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Depression, anxiety, cognitive therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936816/-effect-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-sexual-satisfaction-marital-adjustment-and-levels-of-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-couples-with-vaginismus
#1
Cennet Şafak Öztürk, Haluk Arkar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) on sexual functions of women with vaginismus and their husbands, their marital adjustment, and their levels of depression and anxiety symptoms. METHOD: Twenty-six couples diagnosed as vaginismus according to DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria in gynecology outpatient clinics of Izmir Ege Maternity Hospital and Gynecological Diseases Training and Research Hospital were included in the study...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935393/the-effectiveness-of-psychological-interventions-on-self-care-psychological-and-health-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Ying Jiang, Shefaly Shorey, Betsy Seah, Wanxian Chan, Wilson Wai San Tam, Wenru Wang
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence to determine the effects of psychological interventions on self-care and psychological and health outcomes in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: We evaluated the effectiveness of randomized controlled trials using psychological methods or theory on self-care behaviors, anxiety and depression levels, HRQoL, and physical function. Studies published in English, from January 2006 to December 2016, were considered. We searched published and unpublished studies in the following electronic databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932258/the-effect-for-japanese-workers-of-a-self-help-computerized-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-program-with-a-supplement-soft-drink
#3
Kentaro Shirotsuki, Yuji Nonaka, Keiichi Abe, So-Ichiro Adachi, Shohei Adachi, Tomifusa Kuboki, Mutsuhiro Nakao
BACKGROUND: Computerized cognitive behaviour therapy (CCBT) programs can provide a useful self-help approach to the treatment of psychological problems. Previous studies have shown that CCBT has moderate effects on depression, insomnia, and anxiety. The present study investigated whether a supplement drink that includes L-carnosine enhances the effect of CCBT on psychological well-being. METHODS: Eighty-seven participants were randomly allocated to a control group, CCBT, or CCBT with supplement drink...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926526/group-interventions-to-reduce-emotional-distress-and-fatigue-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-9-month-follow-up-pragmatic-trial
#4
Charlotte Grégoire, Isabelle Bragard, Guy Jerusalem, Anne-Marie Etienne, Philippe Coucke, Gilles Dupuis, Dominique Lanctôt, Marie-Elisabeth Faymonville
BACKGROUND: Long-term effects of psychosocial interventions to reduce emotional distress, sleep difficulties, and fatigue of breast cancer patients are rarely examined. We aim to assess the effectiveness of three group interventions, based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), yoga, and self-hypnosis, in comparison to a control group at a 9-month follow-up. METHODS: A total of 123 patients chose to participate in one of the interventions. A control group was set up for those who agreed not to participate...
September 19, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922159/can-musical-or-painting-interventions-improve-chronic-pain-mood-quality-of-life-and-cognition-in-patients-with-mild-alzheimer-s-disease-evidence-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Elodie Pongan, Barbara Tillmann, Yohana Leveque, Béatrice Trombert, Jean Claude Getenet, Nicolas Auguste, Virginie Dauphinot, Hanane El Haouari, Malou Navez, Jean-Michel Dorey, Pierre Krolak-Salmon, Bernard Laurent, Isabelle Rouch
BACKGROUND: Among non-pharmacological therapies, musical intervention is often used for patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and patients presenting with chronic pain. However, their efficacy is still under debate. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine the efficacy of choral singing versus painting sessions on chronic pain, mood, quality of life, and cognition in AD patients. METHODS: In this multicenter randomized controlled trial, 59 mild AD patients were randomized to a 12-week singing (SG; n = 31) or painting group (PG; n = 28)...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922003/behavioral-activation-strategies-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety-disorders
#6
James F Boswell, Brittany R Iles, Matthew W Gallagher, Todd J Farchione
Considerable work and attention has supported the use of behavioral activation (BA) strategies in the treatment of depressive disorders. Although not often recognized, BA, both implicitly and explicitly, appears to be conceptually and empirically relevant to the treatment of diverse problem areas, including the anxiety disorders. This article addresses the role of BA strategies in transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety and related disorders, including in cases without comorbid depression...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919766/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-somatic-symptom-disorders-in-later-life-a-prospective-comparative-explorative-pilot-study-in-two-clinical-populations
#7
Michelle Jh Verdurmen, Arjan C Videler, Astrid M Kamperman, David Khasho, Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients with somatic symptom disorder (SSD) put a great burden on the health care delivery system. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective in adults with SSD. However, no studies have been conducted yet into CBT for SSD in later life. OBJECTIVES: We explored the feasibility of CBT for SSD in the elderly. METHODS: This is a prospective pilot study comparing two outpatient specialty mental health settings for adults (<60 years; n=13) and for elderly patients (≥60 years; n=9) with SSD...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913732/patient-and-provider-perceptions-of-internet-delivered-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-recent-cancer-survivors
#8
Nicole M Alberts, Heather D Hadjistavropoulos, Nickolai Titov, Blake F Dear
PURPOSE: Although most cancer survivors adjust well, a subset experiences clinical levels of anxiety and depression following cancer treatment. Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (iCBT) is a promising intervention for symptoms of anxiety and depression among survivors; however, patient and provider perceptions of iCBT have not been examined. METHODS: We employed an exploratory qualitative method and conducted semi-structured interviews with 13 cancer survivors and 10 providers to examine iCBT strengths and weaknesses, areas for improvement, and perceived barriers to program completion...
September 15, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904603/mindfulness-based-treatment-for-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Sanja Bojic, Rodrigo Becerra
Despite the increasing number of studies examining the effects of mindfulness interventions on symptoms associated with Bipolar Disorder (BD), the effectiveness of this type of interventions remains unclear. The aim of the present systematic review was to (i) critically review all available evidence on Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) as a form of intervention for BD; (ii) discuss clinical implications of MBCT in treating patients with BD; and (iii) provide a direction for future research. The review presents findings from 13 studies (N = 429) that fulfilled the following selection criteria: (i) included BD patients; (ii) presented results separately for BD patients and control groups (where a control group was available); (iii) implemented MBCT intervention; (iv) were published in English; (v) were published in a peer reviewed journal; and (vi) reported results for adult participants...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904538/the-effect-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-stress-anxiety-and-depression-of-women-with-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Saeid Pahlavanzadeh, Samira Abbasi, Nasrollah Alimohammadi
BACKGROUND: One of the factors that could influence the quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis, which is usually overlooked, is its psychological aspects. Considering the increasing acceptance of complementary medicine in the health system, this study was designed and conducted to determine the effect of group cognitive therapy on the stress, anxiety, and depression of women suffering from multiple sclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial was conducted among 70 women suffering from multiple sclerosis who were referred to the health centers of Isfahan...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903792/the-relationship-between-competence-and-patient-outcome-with-low-intensity-cognitive-behavioural-interventions
#11
Amanda Branson, Pamela Myles, Mishka Mahdi, Roz Shafran
BACKGROUND: Little is understood about the relationship between therapist competence and the outcomes of patients treated for common mental health disorders. Furthermore, the evidence is yet to extend to competence in the delivery of low-intensity cognitive behavioural interventions. Understanding this relationship is essential to the dissemination and implementation of low-intensity cognitive behavioural interventions. AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between Psychological Well-being Practitioner (PWP) competence and patient outcome within the framework of the British government's Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) initiative...
September 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899365/implementation-of-internet-delivered-cognitive-behavior-therapy-within-community-mental-health-clinics-a-process-evaluation-using-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research
#12
H D Hadjistavropoulos, M M Nugent, D Dirkse, N Pugh
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are prevalent and under treated conditions that create enormous burden for the patient and the health system. Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) improves patient access to treatment by providing therapeutic information via the Internet, presented in sequential lessons, accompanied by brief weekly therapist support. While there is growing research supporting ICBT, use of ICBT within community mental health clinics is limited. In a recent trial, an external unit specializing in ICBT facilitated use of ICBT in community mental health clinics in one Canadian province (ISRCTN42729166; registered November 5, 2013)...
September 12, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882411/prenatal-stress-induced-impairments-of-cognitive-flexibility-and-bidirectional-synaptic-plasticity-are-possibly-associated-with-autophagy-in-adolescent-male-offspring
#13
Hui Zhang, Yingchun Shang, Xi Xiao, Mei Yu, Tao Zhang
Prenatal stress (PS) brings numerous outcomes on offspring, including anxiety, depression-like behavior and other cognitive disorder. In this study, a rat model of PS was established by using restraint stress for 45min three times per day from the 15th to 21st day of pregnancy. Behavioral tests, including open field test (OPT), elevated plus-maze (EPM) and Morris water-maze (MWM), were performed in adolescent male-offspring. The bidirectional synaptic plasticity, including long-term potential (LTP) and depotentiation (DEP), from the hippocampal Schaffer collaterals to CA1 region was subsequently measured...
September 4, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877841/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-health-anxiety-in-medical-patients-champ-a-randomised-controlled-trial-with-outcomes-to-5-years
#14
Peter Tyrer, Paul Salkovskis, Helen Tyrer, Duolao Wang, Michael J Crawford, Simon Dupont, Sylvia Cooper, John Green, David Murphy, Georgina Smith, Sharandeep Bhogal, Shaeda Nourmand, Valentina Lazarevic, Gemma Loebenberg, Rachel Evered, Stephanie Kings, Antoinette McNulty, Yvonne Lisseman-Stones, Sharon McAllister, Kofi Kramo, Jessica Nagar, Steven Reid, Rahil Sanatinia, Katherine Whittamore, Gemma Walker, Aaron Philip, Hilary Warwick, Sarah Byford, Barbara Barrett
BACKGROUND: Health anxiety is an under-recognised but frequent cause of distress that is potentially treatable, but there are few studies in secondary care. OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a modified form of cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) for health anxiety (CBT-HA) compared with standard care in medical outpatients. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Five general hospitals in London, Middlesex and Nottinghamshire...
September 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874920/the-manual-stimulation-of-acupuncture-points-in-the-treatment-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-review-of-clinical-emotional-freedom-techniques
#15
Dawson Church, David Feinstein
Background: The manual stimulation of acupuncture points has been combined with components of cognitive and exposure therapies into a clinical and self-help approach known as Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT). More than 40 clinical trials and four meta-analytic reviews of EFT treatments have demonstrated large effect sizes with a range of conditions, including pain, PTSD (in both civilian and military veteran populations), phobias, anxiety, and depression. Objective: This review describes the approach, with a focus on PTSD in veterans and service members, provides an overview of how EFT is most commonly applied, and outlines obstacles and cautions related to its implementation...
August 1, 2017: Medical Acupuncture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874913/brief-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-program-with-a-supplement-drink-improved-anxiety-and-somatic-symptoms-in-japanese-workers
#16
Kentaro Shirotsuki, Yuji Nonaka, Jiro Takano, Keiichi Abe, So-Ichiro Adachi, Shohei Adachi, Mutsuhiro Nakao
BACKGROUND: Self-help cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a useful approach for the treatment of psychological problems. Recent research on the effectiveness of self-help internet-based CBT (ICBT) indicates that the paradigm moderately improves psychological problems. Furthermore, previous studies have shown that food and drinks containing supplements improve various health conditions. We investigated the effect of a brief self-help ICBT administered with a supplement drink on psychological well-being and somatic symptoms...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871828/eating-behaviors-and-emotional-distress-are-predicted-by-treatment-and-adverse-outcome-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Arnulfo González-Cantú, Leonor Mireles-Zavala, Anabel Rodríguez-Romo, Elizabeth Olavide-Aguilar, Natalia Eloisa De la Garza-Hernández, Maria Elena Romero-Ibarguengoitia
Depression and anxiety are hightly prevalent among patients with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D), however not commonly related to outcomes, treatment and comorbidities. Eating behaviors could also have an implication. To evaluate the relation between mood and eating behaviors with demographic, physical, treatment, biochemical profiles and chronic comorbidities in T2D we conducted this exploratory cross sectional study in a population from Mexico. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire Revised 21 (TFEQ-R21) were correlated with age, gender, blood pressure, treatment and comorbidities (nephropathy, neuropathy, retinopathy and cardiopathy)...
September 5, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871021/effectiveness-of-two-psychological-interventions-for-pain-management-emotional-regulation-and-promotion-of-quality-of-life-among-adult-portuguese-men-with-haemophilia-psy-haemopeq-study-protocol-for-a-single-centre-prospective-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Patrícia Ribeiro Pinto, Ana Cristina Paredes, Patrício Costa, Manuela Carvalho, Manuela Lopes, Susana Fernandes, Susana Pedras, Armando Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Haemophilia is a bleeding disorder associated with significant pain, emotional distress, quality of life (QoL) impairment and considerable healthcare costs. Psychosocial health and effective pain management are considered essential end points for optimal haemophilia care, but there is a significant gap in evidence-based treatments targeting these outcomes in people with haemophilia (PWH). Psychological interventions are cost-effective in promoting emotional well-being, QoL and pain control, although these have been scarcely used in haemophilia field...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867935/the-history-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-as-a-diagnostic-category
#19
Marc-Antoine Crocq
From the 19th century into the 20th century, the terms used to diagnose generalized anxiety included "pantophobia" and "anxiety neurosis." Such terms designated paroxysmal manifestations (panic attacks) as well as interparoxysmal phenomenology (the apprehensive mental state). Also, generalized anxiety was considered one of numerous symptoms of neurasthenia, a vaguely defined illness. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) appeared as a diagnostic category in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) in 1980, when anxiety neurosis was split into GAD and panic disorder...
June 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860776/feasibility-of-cognitive-remediation-therapy-for-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-single-group-pilot-study
#20
Tomoko Okuda, Kenichi Asano, Noriko Numata, Yoshiyuki Hirano, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Mari Tanaka, Daisuke Matsuzawa, Eiji Shimizu, Masaomi Iyo, Michiko Nakazato
BACKGROUND: Set-shifting (SS) difficulties and weak central coherence (CC) are commonly associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Cognitive remediation therapy (CRT) aims to improve such cognitive processing; however, there are no reports on CRT for patients with ASD. This pilot study aimed to provide preliminary evidence to support the use of CRT for individuals with ASD and provide data to inform future studies. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Nineteen individuals with ASD were recruited and administered a series of neuropsychological and questionnaire measures to examine cognitive function and clinical outcomes such as anxiety and depression...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
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