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Depression, anxiety, cognitive therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747293/improving-employee-well-being-and-effectiveness-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-web-based-psychological-interventions-delivered-in-the-workplace
#1
Stephany Carolan, Peter R Harris, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: Stress, depression, and anxiety among working populations can result in reduced work performance and increased absenteeism. Although there is evidence that these common mental health problems are preventable and treatable in the workplace, uptake of psychological treatments among the working population is low. One way to address this may be the delivery of occupational digital mental health interventions. While there is convincing evidence for delivering digital psychological interventions within a health and community context, there is no systematic review or meta-analysis of these interventions in an occupational setting...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746324/assessment-of-automatic-thoughts-in-patients-with-depressive-illness-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-nepal
#2
M Rana, S Sthapit, V D Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive functions have significant influence on psycho-social and general wellbeing. The quality, content and processing of negative thoughts initiate depressive symptoms; i.e. low mood, decreased self-worth and diminished interest in pleasurable activities. The study assessed the automatic thoughts of patients having depressive illness and evaluated and compared the changes after therapy; i.e. Psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy. METHODS: Diagnosed cases of depressive illness (n=135), according to ICD-10 and study criteria, attending the out-patient clinic of Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, were included...
April 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745520/effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia-on-sleep-related-cognitions-among-patients-with-stable-heart-failure
#3
Nancy S Redeker, Sangchoon Jeon, Laura Andrews, John Cline, Vahid Mohsenin, Daniel Jacoby
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) improves insomnia and fatigue among chronic heart failure (HF) patients, but the extent to which sleep-related cognitions explain CBT-I outcomes in these patients is unknown. We examined the effects of CBT-I on sleep-related cognitions, associations between changes in sleep-related cognitions and changes in sleep and symptoms after CBT-I, and the extent to which cognitions mediated the effects of CBT-I. PARTICIPANTS: Stable New York Heart Association Class II-III HF patients (total n = 51; n = 26/51...
July 26, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724338/increased-skills-usage-statistically-mediates-symptom-reduction-in-self-guided-internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-depression-and-anxiety-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Matthew D Terides, Blake F Dear, Vincent J Fogliati, Milena Gandy, Eyal Karin, Michael P Jones, Nickolai Titov
Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for clinical and subclinical symptoms of depression and general anxiety, and increases life satisfaction. Patients' usage of CBT skills is a core aspect of treatment but there is insufficient empirical evidence suggesting that skills usage behaviours are a mechanism of clinical change. This study investigated if an internet-delivered CBT (iCBT) intervention increased the frequency of CBT skills usage behaviours and if this statistically mediated reductions in symptoms and increased life satisfaction...
July 20, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724306/new-psychological-therapies-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-mindfulness-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-act
#5
Beatriz Sebastián Sánchez, Jesús Gil Roales-Nieto, Nuno Bravo Ferreira, Bárbara Gil Luciano, Juan José Sebastián Domingo
The current goal of treatment in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) focuses primarily on symptom management and attempts to improve quality of life. Several treatments are at the disposal of physicians; lifestyle and dietary management, pharmacological treatments and psychological interventions are the most used and recommended. Psychological treatments have been proposed as viable alternatives or compliments to existing care models. Most forms of psychological therapies studied have been shown to be helpful in reducing symptoms and in improving the psychological component of anxiety/depression and health-related quality of life...
July 14, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723605/tinnitus-patients-suffering-from-anxiety-and-depression-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Kasra Ziai, Omid Moshtaghi, Hossein Mahboubi, Hamid R Djalilian
OBJECTIVES: To review literature on the link between depression and anxiety in patients suffering from tinnitus. METHOD: A systematic review of published English-language literature was performed using PubMed, Ovid, and Cochrane databases. RESULTS: Of the 56 eligible abstracts 15 were chosen to be included in the review. All articles showed an association of depression and anxiety in tinnitus patients. CONCLUSIONS: Because of the strong association between tinnitus, depression, and anxiety- all tinnitus patients should be screened for psychiatric disorders...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719830/relationship-between-psychological-inflexibility-and-experiential-avoidance-and-internet-addiction-mediating-effects-of-mental-health-problems
#7
Wei-Po Chou, Kun-Hua Lee, Chih-Hung Ko, Tai-Ling Liu, Ray C Hsiao, Hsiu-Fen Lin, Cheng-Fang Yen
Internet addiction became a major mental health problem in college student. Our objective was to examine the relationship between psychological inflexibility and experiential avoidance (PIEA) and Internet addiction (IA) and the mediating effects of mental health problem indicators. 500 college students (238 men and 262 women) participated in this study. The level of PIEA was examined using the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II. The severity of IA was assessed using the Chen Internet Addiction Scale. The levels of depression, anxiety, interpersonal sensitivity, and hostility were evaluated using the Symptom Checklist-90 item-Revised Scale...
July 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716162/changing-our-thinking-about-changing-their-thinking-in-older-adulthood
#8
Viviana M Wuthrich
It is well-established that as people age, deterioration in cognitive abilities including processing speed, memory, and cognitive flexibility occurs, although vast individual differences occur in the rate and consequences of this decline (Christensen, 2001). Anxiety and depression in late life are also associated with specific cognitive deficits in memory and executive functioning that may impact on new learning (Yochim et al., 2013). Therefore, it is possible that cognitive changes make it more difficult for older adults to learn how to change their thinking particularly in the context of psychological therapy...
July 18, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712090/does-prior-traumatization-affect-the-treatment-outcome-of-cbt-for-panic-disorder-the-potential-role-of-the-maoa-gene-and-depression-symptoms
#9
Sebastian Trautmann, Jan Richter, Markus Muehlhan, Michael Höfler, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Katharina Domschke, Andreas Ströhle, Alfons O Hamm, Heike Weber, Tilo Kircher, Volker Arolt, Alexander L Gerlach, Georg W Alpers, Thomas Fydrich, Thomas Lang, Andreas Reif
Although cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is highly effective in the treatment of anxiety disorders, many patients still do not benefit. This study investigates whether a history of traumatic event experience is negatively associated with outcomes of CBT for panic disorder. The moderating role of the monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) gene and depression symptoms as well as the association between trauma history and fear reactivity as a potential mechanism are further analyzed. We conducted a post-hoc analysis of 172 male and 60 female patients with panic disorder treated with CBT in a multi-center study...
July 15, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711192/predictors-of-anxiety-in-early-stage-parkinson-s-disease-results-from-the-first-two-years-of-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Sonja Rutten, Peter M van der Ven, Daniel Weintraub, Gregory M Pontone, Albert F G Leentjens, Henk W Berendse, Ysbrand D van der Werf, Odile A van den Heuvel
AIM: Anxiety has a negative impact on daily functioning and quality of life in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). This study aims at assessing which sociodemographic and clinical characteristics predict the course of anxiety in early PD. METHODS: The participants of this two-year prospective cohort study were recently diagnosed PD patients not receiving psychiatric medications or dopamine replacement therapy at baseline. Assessments were performed annually after baseline...
July 5, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701980/depression-and-anxiety-prevention-based-on-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-at-risk-adolescents-a-meta-analytic-review
#11
Sanne P A Rasing, Daan H M Creemers, Jan M A M Janssens, Ron H J Scholte
Depression and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental disorders during adolescence. During this life phase, the incidence of these clinical disorders rises dramatically, and even more adolescents suffer from symptoms of depression or anxiety that are just below the clinical threshold. Both clinical and subclinical levels of depression or anxiety symptoms are related to decreased functioning in various areas, such as social and academic functioning. Prevention of depression and anxiety in adolescents is therefore imperative...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701336/internet-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-young-people-with-suicide-related-behaviour-reframe-it-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Sarah E Hetrick, Hok P Yuen, Eleanor Bailey, Georgina R Cox, Kate Templer, Simon M Rice, Sarah Bendall, Jo Robinson
BACKGROUND: Suicide-related behaviours are common in young people and associated with a range of negative outcomes. There are few evidence-based interventions; however, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) shows promise. Internet delivery of CBT is popular, with potential to increase reach and accessibility. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of an internet-based CBT program (Reframe-IT) in reducing suicide-related behaviours, depression, anxiety, hopelessness and improving problem solving and cognitive and behavioural skills in school students with suicide-related behaviours...
July 12, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701205/art-therapy-and-music-reminiscence-activity-in-the-prevention-of-cognitive-decline-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Rathi Mahendran, Iris Rawtaer, Johnson Fam, Jonathan Wong, Alan Prem Kumar, Mihir Gandhi, Kenny Xu Jing, Lei Feng, Ee Heok Kua
BACKGROUND: Attention has shifted to the use of non-pharmacological interventions to prevent cognitive decline as a preventive strategy, as well as for those at risk and those with mild cognitive impairment. Early introduction of psycho-social interventions can address cognitive decline and significantly impact quality of life and the wellbeing of elderly individuals. This pilot study explores the feasibility of using art therapy and music reminiscence activity to improve the cognition of community living elderly with mild cognitive impairment...
July 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699054/the-development-of-an-internet-based-treatment-for-problem-gamblers-and-concerned-significant-others-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Anders Nilsson, Kristoffer Magnusson, Per Carlbring, Gerhard Andersson, Clara Hellner Gumpert
Problem gambling creates significant harm for the gambler and for concerned significant others (CSOs). While several studies have investigated the effects of individual cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for problem gambling, less is known about the effects of involving CSOs in treatment. Behavioral couples therapy (BCT) has shown promising results when working with substance use disorders by involving both the user and a CSO. This pilot study investigated BCT for problem gambling, as well as the feasibility of performing a larger scale randomized controlled trial...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686520/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-women-with-breast-cancer-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Heidemarie Haller, María M Winkler, Petra Klose, Gustav Dobos, Sherko Kümmel, Holger Cramer
BACKGROUND: The aim of this meta-analysis was to systematically update the evidence for mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) in women with breast cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In October 2016, PubMed, Scopus, and Central were searched for randomized controlled trials on MBSR/MBCT in breast cancer patients. The primary outcome was health-related quality of life. Secondary outcomes were fatigue, sleep stress, depression, anxiety, and safety...
July 7, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681715/motor-cortex-trns-improves-pain-affective-and-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-preliminary-results-of-a-randomised-sham-controlled-trial
#16
Massimiliano Curatolo, Giuseppe La Bianca, Giuseppe Cosentino, Roberta Baschi, Giuseppe Salemi, Rossella Talotta, Marcello Romano, Giovanni Triolo, Marina De Tommaso, Brigida Fierro, Filippo Brighina
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a clinical syndrome characterised by widespread musculoskeletal pain, chronic fatigue, cognitive deficits, and sleep and mood disorders. The effectiveness of most pharmacological treatments is limited, and there is a need for new, effective and well-tolerated therapies. It has recently been shown that transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS) of the motor cortex reduces pain, and that tDCS of the dorso-lateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) improves anxiety, depression and cognitive impairment in FM patients...
May 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673741/long-term-effects-of-telephone-delivered-psychotherapy-for-late-life-gad
#17
Gretchen A Brenes, Suzanne C Danhauer, Mary F Lyles, Andrea Anderson, Michael E Miller
OBJECTIVE: To examine the long-term effects of telephone-delivered cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT-T) compared with nondirective supportive therapy (NST-T) in rural older adults with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). METHODS: 141 adults aged 60 years and older with a principal/co-principal diagnosis of GAD were randomized to either CBT-T or NST-T. CBT-T consisted of up to 11 sessions (9 were required) focused on recognition of anxiety symptoms, relaxation, cognitive restructuring and use of coping statements, problem-solving, worry control, behavioral activation, exposure therapy, and relapse prevention, with optional chapters on sleep and pain...
May 26, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665375/-the-comprehensive-step-by-step-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-after-acute-disturbances-of-the-cerebral-circulation
#18
N F Miryutova, V A Chistyakova, V A Vorob'eva, A A Zaitsev
AIM: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the therapeutic effectiveness of the comprehensive one- and two-stage rehabilitation including the application of mirror therapy and orthetics on an individual basis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 125 patients (66 men and 59 women) at the medium age of 57 (52; 63) years who had undergone the acute disorders of cerebral circulation (the diagnosis was verified based on the results of CT or MRI of the brain)...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660669/comparison-of-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-therapy-cognitive-behavioral-writing-therapy-and-wait-list-in-pediatric-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-single-incident-trauma-a-multicenter-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Carlijn de Roos, Saskia van der Oord, Bonne Zijlstra, Sacha Lucassen, Sean Perrin, Paul Emmelkamp, Ad de Jongh
BACKGROUND: Practice guidelines for childhood posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) recommend trauma-focused psychotherapies, mainly cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is a brief trauma-focused, evidence-based treatment for PTSD in adults, but with few well-designed trials involving children and adolescents. METHODS: We conducted a single-blind, randomized trial with three arms (n = 103): EMDR (n = 43), Cognitive Behavior Writing Therapy (CBWT; n = 42), and wait-list (WL; n = 18)...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654682/low-intensity-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-interventions-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-compared-to-waiting-list-for-therapist-led-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-3-arm-randomised-controlled-trial-of-clinical-effectiveness
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Karina Lovell, Peter Bower, Judith Gellatly, Sarah Byford, Penny Bee, Dean McMillan, Catherine Arundel, Simon Gilbody, Lina Gega, Gillian Hardy, Shirley Reynolds, Michael Barkham, Patricia Mottram, Nicola Lidbetter, Rebecca Pedley, Jo Molle, Emily Peckham, Jasmin Knopp-Hoffer, Owen Price, Janice Connell, Margaret Heslin, Christopher Foley, Faye Plummer, Christopher Roberts
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is prevalent and without adequate treatment usually follows a chronic course. "High-intensity" cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) from a specialist therapist is current "best practice." However, access is difficult because of limited numbers of therapists and because of the disabling effects of OCD symptoms. There is a potential role for "low-intensity" interventions as part of a stepped care model. Low-intensity interventions (written or web-based materials with limited therapist support) can be provided remotely, which has the potential to increase access...
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
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