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Child developmental outcomes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918308/appropriateness-of-different-pedagogical-approaches-to-road-safety-education-for-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-dcd
#1
C Purcell, A R Romijn
BACKGROUND: In 2016, 29% of pedestrians killed or seriously injured on the roads in Great Britain were under 15 years of age. Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), a chronic disorder affecting the acquisition and execution of motor skills, may be more vulnerable at the roadside than typically developing (TD) children. Current methods used to teach road safety are typically knowledge-based and do not necessarily improve behaviour in real traffic situations. Virtual reality road crossing tasks may be a viable alternative...
September 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915514/developmental-stuttering-in-children-who-are-hard-of-hearing
#2
Richard M Arenas, Elizabeth A Walker, Jacob J Oleson
Purpose: A number of studies with large sample sizes have reported lower prevalence of stuttering in children with significant hearing loss compared to children without hearing loss. This study used a parent questionnaire to investigate the characteristics of stuttering (e.g., incidence, prevalence, and age of onset) in children who are hard of hearing (CHH). Method: Three hundred three parents of CHH who participated in the Outcomes of Children With Hearing Loss study (Moeller & Tomblin, 2015) were sent questionnaires asking about their child's history of stuttering...
September 15, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914728/reason-for-referral-predicts-utilization-and-perceived-impact-of-early-intervention-services
#3
Karina Javalkar, Jonathan S Litt
OBJECTIVE: Children participating in early intervention (EI) vary in their medical needs and degree of delay, and previous studies have shown significant differences in EI enrollment based on the reason for referral. The effect of reason for referral on service provision and family satisfaction is largely unknown. METHODS: We used data from the National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study for our secondary data analysis. The main predictor was the reason for referral: a diagnosed condition, documented developmental delay, or other risk factors...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904112/modeling-the-impact-of-nutrition-interventions-on-birth-outcomes-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#4
REVIEW
Rebecca Heidkamp, Adrienne Clermont, Erica Phillips
Background: Negative birth outcomes [small-for-gestational age (SGA) and preterm birth (PTB)] are common in low- and middle-income countries and have important subsequent health and developmental impacts on children. There are numerous nutritional and non-nutritional interventions that can decrease the risk of negative birth outcomes and reduce subsequent risk of mortality and growth faltering.Objective: The objective of this article was to review the current evidence for the impact of nutritional interventions in pregnancy [calcium supplementation, iron and folic acid supplementation, multiple micronutrient (MMN) supplementation, and balanced energy supplementation (BES)] and risk factors (maternal anemia) on birth outcomes, with the specific goal of determining which intervention-outcome linkages should be included in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) software...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899425/the-physiological-determinants-of-low-level-urine-cadmium-an-assessment-in-a-cross-sectional-study-among-schoolchildren
#5
Hongyu Wang, Xavier Dumont, Vincent Haufroid, Alfred Bernard
BACKGROUND: Recent studies in children have reported associations of urinary cadmium (U-Cd), used as biomarker of Cd body burden, with renal dysfunction, retarded growth and impaired cognitive development in children. Little is known, however, about factors influencing U-Cd in children and likely to act as confounders. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study involving 249 schoolchildren (mean age, 5.72 years; 138 boys), we measured the urine concentrations of cadmium, zinc, lead, albumin, alpha1-microglobulin (A1M), retinol-binding protein, β2-microglobulin and club cell protein (CC16)...
September 12, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891331/development-of-an-observational-measure-of-therapy-engagement-for-pediatric-rehabilitation
#6
Gillian King, Lisa A Chiarello, Laura Thompson, Matthew J W McLarnon, Eric Smart, Jenny Ziviani, Madhu Pinto
PURPOSE: The Pediatric Rehabilitation Intervention Measure of Engagement-Observation (PRIME-O) version was designed to capture signs of affective, cognitive and behavioral involvement for clients and service providers and in the client-provider interaction. METHODS: Phase 1 examined interrater consensus and construct validity of a pilot version, using observer ratings of engagement indicators made while viewing videos of therapy sessions differing in high and low engagement (Sample 1)...
September 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891117/the-sleeping-patterns-of-head-start-children-and-the-influence-on-developmental-outcomes
#7
M Schlieber, J Han
BACKGROUND: Sleep has a significant influence on children's development. The objective of this study was to investigate Head Start children's sleeping patterns and the impact on cognitive and behavioural outcomes. METHODS: Using the 2009 cohort of the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (N = 2,868), information on sleeping patterns was assessed through parent interviews. Cognitive outcomes were assessed using direct assessments (Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-IV, the Expressive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test, and Subtests of the Woodcock-Johnson III) in addition to teacher report...
September 11, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890525/cognitive-development-after-kawasaki-disease%C3%A3-clinical-study-and-validation-using-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort
#8
Liang-Jen Wang, Ho-Chang Kuo
BACKGROUND: This purpose of this study was to investigate whether Kawasaki disease (KD) increases the risk of cognitive impairment. In this clinical study, cognitive profiles were compared between KD patients, control subjects, and a nationwide population-based cohort to determine the potential correlation between KD and a subsequent diagnosis of an intellectual disability.Methods and Results:The clinical study consisted of 168 KD patients (mean age 5.6 years, 62.5% male) and 81 healthy controls (mean age 6...
September 9, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888092/neurodevelopmental-outcome-at-the-age-of-4-years-according-to-the-planned-mode-of-delivery-in-term-breech-presentation-a-nationwide-population-based-record-linkage-study
#9
Georg Macharey, Mervi Väisänen-Tommiska, Mika Gissler, Veli-Matti Ulander, Leena Rahkonen, Mika Nuutila, Seppo Heinonen
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether a trial of planned vaginal breech labor affects neurologic development in children. METHODS: This is a nationwide, Finnish, population-based record linkage study. An odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals was used to estimate the relative risk that a child delivered by planned vaginal breech labor would be diagnosed with adverse neurodevelopmental outcome (cerebral palsy, epilepsy, intellectual disability, sensor neural developmental outcome, hyperactivity, speech and language problems) at the age of 4 years...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886576/change-in-college-students-perceived-parental-permissibility-of-alcohol-use-and-its-relation-to-college-drinking
#10
Brian H Calhoun, Jennifer L Maggs, Eric Loken
College students who perceive their parents to hold permissive views about their alcohol use engage in heavier drinking. However, few studies have assessed perceived parental permissibility of alcohol use (PPP) longitudinally across the later college years, and few have assessed variation in changes in PPP and whether or not these changes differentially predict drinking. This study assessed whether PPP changed across college and used two approaches to determine whether PPP predicted binge drinking frequency and peak drinking...
August 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872348/marijuana-and-breastfeeding-applicability-of-the-current-literature-to-clinical-practice
#11
Jasminder Mourh, Hilary Rowe
With recent legalization of marijuana in numerous U.S. states, the risk of marijuana exposure via breast milk is a rising concern. This review analyzes the available human and animal literature regarding maternal use of marijuana during lactation. The findings can be categorized into four areas of analysis: effects of marijuana on the mother, transfer into milk, transfer to the offspring, and effects on the offspring. Human and animal data have reported decreased prolactin levels as well as potential maternal psychological changes...
September 5, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864703/admission-to-psychiatric-hospital-for-mental-illnesses-2-years-prechildbirth-and-postchildbirth-in-scotland-a-health-informatics-approach-to-assessing-mother-and-child-outcomes
#12
Julie Langan Martin, Gary McLean, Daniel Martin, Roch Cantwell, Daniel J Smith
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with: admission to a specialist mother and baby unit (MBU) and the impact of perinatal mental illness on early childhood development using a data linkage approach in the 2 years prechildbirth and postchildbirth. METHODS: Scottish maternity records (SMR02) were linked to psychiatric hospital admissions (SMR04). 3290 pregnancy-related psychiatric admissions for 1730 women were assessed. To investigate factors associated with MBU admission, the group of mothers admitted to an MBU were compared with those admitted to general psychiatric wards...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857059/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-the-unfinished-agenda-in-the-world-health-organization-south-east-asia-region
#13
Indira Chakravarty, Animesh Bhattacharya, Saurabh K Das
Access to adequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) is essential for the health, well-being and dignity of all people. The World Health Organization South-East Asia Region has made considerable progress in WASH provision during the past two decades. However, compared with increases in coverage of improved drinking water, in some parts of the region, access to adequate sanitation remains low, with continued prevalence of open defecation. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have set ambitious targets for WASH services to be achieved by 2030...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854841/psychosocial-and-executive-function-recovery-trajectories-one-year-after-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-the-influence-of-age-and-injury-severity
#14
Heather T Keenan, Amy E Clark, RIchard Holubkov, Charles S Cox, Linda Ewing-Cobbs
Time since traumatic brain injury (TBI) and developmental stage at injury may affect the trajectory of outcomes associated with adjustment and school success. We prospectively enrolled a cohort of 519 children with either TBI or orthopedic injury (OI) aged 2.5 - 15 years to examine children's psychosocial and executive function outcomes at 3 and 12-months post-injury. Outcome measures included the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) ratings...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854721/chronic-combined-hyperandrogenemia-and-western-style-diet-in-young-female-rhesus-macaques-causes-greater-metabolic-impairments-compared-to-either-treatment-alone
#15
C A True, D L Takahashi, S E Burns, E C Mishler, K R Bond, M C Wilcox, A R Calhoun, L A Bader, T A Dean, N D Ryan, O D Slayden, J L Cameron, R L Stouffer
STUDY QUESTION: Does developmental exposure to the combination of hyperandrogenemia and western-style diet (WSD) worsen adult metabolic function compared to either treatment alone? SUMMARY ANSWER: Young female rhesus macaques treated for 3 years, beginning at menarche, with combined testosterone (T) and WSD have increased weight gain and insulin resistance compared to controls and animals treated with either T or WSD alone. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Hyperandrogenemia is a well-established component of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and can be observed in peripubertal girls, indicating a potential pubertal onset of the disease...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851533/in-utero-exposure-to-malaria-is-associated-with-metabolic-traits-in-adolescence-the-agogo-2000-birth-cohort-study
#16
George Bedu-Addo, Marie Alicke, Justice K Boakye-Appiah, Inusah Abdul-Jalil, Markus van der Giet, Matthias B Schulze, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Ina Danquah
OBJECTIVES: Malaria in pregnancy (MiP) contributes to fetal undernutrition and adverse birth outcomes, and may constitute a developmental origin of metabolic diseases in the offspring. In a Ghanaian birth cohort, we examined the relationships between MiP-exposure and metabolic traits in adolescence. METHODS: MiP at delivery was assessed in 155 mother-child pairs. Among the now teenaged children (mean age, 14.8 years; 53% male), we measured fasting plasma glucose (FPG), body mass index (BMI), and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP)...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851326/dilemma-of-treating-schizophrenia-during-pregnancy-a-case-series-and-a-review-of-literature
#17
Andreea Teodorescu, Petru Ifteni, Marius Alexandru Moga, Victoria Burtea, Nicusor Bigiu
BACKGROUND: The choice of antipsychotic treatment during pregnancy remains controversial, mainly due to a lack of exposure and outcome data. Randomized clinical trials are practically impossible due to ethical reasons. Our reports describe three cases of closely monitored female patients with schizophrenia who were treated with olanzapine during pregnancy. The novelty of reports is that all patients were previously treated with olanzapine long acting injectable (LAI) for an average period of 3...
August 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846002/stressful-family-environments-and-children-s-behavioral-control-a-multimethod-test-and-replication-study-with-twins
#18
Claudia I Vrijhof, Anja van der Voort, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Saskia Euser
Young children's behavioral control predicts a broad range of developmental outcomes in child- and adulthood. It is therefore important to study how individual differences in behavioral control arise. Previous studies suggest that there are both genetic and environmental influences, which were estimated in the current study using a sample of mono- and dizygotic same-sex twins. Furthermore, we examined the associations between indicators of a stressful family environment like household chaos, parenting daily hassles, and parental depressive symptoms and children's behavioral control in 2 samples...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835912/use-of-the-bayley-scales-of-infant-and-toddler-development-third-edition-to-assess-developmental-outcome-in-infants-and-young-children-in-an-urban-setting-in-south-africa
#19
Daynia E Ballot, Tanusha Ramdin, David Rakotsoane, Faustine Agaba, Victor A Davies, Tobias Chirwa, Peter A Cooper
BACKGROUND: The Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (III) is a tool developed in a Western setting. AIM: To evaluate the development of a group of inner city children in South Africa with no neonatal risk factors using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (III), to determine an appropriate cut-off to define developmental delay, and to establish variation in scores done in the same children before and after one year of age. METHODS: Cohort follow-up study...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835364/home-and-community-based-growth-monitoring-to-reduce-early-life-growth-faltering-an-open-label-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Günther Fink, Rachel Levenson, Sarah Tembo, Peter C Rockers
Background: Despite the continued high prevalence of faltering growth, height monitoring remains limited in many low- and middle-income countries.Objective: The objective of this study was to test whether providing parents with information on their child's height can improve children's height and developmental outcomes.Design: Villages in Chipata District, Zambia (n = 127), were randomly assigned with equal probability to 1 of 3 groups: home-based growth monitoring (HBGM), community-based growth monitoring including nutritional supplementation for children with stunted growth (CBGM+NS), and control...
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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