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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099725/maternal-and-newborn-outcomes-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-lusaka-zambia-2008-2012
#1
Bellington Vwalika, Marie C D Stoner, Mulindi Mwanahamuntu, K Cherry Liu, Eugene Kaunda, Getrude G Tshuma, Somwe W Somwe, Yusuf Ahmed, Elizabeth M Stringer, Jeffrey S A Stringer, Benjamin H Chi
OBJECTIVE: To measure key obstetric and neonatal outcomes recorded at a tertiary hospital in Zambia over a 5-year period. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted among women who had delivered at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2012. Data were extracted from electronic medical records. The main outcomes were maternal mortality, cesarean delivery, prenatal or intrapartum hemorrhage, stillbirth, a 5-minute Apgar score of less than 7, and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041669/viral-respiratory-infections-in-preterm-infants-during-and-after-hospitalization
#2
Mary T Caserta, Hongmei Yang, Steven R Gill, Jeanne Holden-Wiltse, Gloria Pryhuber
OBJECTIVE: To determine the burden of viral respiratory infections in preterm infants both during and subsequent to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalization and to compare this with term infants living in the community. STUDY DESIGN: From March 2013 through March 2015, we enrolled 189 newborns (96 term and 93 preterm) into a prospective, longitudinal study obtaining nose/throat swabs within 7 days of birth, weekly while hospitalized and then monthly to 4 months after hospital discharge...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940721/weight-change-nomograms-for-the-first-month-after-birth
#3
Ian M Paul, Eric W Schaefer, Jennifer R Miller, Michael W Kuzniewicz, Sherian X Li, Eileen M Walsh, Valerie J Flaherman
OBJECTIVE: Clinicians expect newborns to surpass birth weight by age 10 to 14 days, yet few studies have examined the natural history of weight change in the weeks after birth. We sought to determine the distribution of weight loss and subsequent regain during the first month, the proportion not surpassing birth weight by 14 and 21 days, and whether findings differed by delivery mode. METHODS: For 161 471 singleton neonates delivered at ≥36 weeks' gestation at Kaiser Permanente Northern California Medical Centers between 2009 and 2013 and weighing 2000 to 5000 g at birth, we extracted daily weights from inpatient electronic records and weights from outpatient visits in the first month...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743336/improving-adherence-to-care-recommendations-using-a-community-health-worker-chw-intervention-with-the-pediatric-medical-home
#4
Sarah P Justvig, Justine Li, Giuseppina Caravella, Minqin Chen, Hua Wang, Lisa A Benz Scott, Susmita Pati
While CHW interventions improve health outcomes, evidence identifying specific domains of CHW-delivered support resulting in positive outcomes is limited. Our goals were to identify domains of CHW-delivered support that assist families with adhering to recommended pediatric care; and, to identify predictors of successful completion of an enriched medical home intervention (EMHI) using trained CHWs making home visits to provide health education and support positive health behaviors. We performed a prospective descriptive study of 88 families participating in a protocol-based EMHI...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711045/non-invasive-inhaled-nitric-oxide-in-the-treatment-of-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure-in-term-and-preterm-infants
#5
R Sahni, X Ameer, K Ohira-Kist, J-T Wung
OBJECTIVES: Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is effective in conjunction with tracheal intubation (TI) and mechanical ventilation (MV) for treating arterial pulmonary hypertension and hypoxemic respiratory failure (HRF) in near-term and term newborns. Non-invasive respiratory support with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is increasingly used to avoid morbidity associated with TI and MV, yet the effectiveness of iNO delivery via nasal CPAP remains unknown. To evaluate the effectiveness of iNO delivered via the bubble nasal CPAP system in term and preterm newborns with HRF...
January 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596679/maternal-and-placental-factors-associated-with-congenital-hearing-loss-in-very-preterm-neonates
#6
Shin Hye Kim, Byung Yoon Choi, Jaehong Park, Eun Young Jung, Soo-Hyun Cho, Kyo Hoon Park
BACKGROUND: Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is a multifactorial disease that more frequently affects preterm newborns. Although a number of maternal conditions have been reported to be associated with preterm birth, little information is available concerning maternal risk factors for the development of SNHL. We aimed to identify maternal and placental risk factors associated with a "refer" result on the newborn hearing screening (NHS) test and subsequently confirmed SNHL in very preterm neonates...
August 9, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365320/usability-and-feasibility-of-a-mobile-health-system-to-provide-comprehensive-antenatal-care-in-low-income-countries-panda-mhealth-pilot-study-in-madagascar
#7
Anne Caroline Benski, Giovanna Stancanelli, Stefano Scaringella, Josea Léa Herinainasolo, Jéromine Jinoro, Pierre Vassilakos, Patrick Petignat, Nicole C Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Madagascar's maternal health mortality ratio in 2013 was 478 deaths per 100,000 live births. Most deaths are related to direct complications during pregnancy and childbirth and could be reduced by providing comprehensive antenatal care (ANC). OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess the usability and feasibility of a mobile health system (mHealth) to provide high-quality ANC, according to World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations. METHODS: PANDA (Pregnancy And Newborn Diagnostic Assessment) is an easy-to-use mHealth system that uses affordable communications technology to support diagnosis and health care worker decision-making regarding ANC...
June 30, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27090859/physician-transition-of-care-benefits-of-i-pass-and-an-electronic-handoff-system-in-a-community-pediatric-residency-program
#8
Jasmine Walia, Zainab Qayumi, Nayaab Khawar, Beata Dygulska, Ilya Bialik, Carolyn Salafia, Pramod Narula
BACKGROUND: Miscommunication is a leading cause of adverse events in hospitals. Optimizing the handoff process improves communication and patient safety. We sought to assess how the components of I-PASS (a mnemonic for illness severity, patient summary, action list, situational awareness with contingency planning, and synthesis by the receiver), a standardized handoff bundle, improved the quality of handoffs in a pediatric residency program based in a community hospital. METHODS: Pediatric residents in a university-affiliated community teaching hospital were observed on the pediatric inpatient floor and in the newborn nursery...
August 2016: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066858/bmi-at-birth-and-overweight-at-age-four
#9
Jonathan D Winter, Yhenneko Taylor, Lauren Mowrer, Katherine M Winter, Michael F Dulin
BACKGROUND: Extensive investigation has established that an elevated weight at birth is associated with subsequent obesity and obesity related negative health outcomes. The significance of overweight at birth, however, remains ill-defined. Historically, it has been difficult to approximate adiposity in infancy in a way that is both simple and meaningful. Body-mass-index (BMI) growth charts for children younger than two years of age only became available in 2006 when published by the WHO...
April 7, 2016: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27013220/who-is-our-cohort-recruitment-representativeness-baseline-risk-and-retention-in-the-watch-me-grow-study
#10
Susan Woolfenden, Valsamma Eapen, Emma Axelsson, Alexandra Hendry, Bin Jalaludin, Cheryl Dissanayake, Bronwyn Overs, Joseph Descallar, John Eastwood, Stewart Einfeld, Natalie Silove, Kate Short, Deborah Beasley, Rudi Črnčec, Elisabeth Murphy, Katrina Williams
BACKGROUND: The "Watch Me Grow" (WMG) study examines the current developmental surveillance system in South West Sydney. This paper describes the establishment of the study birth cohort, including the recruitment processes, representativeness, follow-up and participants' baseline risk for future developmental risk. METHODS: Newborn infants and their parents were recruited from two public hospital postnatal wards and through child health nurses during the years 2011-2013...
March 24, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26920363/comparison-of-predictive-modeling-approaches-for-30-day-all-cause-non-elective-readmission-risk
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Liping Tong, Cole Erdmann, Marina Daldalian, Jing Li, Tina Esposito
BACKGROUND: This paper explores the importance of electronic medical records (EMR) for predicting 30-day all-cause non-elective readmission risk of patients and presents a comparison of prediction performance of commonly used methods. METHODS: The data are extracted from eight Advocate Health Care hospitals. Index admissions are excluded from the cohort if they are observation, inpatient admissions for psychiatry, skilled nursing, hospice, rehabilitation, maternal and newborn visits, or if the patient expires during the index admission...
February 27, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26887835/lack-of-association-of-st-t-wave-abnormalities-to-congenital-heart-disease-in-neonates
#12
Sudheer R Gorla, Daphne T Hsu, Aparna Kulkarni
BACKGROUND: ST-T wave (STTW) abnormalities have been described in 20-40% of normal newborns. We sought to describe the associations of these Electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities to perinatal course and congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on all neonatal ECGs between January 2008 and March 2013 identified from electronic medical records. Electronic medical records were reviewed for perinatal course and maternal medical conditions...
September 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26795213/off-label-use-and-harmful-potential-of-drugs-in-a-nicu-in-brazil-a-descriptive-study
#13
Alcidésio Sales de Souza, Djanilson Barbosa Dos Santos, Luís Carlos Rey, Marina Garruti Medeiros, Marta Gonçalves Vieira, Helena Lutéscia Luna Coelho
BACKGROUND: Neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICU) are exposed to a wide variety of drugs, most without any data on safety and efficacy. OBJECTIVE: To describe the drugs prescribed to different groups of neonates hospitalized in a NICU, and to analyze off-label use and harmful potential of drugs, in terms of the potential risks. METHODS: This was a six-month retrospective cohort study of drug use in a NICU, with neonates who were inpatients for a period of over 24 hours, and using prescription data from electronic medical records...
January 21, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26427185/children-with-sensorineural-hearing-loss-and-referral-to-early-intervention
#14
Terri Giordano, Amanda M Marchegiani, John A Germiller
OBJECTIVE: Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is identified at a rate of 1-3 per 1,000 newborns in the United States. Timely referral to Early Intervention (EI) services is critical, as early EI referral has been shown to improve outcomes, including speech and language development, social and emotional development, and academic performance. The objective of this study was to determine the rate at which children diagnosed with SNHL at a large tertiary referral center were referred to EI, and, if so, by whom...
2015: ORL-head and Neck Nursing: Official Journal of the Society of Otorhinolaryngology and Head-Neck Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26352681/low-rate-of-perinatal-sepsis-in-term-infants-of-mothers-with-chorioamnionitis
#15
David Braun, Patricia Bromberger, Ngoc J Ho, Darios Getahun
OBJECTIVE: The risk of infection in infants of mothers with chorioamnionitis (CAM) may be lower than previously reported. This study's objective was to determine the incidence of intrapartum fever (IPF) and culture-positive early-onset bacterial neonatal infection (CPEOI) in the late preterm and term infants of mothers with or without CAM and to assess interhospital variation in neonatal infection management. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included mothers and newborns delivered at ≥35 weeks gestation at Kaiser Permanente Southern California Hospitals in 2010 (n = 31,112)...
January 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26291301/atypical-acute-respiratory-disorder-in-late-preterm-and-term-newborn-infants
#16
Seung Hyun Lee, Chang Won Choi, Yeon Kyun Oh, Beyong Il Kim
OBJECTIVE: We were to describe the clinical characteristics of late preterm and term newborn infants who needed invasive or non-invasive ventilation for respiratory distress but did not meet the diagnostic criteria of common neonatal respiratory disorders (atypical acute respiratory disorder; aRD). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed electronic medical records of 242 late preterm and term newborn infants born who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit for acute respiratory distress developed within 24 h after birth...
2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26267282/atypical-acute-respiratory-disorder-in-late-preterm-and-term-newborn-infants
#17
Seung Hyun Lee, Chang Won Choi, Yeon Kyun Oh, Beyong Il Kim
OBJECTIVE: We were to describe the clinical characteristics of late preterm and term newborn infants who needed invasive or non-invasive ventilation for respiratory distress but did not meet the diagnostic criteria of common neonatal respiratory disorders (atypical acute respiratory disorder; aRD). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed electronic medical records of 242 late preterm and term newborn infants born who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit for acute respiratory distress developed within 24 h after birth...
August 12, 2015: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26177722/the-study-of-women-infant-feeding-and-type-2-diabetes-after-gdm-pregnancy-and-growth-of-their-offspring-swift-offspring-study-prospective-design-methodology-and-baseline-characteristics
#18
Erica P Gunderson, Shanta R Hurston, Kathryn G Dewey, Myles S Faith, Nancy Charvat-Aguilar, Vicky C Khoury, Van T Nguyen, Charles P Quesenberry
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with reduced risk of becoming overweight or obese later in life. Breastfed babies grow more slowly during infancy than formula-fed babies. Among offspring exposed in utero to maternal glucose intolerance, prospective data on growth during infancy have been unavailable. Thus, scientific evidence is insufficient to conclude that breastfeeding reduces the risk of obesity among the offspring of diabetic mothers (ODM). To address this gap, we devised the Study of Women, Infant Feeding and Type 2 Diabetes after GDM Pregnancy and Growth of their Offspring, also known as the SWIFT Offspring Study...
2015: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25934810/early-weight-loss-nomograms-for-formula-fed-newborns
#19
Jennifer R Miller, Valerie J Flaherman, Eric W Schaefer, Michael W Kuzniewicz, Sherian X Li, Eileen M Walsh, Ian M Paul
OBJECTIVES: To develop nomograms depicting percentiles of weight loss by hour of age for both vaginal and cesarean-delivered newborns who are exclusively formula fed. METHODS: Data regarding delivery mode, race/ethnicity, feeding type, and weights were extracted from electronic medical records of the birth hospitalization at 14 Kaiser Permanente Northern California hospitals between 2009 and 2013. Newborns whose first feeding was formula from a cohort of 161 471 healthy, term, singleton neonates born at ≥36 weeks' gestation between 2009 and 2013 were identified...
May 2015: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25853533/newborn-well-child-visits-in-the-home-setting-a-pilot-study-in-a-family-medicine-residency
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ashley Lakin, Mary Beth Sutter, Susanna Magee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study was to pilot a home visit program targeting neonates conducted by family medicine residents. While the literature shows that home visit programs are successful at preventing adverse outcomes for young children, such as improving parenting practices and promoting breastfeeding, no data exist about newborn home visits conducted by resident physicians. METHODS: Residents conducted newborn home visits precepted by a family medicine faculty member from June 2012--May 2013...
March 2015: Family Medicine
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