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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541281/revisiting-the-prevalence-of-nonclassic-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-in-us-ashkenazi-jews-and-caucasians
#1
Fady Hannah-Shmouni, Rachel Morissette, Ninet Sinaii, Meredith Elman, Toni R Prezant, Wuyan Chen, Ann Pulver, Deborah P Merke
PurposeNonclassic 21-hydroxylase deficiency, a mild form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), is estimated to be the most common autosomal recessive condition, with an especially high prevalence in Ashkenazi Jews (3.7% affected, 30.9% carriers), based on a 1985 HLA-B linkage study of affected families. Affected individuals, especially women, may suffer from hyperandrogenism and infertility. State-of-the-art genetic studies have not been done to confirm these remarkable rates.MethodsCYP21A2 genotyping was performed in 200 unrelated healthy Ashkenazi Jewish subjects and 200 random US Caucasians who did not self-identify as a specific ethnicity using multiplex minisequencing, real-time polymerase chain reaction and junction site analysis...
May 25, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536732/pemphigus-vulgaris-and-pemphigus-foliaceus-differences-in-epidemiology-and-mortality
#2
Khalaf Kridin, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Reuven Bergman
Little is known about differences in epidemiological features and prognosis between pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and pemphigus foliaceus (PF). The objective of this study was to compare PV and PF patients regarding ethnic variations and mortality rates. Mortality of PV and PF patients was compared with age- and gender-matched control subjects in the general population. The study cohort comprised 207 patients with PV and 30 with PF diagnosed during the period 2000 to 2015. The incidence rate of PV among Jews was 3...
May 24, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509084/whole-exome-sequencing-identifies-a-novel-homozygous-frameshift-mutation-in-the-mtmr2-gene-as-a-causative-mutation-in-a-patient-with-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-type-4b1
#3
Tameemi Abdalla-Moady, Amir Peleg, Orit Sadeh, Khader Badarneh, Fuad Fares
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease refers to a heterogeneous group of axonal and demyelinating polyneuropathies, characterized by chronic motor and sensory dysfunction. CMT is the most common genetic cause of neuropathy. The present study aimed to identify the gene mutation responsible for CMT in Ashkenazi Jew (AJ) patient. Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood leukocytes of affected family and normal subject. Whole-exome sequencing was performed using the Illumina HiSeq2500. The DNA region containing the identified mutation was amplified by PCR and sequenced using dye-terminator chemistry and the forward primer...
May 16, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502252/differential-analysis-of-mutations-in-the-jewish-population-and-their-implications-for-diseases
#4
Yaron Einhorn, Daphna Weissglas-Volkov, Shai Carmi, Harry Ostrer, Eitan Friedman, Noam Shomron
Sequencing large cohorts of ethnically homogeneous individuals yields genetic insights with implications for the entire population rather than a single individual. In order to evaluate the genetic basis of certain diseases encountered at high frequency in the Ashkenazi Jewish population (AJP), as well as to improve variant annotation among the AJP, we examined the entire exome, focusing on specific genes with known clinical implications in 128 Ashkenazi Jews and compared these data to other non-Jewish populations (European, African, South Asian and East Asian)...
May 15, 2017: Genetics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498301/seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-a-12-years-following-the-implementation-of-toddlers-vaccination-a-population-based-study-in-israel
#5
Ravit Bassal, Merav Weil, Daniel Cohen, Danit Sofer, Ella Mendelson, Tamy Shohat
BACKGROUND: In 1999, Israel became the first country to introduce an inactivated hepatitis A vaccine into its national childhood vaccination program. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the seroprevalence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibodies in the Israeli population before and after the introduction of the program. METHODS: A cross-sectional serosurvey using the National Serum Bank was conducted on 1,883 and 2,027 serum samples collected before and after introduction of the vaccine, respectively...
May 11, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497706/striking-ethnic-variations-in-the-epidemiology-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-in-haifa-district-israel-throughout-the-years-2001-2015
#6
Khalaf Kridin, Mogher Khamaisi, Shmuel Rishpon, Rami Grifat
Our objectives were to examine trends in the incidence of chlamydia over an extended period and compare the epidemiology of the infection between two distinct ethnic groups in Israel: Jews and Arabs. We examined the incidence rate of Chlamydia trachomatis infection among residents of Haifa District, northern Israel from 2001 to 2015, by reviewing archives of the Department of Epidemiology, Ministry of Health. Notified cases were stratified by age group, gender, and ethnic group. The overall incidence rate of Chlamydia was 10...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495112/inequalities-in-non-communicable-diseases-between-the-major-population-groups-in-israel-achievements-and-challenges
#7
REVIEW
Khitam Muhsen, Manfred S Green, Varda Soskolne, Yehuda Neumark
Israel is a high-income country with an advanced health system and universal health-care insurance. Overall, the health status has improved steadily over recent decades. We examined differences in morbidity, mortality, and risk factors for selected non-communicable diseases (NCDs) between subpopulation groups. Between 1975 and 2014, life expectancy in Israel steadily increased and is currently above the average life expectancy for the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. Nevertheless, life expectancy has remained lower among Israeli Arabs than Israeli Jews, and this gap has recently widened...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495109/health-and-health-care-in-israel-an-introduction
#8
REVIEW
A Mark Clarfield, Orly Manor, Gabi Bin Nun, Shifra Shvarts, Zaher S Azzam, Arnon Afek, Fuad Basis, Avi Israeli
Starting well before Independence in 1948, and over the ensuing six decades, Israel has built a robust, relatively efficient public system of health care, resulting in good health statistics throughout the life course. Because of the initiative of people living under the British Mandate for Palestine (1922-48), the development of many of today's health services predated the state's establishment by several decades. An extensive array of high-quality services and technologies is available to all residents, largely free at point of service, via the promulgation of the 1994 National Health Insurance Law...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495101/maternal-and-child-health-in-israel-building-lives
#9
REVIEW
Lisa Rubin, Ilana Belmaker, Eli Somekh, Jacob Urkin, Mary Rudolf, Mira Honovich, Natalya Bilenko, Zachi Grossman
Israel is home to a child-oriented society that values strong family ties, universal child benefits, and free education for all children from 3 years of age to school grade 12. Alongside the universal health-care services that are guaranteed by the National Health Insurance Law and strong, community-based primary and preventive care services, these values have resulted in good maternal and child health. In 2015, infant and maternal mortality (3·1 deaths per 1000 livebirths and 2·0 deaths per 100 000 livebirths, respectively) were lower than the mean infant and maternal mortality of countries within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485020/pegylated-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-versus-non-pegylated-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-for-peripheral-blood-stem-cell-mobilization-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Jew W Kuan, Anselm T Su, Chooi F Leong
Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) mobilizes and increases the amount of hematopoietic stem cells in peripheral blood, enabling its harvest by few apheresis procedures. The pegylated G-CSF has longer half-life and is given once only, which is more comfortable for patients, whereas the non-pegylated requires multiple daily injection because of its short half-life. We summarized results of randomized trials comparing the efficacy and safety of pegylated and non-pegylated G-CSF for peripheral blood stem cell mobilization...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481942/adult-arabs-have-higher-risk-for-diabetes-mellitus-than-jews-in-israel
#11
Anat Jaffe, Shmuel Giveon, Liat Wulffhart, Bernice Oberman, Maslama Baidousi, Arnona Ziv, Ofra Kalter-Leibovici
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus is an emerging epidemic in the Arab world. Although high diabetes prevalence is documented in Israeli Arabs, information from cohort studies is scant. METHODS: This is a population study, based on information derived between 2007-2011, from the electronic database of the largest health fund in Israel, among Arabs and Jews. Prevalence, 4-year-incidence and diabetes hazard ratios [HRs], adjusted for sex and the metabolic-syndrome [MetS]-components, were determined in 3 age groups (<50 years, 50-59 years, and ≥60 years)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481778/the-relationship-between-body-image-gender-subjective-norms-and-the-decision-to-undergo-preventive-mastectomy-among-arab-and-jewish-brca-carriers
#12
Majeda Kardosh, Yoram Bar-Tal, Sivia Barnoy
BACKGROUND: Carriers for a mutation in BRCA1/2 genes have a high, lifelong risk for developing breast cancer. Preventive mastectomy is considered an effective risk reduction surgery. Many factors might affect the decision to undergo preventive mastectomy, including culture, perceived body image after mastectomy and important others opinion. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate BRCA mutation carriers' decision to undergo preventive mastectomy and the relationship between culture, gender, body image, and the decision...
May 5, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480670/a-group-of-italian-doctors-save-jews-during-the-holocaust-an-ingenious-ploy
#13
George M Weisz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471611/clinical-profile-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-impact-of-ethnic-and-social-diversities-in-israel
#14
Muhammad Mahajnah, Rajech Sharkia, Nadeem Shorbaji, Nathanel Zelnik
BACKGROUND: Despite the increased worldwide recognition of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), there is a variability in the diagnostic rate of both ADHD and its co-morbidities. These diversities are probably related to the methodology and instruments used for the diagnosis of ADHD and to awareness and cultural interpretation of its existence. OBJECTIVES: To identify consistent differences in the clinical profile of Arab and Jewish children with ADHD in Israel who differ in their cultural, ethnic and socioeconomic background...
June 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457110/nicotine-addiction-and-withdrawal-among-orthodox-jews-the-effect-of-sabbath-abstinence
#15
Gabriel Munter, Yehuda Brivik, Yossi Freier-Dror, Shoshana Zevin
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is a widespread problem around the world. In Israel, the prevalence of smoking is 23%. Smokers who are Orthodox abstain from smoking during the Sabbath, i.e., from sundown Friday to sundown Saturday, due to a religious prohibition. The prevalence of smoking among Orthodox men is 13%. However, there are no data on patterns of smoking or on the addiction profiles in this population. OBJECTIVES: To explore the smoking patterns, motivation for smoking and nicotine addiction among Orthodox Jewish men, compared to non-Orthodox men, as well as the differences in the urge to smoke and withdrawal symptoms on Saturday versus weekdays in the Orthodox group...
January 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450757/selective-removal-of-natural-caries-lesions-from-dentin-and-tooth-occlusal-surfaces-using-a-diode-pumped-er-yag-laser
#16
Jamison Jew, Kenneth H Chan, Cynthia L Darling, Daniel Fried
Selective removal of caries lesions with high precision is best accomplished using lasers operating at high pulse repetition rates utilizing small spot sizes. Conventional flash-lamp pumped Er:YAG lasers are poorly suited for this purpose, but new diode-pumped solid-state (DPSS) Er:YAG lasers have become available operating at high pulse repetition rates. Microradiography was used to determine the mineral content of the demineralized dentin of 200-μm thick sections with natural caries lesions prior to laser ablation...
January 28, 2017: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428838/a-national-strategic-plan-for-reducing-the-burden-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-israel-by-the-year-2025
#17
Daniel Chemtob, Dan Gandacu, Zohar Mor, Itamar Grotto, Emilia Anis, Elliot Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: There is on ongoing debate in the literature regarding the real burden of STIs (sexually transmitted infections) in Western countries and the proper strategies needed to estimate and to prevent them. Our purpose is to present an evidence-based national strategic plan for STI prevention in Israel through assessing the current burden of illness, leading international preventive strategies, and practical policymaking experience. METHODS: Epidemiologic and health policy data on STIs were analyzed from various sources: a) systematic national surveillance data for the years 2002-2014; b) the international scientific literature (published between 2002-16; keywords: Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) (or STI) AND prevention AND intervention AND gonorrhea OR chlamydia OR syphilis; c) internal Ministry of Health (MOH) analyses and reports, and d) expert opinion...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419353/the-effect-of-ramadan-fast-on-the-incidence-of-renal-colic-emergency-department-visits
#18
Iftach Sagy, Vladimir Zeldetz, Daniel Halperin, Muhammad Abu Tailakh, Victor Novack
Background: Renal colic (RC) is one of the most common reasons for emergency department (ED) visits. Although RC is associated with high ambient temperature and with physiological changes that occur during fast, the literature onbetween Ramadan and RC incidence is scarce. Methods: We obtained health data of patients visited the emergency department (ED) of a large tertiary center during the years 2004-2015, with a primary diagnosis of RC. To estimate the association of RC and Ramadan, we utilized bi-weekly RC incidence Poisson models adjusted for ambient temperature and seasonality in two ethnic groups residing in the region: Muslims and Jews...
April 13, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391294/pitfalls-of-the-geographic-population-structure-gps-approach-applied-to-human-genetic-history-a-case-study-of-ashkenazi-jews
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370385/familial-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-in-israel-a-disproportionate-distribution-among-ashkenazi-jews
#20
Mor Zada, Daniele Lerner, Yuval Piltz, Chava Perry, Irit Avivi, Yair Herishanu
BACKGROUND: Relatives of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are at increased risk of developing CLL. Familial CLL is defined as more than one case of CLL among blood relatives, a phenomenon reported in approximately 5%-10% of all CLL patients. OBJECTIVE: Given the known predisposition of CLL among Ashkenazi Jews, we studied the features of familial CLL in an Israeli population. METHODS: This is a retrospective study, in which we reviewed the demographics, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of a total of 332 patients with CLL/small lymphocytic lymphoma...
March 31, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
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