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Child developmental outcomes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628899/correlates-of-child-abuse-potential-among-african-american-and-latina-mothers-a-developmental-ecological-perspective
#1
Adriana Espinosa, Lesia M Ruglass, Naomi Dambreville, Alina Shevorykin, Ron Nicholson, Kelly M Sykes
The child victimization rate in the US has rapidly grown over the past five years. Today, nine out of every 1000 children are victims of some type of child maltreatment, and lifetime costs of child victimization exceed $100 billion per year. Effective policies promoting fairness and child safety must target the most salient indicators of child maltreatment. In this study, we examined three groups of risk factors for child abuse potential with the goal of identifying the most prominent indicators in a sample of 170 African-American and Latina mothers...
June 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622589/improving-outcomes-for-babies-and-toddlers-in-child-welfare-a-model-for-infant-mental-health-intervention-and-collaboration
#2
Susan Chinitz, Hazel Guzman, Ellen Amstutz, Joaniko Kohchi, Miriam Alkon
Children under three comprise a sizable and growing proportion of foster care placements. Very young children who enter the child welfare system experience disruptions of critical attachments that are essential to this formative stage of brain development, as well as other traumatic events, leaving them at great risk for lifelong impairments. To reverse these concerning outcomes, babies who have been removed from their homes require intensive, relationship-based interventions that promote secure attachment to a primary caregiver and holistic attention the child's developmental needs...
June 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617939/commentary-on-cross-cultural-perspectives-on-positive-youth-development-with-implications-for-intervention-research
#3
Silvia H Koller, Suman Verma
There is a growing focus on youth positive development issues among researchers and practitioners around the world. In this special issue of Child Development, each of the international authors provides new perspectives and understanding about youth developmental assets in different cultural settings. The present commentary (a) examines some of the cross-cultural themes that emerge from the four articles by international authors in this issue with implications for positive youth development (PYD) and (b) how intervention science can benefit by incorporating a PYD approach...
June 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617820/defining-health-related-quality-of-life-for-young-wheelchair-users-a-qualitative-health-economics-study
#4
Nathan Bray, Jane Noyes, Nigel Harris, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards
BACKGROUND: Wheelchairs for children with impaired mobility provide health, developmental and psychosocial benefits, however there is limited understanding of how mobility aids affect the health-related quality of life of children with impaired mobility. Preference-based health-related quality of life outcome measures are used to calculate quality-adjusted life years; an important concept in health economics. The aim of this research was to understand how young wheelchair users and their parents define health-related quality of life in relation to mobility impairment and wheelchair use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617048/developmental-patterns-of-child-emotion-dysregulation-as-predicted-by-serotonin-transporter-genotype-and-parenting
#5
Amanda N Noroña, Irene Tung, Steve S Lee, Jan Blacher, Keith A Crnic, Bruce L Baker
Individual differences in emotion regulation are central to social, academic, occupational, and psychological development, and emotion dysregulation (ED) in childhood is a risk factor for numerous developmental outcomes. The present study aimed to (a) describe the developmental trajectory of ED across early childhood (3-6 years) and (b) examine its sensitivity to youth serotonin transporter genotype, positive and negative parenting behaviors, and their interaction. Participants were 99 families in the Collaborative Family Study, a longitudinal study of children with or without developmental delays...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614480/-child-development-in-poor-areas-of-peru
#6
Adrián Alberto Díaz, Jorge Bacallao Gallestey, Rocío Vargas-Machuca, Roxana Aguilar Velarde
Objectives: The objective of the study was to demonstrate the influence of several socioeconomic factors on the motor and language development of children under 5 from the baseline study conducted within the framework of the Joint Program for Children, Food Security, and Nutrition, implemented by five United Nations agencies across 65 districts in the departments of Loreto, Ayacucho, Huancavelica, and Apurímac, Peru. Methods: Dichotomous logistic regression models were used to estimate the likelihood of achievement of motor and language milestones, while polynomial regression models were used to estimate the last milestone achieved and the number of milestones achieved...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614354/maternal-prenatal-anxiety-and-child-comt-genotype-predict-working-memory-and-symptoms-of-adhd
#7
Kieran J O'Donnell, Vivette Glover, Jari Lahti, Marius Lahti, Rachel D Edgar, Katri Räikkönen, Thomas G O'Connor
Maternal prenatal anxiety is an important risk factor for altered child neurodevelopment but there is uncertainty concerning the biological mechanisms involved and sources of individual differences in children's responses. We sought to determine the role of functional genetic variation in COMT, which encodes catechol-O-methyltransferase, in the association between maternal prenatal anxiety and child symptoms of ADHD and working memory. We used the prospectively-designed ALSPAC cohort (n = 6,969) for our primary data analyses followed by replication analyses in the PREDO cohort (n = 425)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601985/poor-early-childhood-outcomes-attributable-to-maternal-depression-in-mexican-women
#8
Filipa de Castro, Jean Marie Place, Aremis Villalobos, Rosalba Rojas, Tonatiuh Barrientos, Edward A Frongillo
We aimed to estimate the population fraction of poor early child health and developmental outcomes attributable to maternal depressive symptoms (DS) contrasting it between low- and middle/high-income households. We used a nationally representative probabilistic sample of 4240 children younger than 5 years old and their mothers, derived from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey Data (ENSANUT 2012). Complex survey design, sampling, and analytic weights were taken into account in analyses. DS was measured by CESD-7...
June 10, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601690/parental-adhd-symptoms-and-parenting-behaviors-a-meta-analytic-review
#9
REVIEW
Joanne L Park, Kristen L Hudec, Charlotte Johnston
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) persists throughout the lifespan, and there are known impairments associated with adult ADHD. Understanding ADHD-related impairments in the parenting domain is particularly important given that the children of adults with ADHD also are likely to have ADHD, and there is potential for parenting to alter the developmental outcomes of these children. The present study quantitatively synthesizes evidence regarding the associations between parental ADHD symptoms and parenting behaviors...
May 29, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600842/a-scoping-review-of-epidemiologic-risk-factors-for-pediatric-obesity-implications-for-future-childhood-obesity-and-dental-caries-prevention-research
#10
Donald L Chi, Monique Luu, Frances Chu
RESEARCH QUESTIONS: What are the non-modifiable (socioeconomic, genetic) and modifiable factors (physical activity, dietary behaviors) related to childhood (under age 12) obesity? How can this knowledge be applied to oral health professionals' efforts to prevent or manage dental caries in children? OBJECTIVES: Studies have identified risk factors for childhood obesity. The purpose of this scoping review was to develop a conceptual model to identify non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors for childhood obesity and to illustrate how these findings are relevant in developing interventions aimed at preventing obesity and dental caries in children...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594145/use-of-antidepressant-medication-in-pregnancy-and-adverse-neonatal-outcomes-a-population-based-investigation
#11
Anna Cantarutti, Luca Merlino, Carlo Giaquinto, Giovanni Corrao
BACKGROUND: Untreated depression and antidepressant use during pregnancy may have negative consequences for births. There are still conflicting data on the potential harmful effects of prenatal antidepressant treatment on child health. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the use of antidepressant medication during pregnancy and selected neonatal outcomes. METHODS: A population-based cohort study including 9825 deliveries exposed to an antidepressant between 9 months before last menstrual date through to delivery, from January 2005 to December 2010 in the Lombardy region of Italy, was conducted...
June 8, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593601/how-competent-are-adolescent-bullying-perpetrators-and-victims-in-mastering-normative-developmental-tasks-in-early-adulthood
#12
Tina Kretschmer, René Veenstra, Susan Branje, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Wim H J Meeus, Maja Deković, Hans M Koot, Wilma A M Vollebergh, Albertine J Oldehinkel
A substantive body of literature suggests that those involved in bullying as perpetrators but particularly victims are at greater risk for psychological maladjustment. In comparison, relatively little is known about associations between bullying-victimization and perpetration and mastery of early adult tasks in domains including romantic relationships, education, work, financial competence, and conduct. These links were tested using data from two Dutch cohorts (RADAR-young, n = 497, 43% girls; TRAILS, n = 2230, 51% girls) who reported on victimization and perpetration at age 11 (TRAILS) and 13 (RADAR-young) and mastery of developmental tasks in early adulthood...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588962/impact-of-a-community-based-package-of-interventions-on-child-development-in-zambia-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Peter C Rockers, Günther Fink, Arianna Zanolini, Bowen Banda, Godfrey Biemba, Cierra Sullivan, Simon Mutembo, Vichaels Silavwe, Davidson H Hamer
BACKGROUND: Community-based programmes are a critical platform for improving child health and development. We tested the impact of a community-based early childhood intervention package in rural Zambia. METHODS: We conducted a non-blinded cluster randomised controlled trial in Southern Province, Zambia. 30 clusters of villages were matched based on population density and distance from the nearest health centre, and randomly assigned to intervention (15 clusters and 268 caregiver-child dyads) or control (15 clusters and 258 caregiver-child dyads)...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588894/aetiological-pathways-to-borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-in-early-adolescence-childhood-dysregulated-behaviour-maladaptive-parenting-and-bully-victimisation
#14
Catherine Winsper, James Hall, Vicky Y Strauss, Dieter Wolke
BACKGROUND: Developmental theories for the aetiology of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) suggest that both individual features (e.g., childhood dysregulated behaviour) and negative environmental experiences (e.g., maladaptive parenting, peer victimisation) may lead to the development of BPD symptoms during adolescence. Few prospective studies have examined potential aetiological pathways involving these two factors. METHOD: We addressed this gap in the literature using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581333/relations-of-early-motor-skills-on-age-and-socialization-communication-and-daily-living-in-young-children-with-developmental-disabilities
#15
Megan MacDonald, Samantha Ross, Laura Lee McIntyre, Amanda Tepfer
Young children with developmental disabilities experience known deficits in salient child behaviors, such as social behaviors, communication, and aspects of daily living, behaviors that generally improve with chronological age. The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of motor skills on relations of age and salient child behaviors in a group of young children with developmental disabilities, thus tapping into the potential influences of motor skills in the development of salient child behaviors...
April 2017: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579076/resilience-in-young-children-involved-with-child-protective-services
#16
Kierra M P Sattler, Sarah A Font
Child maltreatment increases the risk of poor developmental outcomes. However, some children display resilience, meaning they are high-functioning despite their adverse experiences. To date, few research studies have examined protective factors among very young maltreated children. Yet, levels of resilience, and the protective factors that promote resilience among maltreated children, are likely to differ by developmental stage. Drawing on ecological systems theory and life course theory, we examined how protective factors at multiple ecological levels across early childhood were related to social and cognitive resilience among very young children involved with child protective services...
June 1, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570927/girl-child-marriage-as-a-risk-factor-for-early-childhood-development-and-stunting
#17
Yvette Efevbera, Jacqueline Bhabha, Paul E Farmer, Günther Fink
This paper quantitatively examines the intergenerational effects of girl child marriage, or the developmental and health outcomes of children born to women who marry before age 18. The overall objective is to understand the mechanisms through which girl child marriage affects the health and well-being of children in sub-Saharan Africa, as well as the relative magnitude and impact of these mechanisms. We used data from 37,558 mother-child pairs identified through 16 national and sub-national cross-sectional surveys across sub-Saharan Africa conducted between 2010 and 2014 by the UNICEF Multiple Indicator Clusters Survey program...
May 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567278/psychosocial-stimulation-interventions-for-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-systematic-review
#18
Allison I Daniel, Robert H Bandsma, Lyubov Lytvyn, Wieger P Voskuijl, Isabel Potani, Meta van den Heuvel
BACKGROUND: The WHO Guidelines for the inpatient treatment of severely malnourished children include a recommendation to provide sensory stimulation or play therapy for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). This systematic review was performed to synthesize evidence around this recommendation. Specifically, the objective was to answer the question: "In children with severe acute malnutrition, does psychosocial stimulation improve child developmental, nutritional, or other outcomes?" METHODS: A review protocol was registered on the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO 2016: CRD42016036403)...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562247/neurodevelopment-the-impact-of-nutrition-and-inflammation-during-preconception-and-pregnancy-in-low-resource-settings
#19
Betty R Vohr, Elysia Poggi Davis, Christine A Wanke, Nancy F Krebs
The rapid pace of fetal development by far exceeds any other stage of the life span, and thus, environmental influences can profoundly alter the developmental course. Stress during the prenatal period, including malnutrition and inflammation, impact maternal and fetal neurodevelopment with long-term consequences for physical and mental health of both the mother and her child. One primary consequence of maternal malnutrition, inflammation, and other sources of prenatal stress is a poor birth outcome, such as prematurity or growth restriction...
April 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562245/neurodevelopment-nutrition-and-inflammation-the-evolving-global-child-health-landscape
#20
Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Richard L Guerrant, Charles A Nelson
The last decade has witnessed major reductions in child mortality and a focus on saving lives with key interventions targeting major causes of child deaths, such as neonatal deaths and those due to childhood diarrhea and pneumonia. With the transition to Sustainable Development Goals, the global health community is expanding child health initiatives to address not only the ongoing need for reduced mortality, but also to decrease morbidity and adverse exposures toward improving health and developmental outcomes...
April 2017: Pediatrics
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