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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781651/exposure-and-cbt-for-chronic-back-pain-an-rct-on-differential-efficacy-and-optimal-length-of-treatment
#1
Julia Anna Glombiewski, Sebastian Holzapfel, Jenny Riecke, Johan W S Vlaeyen, Jeroen de Jong, Gunnar Lemmer, Winfried Rief
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to establish whether Exposure, a specialized tailored treatment for chronic low back pain, has any advantages over cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) among individuals with high fear-avoidance levels. Second, we planned to compare short and long versions of Exposure. Third, we aimed to investigate whether Exposure can be delivered in an outpatient psychological setting. METHOD: A total of 88 Caucasian participants (55% women) were randomized to three different psychological treatment conditions, Exposure-long, Exposure-short, and CBT...
June 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776708/predictors-of-treatment-outcome-for-the-unified-protocol-for-transdiagnostic-treatment-of-emotional-disorders-in-children-up-c
#2
Sarah M Kennedy, Niza A Tonarely, Jamie A Sherman, Jill Ehrenreich-May
Various efficacious treatment packages exist for youth anxiety, and cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is now considered to be a well-established treatment for child anxiety disorders (Higa-McMillan, Francis, Rith-Najarian, & Chorpita, 2016). Improving outcomes for the significant proportion of anxious youth who demonstrate inadequate response to CBT is imperative, but our understanding of who does and does not benefit is incomplete. Further, there are no known empirical studies of predictors of treatment response for youth who receive a transdiagnostic intervention for anxiety or depression, and it is therefore unclear whether predictors of response to a transdiagnostic treatment for children are similar to those found in previous studies of anxiety-specific treatments...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769157/the-role-of-performance-quality-in-adolescents-self-evaluation-and-rumination-after-a-speech-is-it-contingent-on-social-anxiety-level
#3
Anke W Blöte, Anne C Miers, Esther Van den Bos, P Michiel Westenberg
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) has relatively poor outcomes for youth with social anxiety, possibly because broad-based CBT is not tailored to their specific needs. Treatment of social anxiety in youth may need to pay more attention to negative social cognitions that are considered a key factor in social anxiety development and maintenance. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to learn more about the role of performance quality in adolescents' cognitions about their social performance and, in particular, the moderating role social anxiety plays in the relationship between performance quality and self-cognitions...
May 17, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763648/autism-spectrum-disorder-classification-diagnosis-and-therapy
#4
REVIEW
Samata R Sharma, Xenia Gonda, Frank I Tarazi
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a group of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, Asperger's syndrome (AS) and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). The new diagnostic criteria of ASD focuses on two core domains: social communication impairment and restricted interests/repetitive behaviors. The prevalence of ASD has been steadily increasing over the past two decades, with current estimates reaching up to 1 in 36 children. Hereditary factors, parental history of psychiatric disorders, pre-term births, and fetal exposure to psychotropic drugs or insecticides have all been linked to higher risk of ASD...
May 12, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754428/tapering-off-long-term-opioid-therapy-in-chronic-non-cancer-pain-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Geana Paula Kurita, Jette Højsted, Per Sjøgren
BACKGROUND: The indications for initiating long-term opioid treatment (L-TOT) for chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) are often unclear and associated with problematic use. This study aimed at evaluating the efficacy of stabilizing opioid therapy followed by a sequential opioid tapering off program in CNCP patients. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial with a medications stabilization period (Phase 1) followed by a opioid tapering off program (Phase 2). In Phase 2, patients were randomized to Control Group (stable treatment) or Taper off Group (sequential opioid dose reduction) and assessed at baseline, after stabilization and up to six months...
May 13, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751241/negative-affect-and-intolerance-of-uncertainty-as-potential-mediators-of-change-in-comorbid-depression-in-transdiagnostic-cbt-for-anxiety
#6
Alexander M Talkovsky, Peter J Norton
BACKGROUND: Transdiagnostic group cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety (TGCBT) has demonstrated effectiveness in improving comorbid conditions, including depression. Mediators of change in reductions in comorbid depression have yet to be established following this anxiety-focused treatment. Negative affect (NA) and intolerance of uncertainty (IU) have demonstrated contributions to anxiety reduction in TGCBT, as has positive affect (PA) on depression reductions in other cognitive behavioral treatments...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750006/a-novel-integrated-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety-and-medication-adherence-among-persons-living-with-hiv-aids
#7
Charles P Brandt, Daniel J Paulus, Monica Garza, Chad Lemaire, Peter J Norton, Michael J Zvolensky
Persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) are able to live full lifespans after infection, however, rates of anxiety disorders among this population are elevated compared to national samples. Importantly, these anxiety symptoms and disorders have a negative effect on medication adherence, quality of life and other psychological disorders, such as depression. In order to reduce the impact of anxiety among PLHIV, a six-session transdiagnostic CBT-based treatment manual for anxiety among PLHIV named the HIV/Anxiety Management-Reduction Treatment (HAMRT) was developed and implemented...
February 2018: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747712/remote-delivery-of-psychological-interventions-for-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Caitlin Swalwell, Nancy A Pachana, Nadeeka N Dissanayaka
ABSTRACTObjective:Over two-thirds of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients experience comorbid neuropsychiatric symptoms, which adversely impact their quality of life and often require intervention. There is a preference for non-pharmacological, psychological approaches in addressing these symptoms. Given mobility limitations, travel burden, and cost, accessibility to psychological treatment can be problematic in this population. There has been a recent shift toward delivering care via telehealth in PD. Accordingly, this review aimed to examine remotely delivered psychological interventions for PD patients...
May 11, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747706/does-online-insomnia-treatment-reduce-depressive-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-individuals-with-both-insomnia-and-depressive-symptoms
#9
T van der Zweerde, A van Straten, M Effting, S D Kyle, J Lancee
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is effectively treated with online Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I). Previous research has suggested the effects might not be limited to sleep and insomnia severity, but also apply to depressive symptoms. Results, however, are mixed. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial we investigated the effects of guided online CBT-I on depression and insomnia in people suffering from symptoms of both. Participants (n = 104) with clinical insomnia and at least subclinical depression levels were randomized to (1) guided online CBT-I and sleep diary monitoring (i-Sleep) or (2) control group (sleep diary monitoring only)...
May 11, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742721/coexistence-of-lambert-eaton-myasthenic-syndrome-and-autoimmune-encephalitis-with-anti-crmp5-cv2-and-anti-gabab-receptor-antibodies-in-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-case-report
#10
Hongfang Li, Aimei Zhang, Yanlei Hao, Hongzhi Guan, Zhanyun Lv
RATIONALE: Autoimmune encephalitis and Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome are classic paraneoplastic neurological conditions common in patients with small cell lung cancer. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient complained of tiredness, fluctuating recent memory loss, and inability to find his home. His family members reported a change in character, irritability, and paranoia. One month later, the patient had 1 grand mal seizure lasting 5 minutes. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed with limbic encephalitis combined with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739520/the-place-for-psychodynamic-therapy-and-obstacles-to-its-provision
#11
REVIEW
Susan G Lazar
Psychodynamic treatment provides benefits for patients with personality disorders, chronic depressive and anxiety disorders, and chronic complex disorders, and its intensity and duration have independent positive effects. Obstacles to its provision include a bias privileging brief treatments, especially cognitive behavior therapy, seen as a gold standard of treatment, despite difficulties with the design of, and ability to generalize from, its supporting research and the diagnostic nosology of the illnesses studied...
June 2018: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735512/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-does-not-meaningfully-reduce-depression-in-most-people-with-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-of-clinically-reliable-improvement
#12
REVIEW
Adam J Noble, James Reilly, James Temple, Peter L Fisher
Psychological treatment is recommended for depression and anxiety in those with epilepsy. This review used standardised criteria to evaluate, for the first time, the clinical relevance of any symptom change these treatments afford patients. Databases were searched until March 2017 for relevant trials in adults. Trial quality was assessed and trial authors asked for individual participants' pre-treatment and post-treatment distress data. Jacobson's methodology determined the proportion in the different trial arms demonstrating reliable symptom change on primary and secondary outcome measures and its direction...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734988/change-in-cognition-and-other-non-motor-symptoms-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-treatment-in-parkinson-disease
#13
Marta Kaminska, Victoria P Mery, Anne-Louise Lafontaine, Ann Robinson, Andrea Benedetti, Priti Gros, R John Kimoff
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Parkinson disease (PD) non-motor symptoms are associated with sleep disorders and impair quality of life. Our objective was to assess the effect of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) treatment using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on PD non-motor symptoms. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 67 patients with idiopathic PD underwent polysomnography. Those with moderate-severe OSA were offered CPAP therapy. Subjects were divided into those without OSA (OSA-), and those with OSA (OSA+)...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730875/how-effective-are-efficiency-studies-an-evaluation-in-the-context-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapies
#14
Esra Güven, Gözde Gökçe
The consensus view is that the main goal of a psychotherapy approach is to make changes in dysfunctional attitudes and behaviors. Therapeutic effectiveness, which is defined as "the establishment of causality between the intervention and the emergent changes in target behavior, symptom, or disorder," has been examined via studies of therapeutic effectiveness. In this review, we aimed to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and/or ef- fectiveness studies in terms of their METHODS, results, and approaches...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727307/long-term-cognitive-and-psychological-functioning-in-post-electroconvulsive-therapy-patients
#15
Michelle L Miller, Hien Luu, Owen Gaasedelen, Amanda E Hahn-Ketter, Alexis Elmore, Naseem Dezhkam, John Bayless, David J Moser, Douglas M Whiteside
OBJECTIVE: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is associated with positive outcomes for treatment-resistant mood disorders in the short term. However, there is limited research on long-term cognitive or psychological changes beyond 1 year after -ECT. This study evaluated long-term outcomes in cognitive functioning, psychiatric symptoms, and quality of life for individuals who had undergone ECT. METHODS: Eligible participants (N = 294) who completed a brief pre-ECT neuropsychological assessment within the last 14 years were recruited for a follow-up evaluation; a limited sample agreed to follow-up testing (n = 34)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726748/efficacy-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-in-improving-the-negative-psychological-state-in-patients-with-cerebral-infarction-and-dysphagia
#16
Yanfang Zeng, James Yip, Hongli Cui, Longfei Guan, Haomeng Zhu, Weidong Zhang, Huishan Du, Xiaokun Geng
Objective To observe the improvement of negative affect disorders in patients with cerebral infarction and dysphagia by neuromuscular electrical stimulation. Methods One hundred and twelve patients with cerebral infarction and dysphagia were selected and randomized into treatment (n = 59) and control (n = 53) groups. Similar swallowing function was found in both groups before treatment: (1) Water-drinking test in the treatment group proved swallowing function Level III in 24 cases, Level IV in 22 cases and Level V in 13 cases; (2) in the control group, swallowing function was Level III in 21 cases, Level IV in 20 cases and Level V in 12 cases...
May 4, 2018: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722919/computer-assisted-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-the-experiences-of-adults-who-have-an-intellectual-disability-and-anxiety-or-depression
#17
Patricia Cooney, Catherine Jackman, Conall Tunney, David Coyle, Gary O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: Despite its evidence base in the general population, computerized cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) has not yet been adapted for use with people with intellectual disability. This study aimed to explore the experiences of adults with an intellectual disability who played a cCBT program. METHOD: Twenty-four adults (with a mild or moderate intellectual disability and clinically significant anxiety or depression) who were in the treatment arm of a pilot randomized controlled trial evaluating the cCBT program were individually interviewed...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721499/predictors-of-broad-dimensions-of-psychopathology-among-patients-with-panic-disorder-after-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#18
Sei Ogawa, Masaki Kondo, Keiko Ino, Risa Imai, Toshitaka Ii, Toshi A Furukawa, Tatsuo Akechi
Background: Many patients with panic disorder meet criteria for at least one other diagnosis, most commonly other anxiety or mood disorders. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the best empirically supported psychotherapy for panic disorder. There is now evidence indicating that cognitive-behavioral therapy for panic disorder yields positive benefits upon comorbid disorders. Objectives: The present study aimed to examine the predictors of broad dimensions of psychopathology in panic disorder after cognitive-behavioral therapy...
2018: Psychiatry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717621/online-insomnia-treatment-and-the-reduction-of-anxiety-symptoms-as-a-secondary-outcome-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-role-of-cognitive-behavioural-factors
#19
John A Gosling, Phil Batterham, Lee Ritterband, Nick Glozier, Frances Thorndike, Kathleen M Griffiths, Andrew Mackinnon, Helen M Christensen
OBJECTIVE: Insomnia and anxiety commonly co-occur, yet the mechanisms underlying this remain unclear. The current paper describes the impact of an Internet-based intervention for insomnia on anxiety, and explores the influence of two cognitive-behavioural constructs - dysfunctional beliefs about sleep and sleep-threat monitoring. METHODS: A large-scale, 9-week, two-arm randomised controlled trial ( N = 1149) of community-dwelling Australian adults with insomnia and elevated yet subclinical depression symptoms was conducted, comparing a cognitive behavioural therapy-based online intervention for insomnia (Sleep Healthy Using The Internet) with an attention-matched online control intervention (HealthWatch)...
April 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714106/meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-and-acceptability-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-arab-adult-populations-experiencing-anxiety-depression-or-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#20
Rony Kayrouz, Blake F Dear, Bechara Kayrouz, Eyal Karin, Milena Gandy, Nickolai Titov
A meta-analysis of the literature of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) with Arab adult populations experiencing anxiety, depression or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was conducted. Nine studies (n = 536) met the eligibility criteria. Three of the nine studies (33%) were randomised control trials using waitlist control groups. All studies (100%) reported a statistically significant reduction in psychological symptoms at post-treatment with large effect sizes for anxiety (effect size, 95% confidence interval) (1...
May 1, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
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