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Child developmental outcomes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425318/exploring-families-experiences-of-health-contributions-to-a-model-of-family-health
#1
Sarah L Smith, Beth DeGrace, Carrie Ciro, Ami Bax, Andrea Hambrick, Jennifer James, Alexandra Evans
Child health and developmental outcomes are influenced by the health of the family and the context created. Research suggests symptoms of poor family health (e.g. suboptimal family interactions, parenting stress) yet there is limited understanding of the factors which contribute to robust family health which may unveil opportunities for targeted intervention and family health promotion. The present study examined families' experiences of family health and factors contributing to family health. We performed a qualitative study using constructivist grounded theory methods to guide our understanding of family health for families with typically developing children aged 5-18...
April 20, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424357/thin-for-gestational-age-infants-are-at-increased-risk-of-neurodevelopmental-delay-at-2%C3%A2-years
#2
Sinéad M O'Neill, Geraldine Hannon, Ali S Khashan, J O'B Hourihane, Louise C Kenny, Mairead Kiely, Deirdre M Murray
BACKGROUND: Infants born small-for-gestational age (SGA) are at increased risk of developmental difficulties. Identifying those most at risk is challenging. We examined the effect of neonatal body composition and customised birthweight centiles on neurocognitive and behavioural outcomes at age 2. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of term infants from the Cork BASELINE Birth Cohort Study classified into the following exposure groups: a birth weight <10th customised centile (SGA, n=51); body fat percentage at birth <10th centile (thin-for-gestational age (TGA, n=51)) or both SGA and TGA infants (small- and thin-for-gestational age (STGA), n=13)...
May 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424104/assessing-the-impact-of-conversational-overlap-in-content-on-child-language-growth
#3
Elizabeth S Che, Patricia J Brooks, Maria F Alarcon, Francis D Yannaco, Seamus Donnelly
When engaged in conversation, both parents and children tend to re-use words that their partner has just said. This study explored whether proportions of maternal and/or child utterances that overlapped in content with what their partner had just said contributed to growth in mean length of utterance (MLU), developmental sentence score, and vocabulary diversity over time. We analyzed the New England longitudinal corpus from the CHILDES database, comprising transcripts of mother-child conversations at 14, 20, and 32 months, using the CHIP command to compute proportions of utterances with overlapping content...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420349/grey-literature-in-systematic-reviews-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-contribution-of-non-english-reports-unpublished-studies-and-dissertations-to-the-results-of-meta-analyses-in-child-relevant-reviews
#4
Lisa Hartling, Robin Featherstone, Megan Nuspl, Kassi Shave, Donna M Dryden, Ben Vandermeer
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews (SRs) are an important source of information about healthcare interventions. A key component of a well-conducted SR is a comprehensive literature search. There is limited evidence on the contribution of non-English reports, unpublished studies, and dissertations and their impact on results of meta-analyses. METHODS: Our sample included SRs from three Cochrane Review Groups: Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI), Infectious Diseases (ID), Developmental Psychosocial and Learning Problems (DPLP) (n = 129)...
April 19, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417256/to-which-extent-social-withdrawal-at-the-age-of-1%C3%A2-year-is-associated-with-iq-at-5-6%C3%A2-years-old-results-of-the-eden-mother-child-cohort
#5
Antoine Guedeney, Sarah Doukhan, Anne Forhan, Barbara Heude, Hugo Peyre
The present study aims to determine to which extent social withdrawal at 1 year is associated with the child's IQ at the end of the preschool period. Children (N = 1045) from the EDEN mother-child cohort were assessed for social withdrawal behaviours at 1 year by trained midwives using the Alarm Distress BaBy (ADBB) scale. Midwives also examined infants' language and motor development at 1 year. At the age 5-6 years, IQ scores were based on the WPPSI-III. Linear regression models were used to determine the association between IQ and ADBB, adjusted for a broad range of pre- and postnatal environmental factors and for language and motor skills scores at 1 year...
April 17, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414546/behavioral-parent-training-in-infancy-what-about-the-parent-infant-relationship
#6
Angela M Blizzard, Nicole E Barroso, Francisco G Ramos, Paulo A Graziano, Daniel M Bagner
Behavioral parent training (BPT) and attachment interventions have demonstrated efficacy in improving outcomes for young children. Despite theoretical overlap in these approaches, the literature has evolved separately, particularly with respect to outcome measurement in BPT. We examined the impact of the Infant Behavior Program (IBP), a brief home-based adaptation of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy, on changes in attachment-based caregiving behaviors (sensitivity, warmth, and intrusiveness) at postintervention and 3- and 6-month follow-ups during a videotaped infant-led play...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410184/the-effects-of-physical-activity-on-health-and-quality-of-life-in-adolescent-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#7
Amanda Wurz, Jennifer Brunet
BACKGROUND: There are numerous published controlled trials assessing the safety and the benefits of physical activity (PA) for child and adult cancer survivors. However, trials exclusively comprised of adolescent cancer survivors aged 13-19 years, who may experience different health and quality of life (QOL) effects as a function of their developmental status, are lacking. Rather, some trials have included both adolescent and child cancer survivors together. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize the findings from randomized controlled trails (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) investigating the effects of PA on health and QOL outcomes in samples comprised of >50% adolescent cancer survivors to summarize the current state of evidence, identify knowledge gaps, and highlight areas in need of additional research within this population...
May 24, 2016: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406474/daily-touchscreen-use-in-infants-and-toddlers-is-associated-with-reduced-sleep-and-delayed-sleep-onset
#8
Celeste H M Cheung, Rachael Bedford, Irati R Saez De Urabain, Annette Karmiloff-Smith, Tim J Smith
Traditional screen time (e.g. TV and videogaming) has been linked to sleep problems and poorer developmental outcomes in children. With the advent of portable touchscreen devices, this association may be extending down in age to disrupt the sleep of infants and toddlers, an age when sleep is essential for cognitive development. However, this association has not been demonstrated empirically. This study aims to examine whether frequency of touchscreen use is associated with sleep in infants and toddlers between 6 and 36 months of age...
April 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401842/testing-the-limits-extending-attachment-based-intervention-effects-to-infant-cognitive-outcome-and-parental-stress
#9
Karine Dubois-Comtois, Chantal Cyr, George M Tarabulsy, Diane St-Laurent, Annie Bernier, Ellen Moss
Using a sample of 41 infants and toddlers (21 interventions, 20 controls) who were neglected or at serious risk for neglect, this randomized clinical trial examined the efficacy of a parent-child attachment-based video-feedback intervention on parental sensitivity, parental stress, and child mental/psychomotor development. Results showed that following the 8-week intervention, scores for maternal sensitivity and child mental and psychomotor development were higher in the intervention group than in the control group...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393350/randomised-trial-of-a-parent-mediated-intervention-for-infants-at-high-risk-for-autism-longitudinal-outcomes-to-age-3%C3%A2-years
#10
J Green, A Pickles, G Pasco, R Bedford, M W Wan, M Elsabbagh, V Slonims, T Gliga, E J H Jones, C H M Cheung, T Charman, M H Johnson
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in the potential for pre-emptive interventions in the prodrome of autism, but little investigation as to their effect. METHODS: A two-site, two-arm assessor-blinded randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a 12-session parent-mediated social communication intervention delivered between 9 and 14 months of age (Intervention in the British Autism Study of Infant Siblings-Video Interaction for Promoting Positive Parenting), against no intervention...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391250/confirmation-of-mutations-in-prosc-as-a-novel-cause-of-vitamin-b6-dependent-epilepsy
#11
Barbara Plecko, Markus Zweier, Anaïs Begemann, Deborah Mathis, Bernhard Schmitt, Pasquale Striano, Martina Baethmann, Stella Maria Vari, Francesca Beccaria, Federico Zara, Lisa M Crowther, Pascal Joset, Heinrich Sticht, Sorina Mihaela Papuc, Anita Rauch
Vitamin-B6-dependent epilepsies are a heterogenous group of treatable disorders due to mutations in several genes (ALDH7A1, PNPO, ALPL or ALDH4A1). In neonatal seizures, defects in ALDH7A1 and PNPO explain a major fraction of cases. Very recently biallelic mutations in PROSC were shown to be a novel cause in five families. We identified four further unrelated patients harbouring a total of six different mutations, including four novel disease mutations. Vitamin B6 plasma profiles on pyridoxine did not enable the differentiation of patients with PROSC mutations...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388466/parent-child-aggression-adult-partner-violence-and-child-outcomes-a-prospective-population-based-study
#12
E K Maneta, M White, E Mezzacappa
Parent-child physical aggression (PCPA) and adult intimate partner violence (IPV) are common forms of family violence that often co-occur. Their deleterious effects on children and adolescents have been well documented. However, important questions remain regarding whether the type of violence exposure, the experience of one or both forms, the chronicity of violent experiences, and the age, gender, and SES of the child, differentially influence developmental outcomes. Data on 2810 children from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods were analyzed...
April 4, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387007/preventing-alcohol-exposed-pregnancies-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-self-administered-version-of-project-choices-with-college-students-and-nonstudents
#13
Linda Carter Sobell, Mark B Sobell, Kenneth Johnson, Nicholas Heinecke, Sangeeta Agrawal, Burt Bolton
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-exposed pregnancies (AEPs) are a preventable cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities for which many women are at risk. The initial 5-session Project CHOICES intervention was found to prevent AEPs. In the ensuing decade, there have been several additional CHOICES-like studies. The present study, Project Healthy CHOICES, had two objectives: (a) to compare outcomes for students vs. nonstudents; and (b) to test a self-administered mail-based version of the Project CHOICES intervention...
April 7, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384795/child-and-adolescent-health-from-1990-to-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-diseases-injuries-and-risk-factors-2015-study
#14
Nicholas Kassebaum, Hmwe Hmwe Kyu, Leo Zoeckler, Helen Elizabeth Olsen, Katie Thomas, Christine Pinho, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Lalit Dandona, Alize Ferrari, Tsegaye Tewelde Ghiwot, Simon I Hay, Yohannes Kinfu, Xiaofeng Liang, Alan Lopez, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Ali H Mokdad, Mohsen Naghavi, George C Patton, Joshua Salomon, Benn Sartorius, Roman Topor-Madry, Stein Emil Vollset, Andrea Werdecker, Harvey A Whiteford, Kalkidan Hasen Abate, Kaja Abbas, Solomon Abreha Damtew, Muktar Beshir Ahmed, Nadia Akseer, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Mulubirhan Assefa Alemayohu, Khalid Altirkawi, Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Azmeraw T Amare, Carl A T Antonio, Johan Arnlov, Al Artaman, Hamid Asayesh, Euripide Frinel G Arthur Avokpaho, Ashish Awasthi, Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Umar Bacha, Dimtsu Balem, Aleksandra Barac, Till Winfried Bärnighausen, Estifanos Baye, Neeraj Bedi, Isabela M Bensenor, Adugnaw Berhane, Eduardo Bernabe, Oscar Alberto Bernal, Addisu Shunu Beyene, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Boris Bikbov, Cheryl Anne Boyce, Alexandra Brazinova, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Austin Carter, Carlos A Castañeda-Orjuela, Ferrán Catalá-López, Fiona J Charlson, Abdulaal A Chitheer, Jee-Young Jasmine Choi, Liliana G Ciobanu, John Crump, Rakhi Dandona, Robert P Dellavalle, Amare Deribew, Gabrielle deVeber, Daniel Dicker, Balem Balm Betsu, Eric L Ding, Manisha Dubey, Amanuel Yesuf Endries, Holly E Erskine, Emerito Jose Aquino Faraon, Andre Faro, Farshad Farzadfar, Joao C Fernandes, Daniel Obadare Fijabi, Christina Fitzmaurice, Thomas D Fleming, Luisa Sorio Flor, Kyle J Foreman, Richard C Franklin, Maya S Fraser, Joseph J Frostad, Nancy Fullman, Gebremedhin Berhe Gebregergs, Alemseged Aregay Gebru, Johanna M Geleijnse, Katherine B Gibney, Mahari Gidey Yihdego, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Tessema Assefa Gizachew, Elizabeth Glaser, Audra L Gold, Ellen Goldberg, Philimon Gona, Atsushi Goto, Harish Chander Gugnani, Guohong Jiang, Rajeev Gupta, Fisaha Haile Tesfay, Graeme J Hankey, Rasmus Havmoeller, Martha Hijar, Masako Horino, H Dean Hosgood, Guoqing Hu, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Mihajlo B Jakovljevic, Sudha P Jayaraman, Vivekanand Jha, Tariku Jibat, Catherine O Johnson, Jost Jonas, Amir Kasaeian, Norito Kawakami, Peter N Keiyoro, Ibrahim Khalil, Young-Ho Khang, Jagdish Khubchandani, Aliasghar A Ahmad Kiadaliri, Christian Kieling, Daniel Kim, Niranjan Kissoon, Luke D Knibbs, Ai Koyanagi, Kristopher J Krohn, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Burcu Kucuk Bicer, Rachel Kulikoff, G Anil Kumar, Dharmesh Kumar Lal, Hilton Y Lam, Heidi J Larson, Anders Larsson, Dennis Odai Laryea, Janni Leung, Stephen S Lim, Loon-Tzian Lo, Warren D Lo, Katharine J Looker, Paulo A Lotufo, Hassan Magdy Abd, El Razek, Reza Malekzadeh, Desalegn Markos Shifti, Mohsen Mazidi, Peter A Meaney, Kidanu Gebremariam Meles, Peter Memiah, Walter Mendoza, Mubarek Abera Mengistie, Gebremichael Welday Mengistu, George A Mensah, Ted R Miller, Charles Mock, Alireza Mohammadi, Shafiu Mohammed, Lorenzo Monasta, Ulrich Mueller, Chie Nagata, Aliya Naheed, Grant Nguyen, Quyen Le Nguyen, Elaine Nsoesie, In-Hwan Oh, Anselm Okoro, Jacob Olusegun Olusanya, Bolajoko O Olusanya, Alberto Ortiz, Deepak Paudel, David M Pereira, Norberto Perico, Max Petzold, Michael Robert Phillips, Guilherme V Polanczyk, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Mahfuzar Rahman, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Usha Ram, Zane Rankin, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Andre M N Renzaho, Hirbo Shore Roba, David Rojas-Rueda, Luca Ronfani, Rajesh Sagar, Juan Ramon Sanabria, Muktar Sano Kedir Mohammed, Itamar S Santos, Maheswar Satpathy, Monika Sawhney, Ben Schöttker, David C Schwebel, James G Scott, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Amira Shaheen, Masood Ali Shaikh, June She, Rahman Shiri, Ivy Shiue, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir, Jasvinder Singh, Naris Slipakit, Alison Smith, Chandrashekhar Sreeramareddy, Jeffrey D Stanaway, Dan J Stein, Caitlyn Steiner, Muawiyyah Babale Sufiyan, Soumya Swaminathan, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Karen M Tabb, Fentaw Tadese, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Bineyam Taye, Stephanie Teeple, Teketo Kassaw Tegegne, Girma Temam Shifa, Adbullah Sulieman Terkawi, Bernadette Thomas, Alan J Thomson, Ruoyan Tobe-Gai, Marcello Tonelli, Bach Xuan Tran, Christopher Troeger, Kingsley N Ukwaja, Olalekan Uthman, Tommi Vasankari, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Vasiliy Victorovich Vlassov, Elisabete Weiderpass, Robert Weintraub, Solomon Weldemariam Gebrehiwot, Ronny Westerman, Hywel C Williams, Charles D A Wolfe, Rachel Woodbrook, Yuichiro Yano, Naohiro Yonemoto, Seok-Jun Yoon, Mustafa Z Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Elias Asfaw Zegeye, Liesl Joanna Zuhlke, Christopher J L Murray, Theo Vos
Importance: Comprehensive and timely monitoring of disease burden in all age groups, including children and adolescents, is essential for improving population health. Objective: To quantify and describe levels and trends of mortality and nonfatal health outcomes among children and adolescents from 1990 to 2015 to provide a framework for policy discussion. Evidence Review: Cause-specific mortality and nonfatal health outcomes were analyzed for 195 countries and territories by age group, sex, and year from 1990 to 2015 using standardized approaches for data processing and statistical modeling, with subsequent analysis of the findings to describe levels and trends across geography and time among children and adolescents 19 years or younger...
April 3, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377889/long-term-cognitive-functioning-in-individuals-with-tyrosinemia-type-1-treated-with-nitisinone-and-protein-restricted-diet
#15
María Ignacia García, Alicia de la Parra, Carolina Arias, Miguel Arredondo, Juan Francisco Cabello
INTRODUCTION: Tyrosinemia Type 1 (HT1) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a defect in the enzyme fumarylacetoacetate hydroxylase in the tyrosine pathway. Implementation of nitisinone (NTBC) treatment has dramatically improved survival rate of individuals with HT1, yet recent reports on cognitive impairment in treated patients exist. AIMS: Describe long-term neurocognitive outcome individuals with HT1 treated with nitisinone and protein restricted diet...
June 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376910/the-preschool-activity-technology-health-adiposity-behaviour-and-cognition-path-abc-cohort-study-rationale-and-design
#16
Dylan P Cliff, Jade McNeill, Stewart Vella, Steven J Howard, Megan A Kelly, Douglas J Angus, Ian M Wright, Rute Santos, Marijka Batterham, Edward Melhuish, Anthony D Okely, Marc de Rosnay
BACKGROUND: Prevalence estimates internationally suggest that many preschool-aged children (3-5 years) are insufficiently physically active and engage in high levels of screen-based entertainment. Early childhood is the developmental period for which we know the least about the effects of physical activity on development and health. Likewise, rapid technological advancements in mobile electronic media have made screen-based forms of entertainment for young children ubiquitous, and research demonstrating the impacts on cognition, psychosocial well-being, and health has lagged behind the rate of adoption of these technologies...
April 4, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374573/agreement-between-concern-about-autism-spectrum-disorder-at-the-time-of-referral-and-diagnosis-and-factors-associated-with-agreement
#17
Bee H Lo, Felicity Klopper, Elizabeth H Barnes, Katrina Williams
AIM: This study examined the level of agreement between referral reason and diagnostic outcome for pre-school aged children showing developmental delays and differences. In particular, the level of agreement when there was concern about autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was investigated. METHODS: Clinical records for children (n = 677) assessed for developmental concerns at a multidisciplinary assessment clinic in Sydney, Australia, were examined. Referral reason and diagnostic outcome were compared...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371553/measuring-executive-function-in-indian-mothers-and-their-4-year-old-daughters
#18
Antje von Suchodoletz, Pauline L Slot, Delshad M Shroff
Executive function (EF), including cognitive flexibility, attention shifting, and inhibitory control, has been linked to a range of outcomes across the lifespan, such as school readiness and academic functioning, job performance, health, and social-emotional well-being. Yet, research investigating links between parent EF and child EF is still limited. This is partly due to challenges in measuring the same EF abilities in parents and their children. The current study investigated the applicability of a computer-based battery of various EF tasks for use with both mothers and children...
March 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368271/consensus-statement-of-the-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-on-evaluation-and-management-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
Samir Dalwai, Jeeson Unni, Veena Kalra, Pratibha Singhi, Leena Shrivastava, M K C Nair
JUSTIFICATION: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a highly prevalent in children worldwide. Management of ADHD requires a systematic, multidisciplinary approach and thereby, evidence-based, standardized national guidelines are essential. PROCESS: A meeting for formulation of national consensus guidelines on neurodevelopmental disorders was organized by Indian Academy of Pediatrics in Mumbai, on 18th and 19th December, 2015. The invited experts included Pediatricians, Developmental Pediatricians, Pediatric Neurologists, Psychiatrists, Remedial Educators and Clinical Psychologists...
March 29, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366341/cognitive-behavioral-versus-non-directive-therapy-for-preschoolers-with-severe-nighttime-fears-and-sleep-related-problems
#20
Michal Kahn, Alon Ronen, Alan Apter, Avi Sadeh
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of a developmentally appropriate cognitive-behavioral therapy protocol for preschoolers with severe nighttime fears and sleep-related problems, with an active control treatment. METHODS: Ninety children aged four to six years (63% boys) with severe nighttime fears and their parents were randomized to either cognitive-behavioral therapy including parent involved play (CBT-PIP) or to a structurally equivalent non-directive treatment (TEPT; triadic expressive play therapy)...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine
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