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Immuno-oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812378/bevacizumab-in-advanced-lung-cancer-state-of-the-art
#1
Sandra Assoun, Solenn Brosseau, Christelle Steinmetz, Valérie Gounant, Gérard Zalcman
Despite recent advances in metastatic lung cancer treatment with the advent of immune checkpoint inhibitors and molecules targeting addictive genomic abnormalities, prognosis of most of the patients remains unfavorable. Combination approaches with older drugs, such as bevacizumab, should be thus envisioned. Bevacizumab is a monoclonal anti-VEGF antibody, approved by the US FDA and the EMA in first-line and maintenance settings of advanced nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatment, in association with platinum-based chemotherapy...
August 16, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804242/immuno-oncology-integrative-networks-elucidating-the-influences-of-osteosarcoma-phenotypes
#2
REVIEW
Ankush Sharma, Enrico Capobianco
In vivo and in vitro functional phenotyping characterization was recently obtained with reference to an experimental pan-cancer study of 22 osteosarcoma (OS) cell lines. Here, differentially expressed gene (DEG) profiles were recomputed from the publicly available data to conduct network inference on the immune system regulatory activity across the characterized OS phenotypes. Based on such DEG profiles, and for each phenotype that was analyzed, we obtained coexpression networks and bio-annotations for them...
2017: Cancer Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780932/cancer-nanomedicine-lessons-for-immuno-oncology
#3
REVIEW
Shiladitya Sengupta
Cancer nanotechnology and cancer immunotherapy are two parallel themes that have emerged over the last few decades in the search for a cure for cancer. Exciting applications can emerge at the intersection of these two fields. However, it is important to learn from the past successes and failures of cancer nanomedicines for its future applications in cancer immunotherapy. This review discusses the two key parameters that defined clinical success in the case of cancer nanomedicines: (i) physicochemical design principles, and (ii) clinical trial design, which are frequently overlooked in most analyses of the state of the field...
August 2017: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777143/assessing-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-in-solid-tumors-a-practical-review-for-pathologists-and-proposal-for-a-standardized-method-from-the-international-immuno-oncology-biomarkers-working-group-part-2-tils-in-melanoma-gastrointestinal-tract-carcinomas-non
#4
Shona Hendry, Roberto Salgado, Thomas Gevaert, Prudence A Russell, Tom John, Bibhusal Thapa, Michael Christie, Koen van de Vijver, M V Estrada, Paula I Gonzalez-Ericsson, Melinda Sanders, Benjamin Solomon, Cinzia Solinas, Gert G G M Van den Eynden, Yves Allory, Matthias Preusser, Johannes Hainfellner, Giancarlo Pruneri, Andrea Vingiani, Sandra Demaria, Fraser Symmans, Paolo Nuciforo, Laura Comerma, E A Thompson, Sunil Lakhani, Seong-Rim Kim, Stuart Schnitt, Cecile Colpaert, Christos Sotiriou, Stefan J Scherer, Michail Ignatiadis, Sunil Badve, Robert H Pierce, Giuseppe Viale, Nicolas Sirtaine, Frederique Penault-Llorca, Tomohagu Sugie, Susan Fineberg, Soonmyung Paik, Ashok Srinivasan, Andrea Richardson, Yihong Wang, Ewa Chmielik, Jane Brock, Douglas B Johnson, Justin Balko, Stephan Wienert, Veerle Bossuyt, Stefan Michiels, Nils Ternes, Nicole Burchardi, Stephen J Luen, Peter Savas, Frederick Klauschen, Peter H Watson, Brad H Nelson, Carmen Criscitiello, Sandra O'Toole, Denis Larsimont, Roland de Wind, Giuseppe Curigliano, Fabrice André, Magali Lacroix-Triki, Mark van de Vijver, Federico Rojo, Giuseppe Floris, Shahinaz Bedri, Joseph Sparano, David Rimm, Torsten Nielsen, Zuzana Kos, Stephen Hewitt, Baljit Singh, Gelareh Farshid, Sibylle Loibl, Kimberly H Allison, Nadine Tung, Sylvia Adams, Karen Willard-Gallo, Hugo M Horlings, Leena Gandhi, Andre Moreira, Fred Hirsch, Maria V Dieci, Maria Urbanowicz, Iva Brcic, Konstanty Korski, Fabien Gaire, Hartmut Koeppen, Amy Lo, Jennifer Giltnane, Marlon C Rebelatto, Keith E Steele, Jiping Zha, Kenneth Emancipator, Jonathan W Juco, Carsten Denkert, Jorge Reis-Filho, Sherene Loi, Stephen B Fox
Assessment of the immune response to tumors is growing in importance as the prognostic implications of this response are increasingly recognized, and as immunotherapies are evaluated and implemented in different tumor types. However, many different approaches can be used to assess and describe the immune response, which limits efforts at implementation as a routine clinical biomarker. In part 1 of this review, we have proposed a standardized methodology to assess tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in solid tumors, based on the International Immuno-Oncology Biomarkers Working Group guidelines for invasive breast carcinoma...
August 2, 2017: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777142/assessing-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-in-solid-tumors-a-practical-review-for-pathologists-and-proposal-for-a-standardized-method-from-the-international-immunooncology-biomarkers-working-group-part-1-assessing-the-host-immune-response-tils-in-invasive-breast
#5
Shona Hendry, Roberto Salgado, Thomas Gevaert, Prudence A Russell, Tom John, Bibhusal Thapa, Michael Christie, Koen van de Vijver, M V Estrada, Paula I Gonzalez-Ericsson, Melinda Sanders, Benjamin Solomon, Cinzia Solinas, Gert G G M Van den Eynden, Yves Allory, Matthias Preusser, Johannes Hainfellner, Giancarlo Pruneri, Andrea Vingiani, Sandra Demaria, Fraser Symmans, Paolo Nuciforo, Laura Comerma, E A Thompson, Sunil Lakhani, Seong-Rim Kim, Stuart Schnitt, Cecile Colpaert, Christos Sotiriou, Stefan J Scherer, Michail Ignatiadis, Sunil Badve, Robert H Pierce, Giuseppe Viale, Nicolas Sirtaine, Frederique Penault-Llorca, Tomohagu Sugie, Susan Fineberg, Soonmyung Paik, Ashok Srinivasan, Andrea Richardson, Yihong Wang, Ewa Chmielik, Jane Brock, Douglas B Johnson, Justin Balko, Stephan Wienert, Veerle Bossuyt, Stefan Michiels, Nils Ternes, Nicole Burchardi, Stephen J Luen, Peter Savas, Frederick Klauschen, Peter H Watson, Brad H Nelson, Carmen Criscitiello, Sandra O'Toole, Denis Larsimont, Roland de Wind, Giuseppe Curigliano, Fabrice André, Magali Lacroix-Triki, Mark van de Vijver, Federico Rojo, Giuseppe Floris, Shahinaz Bedri, Joseph Sparano, David Rimm, Torsten Nielsen, Zuzana Kos, Stephen Hewitt, Baljit Singh, Gelareh Farshid, Sibylle Loibl, Kimberly H Allison, Nadine Tung, Sylvia Adams, Karen Willard-Gallo, Hugo M Horlings, Leena Gandhi, Andre Moreira, Fred Hirsch, Maria V Dieci, Maria Urbanowicz, Iva Brcic, Konstanty Korski, Fabien Gaire, Hartmut Koeppen, Amy Lo, Jennifer Giltnane, Marlon C Rebelatto, Keith E Steele, Jiping Zha, Kenneth Emancipator, Jonathan W Juco, Carsten Denkert, Jorge Reis-Filho, Sherene Loi, Stephen B Fox
Assessment of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in histopathologic specimens can provide important prognostic information in diverse solid tumor types, and may also be of value in predicting response to treatments. However, implementation as a routine clinical biomarker has not yet been achieved. As successful use of immune checkpoint inhibitors and other forms of immunotherapy become a clinical reality, the need for widely applicable, accessible, and reliable immunooncology biomarkers is clear. In part 1 of this review we briefly discuss the host immune response to tumors and different approaches to TIL assessment...
September 2017: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771031/challenges-in-the-design-of-reliable-immuno-oncology-mouse-models-to-inform-drug-development
#6
Giada Mondanelli, Claudia Volpi, Ciriana Orabona, Ursula Grohmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Future Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768924/a-novel-high-throughput-virtual-screening-protocol-to-discover-new-indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase-1-ido1-inhibitors
#7
Haojie Xu, Yunlong Song, Qing Yang
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) plays an important role in the immune escape of tumors and has emerged as a promising target for cancer immunotherapy. Despite its potential in immuno-oncology, very few chemotypes have been reported to date. Here, we disigned a novel high throughput virtual screening (HTVS) cascade protocol, combining both pharmacophore modeling and molecular docking and it was employed to query commercially available compounds to identify novel inhibitors. Among the 23 compounds selected for the in vitro IDO1 inhibitory activity assay, five compounds exhibit greater than 20% inhibition at a test concentration of 10 µM, with two compounds having an IC50 value of 23...
2017: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762116/merkel-cell-carcinoma-of-the-head-and-neck-recommendations-for-diagnostics-and-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Urs Dietmar Achim Müller-Richter, Anja Gesierich, Alexander Christian Kübler, Stefan Hartmann, Roman Camillus Brands
BACKGROUND: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, aggressive tumor that often occurs in the head and neck region. Because of these features, the classifications and diagnostic and treatment regimens are frequently modified. Especially in the anatomically complex head and neck region, it is crucial to be aware of the current recommendations for diagnostics and treatment of MCC to ensure appropriate treatment. This overview aims to summarize the currently available literature. METHODS: The authors reviewed the relevant literature and international guidelines for MCC from 2012 to 2017 with respect to epidemiology and prognosis, diagnostic procedures and imaging, surgery, radiation, systemic treatment, and aftercare...
July 31, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761752/cecog-educational-illustrations-the-blood-brain-barrier-and-its-relevance-for-targeted-cancer-therapies-and-immuno-oncology
#9
Matthias Preusser, Anna S Berghoff, Christiane Thallinger, Christoph Zielinski
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) protects the central nervous system (CNS) from potentially harmful substances and molecules by limiting their influx from the blood stream into the brain parenchyma. Understanding the structure and functioning of the BBB is of major importance for the development of effective medical treatments for primary and secondary brain tumours. Therefore, we provide here a concise and illustrated educational description of the anatomy and physiology of the BBB and current concepts on its role for targeted cancer therapies and immuno-oncology...
2017: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748917/oesophageal-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Elizabeth C Smyth, Jesper Lagergren, Rebecca C Fitzgerald, Florian Lordick, Manish A Shah, Pernilla Lagergren, David Cunningham
Oesophageal cancer is the sixth most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide and is therefore a major global health challenge. The two major subtypes of oesophageal cancer are oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC), which are epidemiologically and biologically distinct. OSCC accounts for 90% of all cases of oesophageal cancer globally and is highly prevalent in the East, East Africa and South America. OAC is more common in developed countries than in developing countries...
July 27, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726491/interview-with-thomas-powles-the-use-of-durvalumab-in-urothelial-cancer-the-latest-strides-in-immuno-oncology
#11
Thomas Powles
Thomas Powles speaks to Sebastian Dennis-Beron, Commissioning Editor: Dr. Thomas Powles is a clinical professor of genitourinary oncology and the lead for solid tumor research at Barts Cancer Institute in London. His main research interests are in genital and urinary cancers, in which he leads a spectrum of clinical studies from Phase I to randomized Phase III investigating novel targeted and immune therapies. His research also focuses on correlation of novel biomarkers and aims to define markers with prognostic value that may predict response or resistance to therapy...
July 20, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706933/atezolizumab-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-the-era-of-precision-immuno-oncology
#12
EDITORIAL
James Chung Hang Chow, Ka Man Cheung, William Chi Shing Cho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706516/applying-precision-medicine-and-immunotherapy-advances-from-oncology-to-host-directed-therapies-for-infectious-diseases
#13
Robert N Mahon, Richard Hafner
To meet the challenges of increasing antimicrobial resistance, the infectious disease community needs innovative therapeutics. Precision medicine and immunotherapies are transforming cancer therapeutics by targeting the regulatory signaling pathways that are involved not only in malignancies but also in the metabolic and immunologic function of the tumor microenvironment. Infectious diseases target many of the same regulatory pathways as they modulate host metabolic functions for their own nutritional requirements and to impede host immunity...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705005/radiation-therapy-in-the-management-of-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-review-of-current-evidence-and-future-opportunities
#14
Tyler P Robin, Karyn A Goodman
The role of radiation therapy for pancreatic cancer is rapidly evolving in every stage of this disease. In resectable disease, there is conflicting evidence for adjuvant therapy, but an ongoing randomized cooperative group trial is attempting to define the role of adjuvant chemoradiation with modern systemic therapies and radiation techniques with an emphasis on radiation quality assurance. In borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC), there is an emerging body of literature demonstrating the success of neoadjuvant stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) and a randomized cooperative group trial is actively accruing...
June 2017: Chinese Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689001/immuno-oncologic-approaches-car-t-cells-and-checkpoint-inhibitors
#15
REVIEW
Francesca Gay, Mattia D'Agostino, Luisa Giaccone, Mariella Genuardi, Moreno Festuccia, Mario Boccadoro, Benedetto Bruno
Advances in understanding myeloma biology have shown that disease progression is not only the consequence of intrinsic tumor changes but also of interactions between the tumor and the microenvironment in which the cancer grows. The immune system is an important component of the tumor microenvironment in myeloma, and acting on the immune system is an appealing new treatment strategy. There are 2 ways to act toward immune cells and boost antitumor immunity: (1) to increase antitumor activity (acting on T and NK cytotoxic cells), and (2) to reduce immunosuppression (acting on myeloid-derived stem cells and T regulatory cells)...
June 17, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681207/optimal-therapy-of-advanced-stage-mesothelioma
#16
REVIEW
Maria M J Disselhorst, Sjaak J A Burgers, Paul Baas
The optimal treatment of patients with advanced malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) has not yet been discovered. With the aid of an increased insight in the molecular pathways and the development of combinations of Immuno-Oncology (IO), drugs new therapies are available. The personalization of treatment by cell cultures and pathway analysis attracts more attention nowadays. It is conceivable that in the near future the treatment of patients with MPM will consist of a combination of IO drugs or specific pathway inhibitors...
August 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668860/gastrocutaneous-fistula-in-a-patient-with-locally-recurrent-msi-high-colorectal-cancer-local-complications-arising-from-therapeutic-response-to-immune-checkpoint-blockade
#17
Claire Greene, Eric K Nakakura, Andrew H Ko
Colorectal cancers with high microsatellite instability (MSI-H) have distinct clinical features in terms of their prognosis, recurrence patterns, and sensitivity to immunotherapeutic agents. We present the case of a woman with a left-sided MSI-H colon cancer who had repeated recurrences concentrated exclusively in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen, including gastric involvement. Despite multiple surgical resections, radiation, and several lines of chemotherapy, her disease eventually eroded through the chest wall...
July 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663235/immunotherapy-of-prostate-cancer-facts-and-hopes
#18
Marijo Bilusic, Ravi A Madan, James L Gulley
In the last few years immunotherapy has become an important cancer treatment modality and while the principles of immunotherapy evolved over many decades, the FDA approvals of sipuleucel-T and ipilimumab began a new wave in immuno-oncology. Despite the current enthusiasm, it is unlikely that any of the immunotherapeutics alone can dramatically change prostate cancer outcomes, but combination strategies are more promising and provide a reason for optimism. Several completed and ongoing studies have shown that the combination of cancer vaccines or checkpoint inhibitors with different immunotherapeutic agents, hormonal therapy (enzalutamide), radiation therapy (radium 223), DNA-damaging agents (olaparib), or chemotherapy (docetaxel) can enhance immune responses and induce more dramatic, long-lasting clinical responses without significant toxicity...
June 29, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640704/immunotherapy-for-brain-tumors
#19
John H Sampson, Marcela V Maus, Carl H June
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most lethal form of brain tumor and remains a large, unmet medical need. This review focuses on recent advances in the neurosciences that converge with the broader field of immuno-oncology. Recent findings in neuroanatomy provide a basis for new approaches of cellular therapies for tumors that involve the CNS. The ultimate success of immunotherapy in the CNS will require improved imaging technologies and methods for analysis of the tumor microenvironment in patients with GBM. It is likely that combinatorial approaches with targeted immunotherapies will be required to exploit the vulnerabilities of GBM and other brain tumors...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634022/goals-and-objectives-of-the-italian-network-for-tumor-biotherapy-nibit
#20
Vincenzo Russo, Alberto Amadori, Marco Bregni, Luana Calabrò, Mario Paolo Colombo, Massimo Di Nicola, Pier Francesco Ferrucci, Enrico Proietti, Michele Maio, Matteo Bellone
The explosion in the immuno-oncology field, exemplified by the clinical implementation of immune checkpoint inhibitor blockade and other immunotherapeutic strategies was quickly recognized by the Italian biomedical community, thanks to the networking activities of the Italian Network for Tumor Biotherapy (NIBIT), which has been active since 2004 in the diffusion of new scientific and clinical findings in the fields of tumor immunology and immunotherapy. Numerous activities of NIBIT have also helped to overcome the hurdles associated with the clinical implementation of cancer immune-biotherapeutic strategies at the national and international levels...
June 16, 2017: Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews
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