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Compartment syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332783/out-of-hospital-lateral-canthotomy-and-cantholysis-a-case-series-and-screening-tool-for-identification-of-orbital-compartment-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
Robert Whitford, Sara Continenza, Jeremy Liebman, Jason Peng, Elizabeth K Powell, Peter V R Tilney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331736/dysfunctional-telomeres-and-hematological-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Elena Fiorini, Andrea Santoni, Simona Colla
Telomere biology disorders, which are characterized by telomerase activity haploinsufficiency and accelerated telomere shortening, most commonly manifest as degenerative diseases. Tissues with high rates of cell turnover, such as those in the hematopoietic system, are particularly vulnerable to defects in telomere maintenance genes that eventually culminate in bone marrow (BM) failure syndromes, in which the BM cannot produce sufficient new blood cells. Here, we review how telomere defects induce degenerative phenotypes across multiple organs, with particular focus on how they impact the hematopoietic stem and progenitor compartment and affect hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) self-renewal and differentiation...
January 4, 2018: Differentiation; Research in Biological Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327078/the-role-of-the-thioredoxin-thioredoxin-reductase-system-in-the-metabolic-syndrome-towards-a-possible-prognostic-marker
#3
REVIEW
Alexey A Tinkov, Geir Bjørklund, Anatoly V Skalny, Arne Holmgren, Margarita G Skalnaya, Salvatore Chirumbolo, Jan Aaseth
Mammalian thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) is a selenoprotein with three existing isoenzymes (TrxR1, TrxR2, and TrxR3), which is found primarily intracellularly but also in extracellular fluids. The main substrate thioredoxin (Trx) is similarly found (as Trx1 and Trx2) in various intracellular compartments, in blood plasma, and is the cell's major disulfide reductase. Thioredoxin reductase is necessary as a NADPH-dependent reducing agent in biochemical reactions involving Trx. Genetic and environmental factors like selenium status influence the activity of TrxR...
January 11, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319656/isolated-rhabdomyolysis-of-the-infraspinatus-muscle-following-the-crossfit-sissy-test-a-report-of-two-cases
#4
Howard D Routman, Jacob J Triplet, Jennifer Kurowicki, Neil Singh
CASE: Following the completion of a CrossFit-style challenge (the "Sissy Test"), 2 patients presented with severe pain and swelling over the posterior aspect of the scapula. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated isolated edema of the infraspinatus muscle in both patients; the compartments were compressible. Neurovascular checks and observation of range of motion were performed. The patients were treated nonoperatively and were discharged with the diagnosis of overuse syndrome with rhabdomyolysis of the infraspinatus muscle...
January 10, 2018: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318344/severe-casualties-from-bastille-day-attack-in-nice-france
#5
Federico Solla, Joseph Carboni, Arnaud Fernandez, Audrey Dupont, Nathalie Chivoret, Gilles Brézac, Virginie Rampal, Jean Bréaud
PURPOSE: To describe the most severe casualties from the July 14th, 2016 terror attack in Nice that were treated at the Lenval University Children's Hospital (LUCH) of Nice (France). METHODS: Retrospective study about casualties treated at LUCH from Bastille Day Attack with injuries resulting in the need for surgery, resuscitation, or death. The type of lesions and surgery, duration of hospitalizations, complications, psychological status, and outcome at discharge were collected...
January 9, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318024/congenital-cranial-ventral-abdominal-hernia-peritoneopericardial-diaphragmatic-hernia-and-sternal-cleft-in-a-4-year-old-multiparous-pregnant-queen
#6
Camille Bismuth, Claire Deroy
Case summary: Cranial ventral midline hernias, most often congenital, can be associated with other congenital abnormalities, such as sternal, diaphragmatic or cardiac malformations. A 4-year-old multiparous queen with a substernal hernia was admitted for evaluation of a mammary mass. During CT examination, a bifid sternum, the abdominal hernia containing the intestines, spleen, omentum, three fetuses, a mammary mass and an incidental peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia were identified...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316189/acute-lumbar-paraspinal-compartment-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
William Alexander, Nelson Low, George Pratt
While still a rare entity, acute lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome has an increasing incidence. Similar to other compartment syndromes, acute lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome is defined by raised pressure within a closed fibro-osseous space, limiting tissue perfusion within that space. The resultant tissue ischaemia presents as acute pain, and if left untreated, it may result in permanent tissue damage. A literature search of 'paraspinal compartment syndrome' revealed 21 articles. The details from a case encountered by the authors are also included...
January 8, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315124/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-of-the-forearm-in-motocross-riders
#8
Joseph Humpherys, Zachary Lum, Jondy Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312856/acute-compartment-syndrome-of-the-thigh-following-hip-replacement-by-anterior-approach-in-a-patient-using-oral-anticoagulants
#9
Dirk Pieter Hogerzeil, Imraan Muradin, Eline W Zwitser, Joris A Jansen
Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) of the thigh following primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a highly uncommon complication and has not yet been reported before with regards to the anterior approach through the anterior supine interval. We present a case of a 69-year-old male patient with a history of stroke, who developed ACS of the thigh after elective THA while using therapeutic low molecular weight heparin as bridging for regular oral anticoagulation. ACS pathogenesis, diagnostic tools, treatment and relevant literature are discussed...
December 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308942/bilateral-orbital-compartment-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation
#10
Sonia Huang, Michelle T Sun, Davis Garry, Fitzgerald Jude, Selva Dinesh, Tim Henderson
A 39-year-old male developed bilateral periorbital oedema and tense orbits in keeping with orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) shortly after presenting to the emergency department for uncontrollable epistaxis. Bilateral lateral canthotomy and inferior cantholysis was performed within 30 minutes of onset, with the left side further decompressed via superior cantholysis. Computed tomography demonstrated bilateral proptosis and optic nerve stretch, but no intraorbital haemorrhage or haematoma. Laboratory findings were consistent with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and sepsis of unknown origin...
January 8, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307747/the-u2af-homology-motif-kinase-1-uhmk1-is-upregulated-upon-hematopoietic-cell-differentiation
#11
Isabella Barbutti, João Agostinho Machado-Neto, Vanessa Cristina Arfelli, Paula de Melo Campos, Fabiola Traina, Sara Teresinha Olalla Saad, Leticia Fröhlich Archangelo
UHMK1 (KIS) is a nuclear serine/threonine kinase that possesses a U2AF homology motif and phosphorylates and regulates the activity of the splicing factors SF1 and SF3b155. Mutations in these components of the spliceosome machinery have been recently implicated in leukemogenesis. The fact that UHMK1 regulates these factors suggests that UHMK1 might be involved in RNA processing and perhaps leukemogenesis. Here we analyzed UHMK1 expression in normal hematopoietic and leukemic cells as well as its function in leukemia cell line...
January 4, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305371/isolated-lateral-leg-compartment-syndrome-following-an-ankle-sprain
#12
Joao Teixeira, Carlos Queirós, Nuno Reais, Nuno Tavares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304959/editorial-commentary-hip-arthroscopy-pump-pressure-must-be-managed-and-monitored
#13
EDITORIAL
Mininder S Kocher
Fluid pump management is essential for successful hip arthroscopy. Low pressures can lead to poor visualization. High pressures can lead to fluid extravasation and complications. Fluid extravasation during hip arthroscopy can lead to intra-abdominal compartment syndrome, which can be life-threatening. Risk factors for extravasation included higher pump pressures and iliopsoas tenotomy. By accurately measuring pump pressures, minimizing the necessary pressure, avoiding excessive capsulotomies, performing iliopsoas tenotomy only if needed and performing it at the end of the operation, and monitoring the patient for abdominal distention and hypothermia, complications can be minimized...
January 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290012/a-nomogram-based-on-clinical-factors-to-predict-the-serum-myoglobin-levels-following-bariatric-surgery
#14
Yusef Moulla, Orestis Lyros, Daniela Adolf, Thorsten Kaiser, Arne Dietrich
BACKGROUND: Increased serum myoglobin levels following bariatric surgery can predict rhabdomyolysis, a severe postoperative complication, which can induce acute kidney injury (AKI). The aim of this study is to evaluate clinical factors to predict increased postoperative serum myoglobin levels following bariatric surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum myoglobin levels were studied in 281obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery in the University Hospital Leipzig, Germany between May 2012 and June 2015...
December 30, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273369/carbon-monoxide-and-hydrogen-sulphide-reduce-reperfusion-injury-in-abdominal-compartment-syndrome
#15
Patrick B Murphy, Aurelia Bihari, Neil G Parry, Ian Ball, Ken Leslie, Kelly Vogt, Abdel-Rahman Lawendy
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide (CO)- and hydrogen sulphide-releasing molecules (CORM-3 and GYY4137, respectively) have been shown to be potent antioxidant and antiinflammatory agents at the tissue and systemic level. We hypothesized that both CORM-3 and GYY4137 would reduce the significant organ dysfunction associated with abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Randomized trial was conducted where ACS was maintained for 2 hours in 27 rats using an abdominal plaster cast and intraperitoneal CO2 insufflation at 20 mmHg...
February 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273198/enlarged-adipocytes-in-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-associated-to-hyperandrogenism-and-visceral-adipose-tissue-volume-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#16
Bárbara Echiburú, Francisco Pérez-Bravo, José E Galgani, Daniel Sandoval, Carolina Saldías, Nicolás Crisosto, Manuel Maliqueo, Teresa Sir-Petermann
CONTEXT: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an androgen excess disorder associated with obesity and adipose tissue disturbances. Our aim was to evaluate gene expression of adipocytokines and adipocyte characteristics in abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) of PCOS women. DESIGN: Twelve PCOS (PCOSw) and 12 control (Cw) premenopausal women (BMI 20-35 kg/m2) were included, with measurements of whole-body composition assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and abdominal subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) volume, by magnetic resonance imaging...
February 2018: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260951/-ulnar-artery-pseudoaneurysm-and-compartment-syndrome-formation-after-snake-bite-to-the-left-forearm-by-lan-pin-et%C3%A2-al-clin-toxicol-phila-2017-nov-10
#17
Chin-Lung Cheng, Liao-Chun Chiang, Cheng-Hsuan Ho, Po-Yu Liu, Chih-Sheng Lai, Kuo-Lung Lai, Wen-Loung Lin, Yan-Chiao Mao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260019/influenza-a-h3n2-induced-rhabdomyolysis-complicating-anterior-compartment-syndrome-serial-changes-in-muscle-mri-t2-fat-suppression-imaging
#18
Tadanori Hamano, Akiko Matsunaga, Osamu Yamamura, Masako Nakamura, Yasutaka Kawamura, Itsuro Higuchi, Masaru Kuriyama, Yasunari Nakamoto
Background: Rhabdomyolysis with influenza infection is rarely reported in adults. We report here influenza A induced rhabdomyolysis and anterior compartment syndrome (ACS). Case report: This case report describes a 43-year-old woman exhibiting influenza A induced rhabdomyolysis. High levels of creatine kinase (97,000 IU/L) and high titer of anti-influenza A virus antibody (H3N2) (320 ×) with negative anti-influenza B virus antibody were observed. T2 fat suppression muscle MRI imaging showed high-intensity signals in rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, adductor magnus, and semimembranosus (SM) muscles...
June 2017: ENeurologicalSci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259454/management-of-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome-with-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-based-on-intravesical-pressure-measurement
#19
Hiroshi Makino, Tatsuro Furui, Tomomi Shiga, Motoki Takenaka, Keiko Terazawa, Ken-Ichiro Morishige
There are few reports on abdominal compartment syndrome that are caused by ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). Here, a case of a 29 year old woman is reported in which intravesical pressure measurement was useful in the management of severe OHSS that had been complicated by abdominal compartment syndrome. The patient's urinary output and general condition did not improve after the initial treatment. The woman's intra-abdominal pressure was evaluated indirectly, based on her intravesical pressure, and was found to be significantly elevated...
January 2017: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245336/amelioration-of-acute-orbital-compartment-syndrome-following-transvenous-embolization-for-an-indirect-carotid-cavernous-fistula-a-case-report
#20
Yun-Hsiu Hsieh, Tzu-Heng Weng, Ming-Cheng Tai, Ke-Hung Chien
RATIONALE: Orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) is a rare occurrence after transvenous embolization of indirect carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF). A lateral canthotomy and cantholysis are the most commonly performed surgical interventions. In our case, as the acute OCS occurred immediately after an uneventful transvenous embolization, an orbital floor orbitectomy was performed. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we present a rare case of a 59-year-old patient who required a transvenous embolization of an indirect CCF and subsequently immediately developed an acute OCS...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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