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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222085/physical-activity-promotion-beliefs-and-barriers-among-australasian-oncology-nurses
#1
Justin W L Keogh, Petra Pühringer, Alicia Olsen, Sally Sargeant, Lynnette M Jones, Mike Climstein
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To describe the physical activity (PA) promotion practices, beliefs, and barriers of Australasian oncology nurses and gain preliminary insight into how PA promotion practices may be affected by the demographics of the nurses.
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey.
. SETTING: Australia and New Zealand.
. SAMPLE: 119 registered oncology nurses.
. METHODS: Self-reported online survey completed once per participant...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222082/challenges-encountered-by-vietnamese-nurses-when-caring-for-patients-with-cancer
#2
Ly Thuy Nguyen, Lourdes Clemenceau Annoussamy, Virginia T LeBaron
Providing holistic care is acknowledged as central to providing quality care for patients with cancer, but providing competent nursing care consistent with these approaches remains a challenge for nurses in Vietnam. Obstacles for Vietnamese oncology nurses include their low status, the limited scope of nursing practice, work overload in a hierarchical system, and cultural beliefs that view death and dying as taboo. Additional research to support oncology nurses in Vietnam must acknowledge the merits of improving nursing education as an important strategy for enhancing nursing autonomy, quality of care, and outcomes for the increasing number of patients with cancer in low- and middle-income countries...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221092/social-and-economic-ideologies-differentially-predict-prejudice-across-the-political-spectrum-but-social-issues-are-most-divisive
#3
Jarret T Crawford, Mark J Brandt, Yoel Inbar, John R Chambers, Matt Motyl
Liberals and conservatives both express prejudice toward ideologically dissimilar others (Brandt et al., 2014). Previous work on ideological prejudice did not take advantage of evidence showing that ideology is multidimensional, with social and economic ideologies representing related but separable belief systems. In 5 studies (total N = 4912), we test 3 competing hypotheses of a multidimensional account of ideological prejudice. The dimension-specific symmetry hypothesis predicts that social and economic ideologies differentially predict prejudice against targets who are perceived to vary on the social and economic political dimensions, respectively...
March 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221085/goal-relevance-as-a-quantitative-model-of-human-task-relevance
#4
James Tanner, Laurent Itti
The concept of relevance is used ubiquitously in everyday life. However, a general quantitative definition of relevance has been lacking, especially as pertains to quantifying the relevance of sensory observations to one's goals. We propose a theoretical definition for the information value of data observations with respect to a goal, which we call "goal relevance." We consider the probability distribution of an agent's subjective beliefs over how a goal can be achieved. When new data are observed, its goal relevance is measured as the Kullback-Leibler divergence between belief distributions before and after the observation...
March 2017: Psychological Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220951/varieties-of-social-experience-the-religious-cultural-context-of-diverse-spiritual-exemplars
#5
Pamela Ebstyne King, Mona M Abo-Zena, Jonathan D Weber
From cultural developmental and relational developmental systems perspectives, the current study employed an exemplar research design along with qualitative content analysis to gain deeper understanding of how adolescents perceived the social influences on their religious and spiritual development (RSD) among religiously and culturally diverse youth. The sample included interviews of 28 highly spiritual youth aged 12-21 years (M = 17.73 years) from six countries and eight different religious traditions...
March 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220574/selective-use-of-the-electrocardiogram-in-pediatric-preparticipation-athletic-examinations-among-pediatric-primary-care-providers
#6
Bradley C Clark, Joshua M Hayman, Charles I Berul, Kristin M Burns, Jonathan R Kaltman
OBJECTIVES: Recent literature examining insurance administrative data suggests that a selective approach, with concurrent history and physical exam (H&P), for obtaining an electrocardiogram (ECG) as a part of a preparticipation examination (PPE) for pediatric athletes is commonly used in the primary care setting demonstrating a high rate of disease detection. We sought to understand practice patterns of providers with regard to usage of ECG as a part of PPE. METHODS: Utilizing an online survey, we queried primary care providers regarding their practice patterns, rationale, and concerns regarding use of ECGs as a part of the PPE...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220355/dutch-protocols-for-deliberately-ending-the-life-of-newborns-a-defence
#7
Matthew Tedesco
The Groningen Protocol, introduced in the Netherlands in 2005 and accompanied by revised guidelines published in a report commissioned by the Royal Dutch Medical Association in 2014, specifies conditions under which the lives of severely ill newborns may be deliberately ended. Its publication came four years after the Netherlands became the first nation to legalize the voluntary active euthanasia of adults, and the Netherlands remains the only country to offer a pathway to protecting physicians who might engage in deliberately ending the life of a newborn (DELN)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220344/personal-factors-affecting-ethical-performance-in-healthcare-workers-during-disasters-and-mass-casualty-incidents-in-iran-a-qualitative-study
#8
Mehrzad Kiani, Mohsen Fadavi, Hamidreza Khankeh, Fariba Borhani
In emergencies and disasters, ethics are affected by both personal and organizational factors. Given the lack of organizational ethical guidelines in the disaster management system in Iran, the present study was conducted to explain the personal factors affecting ethics and ethical behaviors among disaster healthcare workers. The present qualitative inquiry was conducted using conventional content analysis to analyze the data collected from 21 in-depth unstructured interviews with healthcare workers with an experience of attending one or more fields of disaster...
February 20, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220316/lung-cancer-diagnosed-following-an-emergency-admission-exploring-patient-and-carer-perspectives-on-delay-in-seeking-help
#9
Glenys Caswell, Jane Seymour, Vincent Crosby, Asmah Hussain, Cathann Manderson, Sarah Farnan, Sarah Freer, Alison Freemantle, Fran Littlewood, Andrew Wilcock
PURPOSE: Compared to others, patients diagnosed with lung cancer following an emergency, unplanned admission to hospital (DFEA) have more advanced disease and poorer prognosis. Little is known about DFEA patients' beliefs about cancer and its symptoms or about their help-seeking behaviours prior to admission. METHODS: As part of a larger single-centre, prospective mixed-methods study conducted in one University hospital, we undertook qualitative interviews with patients DFEA and their carers to obtain their understanding of symptoms and experiences of trying to access healthcare services before admission to hospital...
February 21, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220313/hiv-infected-young-men-demonstrate-appropriate-risk-perceptions-and-beliefs-about-safer-sexual-behaviors-after-human-papillomavirus-vaccination
#10
Jessica A Kahn, Jeannette Lee, Marvin Belzer, Joel M Palefsky
The aim of this study was to identify risk perceptions after human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among HIV-infected young men who have sex with men. On average, participants appropriately perceived themselves to be at lower than neutral risk for HPV (mean subscale score 4.2/10), at higher than neutral risk for other sexually transmitted infections (7.0/10), and that safer sexual behaviors were still important (8.5/10). Higher perceived risk of HPV was associated with African-American race (p = .03); higher perceived risk of other sexually transmitted infections with White race (p = ...
February 20, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220102/a-nuanced-look-at-women-in-stem-fields-at-two-year-colleges-factors-that-shape-female-students-transfer-intent
#11
Xueli Wang, Hsun-Yu Chan, Sara Jimenez Soffa, Brett Ranon Nachman
In this study, we explored the relationship between the intent to transfer upward and a set of motivational, contextual, and socio-demographic background factors among 696 female students beginning in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) programs or courses at two-year colleges in a Midwestern state. Drawing upon survey data and administrative records, our multinomial logistic regression analysis revealed that students' math and science self-efficacy beliefs, as well as transfer-oriented interaction, were significant and positive predictors for their intent to transfer into STEM fields as opposed to having no intent to transfer...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219969/safe-storage-of-opioid-pain-relievers-among-adults-living-in-households-with-children
#12
Eileen M McDonald, Alene Kennedy-Hendricks, Emma E McGinty, Wendy C Shields, Colleen L Barry, Andrea C Gielen
OBJECTIVES: To describe safe storage practices and beliefs among adults who have used a prescription opioid pain reliever (OPR) in the past year; to compare practices and beliefs among those living with younger (<7 years) versus older children (7-17 years). METHODS: A survey was administered to a nationally representative sample of adults reporting OPR use in the previous 12 months and who had children <18 years old living with them. We used Health Belief Model-derived items to measure beliefs...
February 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219581/development-of-a-reliable-and-valid-organ-tissue-donation-and-transplantation-knowledge-scale
#13
G Ozturk Emiral, B Isıktekin Atalay, H Altunok, M E Gokler, M F Onsuz, S Metintas
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge has an important role in an individual's willingness to donate organs upon death. Knowledge enables clarification of false beliefs, which can increase willingness to consent to organ donation. The purpose of the study was to describe and examine the validity and reliability of the Organ-Tissue Donation and Transplantation Knowledge Scale (ODTKS). METHODS: We performed a comprehensive literature review and chose 23 items for the scale according to specialists' recommendations...
March 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219453/a-consult-is-just-a-page-away-a-prospective-observational-study-on-the-impact-of-jinxing-on-call-karma-in-neurosurgery
#14
Holger Joswig, Lauren Zarnett, David A Steven, Martin N Stienen
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the impact of jinxing on "call karma" in neurosurgery. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study on 15 residents on call for the neurosurgery service, recording the total number of admissions, consults, deaths encountered, surgeries performed, hours of sleep and subjective call rating on a numeric rating scale (NRS) of 0-10 in terms of general awfulness. RESULTS: Some 204 on-call nightshifts were analyzed, of which 61 (29...
February 21, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219423/predictors-of-dieting-and-non-dieting-approaches-among-adults-living-in-australia
#15
Stuart Leske, Esben Strodl, Xiang-Yu Hou
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research comparing why dieting and non-dieting approaches are adopted. A greater understanding of reasons underlying dieting and non-dieting attempts will help to identify target beliefs for interventions to support and motivate adults to attempt whatever approach they are willing and/or able to pursue. We investigated the predictors of dieting and non-dieting approaches in Australian adults using predictors that were identified in a previous qualitative study...
February 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219420/umbilical-cord-care-practices-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#16
Patricia S Coffey, Siobhan C Brown
BACKGROUND: Neonatal sepsis is the third leading cause of deaths for infants in their first month of life. The newly cut umbilical cord can be a pathway for bacteria that can cause newborn sepsis and death. Optimal umbilical cord care practices for newborns and during the first week of life, especially in settings with poor hygiene, has the potential to avoid these preventable neonatal deaths. The purpose of this review of cord care practices is to assist in the development of behavior-change strategies to support introduction of novel cord-care regimens, particularly 7...
February 20, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219295/no-blank-slates-pre-existing-schemas-about-pharmaceuticals-predict-memory-for-side-effects
#17
Monika K Heller, Sarah C E Chapman, Rob Horne
OBJECTIVES: Attribution of symptoms as medication side effects is informed by pre-existing beliefs about medicines and perceptions of personal sensitivity to their effects (pharmaceutical schemas). We tested whether (1) pharmaceutical schemas were associated with memory (recall/recognition) for side effect information (2) memory explained the attribution of a common unrelated symptom as a side effect. DESIGN: In this analogue study participants saw the patient leaflet of a fictitious asthma drug listing eight side effects...
April 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219284/conscientious-objection-understanding-the-right-of-conscience-in-health-and-healthcare-practice
#18
Christina Lamb
In situations of moral gravitas, healthcare professionals are largely protected in the Western world to invoke their right to conscientiously object to providing care that conflicts with their personal, moral, and religious beliefs. However, making a conscientious objection needs to be predicated by an understanding of conscience, and knowledge of conscience is largely absent in definition as well as discourse surrounding conscientious objection in healthcare practice. Moreover, current definitions of health do not place emphasis on the ethical well-being of patients as well as care providers...
April 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218972/views-of-oral-antibiotics-and-advice-seeking-about-acne-a-qualitative-study-of-online-discussion-forums
#19
M Santer, D Chandler, M Lown, N A Francis, I Muller
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is common and can significantly impair quality of life, yet little is known about patients' understanding of acne and its treatments. Oral antibiotics are widely used for acne, despite concerns about antibiotic resistance. People are increasingly turning to online discussion forums for advice and information on these sites may influence health beliefs and treatment adherence. OBJECTIVE: To explore understandings about the use of oral antibiotics for acne and advice shared amongst messages posted on online forums...
February 20, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217869/reasons-for-not-participating-in-scleroderma-patient-support-groups-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Stephanie T Gumuchian, Vanessa C Delisle, Sandra Peláez, Vanessa L Malcarne, Ghassan El-Baalbaki, Linda Kwakkenbos, Lisa R Jewett, Marie-Eve Carrier, Mia Pépin, Brett D Thombs
OBJECTIVE: Peer-led support groups are an important resource for many people with scleroderma (systemic sclerosis; SSc). Little is known, however, about barriers to participation. The objective of this study was to identify reasons why some people with SSc do not participate in SSc support groups. METHODS: A 21-item survey was used to assess reasons for non-attendance among SSc patients in Canada and the United States. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted using the software MPlus 7 to group reasons for non-attendance into themes...
February 19, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
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