developed the College Students' TB Knowledge Attitudes and Practices Questionnaire (CS-TBKAPQ) following the scale development steps...
December 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233101/learning-from-older-peoples-reasons-for-participating-in-demanding-intensive-epidemiological-studies-a-qualitative-study
#13
Alicja M Baczynska, Sarah C Shaw, Harnish P Patel, Avan A Sayer, Helen C Roberts
BACKGROUND: Recruitment rates of older people in epidemiological studies, although relatively higher than in clinical trials, have declined in recent years. This study aimed to explore motivating factors and concerns among older participants in an intensive epidemiological study (Hertfordshire Sarcopenia Study - HSS) and identify those that could aid future recruitment to epidemiological studies and clinical trials. METHODS: Participants of the HSS fasted overnight and travelled several hours each way to the research facility at an English hospital for extensive diet/lifestyle questionnaires and investigations to assess muscle including blood tests and a muscle biopsy...
December 12, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233060/ignoring-theory-and-misinterpreting-evidence-the-false-belief-in-fear-appeals
#14
Gerjo Kok, Gjalt-Jorn Ygram Peters, Loes T E Kessels, Gill A Ten Hoor, Robert A C Ruiter
Use of fear appeals assumes that when people are emotionally confronted with the negative effects of their behavior they will change that behavior. That reasoning is simple and intuitive, but only true under specific, rare circumstances. Risk-perception theories predict that if people will experience a threat, they want to counter that threat. However, how they do so is determined by their coping efficacy level: if efficacy is high, they may change their behavior in the suggested direction; if efficacy is low, they react defensively...
December 12, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232882/seasonal-influenza-vaccine-acceptance-among-pregnant-women-in-zhejiang-province-china-evidence-based-on-health-belief-model
#15
Yu Hu, Ying Wang, Hui Liang, Yaping Chen
Background: Reasons for acceptance of seasonal influenza vaccine (SIV) vaccination among pregnant women in China are poorly understood. We assessed the intention to accept SIV among pregnant women in Zhejiang province, by using a self-administrated structured questionnaire developed on the basis of health belief model (HBM). Methods: From 1 January to 31 March 2014, pregnant women with ≥12 gestational weeks who attended antenatal clinics (ANCs) at public hospitals in 6 out of 90 districts were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire that covered knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs related to SIV vaccination and influenza infection...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232617/shared-reality-in-interpersonal-relationships
#16
REVIEW
Susan M Andersen, Elizabeth Przybylinski
Close relationships afford us opportunities to create and maintain meaning systems as shared perceptions of ourselves and the world. Establishing a sense of mutual understanding allows for creating and maintaining lasting social bonds, and as such, is important in human relations. In a related vein, it has long been known that knowledge of significant others in one's life is stored in memory and evoked with new persons-in the social-cognitive process of 'transference'-imbuing new encounters with significance and leading to predictable cognitive, evaluative, motivational, and behavioral consequences, as well as shifts in the self and self-regulation, depending on the particular significant other evoked...
November 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232502/do-treatment-patterns-alter-beliefs-cancer-patients-hold-regarding-oral-oncolytic-agents
#17
Alla Sikorskii, Charles W Given, Barbara A Given, Eric Vachon, Victoria Marshall, John C Krauss, Asish Banik, Atreyee Majumder
OBJECTIVE: Cancer patients, particularly those prescribed oral oncolytic medications, face treatment side effects, and temporary and permanent stoppages of treatment. This research examines how events during treatment affect patients' beliefs regarding oral oncolytic medications. METHODS: 272 cancer patients initiating one of 28 oral oncolytic agents were followed for 12 weeks. Assessments of Beliefs About Medications Questionnaire (BMQ), symptoms, physical function, and depression measures were performed during telephone interviews at intake (medication start) and 4, 8, and 12 weeks...
December 12, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231092/test-retest-reliability-of-the-irrational-performance-beliefs-inventory
#18
M J Turner, M J Slater, J Dixon, A Miller
The irrational performance beliefs inventory (iPBI) was developed to measure irrational beliefs within performance domains such as sport, academia, business, and the military. Past research indicates that the iPBI has good construct, concurrent, and predictive validity, but the test-retest reliability of the iPBI has not yet been examined. Therefore, in the present study the iPBI was administered to university sport and exercise students (n = 160) and academy soccer athletes (n = 75) at three-time points...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230403/farmer-and-veterinarian-attitudes-towards-the-bovine-tuberculosis-eradication-programme-in-spain-what-is-going-on-in-the-field
#19
Giovanna Ciaravino, Patricia Ibarra, Ester Casal, Sergi Lopez, Josep Espluga, Jordi Casal, Sebastian Napp, Alberto Allepuz
The effectiveness of health interventions against bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is influenced by several "non-biological" factors that may hamper bTB detection and control. Although the engagement of stakeholders is a key factor for the eradication programme's success, social factors have been often ignored in the control programmes of animal diseases, especially in developed countries. In this study, we used a qualitative approach to investigate perceptions, opinions, attitudes, and beliefs of farmers, and veterinarians who may influence the effectiveness of the Spanish bTB eradication programme...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230402/animal-health-surveillance-in-scotland-in-2030-using-scenario-planning-to-develop-strategies-in-the-context-of-brexit
#20
Lisa A Boden, Harriet Auty, Aaron Reeves, Gustaf Rydevik, Paul Bessell, Iain J McKendrick
Animal health surveillance is necessary to protect human and animal health, rural economies, and the environment from the consequences of large-scale disease outbreaks. In Scotland, since the Kinnaird review in 2011, efforts have been made to engage with stakeholders to ensure that the strategic goals of surveillance are better aligned with the needs of the end-users and other beneficiaries. The aims of this study were to engage with Scottish surveillance stakeholders and multidisciplinary experts to inform the future long-term strategy for animal health surveillance in Scotland...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
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