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Child developmental outcomes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332265/review-of-a-parent-s-influence-on-pediatric-procedural-distress-and-recovery
#1
REVIEW
Erin A Brown, Alexandra De Young, Roy Kimble, Justin Kenardy
Understanding how parents influence their child's medical procedures can inform future work to reduce pediatric procedural distress and improve recovery outcomes. Following a pediatric injury or illness diagnosis, the associated medical procedures can be potentially traumatic events that are often painful and distressing and can lead to the child experiencing long-term physical and psychological problems. Children under 6 years old are particularly at risk of illness or injury, yet their pain-related distress during medical procedures is often difficult to manage because of their young developmental level...
January 13, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331695/depression-and-playfulness-in-fathers-and-young-infants-a-matched-design-comparison-study
#2
Vaheshta Sethna, Lynne Murray, Olivia Edmondson, Jane Iles, Paul G Ramchandani
BACKGROUND: Depression in fathers in the postnatal period is associated with an increased risk of some adverse child developmental outcomes. One possible mechanism for the familial transmission of risk is through the negative effects of depression on parenting and the parent-child relationship. So far, evidence indicates that depressed fathers tend to be more withdrawn in their early interactions. However, the interaction dimensions studied to date may not be able to detect and accurately classify unique features of father-infant play - including physically stimulating and highly rousing episodes of play...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322385/associations-between-resilience-and-the-well-being-of-mothers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-other-developmental-disabilities
#3
Elizabeth Halstead, Naomi Ekas, Richard P Hastings, Gemma M Griffith
There is variability in the extent to which mothers are affected by the behavior problems of their children with developmental disabilities (DD). We explore whether maternal resilience functions as a protective or compensatory factor. In Studies 1 and 2, using moderated multiple regression models, we found evidence that maternal resilience functioned as a compensatory factor-having a significant independent main effect relationship with well-being outcomes in mothers of children with DD and autism spectrum disorder...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315939/the-quality-of-life-of-children-with-severe-developmental-disabilities
#4
B L Ncube, A Perry, J A Weiss
BACKGROUND: Research examining the quality of life (QoL) of children with severe developmental disabilities (SDD) is limited. The present study examines parent perceptions of child QoL in children with SDD compared with typically developing (TD) children and then examines predictors of QoL for the SDD group. METHOD: Parents of 246 children with SDD (aged 4 to 19 years) and 210 TD children (aged 4 to 18 years) responded to an online survey. QoL was measured using a composite variable composed of the child's happiness, achievement of potential and friendship quality...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313710/long-term-outcomes-after-protocolized-sedation-vs-usual-care-in-ventilated-pediatric-patients
#5
R Scott Watson, Lisa A Asaro, James H Hertzog, Lauren R Sorce, Alicia G Kachmar, Leslie A Dervan, Derek C Angus, David Wypij, Martha A Q Curley
RATIONALE: Whether a nurse-implemented goal-directed sedation protocol resulting in more awake yet calm intubated children affects post-discharge functional status, health-related quality of life, or risk for post-traumatic stress disorder is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To compare post-discharge outcomes in children with acute respiratory failure cluster randomized to a sedation protocol or usual care. METHODS: A stratified random sample of 1360 patients from 31 centers in the Randomized Evaluation of Sedation Titration for Respiratory Failure trial was assessed by mail, electronically, and/or telephone six months after intensive care unit discharge...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302321/developmental-and-behavioural-problems-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-malawi-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Meta van den Heuvel, Wieger Voskuijl, Kate Chidzalo, Marko Kerac, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Robert Bandsma, Melissa Gladstone
Background: Early childhood development provides an important foundation for the development of human capital. Although there is a clear relation between stunting and child development outcomes, less information is available about the developmental and behavioural outcomes of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Particularly an important research gap exists in Sub-Saharan Africa where there is a high prevalence of SAM and a high rate of co-occurring HIV (human immune deficiency virus) infection...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301911/neonatal-morbidity-at-term-early-child-development-and-school-performance-a-population-study
#7
Jason P Bentley, Francisco J Schneuer, Samantha J Lain, Andrew J Martin, Adrienne Gordon, Natasha Nassar
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the association between severe neonatal morbidity (SNM) and child development and school performance among term infants. METHODS: The study population included term infants without major congenital conditions born between 2000 and 2007 in New South Wales, Australia, with a linked record of developmental assessment at ages 4 to 6 years in 2009 or 2012 (n = 144 535) or school performance at ages 7 to 9 years from 2009 to 2014 (n = 253 447)...
January 4, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294721/developmental-timing-of-childhood-physical-and-sexual-maltreatment-predicts-adult-depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#8
Jessica Jaye Capretto
Child physical and sexual maltreatment have emerged as documented risk factors for a wide range of health problems in adulthood, including depression and post-traumatic stress symptoms. Prior research focuses on generalized childhood adversities without accounting for how different critical details about the maltreatment may affect outcomes in adulthood. The present study examines the impact of two critical details, timing and type of child maltreatment, on depression and post-traumatic stress symptoms in adulthood...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290407/expanding-access-to-clinical-services-for-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#9
Therese L Mathews, Ashley M Lugo, Melissa L King, Laura L Needelman, Paige E McArdle, Natalie Romer, Megan Terry, Kathryn Menousek, Joseph H Evans, William J Higgins
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder typically diagnosed in the toddler and preschool years. Intensive early intervention (EI) using applied behavior analytic procedures is the evidenced-based intervention most effective in improving developmental outcomes. Unfortunately, there are numerous barriers to accessing EI services for toddlers with ASD. This article addresses (a) the process of developing an EI program using primarily applied behavior analytic services with multidisciplinary health care providers, (b) a description of the service delivery provided, (c) educational and training programs to increase qualified staff, and (d) advocacy efforts to improve community capacity...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284713/effects-of-parenting-interventions-for-at-risk-parents-with-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#10
Signe B Rayce, Ida S Rasmussen, Sihu K Klest, Joshua Patras, Maiken Pontoppidan
OBJECTIVES: Infancy is a critical stage of life, and a secure relationship with caring and responsive caregivers is crucial for healthy infant development. Early parenting interventions aim to support families in which infants are at risk of developmental harm. Our objective is to systematically review the effects of parenting interventions on child development and on parent-child relationship for at-risk families with infants aged 0-12 months. DESIGN: This is a systematic review and meta-analyses...
December 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280527/the-effects-of-superovulation-and-reproductive-aging-on-the-epigenome-of-the-oocyte-and-embryo
#11
REVIEW
Kira Lynn Marshall, Rocío Melissa Rivera
A societal preference of delaying maternal age at first childbirth has increased reliance on assisted reproductive technologies/therapies (ART) to conceive a child. Oocytes that have undergone physiologic aging (≥35 years for humans) are now commonly used for ART, yet evidence is building that suboptimal reproductive environments associated with aging negatively affect oocyte competence and embryo development - although the mechanisms underlying these relationship are not yet well understood. Epigenetic programming of the oocyte occurs during its growth within a follicle, so the ovarian stimulation protocols that administer exogenous hormones, as part of the first step for all ART procedures, may prevent the gamete from establishing an appropriate epigenetic state...
December 27, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276870/the-long-term-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-infants-born-full-term-with-low-birth-weight
#12
Ayşe Tosun, Börte Gürbüz-Özgür, Hatice Aksu, Münevver Kaynak-Türkmen
Tosun A, Gürbüz-Özgür B, Aksu H, Kaynak-Türkmen M. The long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants born full-term with low birth weight. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 169-176. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the neurological developments of pre-school or school-aged children together with their school successes, intelligence quotient and symptom severity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder who were born at the 37th gestational week and above with birth weights below tenth percentile, which is called small for gestational age (SGA)...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251835/child-and-family-characteristics-moderate-agreement-between-caregiver-and-clinician-report-of-autism-symptoms
#13
Emily Neuhaus, Theodore P Beauchaine, Raphael A Bernier, Sara J Webb
Rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and age at first diagnosis vary considerably across the United States and are moderated by children's sex, race, ethnicity, and availability of services. We additionally suggest that degree of caregiver-clinician agreement on ASD symptoms may play a role in ASD assessment. Since gold standard ASD assessment integrates caregiver-reported developmental history with clinician observations, differential agreement between reporters across demographic groups may contribute to a host of detrimental outcomes...
December 18, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248865/prenatal-particulate-matter-exposure-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-at-the-maternal-fetal-interface-effect-modification-by-maternal-lifetime-trauma-and-child-sex
#14
Kelly J Brunst, Marco Sanchez-Guerra, Yueh-Hsiu Mathilda Chiu, Ander Wilson, Brent A Coull, Itai Kloog, Joel Schwartz, Kasey J Brennan, Michelle Bosquet Enlow, Robert O Wright, Andrea A Baccarelli, Rosalind J Wright
BACKGROUND: Prenatal ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and maternal chronic psychosocial stress have independently been linked to changes in mithochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn), a marker of mitochondrial response and dysfunction. Further, overlapping research shows sex-specific effects of PM2.5 and stress on developmental outcomes. Interactions among PM2.5, maternal stress, and child sex have not been examined in this context. METHODS: We examined associations among exposure to prenatal PM2...
December 14, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248033/practicing-safety-a-quality-improvement-intervention-to-test-tools-to-enhance-pediatric-psychosocial-care-for-children-0-3-years
#15
Diane J Abatemarco, Ruth S Gubernick, Marianna D LaNoue, Ryan T Pohlig, Sara R Slovin, Jill A Healy, Steven Kairys
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is a significant public health issue in the United States. Yet, fewer than half of pediatricians discuss behavioral, developmental, or parenting issues with parents. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the testing of bundles of tools and processes, part of a larger intervention, Practicing Safety, targeted at changing physician and staff behavior to identify families at risk for child maltreatment, provide anticipatory guidance, refer to community resources, and follow-up and track at-risk families...
December 18, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245140/school-readiness-of-maltreated-children-associations-of-timing-type-and-chronicity-of-maltreatment
#16
Megan F Bell, Donna M Bayliss, Rebecca Glauert, Jeneva L Ohan
Children who have been maltreated during early childhood may experience a difficult transition into fulltime schooling, due to maladaptive development of the skills and abilities that are important for positive school adaptation. An understanding of how different dimensions of maltreatment relate to children's school readiness is important for informing appropriate supports for maltreated children. In this study, the Australian Early Development Census scores of 19,203 children were linked to information on child maltreatment allegations (substantiated and unsubstantiated), including the type of alleged maltreatment, the timing of the allegation (infancy-toddlerhood or preschool), and the total number of allegations (chronicity)...
December 11, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244620/calming-cycle-theory-and-the-co-regulation-of-oxytocin
#17
Martha G Welch, Robert J Ludwig
The biological functions of oxytocin in attachment and bonding between mother and infant in parturition and breastfeeding and between adults have been studied extensively. However, most current authors have proposed that infant attachment to the mother is learned through operant conditioning mechanisms via the infant's brain and central nervous system. We propose that oxytocin levels in the mother and infant are co-regulated by emotional connection or disconnection, and that the autonomic co-conditioning learning mechanism can be exploited to change a negative physiological and behavioral response between mother and infant into a positive one...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230307/who-parents-skills-training-pst-programme-for-children-with-developmental-disorders-and-delays-delivered-by-family-volunteers-in-rural-pakistan-study-protocol-for-effectiveness-implementation-hybrid-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
S U Hamdani, P Akhtar, Zill-E-Huma, H Nazir, F A Minhas, S Sikander, D Wang, C Servilli, A Rahman
Background: Development disorders and delays are recognised as a public health priority and included in the WHO mental health gap action programme (mhGAP). Parents Skills Training (PST) is recommended as a key intervention for such conditions under the WHO mhGAP intervention guide. However, sustainable and scalable delivery of such evidence based interventions remains a challenge. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and scaled-up implementation of locally adapted WHO PST programme delivered by family volunteers in rural Pakistan...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219962/predictors-of-long-term-neurological-outcomes-in-non-accidental-head-injury
#19
C F Chong, S L Misra, J A Escardo-Paton, S Dai
BackgroundNon-accidental head injury (NAI) is an inflicted injury usually on a child, often resulting in long-term neurological impairment and occasionally death. This study aimed to investigate the predictive values of acute findings, especially ocular, for long-term neurological outcomes.MethodsMedical records including retinal images of all children who attended the local Children's hospital with a diagnosis of NAI from over a period of 5 years were reviewed and data collected via the electronic patient record system...
December 8, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218767/maternal-communicative-behaviours-and-interaction-quality-as-predictors-of-language-development-findings-from-a-community-based-study-of-slow-to-talk-toddlers
#20
Laura J Conway, Penny A Levickis, Jodie Smith, Fiona Mensah, Melissa Wake, Sheena Reilly
BACKGROUND: Identifying risk and protective factors for language development informs interventions for children with developmental language disorder (DLD). Maternal responsive and intrusive communicative behaviours are associated with language development. Mother-child interaction quality may influence how children use these behaviours in language learning. AIMS: To identify (1) communicative behaviours and interaction quality associated with language outcomes; (2) whether the association between a maternal intrusive behaviour (directive) and child language scores changed alongside a maternal responsive behaviour (expansion); and (3) whether interaction quality modified these associations...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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