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Electronic medical record newborn

Maheswari Ekambaram, Matilde Irigoyen, Johelin DeFreitas, Sharina Rajbhandari, Jessica Lynn Geaney, Leonard Edward Braitman
BACKGROUND: In adolescents, there is limited evidence on the independent and additive effect of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain on infant birth weight. Data also show that this effect may vary by race. We sought to examine the impact of maternal prepregnancy BMI and gestational weight gain on birth weight and risk of large for gestational age (LGA) in term newborns of minority adolescent mothers. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 411 singleton live term infants born to mothers ≤ 18 years...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
So Young Kim, Byung Yoon Choi, Eun Young Jung, Hyunsoo Park, Ha-Na Yoo, Kyo Hoon Park
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify prenatal and postnatal risk factors associated with abnormal newborn hearing screen (NHS) results and subsequently confirmed sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in preterm twin neonates. METHODS: Electronic medical records of 159 twin neonates who were born alive after ≤32 weeks were retrospectively reviewed for hearing loss in both ears. Histopathologic examination of the placenta was performed and clinical data, including method of conception and factors specific to twins, were retrieved from a computerized perinatal database...
January 31, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Gayle McLelland, Lisa McKenna, Amee Morgans, Karen Smith
BACKGROUND: Over the previous two decades the incidence and number of unplanned out of hospital births Victoria has increased. As the only out of hospital emergency care providers in Victoria, paramedics would provide care for women having birth emergencies in the community. However, there is a lack of research about the involvement of paramedics provide for these women and their newborns. This research reports the clinical profile of a 1-year sample caseload of births attended by a state-wide ambulance service in Australia...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Ha-Na Kang, Hyun Kyung Park, Hyun-Ju Lee, Jin-Hwa Moon, Jae Won Oh, Chang-Ryul Kim
BACKGROUND: Fever rather than diarrhea or vomiting was the most common symptom of neonatal rotavirus(RV) infection in our previous study. We investigated if RV infection is a major cause of neonatal fever and we compared the clinical characteristics of bacterial infections, viral infections and unknown causes of neonatal fever. METHOD: We reviewed the electronic medical records of 48 newborns of ≤ 28 days who were admitted to the Special Care Nursery of Hanyang University Guri Hospital for fever (≥ 38°C) from 2005 to 2009...
December 31, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Steven F Dobrowolski, Lina Ghaloul-Gonzalez, Jerry Vockley
Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) is identified by newborn screening (NBS). The natural history of MCADD includes metabolic decompensation with hypoglycemia, hyperammonemia, seizures, coma, and death. NBS enables expectant management thus severe symptoms are rare in managed patients. We report premature birth of an MCADD affected infant and resultant management challenges. Nutritional support advanced from parenteral nutrition at 24 hours to enteral feeds. A NBS sample was collected day 2, positive results for MCADD was reported day six, and diagnostic tests were performed day seven...
November 21, 2017: Pediatric Reports
Eric S Hall, James M Greenberg, Louis J Muglia, Parth Divekar, Janet Zahner, Jay Gholap, Matt Leonard, Keith Marsolo
Objectives To describe the implementation of the first phase of a regional perinatal data repository and to provide a roadmap for others to navigate technical, privacy, and data governance concerns in implementing similar resources. Methods Our implementation integrated regional physician billing records with maternal and infant electronic health records from an academic delivery hospital. These records, representing births during 2013-2015, constituted a data core supporting linkage to additional ancillary data sets...
December 23, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Satvik Chaitanya Bansal, Stefano Caoci, Eugene Dempsey, Daniele Trevisanuto, Charles Christoph Roehr
Studies using videotape recordings and respiratory function monitoring have shown that both face mask (FM) application and endotracheal tube (ETT) placement represent a challenge for resuscitators. Hence, there is a strong need for devices that can largely be used independently of individual operator training levels, in order to ensure more reliable support in time-critical situations, such as neonatal resuscitation. The laryngeal mask airway device (LMA) has evolved as a potentially very valuable tool. We conducted a systematic review of studies evaluating the use of the LMA in neonatal resuscitation...
2018: Neonatology
Katheryne L Downes, Edmond D Shenassa, Katherine L Grantz
Placental abruption (early separation of the placenta) is associated with preterm birth and perinatal mortality, but associations with other neonatal morbidities remain understudied. We examined the association between abruption and newborn outcomes. We analyzed 223,341 singleton deliveries from the Consortium on Safe Labor study, a retrospective, multisite, observational study (2002-2008) of electronic medical records in the United States. Adjusted relative risks, incidence rate ratios, and 99% confidence intervals were estimated...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
Daniel Ashton, Darshan Variyam, J Alberto Hernandez, Sheena Pimpalwar, Shireen Hayatghaibi, Kamlesh Kukreja
PURPOSE: A single-incision technique for tunneled central venous access has been described. This study evaluates whether single-incision technique in children is comparable to the conventional method, with regard to procedure time, fluoroscopy time, and complication rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 303 internal jugular vein tunneled central catheter placements whose age ranged from newborn to 17 years (median 1.7 years) by pediatric interventional radiologists from January 2014 through December 2015...
October 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Nikki R Lawson, Melissa D Klein, Nicholas J Ollberding, Victoria Wurster Ovalle, Andrew F Beck
Deployment of medical and social services at well-child visits promotes child health. A retrospective review of the electronic health record was conducted for infants presenting for their "newborn" visit over a 2-year period at an urban, academic primary care center. Primary outcomes were time to first emergency department (ED) visit, number of ED visits (emergent or nonemergent), and number of nonemergent ED visits by 2 years of life. Records from 212 consecutive newborns were evaluated-59.9% were black/African American and 84...
September 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
Bellington Vwalika, Marie C D Stoner, Mulindi Mwanahamuntu, K Cherry Liu, Eugene Kaunda, Getrude G Tshuma, Somwe W Somwe, Yusuf Ahmed, Elizabeth M Stringer, Jeffrey S A Stringer, Benjamin H Chi
OBJECTIVE: To measure key obstetric and neonatal outcomes recorded at a tertiary hospital in Zambia over a 5-year period. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted among women who had delivered at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2012. Data were extracted from electronic medical records. The main outcomes were maternal mortality, cesarean delivery, prenatal or intrapartum hemorrhage, stillbirth, a 5-minute Apgar score of less than 7, and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Mary T Caserta, Hongmei Yang, Steven R Gill, Jeanne Holden-Wiltse, Gloria Pryhuber
OBJECTIVE: To determine the burden of viral respiratory infections in preterm infants both during and subsequent to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalization and to compare this with term infants living in the community. STUDY DESIGN: From March 2013 through March 2015, we enrolled 189 newborns (96 term and 93 preterm) into a prospective, longitudinal study obtaining nose/throat swabs within 7 days of birth, weekly while hospitalized and then monthly to 4 months after hospital discharge...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
Ian M Paul, Eric W Schaefer, Jennifer R Miller, Michael W Kuzniewicz, Sherian X Li, Eileen M Walsh, Valerie J Flaherman
OBJECTIVE: Clinicians expect newborns to surpass birth weight by age 10 to 14 days, yet few studies have examined the natural history of weight change in the weeks after birth. We sought to determine the distribution of weight loss and subsequent regain during the first month, the proportion not surpassing birth weight by 14 and 21 days, and whether findings differed by delivery mode. METHODS: For 161 471 singleton neonates delivered at ≥36 weeks' gestation at Kaiser Permanente Northern California Medical Centers between 2009 and 2013 and weighing 2000 to 5000 g at birth, we extracted daily weights from inpatient electronic records and weights from outpatient visits in the first month...
December 2016: Pediatrics
Sarah P Justvig, Justine Li, Giuseppina Caravella, Minqin Chen, Hua Wang, Lisa A Benz Scott, Susmita Pati
While CHW interventions improve health outcomes, evidence identifying specific domains of CHW-delivered support resulting in positive outcomes is limited. Our goals were to identify domains of CHW-delivered support that assist families with adhering to recommended pediatric care; and, to identify predictors of successful completion of an enriched medical home intervention (EMHI) using trained CHWs making home visits to provide health education and support positive health behaviors. We performed a prospective descriptive study of 88 families participating in a protocol-based EMHI...
June 2017: Journal of Community Health
R Sahni, X Ameer, K Ohira-Kist, J-T Wung
OBJECTIVES: Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is effective in conjunction with tracheal intubation (TI) and mechanical ventilation (MV) for treating arterial pulmonary hypertension and hypoxemic respiratory failure (HRF) in near-term and term newborns. Non-invasive respiratory support with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is increasingly used to avoid morbidity associated with TI and MV, yet the effectiveness of iNO delivery via nasal CPAP remains unknown. To evaluate the effectiveness of iNO delivered via the bubble nasal CPAP system in term and preterm newborns with HRF...
January 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Shin Hye Kim, Byung Yoon Choi, Jaehong Park, Eun Young Jung, Soo-Hyun Cho, Kyo Hoon Park
BACKGROUND: Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is a multifactorial disease that more frequently affects preterm newborns. Although a number of maternal conditions have been reported to be associated with preterm birth, little information is available concerning maternal risk factors for the development of SNHL. We aimed to identify maternal and placental risk factors associated with a "refer" result on the newborn hearing screening (NHS) test and subsequently confirmed SNHL in very preterm neonates...
June 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Anne Caroline Benski, Giovanna Stancanelli, Stefano Scaringella, Josea Léa Herinainasolo, Jéromine Jinoro, Pierre Vassilakos, Patrick Petignat, Nicole C Schmidt
Background Madagascar's maternal health mortality ratio in 2013 was 478 deaths per 100,000 live births. Most deaths are related to direct complications during pregnancy and childbirth and could be reduced by providing comprehensive antenatal care (ANC). Objective The objective of the study was to assess the usability and feasibility of a mobile health system (mHealth) to provide high-quality ANC, according to World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations. Methods PANDA (Pregnancy And Newborn Diagnostic Assessment) is an easy-to-use mHealth system that uses affordable communications technology to support diagnosis and health care worker decision-making regarding ANC...
June 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Jasmine Walia, Zainab Qayumi, Nayaab Khawar, Beata Dygulska, Ilya Bialik, Carolyn Salafia, Pramod Narula
BACKGROUND: Miscommunication is a leading cause of adverse events in hospitals. Optimizing the handoff process improves communication and patient safety. We sought to assess how the components of I-PASS (a mnemonic for illness severity, patient summary, action list, situational awareness with contingency planning, and synthesis by the receiver), a standardized handoff bundle, improved the quality of handoffs in a pediatric residency program based in a community hospital. METHODS: Pediatric residents in a university-affiliated community teaching hospital were observed on the pediatric inpatient floor and in the newborn nursery...
August 2016: Academic Pediatrics
Jonathan D Winter, Yhenneko Taylor, Lauren Mowrer, Katherine M Winter, Michael F Dulin
BACKGROUND: Extensive investigation has established that an elevated weight at birth is associated with subsequent obesity and obesity related negative health outcomes. The significance of overweight at birth, however, remains ill-defined. Historically, it has been difficult to approximate adiposity in infancy in a way that is both simple and meaningful. Body-mass-index (BMI) growth charts for children younger than two years of age only became available in 2006 when published by the WHO...
March 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Susan Woolfenden, Valsamma Eapen, Emma Axelsson, Alexandra Hendry, Bin Jalaludin, Cheryl Dissanayake, Bronwyn Overs, Joseph Descallar, John Eastwood, Stewart Einfeld, Natalie Silove, Kate Short, Deborah Beasley, Rudi Črnčec, Elisabeth Murphy, Katrina Williams
BACKGROUND: The "Watch Me Grow" (WMG) study examines the current developmental surveillance system in South West Sydney. This paper describes the establishment of the study birth cohort, including the recruitment processes, representativeness, follow-up and participants' baseline risk for future developmental risk. METHODS: Newborn infants and their parents were recruited from two public hospital postnatal wards and through child health nurses during the years 2011-2013...
March 24, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
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