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Depression, anxiety, cognitive therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325175/developing-a-peer-support-protocol-for-improving-veterans-engagement-to-computer-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-therapy
#1
John M Ray, Lakiesha L Kemp, Amanda Hubbard, Michael A Cucciare
BACKGROUND: Computer-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) is an effective alternative to provider-delivered treatment for depression and anxiety, but high attrition poses a significant challenge to its use. Peer support is a feasible approach to improving cCBT engagement, but less is known about its acceptability among Veterans. AIMS: To obtain feedback from Veterans (n = 24) with depression and/or anxiety on their preferences for (a) activities of Veterans Administration Peer Support Specialists (VA PSS) in helping Veterans use Moving Forward, a cCBT-based protocol developed by VA, and (b) methods for delivering support to Veterans using this programme...
March 22, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324302/huntington-s-disease-update-on-treatments
#2
REVIEW
Kara J Wyant, Andrew J Ridder, Praveen Dayalu
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominantly inherited neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive motor, behavioral, and cognitive decline, ending in death. Despite the discovery of the underlying genetic mutation more than 20 years ago, treatment remains focused on symptomatic management. Chorea, the most recognizable symptom, responds to medication that reduces dopaminergic neurotransmission. Psychiatric symptoms such as depression and anxiety may also respond well to symptomatic therapies...
April 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322476/optimizing-exposure-based-cbt-for-anxiety-disorders-via-enhanced-extinction-design-and-methods-of-a-multicentre-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Ingmar Heinig, Andre Pittig, Jan Richter, Katrin Hummel, Isabel Alt, Kristina Dickhöver, Jennifer Gamer, Maike Hollandt, Katja Koelkebeck, Anne Maenz, Sophia Tennie, Christina Totzeck, Yunbo Yang, Volker Arolt, Jürgen Deckert, Katharina Domschke, Thomas Fydrich, Alfons Hamm, Jürgen Hoyer, Tilo Kircher, Ulrike Lueken, Jürgen Margraf, Peter Neudeck, Paul Pauli, Winfried Rief, Silvia Schneider, Benjamin Straube, Andreas Ströhle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen
Exposure-based psychological interventions currently represent the empirically best established first line form of cognitive-behavioural therapy for all types of anxiety disorders. Although shown to be highly effective in both randomized clinical and other studies, there are important deficits: (1) the core mechanisms of action are still under debate, (2) it is not known whether such treatments work equally well in all forms of anxiety disorders, including comorbid diagnoses like depression, (3) it is not known whether an intensified treatment with more frequent sessions in a shorter period of time provides better outcome than distributed sessions over longer time intervals...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322440/psychological-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
REVIEW
Zafar A Usmani, Kristin V Carson, Karen Heslop, Adrian J Esterman, Anthony De Soyza, Brian J Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (commonly referred to as chronic bronchitis and emphysema) is a chronic lung condition characterised by the inflammation of airways and irreversible destruction of pulmonary tissue leading to progressively worsening dyspnoea. It is a leading international cause of disability and death in adults. Evidence suggests that there is an increased prevalence of anxiety disorders in people with COPD. The severity of anxiety has been shown to correlate with the severity of COPD, however anxiety can occur with all stages of COPD severity...
March 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316129/cognitive-compensatory-processes-of-older-clinically-fit-patients-with-hematologic-malignancies-undergoing-chemotherapy-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#5
Yves Libert, Cindy Borghgraef, Yves Beguin, Nicole Delvaux, Martine Devos, Chantal Doyen, Stéphanie Dubruille, Anne-Marie Etienne, Aurore Liénard, Isabelle Merckaert, Christine Reynaert, Jean-Louis Slachmuylder, Nicole Straetmans, Eric Van Den Neste, Dominique Bron, Darius Razavi
OBJECTIVE: Despite the well-known negative impacts of cancer and anticancer therapies on cognitive performance, little is known about the cognitive compensatory processes of older patients with cancer. This study was designed to investigate the cognitive compensatory processes of older, clinically-fit patients with hematologic malignancies undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: We assessed 89 consecutive patients (age ≥ 65 years) without severe cognitive impairment and 89 age-, sex-, and education level-matched healthy controls...
March 18, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314548/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-patients-with-diabetes-and-depression
#6
REVIEW
Chen Li, Duo Xu, Mingyue Hu, Yongfei Tan, Ping Zhang, Guichen Li, Li Chen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to systematically examine the efficacy of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for diabetic patients who have comorbid depression and to identify which aspects can be improved through intervention. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using multiple databases. The inclusion criteria included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of CBT that were conducted with diabetes patients with clinically relevant depression...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298187/icanadapt-early-protocol-randomised-controlled-trial-rct-of-clinician-supervised-transdiagnostic-internet-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-icbt-for-depression-and-or-anxiety-in-early-stage-cancer-survivors-vs-treatment-as-usual
#7
M J Murphy, J M Newby, P Butow, L Kirsten, K Allison, S Loughnan, M A Price, J Shaw, H Shepherd, J Smith, G Andrews
BACKGROUND: This RCT with two parallel arms will evaluate the efficacy of an internet-delivered transdiagnostic cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) intervention for the treatment of clinical depression and/or anxiety in early stage cancer survivors. METHODS/DESIGN: Early stage cancer survivors will be recruited via the research arm of a not-for-profit clinical research unit and randomised to an intervention (iCBT) group or a 'treatment as usual' (TAU) control group...
March 15, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291302/psychosocial-group-interventions-to-improve-psychological-well-being-in-adults-living-with-hiv
#8
REVIEW
Ingrid van der Heijden, Naeemah Abrahams, David Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Being diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and labelled with a chronic, life-threatening, and often stigmatizing disease, can impact on a person's well-being. Psychosocial group interventions aim to improve life-functioning and coping as individuals adjust to the diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of psychosocial group interventions for improving the psychological well-being of adults living with HIV/AIDS. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases up to 14 March 2016: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) published in the Cochrane Library (Issue 2, 2016), PubMed (MEDLINE) (1996 to 14 March 2016), Embase (1996 to 14 March 2016), and Clinical Trials...
March 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288592/transfer-of-manualized-short-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-stpp-for-social-anxiety-disorder-into-clinical-practice-results-from-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Jörg Wiltink, Christian Ruckes, Jürgen Hoyer, Falk Leichsenring, Peter Joraschky, Frank Leweke, Karin Pöhlmann, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence for manualized psychodynamic treatments, there is a lack of studies on their transfer to routine practice. This is the first study to examine the effects of an additional training in manualized Short Term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (STPP) on the outcome in routine psychotherapy for social anxiety disorder (SAD). The study is an extension to a large RCT comparing STPP to Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy of SAD. METHODS: The manualized treatment was designed for a time limited approach with 25 individual sessions of STPP over 6 months...
March 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288496/-effectiveness-of-cbt-on-unemployed-compared-to-employed-individuals-suffering-from-prevalent-mental-disorders-a-naturalistic-study
#10
Friederike Maurer, Sören Kliem, Katharina Bode, Melina Andrea Del Pozo, Christoph Kröger
Background Unemployed individuals suffer more from mental strain than those who have jobs. Up until now, little information could be found regarding the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for unemployed people with mental disorders. The aim of this study was to compare the impact of CBT on employed versus unemployed individuals in a naturalistic setting. Methods 92 outpatients with prevalent mental disorders (depression and anxiety) were matched post-hoc and assessed pre-treatment, post-treatment, and at follow-up...
February 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287065/effectiveness-of-group-behavioural-activation-for-depression-a-pilot-study
#11
Stephen Kellett, Mel Simmonds-Buckley, Paul Bliss, Glenn Waller
BACKGROUND: The evidence base for behavioural activation (BA) is mainly grounded in the individual delivery method, with much less known about the impact of group delivery. AIMS: To conduct a pilot study of behavioural activation in groups (BAG) for depression delivered in a routine service setting, in order to explore acceptability, effectiveness and predictors of outcome. METHODS: The manualized group treatment format was delivered in a Primary Care mental health setting, at step three of an Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) service...
March 13, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284581/cognitive-function-surrounding-resection-of-nonfunctioning-pituitary-adenomas-with-suprasellar-extension-a-prospective-matched-control-study
#12
Philipp Hendrix, Christoph J Griessenauer, Elisa Hans, Andreas Simgen, Joachim Oertel, Julia Karbach
OBJECTIVE: Patients suffering from pituitary adenomas may experience cognitive dysfunctions due to hormonal imbalance or suprasellar tumor extension displacing neural structures. Progressively enlarging or symptomatic nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas with suprasellar extension are frequently resected. The literature on neurocognitive performance surrounding resection of these lesions is sparse. METHODS: A prospective matched-control study was conducted to investigate the impact of nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas with suprasellar extension on preoperative and postoperative cognitive performance...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277735/the-core-symptoms-of-bulimia-nervosa-anxiety-and-depression-a-network-analysis
#13
Cheri A Levinson, Stephanie Zerwas, Benjamin Calebs, Kelsie Forbush, Hans Kordy, Hunna Watson, Sara Hofmeier, Michele Levine, Ross D Crosby, Christine Peat, Cristin D Runfola, Benjamin Zimmer, Markus Moesner, Marsha D Marcus, Cynthia M Bulik
Bulimia nervosa (BN) is characterized by symptoms of binge eating and compensatory behavior, and overevaluation of weight and shape, which often co-occur with symptoms of anxiety and depression. However, there is little research identifying which specific BN symptoms maintain BN psychopathology and how they are associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety. Network analyses represent an emerging method in psychopathology research to examine how symptoms interact and may become self-reinforcing. In the current study of adults with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) diagnosis of BN (N = 196), we used network analysis to identify the central symptoms of BN, as well as symptoms that may bridge the association between BN symptoms and anxiety and depression symptoms...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275872/music-intervention-on-cognitive-dysfunction-in-healthy-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Bing Xu, Yi Sui, Chunyan Zhu, Xiaomei Yang, Jin Zhou, Li Li, Li Ren, Xu Wang
The background of this study is to determine whether there is an association between music intervention and cognitive dysfunction therapy in healthy older adults, and if so, whether music intervention can be used as first-line non-pharmacological treatment. The method used in this study is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials that examined the effects of music intervention on patient-relevant and disease-specific outcomes. A comprehensive literature was performed on PubMed, EMbase and the Cochrane Library from inception to September 2016...
March 8, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261923/preventing-intimate-partner-violence-via-the-internet-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-emotion-regulation-and-conflict-management-training-for-individuals-with-aggression-problems
#15
Hugo Hesser, Sandra Axelsson, Victoria Bäcke, Jonna Engstrand, Tina Gustafsson, Elin Holmgren, Ulrika Jeppsson, Maria Pollack, Kjell Nordén, Dan Rosenqvist, Gerhard Andersson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate the effect of an Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT), which incorporated emotion-regulation and conflict-resolution techniques, on intimate partner violence (IPV). Another aim was to test the theoretical underpinnings of the treatment model using mediation analysis. METHOD: Sixty-five participants with aggression problems in intimate adult relationships were recruited from the community and were randomly assigned to iCBT or to a monitored waitlist control...
March 6, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260554/social-anxiety-and-fear-of-causing-discomfort-to-others-diagnostic-specificity-symptom-correlates-and-cbt-treatment-outcome
#16
Yasunori Nishikawa, Judith M Laposa, Rotem Regev, Neil A Rector
BACKGROUND: Patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD) report fear content relating to the perceived aversive consequences of their anxiety for others in their social environment. However, no studies to date have examined the diagnostic specificity of these fears to SAD as well as predictors to treatment response of these fears. AIMS: To examine relative specificity of fears related to causing discomfort to others, as measured by Social Anxiety-Fear of Causing Discomfort to Others (SA-DOS), among patients with anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and major depressive disorder (MDD), in addition to relation between dysfunctional attitudes and treatment response among patients with SAD...
March 6, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259171/school-based-cognitive-behavioral-interventions-for-anxious-youth-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Bente Storm Mowatt Haugland, Solfrid Raknes, Aashild Tellefsen Haaland, Gro Janne Wergeland, Jon Fauskanger Bjaastad, Valborg Baste, Joe Himle, Ron Rapee, Asle Hoffart
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are prevalent among adolescents and may have long-lasting negative consequences for the individual, the family and society. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment. However, many anxious youth do not seek treatment. Low-intensity CBT in schools may improve access to evidence-based services. We aim to investigate the efficacy of two CBT youth anxiety programs with different intensities (i.e., number and length of sessions), both group-based and administered as early interventions in a school setting...
March 4, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259151/effects-of-five-minute-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-simplified-emotion-focused-mindfulness-on-depressive-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Remi Noguchi, Yoichi Sekizawa, Mirai So, Sosei Yamaguchi, Eiji Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Notwithstanding a high expectation for internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) for reducing depressive symptoms, many of iCBT programs have limitations such as temporary effects and high drop-out rates, possibly due to their complexity. We examined the effects of a free, simplified, 5-minute iCBT program by comparing it with a simplified emotion-focused mindfulness (sEFM) exercise and with a waiting list control group. METHODS: A total of 974 participants, who were recruited using the website of a market research company, were randomly assigned to the iCBT group, the sEFM group, and the control group...
March 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254959/telephone-supported-computerised-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-reeact-2-large-scale-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Simon Gilbody, Sally Brabyn, Karina Lovell, David Kessler, Thomas Devlin, Lucy Smith, Ricardo Araya, Michael Barkham, Peter Bower, Cindy Cooper, Sarah Knowles, Elizabeth Littlewood, David A Richards, Debbie Tallon, David White, Gillian Worthy
BackgroundComputerised cognitive-behavioural therapy (cCBT) for depression has the potential to be efficient therapy but engagement is poor in primary care trials.AimsWe tested the benefits of adding telephone support to cCBT.MethodWe compared telephone-facilitated cCBT (MoodGYM) (n = 187) to minimally supported cCBT (MoodGYM) (n = 182) in a pragmatic randomised trial (trial registration: ISRCTN55310481). Outcomes were depression severity (Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9), anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire (GAD)-7) and somatoform complaints (PHQ-15) at 4 and 12 months...
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252881/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-on-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-for-unipolar-depression-in-patients-with-chronic-pain
#20
Marasha de Jong, Frenk Peeters, Tim Gard, Heidi Ashih, Jim Doorley, Rosemary Walker, Laurie Rhoades, Ronald J Kulich, Karsten D Kueppenbender, Jonathan E Alpert, Elizabeth A Hoge, Willoughby B Britton, Sara W Lazar, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon
OBJECTIVE: Chronic pain is a disabling illness, often comorbid with depression. We performed a randomized controlled pilot study on mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) targeting depression in a chronic pain population. METHOD: Participants with chronic pain lasting ≥ 3 months; DSM-IV major depressive disorder (MDD), dysthymic disorder, or depressive disorder not otherwise specified; and a 16-item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Clinician Rated (QIDS-C₁₆) score ≥ 6 were randomly assigned to MBCT (n = 26) or waitlist (n = 14)...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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