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Cell penetrating peptide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929019/heterologous-expression-of-plasmodium-vivax-apical-membrane-antigen-1-pvama1-for-binding-peptide-selection
#1
Ching Hoong Chew, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Kek Heng Chua
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium is an obligate intracellular parasite. Apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1) is the most prominent and well characterized malarial surface antigen that is essential for parasite-host cell invasion, i.e., for sporozoite to invade and replicate within hepatocytes in the liver stage and merozoite to penetrate and replicate within erythrocytes in the blood stage. AMA1 has long served as a potent antimalarial drug target and is a pivotal vaccine candidate. A good understanding of the structure and molecular function of this Plasmodium protein, particularly its involvement in host-cell adhesion and invasion, is of great interest and hence it offers an attractive target for the development of novel therapeutics...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927928/discerning-the-composition-of-penetratin-for-safe-penetration-from-cornea-to-retina
#2
Kuan Jiang, Xin Gao, Qing Shen, Changyou Zhan, Yanyu Zhang, Cao Xie, Gang Wei, Weiyue Lu
Delivery of biomacromolecules into the eye is greatly hindered by several protective barriers. The cell-penetrating peptide, penetratin, has been found to be an effective absorption enhancer for noninvasive intraocular gene delivery. To discern the composition of penetratin for safe penetration from cornea to retina, we designed a series of penetratin derivatives by varying the hydrophobicity and evaluated their potency for retina-targeted delivery. The hydrophilic amino acids of penetratin, excluding the conserved basic amino acid residues, were respectively replaced with tryptophan...
September 16, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921993/lactam-stapled-cell-penetrating-peptides-cell-uptake-and-membrane-binding-properties
#3
Marco J Klein, Samuel Schmidt, Parvesh Wadhwani, Jochen Bürck, Johannes Reichert, Sergii Afonin, Marina Berditsch, Tim Schober, Roland Brock, Manfred Kansy, Anne S Ulrich
Stapling of side chains to stabilize an α-helical structure has been generally associated with an increased uptake of CPPs. Here, we compare 4 amphiphilic stapled peptides with their linear counterparts in terms of their membrane binding and conformational features, in order to correlate these with uptake efficiency and toxicological effects. The impact of lactam stapling was found to vary strongly with regard to the different aspects of peptide-membrane interactions. Nearly all stapled peptides caused less membrane perturbation (vesicle leakage, hemolysis, bacterial lysis) than their linear counterparts...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921048/antibacterial-and-antitumor-activity-of-bogorol-b-jx-isolated-from-brevibacillus-laterosporus-jx-5
#4
Hongxia Jiang, Chao Ji, Junkang Sui, Rongbo Sa, Xiaohui Wang, Xunli Liu, Tai L Guo
Antimicrobial peptides are promising anti-infective agent candidates because they have a broad antimicrobial spectrum and bioactivity and are unlikely to elicit antibiotic resistance. The bogorols represent a new cationic antibiotic peptide and possess great therapeutic potential because of their bioactivity and precise mode of action. Here, we report that Bogorol B-JX (BBJX), a peptide previously isolated from Brevibacillus laterosporus JX-5 by us, has significant antibacterial and antitumor activities in vitro...
September 18, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919344/fluorophore-labeling-of-a-cell-penetrating-peptide-induces-differential-effects-on-its-cellular-distribution-and-affects-cell-viability
#5
Ditlev Birch, Malene Vinther Christensen, Dan Staerk, Henrik Franzyk, Hanne Mørck Nielsen
Cell-penetrating peptides constitute efficient delivery vectors, and studies of their uptake and mechanism of translocation typically involve fluorophore-labeled conjugates. In the present study, the influence of a number of specific fluorophores on the physico-chemical properties and uptake-related characteristics of penetratin were studied. An array of seven fluorophores belonging to distinct structural classes was examined, and the impact of fluorophore labeling on intracellular distribution and cytotoxicity was correlated to the physico-chemical properties of the conjugates...
September 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918028/human-dmbt1-derived-cell-penetrating-peptides-for-intracellular-sirna-delivery
#6
Martina Tuttolomondo, Cinzia Casella, Pernille Lund Hansen, Ester Polo, Luciana M Herda, Kenneth A Dawson, Henrik J Ditzel, Jan Mollenhauer
Small interfering RNA (siRNA) is a promising molecule for gene therapy, but its therapeutic administration remains problematic. Among the recently proposed vectors, cell-penetrating peptides show great promise in in vivo trials for siRNA delivery. Human protein DMBT1 (deleted in malignant brain tumor 1) is a pattern recognition molecule that interacts with polyanions and recognizes and aggregates bacteria. Taking advantage of these properties, we investigated whether specific synthetic DMBT1-derived peptides could be used to formulate nanoparticles for siRNA administration...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917447/cell-penetrating-peptides-to-dissect-host-pathogen-protein-protein-interactions-in-theileria-transformed-leukocytes
#7
REVIEW
Malak Haidar, Perle Latré de Laté, Eileen J Kennedy, Gordon Langsley
One powerful application of cell penetrating peptides is the delivery into cells of molecules that function as specific competitors or inhibitors of protein-protein interactions. Ablating defined protein-protein interactions is a refined way to explore their contribution to a particular cellular phenotype in a given disease context. Cell-penetrating peptides can be synthetically constrained through various chemical modifications that stabilize a given structural fold with the potential to improve competitive binding to specific targets...
September 7, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912890/glioma-dual-targeting-nanohybrid-protein-toxin-constructed-by-intein-mediated-site-specific-ligation-for-multistage-booster-delivery
#8
Yingzhi Chen, Meng Zhang, Hongyue Jin, Dongdong Li, Fan Xu, Aihua Wu, Jinyu Wang, Yongzhuo Huang
Malignant glioma is one of the most untreatable cancers because of the formidable blood-brain barrier (BBB), through which few therapeutics can penetrate and reach the tumors. Biologics have been booming in cancer therapy in the past two decades, but their application in brain tumor has long been ignored due to the impermeable nature of BBB against effective delivery of biologics. Indeed, it is a long unsolved problem for brain delivery of macromolecular drugs, which becomes the Holy Grail in medical and pharmaceutical sciences...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910080/cell-surface-interactions-on-arginine-rich-cell-penetrating-peptides-allow-for-multiplex-modes-of-internalization
#9
Shiroh Futaki, Ikuhiko Nakase
One of the recent hot topics in peptide-related chemical biology research is the potential of cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs). Owing to their ability to deliver exogenous molecules into cells easily and effectively, their flexible design that allows transporters to comprise various chemical structures and functions, and their potential in chemical and cell biology studies and clinical applications, CPPs have been attracting enormous interest among researchers in related fields. Consequently, publications on CPPs have increased significantly...
September 14, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901372/multivalent-gold-nanoparticle-peptide-conjugates-for-targeting-intracellular-bacterial-infections
#10
Rimi Chowdhury, Humaira Ilyas, Anirban Ghosh, Haydar Ali, Arup Ghorai, Anupam Midya, Nikhil R Jana, Santasabuj Das, Anirban Bhunia
Although nanoparticle-tagged antimicrobal peptides have gained considerable importance in recent years, their structure-function correlation has not yet been explored. Here, we have studied the mechanism of action of a designed antimicrobial peptide, VG16KRKP (VARGWKRKCPLFGKGG), delivered via gold nanoparticle tagging against Salmonella infection by combining biological experiments with high- and low-resolution spectroscopic techniques. In comparison with the free VG16KRKP peptide or gold nanoparticle alone, the conjugated variant, Au-VG16KRKP, is non-cytotoxic to eukaryotic cells, but exhibits strong bacteriolytic activity in culture...
September 13, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895366/-purification-identification-and-characterization-of-an-anti-microbial-hexapeptide-from-sus-scrofa-lysozyme
#11
Dewei Zhu, Guolin Cai, Jian Lu
Sus scrofa lysozyme (SSL) was digested by different proteases to find peptides with enhanced antibacterial activity against gram-negative bacteria. Hydrolysate with the highest anti-bacterial activity was loaded onto a gel filtration chromatography column followed by a reversed-phase one. The obtained substance was identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, synthesized to test its antibacterial spectrum and analyzed for bioinformatics. The hydrolysate of trypsin showed the highest antibacterial activity...
June 25, 2017: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888370/biophysical-and-biological-properties-of-small-linear-peptides-derived-from-crotamine-a-cationic-antimicrobial-antitumoral-toxin-with-cell-penetrating-and-cargo-delivery-abilities
#12
C Dal Mas, D A Pinheiro, J D Campeiro, B Mattei, V Oliveira, E B Oliveira, A Miranda, K R Perez, M A F Hayashi
Crotamine is a natural polypeptide from snake venom which delivers nucleic acid molecules into cells, besides having pronounced affinity for negatively charged membranes and antifungal activity. We previously demonstrated that crotamine derived short linear peptides were not very effective as antifungal, although the non-structured recombinant crotamine was overridingly more potent compared to the native structured crotamine. Aiming to identify the features necessary for the antifungal activity of crotamine, two linear short peptides, each comprising half of the total positively charged amino acid residues of the full-length crotamine were evaluated here to show that these linear peptides keep the ability to interact with lipid membrane model systems with different phospholipid compositions, even after forming complexes with DNA...
September 6, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887220/enhanced-glioma-therapy-by-synergistic-inhibition-of-autophagy-and-tyrosine-kinase-activity
#13
Xuhui Wang, Yue Qiu, Qianwen Yu, Hui Li, Xiaoxiao Chen, Man Li, Yang Long, Yayuan Liu, Libao Lu, Jiajing Tang, Zhirong Zhang, Qin He
Autophagy is a lysosomal degradation pathway that acts as a cytoprotective mechanism causing treatment resistance in various cancer cells. Recent studies showed that hydroxychloroquine can inhibit the latter step of autophagy and therefore enhance the anti-glioma efficiency of ZD6474, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor. However, the nonselective distribution of ZD6474 in vivo and the low penetrating ability of hydroxychloroquine when crossing the blood-brain barrier restrict their clinical use in glioma therapy. Here we coencapsulated ZD6474 and hydroxychloroquine into R6dGR peptide-modified liposomes (R6dGR-Lip) which can specifically recognize both integrin αvβ3 and neuropilin-1 receptors that are highly expressed on the endothelial cells and glioma cells...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886198/tat-mediated-transduction-of-bacterial-redox-proteins-generates-a-cytoprotective-effect-on-neuronal-cells
#14
Cecilia L Balaban, Claudia Banchio, Eduardo A Ceccarelli
Cell penetrating peptides, also known as protein transduction domains, have the capacity to ubiquitously cross cellular membranes carrying many different cargos with negligible cytotoxicity. As a result, they have emerged as a powerful tool for macromolecular delivery-based therapies. In this study, catalytically active bacterial Ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase (LepFNR) and Heme oxygenase (LepHO) fused to the HIV TAT-derived protein transduction peptide (TAT) were efficiently transduced to neuroblastoma SHSY-5Y cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885830/oligoprolines-as-molecular-entities-for-controlling-distance-in-biological-and-material-sciences
#15
Stefanie Dobitz, Matthew R Aronoff, Helma Wennemers
Nature utilizes large biomolecules to fulfill tasks that require spatially well-defined arrangements at the molecular level such as electron transfer, ligand-receptor interactions, or catalysis. The creation of synthetic molecules that enable precise control over spacing and functionalization provides opportunities across diverse disciplines. Key requirements of functionalizable oligomeric scaffolds include the specific control of their molecular properties where the correct balance of flexibility and rigidity must be maintained in addition to the prerequisite of defined length...
September 8, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880322/peptides-polypeptides-and-peptide-polymer-hybrids-as-nucleic-acid-carriers
#16
REVIEW
Marya Ahmed
Cell penetrating peptides (CPPs), and protein transduction domains (PTDs) of viruses and other natural proteins serve as a template for the development of efficient peptide based gene delivery vectors. PTDs are sequences of acidic or basic amphipathic amino acids, with superior membrane trespassing efficacies. Gene delivery vectors derived from these natural, cationic and cationic amphipathic peptides, however, offer little flexibility in tailoring the physicochemical properties of single chain peptide based systems...
September 7, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879517/glioma-targeting-peptide-in-combination-with-the-p53-c-terminus-inhibits-glioma-cell-proliferation-in-vitro
#17
Dan Wang, Meihua Guo, Jiawen Yu, Xinying Wang, Qian Zhang, Xu Yang, Jiaqi Li, Chunhui Zhao, Bin Feng
Glioma is a prevalent malignant primary brain tumor in adults, the treatment for which remains a challenge due to its high infiltration and recurrence. Hence, treatments that lead to the suppression of glioma cell migration and invasion may be used in addition to surgery to increase the therapeutic outcome. In this study, we aimed to construct a multifunctional protein that would exert an effect on glioma cell proliferation and migration. The protein is named GL1-P53C-11R and it consists of the glioma-targeting peptide GL1 (G), the P53 C terminus (Pc) and the cell-penetrating peptide arginine (R)...
September 6, 2017: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878349/peptide-mediated-delivery-of-donor-mitochondria-improves-mitochondrial-function-and-cell-viability-in-human-cybrid-cells-with-the-melas-a3243g-mutation
#18
Jui-Chih Chang, Fredrik Hoel, Ko-Hung Liu, Yau-Huei Wei, Fu-Chou Cheng, Shou-Jen Kuo, Karl Johan Tronstad, Chin-San Liu
The cell penetrating peptide, Pep-1, has been shown to facilitate cellular uptake of foreign mitochondria but further research is required to evaluate the use of Pep-1-mediated mitochondrial delivery (PMD) in treating mitochondrial defects. Presently, we sought to determine whether mitochondrial transplantation rescue mitochondrial function in a cybrid cell model of mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) disease. Following PMD, recipient cells had internalized donor mitochondria after 1 h, and expressed higher levels of normal mitochondrial DNA, particularly at the end of the treatment and 11 days later...
September 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876512/effect-of-stapling-architecture-on-physiochemical-properties-and-cell-permeability-of-stapled-%C3%AE-helical-peptides-a-comparative-study
#19
Yuan Tian, Yanhong Jiang, Jingxu Li, Dongyuan Wang, Hui Zhao, Zigang Li
Stapled peptides emerged as a new class of targeting molecules of high binding affinity and specificity for intracellular undruggable targets. Their ability to penetrate cell membranes were exceptionally intriguing to the field, yet elusively and controversially discussed. To understand the effect of stapling architectures on their physiochemical properties and to aid in promoting their cell permeability, we report herein a comparative study on physiochemical properties and cell permeability of stapled α-helical peptides with different types of cross-links...
September 6, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875440/targeting-brain-tumors-by-intra-arterial-delivery-of-cell-penetrating-peptides-a-novel-approach-for-primary-and-metastatic-brain-malignancy
#20
Shailendra Joshi, Johann R N Cooke, Jason A Ellis, Charles W Emala, Jeffrey N Bruce
Computational modeling shows that intra-arterial delivery is most efficient when the delivered drugs rapidly and avidly bind to the target site. The cell-penetrating peptide trans-activator of transcription (TAT) is a candidate carrier molecule that could mediate such specificity for brain tumor chemotherapeutics. To test this hypothesis we first performed in vitro studies testing the uptake of TAT by one primary and three potentially metastatic brain cancer cell lines (9L, 4T-1, LLC, SKOV-3). Then we performed in vivo studies in a rat model where TAT was delivered either intra-arterially (IA) or intravenously (IV) to 9L brain tumors...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
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