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Child developmental outcomes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770998/maternal-depressive-symptoms-are-negatively-associated-with-child-growth-and-development-evidence-from-rural-india
#1
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Jed Friedman, Mohini Kak, Purnima Menon, Harold Alderman
Maternal depression has been suggested as a risk factor for both poor child growth and development in many low- and middle-income countries, but the validity of many studies is hindered by small sample sizes, varying cut-offs used in depression diagnostics, and incomplete control of confounding factors. This study examines the association between maternal depressive symptoms (MDSs) and child physical growth and cognitive development in Madhya Pradesh, India, where poverty, malnutrition, and poor mental health coexist...
May 17, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763417/meta-analyses-of-individual-versus-group-interventions-for-pre-school-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#2
Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Celine Miyazaki, Masashi Mikami, Erika Ota, Rintaro Mori, Yeonhee Hwang, Akiko Terasaka, Eriko Kobayashi, Yoko Kamio
There is little evidence regarding the effects of individual and group intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) on important outcomes. We performed meta-analyses using a random effects model to investigate the effectiveness of the individual and group intervention studies and to compare the effectiveness of these two types if possible. The main analysis which excluded studies at a high risk of bias (Analysis I) included 14 randomised controlled trials targeting children with ASD≤6 years of age (594 children)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761836/acceptability-and-caregiver-reported-outcomes-for-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-whose-parents-attended-a-preventative-population-based-intervention-for-anxiety-a-pilot-study
#3
Natalie L Bischof, Ronald M Rapee, Kristelle Hudry, Jordana K Bayer
This pilot study explored acceptability to parents and outcomes for children of a preventive intervention for anxiety problems in pre-schoolers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who were an identified sub-group within a population-based randomised trial of the Cool Little Kids parenting group programme. The population trial included 545 temperamentally inhibited pre-schoolers recruited across eight economically diverse areas of Melbourne, Australia. Within this sample, 26 parents reported that their child had received an ASD diagnosis...
May 15, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760810/dna-methylation-and-socioeconomic-status-in-a-mexican-american-birth-cohort
#4
Eric S Coker, Robert Gunier, Karen Huen, Nina Holland, Brenda Eskenazi
Background: Maternal social environmental stressors during pregnancy are associated with adverse birth and child developmental outcomes, and epigenetics has been proposed as a possible mechanism for such relationships. Methods: In a Mexican-American birth cohort of 241 maternal-infant pairs, cord blood samples were measured for repeat element DNA methylation ( LINE-1 and Alu ). Linear mixed effects regression was used to model associations between indicators of the social environment (low household income and education, neighborhood-level characteristics) and repeat element methylation...
2018: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753322/clinical-outcomes-of-interactive-intensive-and-individual-3i-play-therapy-for-children-with-asd-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#5
Elodie Tilmont Pittala, Yann Saint-Georges-Chaumet, Claire Favrot, Antoine Tanet, David Cohen, Catherine Saint-Georges
BACKGROUND: The outcomes of psycho-educational interventions for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) comorbid with severe to moderate intellectual disability (ID) are insufficiently documented. In this prospective study, we examined a developmental individual, interactive and intensive approach, called the '3i method', which is based on play therapy. METHODS: Twenty DSM-IV-TR ASD subjects (mean chronological age 63.8 ± 37.8 months; mean developmental age 19.5 ± 6...
May 12, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750338/influence-of-contraindicated-medication-use-on-cognitive-outcome-in-dravet-syndrome-and-age-at-first-afebrile-seizure-as-a-clinical-predictor-in-scn1a-related-seizure-phenotypes
#6
Iris M de Lange, Boudewijn Gunning, Anja C M Sonsma, Lisette van Gemert, Marjan van Kempen, Nienke E Verbeek, Joost Nicolai, Nine V A M Knoers, Bobby P C Koeleman, Eva H Brilstra
OBJECTIVE: Pathogenic variants in SCN1A can give rise to extremely variable disease severities that may be indistinguishable at their first presentation. We aim to find clinical features that can help predict the evolution of seizures into Dravet syndrome and clinical features that predict cognitive outcome in Dravet syndrome. We specifically investigate the role of contraindicated medication (CIM) as a possible modifier of cognitive decline. METHODS: A cohort of 164 Dutch participants with SCN1A-related seizures was evaluated...
May 11, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737006/spouses-prenatal-autonomous-motivation-to-have-a-child-and-postpartum-depression-symptoms
#7
Nachoum Reut, Yaniv Kanat-Maymon
OBJECTIVES: Maternal postpartum depression symptoms (PDS) are linked with negative personal, family, and child developmental outcomes. However, paternal PDS, let alone dyadic process, are understudied. Grounded in the Self-Determination Theory of motivation, this longitudinal study examined whether mothers' and fathers' type of prenatal motivation to have a child predicted depression symptoms 3-6 months after birth. METHOD: The data (N = 90 heterosexual couples) were analyzed using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731104/parenting-and-salience-network-connectivity-among-african-americans-a-protective-pathway-for-health-risk-behaviors
#8
Christopher J Holmes, Allen W Barton, James MacKillop, Adriana Galván, Max M Owens, Michael J McCormick, Tianyi Yu, Steven R H Beach, Gene H Brody, Lawrence H Sweet
BACKGROUND: Supportive parenting during childhood has been associated with many positive developmental outcomes for offspring in adulthood, including fewer health-risk behaviors. Little is known about the neural mechanisms underlying these associations. METHODS: The present study followed rural African Americans (n = 91, 52% female) from late childhood (11-13 years of age) to emerging adulthood (25 years of age). Parent-child communication was assessed at 11, 12, and 13 years of age...
March 20, 2018: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728757/recurrent-meningitis-in-children-etiologies-outcome-and-lessons-to-learn
#9
Amira Masri, Abeer Alassaf, Najwa Khuri-Bulos, Imad Zaq, Azmy Hadidy, Faris G Bakri
PURPOSE: Recurrent meningitis in children is a rare condition. However, its early recognition is important in order to prevent serious complications. This study aims to review cases of recurrent meningitis in children. METHODS: This is a retrospective study that included children diagnosed with recurrent meningitis and who were followed at child neurology clinic at the Jordan University Hospital from January 2001 to June 2017. RESULTS: Thirteen patients were included (nine males and four females)...
May 4, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728160/comparison-of-the-reynell-developmental-language-scale-ii-and-the-galker-test-of-word-recognition-in-noise-in-danish-day-care-children
#10
Jørgen Lous, Maj-Britt Glenn Lauritsen
OBJECTIVE: To search for predictive factors for language development measured by two receptive language tests for children, the Galker test (a word-recognition-in-noise test) testing hearing and vocabulary, and the Danish version of Reynell Developmental Language Scale (2nd revision, RDLS II) test, a language comprehension test. The study analysed if information about background variables and parents and pre-school teachers was predictive for test scores; if earlier middle ear disease, actual hearing loss and tympanometry was important for language development; and if the two receptive tests differed in terms of the degree to which variables were able to predict test scores at the age of three to five years...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726749/international-variation-in-programmes-for-assessment-of-children-s-neurodevelopment-in-the-community-understanding-disparate-approaches-to-evaluation-of-motor-social-emotional-behavioural-and-cognitive-function
#11
Philip Wilson, Rachael Wood, Kirsten Lykke, Anette Hauskov Graungaard, Ruth Kirk Ertmann, Merethe Kirstine Andersen, Ole Rikard Haavet, Per Lagerløv, Eirik Abildsnes, Mina P Dahli, Marjukka Mäkelä, Aleksi Varinen, Merja Hietanen
BACKGROUND: Few areas of medicine demonstrate such international divergence as child development screening and surveillance. Many countries have nationally mandated surveillance policies, but the content of programmes and mechanisms for delivery vary enormously. The cost of programmes is substantial but no economic evaluations have been carried out. We have critically examined the history, underlying philosophy, content and delivery of programmes for child development assessment in five countries with comprehensive publicly funded health services (Denmark, Finland, Norway, Scotland and Sweden)...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725927/how-to-establish-a-successful-bowel-management-programme-in-children-a-tertiary-paediatric-centre-experience
#12
Ann M Costigan, Stephanie Orr, Abdulrahman E Alshafei, Brice A Antao
BACKGROUND: Bowel management is a term used to describe a medical approach to the management of faecal incontinence. AIMS: To present the outcomes of an individualised bowel management programme developed by a tertiary paediatric centre and evaluate contributory factors for successful bowel management in children. METHODS: A retrospective review of children attending a bowel management clinic in a tertiary centre in Dublin, Ireland, over 5 years (2010-2015)...
May 3, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723752/prenatal-lead-cadmium-and-mercury-exposure-and-associations-with-motor-skills-at-age-7-years-in-a-uk-observational-birth-cohort
#13
Caroline M Taylor, Alan M Emond, Raghu Lingam, Jean Golding
BACKGROUND: Lead and mercury are freely transferred across the placenta, while cadmium tends to accumulate in the placenta. Each contributes to adverse neurological outcomes for the child. Although prenatal heavy metal exposure has been linked with an array of neurodevelopmental outcomes in childhood, its association with the development of motor skills in children has not been robustly studied. AIMS/OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between prenatal exposure to lead, cadmium and mercury, measured as maternal blood concentrations during pregnancy, and motor skills, measured as subtests of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (Movement ABC) at age 7 years in a large sample of mother-child pairs enrolled in a UK observational birth cohort study (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, ALSPAC)...
April 30, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720124/ehls-at-school-school-age-follow-up-of-the-early-home-learning-study-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Elizabeth M Westrupp, Clair Bennett, Meabh Cullinane, Naomi J Hackworth, Donna Berthelsen, Sheena Reilly, Fiona K Mensah, Lisa Gold, Shannon K Bennetts, Penny Levickis, Jan M Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Targeted interventions during early childhood can assist families in providing strong foundations that promote children's health and wellbeing across the life course. There is growing recognition that longer follow-up times are necessary to assess intervention outcomes, as effects may change as children develop. The Early Home Learning Study, or 'EHLS', comprised two cluster randomized controlled superiority trials of a brief parenting intervention, smalltalk, aimed at supporting parents to strengthen the early childhood home learning environment of infants (6-12 months) or toddlers (12-36 months)...
May 2, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718535/vigilant-attention-to-threat-sleep-patterns-and-anxiety-in-peripubertal-youth
#15
Emily J Ricketts, Rebecca B Price, Greg J Siegle, Jennifer S Silk, Erika E Forbes, Cecile D Ladouceur, Allison G Harvey, Neal D Ryan, Ronald E Dahl, Dana L McMakin
BACKGROUND: Vigilant attention to threat is commonly observed in anxiety, undergoes developmental changes in early adolescence, and has been proposed to interfere with sleep initiation and maintenance. We present one of the first studies to use objective measures to examine associations between vigilant attention to threat and difficulties initiating and maintaining sleep in an early adolescent anxious sample. We also explore the moderating role of development (age, puberty) and sex. METHODS: Participants were 66 peripubertal youth (ages 9-14) with a primary anxiety disorder and 24 healthy control subjects...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708013/factors-influencing-the-prevalence-of-animal-cruelty-during-adolescence
#16
M Connor, C Currie, A B Lawrence
Adolescents' interactions with animals are of increasing interest and their beneficial developmental outcomes are well known. However, negative interactions such as perpetrating cruelty toward animals during childhood and adolescence have been related with child abuse, domestic violence, and later interpersonal violence. Cruelty toward animals by adolescents has been reported predominately in criminal and clinical samples, and links have been made between animal cruelty and interpersonal violence. However, studies often lack a clear definition of animal cruelty and the animal involved...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706163/irritability-trajectories-cortical-thickness-and-clinical-outcomes-in-a-sample-enriched-for-preschool-depression
#17
David Pagliaccio, Daniel S Pine, Deanna M Barch, Joan L Luby, Ellen Leibenluft
OBJECTIVE: Cross-sectional, longitudinal, and genetic associations exist between irritability and depression. Prior studies have examined developmental trajectories of irritability, clinical outcomes, and associations with child and familial depression. However, studies have not integrated neurobiological measures. The present study examined developmental trajectories of irritability, clinical outcomes, and cortical structure among preschoolers oversampled for depressive symptoms. METHOD: Beginning at 3 to 5 years old, a sample of 271 children enriched for early depressive symptoms were assessed longitudinally by clinical interview...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705692/prenatal-and-childhood-exposure-to-per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-pfass-and-child-cognition
#18
Maria H Harris, Emily Oken, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Antonia M Calafat, Xiaoyun Ye, David C Bellinger, Thomas F Webster, Roberta F White, Sharon K Sagiv
BACKGROUND: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are suspected developmental toxicants, but epidemiological evidence on neurodevelopmental effects of PFAS exposure is inconsistent. We examined associations of prenatal and childhood PFAS exposure with performance on assessments of cognition in children. METHODS: We included mother-child pairs from Project Viva, a longitudinal Boston-area birth cohort enrolled during 1999-2002. We quantified concentrations of eight PFASs, including perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), and perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), in plasma collected from women during pregnancy (median 9...
April 26, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705117/parental-perspectives-regarding-outcomes-of-very-preterm-infants-toward-a-balanced-approach
#19
Magdalena Jaworski, Annie Janvier, Francine Lefebvre, Thuy Mai Luu
OBJECTIVES: To explore parental perspectives regarding their preterm child at 18 months corrected age and to investigate whether reported answers correlate with level of neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) as defined by clinicians. We hypothesized that parents would report more negative concerns with increasing level of NDI. STUDY DESIGN: This study included 190 infants born <29 weeks of gestational age in 2009-2012 at 1 tertiary university health center. Infants underwent detailed developmental assessment at 18 months corrected age, and were classified into either absence or presence of mild to moderate or severe NDI...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701278/the-impact-of-general-anesthesia-on-child-development-and-school-performance-a-population-based-study
#20
Francisco J Schneuer, Jason P Bentley, Andrew J Davidson, Andrew Ja Holland, Nadia Badawi, Andrew J Martin, Justin Skowno, Samantha J Lain, Natasha Nassar
BACKGROUND: There has been considerable interest in the possible adverse neurocognitive effects of exposure to general anesthesia and surgery in early childhood. AIMS: The aim of this data linkage study was to investigate developmental and school performance outcomes of children undergoing procedures requiring general anesthesia in early childhood. METHODS: We included children born in New South Wales, Australia of 37+ weeks' gestation without major congenital anomalies or neurodevelopmental disability with either a school entry developmental assessment in 2009, 2012, or Grade-3 school test results in 2008-2014...
April 27, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
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