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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329626/associations-between-indoor-tanning-and-risky-health-related-behaviors-among-high-school-students-in-the-united-states
#1
Stephanie Chapman, Kurt Ashack, Eric Bell, Myra Ann Sendelweck, Robert Dellavalle
Understanding of the associations between indoor tanning and risky health related behaviors such as sexual activity and substance abuse among adolescents across the United States is incomplete. The purpose of this study is to identify risky health related behaviors among high school students utilizing indoor tanning according to region. We analyzed the results from surveys of adolescents in 14 different states administered as part of the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) 2013. Data were collected and analyzed over a 4-month period from January 2016 to April 2016...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329605/psoriasis-in-latin-america
#2
Edgardo Chouela, Mario Amaya, Angela Londoño, Ricardo Romiti, Fernando Valenzuela, Artur A Duarte, Ricardo Perez Alfonzo, Cecilia Borlenghi
During the last few decades, management of psoriasis has changed worldwide, owing to a better understanding of its pathophysiology and the introduction of new treatments. As experts in the field of dermatology, specialists from Latin America collaborated to develop this review and further provide an update on the current state of psoriasis management in Latin America. With the goal of summarizing the latest information on psoriasis in most countries in Latin America, we conducted a literature search to obtain relevant articles published in the medical/scientific literature in Latin American countries over the last 10 years; in addition, we completed a questionnaire comprised of 20 questions on important issues related to psoriasis...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329602/glycopyrrolate-induced-craniofacial-compensatory-hyperhidrosis-successfully-treated-with-oxybutynin-report-of-a-novel-adverse-effect-and-subsequent-successful-treatment
#3
Megan E Prouty, Ryan Fischer, Deede Liu
Hyperhidrosis, or abnormally increased sweating, is a condition that may have a primary or secondary cause. Usually medication- induced secondary hyperhidrosis manifests with generalized, rather than focal sweating. We report a 32-year-old woman with a history of palmoplantar hyperhidrosis for 15 years who presented for treatment and was prescribed oral glycopyrrolate. One month later, the palmoplantar hyperhidrosis had resolved, but she developed new persistent craniofacial sweating. After an unsuccessful trial of clonidine, oxybutynin resolved the craniofacial hyperhidrosis...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329586/cd30-lymphoproliferative-disorder-in-a-patient-with-metastatic-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#4
Jeremy Udkoff, Philip R Cohen
Background CD30+ lymphoproliferative disorders are rare and may feature a wide variety of presentations that mimic other conditions. Purpose A man with metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma to skin who subsequently developed cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma is described. Methods The PubMed medical database was used to search the following terms separately and in combination: ALCL, anaplastic large cell lymphoma ALCL, cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma CALCL, cutaneous t-cell lymphoma CTCL, large t-cell lymphoma LTCL, lymphoproliferative, lymphomatoid papulosis LyP, mimic, papillary, thyroid cancer...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329459/nineteen-years-of-adult-congenital-heart-surgery-in-a-single-center
#5
Madurra Perinpanayagam, Signe H Larsen, Kristian Emmertsen, Marianne B Møller, Vibeke E Hjortdal
BACKGROUND: Adults with congenital heart disease are a growing population. We describe surgical interventions, short- and long-term mortality and morbidity, and risk factors for adverse events in a population-based cohort. METHODS: Patients over or equal to 18 years with congenital heart disease who underwent cardiac surgery at Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark, from 1994 to 2012 were included in the study. Diagnoses, surgical procedures, postoperative complications, and survival were identified in hospital databases, medical records, and the Danish Civil Registration System...
March 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329348/outcome-and-treatment-of-nocardiosis-after-solid-organ-transplantation-new-insights-from-a-european-study
#6
David Lebeaux, Romain Freund, Christian van Delden, Hélène Guillot, Sierk D Marbus, Marie Matignon, Eric Van Wijngaerden, Benoit Douvry, Julien De Greef, Fanny Vuotto, Leïla Tricot, Mario Fernández-Ruiz, Jacques Dantal, Cédric Hirzel, Jean-Philippe Jais, Veronica Rodriguez-Nava, Frédérique Jacobs, Olivier Lortholary, Julien Coussement
Background: Solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients are at risk of nocardiosis, a rare opportunistic bacterial infection, but prognosis and outcome of these patients are poorly defined. Our objectives were to identify factors associated with one-year mortality after nocardiosis and describe the outcome of patients receiving short-course antibiotics (≤120 days). Methods: We analyzed data from a multicenter European case-control study that included 117 SOT recipients with nocardiosis diagnosed between 2000 and 2014...
February 4, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329131/effectiveness-of-long-term-doxycycline-treatment-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-fatigue-severity-in-patients-with-q-fever-fatigue-syndrome-qure-study-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Stephan P Keijmel, Corine E Delsing, Gijs Bleijenberg, Jos W M van der Meer, Rogier T Donders, Monique Leclercq, Linda M Kampschreur, Michel van den Berg, Tom Sprong, Marrigje H Nabuurs-Franssen, Hans Knoop, Chantal P Bleeker-Rovers
Background.: Approximately 20% of patients with acute Q fever will develop chronic fatigue, referred to as Q fever fatigue syndrome (QFS). The objective of this randomized controlled clinical trial was to assess the efficacy of either long-term treatment with doxycycline or cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) in reducing fatigue severity in patients with QFS. Methods.: Adult patients were included who met the QFS criteria according to the Dutch guideline: a new onset of severe fatigue lasting ≥6 months with significant disabilities, related to an acute Q fever infection, without other somatic or psychiatric comorbidity explaining the fatigue...
February 27, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329105/medical-three-dimensional-printing-opens-up-new-opportunities-in-cardiology-and-cardiac-surgery
#8
Thomas Bartel, Andrew Rivard, Alejandro Jimenez, Carlos A Mestres, Silvana Müller
Advanced percutaneous and surgical procedures in structural and congenital heart disease require precise pre-procedural planning and continuous quality control. Although current imaging modalities and post-processing software assists with peri-procedural guidance, their capabilities for spatial conceptualization remain limited in two- and three-dimensional representations. In contrast, 3D printing offers not only improved visualization for procedural planning, but provides substantial information on the accuracy of surgical reconstruction and device implantations...
February 16, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329064/perioperative-outcomes-of-off-pump-minimally-invasive-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-with-bilateral-internal-thoracic-arteries-under-direct-vision%C3%A2
#9
Keita Kikuchi, Xufa Chen, Makoto Mori, Atsushi Kurata, Liang Tao
OBJECTIVES: We previously introduced techniques to harvest and use the right internal thoracic artery in minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) via a single left thoracotomy for revascularization with bilateral internal thoracic arteries (BITA). We report our short-term outcomes of patients who underwent minimally invasive CABG using BITA and a single internal thoracic artery (SITA). METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent minimally invasive CABG using BITA or SITA at a Japanese medical center between February 2012 and December 2015 were reviewed retrospectively...
January 31, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328885/introducing-therioepistemology-the-study-of-how-knowledge-is-gained-from-animal-research
#10
REVIEW
Joseph P Garner, Brianna N Gaskill, Elin M Weber, Jamie Ahloy-Dallaire, Kathleen R Pritchett-Corning
This focus issue of Lab Animal coincides with a tipping point in biomedical research. For the first time, the scale of the reproducibility and translatability crisis is widely understood beyond the small cadre of researchers who have been studying it and the pharmaceutical and biotech companies who have been living it. Here we argue that an emerging literature, including the papers in this focus issue, has begun to congeal around a set of recurring themes, which themselves represent a paradigm shift. This paradigm shift can be characterized at the micro level as a shift from asking "what have we controlled for in this model?" to asking "what have we chosen to ignore in this model, and at what cost?" At the macro level, it is a shift from viewing animals as tools (the furry test tube), to viewing them as patients in an equivalent human medical study...
March 22, 2017: Lab Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328650/exosomes-in-critical-illness
#11
Nora Terrasini, Vincenzo Lionetti
OBJECTIVE: Exosomes are small, cell-released vesicles (40-100 nm in size) with the potential to transfer proteins, lipids, small RNAs, messenger RNAs, or DNA between cells via interstitial fluids. Due to their role in tissue homeostasis, exosomes have emerged as a new type of therapeutic and diagnostic (theranostic) tool in the noninvasive assessment of organ response to injury or treatment and in the development of reliable organ-protective intensive therapy. Our review provides current insights into the role of exosomes in the personalized management of injury and repair responses in critical illness...
March 21, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328647/pressure-injury-in-a-community-population-a-descriptive-study
#12
Lisa Q Corbett, Marjorie Funk, Gilbert Fortunato, David M OʼSullivan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe present-on-admission pressure injuries (POA-PIs) in community-dwelling adults admitted to acute care. The specific aims of the study were to (1) measure the prevalence of POA-PIs during a 1-year period; (2) determine prehospital location of patients with POA-PIs; and (3) describe demographics, pressure injury (PI) characteristics, risk factors, and posthospital outcome of community-dwelling adults with PIs admitted to hospital. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328635/a-systematic-review-of-the-use-of-telemedicine-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-and-dermatology
#13
Krishna S Vyas, H Rhodes Hambrick, Afaaf Shakir, Shane D Morrison, Duy C Tran, Keon Pearson, Henry C Vasconez, Samir Mardini, Amanda A Gosman, Marek Dobke, Mark S Granick
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine, the use of information technology and telecommunication to provide healthcare at a distance, is a burgeoning field with applications throughout medicine. Given the visual nature of plastic surgery and dermatology, telemedicine has a myriad of potential applications within the field. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review of articles published on telemedicine since January 2010 was performed. Articles were selected for their relevance to plastic and reconstructive surgery and dermatology, and then reviewed for their discussion of the applications, benefits, and limitations of telemedicine in practice...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328576/chronic-pain-patients-perspectives-of-medical-cannabis
#14
Brian J Piper, Monica L Beals, Alexander T Abess, Stephanie D Nichols, Maurice Martin, Catherine M Cobb, Rebecca M DeKeuster
Medical cannabis (MC) is employed for a variety of conditions including chronic pain. The goal of this report was to provide an in-depth qualitative exploration of patient perspectives on the strengths and limitations of MC. Members of MC dispensaries (N = 984) in New England including two-thirds with a history of chronic pain completed an online survey. In response to "How effective is medical cannabis in treating your symptoms or conditions?", with options of 0% "no relief" to 100% "complete relief", the average was 74...
March 21, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328324/trial-of-pregabalin-for-acute-and-chronic-sciatica
#15
Stephanie Mathieson, Christopher G Maher, Andrew J McLachlan, Jane Latimer, Bart W Koes, Mark J Hancock, Ian Harris, Richard O Day, Laurent Billot, Justin Pik, Stephen Jan, C-W Christine Lin
Background Sciatica can be disabling, and evidence regarding medical treatments is limited. Pregabalin is effective in the treatment of some types of neuropathic pain. This study examined whether pregabalin may reduce the intensity of sciatica. Methods We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of pregabalin in patients with sciatica. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either pregabalin at a dose of 150 mg per day that was adjusted to a maximum dose of 600 mg per day or matching placebo for up to 8 weeks...
March 23, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327915/vascularized-fibular-strut-autografts-in-spinal-reconstruction-after-resection-of-vertebral-chordoma-or-chondrosarcoma-a-retrospective-series
#16
Vijay Yanamadala, Peter A Rozman, Jay I Kumar, Joseph H Schwab, Sang-Gil Lee, Francis J Hornicek, William T Curry
BACKGROUND: Margin-free en bloc resection is the best medical practice for primary vertebral chordoma and chondrosarcoma. Spinal reconstruction following total spondylectomy requires reconstructive interbody graft (allograft, devascularized autograft, vascularized autograft, or cage constructs) and instrumentation. An important consideration when choosing grafts and instrumentation is the durability and the long-term success of the fusion without subsidence. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential use of vascularized fibular autograft as a reconstructive strategy after en bloc resection...
January 13, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327545/calibration-free-assays-on-standard-real-time-pcr-devices
#17
Pawel R Debski, Kamil Gewartowski, Seweryn Bajer, Piotr Garstecki
Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) is one of central techniques in molecular biology and important tool in medical diagnostics. While being a golden standard qPCR techniques depend on reference measurements and are susceptible to large errors caused by even small changes of reaction efficiency or conditions that are typically not marked by decreased precision. Digital PCR (dPCR) technologies should alleviate the need for calibration by providing absolute quantitation using binary (yes/no) signals from partitions provided that the basic assumption of amplification a single target molecule into a positive signal is met...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327493/noninvasive-ventilation-open-issues-for-nursing-research
#18
Stefano Bambi, Enrica Mati, Christian De Felippis, Alberto Lucchini
According to the current literature, Noninvasive Ventilation (NIV) is a well-recognized respiratory support technique for patients affected by Acute Respiratory Failure (ARF). As highlighted by recent meta-analysis, a tight adherence to protocols regarding patients' selection criteria, relative or absolute contraindications, plus highly skilled and experienced operators, can positively affect the NIV performance and mortality rates. Positive outcome from NIV respiratory support is dependent from: patient's clinical condition and education needs; confidence of the staff with NIV technology; choice and management of the most suitable interface available prevention of interface complications; nutritional assessment (artificial feeding if required) and conditioning of medical gas...
March 14, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327190/primary-pain-generator-identification-by-ct-spect-in-a-patient-with-low-back-pain-a-case-report
#19
Gabriel Tender, Adriana Constantinescu, Andrew Conger, Anthony DiGiorgio
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain is one of the most common conditions encountered in the middle-age population. Identifying the primary pain generator is notoriously difficult. The computed tomography-single-photon emission computed tomography (CT-SPECT) is emerging as a new diagnostic modality for this purpose. CASE PRESENTATION: This 68-year-old Caucasian male presented with intractable low back pain refractory to maximal conservative treatment, including medication and extensive physical therapy...
March 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327188/allopurinol-and-the-risk-of-ventricular-arrhythmias-in-the-elderly-a-study-using-us-medicare-data
#20
Jasvinder A Singh, John Cleveland
BACKGROUND: There are no published human studies investigating whether the use of allopurinol, the most commonly used medication for the treatment of hyperuricemia in gout, the most common type of inflammatory arthritis in adults, has any beneficial effects on ventricular electrophysiology. The objective of our study was to assess whether allopurinol use is associated with a reduction in the risk of ventricular arrhythmias (VA). METHODS: We used the 5% random sample of Medicare beneficiaries from 2006-2012 to examine new allopurinol use and the risk of incident VA...
March 22, 2017: BMC Medicine
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