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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778886/perspectives-of-uv-nowcasting-to-monitor-personal-pro-health-outdoor-activities
#1
Janusz W Krzyścin, Aleksandra Lesiak, Joanna Narbutt, Piotr Sobolewski, Jakub Guzikowski
Nowcasting model for online monitoring of personal outdoor behaviour is proposed. It is envisaged that it will provide an effective e-tool used by smartphone users. The model could estimate maximum duration of safe (without erythema risk) outdoor activity. Moreover, there are options to estimate duration of sunbathing to get adequate amount of vitamin D3 and doses necessary for the antipsoriatic heliotherapy. The application requires information of starting time of sunbathing and the user's phototype. At the beginning the user will be informed of the approximate duration of sunbathing required to get the minimum erythemal dose, adequate amount of vitamin D3 , and the dose necessary for the antipsoriatic heliotherapy...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778738/risk-adapted-therapy-for-young-children-with-medulloblastoma-sjyc07-therapeutic-and-molecular-outcomes-from-a-multicentre-phase-2-trial
#2
Giles W Robinson, Vasilisa A Rudneva, Ivo Buchhalter, Catherine A Billups, Sebastian M Waszak, Kyle S Smith, Daniel C Bowers, Anne Bendel, Paul G Fisher, Sonia Partap, John R Crawford, Tim Hassall, Daniel J Indelicato, Frederick Boop, Paul Klimo, Noah D Sabin, Zoltan Patay, Thomas E Merchant, Clinton F Stewart, Brent A Orr, Jan O Korbel, David T W Jones, Tanvi Sharma, Peter Lichter, Marcel Kool, Andrey Korshunov, Stefan M Pfister, Richard J Gilbertson, Robert P Sanders, Arzu Onar-Thomas, David W Ellison, Amar Gajjar, Paul A Northcott
BACKGROUND: Young children with medulloblastoma have a poor overall survival compared with older children, due to use of radiation-sparing therapy in young children. Radiotherapy is omitted or reduced in these young patients to spare them from debilitating long-term side-effects. We aimed to estimate event-free survival and define the molecular characteristics associated with progression-free survival in young patients with medulloblastoma using a risk-stratified treatment strategy designed to defer, reduce, or delay radiation exposure...
May 16, 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776011/predicting-nonadherence-to-adjuvant-endocrine-therapy-in-women-with-early-stage-breast-cancer
#3
Arden L Corter, Reuben Broom, David Porter, Vernon Harvey, Michael Findlay
BACKGROUND: Failing to take endocrine therapy (ET) as prescribed (nonadherence) increases risk of morbidity and mortality from breast cancer recurrence. We explored predictors of nonadherence, including demographic, clinical, treatment and personal factors, among women newly prescribed ET for early stage breast cancer. We also examined predictors of their thoughts about stopping treatment (TST). METHODS: A baseline survey prior to ET assessed demographics, illness beliefs, beliefs about medicines, fear of recurrence, symptoms and negative affect...
May 18, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774538/oral-propranolol-in-the-treatment-of-proliferating-infantile-haemangiomas-the-british-society-for-paediatric-dermatology-consensus-guidelines
#4
L Solman, M Glover, P E Beattie, H Buckley, S Clark, J E Gach, A Giardini, I Helbling, R J Hewitt, B Laguda, S M Langan, A E Martinez, R Murphy, L Proudfoot, J Ravenscroft, H Shahidullah, L Shaw, S B Syed, L Wells, C Flohr
BACKGROUND: Infantile haemangiomas (IH) are the most common vascular tumours of infancy. Despite their frequency and potential complications, there are currently no unified UK guidelines for the treatment of IH with propranolol. There are still uncertainties and diverse opinions regarding indications, pre-treatment investigations, its use in PHACES syndrome, and cessation of treatment. METHODS: This study used a modified Delphi technique, which involved an international treatment survey, a systematic evidence review of the literature, a face-to-face multidisciplinary panel meeting and anonymous voting...
May 17, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773433/-cerebral-and-pulmonary-nocardiosis-to-nocardia-abscessus-in-an-immunocompetent-algerian-patient
#5
D Arrache, H Zait, V Rodriguez-Nava, E Bergeron, T Durand, M Yahiaoui, F Grenouillet, A Amrane, F Chaouche, A Baiod, K Madani, B Hamrioui
Nocardial brain abscess is often occurring in immunocompromised patients. It is uncommon in immunocompetent individuals. Here, the authors describe a case of cerebral and pulmonary nocardiosis mimicking a metastatic tumor in an apparently health 40-year-old Algerian male. The patient presented multiple brain abscess revealed by inaugural epileptic seizure. He was afebrile and presented with left hemiparesis. Staging imaging showed a nodular lung lesion in the apical segment of the right lower lobe. The patient underwent double craniotomy for resection of the lesion...
May 14, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770221/risperidone-induced-type-2-diabetes-presenting-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#6
Clarissa Ern Hui Fang, Mohammed Faraz Rafey, Aine Cunningham, Sean F Dinneen, Francis M Finucane
A 28-year-old male presented with 2 days of vomiting and abdominal pain, preceded by 2 weeks of thirst, polyuria and polydipsia. He had recently started risperidone for obsessive-compulsive disorder. He reported a high dietary sugar intake and had a strong family history of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). On admission, he was tachycardic, tachypnoeic and drowsy with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 10/15. We noted axillary acanthosis nigricans and obesity (BMI 33.2 kg/m2 ). Dipstick urinalysis showed ketonuria and glycosuria...
2018: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766658/ampli-a-construction-set-for-paperfluidic-systems
#7
Elizabeth A Phillips, Anna K Young, Nikolas Albarran, Jonah Butler, Kaira Lujan, Kimberly Hamad-Schifferli, Jose Gomez-Marquez
The design and fabrication of reconfigurable, modular paperfluidics driven by a prefabricated reusable block library, asynchronous modular paperfluidic linear instrument-free (Ampli) block, are reported. The blocks are inspired by the plug-and-play modularity of electronic breadboards that lower prototyping barriers in circuit design. The resulting biochemical breadboard is a paperfluidic construction set that can be functionalized with chemical, biological, and electrical elements. Ampli blocks can form standard paperfluidic devices without any external instrumentation...
May 15, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765679/the-bat-bird-bug-battle-daily-flight-activity-of-insects-and-their-predators-over-a-rice-field-revealed-by-high-resolution-scheimpflug-lidar
#8
Elin Malmqvist, Samuel Jansson, Shiming Zhu, Wansha Li, Katarina Svanberg, Sune Svanberg, Jens Rydell, Ziwei Song, Joakim Bood, Mikkel Brydegaard, Susanne Åkesson
We present the results of, to our knowledge, the first Lidar study applied to continuous and simultaneous monitoring of aerial insects, bats and birds. It illustrates how common patterns of flight activity, e.g. insect swarming around twilight, depend on predation risk and other constraints acting on the faunal components. Flight activity was monitored over a rice field in China during one week in July 2016, using a high-resolution Scheimpflug Lidar system. The monitored Lidar transect was about 520 m long and covered approximately 2...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762062/stop-scrolling-start-living-the-growing-reality-of-internet-addiction-disorder
#9
Brenda K Wiederhold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761026/conservative-management-of-nivolumab-induced-pericardial-effusion-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#10
Shagufta Shaheen, Hamid Mirshahidi, Gayathri Nagaraj, Chung-Tsen Hsueh
Background: Nivolumab is an immune checkpoint inhibitor targeting programmed death-1 protein and has been approved for the treatment of multiple advanced malignancies. Adverse effects of immune checkpoint inhibitors are distinct from conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy and can be life-threatening if left unrecognized. Here, we present a case of nivolumab-induced pericardial effusion successfully managed with high-dose corticosteroids. Case presentation: A 70-year-old Caucasian female with a history of 50-pack-year cigarette smoking was diagnosed of recurrent adenocarcinoma of lung after initial surgery...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760663/suppression-of-urinary-voiding-by-conditional-high-frequency-stimulation-of-the-pelvic-nerve-in-conscious-rats
#11
Charly B J Brouillard, Jonathan J Crook, Pedro P Irazoqui, Thelma A Lovick
Female Wistar rats were instrumented to record bladder pressure and to stimulate the left pelvic nerve. Repeated voids were induced by continuous infusion of saline into the bladder (11.2 ml/h) via a T-piece in the line to the bladder catheter. In each animal tested ( n = 6) high frequency pelvic nerve stimulation (1-3 kHz, 1-2 mA sinusoidal waveform for 60 s) applied within 2 s of the onset of a sharp rise in bladder pressure signaling an imminent void was able to inhibit micturition. Voiding was modulated in three ways: (1) Suppression of voiding (four rats, n = 13 trials)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758393/phase-i-trial-of-brentuximab-vedotin-for-steroid-refractory-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#12
Zachariah DeFilipp, Shuli Li, Maria E Kempner, Jami Brown, Candice Del Rio, Betsy Valles, Chrisa Hunnewell, Meredith Saylor, Julie Vanderklish, Bimalangshu R Dey, Areej El-Jawahri, Steven L McAfee, Thomas R Spitzer, Yi-Bin Chen
We conducted a phase I study of brentuximab vedotin (BV), an antibody-drug conjugate targeting CD30, for the treatment of steroid-refractory chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD). A modified 3+3 study design was used with the primary endpoint to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of BV in this population. Escalating doses of BV were planned, starting with 0.6 mg/kg q3weeks (dose level 0) and increasing by 0.3 mg/kg per dose level. BV was administered in 21-day cycles for up to 16 cycles of therapy...
May 11, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757894/immunosuppression-is-associated-with-clinical-features-and-relapse-risk-of-b-cell-posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder-a-retrospective-analysis-based-on-the-prospective-international-multicenter-ptld-1-trials
#13
Heiner Zimmermann, Nina Babel, Daan Dierickx, Franck Morschhauser, Peter Mollee, Jan M Zaucha, Martin H Dreyling, Ulrich Dührsen, Petra Reinke, Gregor Verhoef, Marion Subklewe, Andreas Hüttmann, Thomas Tousseyn, Emmanuel Bachy, Ingeborg A Hauser, Corrado Tarella, Eric Van Den Neste, Olivier Gheysens, Ioannis Anagnostopoulos, Veronique Leblond, Hanno Riess, Sylvain Choquet, Ralf U Trappe
BACKGROUND: Current guideline recommendations for immunosuppression reduction after diagnosis of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) include stopping antimetabolites, reducing calcineurin inhibitors and maintaining corticosteroids. However, the effect of immunosuppression on PTLD relapse risk after up-to-date therapy is unclear. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of immunosuppression, patient baseline characteristics and relapse risk measured as landmark time to progression (TTP) starting 1 year after start of therapy in 159 patients with B cell PTLD after solid organ transplantation treated in the prospective, international, multicenter PTLD-1 trials with either sequential treatment (rituximab followed by CHOP chemotherapy) or risk-stratified sequential treatment (rituximab followed by rituximab or R-CHOP immunochemotherapy)...
May 11, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757269/combining-quantitative-food-intake-assays-and-forcibly-activating-neurons-to-study-appetite-in-drosophila
#14
Lifen Jiang, Yinpeng Zhan, Yan Zhu
Food consumption is under the tight control of the brain, which integrates the physiological status, palatability, and nutritional contents of the food, and issues commands to start or stop feeding. Deciphering the processes underlying the decision-making of timely and moderate feeding carries major implications in our understanding of physiological and psychological disorders related to feeding control. Simple, quantitative, and robust methods are required to measure the food ingestion of animals after experimental manipulation, such as forcibly increasing the activities of certain target neurons...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754715/assembly-kinetics-of-vimentin-tetramers-to-unit-length-filaments-a-stopped-flow-study
#15
Norbert Mücke, Lara Kämmerer, Stefan Winheim, Robert Kirmse, Jan Krieger, Maria Mildenberger, Jochen Baßler, Ed Hurt, Wolfgang H Goldmann, Ueli Aebi, Katalin Toth, Jörg Langowski, Harald Herrmann
Intermediate filaments (IFs) are principal components of the cytoskeleton, a dynamic integrated system of structural proteins that provides the functional architecture of metazoan cells. They are major contributors to the elasticity of cells and tissues due to their high mechanical stability and intrinsic flexibility. The basic building block for the assembly of IFs is a rod-like, 60-nm-long tetrameric complex made from two antiparallel, half-staggered coiled coils. In low ionic strength, tetramers form stable complexes that rapidly assemble into filaments upon raising the ionic strength...
May 10, 2018: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753464/development-of-the-national-transplant-program-has-significantly-decreased-but-not-ended-transplant-tourism-in-montenegro
#16
M Ratkovic, N Basic Jukic, Z Kastelan, D Radunovic, P Kavaric, J Brezak, M Topalovic Grkovic, T Hudolin, V Prelevic
Organ transplantation has prolonged and improved the lives of many patients around the world. However, a widespread shortage of donors remains the main factor that has led to organ trafficking and transplant tourism. To stop transplant tourism and to provide optimal treatment for its citizens with end-stage renal disease, Montenegro started performing renal transplantations in September 2012. Thirty-five transplantations have been performed since that time, 34 from living donors and only 1 from a deceased donor...
March 12, 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750396/a-phase-1-2-dose-finding-safety-and-activity-study-of-cabazitaxel-in-pediatric-patients-with-refractory-solid-tumors-including-tumors-of-the-central-nervous-system
#17
Peter E Manley, Tanya Trippett, Amy A Smith, Margaret E Macy, Sarah E S Leary, Jessica Boklan, Kenneth J Cohen, Stewart Goldman, Lindsay B Kilburn, Girish Dhall, Jeanne Devin, Cynthia E Herzog, Sonia Partap, Floris Fauchet, Emmy Badreddine, John P Bernard, Susan N Chi
BACKGROUND: This phase 1/2 study (NCT01751308) evaluated cabazitaxel in pediatric patients. Phase 1 determined the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) in patients with recurrent/refractory solid tumors, including central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Phase 2 evaluated activity in pediatric recurrent high-grade glioma (HGG) or diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG). PROCEDURE: In phase 1, a 3 + 3 dose-escalation study design was followed. Cabazitaxel was administered at a starting dose of 20 mg/m2 ...
May 11, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746849/characterisation-of-re-entrant-circuit-or-rotational-activity-in-vitro-using-the-hl1-6-myocyte-cell-line
#18
Charles Houston, Konstantinos N Tzortzis, Caroline Roney, Andrea Saglietto, David S Pitcher, Chris Cantwell, Rasheda A Chowdhury, Fu Siong Ng, Nicholas S Peters, Emmanuel Dupont
Fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia observed in clinical practice. Understanding of the mechanisms underlying its initiation and maintenance remains incomplete. Functional re-entries are potential drivers of the arrhythmia. Two main concepts are still debated, the "leading circle" and the "spiral wave or rotor" theories. The homogeneous subclone of the HL1 atrial-derived cardiomyocyte cell line, HL1-6, spontaneously exhibits re-entry on a microscopic scale due to its slow conduction velocity and the presence of triggers, making it possible to examine re-entry at the cellular level...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743456/-short-term-sustained-virological-response-in-a-patient-with-liver-cirrhosis-hepatitis-c-and-declining-hepatic-spare-ability-during-treatment-with-direct-acting-antivirals
#19
Hitoshi Mori, Hiroaki Takaya, Tadashi Namisaki, Ryuichi Noguchi, Junichi Hanatani, Miki Kaneko, Kenichiro Seki, Yasushi Okura, Mitsuteru Kitade, Akira Mitoro, Junichi Yamao, Hitoshi Yoshiji
A 75-year-old female patient with liver cirrhosis and hepatitis C was treated with direct-acting antivirals (DAA) (Sofosbuvir+Ledipasvir). The hepatitis C virus (HCV) -RNA level decreased to negative 4 weeks after the start of the treatment. Six weeks later, she developed ascites and showed declining hepatic spare ability. Accordingly, DAA treatment was stopped. She was started on furosemide 20mg/day and spironolactone 50mg/day. After 7 days, she started taking tolvaptan 7.5mg/day because furosemide and spironolactone proved to be ineffective...
2018: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742968/corrigendum
#20
(no author information available yet)
Kovner, C. T., Brewer, C. S., Fatehi, F., Jun, J. (2014). What does nurse turnover rate mean and what is the rate. Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice, 15(3-4), 64-71. doi: 10.1177/1527154414547953 The authors wish to make a correction to the above referenced article. Table 4 provides very misleading data, because all the settings and hospital only rates were calculated differently and therefore the rows should not be compared. [Table: see text] The first row (now Table 4a ) includes RN jobs only in any setting...
January 1, 2018: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
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