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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812022/histopathologic-differences-between-jewish-and-arab-population-in-israel-at-first-time-presentation-with-bladder-cancer
#1
Ofir Avitan, Zaher Bahouth, Sarel Halachmi, Sagi Shprits, Ismail Masarwa, Edmond Sabo, Boaz Moskovitz, Ofer Nativ
BACKGROUND: Pathology of urothelial carcinoma may vary in different populations at diagnosis. Our aim was to evaluate the histopathologic differences between Jewish and Arab patients in Israel at first diagnosis of urothelial cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected data of all patients with confirmed urothelial cancer, treated at our department between January 2010 and January 2015. We examined the distribution of the histopathologic data among the studied populations...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804384/migration-and-changes-in-loneliness-over-a-4-year-period-the-case-of-older-former-soviet-union-immigrants-in-israel
#2
Pnina Dolberg, Sharon Shiovitz-Ezra, Liat Ayalon
Both older adult and immigrant populations are at a high risk of loneliness. The current research compares older veteran Israelis to older immigrants who arrived in Israel from the former Soviet Union (FSU) after 1989. Early studies have found high levels of loneliness among older FSU immigrants; however, little is known regarding changes in loneliness among this group over time. The present study examines change in loneliness among older FSU immigrants and older veteran Jewish Israelis and its potential predictors...
December 2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797086/epigenetic-differences-between-monozygotic-twins-discordant-for-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-als-provide-clues-to-disease-pathogenesis
#3
Paul E Young, Stephen Kum Jew, Michael E Buckland, Roger Pamphlett, Catherine M Suter
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating late-onset neurodegenerative disorder in which only a small proportion of patients carry an identifiable causative genetic lesion. Despite high heritability estimates, a genetic etiology for most sporadic ALS remains elusive. Here we report the epigenetic profiling of five monozygotic twin pairs discordant for ALS, four with classic ALS and one with the progressive muscular atrophy ALS variant, in whom previous whole genome sequencing failed to uncover a genetic basis for their disease discordance...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791563/differences-in-quality-of-life-between-jewish-and-arab-patients-on-hemodialysis
#4
Orly Romano-Zelekha, Eliezer Golan, Anneke Ifrah, Talia Weinstein, Tamy Shohat
PURPOSE: Higher health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in dialysis patients has been associated with fewer hospitalizations and lower mortality. Since Arab patients on dialysis have better survival rates than Jewish patients, we hypothesized that they would have higher HRQOL. We also studied the impact of several risk factors on HRQOL in each population. METHODS: Based on a national dialysis registry, patients from 64 hemodialysis units were recruited to participate...
August 8, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782970/review-of-cold-war-freud-psychiatry-in-communist-europe-and-psiquiatr%C3%A3-a-psico%C3%A3-nalisis-y-cultura-comunista-batallas-ideol%C3%A3-gicas-en-la-guerra-fria-psychiatry-psychoanalysis-and-communist-culture-ideological-battles-in-the-cold-war
#5
Marco Innamorati
Reviews the books, Cold War Freud by D. Herzog (2016), Psychiatry in Communist Europe edited by M. Savelli and S. Marks (2015), and Psiquiatría, Psicoánalisis y Cultura Comunista: Batallas Ideológicas en la Guerra Fria [Psychiatry, psychoanalysis and communist culture: Ideological battles in the Cold War] by H. Vezzetti. On the whole, the three books show how the Cold War influenced, in various ways, psychiatric and psychotherapeutic cultures. Beyond the Iron Curtain, as one can perceive from the book edited by Savelli and Marks (2015), politics explicitly set the agenda for the psychological sciences, using them even to invent ad hoc nosologies, useful for purposes related to power...
August 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754795/impact-of-sixteen-established-pancreatic-cancer-susceptibility-loci-in-american-jews
#6
Samantha A Streicher, Alison P Klein, Sara H Olson, Laufey T Amundadottir, Andrew T DeWan, Hongyu Zhao, Harvey A Risch
BACKGROUND: The higher risk of pancreatic cancer in Ashkenazi Jews compared to non-Jews is only partially explained by the increased frequency of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in Ashkenazi Jews. METHODS: We evaluated the impact of 16 established pancreatic cancer susceptibility loci in a case-control sample of American Jews, largely Ashkenazi, including 406 full-Jewish pancreatic cancer patients and 2,332 full-Jewish controls, genotyped as part of the Pancreatic Cancer Cohort and Case-Control Consortium I/II (PanScan I/II), Pancreatic Cancer Case-Control Consortium (PanC4), and Resource for Genetic Epidemiology Research on Adult Health and Aging (GERA) data sets...
July 28, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748769/the-role-of-victimization-in-shaping-households-preparedness-for-armed-conflicts-in-israel
#7
Moran Bodas, Maya Siman-Tov, Shulamith Kreitler, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVES: One of the most prominent threats to the Israeli population is the risk from armed conflicts. Yet, promoting preparedness behavior proves to be highly difficult. Arguably, this is partially due to the chronic exposure of the Israeli public to this threat, a.k.a. "Victimization." The purpose of this study was to examine whether victimization plays a prominent role in shaping preparedness behavior toward armed conflicts in Israel. METHODS: An online survey of 502 participants representing the adult Jewish population in Israel was carried out...
July 27, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731848/usability-acceptability-and-impact-of-a-pediatric-teledermatology-mobile-health-application
#8
Alexander G Fiks, Linda Fleisher, Lindsay Berrigan, Emily Sykes, Stephanie L Mayne, Rachel Gruver, Katherine Halkyard, Olivia S Jew, Patrick FitzGerald, Flaura Winston, Patrick McMahon
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric dermatology appointment wait times often exceed several months. We evaluated the usability, acceptability, and clinical impact of a store-and-forward teledermatology mobile application (app) linking families with pediatric dermatologists. METHODS: Parents of children age 6 weeks to 17 years or individuals 18-21 years old were invited (by e-mail or referral) to participate in this single group, prospective study. Within the app, users photographed the skin condition, answered questions, and submitted their case for review...
July 21, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731586/pregnancy-in-women-with-non-classic-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-time-to-conceive-and-outcome
#9
Ori Eyal, Irit Ayalon-Dangur, Anat Segev-Becker, Anita Schachter-Davidov, Shoshana Israel, Naomi Weintrob
OBJECTIVE: Non-classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (NCAH) is common among Ashkenazi Jews (1:400). It is associated with various degrees of postnatal virilization, irregular menses and infertility. Therapy of symptomatic subjects consists of physiologic doses of glucocorticoids. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of glucocorticoid treatment on fertility and on pregnancy outcome in women with NCAH. DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS: This retrospective study included 75 women diagnosed with NCAH who were followed in our clinic and sought fertility between 2008 and 2015...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730557/extrinsic-religious-orientation-and-disordered-eating-pathology-among-modern-orthodox-israeli-adolescents-the-mediating-role-of-adherence-to-the-superwoman-ideal-and-body-dissatisfaction
#10
Sarah L Weinberger-Litman, Yael Latzer, Leib Litman, Rachel Ozick
The role of religious and spiritual factors has been recognized with regard to risk factors for disordered eating pathology (DEP). Specifically, religious orientation, or underlying religious motivation, has been associated with DEP among a variety of religious groups. Extrinsic religious orientation has consistently been found to be associated with increased levels of DEP among Christians and Jews in the USA. However, this paradigm has not been investigated cross-culturally. The current study is the first to examine the association of extrinsic religious orientation and DEP among Modern Orthodox Israeli adolescents...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725097/surviving-the-holocaust-socio-demographic-differences-among-amsterdam-jews
#11
Peter Tammes
This study determined the victimisation rate among Amsterdam Jews and socio-demographic differences in surviving the Holocaust. After linking a registration list of over 77,000 Jewish inhabitants in 1941 to post-war lists of Jewish victims and survivors, the victimisation rate lies between 74.3 and 75.3 %. Differences in survival chances and risk of being killed are examined by using multivariable logistic and Cox regression analyses. While male Jews had a reduced risk of death, in the end their survival chances hardly differed from females...
2017: European Journal of Population
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714977/the-promise-of-discovering-population-specific-disease-associated-genes-in-south-asia
#12
Nathan Nakatsuka, Priya Moorjani, Niraj Rai, Biswanath Sarkar, Arti Tandon, Nick Patterson, Gandham SriLakshmi Bhavani, Katta Mohan Girisha, Mohammed S Mustak, Sudha Srinivasan, Amit Kaushik, Saadi Abdul Vahab, Sujatha M Jagadeesh, Kapaettu Satyamoorthy, Lalji Singh, David Reich, Kumarasamy Thangaraj
The more than 1.5 billion people who live in South Asia are correctly viewed not as a single large population but as many small endogamous groups. We assembled genome-wide data from over 2,800 individuals from over 260 distinct South Asian groups. We identified 81 unique groups, 14 of which had estimated census sizes of more than 1 million, that descend from founder events more extreme than those in Ashkenazi Jews and Finns, both of which have high rates of recessive disease due to founder events. We identified multiple examples of recessive diseases in South Asia that are the result of such founder events...
July 17, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707865/religion-and-science-in-the-eastern-mediterranean
#13
COMMENT
Robert Morrison
“Science and Orthodox Christianity: An Overview” is an ambitious survey that reminds scholars of science in Islamic societies that the conversation between Islam and science is really a conversation between Islam and science in different contexts and that conversations between Islam and science can be found with less renowned scientific developments such as prophetic medicine. This response points out parallels in how Greek Orthodox and Ottoman Muslim scholars mediated new developments in Western European science and in how both Greek Orthodox and some Ottoman Muslim scholars propounded a mathematical humanism...
September 2016: Isis; An International Review Devoted to the History of Science and its Cultural Influences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705191/knowledge-and-understanding-of-health-insurance-challenges-and-remedies
#14
Andrew J Barnes, Yaniv Hanoch
As coverage is expanded in health systems that rely on consumers to choose health insurance plans that best meet their needs, interest in whether consumers possess sufficient understanding of health insurance to make good coverage decisions is growing. The recent IJHPR article by Green and colleagues-examining understanding of supplementary health insurance (SHI) among Israeli consumers-provides an important and timely answer to the above question. Indeed, their study addresses similar problems to the ones identified in the US health care market, with two notable findings...
July 13, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704323/time-trends-in-the-incidence-and-mortality-of-ovarian-cancer-in-ireland-northern-ireland-and-israel-1994-2013
#15
Lital Keinan-Boker, Barbara G Silverman, Paul M Walsh, Anna T Gavin, Catherine Hayes
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to compare time trends in ovarian cancer incidence and mortality in populations with (1) similar genetics but different health care systems (Ireland and Northern Ireland [NI]) and (2)different genetics but similar health care system (Israeli Jews and Arabs) and to interpret the results. METHODS: Age-standardized rates of ovarian cancer incidence and mortality for 1994-2013 in the 3 countries were obtained from national cancer registries and national statistics...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699676/influence-of-multi-wavelength-laser-irradiation-of-enamel-and-dentin-surfaces-at-0-355-2-94-and-9-4%C3%A2-%C3%AE-m-on-surface-morphology-permeability-and-acid-resistance
#16
Nai-Yuan N Chang, Jamison M Jew, Jacob C Simon, Kenneth H Chen, Robert C Lee, William A Fried, Jinny Cho, Cynthia L Darling, Daniel Fried
OBJECTIVE: Ultraviolet (UV) and infrared (IR) lasers can be used to specifically target protein, water, and mineral, respectively, in dental hard tissues to produce varying changes in surface morphology, permeability, reflectivity, and acid resistance. The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of laser irradiation and topical fluoride application on the surface morphology, permeability, reflectivity, and acid resistance of enamel and dentin to shed light on the mechanism of interaction and develop more effective treatments...
July 12, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696824/age-appropriate-versus-up-to-date-coverage-of-routine-childhood-vaccinations-among-young-children-in-israel
#17
Chen Stein-Zamir, Avi Israeli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Routine childhood vaccinations schedules recommend that children receive the vaccine doses at specific ages. Vaccination coverage data are conventionally reported by the up-to-date method. We aimed to assess vaccination timeliness by the age-appropriate method and compare with the up-to-date vaccination coverage. METHODS: Assessment of age-appropriate and up-to-date vaccination coverage among children born in Israel in 2009 and followed to age 48 months (national representative sample, n = 3892)...
July 11, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680441/the-origins-of-ashkenaz-ashkenazic-jews-and-yiddish
#18
Ranajit Das, Paul Wexler, Mehdi Pirooznia, Eran Elhaik
Recently, the geographical origins of Ashkenazic Jews (AJs) and their native language Yiddish were investigated by applying the Geographic Population Structure (GPS) to a cohort of exclusively Yiddish-speaking and multilingual AJs. GPS localized most AJs along major ancient trade routes in northeastern Turkey adjacent to primeval villages with names that resemble the word "Ashkenaz." These findings were compatible with the hypothesis of an Irano-Turko-Slavic origin for AJs and a Slavic origin for Yiddish and at odds with the Rhineland hypothesis advocating a Levantine origin for AJs and German origins for Yiddish...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680191/influence-of-multi-wavelength-laser-irradiation-of-enamel-and-dentin-surfaces-on-surface-morphology-and-permeability
#19
Nai-Yuan N Chang, Jamison Jew, Jacob C Simon, Kenneth H Chan, Robert C Lee, William A Fried, Jinny Cho, Cynthia L Darling, Daniel Fried
UV and IR lasers can be used to specifically target protein, water, and the mineral phase of dental hard tissues to produce varying changes in surface morphology. In this study, we irradiated enamel and dentin surfaces with various combinations of lasers operating at 0.355, 2.94, and 9.4 μm, exposed those surfaces to topical fluoride, and subsequently evaluated the influence of these changes on surface morphology and permeability. Digital microscopy and surface dehydration rate measurements were used to monitor changes in the samples overtime...
January 28, 2017: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675488/eicosapentaenoic-acid-and-docosahexaenoic-acid-containing-supplements-modulate-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-placebo-control-human-clinical-trials
#20
S AbuMweis, S Jew, R Tayyem, L Agraib
BACKGROUND: Over 200 clinical trials have examined the effect of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplements on risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease. However, an updated analysis of the evidence is lacking. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to quantify the effect of supplements containing EPA and DHA on risk factors for cardiovascular disease. METHODS: An analysis was carried on 171 clinical trials with acceptable quality (Jadad score ≥3) that were identified from a comprehensive electronic search strategy of two databases (Pubmed and Cochrane Library)...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
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