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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205835/colonoscopy-conversion-after-flexible-sigmoidoscopy-screening-results-from-the-uk-bowel-scope-screening-programme
#1
Keith Siau, Andrew Yew, Sauid Ishaq, Sarah Jewes, Sharan Shetty S, Matthew Brookes, Andrew Veitch, Brian McKaig, Aravinth Murugananthan
INTRODUCTION: In the UK Bowel Scope screening programme (BSSP), patients progress to colonoscopy based on high-risk features on flexible sigmoidoscopy (FS). OBJECTIVE: To assess practice of colonoscopy conversion and predictors of additional adenoma detection on colonoscopy. DESIGN: The Bowel Cancer Screening database was interrogated and collated with endoscopic and histological findings from patients undergoing colonoscopy following FS between August 2013 and August 2016...
December 5, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195625/the-experience-of-stuttering-among-ultra-orthodox-and-secular-traditional-jews
#2
Debora Freud, Ruth Ezrati-Vinacour, Nitza Katz-Bernstein, Leah Fostick
PURPOSE: This groundbreaking research compares the experience of stuttering among adult male People Who Stutter (PWS) from the ultra-Orthodox (UO) Jewish community in Israel to those from Secular/Traditional (ST) backgrounds. METHODS: Participants were 32 UO and 31 ST PWS, aged 18-67 years. Self-report questionnaires utilized: Perceived Stuttering Severity (PSS); Overall Assessment of the Speaker's Experience of Stuttering (OASES-A); Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (SLSS); Situation Avoidance Behavior Checklist (SABC)...
December 2017: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194270/trend-and-demographic-characteristics-of-maxillofacial-fractures-in-level-i-trauma-center
#3
Omri Emodi, Amir Wolff, Hanna Srouji, Hany Bahouth, Dani Noy, Imad Abu El Naaj, Adi Rachmiel
AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the pattern and treatment of craniomaxillofacial injuries in the northern part of Israel, within a Jewish majority and large Arab minority population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 5-year retrospective study evaluated patients treated for craniomaxillofacial fractures. Fracture cause, type, site, and patient demographics were evaluated. RESULTS: Patient age ranged from 1 to 94 years with an average age of 36...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192695/israel-transcutaneous-bilirubin-nomogram-predicts-significant-hyperbilirubinemia
#4
R Bromiker, A Goldberg, M Kaplan
OBJECTIVE: We constructed a transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) nomogram to represent major sectors of the Israeli population. We studied the risk of hyperbilirubinemia, defined as meeting the requirements for phototherapy, per percentile risk category. STUDY DESIGN: Newborns ⩾36 weeks gestation were tested daily for TcB, using Drager JM-103 devices, during birth hospitalization. A nomogram was constructed and divided into four risk groups and validated by calculating the need for phototherapy for each group...
December 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188546/the-treachery-trope-anti-semitism-as-indicative-of-a-psycho-spiritual-disease-associated-with-the-betrayal-of-cultural-ideals-and-of-the-self
#5
Ronald Glasberg
The study seeks to place anti-semitism in a wider context by exploring the dynamics of betrayal-a designation often attributed to Jews, but also attributed to many victimized groups who are also deemed to be treacherous. The study argues that what lies at the heart of this practice is the betrayal (on the part of the victimizers) of ideological or personal principles that have not been realized. Instead of taking responsibility for this painful failure, those who have betrayed their principles project their treachery onto a set of victims who are accordingly punished as the 'true' embodiments of treachery...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144512/ashkenazi-jewish-genomic-variants-integrating-data-from-the-israeli-national-genetic-database-and-gnomad
#6
Joël Zlotogora, George P Patrinos, Vardiella Meiner
PurposeThe aim of the study was to compare the data for mutations related to clinical disorders reported among Ashkenazi Jewish patients in the Israeli National Genetic Database (INGD) with variants included in the Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD).MethodsWe extracted data for mutations claimed to cause disorders reported among Ashkenazi Jews from the INGD and searched gnomAD for each of them. We compared the allele frequency of each variant in Ashkenazi Jews with that of other delineated populations.ResultsOf the 58 INGD-reported mutations related to autosomal-dominant disorders, 19 were present in gnomAD (32...
November 16, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141082/diagnostic-accuracy-of-pediatric-teledermatology-using-parent-submitted-photographs-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Daniel M O'Connor, Olivia S Jew, Marissa J Perman, Leslie A Castelo-Soccio, Flaura K Winston, Patrick J McMahon
Importance: Advances in smartphone photography (both quality and image transmission) may improve access to care via direct parent-to-clinician telemedicine. However, the accuracy of diagnoses that are reliant on parent-provided photographs has not been formally compared with diagnoses made in person. Objective: To assess whether smartphone photographs of pediatric skin conditions taken by parents are of sufficient quality to permit accurate diagnosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective study was conducted among 40 patient-parent dyads at a pediatric dermatology clinic at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia from March 1 to September 30, 2016, to assess concordance between diagnoses made by an independent pediatric dermatologist based on in-person examination and those based on parental photographs...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140448/internal-locus-of-control-health-literacy-and-health-an-israeli-cultural-perspective
#8
Orna Baron-Epel, Diane Levin-Zamir, Vicki Cohen, Asher Elhayany
The association between health literacy (HL) and health outcomes, including self-perceived health (SPH) has been well documented. Yet the complexity of this association is not yet completely clear. Drawing on the Health Literacy Scale (HLS) study in Israel, we examined the association between HL, Internal Health Locus of Control (IHLOC) and SPH among Jews and Arabs. A face-to-face survey was conducted among 242 Arabs and 358 Jews. The questionnaire measured SPH, IHLOC and two measures of HL: a European HLScale (HLS-EU-16) and the Hebrew/Arabic Health Literacy Test (H/AHLT), based on the Short Test Of Functional Health Literacy in Adults...
November 13, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126459/emergency-department-waiting-times-in-a-tertiary-children-s-hospital-in-israel-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Oren Feldman, Raviv Allon, Ronit Leiba, Itai Shavit
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess ethnic differences in Emergency Department (ED) waiting times between Jewish and Arab children in a tertiary childrens' hospital in Israel. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of all children who were admitted to the pediatric ED of the largest hospital in northern Israel, between January 2011 and December 2015. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess the strength of association between ethnicity category and waiting time...
November 10, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090462/ethnic-variations-in-the-epidemiology-of-bullous-pemphigoid-in-israel
#10
Khalaf Kridin, Reuven Bergman
BACKGROUND: No ethnic or geographic predisposition to bullous pemphigoid (BP) was reported so far. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate trends in the incidence of BP in northern Israel, shedding light on differences between two distinct ethnic populations who inhabit the same region, namely Jews and Arabs. METHODS: Bullous pemphigoid incidence was retrospectively estimated from January 2000-December 2015 in two Israeli regions with a total population of 1...
October 31, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077633/diagnostic-change-from-atypical-intraepidermal-melanocytic-proliferation-to-melanoma-is-more-likely-when-clinically-visible-residual-pigment-remains-after-biopsy
#11
Olivia Jew, Christopher J Miller, Thuzar M Shin, Joseph F Sobanko, Jeremy R Etzkorn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062130/anti-semitism-and-xenophobia
#12
Ilany Kogan
This paper explores the link between anti-Semitism and xenophobia from a psychoanalytic prism. The author claims that anti-Semitism is a particular form of xenophobia directed against Jews, with some unique characteristics. She first introduces some basic notions about xenophobia, and then discusses the origins of anti-Semitism as they are viewed in early psychoanalytic thinking and in contemporary psychoanalysis. The article explores the nature of anti-Semitism in society today, and presents some reflections on the interplay between anti-Semitism and other kinds of xenophobia...
December 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029963/genetic-risk-factors-in-finnish-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Susanna Ylönen, Ari Siitonen, Michael A Nalls, Pauli Ylikotila, Jaana Autere, Johanna Eerola-Rautio, Raphael Gibbs, Mikko Hiltunen, Pentti J Tienari, Hilkka Soininen, Andrew B Singleton, Kari Majamaa
INTRODUCTION: Variation contributing to the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) has been identified in several genes and at several loci including GBA, SMPD1, LRRK2, POLG1, CHCHD10 and MAPT, but the frequencies of risk variants seem to vary according to ethnic background. Our aim was to analyze how variation in these genes contributes to PD in the Finnish population. METHODS: The subjects consisted of 527 Finnish patients with early-onset PD, 325 patients with late-onset PD and 403 population controls...
September 29, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987777/palestinian-arab-ethnicity-is-associated-with-an-adverse-metabolic-phenotype
#14
Ram Weiss, Hisham Nassar, Ronit Sinnreich, Wiessam Abu-Ahmad, James Otvos, Jeremy D Kark
Urban-dwelling Palestinians have been shown to have higher cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and prevalence of diabetes than urban Israelis. Inflammation is implicated in the etiology of these conditions. We hypothesized that increased inflammatory activation, manifested as increased GlycA, a novel biomarker of global inflammation, would be evident in Palestinians. We compared GlycA concentrations between Palestinians and Israelis and assessed the associations of GlycA with anthropometric, health behavioral and clinical variables in a sample of 1674 Palestinians and Israelis aged 25-74, residing in Jerusalem...
October 4, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982344/ankylosing-spondylitis-among-familial-mediterranean-fever-patients
#15
Mira Merashli, Mohammad Hassan A. Noureldine, Yehia Tfayli, Ali Jawad, Imad Uthman
Background: Familial Mediterranean Fever(FMF) is one of the most common hereditary auto-inflammatory diseases especially among Arabs, Armenians, Jews, and Turks characterized by recurrent attacks of fever, abdominal pain and arthritis.Whether the prevalence of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is increasedin FMF patients is a matter of debate.This review will summarize all the literature datarelevant to this topic. Methods: We searched all the articles throughPubMedand Embase databasesfrom 1963 untilnow addressing the relationship betweenASand FMF patients...
October 3, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976926/environmental-influences-on-physical-activity-among-rural-adults-in-montana-united-states-views-from-built-environment-audits-resident-focus-groups-and-key-informant-interviews
#16
Brian K Lo, Emily H Morgan, Sara C Folta, Meredith L Graham, Lynn C Paul, Miriam E Nelson, Nicolette V Jew, Laurel F Moffat, Rebecca A Seguin
Rural populations in the United States have lower physical activity levels and are at a higher risk of being overweight and suffering from obesity than their urban counterparts. This paper aimed to understand the environmental factors that influence physical activity among rural adults in Montana. Eight built environment audits, 15 resident focus groups, and 24 key informant interviews were conducted between August and December 2014. Themes were triangulated and summarized into five categories of environmental factors: built, social, organizational, policy, and natural environments...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969362/author-s-reply-impact-on-health-and-healthcare-costs-if-monounsaturated-fatty-acids-were-substituted-for-conventional-dietary-oils-in-the-united-states
#17
Mohammad M H Abdullah, Stephanie Jew, Peter J H Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951006/genetic-portrait-of-jewish-populations-based-on-three-sets-of-x-chromosome-markers-indels-alu-insertions-and-strs
#18
J F Ferragut, K Bentayebi, R Pereira, J A Castro, A Amorim, C Ramon, A Picornell
Population genetic data for 53 X-chromosome markers (32 X-indels, 9 X-Alu insertions and 12 X-STRs) are reported for five populations with Jewish ancestry (Sephardim, North African Jews, Middle Eastern Jews, Ashkenazim, and Chuetas) and Majorca, as the host population of Chuetas. Genetic distances between these populations demonstrated significant differences, except between Sephardic and North African Jews, with the Chuetas as the most differentiated group, in accordance with the particular demographic history of this population...
September 18, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948342/pediatric-mycosis-fungoides-a-study-of-the-human-leukocyte-antigen-system-among-israeli-jewish-patients
#19
Ofer Reiter, Dan Ben Amitai, Iris Amitay-Laish, Moshe Israeli, Lev Pavlovsky, Emmilia Hodak
Pediatric mycosis fungoides (MF) is a rare disease characterized by over-representation of atypical clinical variants, with a different prognosis from adult MF. Several human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles have been associated with MF in certain adult populations, including Israeli Jews. However, HLA data on pediatric MF as a group are lacking. To evaluate the possible association of the HLA system with pediatric MF, 59 Israeli Jewish patients diagnosed with MF at age ≤ 18 years underwent high- and intermediate-resolution genotyping for HLA class I (HLA-A*, HLA-B*) and class II (HLA-DRB1*, DQB1*) loci...
September 25, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942756/association-between-schizophrenia-and-an-autoimmune-bullous-skin-disease-pemphigus-a-population-based-large-scale-study
#20
K Kridin, S Zelber-Sagi, D Comaneshter, A D Cohen
AIMS: Immunological hypotheses have become increasingly prominent suggesting that autoimmunity may be involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia was found to be associated with a wide range of autoimmune diseases. However, the association between pemphigus and schizophrenia has not been established yet. We aimed to estimate the association between pemphigus and schizophrenia using a large-scale real-life computerised database. METHODS: This study was conducted as a cross-sectional study utilising the database of Clalit Health Services...
September 25, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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