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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636123/sem-imaging-of-the-stimulatory-response-of-raw264-7-cells-against-porphyromonas-gingivalis-using-a-simple-technique-employing-new-conductive-materials
#1
Chisato Takahashi, Yoshiki Umemura, Ayako Naka, Hiromitsu Yamamoto
In the medical biology, it is essential to understand not only biological morphology but also the interaction between biological materials and agents. To study these, electron microscopy (EM) is often utilized. However, sample preparation techniques for EM require a high level of skill and a considerable time. Here, we conducted EM using a simple technique employing a conductive liquid, BEL-1, and compared the results with another simple technique employing an ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([BMIM][BF4 ])...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636122/hidradenitis-suppurativa-in-down-syndrome-a-case-series
#2
Issam Hamadah, Mansoor Haider, Muzamil Chisti, Yousef Binamer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Many dermatologic and systemic diseases have been reported in association with hidradenitis suppurativa, but its association with Down syndrome is rarely mentioned in the literature. The objective of the current study was to assess the frequency of hidradenitis suppurativa in patients with Down syndrome who visited our clinic over 4 years. METHODS: We recorded the presenting complaints and dermatologic problems of patients with Down syndrome who visited our clinic from January 2011 to December 2014...
June 21, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635986/optimism-symptom-distress-illness-appraisal-and-coping-in-patients-with-advanced-stage-cancer-diagnoses-undergoing-chemotherapy-treatment
#3
Catherine Sumpio, Sangchoon Jeon, Laurel L Northouse, M Tish Knobf
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationships between optimism, self-efficacy, symptom distress, treatment complexity, illness appraisal, coping, and mood disturbance in patients with advanced-stage cancer.
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.
. SETTING: Smilow Cancer Hospital at Yale New Haven in Connecticut, an outpatient comprehensive cancer center.
. SAMPLE: A convenience sample of 121 adult patients with stages III-IV cancer undergoing active chemotherapy...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635980/improving-self-efficacy-and-self-care-in-adult-patients-with-a-urinary-diversion-a-pilot-study
#4
Kyle Merandy, Meredith A Morgan, Richard Lee, Douglas S Scherr
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a multimodality educational intervention for improving self-efficacy (SE) and self-care in patients with a new urinary diversion (UD).
. DESIGN: Two-arm randomized, controlled trial.
. SETTING: Academic medical center in New York.
. SAMPLE: 8 adults diagnosed with bladder cancer requiring UD.
. METHODS: A multimodality educational intervention consisting of video, Microsoft PowerPoint® slides, and medical illustrations was developed...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635872/-the-current-views-of-the-problem-of-the-plastic-correction-of-the-laryngo-tracheal-defects-in-the-patients-presenting-with-combined-laryngeal-stenoses
#5
L V Selezneva
The present review of the literature is designed to analyze the currently available methods for the plastic correction of the laryngo-tracheal defects in the patients presenting with combined laryngeal stenoses at the concluding stage of their medical rehabilitation. We looked through 56 literature sources including 28 publications of the foreign authors. The different approaches to the plastic correction of the laryngo-tracheal defects have been critically considered with special reference to their advantages and disadvantages...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635867/-the-investigations-into-the-amino-acid-composition-of-the-tooth-for-the-purpose-of-forensic-medical-personality-identification
#6
Yu I Pigolkin, G V Zolotenkova, P S Velenko, B N Izotov
The increasingly greater requirements for the new approaches to the forensic medical personality identification necessitate the extensive search for and the development of the precise methods enabling the experts to determine the general personality signs in the cases of mass mortality and the large number of victims with the conspicuous post-mortem changes in their appearance including those associated with putrefaction and strong fragmentation of the bodies. This article presents the analytical review demonstrating that determination of the victims' age in the combination with the analysis of the amino acid composition of dental tissues provides a promising tool for the investigations not only in the fields of archeology and anthropology but also for the purpose of personality identification in forensic medicine...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635535/effect-of-the-previous-reproductive-outcomes-in-subfertile-women-after-in-vitro-fertilization-ivf-and-or-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-icsi-treatments-on-perinatal-anxious-and-depressive-symptomatology
#7
Francesca Agostini, Fiorella Monti, Marcella Paterlini, Federica Andrei, Stefano Palomba, Giovanni Battista La Sala
INTRODUCTION: The present study aims to investigate the effects of previous reproductive outcomes on the levels of depression, anxiety and perceived social support in subfertile women who conceived after in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was developed. Data were collected on subfertile patients who conceived after IVF/ICSI treatment. All demographic and clinical data were recorded...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635521/assessment-of-an-innovative-voluntary-substance-abuse-treatment-program-designed-to-replace-compulsory-drug-detention-centers-in-malaysia
#8
Farrah Khan, Archana Krishnan, Mansur A Ghani, Jeffrey A Wickersham, Jeannia J Fu, Sin How Lim, Sangeeth Kaur Dhaliwal, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: As part of an ongoing initiative by the Malaysian government to implement alternative approaches to involuntary detention of people who use drugs, the National Anti-Drug Agency has created new voluntary drug treatment programs known as Cure and Care (C&C) Centers that provide free access to addiction treatment services, including methadone maintenance therapy, integrated with social and health services. OBJECTIVES:   We evaluated early treatment outcomes and client satisfaction among patients accessing C&C treatment and ancillary services at Malaysia's second C&C Center located in Kota Bharu, Kelantan...
February 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635379/corrigendum
#9
(no author information available yet)
Gilliam, T. B. (2016). RESPONSE: Workplace Health & Safety, 64(11), 521. (Original doi: 10.1177/2165079916676829) This response incorrectly referred in the text to the lead author of the letter to the editor "Concerns With Medical and Pharmacy Costs for New Hire Nurses" as Churchill. This author's surname should have been listed as Burchill.
June 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634655/effect-of-adherence-on-pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic-relationships-of-oral-targeted-anticancer-drugs
#10
Evelina Cardoso, Chantal Csajka, Marie P Schneider, Nicolas Widmer
The emergence of oral targeted anticancer agents transformed several cancers into chronic conditions with a need for long-term oral treatment. Although cancer is a life-threatening condition, oncology medication adherence-the extent to which a patient follows the drug regimen that is intended by the prescriber-can be suboptimal in the long term, as in any other chronic disease. Poor adherence can impact negatively on clinical outcomes, notably because most of these drugs are given as a standard non-individualized dosage despite marked inter-individual variabilities that can lead to toxic or inefficacious drug concentrations...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634539/using-mhealth-technologies-to-improve-the-identification-of-behavioral-health-problems-in-urban-primary-care-settings
#11
Martha Staeheli, Robert H Aseltine, Elizabeth Schilling, Daren Anderson, Bruce Gould
INTRODUCTION: Behavioral health disorders remain under recognized and under diagnosed among urban primary care patients. Screening patients for such problems is widely recommended, yet is challenging to do in a brief primary care encounter, particularly for this socially and medically complex patient population. METHODS: In 2013, intervention patients at an urban Connecticut primary clinic were screened for post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and risky drinking (n = 146) using an electronic tablet-based screening tool...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634503/monitoring-the-diagnostic-process-on-an-inpatient-neurology-service
#12
Amar Dhand, Robert Bucelli, Arun Varadhachary, Michael Tsiaklides, Gabriela de Bruin, Gurpreet Dhaliwal
The Institute of Medicine report Improving Diagnosis in Health Care called for tools to monitor physicians' diagnostic process. We addressed this need by developing a tool for clinicians to record and analyze their diagnostic process. The tool was a secure web application in which clinicians used a structured grading system to assess the relative impact of clinical, laboratory, and neuroimaging data for every new diagnosis. Four neurohospitalists used the tool for 6.5 months on a general neurology ward service at a single tertiary-level teaching hospital...
July 2017: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634056/a-new-and-accurate-predictive-model-for-the-efficacy-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-in-managing-patients-with-chronic-plantar-fasciitis
#13
Mengchen Yin, Ni Chen, Quan Huang, Anastasia Sulindro Marla, Junming Ma, Jie Ye, Wen Mo
OBJECTIVES: To identify factors for the outcome of a minimum clinically successful therapy and to establish a predictive model of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) in managing patients with chronic plantar fasciitis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled, prospective study. SETTING: Outpatient of local medical center settings. PARTICIPANTS: Patients treated for symptomatic chronic plantar fasciitis between 2014 and 2016 (N=278)...
June 17, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634003/spasticity-video-challenge-a-look-at-methods-for-addressing-difficult-cases
#14
Katharine E Alter, Mark Gormley, Atul T Patel
As seen in this CME online activity (available at http://courses.elseviercme.com/spasticity/662e), treatment of patients with spasticity due to upper motor neuron syndromes, including traumatic brain injury, stroke, and cerebral palsy, is multifaceted, involving chemodenervation, systemic medications, surgical therapy, rehabilitation efforts, and home care. Optimal care begins with the recognition that each patient's impairments are unique and must be assessed carefully to determine the impact of muscle overactivity, loss of dexterity, and weakness on passive and active function in the context of the patients' goals...
June 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633986/gray-matter-abnormalities-in-non-comorbid-medication-naive-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-or-social-anxiety-disorder
#15
Youjin Zhao, Lizhou Chen, Wenjing Zhang, Yuan Xiao, Chandan Shah, Hongru Zhu, Minlan Yuan, Huaiqiang Sun, Qiang Yue, Zhiyun Jia, Wei Zhang, Weihong Kuang, Qiyong Gong, Su Lui
BACKGROUND: An overlap of clinical symptoms between major depressive disorder (MDD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD) suggests that the two disorders exhibit similar brain mechanisms. However, few studies have directly compared the brain structures of the two disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the gray matter volume (GMV) and cortical thickness alterations between non-comorbid medication-naive MDD patients and SAD patients. METHODS: High-resolution T1-weighted images were acquired from 37 non-comorbid MDD patients, 24 non-comorbid SAD patients and 41 healthy controls (HCs)...
June 15, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633756/immunotherapy-the-wave-of-the-future-in-bladder-cancer
#16
Daniel P Petrylak
Urothelial cell carcinoma (UC) is one of the most common cancers and one of the most deadly. Metastatic UC is particularly hard to treat, because it is typically diagnosed when patients are elderly and have medical comorbidities. Many patients with metastatic UC are unable to receive cisplatin-based chemotherapy, due to older age at diagnosis and comorbidities, and even when platinum chemotherapy can be administered, it has limited success in prolonging survival. Recently, improved understanding of molecular targets and immunologic characteristics of urothelial tumor cells has resulted in new therapeutic approaches that may help optimize first- and second-line therapy...
June 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633697/capacity-strengthening-through-pre-migration-tuberculosis-screening-programmes-irhwg-experiences
#17
P Douglas, D L Posey, D Zenner, J Robson, I Abubakar, G Giovinazzo
Effective tuberculosis (TB) prevention and care for migrants requires population health-based approaches that treat the relationship between migration and health as a progressive, interactive process influenced by many variables and addressed as far upstream in the process as possible. By including capacity building in source countries, pre-migration medical screening has the potential to become an integral component of public health promotion, as well as infection and disease prevention, in migrant-receiving nations, while simultaneously increasing capabilities in countries of origin...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633533/in-the-modern-era-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-is-cardiac-rehabilitation-engagement-purely-a-patient-or-a-service-level-decision
#18
Abdulrahman Al Quait, Patrick Doherty, Nils Gutacker, Joseph Mills
Aims Despite the proven benefits of cardiac rehabilitation (CR), utilization rates remain below recommendation in the percutaneous coronary intervention cohort in most European countries. Although extensive research has been carried out on CR uptake, no previous study has investigated the factors that lead patients to attend the initial CR baseline assessment (CR engagement). This paper attempts to provide new insights into CR engagement in the growing percutaneous coronary intervention population. Methods and results In total, we analysed data on 59,807 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention during 2013 to 2016 (mean age 65 years; 25% female)...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633460/guidelines-for-composing-and-assessing-a-paper-on-treatment-of-pain
#19
Nikolai Bogduk, David J Kennedy, Yakov Vorobeychik, Andrew Engel
Authors, readers, and editors share a common focus. Authors want to publish their work. Readers want to see high-quality, new information. Referees and editors serve to ensure that authors provide valid conclusions based on the quality of information that readers want. Common to each of these roles are instructions to authors. However, these are typically written in an uninspiring, legalistic style, as if they are a set of rules that authors must obey if they expect to get published. This renders the instructions boring and oppressive, if not forbidding...
June 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633384/correlates-of-dyspnoea-and-its-association-with-adverse-outcomes-in-a-cohort-of-adults-aged-80-and-over
#20
Eralda Hegendörfer, Bert Vaes, Catharina Matheï, Gijs Van Pottelbergh, Jean-Marie Degryse
Background: adults aged 80 and over, a fast growing age-group, with increased co-morbidity and frailty have not been the focus of previous research on dyspnoea. We investigate the correlates of dyspnoea and its association with adverse outcomes in a cohort of adults aged 80 and over. Methods: about 565 community-dwelling adults aged 80 and over of the BELFRAIL prospective cohort had assessment of Medical Research Council dyspnoea scale (MRC), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), physical performance tests, grip strength, 15 items geriatric depression scale, activities of daily living (ADL), body mass index (BMI) and demographics data...
June 14, 2017: Age and Ageing
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