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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101111/a-randomized-trial-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-local-endometrial-injury-on-the-clinical-pregnancy-rate-of-frozen-embryo-transfer-cycles-in-patients-with-repeated-implantation-failure
#1
Ensieh Shahrokh-Tehraninejad, Minoo Dashti, Batool Hossein-Rashidi, Elham Azimi-Nekoo, Fedyeh Haghollahi, Vahid Kalantari
Objective: Repeated implantation failure (RIF) is a condition in which the embryos implantation decreases in the endometrium. So, our aim was to evaluate the effect of local endometrial injury on embryo transfer results. Materials and methods: In this simple randomized clinical trial (RCT), a total of 120 patients were selected. The participants were less than 40 years old, and they are in their minimum two cycles of vitro fertilization (IVF). Patients were divided randomly into two groups of LEI (Local endometrial injury) and a control group (n = 60 in each group)...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100242/intraoperative-radiotherapy-in-gynaecological-and-genito-urinary-malignancies-focus-on-endometrial-cervical-renal-bladder-and-prostate-cancers
#2
REVIEW
Marco Krengli, Carla Pisani, Letizia Deantonio, Daniela Surico, Alessandro Volpe, Nicola Surico, Carlo Terrone
Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) refers to the delivery of a single radiation dose to a limited volume of tissue during a surgical procedure. A literature review was performed to analyze the role of IORT in gynaecological and genito-urinary cancer including endometrial, cervical, renal, bladder and prostate cancers.Literature search was performed by Pubmed and Scopus, using the words "intraoperative radiotherapy/IORT", "gynaecological cancer", "uterine/endometrial cancer", "cervical/cervix cancer", "renal/kidney cancer", "bladder cancer" and "prostate cancer"...
January 19, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099710/predictive-value-of-serum-he4-and-ca125-concentrations-for-lymphatic-metastasis-of-endometrial-cancer
#3
Yingmei Wang, Cha Han, Fei Teng, Zhaoyi Bai, Wenyan Tian, Fengxia Xue
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive value of serum HE4 and CA125 concentrations in the preoperative prediction of risk of lymph node metastasis in endometrial cancer. METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken of data for patients with endometrial carcinoma treated surgically at a university hospital in China between August 2011 and December 2015. The preoperative serum levels of HE4 and CA125 were measured and analyzed by clinicopathologic characteristics...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099700/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-comparing-hysteroscopic-morcellation-with-resectoscopy-for-patients-with-endometrial-lesions
#4
REVIEW
Chunbo Li, Zhiyuan Dai, Yuping Gong, Bingying Xie, Bei Wang
BACKGROUND: Results on the efficacy of hysteroscopic morcellation for patients with endometrial lesions remain conflicting. OBJECTIVES: To compare hysteroscopic morcellation with conventional resectoscopy for removal of endometrial lesions. SEARCH STRATEGY: Electronic databases were searched for reports published up to February 1, 2016, using terms such as "morcellator," "morcellators," "morcellate," "morcellation," "morcellated," "hysteroscopy," "hysteroscopy," "uteroscope," and "transcervical...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099694/evaluation-of-sonographic-endometrial-patterns-and-endometrial-thickness-as-predictors-of-ectopic-pregnancy
#5
Poonam Yadav, Anshuja Singla, Anu Sidana, Amita Suneja, Neelam B Vaid
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether endometrial patterns and thickness could be used for the prediction of ectopic pregnancy (EP). METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in a center in India between October 2007 and December 2008. It included 100 women with an early pregnancy confirmed by urine pregnancy testing but for whom an intrauterine gestational sac was not visualized on transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS). The women were divided into an EP group and an intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) group depending on the final diagnosis...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098860/chondroitin-sulfate-proteoglycan-protein-is-stimulated-by-interleukin%C3%A2-11-and-promotes-endometrial-epithelial-cancer-cell-proliferation-and-migration
#6
Amy Winship, Michelle Van Sinderen, Ariella Heffernan-Marks, Eva Dimitriadis
Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecological cancer. We identified interleukin 11 (IL11) as a critical mediator of endometrial tumourigenesis and demonstrated that IL11 regulates chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (CSPG4) in human placental trophoblasts. CSPG4 is a cell membrane protein overexpressed in numerous human cancers, although its role in endometrial cancer has not been investigated. We examined CSPG4 expression and localization in primary human type I endometrioid grade (G) 1-3 tumours by qPCR and immunohistochemistry and determined whether IL11 stimulated CSPG4...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098854/lsd1-sustains-estrogen-driven-endometrial-carcinoma-cell-proliferation-through-the-pi3k-akt-pathway-via-di-demethylating-h3k9-of-cyclin%C3%A2-d1
#7
Chunqin Chen, Yanan Wang, Shiyu Wang, Yuan Liu, Jiawen Zhang, Yuyao Xu, Zhenbo Zhang, Wei Bao, Sufang Wu
A recent study reported that histone lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1, KDM1A) is overexpressed in endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (EEC) and associated with tumor progression as well as poor prognosis. However, the physiological function and mechanism of LSD1 in endometrial cancer (EC) remains largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that β-estradiol (E2) treatment increased LSD1 expression via the GPR30/PI3K/AKT pathway in endometrial cancer cells. Both siGPR30 and the PI3K inhibitor LY294002 block this effect...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096638/coexisting-genital-malignancies-with-tuberculosis-a-case-series-with-review-of-literature
#8
Avantika Gupta, Sangeeta Gupta, Usha Manaktala, Nita Khurana
OBJECTIVE: To study a case series of genital malignancies coexisting with genital tuberculosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series of three cases with known genital malignancies were found to have coexisting genital tuberculosis on subsequent workup. RESULTS: First case was a 45 years old lady who underwent staging laparotomy for ovarian cancer. On histopathology examination, there was coexisting tuberculosis with papillary serous carcinoma. Second case was 53 years old postmenopausal lady who underwent extrafascial hysterectomy along with pelvic lymph node dissection...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095746/targeting-of-herbal-bioactives-through-folate-receptors-a-novel-concept-to-enhance-intracellular-drug-delivery-in-cancer-therapy
#9
Anshita Gupta, Chanchal Deep Kaur, Shailendra Saraf, Swarnlata Saraf
Targeted drug delivery through folate receptor (FR) has emerged as a most biocompatible, target oriented, and non-immunogenic cargoes for the delivery of anticancer drugs. FRs are highly overexpressed in many tumor cells (like ovarian, lung, breast, kidney, brain, endometrial, and colon cancer), and targeting them through conjugates bearing specific ligand with encapsulated nanodrug moiety is undoubtedly, a promising approach toward tumor targeting. Folate, being an endogenous ligand, can be exploited well to affect various cellular events occurring during the progress of tumor, in a more natural and definite way...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093732/long-term-hormone-therapy-for-perimenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women
#10
REVIEW
Jane Marjoribanks, Cindy Farquhar, Helen Roberts, Anne Lethaby, Jasmine Lee
BACKGROUND: Hormone therapy (HT) is widely provided for control of menopausal symptoms and has been used for the management and prevention of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and dementia in older women. This is an updated version of a Cochrane review first published in 2005. OBJECTIVES: To assess effects of long-term HT (at least 1 year's duration) on mortality, cardiovascular outcomes, cancer, gallbladder disease, fracture and cognition in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women during and after cessation of treatment...
January 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093726/a-preoperative-and-intraoperative-scoring-system-to-predict-nodal-metastasis-in-endometrial-cancer
#11
Andressa M S Teixeira, Reitan Ribeiro, Kathleen M Schmeler, Thomas J Herzog, Sergio M Nicolau, Renato M Marques
OBJECTIVE: To develop a scoring system that guides surgical decision-making regarding the need to perform lymphadenectomy. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of patients who underwent complete surgical staging of endometrial cancer between 2003 and 2014 at three centers in Brazil. Preoperative and intraoperative risk factors were used to develop a scoring system to predict lymph node metastasis. RESULTS: Among 329 patients included, 71 (21...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093048/myofibroblasts-are-evidence-of-chronic-tissue-microtrauma-at-the-endometrial-myometrial-junctional-zone-in-uteri-with-adenomyosis
#12
Mohamed Gamal Ibrahim, Martin Sillem, Johanna Plendl, Vito Chiantera, Jalid Sehouli, Sylvia Mechsner
BACKGROUND: Adenomyosis (AM) uteri exhibit hyperperistalsis. The latter causes a chronic tissue trauma at the endometrial-myometrial junctional zone (EMJZ). Upon tissue trauma, microdehiscences in the myometrium facilitate the translocation of basal endometrial fragments into the myometrium. There, a metaplasia (mediated by transforming growth factor β1 [TGFβ1] and connective tissue growth factor [CTGF]) occurs and AM lesions develop. The abundance of myofibroblasts in a tissue hallmarks metaplasia and points to a tissue microtrauma...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092230/octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane-d4
#13
(no author information available yet)
Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4; CAS No. 556-67-2) is used as a monomer in the manufacture of polymeric materials, which are widely used in various industrial and/or medical applications, such as breast implants. D4 has a relatively low order of toxicity following acute administration via the oral, dermal, and inhalation routes of exposure and is not considered to be a dermal or eye irritant or to be a dermal sensitizer. There is no appreciable dermal absorption of D4 based on results from in vivo and in vitro studies...
January 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092229/decamethylcyclopentasiloxane-d5
#14
(no author information available yet)
Decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5; CAS No. 541-02-6) is a precursor in the production of siloxane polymers for industry and medicine and is a carrier ingredient in many toiletries and cosmetics. D5 has a relatively low order of toxicity following acute administration via the oral, dermal, and inhalation routes of exposure. It is not considered to be a dermal or eye irritant or a dermal sensitizer. There is no appreciable dermal absorption of D5 based on results from in vivo and in vitro studies. It has not been shown to be genotoxic/mutagenic when tested in a number of short-term in vitro and in vivo assays and did not cause reproductive or developmental toxicity in rats...
January 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091523/origin-of-anti-tumor-activity-of-the-cysteine-containing-go-peptides-and-further-optimization-of-their-cytotoxic-properties
#15
Irina I Tyuryaeva, Olga G Lyublinskaya, Ivan S Podkorytov, Nikolai R Skrynnikov
Antitumor GO peptides have been designed as dimerization inhibitors of prominent oncoprotein mucin 1. In this study we demonstrate that activity of GO peptides is independent of the level of cellular expression of mucin 1. Furthermore, these peptides prove to be broadly cytotoxic, causing cell death also in normal cells such as dermal fibroblasts and endometrial mesenchymal stem cells. To explore molecular mechanism of their cytotoxicity, we have designed and tested a number of new peptide sequences containing the key CxC or CxxC motifs...
January 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090464/the-efficacy-of-intrauterine-instillation-of-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-in-infertile-women-with-a-thin-endometrium-a-pilot-study
#16
Dayong Lee, Jae Dong Jo, Seul Ki Kim, Byung Chul Jee, Seok Hyun Kim
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the efficacy of intrauterine instillation of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on the day of ovulation triggering or oocyte retrieval in infertile women with a thin endometrium. METHODS: Fifty women whose endometrial thickness (EMT) was ≤8 mm at the time of triggering during at least one previous in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle and an index IVF cycle were selected. On the day of triggering (n=12) or oocyte retrieval (n=38), 300 µg of G-CSF was instilled into the uterine cavity...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090178/median-survival-time-of-endometrial-cancer-patients-with-lymphovascular-invasion-at-the-hospital-universiti-sains-malaysia
#17
Wan Adnan Wan Nor Asyikeen, Ab Hamid Siti-Azrin, Nur Asyilla Che Jalil, Anani Aila Mat Zin, Nor Hayati Othman
BACKGROUND: Endometrial cancer is the most common gynaecologic malignancy among females worldwide. The purpose of this study was to determine the median survival time of endometrial cancer patients at the Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM). METHODS: A list of 121 endometrial cancer cases registered at Hospital USM between 2000 until 2011 was retrospectively reviewed. The survival time of the endometrial cancer patients was estimated by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis...
November 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089717/persistent-organic-pollutants-pops-in-human-follicular-fluid-and-in-vitro-fertilization-outcomes-a-pilot-study
#18
Michael S Bloom, Victor Y Fujimoto, Robin Storm, Li Zhang, Celeste D Butts, Diana Sollohub, Robert L Jansing
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are ubiquitously distributed among the U.S. population and adversely impact human reproduction. These compounds have been detected in human ovarian follicular fluid (FF), where they directly contact a developing oocyte. As a pilot investigation, we measured 43 polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners, p,p'-dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), and its persistent metabolite p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) in residual FF collected from 32 women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF)...
January 9, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088786/ezh2-inhibition-suppresses-endometrial-cancer-progression-via-mir-361-twist-axis
#19
Kei Ihira, Peixin Dong, Ying Xiong, Hidemichi Watari, Yosuke Konno, Sharon Jb Hanley, Masayuki Noguchi, Noriyuki Hirata, Futoshi Suizu, Takahiro Yamada, Masataka Kudo, Noriaki Sakuragi
EZH2 inhibition and reactivation of tumor suppressor microRNAs (miRNAs) represent attractive anti-cancer therapeutic strategies. We found that EZH2-suppressed let 7b and miR-361, two likely tumor suppressors, inhibited endometrial cancer (EC) cell proliferation and invasion, and abrogated cancer stem cell-like properties. In EC cells, EZH2 induced and functioned together with YY1 to epigenetically suppress miR-361, which upregulated Twist, a direct target of miR-361. Treating EC cells with GSK343, a specific EZH2 inhibitor, mimicked the effects of siRNA-mediated EZH2 knockdown, upregulating miR-361 and downregulating Twist expression...
January 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088687/whole-genome-dna-methylation-profiling-identifies-epigenetic-signatures-of-uterine-carcinosarcoma
#20
Jing Li, Xiaoyun Xing, Daofeng Li, Bo Zhang, David G Mutch, Ian S Hagemann, Ting Wang
Uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS) is a form of endometrial cancer simultaneously exhibiting carcinomatous and sarcomatous elements, but the underlying molecular and epigenetic basis of this disease is poorly understood. We generated complete DNA methylomes for both the carcinomatous and the sarcomatous components of three UCS samples separated by laser capture microdissection and compared DNA methylomes of UCS with those of normal endometrium as well as methylomes derived from endometrioid carcinoma, serous endometrial carcinoma, and endometrial stromal sarcoma...
January 12, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
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