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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446777/very-high-commutation-quality-factor-and-dielectric-tunability-in-nanocomposite-srtio-3-thin-films-with-t-c-enhanced-to-300-%C3%A2-c
#1
Abhijeet L Sangle, Oon Jew Lee, Ahmed Kursumovic, Wenrui Zhang, Aiping Chen, Haiyan Wang, Judith L MacManus-Driscoll
We report on nanoengineered SrTiO 3 -Sm 2 O 3 nanocomposite thin films with the highest reported values of commutation quality factor (CQF or K-factor) of >2800 in SrTiO 3 at room temperature. The films also had a large tunability of dielectric constant (49%), low tangent loss (tan δ = 0.01) and a Curie temperature for SrTiO 3 > 300 °C, making them very attractive for tunable RF applications. The enhanced properties originate from the unique nanostructure in the films, with <20 nm diameter strain-controlling Sm 2 O 3 nanocolumns embedded in a SrTiO 3 matrix...
February 15, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439866/mass-media-effect-on-vaccines-uptake-during-silent-polio-outbreak
#2
Iftach Sagy, Victor Novack, Michael Gdalevich, Dan Greenberg
BACKGROUND: During 2013, isolation of a wild type 1 poliovirus from routine sewage sample in Israel, led to a national OPV campaign. During this period, there was a constant cover of the outbreak by the mass media. AIMS: To investigate the association of media exposure and OPV and non-OPV vaccines uptake during the 2013 silent polio outbreak in Israel. METHODS: We received data on daily immunization rates during the outbreak period from the Ministry of Health (MoH)...
February 10, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436323/the-elder-abuse-and-neglect-phenomenon-in-the-ultra-orthodox-jewish-society-social-workers-perspectives
#3
Tova Band-Winterstein
BACKGROUND: In the last 30 years, elder abuse and neglect has been recognized as a social and health-related problem. The aim of this paper is to describe the phenomenon of elder abuse and neglect in a separatist faith-based society (ultra-Orthodox Jewish society-UOJS). METHODS: A qualitative-phenomenological study with 28 social workers who underwent in-depth semi-structured interviews based on an interview guide consisting of the following items: visibility of the elder abuse and neglect phenomenon in the ultra-Orthodox society, and dilemmas and sensitive issues that arise when working with this population...
February 13, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425368/value-preferences-of-social-workers
#4
Eugene Tartakovsky, Sophie D Walsh
The current study examines value preferences of social workers in Israel. Using a theoretical framework of person-environment fit paradigm and theory of values, the study compared social workers (N = 641, mean age = 37.7 years, 91 percent female) with a representative sample of Israeli Jews (N = 1,600, mean age = 44.2, 52 percent female). Questionnaires included personal value preferences and sociodemographic variables (gender, age, education, religiosity, and immigrant status). Multivariate analysis of covariance showed that value preferences of social workers differed significantly from those of the general population...
February 7, 2018: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423645/the-inverse-u-shaped-religion-health-connection-among-israeli-jews
#5
Shuli Brammli-Greenberg, Jacob Glazer, Ephraim Shapiro
A growing body of evidence indicates an association between religion and health. However, few have studied the connection between the extent of an individual's religiosity and his health. Analysis of the 2004 Israel National Health Survey was performed. Religiosity was self-identified using five continuous categories, distinctive to Israeli Jews. Bivariate and multivariate analyses examined the relationship between the extent of Religious commitment and several health outcomes. The relationship took the shape of an inverse U function: Israeli Jews in the middle religiously have the worst physical and mental health status on both unadjusted and adjusted bases...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416207/contribution-of-arabic-medicine-and-pharmacy-to-the-development-of-health-care-protection-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina-the-second-part
#6
Izet Masic
After the collapse of the Arab rule, the Arab territorial expanses and cultural heritage were taken over by the Turks. Although scientific progress in the Turkish period slowed down due to numerous unfavorable political-economic and other circumstances. Thanks to the Turks, Arabic culture and useful Islamic principles expanded to the territory of our homeland of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). Significant role in the transfer of Arabic pharmaceutical knowledge was also attributed to the Sephardic Jews who, with their arrival, continued to perform their attar activities, which were largely based on Arab achievements...
December 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391306/incidence-patterns-of-colorectal-cancers-in-four-countries-of-the-middle-east-cancer-consortium-cyprus-jordan-israel-and-%C3%A4-zmir-turkey-compared-with-those-in-the-united-states-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-program
#7
Sultan Eser, Jenny Chang, Haris Charalambous, Barbara Silverman, Anna Demetriou, Cankut Yakut, Omar Nimri, Pavlos Pavlou, Suriye Özgür, Argyrious Ziogas, Lisa Stevens, Kevin Ward, Hoda Anton Culver
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There are wide variations in colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence across the world. Historically, the highest incidence rates have been reported historically in more developed countries; however, increasing trends have been seen in developing countries. Here, we present the CRC incidence pattern in Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, and İzmir, Turkey, which are countries of the Middle East Cancer Consortium (MECC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 2005-2010 CRC data from population-based registries and calculated crude and age standardized rates for CRC, colon and rectum subsites, and annual percent changes (APCs) for trends...
January 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352617/high-frequency-of-c9orf72-hexanucleotide-repeat-expansion-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-patients-from-two-founder-populations-sharing-the-same-risk-haplotype
#8
Orly Goldstein, Mali Gana-Weisz, Beatrice Nefussy, Batel Vainer, Omri Nayshool, Anat Bar-Shira, Bryan J Traynor, Vivian E Drory, Avi Orr-Urtreger
We characterized the C9orf72 hexanucleotide repeat expansion (RE) mutation in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients of 2 distinct origins, Ashkenazi and North Africa Jews (AJ, NAJ), its frequency, and genotype-phenotype correlations. In AJ, 80% of familial ALS (fALS) and 11% of sporadic ALS carried the RE, a total of 12.9% of all AJ-ALS compared to 0.3% in AJ controls (odds ratio [OR] = 44.3, p < 0.0001). In NAJ, 10% of fALS and 9% of sporadic ALS carried the RE, a total of 9.1% of all NAJ-ALS compared to 1% in controls (OR = 9...
December 27, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343291/trends-in-the-performance-of-quality-indicators-for-diabetes-care-in-the-community-and-in-diabetes-related-health-status-an-israeli-ecological-study
#9
Ronit Calderon-Margalit, Michal Cohen-Dadi, Dana Opas, Dena H Jaffe, Jacob Levine, Arie Ben-Yehuda, Ora Paltiel, Orly Manor
BACKGROUND: Israel is one of the few countries that have a national program for quality assessment of community healthcare. We aimed to evaluate whether improved performance in diabetes care was associated with improved health of diabetic patients on a national level. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide ecological study estimating improvements in diabetes-related quality indicators and health outcomes. We estimated both correlations between composite measures of diabetes-related quality indicators and selected outcomes, and assessed through a joinpoint analysis whether trends in selected outcomes changed 4 years after the inception of the national program...
January 17, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331982/a-false-carrier-state-for-the-c-579g-a-mutation-in-the-ncf1-gene-in-ashkenazi-jews
#10
Martin De Boer, Ronit Gavrieli, Karin van Leeuwen, Haike Reznik Wolf, Maya Dushnitzki, Yifaat Bar-Yosef, Anat Bar-Ziv, Doron Behar, Shlomo Lipitz, Tal Elkan Miller, Anton T J Tool, Taco W Kuijpers, Timo K van den Berg, Baruch Wolach, Dirk Roos, Elon Pras
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the NCF1 gene that encodes p47phox, a subunit of the NADPH oxidase complex, cause chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). In Kavkazi Jews, a c.579G>A (p.Trp193Ter) mutation in NCF1 is frequently found, leading to CGD. The same mutation is found in about 1% of Ashkenazi Jews, although Ashkenazi CGD patients with this mutation have never been described. METHODS: We used Sanger sequencing, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), gene scan analysis and Ion Torrent Next Generation Sequencing for genetic analysis, and measured NADPH oxidase activity and p47phox expression...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327352/ultrasound-findings-provide-clues-to-investigate-founder-mutations-expressed-as-runs-of-homozygosity-in-chromosomal-microarray-studies
#11
Hagit Daum, Israela Lerer, Ayala Frumkin, Daniel Rosenak, Nili Yanai, Shay Porat, Simcha Yagel, Vardiella Meiner
OBJECTIVES: Chromosomal microarray analysis is effectively applied prenatally to detect copy number changes. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) probes included in the microarray platform can detect regions of excessive homozygosity and identical-by-descent genomic stretches. The utility of the latter as part of prenatal diagnosis is not well established. Recessive founder mutations are well recognized within distinct ethnic groups. Combining these data with prenatal sonography provides accurate focused molecular diagnoses quickly...
January 11, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308708/-i-treat-him-as-a-normal-patient-unveiling-the-normalization-coping-strategy-among-formal-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia-and-its-implications-for-person-centered-care
#12
Miriam Ethel Bentwich, Nomy Dickman, Amitai Oberman, Ya'arit Bokek-Cohen
INTRODUCTION: Currently, 47 million people have dementia, worldwide, often requiring paid care by formal caregivers. Research regarding family caregivers suggests normalization as a model for coping with negative emotional outcomes in caring for a person with dementia (PWD). The study aims to explore whether normalization coping mechanism exists among formal caregivers, reveal differences in its application among cross-cultural caregivers, and examine how this coping mechanism may be related to implementing person-centered care for PWDs...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284908/contribution-of-arabic-medicine-and-pharmacy-to-the-development-of-health-care-protection-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina-the-first-part
#13
REVIEW
Izet Masic, Armin Skrbo, Nabil Naser, Salih Tandir, Lejla Zunic, Senad Medjedovic, Aziz Sukalo
The time interval from the 9th to the 13th century remained known as the "Golden period of the Arab science", and a significant place among the taught sciences are occupied by Medicine and Pharmacy. In the history of medicine, Islamic medicine, also known as Arabic medicine, refers to the science of medicine developed in the Islamic Golden Age, and written in Arabic Arabs were able to use their cultural and natural resources and trade links to contribute to the strong development of pharmacy. After the collapse of the Arab rule, the Arab territorial expanses and cultural heritage were taken over by the Turks...
October 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276992/a-review-of-epidemiologic-studies-on-suicide-before-during-and-after-the-holocaust
#14
REVIEW
Itzhak Levav, Anat Brunstein Klomek
The available literature on the risk of suicides related to the Holocaust (1939-1945) and its aftermath differs in its time periods, in the countries investigated, and in the robustness of its sources. Reliable information seems to indicate that the risk of suicide for Jews in Nazi Germany and Austria during the pre-war period (1933-1939) was elevated, while information on suicide during the internment in the concentration camps is fraught with problems. The latter derives from the Nazis' decision to hide the statistics on the inmates' causes of death, and from the prevailing life conditions that impeded separation between self-inflicted death and murder...
December 18, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273838/ethnic-inequalities-in-health-between-arabs-and-jews-in-israel-the-relative-contribution-of-individual-level-factors-and-the-living-environment
#15
Nihaya Daoud, Varda Soskolne, Jennifer S Mindell, Marilyn A Roth, Orly Manor
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic inequalities in health (EIH) are unjust public health problem that emerge across societies. In Israel, despite uniform healthcare coverage, marked EIH persist between Arabs and Jews. METHODS: We draw on the ecosocial approach to examine the relative contributions of individual socioeconomic status (SES), psychosocial and health behavioral factors, and the living environment (neighborhood problems, social capital, and social participation) to explaining ethnic differences in self-rated health (SRH)...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248902/are-sense-of-coherence-and-hope-related-constructs-examining-these-concepts-in-three-cultural-groups-in-israel
#16
Orna Braun-Lewensohn, Sarah Abu-Kaf, Tehila Kalagy
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationships between two coping factors which facilitate adoptive adjustment when facing stressful situations. We have examined links between sense of coherence (SOC) and the concept of hope as well as its wish and expectation components and its collective and individual dimensions. We have studied three cultural groups in Israel: secular Jews, religious Jews and Bedouin Arabs. METHOD: Data were collected during two military operations (Pillar of Clouds and Protective Edge) from 385 adolescents aged 12-18; 76 secular Jews, 110 religious Jews and 199 Bedouin Arabs...
2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205835/colonoscopy-conversion-after-flexible-sigmoidoscopy-screening-results-from-the-uk-bowel-scope-screening-programme
#17
Keith Siau, Andrew Yew, Sauid Ishaq, Sarah Jewes, Sharan Shetty S, Matthew Brookes, Andrew Veitch, Brian McKaig, Aravinth Murugananthan
INTRODUCTION: In the UK Bowel Scope screening programme (BSSP), patients progress to colonoscopy based on high-risk features on flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS). OBJECTIVE: To assess practice of colonoscopy conversion and predictors of additional adenoma detection on colonoscopy. DESIGN: The Bowel Cancer Screening database was interrogated and collated with endoscopic and histological findings from patients undergoing colonoscopy following FS between August 2013 and August 2016...
December 5, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195625/the-experience-of-stuttering-among-ultra-orthodox-and-secular-traditional-jews
#18
Debora Freud, Ruth Ezrati-Vinacour, Nitza Katz-Bernstein, Leah Fostick
PURPOSE: This groundbreaking research compares the experience of stuttering among adult male People Who Stutter (PWS) from the ultra-Orthodox (UO) Jewish community in Israel to those from Secular/Traditional (ST) backgrounds. METHODS: Participants were 32 UO and 31 ST PWS, aged 18-67 years. Self-report questionnaires utilized: Perceived Stuttering Severity (PSS); Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience of Stuttering (OASES-A); Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (SLSS); Situation Avoidance Behavior Checklist (SABC)...
December 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194270/trend-and-demographic-characteristics-of-maxillofacial-fractures-in-level-i-trauma-center
#19
Omri Emodi, Amir Wolff, Hanna Srouji, Hany Bahouth, Dani Noy, Imad Abu El Naaj, Adi Rachmiel
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the pattern and treatment of craniomaxillofacial injuries in the northern part of Israel, within a Jewish majority and large Arab minority population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 5-year retrospective study evaluated patients treated for craniomaxillofacial fractures. Fracture cause, type, site, and patient demographics were evaluated. RESULTS: Patient age ranged from 1 to 94 years with an average age of 36...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192695/israel-transcutaneous-bilirubin-nomogram-predicts-significant-hyperbilirubinemia
#20
R Bromiker, A Goldberg, M Kaplan
OBJECTIVE: We constructed a transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) nomogram to represent major sectors of the Israeli population. We studied the risk of hyperbilirubinemia, defined as meeting the requirements for phototherapy, per percentile risk category. STUDY DESIGN: Newborns ⩾36 weeks gestation were tested daily for TcB, using Drager JM-103 devices, during birth hospitalization. A nomogram was constructed and divided into four risk groups and validated by calculating the need for phototherapy for each group...
December 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
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