keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pharynx

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107314/effect-of-treatment-with-twin-block-appliances-on-body-posture-in-class-ii-malocclusion-subjects-a-prospective-clinical-study
#1
Dalia Smailienė, Aistė Intienė, Irma Dobradziejutė, Gintaras Kušleika
BACKGROUND There is strong evidence that malocclusion and body posture are interdependent. The relationship between improvement of nasopharyngeal airway, correction of malocclusion by orthodontic treatment or orthognathic surgery, and changes in body posture were evaluated in several studies. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the effect of the orthodontic treatment with Twin-block appliance on body posture. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study group consisted of 23 children (mean age 12.45 (1.06) years)...
January 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101664/history-and-evolution-of-the-barium-swallow-for-evaluation-of-the-pharynx-and-esophagus
#2
REVIEW
Marc S Levine, Stephen E Rubesin
This article reviews the history of the barium swallow from its early role in radiology to its current status as an important diagnostic test in modern radiology practice. Though a variety of diagnostic procedures can be performed to evaluate patients with dysphagia or other pharyngeal or esophageal symptoms, the barium study has evolved into a readily available, non-invasive, and cost-effective technique that can facilitate the selection of additional diagnostic tests and guide decisions about medical, endoscopic, or surgical management...
January 18, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099576/bpi-fold-bpif-containing-plunc-protein-expression-in-human-fetal-major-and-minor-salivary-glands
#3
Daniel Berretta Moreira Alves, Lynne Bingle, Colin David Bingle, Silvia Vanessa Lourenço, Andréia Aparecida Silva, Débora Lima Pereira, Pablo Agustin Vargas
The aim of this study was to determine expression, not previously described, of PLUNC (palate, lung, and nasal epithelium clone) (BPI-fold containing) proteins in major and minor salivary glands from very early fetal tissue to the end of the second trimester and thus gain further insight into the function of these proteins. Early fetal heads, and major and minor salivary glands were collected retrospectively and glands were classified according to morphodifferentiation stage. Expression of BPI-fold containing proteins was localized through immunohistochemistry...
January 16, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098054/long-term-esophageal-motility-changes-after-thyroidectomy-associations-with-aerodigestive-disorders
#4
G Scerrino, A Inviati, S Di Giovanni, N C Paladino, S Di Giovanni, N C Paladino, V Di Paola, C Raspanti, G I Melfa, F Cupido, S Mazzola, C Porrello, S Bonventre, G Gullotta
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing thyroidectomy often complain aerodigestive disorders. In a previous study we showed the associations between voice impairment and proximal acid reflux, swallowing impairment and Upper Esophageal Sphyncter (UES) incoordination and the decrease in UES pressure in thirty-six patients observed before and soon afterwards uncomplicated thyroidectomy. This study investigated the state of post-thyroidectomy esophageal motility changes and its associations with these disorders after 18-24 months...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096975/a-prospective-survey-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-colonization-and-infection-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#5
Regev Cohen, Frida Babushkin, Shoshana Cohen, Marina Afraimov, Maurice Shapiro, Martina Uda, Efrat Khabra, Amos Adler, Ronen Ben Ami, Svetlana Paikin
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) surveillance may improve empiric antimicrobial therapy, since colonizing strains frequently cause infections. This colonization may be 'endogenous' or 'exogenous', and the source determines infection control measures. We prospectively investigated the sources of PA, the clinical impact of PA colonization upon admission and the dynamics of colonization at different body sites throughout the intensive care unit stay. METHODS: Intensive care patients were screened on admission and weekly from the pharynx, endotracheal aspirate, rectum and urine...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092946/carcinogenesis-of-the-oral-cavity-environmental-causes-and-potential-prevention-by-black-raspberry
#6
Karam El-Bayoumy, Kun-Ming Chen, Shang-Min Zhang, Yuan-Wan Sun, Shantu Amin, Gary Stoner, Joseph B Guttenplan
Worldwide, cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx comprise the sixth most common malignancies. Histologically, more than 90% of oral cancers are squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Epidemiologic data strongly support the role of exogenous factors such as tobacco, alcohol, and human papilloma virus infection as major causative agents. Avoidance of risk factors has only been partially successful, and survival rates have not improved despite advances in therapeutic approaches. Therefore, new or improved approaches to prevention and/or early detection are critical...
January 17, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079429/association-between-late-effects-assessed-by-physicians-and-quality-of-life-reported-by-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors
#7
Rikke Daugaard, Trille Kjaer, Christoffer Johansen, Jane Christiansen, Elo Andersen, Anni L Nielsen, Susanne O Dalton
BACKGROUND: Many survivors of head-and-neck cancer (HNC) suffer from late effects. Their overall quality of life deteriorates during treatment, followed by a slow recovery up to five years after treatment. We examined the association between the severity of physician-assessed late effects and the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) reported by survivors of HNC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis was based on data collected during follow-up for 136 survivors of cancer in the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, or salivary glands...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062993/the-discovery-of-caligus-macrurus-heller-1865-copepoda-caligidae-in-the-mediterranean-sea-and-the-recognition-of-sciaenophilus-van-beneden-1852-as-a-junior-synonym-of-caligus-m%C3%A3-ller-1785
#8
Argun Akif Özak, Alper Yanar, Geoffrey Allan Boxshall
The siphonostomatoid parasitic copepod Caligus macrurus Heller, 1865 is redescribed based on new material collected from the gill filaments and pharynx of tripletail Lobotes surinamensis Bloch (Lobotidae) caught in Iskenderun Bay, Turkey. Key diagnostic characters and newly observed taxonomic features are reported, supported by light and scanning electron microscopy observations. This is the first report of C. macrurus from Mediterranean waters. Caligus macrurus is also recognised as conspecific with the better known Caligus bennetti Causey, 1953, found on the same host, which becomes a junior subjective synonym of C...
January 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062986/the-psilostomidae-looss-1900-sensu-stricto-digenea-echinostomatoidea-description-of-three-new-genera-and-a-key-to-the-genera-of-the-family
#9
Olena Kudlai, Aneta Kostadinova, Eric E Pulis, Vasyl V Tkach
Three new psilostomid genera, Byrdtrema n. g., Longisaccus n. g. and Macracetabulum n. g., each with a single species, are described from ducks, Aix sponsa (L.) and Bucephala albeola (L.) in North America. Byrdtrema n. g. and Macracetabulum n. g. possess a bipartite seminal vesicle and share this character with four psilostomid genera, Grysoma Byrd, Bogitsh & Maples, 1961, Neopsilotrema Kudlai, Pulis, Kostadinova & Tkach, 2016, Psilostomum Looss, 1899 and Psilotornus Byrd & Prestwood, 1969. Byrdtrema n. g. differs from Macracetabulum n...
January 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060973/evaluation-of-morphological-changes-in-pharynx-with-dynamic-ct-and-mri-in-snoring-patients
#10
Fatma Aktaş, Turan Aktaş, Zafer Özmen, Hüseyin Akan, Tolga Aksöz, Aysegül Altunkaş
BACKGROUND: Identifying the craniofacial abnormalities that cause snoring and the narrowest area of the upper airway creating obstructions can help to determine the proper method of treatment. AIM: To identify the factors that can cause snoring and the areas of the airway that are the most likely to collapse with upper airway imaging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Axial pharynx examinations with CT (computerized tomography) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed to 38 patients complaining of snoring and 12 patients who did not complain of snoring...
September 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050669/usa300-a-strain-of-community-associated-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-crossing-belgium-s-borders-outbreak-of-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-in-a-hospital-in-belgium
#11
K Kaïret, E Ho, D Van Kerkhoven, J Boes, S Van Calenbergh, L Pattyn, P Lemay
OBJECTIVE: to investigate an outbreak of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) USA300 in a hospital setting, and the effect of infection control measures. DESIGN: outbreak investigation and retrospective chart review. SETTING: local inpatient and outpatient clinic. PATIENTS: all patients with a history of skin and soft tissue infections with culture-confirmed methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA 300 infection from September, 2014, through June, 2015...
January 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050469/interference-of-vaccine-derived-polio-viruses-with-diagnosis-of-enteroviral-diseases-in-neonatal-period
#12
Mohammad Saeed Sasan, Alireza Ataei Nakhaei, Abdolvahab Alborzi, Mazyar Ziyaeyan
INTRODUCTION: Enteroviruses (EV) are a common cause of neonatal sepsis especially at the junction of summer and fall. AIM: This study was planned to find the frequency of Enteroviral (EV) sepsis among neonates with clinical sepsis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective descriptive study. Rectal and pharyngeal swab samples were taken from all neonates with clinical sepsis and a control group of neonates with simple jaundice. EV was confirmed by both cell culture and RT-PCR...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047302/su-f-t-186-a-treatment-planning-study-of-normal-tissue-sparing-with-robustness-optimized-impt-4pi-imrt-and-vmat-for-head-and-neck-cases
#13
J Zhang, D Nguyen, K Woods, A Tran, X Li, X Ding, P Kabolizadeh, T Guerrero, K Sheng
PURPOSE: We performed a retrospective dosimetric comparison study between the robustness optimized Intensity Modulated Proton Therapy (RO-IMPT), volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT), and the non-coplanar 4? intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). These methods represent the most advanced radiation treatment methods clinically available. We compare their dosimetric performance for head and neck cancer treatments with special focus on the OAR sparing near the tumor volumes. METHODS: A total of 11 head and neck cases, which include 10 recurrent cases and one bilateral case, were selected for the study...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040606/steinert-syndrome-and-repercussions-in-dental-medicine
#14
REVIEW
Helena Baptista, Inês Lopes Cardoso
Steinert syndrome, also called myotonic dystrophy type 1, is a genetic disorder with autosomal dominant transmission characterized by myotonia and a multisystemic clinical picture that affects several tissues of the human body. The most common systemic phenotypes are: muscular, cardiac, respiratory, CNS, ocular, gynecological, digestive, orthopedical, as well as cognitive and psychological symptoms (cognitive decline). Muscles involved in voluntary movement are highly affected by myotonia especially distal muscles of upper limbs...
December 23, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034836/the-ciona-intestinalis-immune-related-galectin-genes-cilgals-a-and-cilgals-b-are-expressed-by-the-gastric-epithelium
#15
Daniela Parrinello, Maria Antonietta Sanfratello, Aiti Vizzini, Lelia Testasecca, Nicolò Parrinello, Matteo Cammarata
The transcription of two Ciona intestinalis galectin genes (CiLgals-a and CiLgals-b) is uparegulated by LPS in the pharynxis (hemocytes, vessel epithelium, endostilar zones) which is retained the main organ of the immunity. In this ascidian, for the first time we show, by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization methods, that these two immune-related genes are expressed in the gastric epithelium of naïve ascidians, whereas the galectins appear to be only contained in the intestine columnar epithelium...
December 26, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030357/two-new-species-of-digeneans-lecithasteridae-and-haploporidae-of-the-intertidal-blenny-scartichthys-viridis-valenciennes-from-the-central-coast-of-chile
#16
Gabriela Muñoz, Mario George-Nascimento, Rodney A Bray
Two new digenean species are described from the intertidal blenny Scartichthys viridis (Valenciennes) (Blenniidae) collected off the coasts of Chile. The digenean Monorchimacradena viridis n. sp. (Lecithasteridae: Macradenininae) differs from the only known species described in the genus, M. acanthuri Nahhas and Cable 1964, in the presence of Drüsenmagen in the caeca, the location of the seminal vesicle between the testis and ovary (anterior to the testis in M. viridis n. sp.), and the pre-ovarian vitellarium...
March 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028929/molecular-genetic-and-biochemical-responses-in-human-airway-epithelial-cell-cultures-exposed-to-titanium-nanoparticles-in-vitro
#17
Elanur Aydın, Hasan Türkez, Fazıl Hacımüftüoğlu, Abdulgani Tatar, Fatime Geyikoğlu
Titanium nanoparticles (NPs) have very wide application areas such as paint, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and biomedical applications. And, to translate these nanomaterials to the clinic and industrial domains, their safety needs to be verified, particularly in terms of genotoxicity and cytotoxicity. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to investigate of cytotoxicity and changes in gene expression profiles influenced by commonly titanium (as titanium carbide, titanium carbo-nitride, titanium (II) oxide, titanium (III) oxide, titanium (IV) oxide, titanium nitride, titanium silicon oxide) NPs in human alveolar epithelial (HPAEpiC) and pharynx (HPPC) cell lines in vitro since inhalation is an important pathway for exposure to these nanoparticles...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018892/cancer-incidence-attributable-to-insufficient-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-alberta-in-2012
#18
Anne Grundy, Abbey E Poirier, Farah Khandwala, Alison McFadden, Christine M Friedenreich, Darren R Brenner
BACKGROUND: Sufficient fruit and vegetable consumption (≥ 5 servings/d) has been associated with a probable decreased risk for cancers of the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, stomach and lung (fruit only). The purpose of this study was to estimate the proportion and absolute number of cancer cases in Alberta in 2012 that were attributable to insufficient fruit and vegetable consumption. METHODS: The numbers and proportions of cancers attributable to insufficient fruit and vegetable consumption were estimated using the population attributable risk...
October 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018695/from-benign-to-malign-in-a-case-of-cervical-adenopathy-in-a-17-year-old-adolescent-diagnostic-traps
#19
Simona Dumitra, Maria Trailescu, Amelia Burlea, Claudia Covaci, Ozana Balan, Adrian Pavel, Carmen Crișan
Distinguishing between benign and malign adenopathies remains a challenge and could represent a source of error in a diagnosis. We report a case of right laterocervical adenopathy in a 17-year-old teenager admitted to hospital with an episode of fever associated with dysphagia, congested pharynx, and pultaceous deposits. Initially the adenopathy was considered to be secondary to a coinfection with Streptococcus B-hemolytic and Epstein-Barr virus, as suggested by the positive bacteriological and serological tests...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011566/cancer-of-the-oral-cavity-pharynx-and-larynx-evidence-based-decision-making
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Anticancer Research
keyword
keyword
18765
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"