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Developmental Neuroscience

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455864/social-influence-on-positive-youth-development-a-developmental-neuroscience-perspective
#1
Eva H Telzer, Jorien van Hoorn, Christina R Rogers, Kathy T Do
Susceptibility to social influence is associated with a host of negative outcomes during adolescence. However, emerging evidence implicates the role of peers and parents in adolescents' positive and adaptive adjustment. Hence, in this chapter we highlight social influence as an opportunity for promoting social adjustment, which can redirect negative trajectories and help adolescents thrive. We discuss influential models about the processes underlying social influence, with a particular emphasis on internalizing social norms, embedded in social learning and social identity theory...
2018: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455860/a-social-interactive-neuroscience-approach-to-understanding-the-developing-brain
#2
Elizabeth Redcay, Katherine Rice Warnell
From birth onward, social interaction is central to our everyday lives. Our ability to seek out social partners, flexibly navigate and learn from social interactions, and develop social relationships is critically important for our social and cognitive development and for our mental and physical health. Despite the importance of our social interactions, the neurodevelopmental bases of such interactions are underexplored, as most research examines social processing in noninteractive contexts. We begin this chapter with evidence from behavioral work and adult neuroimaging studies demonstrating how social-interactive context fundamentally alters cognitive and neural processing...
2018: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441579/brain-anatomy-of-the-4-day-old-european-rabbit
#3
Nanette Y Schneider, Frédérique Datiche, Gérard Coureaud
The European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is a widely used model in fundamental, medical and veterinary neurosciences. Besides investigations in adults, rabbit pups are relevant to study perinatal neurodevelopment and early behaviour. To date, the rabbit is also the only species in which a pheromone - the mammary pheromone (MP) - emitted by lactating females and active on neonatal adaptation has been described. The MP is crucial since it contributes directly to nipple localisation and oral seizing in neonates, i...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410608/toward-a-neuroscience-of-adult-cognitive-developmental-theory
#4
Fady Girgis, Darrin J Lee, Amir Goodarzi, Jochen Ditterich
Piaget's genetic epistemology has provided the constructivist approach upon which child developmental theories were founded, in that infants are thought to progress through distinct cognitive stages until they reach maturity in their early 20's. However, it is now well established that cognition continues to develop after early adulthood, and several "neo-Piagetian" theories have emerged in an attempt to better characterize adult cognitive development. For example, Kegan's Constructive Developmental Theory (CDT) argues that the thought processes used by adults to construct their reality change over time, and reaching higher stages of cognitive development entails becoming objectively aware of emotions and beliefs that were previously in the realm of the subconscious...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397345/variability-of-the-hemodynamic-response-in-infants-influence-of-experimental-design-and-stimulus-complexity
#5
REVIEW
Cécile Issard, Judit Gervain
Measuring brain activity in developmental populations remains a major challenge despite great technological advances. Among the numerous available methods, functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), an imaging modality that probes the hemodynamic response, is a powerful tool for recording brain activity in a great variety of situations and populations. Neurocognitive studies with infants have often reported inverted hemodynamic responses, i.e. a decrease instead of an increase in regional blood oxygenation, but the exact physiological explanation and cognitive interpretation of this response remain unclear...
January 31, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395939/longitudinal-modeling-in-developmental-neuroimaging-research-common-challenges-and-solutions-from-developmental-psychology
#6
REVIEW
Kevin M King, Andrew K Littlefield, Connor J McCabe, Kathryn L Mills, John Flournoy, Laurie Chassin
Hypotheses about change over time are central to informing our understanding of development. Developmental neuroscience is at critical juncture: although the majority of longitudinal imaging studies have observations with two time points, researchers are increasingly obtaining three or more observations of the same individuals. The goals of the proposed manuscript are to draw upon the long history of methodological and applied literature on longitudinal statistical models to summarize common problems and issues that arise in their use...
November 22, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357224/relative-quantitation-of-neuropeptides-at-multiple-developmental-stages-of-the-american-lobster-using-n-n-dimethyl-leucine-isobaric-tandem-mass-tags
#7
Xiaoyue Jiang, Feng Xiang, Chenxi Jia, Amanda R Buchberger, Lingjun Li
Neuromodulators and neurotransmitters play important roles in neural network development. The quantitative changes of these signaling molecules often reflect their regulatory roles in physiological processes. Currently, several commercial tags (e.g., iTRAQ and TMT) have been widely used in proteomics. With reduced cost and higher labeling efficiency, we employed a set of custom-developed N, N-dimethyl leucine (DiLeu) 4-plex isobaric tandem mass tags as an attractive alternative for the relative quantitation of neuropeptides in brain tissue of American lobster Homarus americanus at multiple developmental stages...
January 22, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350832/the-developmental-trinity-of-mind-cognizance-executive-control-and-reasoning
#8
REVIEW
Andreas Demetriou, Nikolaos Makris, Smaragda Kazi, George Spanoudis, Michael Shayer
This paper summarizes research on how cognizance, that is, awareness of mental processes, interacts with executive control and reasoning from childhood to adolescence. Central positions are that (a) cognizance changes extensively with age; (b) it contributes to the formation of executive control, and (c) mediates between executive control and reasoning. Cognizance recycles with changes in executive and inferential possibilities in four developmental cycles: it registers their present state, yielding insight into their operation, allowing their better management; this catalyzes their transformation into the next level...
January 19, 2018: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342053/gradual-symmetric-progression-of-dfna34-hearing-loss-caused-by-an-nlrp3-mutation-and-cochlear-autoinflammation
#9
Hiroshi Nakanishi, Yoshiyuki Kawashima, Kiyoto Kurima, Julie A Muskett, H Jeffrey Kim, Carmen C Brewer, Andrew J Griffith
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the audiometric phenotype of autosomal-dominant DFNA34 hearing loss (HL) caused by a missense substitution in the NLRP3 gene. NLRP3 encodes a critical component of the NLRP3 inflammasome that is activated in innate immune responses. STUDY DESIGN: This study was conducted under protocol 01-DC-0229 approved by the NIH Combined Neurosciences IRB. We performed medical and developmental history interviews and physical and audiological examinations of affected individuals with DFNA34 HL caused by the p...
January 16, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325701/developmental-cognitive-neuroscience-using-latent-change-score-models-a-tutorial-and-applications
#10
REVIEW
Rogier A Kievit, Andreas M Brandmaier, Gabriel Ziegler, Anne-Laura van Harmelen, Susanne M M de Mooij, Michael Moutoussis, Ian M Goodyer, Ed Bullmore, Peter B Jones, Peter Fonagy, Ulman Lindenberger, Raymond J Dolan
Assessing and analysing individual differences in change over time is of central scientific importance to developmental neuroscience. However, the literature is based largely on cross-sectional comparisons, which reflect a variety of influences and cannot directly represent change. We advocate using latent change score (LCS) models in longitudinal samples as a statistical framework to tease apart the complex processes underlying lifespan development in brain and behaviour using longitudinal data. LCS models provide a flexible framework that naturally accommodates key developmental questions as model parameters and can even be used, with some limitations, in cases with only two measurement occasions...
November 22, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307548/rigor-and-reproducibility-in-rodent-behavioral-research
#11
Maria Gulinello, Heather A Mitchell, Qiang Chang, W Timothy O'Brien, Zhaolan Zhou, Ted Abel, Li Wang, Joshua G Corbin, Surabi Veeraragavan, Rodney C Samaco, Nick A Andrews, Michela Fagiolini, Toby B Cole, Thomas M Burbacher, Jacqueline N Crawley
Behavioral neuroscience research incorporates the identical high level of meticulous methodologies and exacting attention to detail as all other scientific disciplines. To achieve maximal rigor and reproducibility of findings, well-trained investigators employ a variety of established best practices. Here we explicate some of the requirements for rigorous experimental design and accurate data analysis in conducting mouse and rat behavioral tests. Novel object recognition is used as an example of a cognitive assay which has been conducted successfully with a range of methods, all based on common principles of appropriate procedures, controls, and statistics...
January 4, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301440/advancing-the-understanding-of-progression-in-multiple-sclerosis-an-interview-with-shibeshih-belachew
#12
Shibeshih Belachew
Shibeshih Belachew speaks to Laura Dormer, Commissioning Editor: Dr Shibeshih Belachew, MD, PhD, is a Senior Medical Director for Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Disease Area in Global Product Development Medical Affairs at Roche (Basel, Switzerland). Prior to joining Roche in January 2016, he was Director of MS Franchise and Head of Medical Director's office for Biogen Region Europe and Canada. Previously at Biogen he also served as a Director in Global Neurology for the natalizumab program in Cambridge (MA, USA)...
January 5, 2018: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283631/awards-for-distinguished-scientific-early-career-contributions-to-psychology
#13
(no author information available yet)
The Early Career Awards, given for the first time in 1974, recognize the large number of excellent young psychologists. Recipients of this award may not have held a doctoral degree for more than nine years. For purposes of this award, psychology has been divided into 10 areas: animal learning and behavior, comparative; developmental; health; cognition/human learning; psychopathology; behavioral and cognitive neuroscience; perception/motor performance; social; applied research; and individual differences. Five areas are considered each year, with areas rotated in two-year cycles...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276486/combined-computational-systems-biology-and-computational-neuroscience-approaches-help-develop-of-future-cognitive-developmental-robotics
#14
Faramarz Faghihi, Ahmed A Moustafa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242768/neural-correlates-of-social-influence-on-risk-taking-and-substance-use-in-adolescents
#15
Eva H Telzer, Christina R Rogers, Jorien Van Hoorn
Purpose of Review: Adolescents often engage in elevated levels of risk taking that gives rise to substance use. Family and peers constitute the primary contextual risk factors for adolescent substance use. This report reviews how families and peers influence adolescent neurocognitive development to inform their risk taking and subsequent substance use. Recent Findings: Developmental neuroscience using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has identified regions of the brain involved in social cognition, cognitive control, and reward processing that are integrally linked to social influence on adolescent risk taking...
September 2017: Current Addiction Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215164/magnetically-guided-self-assembly-and-coding-of-3d-living-architectures
#16
Alessandro Tocchio, Naside Gozde Durmus, Kaushik Sridhar, Vigneshwaran Mani, Bukre Coskun, Rami El Assal, Utkan Demirci
In nature, cells self-assemble at the microscale into complex functional configurations. This mechanism is increasingly exploited to assemble biofidelic biological systems in vitro. However, precise coding of 3D multicellular living materials is challenging due to their architectural complexity and spatiotemporal heterogeneity. Therefore, there is an unmet need for an effective assembly method with deterministic control on the biomanufacturing of functional living systems, which can be used to model physiological and pathological behavior...
December 7, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215142/cortical-thickness-resting-state-heart-rate-and-heart-rate-variability-in-female-adolescents
#17
Julian Koenig, Peter Parzer, Corinna Reichl, Ayaka Ando, Julian F Thayer, Romuald Brunner, Michael Kaess
Resting state heart rate variability (HRV) is a psychophysiological marker that has gained increasing research interest, in particular in developmental neuroscience. HRV has been shown to be associated with mental and physical health, beyond simple measures of heart rate (HR) and shows inter- and intraindividual variance across aging. Recently, three studies reported on a positive correlation between resting state HRV and cortical thickness in selected regions of interest (ROIs) in adult samples. Structural thickness, HRV, and HR change during the sensitive period of adolescence...
December 7, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196032/current-methods-and-limitations-for-longitudinal-fmri-analysis-across-development
#18
Tara Madhyastha, Matthew Peverill, Natalie Koh, Connor McCabe, John Flournoy, Kate Mills, Kevin King, Jennifer Pfeifer, Katie A McLaughlin
The human brain is remarkably plastic. The brain changes dramatically across development, with ongoing functional development continuing well into the third decade of life and substantial changes occurring again in older age. Dynamic changes in brain function are thought to underlie the innumerable changes in cognition, emotion, and behavior that occur across development. The brain also changes in response to experience, which raises important questions about how the environment influences the developing brain...
November 22, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177462/cohort-profile-the-nspn-2400-cohort-a-developmental-sample-supporting-the-wellcome-trust-neuroscience-in-psychiatry-network
#19
Beatrix Kiddle, Becky Inkster, Gita Prabhu, Michael Moutoussis, Kirstie J Whitaker, Edward T Bullmore, Raymond J Dolan, Peter Fonagy, Ian M Goodyer, Peter B Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163318/anger-as-a-basic-emotion-and-its-role-in-personality-building-and-pathological-growth-the-neuroscientific-developmental-and-clinical-perspectives
#20
Riccardo Williams
Anger is probably one of the mostly debated basic emotions, owing to difficulties in detecting its appearance during development, its functional and affective meaning (is it a positive or a negative emotion?), especially in human beings. Behaviors accompanied by anger and rage serve many different purposes and the nuances of aggressive behaviors are often defined by the symbolic and cultural framework and social contexts. Nonetheless, recent advances in neuroscientific and developmental research, as well as clinical psychodynamic investigation, afford a new view on the role of anger in informing and guiding many aspects of human conducts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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