keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gender role

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092473/changing-the-culture-of-academic-medicine-critical-mass-or-critical-actors
#1
Deborah L Helitzer, Sharon L Newbill, Gina Cardinali, Page S Morahan, Shine Chang, Diane Magrane
PURPOSE: By 2006, women constituted 34% of academic medical faculty, reaching a critical mass. Theoretically, with critical mass, culture and policy supportive of gender equity should be evident. We explore whether having a critical mass of women transforms institutional culture and organizational change. METHODS: Career development program participants were interviewed to elucidate their experiences in academic health centers (AHCs). Focus group discussions were held with institutional leaders to explore their perceptions about contemporary challenges related to gender and leadership...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092362/the-role-of-endothelial-hif-1-%C3%AE-in-the-response-to-sublethal-hypoxia-in-c57bl-6-mouse-pups
#2
Qi Li, Michael Michaud, Chan Park, Yan Huang, Rachael Couture, Frank Girodano, Michael L Schwartz, Joseph A Madri
Chronic sublethal hypoxia, a complication of premature birth, is associated with cognitive and motor handicaps. Responsiveness to and recovery from this hypoxic environment is dependent on induction of HIF-1 α in the cells affected. Microvascular endothelial-glial and microvascular endothelial-neuronal precursor interactions have been found to be dynamic and reciprocal, involving autocrine and paracrine signaling, with response and recovery correlated with baseline levels and levels of induction of HIF-1 α...
January 16, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092194/maladaptive-perfectionism-as-mediator-among-psychological-control-eating-disorders-and-exercise-dependence-symptoms-in-habitual-exerciser
#3
Sebastiano Costa, Heather A Hausenblas, Patrizia Oliva, Francesca Cuzzocrea, Rosalba Larcan
Background and aims The current study examined the mediating role of maladaptive perfectionism among parental psychological control, eating disorder symptoms, and exercise dependence symptoms by gender in habitual exercisers. Methods Participants were 348 Italian exercisers (n = 178 men and n = 170 women; M age = 20.57, SD = 1.13) who completed self-report questionnaires assessing their parental psychological control, maladaptive perfectionism, eating disorder symptoms, and exercise dependence symptoms...
March 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091857/lack-of-heart-rate-variability-during-sleep-related-apnea-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-tle-an-indirect-marker-of-sudep
#4
C S Nayak, S Sinha, M Nagappa, K Thennarasu, A B Taly
PURPOSE: Apneas occurring during sleep may precipitate autonomic instability in epilepsy patients making them susceptible to sudden death (SUDEP). Literature on heart rate variability (HRV) during apnea among patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is sparse. The aim of this study was to characterize the HRV during the peri-apneic period in patients with TLE and compare with HRV of matched healthy individuals during the overnight polysomnographic (PSG) recording. Further, the role of carbamazepine (CBZ) in modulating peri-apneic HRV in the above cohort was also assessed...
January 14, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091589/platelet-monocyte-and-neutrophil-activation-and-glucose-tolerance-in-south-african-mixed-ancestry-individuals
#5
Glenda M Davison, Bongani B Nkambule, Zibusiso Mkandla, Gloudina M Hon, Andre P Kengne, Rajiv T Erasmus, Tandi E Matsha
Platelet activation has been described in patients with chronic inflammation, however in type 2 diabetes mellitus it remains controversial. We compared levels of platelet leucocyte aggregates, monocyte and granulocyte activation across glucose tolerance statuses in mixed ancestry South Africans. Individuals (206) were recruited from Bellville-South, Cape Town, and included 66% with normal glucose tolerance, 18.7% pre-diabetes, 8.7% screen-detected diabetes and 6.3% known diabetes. Monocyte and neutrophil activation were measured by calculating the percentage of cells expressing CD142 and CD69 while platelet monocyte aggregates were defined as CD14(++) CD42b(+) events and platelet neutrophil aggregates as CD16(++) CD42b(+) events...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091404/left-atrial-mechanical-function-and-aortic-stiffness-in-middle-aged-patients-with-the-first-episode-of-atrial-fibrillation
#6
Alev Kilicgedik, Suleyman Ç Efe, Ahmet S Gürbüz, Emrah Acar, Mehmet F Yılmaz, Aslan Erdoğan, Gökhan Kahveci, Ibrahim A Izgi, Cevat Kirma
BACKGROUND: In the early stages of atrial remodeling, aortic stiffness might be an indication of an atrial myopathy, in particular, atrial fibrosis. This study aimed to investigate the association between left atrial (LA) mechanical function, assessed by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography, and aortic stiffness in middle-aged patients with the first episode of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: This prospective study included 34 consecutive patients with the first episode of AF, who were admitted to Kartal Koşuyolu Research and Training Hospital between May 2013 and October 2015, and 31 age- and gender-matched healthy controls...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090667/children-and-young-people-s-conceptualizations-of-depression-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-meta-synthesis
#7
REVIEW
N Georgakakou-Koutsonikou, J M Williams
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing research interest in conceptualizations of mental illness, examined in association with help-seeking, stigma and treatment preferences. A recent focus on young people's concepts has been identified, with depression being one of the most examined conditions. METHODS: The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesize evidence on children and adolescents' conceptualizations of depression, adopting the model of illness representations...
January 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090170/gender-s-role-in-misperceptions-of-peers-sexual-motives
#8
Rose Wesche, Graciela Espinosa-Hernández, Eva S Lefkowitz
The sexual double standard influences men's and women's sexual attitudes and behavior, leading men and women to consider distinct sexual motives, or reasons whether or not to engage in sexual intercourse (Crawford & Popp 2003; Reiss 1964). The goal of the present paper was to document how the sexual double standard shapes perceptions of peers' sexual motives. We build on past research by using open-ended questions and measuring perceptions of both same-gender and other-gender peers. The sample included 154 heterosexual college students (50% female, 49% European American, 25% Latino American, 26% African American) recruited via probability sampling...
December 2016: Sexuality & Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088624/oxidative-phospholipidomics-in-health-and-disease-achievements-challenges-and-hopes
#9
REVIEW
Ana Reis
Phospholipid peroxidation products are recognized as important bioactive lipid mediators playing an active role as modulators in signalling events in inflammation, immunity and infection. The biochemical responses are determined by the oxidation structural features present in oxPL modulating biophysical and biological properties in model membranes and lipoproteins. In spite of the extensive work conducted with model systems over the last 20 years, the study of oxPL in biological systems has virtually stagnated...
January 11, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088366/serum-levels-of-glial-fibrillary-acidic-protein-in-chinese-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#10
Jingwei Wang, Qiuyan Zou, Renfeng Han, Yupeng Li, Yulin Wang
OBJECTIVE: Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) has been studied in many neurological diseases. The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential role of GFAP in Chinese children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) by measuring serum circulating levels of GFAP and comparing them with age and gender-matched typical development children. METHODS: A total of one hundred and fifty 2-6 years old Chinese children (75 confirmed autism cases and 75 their age-gender matched typical development children) participated in this study...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087800/health-care-engagement-among-lgbt-older-adults-the-role-of-depression-diagnosis-and-symptomatology
#11
Chengshi Shiu, Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Optimal engagement in health care plays a critical role in the success of disease prevention and treatment, particularly for older adults who are often in greater need of health care services. However, to date, there is still limited knowledge about the relationship between depression and health care engagement among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study utilized data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, Sexuality/Gender Study, from the 2014 survey with 2,450 LGBT adults 50 years old and older...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087799/factors-associated-with-high-risk-alcohol-consumption-among-lgb-older-adults-the-roles-of-gender-social-support-perceived-stress-discrimination-and-stigma
#12
Amanda E B Bryan, Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults have elevated rates of high-risk alcohol consumption compared with heterosexual adults. Although drinking tends to decline with age in the general population, we know little about LGB older adults' drinking. Using 2014 data from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS), we aimed to identify factors associated with high-risk drinking in LGB older adults. DESIGN AND METHODS: A U...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087796/prior-military-service-identity-stigma-and-mental-health-among-transgender-older-adults
#13
Charles P Hoy-Ellis, Chengshi Shiu, Kathleen M Sullivan, Hyun-Jun Kim, Allison M Sturges, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Converging evidence from large community-based samples, Internet studies, and Veterans Health Administration data suggest that transgender adults have high rates of U.S. military service. However, little is known about the role of prior military service in their mental health later in life, particularly in relation to identity stigma. In this article, we examine relationships between prior military service, identity stigma, and mental health among transgender older adults...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087292/loss-of-cd28-within-cd4-t-cell-subsets-from-cervical-cancer-patients-is-accompanied-by-the-acquisition-of-intracellular-perforin-and-is-further-enhanced-by-nkg2d-expression
#14
Marta Escarra-Senmarti, Miriam Ruth Bueno-Topete, Luis Felipe Jave-Suarez, Eduardo Gomez-Bañuelos, Jorge Gutierrez-Franco, Natali Vega-Magaña, Adriana Aguilar-Lemarroy, Ana Laura Pereira-Suarez, Jesse Haramati, Susana Del Toro-Arreola
CD28 is well characterized as an essential co-stimulatory receptor critical for activation, proliferation and survival processes in CD4(+) T cells. Populations of CD4(+)CD28(null) T cells, with apparently contradictory physiological roles, have recently been reported, along with the co-expression of the NK activating receptor NKG2D, in autoimmune diseases and chronic viral inflammation. Paradoxically, studies in cancer suggest that an expanded CD4(+)NKG2D(+) population may be armed with immunosuppressive properties...
January 10, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087188/operative-fusion-of-multilevel-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-impact-of-patient-demographics
#15
Shearwood McClelland, Bryan J Marascalchi, Peter G Passias, Themistocles S Protopsaltis, Anthony K Frempong-Boadu, Thomas J Errico
Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the most common cause of spinal cord dysfunction in patients older than age 55, with operative management being a widely adopted approach. Previous work has shown that private insurance status, gender and patient race are predictive of the operative approach patients receive (anterior-only, posterior-only, combined anterior-posterior). The Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2001 to 2010 was used to assess the potential role of multilevel CSM as a contributing factor in determining which operative approach CSM patients receive, as it is rare for an anterior-only approach to be sufficient for CSM patients requiring fusion of four or more involved levels...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086884/transfer-factor-for-carbon-monoxide-in-patients-with-copd-and-diabetes-results-from-the-german-cosyconet-cohort
#16
Kathrin Kahnert, Tanja Lucke, Frank Biertz, Andreas Lechner, Henrik Watz, Peter Alter, Robert Bals, Jürgen Behr, Rolf Holle, Rudolf M Huber, Stefan Karrasch, Beate Stubbe, Margarethe Wacker, Sandra Söhler, Emiel F M Wouters, Claus Vogelmeier, Rudolf A Jörres
BACKGROUND: An impairment of CO diffusing capacity has been shown in diabetic patients without lung disease. We analyzed how diffusing capacity in patients with COPD is affected by the concurrent diagnosis of diabetes. METHODS: Data from the initial visit of the German COPD cohort COSYCONET were used for analysis. 2575 patients with complete lung function data were included, among them 358 defined as diabetics with a reported physician diagnosis of diabetes and/or specific medication...
January 13, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086839/ethnobotanical-knowledge-acquisition-during-daily-chores-the-firewood-collection-of-pastoral-maasai-girls-in-southern-kenya
#17
Xiaojie Tian
BACKGROUND: Researchers considering children's traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) highlighted the importance of examining children's daily activities as empirical contexts for its acquisition. Many of them evaluated children's TEK acquisition linearly as gain or loss, and paid less attention to the adaptive nature of this knowledge system and the social relationships arising from its acquisition processes. This study approaches children's TEK acquisition considering these abovementioned aspects...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086792/irish-general-practitioner-attitudes-toward-decriminalisation-and-medical-use-of-cannabis-results-from-a-national-survey
#18
Des Crowley, Claire Collins, Ide Delargy, Eamon Laird, Marie Claire Van Hout
BACKGROUND: Governmental debate in Ireland on the de facto decriminalisation of cannabis and legalisation for medical use is ongoing. A cannabis-based medicinal product (Sativex®) has recently been granted market authorisation in Ireland. This unique study aimed to investigate Irish general practitioner (GP) attitudes toward decriminalisation of cannabis and assess levels of support for use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes (CTP). METHODS: General practitioners in the Irish College of General Practitioner (ICGP) database were invited to complete an online survey...
January 13, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081158/-i-do-not-take-my-medicine-while-hiding-a-longitudinal-qualitative-assessment-of-hiv-discordant-couples-beliefs-in-discordance-and-art-as-prevention-in-uganda
#19
Rachel King, Jiho Kim, Mastula Nanfuka, Murisho Shafic, Maureen Nyonyitono, Florence Galenda, David Moore
BACKGROUND: HIV negative members of serostatus discordant couples are at high risk for HIV acquisition, but few interventions are in place to target them in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: In this study, we interviewed 28 couples, 3 times over a period of one year to understand their perceptions and attitudes around discordance, their relationship dynamics, their HIV risk behaviour, their beliefs and attitudes about antiretroviral therapy (ART) and their views of the community perceptions of discordance and treatment for HIV...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081138/overexpression-of-kinesin-family-member-20a-correlates-with-disease-progression-and-poor-prognosis-in-human-nasopharyngeal-cancer-a-retrospective-analysis-of-105-patients
#20
Sai-Lan Liu, Huan-Xin Lin, Fang Qiu, Wei-Jing Zhang, Chun-Hao Niu, Wen Wen, Xiao-Qing Sun, Li-Ping Ye, Xian-Qiu Wu, Chu-Yong Lin, Li-Bing Song, Ling Guo
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have shown Kinesin family member 20A (KIF20A) may play a critical role in the development and progression of cancer. However, the clinical value of KIF20A in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is unknown. Here, we investigated the expression pattern of KIF20A in NPC and its correlation with clinicopathological features of patients. METHODS: Real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to quantify KIF20A expression in NPC cell lines and clinical specimens compared with normal controls...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
18775
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"