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Vitamin b complex

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917847/poultry-products-enriched-with-nutricines-have-beneficial-effects-on-human-health
#1
Gordana Kralik, Zlata Kralik
The paper presents nutritive value of broiler meat and table eggs, as these animal products are used for human nutrition on a daily basis. In the Republic of Croatia, average consumption of poultry meat amounts to 18.3 kg and to 160 eggs per capita.The most quality parts of broiler carcass are breasts and drumsticks with thighs. Breast muscles contain 21-23% protein, 1.90-1.97% fat, 75.28-76.01% water and 0.74-0.77% collagen. Thigh muscles contain 4.70-6.05% fat, 19.03-19.93% protein and 0.91-1.13% collagen...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890600/folate-status-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-a-2016-update
#2
REVIEW
Joel B Mason, San Yuan Tang
The consensus of epidemiologic evidence indicates that an abundant intake of foodstuffs rich in folate conveys protection against the development of colorectal cancer, and perhaps some other common cancers as well. Pre-clinical models substantiate that the relationship is a genuinely causal one. Pre-clinical models have also lent mechanistic insights into the biochemical and molecular pathways by which adequate folate exposure conveys these protective effects, although human studies are beginning to establish the relevance of our mechanistic understanding to human cancer biology...
November 24, 2016: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881585/partial-interhemispheric-disconnection-syndrome-p-ihds-secondary-to-marchiafava-bignami-disease-type-b-mbd-b
#3
Carlo Canepa, Lorena Arias
A 53-year-old man with a 35-year history of excessive alcohol intake presents to our neurology department with 4-year history of progressive neurocognitive deterioration and disconnection syndrome. MRI head demonstrates extensive demyelination of the corpus callosum (and of extracallosal sites as well), leading to a diagnosis of Marchiafava-Bignami disease. He was given treatment with vitamin B complex (including folate) and was assessed and managed by psychology, occupational therapy and physiotherapy with initial signs of improvement...
November 23, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865356/temporal-trends-in-dietary-supplement-prescriptions-of-united-states-military-service-members-suggest-a-decrease-in-pyridoxine-and-increase-in-vitamin-d-supplements-from-2005-to-2013
#4
Joseph J Knapik, Rosenie T Jean, Krista G Austin, Ryan A Steelman, Julia Gannon, Emily K Farina, Harris R Lieberman
Dietary supplements (DSs) can be obtained over-the-counter but can also be prescribed by health-care providers for therapeutic reasons. Few studies have documented this later source despite the fact that 79% of physicians and 82% of nurses have recommended DSs to patients. This investigation assessed prevalence and temporal trends in oral DS prescriptions filled by all United States service members (SMs) from 2005 to 2013 (n = 1 427 080 ± 22 139, mean ± standard deviation (SD)/y). We hypothesize that there would be temporal variations in specific types of DSs...
October 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845312/-improvement-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-the-treatment-of-patients-with-low-back-pain
#5
P R Kamchatnov
Low back pain (LBP) is an extremely widespread syndrome in the population. Nonsteroidal Inflammatory drugs are most frequently used in treatment of patients with LBP. The use of these drugs causes adverse effects, the risk of which can be minimized. To decrease the risk, B-group vitamins are used in the complex treatment. The possibility of simultaneous using of artrozan (meloxicam) and cyanocobalamine (B-group vitamin complex) in the treatment of LBP is considered.
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842532/silybin-supplementation-during-hcv-therapy-with-pegylated-interferon-%C3%AE-plus-ribavirin-reduces-depression-and-anxiety-and-increases-work-ability
#6
Giulia Malaguarnera, Gaetano Bertino, Giuseppe Chisari, Massimo Motta, Michele Vecchio, Marco Vacante, Filippo Caraci, Carmela Greco, Filippo Drago, Giuseppe Nunnari, Michele Malaguarnera
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus infection and interferon treatment are often associated with anxiety, depressive symptoms and poor health-related quality of life. To evaluate the Silybin-vitamin E-phospholipids complex effect on work ability and whether health related factors (anxiety and depression) were associated with work ability in subjects with chronic hepatitis C treated with Pegylated-Interferon-α2b (Peg-IFN) and Ribavirin (RBV). METHODS: Thirty-one patients (Group A) with chronic hepatitis and other 31 subjects in Group B were recruited in a randomized, prospective, placebo controlled, double blind clinical trial...
November 15, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814772/-manganese-induced-neurotoxicity-a-review-of-its-behavioral-consequences-and-neuroprotective-strategies
#7
REVIEW
Tanara V Peres, Maria Rosa C Schettinger, Pan Chen, Fabiano Carvalho, Daiana S Avila, Aaron B Bowman, Michael Aschner
Manganese (Mn) is an essential heavy metal. However, Mn's nutritional aspects are paralleled by its role as a neurotoxicant upon excessive exposure. In this review, we covered recent advances in identifying mechanisms of Mn uptake and its molecular actions in the brain as well as promising neuroprotective strategies. The authors focused on reporting findings regarding Mn transport mechanisms, Mn effects on cholinergic system, behavioral alterations induced by Mn exposure and studies of neuroprotective strategies against Mn intoxication...
November 4, 2016: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803291/neuroprotective-efficacy-of-hesperetin-against-cadmium-induced-oxidative-stress-in-the-brain-of-rats
#8
Kalist Shagirtha, Nazima Bashir, Selvaraj MiltonPrabu
The present study was designed to investigate the neuroprotective effect of hesperetin (Hp) against cadmium (Cd)-induced neurotoxicity in rats. Cadmium (3 mg/kg body weight (b.w.), subcutaneous) administration for 3 weeks demonstrated neurotoxicity in rats by the decreased activity of acetylcholinesterase in the brain. The oxidative stress markers (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and protein carbonyls) were significantly increased with decreased enzymatic (superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione S-transferase) and non-enzymatic antioxidants (reduced glutathione, total sulphydryl groups and vitamin C)...
November 1, 2016: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799175/evaluation-of-clinical-practice-in-perioperative-patient-blood-management
#9
D M Baron, P G H Metnitz, T Fellinger, B Metnitz, A Rhodes, S A Kozek-Langenecker
BACKGROUND: Several guidelines have been published to facilitate implementation of patient blood management (PBM). This study was performed to evaluate clinical practices in PBM. METHODS: An online survey based on the guidelines for the management of severe perioperative bleeding from the European Society of Anaesthesiology (ESA) was conducted among ESA members. We assessed characteristic data of participating physicians, preoperative assessment of bleeding risk and anaemia, intraoperative transfusion practices, specific pharmacologic treatment of significant bleeding, and clinical use of PBM algorithms...
November 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795706/inositol-treatment-and-art-outcomes-in-women-with-pcos
#10
REVIEW
Deepika Garg, Reshef Tal
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects 5-10% of women in reproductive age and is characterized by oligo/amenorrhea, androgen excess, insulin resistance, and typical polycystic ovarian morphology. It is the most common cause of infertility secondary to ovulatory dysfunction. The underlying etiology is still unknown but is believed to be multifactorial. Insulin-sensitizing compounds such as inositol, a B-complex vitamin, and its stereoisomers (myo-inositol and D-chiro-inositol) have been studied as an effective treatment of PCOS...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737643/cobalamin-production-by-lactobacillus-coryniformis-biochemical-identification-of-the-synthetized-corrinoid-and-genomic-analysis-of-the-biosynthetic-cluster
#11
Andrea Carolina Torres, Verónica Vannini, Julieta Bonacina, Graciela Font, Lucila Saavedra, María Pía Taranto
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that most vitamins are present in a variety of foods, malnutrition, unbalanced diets or insufficient intake of foods are still the cause of vitamin deficiencies in humans in some countries. Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) is a complex compound that is only naturally produced by bacteria and archea. It has been reported that certain strains belonging to lactic acid bacteria group are capable of synthesized water-soluble vitamins such as those included in the B-group, as vitamin B12...
October 13, 2016: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737338/inhibition-of-proteases-and-phospholipases-a2-from-bothrops-atrox-and-crotalus-durissus-terrificus-snake-venoms-by-ascorbic-acid-vitamin-e-and-b-complex-vitamins
#12
Carlos H M Oliveira, Anderson A Simão, Marcus V C Trento, Pedro H S César, Silvana Marcussi
The enzyme inhibition by natural and/ or low-cost compounds may represent a valuable adjunct to traditional serotherapy performed in cases of snakebite, mainly with a view to mitigate the local effects of envenoming. The objective of this study was to evaluate possible interactions between vitamins and enzymes that comprise Bothrops atrox and Crotalus durissus terrificus venoms, in vitro. Proteolysis inhibition assays (substrates: azocasein, collagen, gelatin and fibrinogen), hemolysis, coagulation, hemagglutination were carried out using different proportions of vitamins in face of to inhibit minimum effective dose of each venom...
2016: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726023/regioselective-hydroxylation-of-cholecalciferol-cholesterol-and-other-sterol-derivatives-by-steroid-c25-dehydrogenase
#13
A Rugor, M Tataruch, J Staroń, A Dudzik, E Niedzialkowska, P Nowak, A Hogendorf, A Michalik-Zym, D B Napruszewska, A Jarzębski, K Szymańska, W Białas, M Szaleniec
Steroid C25 dehydrogenase (S25DH) from Sterolibacterium denitrificans Chol-1S is a molybdenum oxidoreductase belonging to the so-called ethylbenzene dehydrogenase (EBDH)-like subclass of DMSO reductases capable of the regioselective hydroxylation of cholesterol or cholecalciferol to 25-hydroxy products. Both products are important biologically active molecules: 25-hydroxycholesterol is responsible for a complex regulatory function in the immunological system, while 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (calcifediol) is the activated form of vitamin D3 used in the treatment of rickets and other calcium disorders...
October 11, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695127/respiratory-syncytial-virus-infected-mesenchymal-stem-cells-regulate-immunity-via-interferon-beta-and-indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase
#14
Michael B Cheung, Viviana Sampayo-Escobar, Ryan Green, Martin L Moore, Subhra Mohapatra, Shyam S Mohapatra
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has been reported to infect human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) but the consequences are poorly understood. MSCs are present in nearly every organ including the nasal mucosa and the lung and play a role in regulating immune responses and mediating tissue repair. We sought to determine whether RSV infection of MSCs enhances their immune regulatory functions and contributes to RSV-associated lung disease. RSV was shown to replicate in human MSCs by fluorescence microscopy, plaque assay, and expression of RSV transcripts...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27691938/medical-management-of-coelomic-distention-abnormal-swimming-substrate-retention-and-hematologic-changes-in-a-reef-manta-ray-manta-alfredi
#15
Alexa J McDermott, Cara L Field, Lisa A Hoopes, Tonya M Clauss
An adult, female, reef manta ray (Manta alfredi) was evaluated for abnormal swimming and coelomic distention after colliding with a floating dock in an exhibit. Initial clinical signs included abnormal posture and swimming. Clinical signs progressed to include muscle wasting, poor body condition, and coelomic distention. Further diagnostics revealed excessive exhibit substrate within the gastrointestinal tract, gastric ulcers, free coelomic fluid, possible spinal lesion, possible uterine abnormality, and hematologic changes...
September 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688657/impact-of-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-on-hepatic-metabolic-signaling-pathway
#16
REVIEW
Yi-Xian Shi, Chen-Jie Huang, Zheng-Gang Yang
A growing body of epidemiologic research has demonstrated that metabolic derangement exists in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, indicating that there are clinical associations between HBV infection and host metabolism. In order to understand the complex interplay between HBV and hepatic metabolism in greater depth, we systematically reviewed these alterations in different metabolic signaling pathways due to HBV infection. HBV infection interfered with most aspects of hepatic metabolic responses, including glucose, lipid, nucleic acid, bile acid and vitamin metabolism...
September 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671272/impact-of-a-computerized-antithrombotic-risk-assessment-tool-on-the-prescription-of-thromboprophylaxis-in-atrial-fibrillation-hospital-setting
#17
E Pandya, N Masood, Y Wang, I Krass, B Bajorek
The computerized antithrombotic risk assessment tool (CARAT) is an online decision-support algorithm that facilitates a systematic review of a patient's stroke risk, bleeding risk, and pertinent medication safety considerations, to generate an individualized treatment recommendation. The CARAT was prospectively applied across 2 hospitals in the greater Sydney area. Its impact on antithrombotics utilization for thromboprophylaxis in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation was evaluated. Factors influencing prescribers' treatment selection were identified...
September 26, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660670/genome-sequence-of-candidatus-arsenophonus-lipopteni-the-exclusive-symbiont-of-a-blood-sucking-fly-lipoptena-cervi-diptera-hippoboscidae
#18
Eva Nováková, Václav Hypša, Petr Nguyen, Filip Husník, Alistair C Darby
Candidatus Arsenophonus lipopteni (Enterobacteriaceae, Gammaproteobacteria) is an obligate intracellular symbiont of the blood feeding deer ked, Lipoptena cervi (Diptera: Hippoboscidae). The bacteria reside in specialized cells derived from host gut epithelia (bacteriocytes) forming a compact symbiotic organ (bacteriome). Compared to the closely related complex symbiotic system in the sheep ked, involving four bacterial species, Lipoptena cervi appears to maintain its symbiosis exclusively with Ca. Arsenophonus lipopteni...
2016: Standards in Genomic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647886/structural-definition-of-the-lysine-swing-in-arabidopsis-thaliana-pdx1-intermediate-channeling-facilitating-vitamin-b6-biosynthesis
#19
Graham C Robinson, Markus Kaufmann, Céline Roux, Teresa B Fitzpatrick
Vitamin B6 is indispensible for all organisms, notably as the coenzyme form pyridoxal 5'-phosphate. Plants make the compound de novo using a relatively simple pathway comprising pyridoxine synthase (PDX1) and pyridoxine glutaminase (PDX2). PDX1 is remarkable given its multifaceted synthetic ability to carry out isomerization, imine formation, ammonia addition, aldol-type condensation, cyclization, and aromatization, all in the absence of coenzymes or recruitment of specialized domains. Two active sites (P1 and P2) facilitate the plethora of reactions, but it is not known how the two are coordinated and, moreover, if intermediates are tunneled between active sites...
October 4, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640333/dietary-vitamin-c-deficiency-depressed-the-gill-physical-barriers-and-immune-barriers-referring-to-nrf2-apoptosis-mlck-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-tor-signaling-in-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella-under-infection-of-flavobacterium-columnare
#20
Hui-Jun Xu, Wei-Dan Jiang, Lin Feng, Yang Liu, Pei Wu, Jun Jiang, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xiao-Qiu Zhou
This study explored the effects of vitamin C on the physical barriers and immune barriers, and relative mRNA levels of signaling molecules in the gill of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) under infection of Flavobacterium columnare. The results indicated that compared with optimal vitamin C supplementation, vitamin C deficiency (2.9 mg/kg diet) (1) increased reactive oxygen species, malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl (PC) contents (P < 0.05), decreased the copper/zinc superoxide dismutase, manganese superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase activities and mRNA levels (P < 0...
September 15, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
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