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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213988/-contribution-of-mindfulness-meditation-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#1
H Vanhuffel, M Rey, I Lambert, D Da Fonseca, F Bat-Pitault
INTRODUCTION: Insomnia is considered to be a serious public health issue affecting approximately 10% of adults. Chronic insomnia may increase the risk of health problem, psychological vulnerability and proneness to accidents. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is recommended as the first line of treatment. Even though CBT-I is widely considered as an effective therapy, 20 to 30% of patients do not respond to this treatment. Mindfulness therapy, known to reduce rumination and stress, could be an interesting complement to enhance CBT-I...
February 14, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213818/acceptability-of-an-internet-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-program-for-people-with-early-stage-cancer-and-cancer-survivors-with-depression-and-or-anxiety-thematic-findings-from-focus-groups
#2
A Karageorge, M J Murphy, J M Newby, L Kirsten, G Andrews, K Allison, S Loughnan, M Price, J Shaw, H Shepherd, J Smith, P Butow
PURPOSE: We developed an eight-lesson internet-delivered CBT (iCBT) program targeting anxiety and depression in early-stage cancer and cancer survivors. To explore the acceptability of the program, we showed volunteers the first two lessons and asked for their views. METHODS: Focus groups (n = 3) and individual interviews (n = 5) were undertaken with 15 participants (11 survivors) with mainly breast (11 of the 15) cancer, who had reviewed intervention materials...
February 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213341/the-benefit-of-web-and-computer-based-interventions-for-stress-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Elena Heber, David Daniel Ebert, Dirk Lehr, Pim Cuijpers, Matthias Berking, Stephanie Nobis, Heleen Riper
BACKGROUND: Stress has been identified as one of the major public health issues in this century. New technologies offer opportunities to provide effective psychological interventions on a large scale. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of Web- and computer-based stress-management interventions in adults relative to a control group. METHODS: A meta-analysis was performed, including 26 comparisons (n=4226). Cohen d was calculated for the primary outcome level of stress to determine the difference between the intervention and control groups at posttest...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195501/psychological-mediators-related-to-clinical-outcome-in-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-coronary-heart-disease-a-sub-analysis-from-the-suprim-trial
#4
Fredrika Norlund, Erik Mg Olsson, Ronnie Pingel, Claes Held, Kurt Svärdsudd, Mats Gulliksson, Gunilla Burell
Background The Secondary Prevention in Uppsala Primary Healthcare Project (SUPRIM) was a randomized controlled trial of a group-based cognitive behavioural therapy stress management programme for patients with coronary heart disease. The project was successful in reducing the risk of fatal or non-fatal first recurrent cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of cognitive behavioural therapy on self-rated stress, somatic anxiety, vital exhaustion and depression and to study the associations of these factors with the reduction in cardiovascular events...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194835/mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-as-an-augmentation-treatment-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#5
Brenda L Key, Karen Rowa, Peter Bieling, Randi McCabe, Elizabeth J Pawluk
: A significant number of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients continue to experience symptoms that interfere with their functioning following cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). Providing an additional augmentation treatment following CBT could help reduce these residual symptoms. Mindfulness interventions that facilitate less reactivity to thoughts and feelings may be helpful for patients suffering from residual OCD symptoms. The purpose of the current randomized waitlist control trial was to evaluate the feasibility and impact of providing an 8-week mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) intervention following completion of a CBT intervention to OCD patients who continued to suffer from significant symptoms...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178870/group-treatment-for-adults-with-adhd-based-on-a-novel-combination-of-cognitive-and-dialectical-behavior-interventions
#6
Berkeh Nasri, Malin Castenfors, Peggy Fredlund, Ylva Ginsberg, Nils Lindefors, Viktor Kaldo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate feasibility and preliminary effects of a new group treatment manual for adults with ADHD and to explore adherence to treatment and its relation to outcome. METHOD: Eighteen adults with ADHD recruited from neuropsychiatric units in Stockholm underwent a 14-week program including combined cognitive and dialectical behavior therapy. Assessments were made at baseline, posttreatment, and follow-up, at one and six months after treatment end. Primary outcome measure was the Adult ADHD Self Report Scale version 1...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164298/psychological-and-counselling-interventions-for-female-genital-mutilation
#7
Helen Smith, Karin Stein
Women and girls living with female genital mutilation (FGM) are more likely to experience psychological problems than women without FGM. As well as psychological support, this population may need additional care when seeking surgical interventions to correct complications of FGM. Recent WHO guidelines recommend cognitive behavioral therapy for women and girls experiencing anxiety disorders, depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder. The guidelines also suggest that preoperative counselling for deinfibulation, and psychological support alongside surgical interventions, can help women manage the physiological and psychological changes following surgery...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164288/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-depression-or-anxiety-disorders-in-women-and-girls-living-with-female-genital-mutilation-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Adegoke Adelufosi, Bassey Edet, Dachi Arikpo, Ememobong Aquaisua, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is associated with psychological consequences such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD), depression, and anxiety disorders. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), an empirically supported form of psychotherapy, may be an effective treatment for these psychological sequelae of FGM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of CBT among individuals living with any type of FGM and diagnosed to have PTSD, depression, or anxiety disorders...
February 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152467/prevention-of-recurrent-affective-episodes-using-extinction-training-in-the-reconsolidation-window-a-testable-psychotherapeutic-strategy
#9
REVIEW
Robert M Post, Robert Kegan
Stressors may initially precipitate affective episodes, but with sufficient numbers of recurrences, episodes can occur more autonomously. It is postulated the memory engram for these recurrent depressions moves from the conscious representational memory system to the unconscious habit memory system encoded in the striatum. If this were the case, cognitive behavior therapy targeted toward extinction of habit memories could be an effective maneuver for helping reverse the automaticity of affective episode recurrence...
January 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150856/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-a-community-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-programme-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
Edwin K Luk, Alexandra Gorelik, Louis Irving, Fary Khan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the use of cognitive behavioural therapy in pulmonary rehabilitation addresses the depression and anxiety burden and thereby improves rehabilitation outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective controlled clinical trial. PATIENTS: A total of 70 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who were referred to a community centre for pulmonary rehabilitation. METHODS: Patients were allocated to either the control group, consisting of pulmonary rehabilitation alone, or to the treatment group, receiving pulmonary rehabilitation and an additional 6 sessions of group-based cognitive behavioural therapy...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138867/active-music-therapy-approach-for-stroke-patients-in-the-post-acute-rehabilitation
#11
Alfredo Raglio, Alberto Zaliani, Paola Baiardi, Daniela Bossi, Cinzia Sguazzin, Edda Capodaglio, Chiara Imbriani, Giulia Gontero, Marcello Imbriani
Guidelines in stroke rehabilitation recommend the use of a multidisciplinary approach. Different approaches and techniques with music are used in the stroke rehabilitation to improve motor and cognitive functions but also psychological outcomes. In this randomized controlled pilot trial, relational active music therapy approaches were tested in the post-acute phase of disease. Thirty-eight hospitalized patients with ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke were recruited and allocated in two groups. The experimental group underwent the standard of care (physiotherapy and occupational therapy daily sessions) and relational active music therapy treatments...
January 30, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137336/a-pilot-investigation-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-clinical-perfectionism-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#12
Shalane K Sadri, Rebecca A Anderson, Peter M McEvoy, Robert T Kane, Sarah J Egan
BACKGROUND: Perfectionism is strongly associated with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Cognitive behavioural therapy for perfectionism (CBT-P) has been found to result in reductions in a range of symptoms in individuals with anxiety disorders, depression and eating disorders. AIM: To pilot-test the efficacy of group CBT for perfectionism in participants with OCD and elevated perfectionism. METHOD: Participants were randomized to receive immediate 8-week group CBT-P (n = 4) or an 8-week waitlist followed by CBT-P (n = 7)...
January 31, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132011/guided-internet-administered-self-help-to-reduce-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-diagnosed-with-cancer-during-adolescence-u-care-youngcan-a-study-protocol-for-a-feasibility-trial
#13
Malin Ander, Anna Wikman, Brjánn Ljótsson, Helena Grönqvist, Gustaf Ljungman, Joanne Woodford, Annika Lindahl Norberg, Louise von Essen
INTRODUCTION: A subgroup of adolescents and young adults diagnosed with cancer during adolescence reports elevated levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms and unmet needs for psychological support. Evidence-based psychological treatments tailored for this population are lacking. This protocol describes a feasibility study of a guided-internet-administered self-help programme (YoungCan) primarily targeting symptoms of anxiety and depression among young persons diagnosed with cancer during adolescence and of the planned study procedures for a future controlled trial...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132000/computerised-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-depression-in-adolescents-feasibility-results-and-4-month-outcomes-of-a-uk-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Barry Wright, Lucy Tindall, Elizabeth Littlewood, Victoria Allgar, Paul Abeles, Dominic Trépel, Shehzad Ali
OBJECTIVES: Computer-administered cognitive-behavioural therapy (CCBT) may be a promising treatment for adolescents with depression, particularly due to its increased availability and accessibility. The feasibility of delivering a randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing a CCBT program (Stressbusters) with an attention control (self-help websites) for adolescent depression was evaluated. DESIGN: Single centre RCT feasibility study. SETTING: The trial was run within community and clinical settings in York, UK...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126054/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-recovery-of-a-delusional-dysmorphophobia-case
#15
Carlos Cuevas-Yust, Patricia Delgado-Ríos, Silvia Escudero-Pérez
BACKGROUND: We present the application of cognitive-behavioural therapy in a clinical case diagnosed with delusional dysmorphophobia. METHOD: The psychometric scales used for evaluation were the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia, Beck Anxiety and Depression inventories, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale along with the degree of conviction in the delusional belief and in alternative explanations, and social functioning measured by patient reporting...
February 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124224/a-follow-up-study-from-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-trial-for-traumatized-children-receiving-tf-cbt
#16
Tine K Jensen, Tonje Holt, Silje M Ormhaug
Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) is the treatment of choice for traumatized youth, however, follow-up studies are scarce, and treatment effects for co-occurring depression show mixed findings. The aims of this study were to examine whether treatment effects of TF-CBT are maintained at 18 month follow-up and whether degree of co-occurring depression influences treatment effects. As rapid improvement in psychological functioning is warranted for youth, we also investigated whether the symptom trajectory was different for TF-CBT compared to therapy as usual (TAU)...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116752/psychological-interventions-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#17
REVIEW
Jacqueline Sin, Debbie Spain, Marie Furuta, Trevor Murrells, Ian Norman
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence indicates that individuals who develop severe mental illness (SMI) are also vulnerable to developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), due to increased risk of exposure to traumatic events and social adversity. The effectiveness of trauma-focused psychological interventions (TFPIs) for PTSD in the general population is well-established. TFPIs involve identifying and changing unhelpful beliefs about traumatic experiences, processing of traumatic memories, and developing new ways of responding to cues associated with trauma...
January 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114915/transdiagnostic-group-cbt-vs-standard-group-cbt-for-depression-social-anxiety-disorder-and-agoraphobia-panic-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-multicenter-non-inferiority-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Sidse M Arnfred, Ruth Aharoni, Morten Hvenegaard, Stig Poulsen, Bo Bach, Mikkel Arendt, Nicole K Rosenberg, Nina Reinholt
BACKGROUND: Transdiagnostic Cognitive Behavior Therapy (TCBT) manuals delivered in individual format have been reported to be just as effective as traditional diagnosis specific CBT manuals. We have translated and modified the "The Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders" (UP-CBT) for group delivery in Mental Health Service (MHS), and shown effects comparable to traditional CBT in a naturalistic study. As the use of one manual instead of several diagnosis-specific manuals could simplify logistics, reduce waiting time, and increase therapist expertise compared to diagnosis specific CBT, we aim to test the relative efficacy of group UP-CBT and diagnosis specific group CBT...
January 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106666/a-tailored-guided-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-as-an-adjunct-to-standard-rheumatological-care-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
M Ferwerda, S van Beugen, H van Middendorp, S Spillekom-van Koulil, A R T Donders, H Visser, E Taal, M C W Creemers, P C L M van Riel, A W M Evers
For patients with chronic pain conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who experience elevated levels of distress, tailored guided internet-based cognitive behavioral treatment may be effective in improving psychological and physical functioning, and reducing impact the impact of RA on daily life. A multicenter randomized controlled trial was conducted for RA patients with elevated levels of distress asassessed by a disease-specific measure. The control group (n=71) received standard care and the intervention group (n= 62) additionally received an internet-based tailored cognitive-behavioral intervention...
January 12, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099913/zibupiyin-recipe-improves-cognitive-decline-by-regulating-gut-microbiota-in-zucker-diabetic-fatty-rats
#20
Chunyan Gu, Wen Zhou, Wang Wang, Hong Xiang, Huiying Xu, Lina Liang, Hua Sui, Libin Zhan, Xiaoguang Lu
Numerous researches supported that microbiota can influence behavior and modulate cognitive function through "microbiota-gut-brain" axis. Our previous study has demonstrated that ZiBuPiYin recipe (ZBPYR) possesses excellent pharmacological effects against diabetes-associated cognitive decline. To elucidate the role of ZBPYR in regulating the balance of gut microbiota to improve psychological-stress-induced diabetes-associated cognitive decline (PSDACD), we compared blood glucose, behavioral and cognitive functions and diversity of the bacterial community among experimental groups...
January 12, 2017: Oncotarget
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