keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gender role

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938438/targeted-disruption-of-yap-and-taz-impairs-the-maintenance-of-the-adrenal-cortex
#1
Adrien Levasseur, Guillaume St-Jean, Marilène Paquet, Derek Boerboom, Alexandre Boyer
Yes-associated protein (YAP) and transcriptional co-activator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) are functionally redundant transcriptional regulators that are downstream effectors of the Hippo signaling pathway. They act as major regulators of stem cell maintenance, cell growth and differentiation. To characterize their roles in the adrenal cortex, we generated a mouse model in which Yap and Taz were conditionally deleted in steroidogenic cells (Yapflox/flox;Tazflox/flox;Nr5a1cre/+). Male Yapflox/flox;Tazflox/flox;Nr5a1cre/+ mice were characterized by an age-dependent degeneration of the adrenal cortex associated with an increase in apoptosis and a progressive reduction in the expression levels of steroidogenic genes...
September 14, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937923/psychological-factors-in-chronic-edema-a-case-control-study
#2
Christine J Moffatt, Aimee Aubeeluck, Peter J Franks, Debra C Doherty, Peter Mortimer, Isabelle Quere
BACKGROUND: To examine psychological health and perceived social support in patients with chronic edema (CE). METHODS AND RESULTS: A random sample of 107 patients with CE was group matched for age and gender with 102 community controls. The cases had swelling of the arm (38%) and leg (61%) and midline swelling (14%). Cases were more likely to be single or divorced/separated (p = 0.041) and have reduced mobility (p < 0.001). They had significantly poorer overall health related quality of life (HRQoL), in particular physical functioning (p = 0...
September 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937239/nasal-nitric-oxide-in-healthy-adults-reference-values-and-affecting-factors
#3
M Antosova, D Mokra, I Tonhajzerova, P Mikolka, P Kosutova, M Mestanik, L Pepucha, J Plevkova, T Buday, V Calkovsky, A Bencova
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important endogenous mediator with significant role in the respiratory system. Many endogenous and exogenous factors influence the synthesis of NO and its level is significantly changed during the inflammation. Analysis of nasal nitric oxide (nNO) is not validated so far as the diagnostic method. There is a lack of reference values with possible identification of factors modulating the nNO levels. In healthy adult volunteers (n=141) we studied nasal NO values by NIOX MINO® (Aerocrine, Sweden) according to the recommendations of the ATS & ERS...
September 22, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936268/mildly-elevated-serum-total-bilirubin-is-negatively-associated-with-hemoglobin-a1c-independently-of-confounding-factors-among-community-dwelling-middle-aged-and-elderly-persons
#4
Ryuichi Kawamoto, Daisuke Ninomiya, Kensuke Senzaki, Teru Kumagi
Abnormally high glycated hemoglobin (Hb) (HbA1c) is significantly associated with oxidative stress and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Serum total bilirubin (T-B) may have a beneficial role in preventing oxidative changes and be a negative risk factor of CVD. Limited information is available on whether serum T-B is an independent confounding factor of HbA1c. The study subjects were 633 men aged 70 ± 9 (mean ± standard deviation (SD)) years and 878 women aged 70 ± 8 years who were enrolled consecutively from among patients aged ≥40 years through a community-based annual check-up process...
January 2017: J Circ Biomark
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936187/parent-child-discrepancy-on-children-s-body-weight-perception-the-role-of-attachment-security
#5
Arcangelo Uccula, Gianfranco Nuvoli
The discrepancies between parents and their children on the description of the behavior and representations of their children have been shown in various studies. Other researchers have reported the parents' difficulty in correctly identifying the weight status of their children. The purpose of our study was to investigate the parent's attributional accuracy on their children's body weight perception in relation to the children attachment security. It was hypothesized that insecure children's parents have a greater discrepancy with their children compared to secure children with their parents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936028/social-support-and-postpartum-depression-revisited-the-traditional-female-role-as-moderator-among-mexican-women
#6
Analia F Albuja, M Asunción Lara, Laura Navarrete, Lourdes Nieto
Women who lack social support tend to have a higher risk of postpartum depression. The present study examined the traditional female role, understood here as the adoption of passive and submissive traits specific to Mexican women, as another risk factor for postpartum depressive symptomatology that interacts with social support. Using two waves of data from a longitudinal study of 210 adult Mexican women (20-44 years-old, Mage = 29.50 years, SD = 6.34), we found that lacking social support during the third trimester of their pregnancy was associated with greater depressive symptoms at 6 months in the postpartum, although this relationship depended on the level of endorsement of the traditional female role during pregnancy...
August 2017: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936002/the-long-term-effects-of-self-esteem-on-depression-the-roles-of-alcohol-and-substance-uses-during-young-adulthood
#7
Kiwoong Park, Tse-Chuan Yang
Using the National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth 1979, this study examines the roles of alcohol and substance use as mediators in the mechanism between self-esteem and depression, and investigates whether the mechanism works for both men and women. Results demonstrate that alcohol and substance use during young adulthood mediates the effect of self-esteem on depression among men. Furthermore, self-esteem during young adulthood remains a determinant of high depression in middle adulthood. However, we did not find evidence to support that same mechanism among women...
2017: Sociological Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935381/-sexist-attitudes-and-recognition-of-abuse-in-young-couples
#8
Vanesa García-Díaz, Alberto Lana-Pérez, Ana Fernández-Feito, Carolina Bringas-Molleda, Luis Rodríguez-Franco, F Javier Rodríguez-Díaz
AIM: To explore the association between gender-role attitudes and the recognition of abuse among adolescents and young adults during dating relationships. DESIGN: Cross-correlation study. LOCATION: 57 schools of secondary education, vocational education and university in five provinces of Spain (Huelva, Seville, A Coruña, Pontevedra and Asturias). PARTICIPANTS: 4,337 students aged between 15 and 26 years (40.6% males and 59...
September 18, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934860/affect-and-between-meal-snacking-in-daily-life-the-moderating-role-of-gender-and-age
#9
Saskia Wouters, Nele Jacobs, Mira Duif, Lilian Lechner, Viviane Thewissen
OBJECTIVE: Affect-related energy intake from snacks remains relatively unexplored in daily life. This study examines the associations between momentary positive affect (PA) and momentary negative affect (NA) and subsequent energy intake from snacks. In addition, the moderating role of BMI, gender, age and level of education is investigated. DESIGN: Adults (N = 269), aged 20-50, participated in this study. Demographics were assessed in an online composite questionnaire...
September 22, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934794/effects-of-epidemiological-factors-and-pressure-pain-measurements-in-predicting-postoperative-pain-a-prospective-survey-of-1-002-chinese-patients
#10
Guangyou Duan, Shanna Guo, Yuhao Zhang, Ying Ying, Penghao Huang, Li Zhang, Xianwei Zhang
BACKGROUND: A high degree of inter-individual differences was noted in human basal pain as well as the reporting of clinical pain, such as postoperative pain. Understanding the effects of common epidemiological variations and preoperative experimental methods of human pain perception may contribute to individualized pain treatment for patients. OBJECTIVES: The current study was aimed to assess the role of epidemiological factors and preoperative experimental pain sensitivity for predicting postoperative pain and to analyze the potential effects of epidemiological factors on experimental pain sensitivity...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934789/lack-of-gender-and-age-differences-in-pain-measurements-following-exercise-in-people-with-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorders
#11
Kelly Ickmans, Anneleen Malfliet, Margot De Kooning, Lisa Goudman, Ives Hubloue, Tom Schmitz, Dorien Goubert, Maria Encarnacion Aguilar-Ferrandiz
BACKGROUND: Individuals with chronic whiplash associated disorders (WAD) present persistent pain in the absence of structural pathology. In these people, altered central pain processing and central sensitization are observed. The role of personal factors, such as gender and age, on pain processing mechanisms in chronic WAD, however, is still unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated possible gender- and age-related differences in self-reported and experimental pain measurements in people with chronic WAD...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934767/family-planning-unmet-need-and-access-among-itaukei-women-in-new-zealand-and-fiji
#12
Radilaite Cammock, Peter Herbison, Sarah Lovell, Patricia Priest
AIM: The aim of the study was to identify unmet need and family planning access among indigenous Fijian or iTaukei women living in New Zealand and Fiji. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken between 2012-2013 in five major cities in New Zealand: Auckland, Hamilton, Wellington, Christchurch and Dunedin; and in three suburbs in Fiji. Women who did not want any (more) children but were not using any form of contraception were defined as having an unmet need...
September 22, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934266/logical-inconsistencies-in-time-trade-off-valuation-of-eq-5d-5l-health-states-whose-fault-is-it
#13
Zhihao Yang, Jan van Busschbach, Reinier Timman, M F Janssen, Nan Luo
INTRODUCTION: Inconsistency in the time trade-off (TTO) task in EQ-5D-5L occurs when a respondent gives a higher value to a logically worse health state, the occurrence of inconsistency compromises the quality of the data. It is not yet clear which factors are associated with individual level inconsistency. Relating inconsistency to the characteristics of the respondent, interviewer, and the interview process could be helpful in understanding the causes of inconsistency. The objective of this paper is to discover the factors associated with individual level inconsistencies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934128/neuroticism-predicts-subsequent-risk-of-major-depression-for-whites-but-not-blacks
#14
Shervin Assari
Cultural and ethnic differences in psychosocial and medical correlates of negative affect are well documented. This study aimed to compare blacks and whites for the predictive role of baseline neuroticism (N) on subsequent risk of major depressive episodes (MDD) 25 years later. Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives (ACL) Study, 1986-2011. We used data on 1219 individuals (847 whites and 372 blacks) who had data on baseline N in 1986 and future MDD in 2011. The main predictor of interest was baseline N, measured using three items in 1986...
September 21, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933911/differential-support-for-female-supervisors-among-men-and-women
#15
Andrea C Vial, Victoria L Brescoll, Jaime L Napier, John F Dovidio, Tom R Tyler
Two studies evaluated the lay belief that women feel particularly negatively about other women in the workplace and particularly in supervisory roles. The authors tested the general proposition, derived from social identity theory (Tajfel & Turner, 1979, 2004), that women, compared to men, may be more supportive of other women in positions of authority, whereas men would respond more favorably to other men than to women in positions of authority. Consistent with predictions, data from an online experiment (n = 259), in which the authors randomly assigned men and women to evaluate identical female (vs...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933884/critical-action-as-a-pathway-to-social-mobility-among-marginalized-youth
#16
Luke J Rapa, Matthew A Diemer, Josefina Bañales
Marginalized youth's development occurs in contexts rife with racialized, gendered, and socioeconomic social identity threats and barriers to social mobility. An emergent line of inquiry suggests critical action-a component of critical consciousness, defined as engaging in individual or collective social action to produce social change-may bolster career development for those experiencing marginalization. Yet, the specific mechanisms underlying critical action-career development associations are not well understood...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933880/media-exposure-in-very-young-girls-prospective-and-cross-sectional-relationships-with-bmiz-self-esteem-and-body-size-stereotypes
#17
Rachel F Rodgers, Stephanie R Damiano, Eleanor H Wertheim, Susan J Paxton
Media exposure among young children has been suggested to influence self-concept and the adoption of social stereotypes regarding body weight, as well as being associated with increased weight. The aim of this study was to examine the role of TV/DVD viewing in the development of positive stereotypes toward thinness, self-esteem and body mass index standardized for child age and gender (BMIz) in very young girls. A sample of 143 girls completed interviews at ages 3, 4, and 5 years old. The interviews assessed positive stereotypes about thinness among girls, as well as age 5 dietary restraint...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933877/the-developmental-course-of-community-service-across-the-transition-to-adulthood-in-a-national-u-s-sample
#18
Laura Wray-Lake, John Schulenberg, Katherine M Keyes, Jennifer Shubert
Despite the importance of community service for the well-being of individuals and communities, relatively little is known about the developmental course of community service during the transition to adulthood (TTA). This study tested competing hypotheses about change in community service across the TTA by estimating latent growth models from Ages 18 to 26 in a national U.S. SAMPLE: Analyses tested for cohort differences in community service and for individual differences in developmental trajectories by socioeconomic status, gender, grades, religiosity, race/ethnicity, college expectations, and college degree attainment...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933870/the-role-of-young-adult-social-bonds-substance-problems-and-sexual-risk-in-pathways-between-adolescent-substance-use-and-midlife-risky-sexual-behavior-among-urban-african-americans
#19
Katarzyna A Zebrak, Kerry M Green
African Americans are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections relative to other racial groups. Although substance use has been linked to risky sexual behavior, the understanding of how these associations develop over the life course remains limited, particularly the role of social bonds. This study uses structural equation modeling to examine pathways from adolescent substance use to young adult sexual risk, substance problems, and social bonds and then to midlife risky sexual behavior among African American men and women, controlling for childhood confounders...
September 21, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933802/invesigation-of-prevalence-of-dental-anomalies-by-using-digital-panoramic-radiographs
#20
Nebiha Hilal Bilge, Selin Yeşiltepe, Kübra Törenek Ağırman, Fatma Çağlayan, Osman Murat Bilge
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to evaluate the prevalence of all types and subtypes of dental anomalies among 6 to 40 year-old patients by using panoramic radiographs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted by analyzing digital panoramic radiographs of 1200 patients admitted to our clinic in 2014. Dental anomalies were examined under 5 types and 16 subtypes. Dental anomalies were divided into five types: (a) number (including hypodontia, oligodontia and hyperdontia); (b) size (including microdontia and macrodontia); (c) structure (including amelogenesis imperfecta, dentinogenesis imperfecta and dentin dysplasia); (d) position (including transposition, ectopia, displacement, impaction and inversion); (e) shape (including fusion-gemination, dilaceration and taurodontism); RESULTS: The prevalence of dental anomalies diagnosed by panoramic radiographs was 39...
September 21, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
keyword
keyword
18775
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"