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Depression, anxiety, cognitive therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351711/-beck-anxiety-inventory-german-version-a-reliable-valid-patientfriendly-instrument-for-measuring-clinical-anxiety
#1
Edgar Geissner, Anne Huetteroth
The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) is available in German. Apart from data in its manual, there are no further reports on the psychometric properties of this questionnaire and on its suitability for clinical use in Germany. This study therefore offers an independent investigation into the psychometrics as well as the clinical characteristics of the BAI. Three samples with n=145, n=90, and n=174 comprised inpatients diagnosed with anxiety disorders and treated in a large psychosomatic hospital. In addition to the BAI, the clinician rating Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HamA), the State-Trait-Anxiety Inventory (STAI) as well as the two anxiety subscales of the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL 90) were used to establish convergent validity...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345803/effects-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-shame-self-compassion-and-psychological-distress-in-anxious-and-depressed-patients-a-pilot-study
#2
Michael Proeve, Rebekah Anton, Maura Kenny
OBJECTIVES: The tendency to experience shame or guilt is associated differentially with anxiety and depression, with shame being associated with greater psychopathology. Correlational studies have shown self-compassion to be related to lower shame and rumination, and mindfulness-based interventions increase self-compassion. Therefore, mindfulness-based interventions may decrease shame. This pilot study aimed to assess the association of shame, rumination, self-compassion, and psychological distress and the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on these measures in a clinical sample...
January 18, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345528/linguistic-analysis-of-patients-with-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-during-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#3
Anke R Sonnenschein, Stefan G Hofmann, Tobias Ziegelmayer, Wolfgang Lutz
We analyzed the verbal behavior of patients with mood or/and anxiety disorders during psychotherapy. Investigating the words people used, we expected differences due to cognitive and emotional foci in patients with depression vs. anxiety. Transcripts of therapy sessions from 85 outpatients treated with cognitive behavioral therapy were analyzed using the software program Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count. Multivariate group comparisons were carried out investigating the LIWC-categories first-person-singular pronouns, sad, anxiety and fillers...
January 18, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345479/culturally-adapted-transdiagnostic-cbt-for-ssri-resistant-turkish-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#4
Z Ceren Acarturk, Sami Abuhamdeh, Baland Jalal, Nurdan Unaldı, Behiye Alyanak, Mustafa Cetinkaya, Birgul Gulen, Devon Hinton
The most common mental health problems among adolescents are anxiety and mood disorders. While disorder-specific cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is effective for each of these conditions, the comorbidity between anxiety and mood disorders indicates a need for the development of evidence-based transdiagnostic treatments. To examine the efficacy of culturally adapted transdiagnostic CBT (CA-CBT) in reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression in treatment-resistant Turkish adolescents, 13 adolescent participants with anxiety or mood disorders who were treatment resistant received 10 sessions of CA-CBT in group format...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343935/effectiveness-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-in-patients-with-bipolar-affective-disorder-a-case-series
#5
Suvarna Shirish Joshi, Mahendra Prakash Sharma, Shivarama Varambally
The present investigation was undertaken to examine the effects of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on interepisodic symptoms, emotional regulation, and quality of life in patients with bipolar affective disorder (BPAD) in remission. The sample for the study comprised a total of five patients with the diagnosis of BPAD in partial or complete remission. Each patient was screened to fit the inclusion and exclusion criteria and later assessed on the Beck Depressive Inventory I, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II, and The World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment-BREF...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341070/personality-changes-during-the-transition-from-cognitive-health-to-mild-cognitive-impairment
#6
Richard J Caselli, Blake T Langlais, Amylou C Dueck, Bruce R Henslin, Travis A Johnson, Bryan K Woodruff, Charlene Hoffman-Snyder, Dona E C Locke
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Behavioral problems in individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) impose major management challenges. Current prevention strategies are anchored to cognitive outcomes, but behavioral outcomes may provide another, clinically relevant opportunity for preemptive therapy. We sought to determine whether personality changes that predispose to behavioral disorders arise during the transition from preclinical AD to mild cognitive impairment (MCI). DESIGN: Longitudinal observational cohort study...
January 17, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338767/effect-of-exercise-versus-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-or-no-intervention-on-anxiety-depression-fitness-and-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-previous-methamphetamine-dependency-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Linzette Morris, Jessica Stander, Wardah Ebrahim, Stephanie Eksteen, Orissa Anna Meaden, Ané Ras, Annemarie Wessels
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (MA) is a highly addictive psychostimulant used by approximately 52 million people worldwide. Chronic MA abuse leads to detrimental physiological and neurological changes, as well as increases in anxiety and depression, and decreases in overall fitness and quality of life. Exercise has been reported to possibly reverse physiological and neurological damage caused by previous MA use, and to reduce anxiety and depression in this population. The aim of this systematic review was to identify, clinically appraise and synthesise the available evidence for the effectiveness of exercise, compared to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), standard care or no intervention, on decreasing anxiety and depression and improving fitness and quality of life in previous MA users...
January 16, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331082/mechanistic-target-of-rapamycin-complex-1-and-2-in-human-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#8
Delia M Talos, Leah M Jacobs, Sarah Gourmaud, Carlos A Coto, Hongyu Sun, Kuei-Cheng Lim, Timothy H Lucas, Kathryn A Davis, Maria Martinez-Lage, Frances E Jensen
OBJECTIVE: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is a chronic epilepsy syndrome defined by seizures and progressive neurological disabilities, including cognitive impairments, anxiety and depression. Here, human TLE specimens were investigated focusing on the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) Complex 1 (mTORC1) and Complex 2 (mTORC2) activities in the brain, as both pathways may represent unique targets for treatment. METHODS: Surgically resected hippocampal and temporal lobe samples from therapy-resistant TLE patients were analyzed by Western blotting to quantify the expression of established mTORC1 and mTORC2 activity markers and upstream or downstream signaling pathways involving the two complexes...
January 13, 2018: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323626/a-scenario-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-mobile-app-to-reduce-dysfunctional-beliefs-in-individuals-with-depression-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Ji-Won Hur, Boram Kim, Dasom Park, Sung-Won Choi
INTRODUCTION: While self-administered mobile app-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has shown efficiency and effectiveness over the past decade, attempts to address automatic and negative beliefs have been lacking. The purpose of this study was to introduce and verify a mobile app that directly intervenes in dysfunctional thoughts. This app-based treatment includes recognizing automatic and negative thoughts of the protagonist of scenarios, writing advice directly to the main character, and sharing advice provided by other participants...
January 11, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318342/group-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-weight-regain-after-diet-in-type-2-diabetes-results-from-the-randomised-controlled-power-trial
#10
Kirsten A Berk, Hanneke I M Buijks, Adrie J M Verhoeven, Monique T Mulder, Behiye Özcan, Adriaan van 't Spijker, Reinier Timman, Jan J Busschbach, Eric J Sijbrands
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Weight-loss programmes for adults with type 2 diabetes are less effective in the long term owing to regain of weight. Our aim was to determine the 2 year effectiveness of a cognitive behavioural group therapy (group-CBT) programme in weight maintenance after diet-induced weight loss in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes, using a randomised, parallel, non-blinded, pragmatic study design. METHODS: We included 158 obese adults (median BMI 36...
January 9, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310718/metacognitive-therapy-vs-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-superiority-trial
#11
Hans M Nordahl, Joar Øveraas Halvorsen, Odin Hjemdal, Mimoza Rrusta Ternava, Adrian Wells
BACKGROUND: The psychological treatment of choice for patients with severe posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is cognitive behavioural exposure therapy or Eye Movement Desensitisation Reprocessing (EMDR). Whilst these are the most effective treatments, approximately 30-45% of the patients show no significant improvements and follow-up data are sparse. Furthermore, a proportion of patients with severe trauma does not benefit or avoid exposure therapy due to the potential to overwhelm them...
January 8, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310710/photobiomodulation-using-low-level-laser-therapy-lllt-for-patients-with-chronic-traumatic-brain-injury-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#12
Guilherme da Cruz Ribeiro Poiani, Ana Luiza Zaninotto, Ana Maria Costa Carneiro, Renato Amaro Zangaro, Afonso Shiguemi Inoue Salgado, Rodolfo Borges Parreira, Almir Ferreira de Andrade, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira, Wellingson Silva Paiva
BACKGROUND: Photobiomodulation using low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been tested as a new technique to optimize recovery of patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this study is to evaluate inhibitory attentional control after 18 sessions of active LLLT and compare with the placebo group (sham LLLT). Our exploratory analysis will evaluate the efficacy of the active LLLT on verbal and visuospatial episodic memory, executive functions (working memory, verbal and visuospatial fluency, attentional processes), and anxiety and depressive symptoms compared to the sham group...
January 8, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303947/outcomes-of-acute-partial-hospital-treatment-comparison-of-two-programs-and-a-waiting-list-control
#13
Paul B Lieberman, Rendueles Villalba, Samantha G Farris
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of acute, very brief partial hospital treatment, and the comparative benefits of different types of partial hospitalization programs (PHPs), this exploratory study examined changes in psychiatric symptoms and elements of cognitive functioning during an acute PHP compared with a waiting list control, and also compared such changes in 2 PHPs that treated similar patient groups but used different treatment approaches. METHODS: Patients were admitted to 2 PHPs, one utilizing cognitive-behavioral therapy and the other interpersonal and existential psychotherapy...
November 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303401/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-college-students-with-adhd-temporal-stability-of-improvements-in-functioning-following-active-treatment
#14
Arthur D Anastopoulos, Kristen A King, Laura H Besecker, Sarah R O'Rourke, Allison C Bray, Andrew J Supple
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the extent to which college students with ADHD continued to benefit from a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) program beyond the active phase of treatment. METHOD: In successive cohorts over a 4-year period, a total of 88 college students with well-defined ADHD received CBT in an open clinical trial format that included active treatment and maintenance phases delivered across two consecutive semesters. RESULTS: Immediately following active treatment, participants displayed statistically significant reductions in ADHD symptoms, improvements in executive functioning, and declines in anxiety and depression symptoms...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300702/the-cost-effectiveness-of-the-online-mindspot-clinic-for-the-treatment-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-australia
#15
Yu-Chen Lee, Lan Gao, Blake F Dear, Nickolai Titov, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
BACKGROUND: The MindSpot Clinic (MindSpot) offers internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (iCBT) courses for people with anxiety and depressive disorders in Australia. The efficacy credentials of the courses offered at MindSpot are now well established but not the credentials of cost-effectiveness. The current study is aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the Wellbeing Course offered in MindSpot in comparison with the routine/usual care (defined as care in the absence of MindSpot) for people with symptoms of depression or/and anxiety from the perspective of Australian Department of Health...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297082/enhancing-recovery-from-sepsis-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Hallie C Prescott, Derek C Angus
Importance: Survival from sepsis has improved in recent years, resulting in an increasing number of patients who have survived sepsis treatment. Current sepsis guidelines do not provide guidance on posthospital care or recovery. Observations: Each year, more than 19 million individuals develop sepsis, defined as a life-threatening acute organ dysfunction secondary to infection. Approximately 14 million survive to hospital discharge and their prognosis varies. Half of patients recover, one-third die during the following year, and one-sixth have severe persistent impairments...
January 2, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295597/emotional-regulation-in-young-adults-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#17
Ju-Yu Yen, Yi-Chun Yeh, Peng-Wei Wang, Tai-Ling Liu, Yun-Yu Chen, Chih-Hung Ko
People diagnosed with Internet gaming disorder (IGD) have been frequently reported to experience depression, anxiety, and hostility. Emotional regulation contributes to these mood symptoms. This study evaluated emotional regulation in subjects with IGD and examined relationships between emotional regulation, depression, anxiety, and hostility in young adults with IGD. We recruited 87 people with IGD and a control group of 87 people without a history of IGD. All participants underwent a diagnostic interview based on the IGD criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, and they completed a questionnaire on emotional regulation, depression, anxiety, and hostility...
December 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282731/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-proof-of-concept-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
A J Dittner, J Hodsoll, K A Rimes, A J Russell, T Chalder
OBJECTIVE: To investigate efficacy, patient acceptability and feasibility of formulation-based cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) for adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). NICE guidelines for adult ADHD recommend further research into psychological treatments. METHOD: Sixty participants with adult ADHD were randomly allocated to treatment as usual (TAU) vs. TAU plus up to 16 sessions of individual formulation-based CBT for ADHD. RESULTS: Adding formulation-based CBT to TAU for ADHD significantly improved ADHD symptoms on the Barkley Current Symptoms Scale and scores on the Work and Social Adjustment Scale...
December 27, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282267/stepped-care-approach-for-medial-tibiofemoral-osteoarthritis-streamline-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Sarah Rubia Robbins, Luciano Ricardo S Melo, Hema Urban, Leticia A Deveza, Rebecca Asher, Victoria L Johnson, David J Hunter
INTRODUCTION: Current guidelines recommend tailored interventions to optimise knee osteoarthritis (OA) management. However, models of care still have a 'one size fits all' approach, which is suboptimal as it ignores patient heterogeneity. This study aims to compare a stepped care strategy with standard care for overweight and obese persons with medial tibiofemoral OA. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Participants will be randomised into two groups (85 each). The intervention will receive a diet and exercise programme for 18 weeks in the first step of the study...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281868/positive-effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-depression-anxiety-and-stress-of-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-prostate-cancer-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Milad Borji, Hassan Nourmohammadi, Masoumeh Otaghi, Amir Hosein Salimi, Asma Tarjoman
Background: The family caregivers of patients with cancer mightexperience various physical, mental, and spiritual difficulties, the neglect of which can causeseriousproblems for theentirefamily. If caregivers are left without appropriate treatment and intervention, their level of physical and mental health will substantially decrease-they will, in other words, become“hidden patients.” Materials and Methods: The current study is a clinical trial of 80 family caregivers of patients with prostate cancer, who were allocated to control and experimental groups...
December 28, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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