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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335519/translating-developmental-origins-improving-the-health-of-women-and-their-children-using-a-sustainable-approach-to-behaviour-change
#1
Mary Barker, Janis Baird, Tannaze Tinati, Christina Vogel, Sofia Strömmer, Taylor Rose, Rufia Begum, Megan Jarman, Jenny Davies, Sue Thompson, Liz Taylor, Hazel Inskip, Cyrus Cooper, Don Nutbeam, Wendy Lawrence
Theories of the developmental origins of health and disease imply that optimising the growth and development of babies is an essential route to improving the health of populations. A key factor in the growth of babies is the nutritional status of their mothers. Since women from more disadvantaged backgrounds have poorer quality diets and the worst pregnancy outcomes, they need to be a particular focus. The behavioural sciences have made a substantial contribution to the development of interventions to support dietary changes in disadvantaged women...
March 20, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333524/developmental-origins-of-infant-emotion-regulation-mediation-by-temperamental-negativity-and-moderation-by-maternal-sensitivity
#2
Jenna C Thomas, Nicole Letourneau, Tavis S Campbell, Lianne Tomfohr-Madsen, Gerald F Giesbrecht
Emotion regulation is essential to cognitive, social, and emotional development and difficulties with emotion regulation portend future socioemotional, academic, and behavioral difficulties. There is growing awareness that many developmental outcomes previously thought to begin their development in the postnatal period have their origins in the prenatal period. Thus, there is a need to integrate evidence of prenatal influences within established postnatal factors, such as infant temperament and maternal sensitivity...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328233/long-term-neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-neonates-with-hypernatremic-dehydration
#3
Hassan Boskabadi, Javad Akhondian, Maliheh Afarideh, Gholamali Maamouri, Sepideh Bagheri, Seyyed Mostafa Parizadeh, Majid Ghayour Mobarhan, Shabnam Mohammadi, Gordon A A Frens
BACKGROUND: Neonatal hypernatremic dehydration (NHD) is a dangerous condition that can lead to severe weight loss, renal impairment, and central nervous system complications. We aimed to evaluate the consequences of NHD in infants in their second year of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective case-control study in Ghaem hospital, Mashhad, Iran. Sixty-five healthy breastfed neonates (serum sodium concentration <150 mmol/L) and 65 hypernatremic (serum sodium concentration ≥150 mmol/L) neonates were followed up from 2008 to 2011...
March 22, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315885/advancement-in-texture-in-early-complementary-feeding-and-the-relevance-to-developmental-outcomes
#4
Jordan R Green, Meg Simione, Benjamin Le Révérend, Erin M Wilson, Brian Richburg, Marc Alder, Mirna Del Valle, Chrystel Loret
A child's transition to independent eating is a protracted process that progresses over the course of many years. Although major health agencies, such as the World Health Organization, now offer clear guidance when to begin introducing solids, advice about how to safely transition to progressively challenging foods is varied and comes from a staggering number of sources. The resulting conflicting views have promoted parental confusion and anxiety about what foods are appropriate and when to advance to new textures...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315884/complementary-feeding-micronutrients-and-developmental-outcomes-of-children
#5
Jacqueline F Gould
The period of complementary feeding (6-24 months of age) can be a challenging and vulnerable time for infant nutrition due to disproportionately high requirements for metabolic processes, rapid developmental processes, and limited gastric capacity. This is a period of crucial brain development where high caloric intake is necessary to allow synaptogenesis (creation of channels between neurons for communication), and maintenance of established synapses, myelination (laying the myelin sheath around neuronal axons) and everyday psychological functioning...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301041/adolescent-ethnic-identity-in-social-context-a-commentary
#6
Wim Meeus
Key findings from the various studies of this special section of Child Development are that ethnic identity is embedded in a positive proximal interpersonal context in adolescence and that the links between ethnic identity and the interpersonal context seem to become stronger from the beginning of early adolescence on. Remarkably, the (longitudinal) studies do not show that ethnic identity is a better predictor of developmental outcomes or that it can be better predicted in minority groups than in majority groups...
March 16, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298846/menkes-disease-and-response-to-copper-histidine-an-indian-case-series
#7
Sangeetha Yoganathan, Sniya Valsa Sudhakar, Gautham Arunachal, Maya Thomas, Annadurai Subramanian, Renu George, Sumita Danda
BACKGROUND: Menkes disease (MD) is an X-linked recessive neurodegenerative disorder caused by mutations in ATP7A gene. Depending on the residual ATP7A activity, manifestation may be classical MD, occipital horn syndrome, or distal motor neuropathy. Neurological sparing is expected in female carriers. However, on rare occasions, females may manifest with classical clinical phenotype due to skewed X-chromosome inactivation, X-autosome translocation, and XO genotype. Here, we describe a small series of probands with MD and their response to copper histidine therapy...
January 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298279/the-potential-impact-of-animal-science-research-on-global-maternal-and-child-nutrition-and-health-a-landscape-review
#8
REVIEW
Jack Odle, Sheila K Jacobi, R Dean Boyd, Dale E Bauman, Russell V Anthony, Fuller W Bazer, Adam L Lock, Andrew C Serazin
High among the challenges facing mankind as the world population rapidly expands toward 9 billion people by 2050 is the technological development and implementation of sustainable agriculture and food systems to supply abundant and wholesome nutrition. In many low-income societies, women and children are the most vulnerable to food insecurity, and it is unequivocal that quality nutrition during the first 1000 d of life postconception can be transformative in establishing a robust, lifelong developmental trajectory...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291949/an-exploration-of-the-relationship-between-two-measures-of-children-s-participation
#9
Chi-Wen Chien, Sylvia Rodger, Jodie Copley, Ted Brown
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between the Children Participation Questionnaire and the Children's Assessment of Participation with Hands. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two researchers classified the item contents independently using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Child and Youth version as a guide. Parents of 51 children with intellectual and developmental disabilities completed both measures within one month. RESULTS: The linking results indicated that the two participation measures covered a broad range of life domains, which corresponded well to the conceptually matched Activities and Participation categories/chapters of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Child and Youth version...
March 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291536/child-sexual-abuse-in-japan-a-systematic-review-and-future-directions
#10
Masako Tanaka, Yumi E Suzuki, Ikuko Aoyama, Kota Takaoka, Harriet L MacMillan
INTRODUCTION: Estimating the national prevalence of child sexual abuse (CSA) and its association with health and developmental outcomes is the first step in developing prevention strategies. While such data are available from many countries, less is known about the epidemiology of CSA in Japan. METHODS: For this systematic review, we searched English databases: Embase, Ovid MEDLINE(R) In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid MEDLINE(R) Daily and Ovid MEDLINE(R), Ovid OLDMEDLINE(R), PsycINFO, and Japanese databases: Cinii, J-Stage, Children's Rainbow Center Japan, Japan Child and Family Research Institute, Japanese Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect to identify articles published before July 2015 examining the lifetime prevalence of CSA in Japan using non-clinical samples...
March 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287778/physical-family-violence-and-externalizing-and-internalizing-behaviors-among-children-and-adolescents
#11
Lynette M Renner, Shamra Boel-Studt
Family violence has been associated with various negative outcomes among children and adolescents. Yet, less is known about how unique forms of physical family violence contribute to externalizing and internalizing behaviors based on a child's developmental stage. Using data from the Illinois Families Study and administrative Child Protective Services data, we explored the relation between 3 types of physical family violence victimization and externalizing and internalizing behaviors among a sample of 2,402 children and adolescents...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287753/parental-educational-attainment-and-adult-offspring-personality-an-intergenerational-life-span-approach-to-the-origin-of-adult-personality-traits
#12
Angelina R Sutin, Martina Luchetti, Yannick Stephan, Richard W Robins, Antonio Terracciano
Why do some individuals have more self-control or are more vulnerable to stress than others? Where do these basic personality traits come from? Although a fundamental question in personality, more is known about how traits are related to important life outcomes than their developmental origins. The present research took an intergenerational life span approach to address whether a significant aspect of the childhood environment-parental educational attainment-was associated with offspring personality traits in adulthood...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283835/a-developmental-approach-to-dimensional-expression-of-psychopathology-in-child-and-adolescent-offspring-of-parents-with-bipolar-disorder
#13
María Goretti Morón-Nozaleda, Covadonga M Díaz-Caneja, Elisa Rodríguez-Toscano, Celso Arango, Josefina Castro-Fornieles, Elena de la Serna, Ana Espliego, Vanessa Sanchez-Gistau, Soledad Romero, Immaculada Baeza, Gisela Sugranyes, Carmen Moreno, Dolores Moreno
The aim of this is to describe psychopathology, functioning and symptom dimensions accounting for subthreshold manifestations and developmental status in child and adolescent offspring of parents with bipolar disorder ("high-risk offspring"). The study population comprised 90 high-risk offspring (HR-offspring) and 107 offspring of community control parents (CC-offspring). Direct clinical observations and parental and offspring reports based on selected standardized clinical scales were used to assess offspring threshold and subthreshold diagnoses, symptoms and functioning...
March 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282530/effect-of-early-intervention-on-functional-outcome-at-school-age-follow-up-and-process-evaluation-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-infants-at-risk
#14
Elisa G Hamer, Tjitske Hielkema, Arend F Bos, Tineke Dirks, Siebrigje J Hooijsma, Heleen A Reinders-Messelink, Rivka F Toonen, Mijna Hadders-Algra
BACKGROUND: The long-term effect of early intervention in infants at risk for developmental disorders is unclear. The VIP project (n=46, originally) evaluated by means of a randomised controlled trial the effect of the family centred early intervention programme COPCA (Coping with and Caring for infants with special needs) in comparison to that of traditional infant physiotherapy (TIP). AIMS: To evaluate the effect of early intervention on functional outcome at school age...
March 1, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264723/developmental-pathways-to-adiposity-begin-before-birth-and-are-influenced-by-genotype-prenatal-environment-and-epigenome
#15
Xinyi Lin, Ives Yubin Lim, Yonghui Wu, Ai Ling Teh, Li Chen, Izzuddin M Aris, Shu E Soh, Mya Thway Tint, Julia L MacIsaac, Alexander M Morin, Fabian Yap, Kok Hian Tan, Seang Mei Saw, Michael S Kobor, Michael J Meaney, Keith M Godfrey, Yap Seng Chong, Joanna D Holbrook, Yung Seng Lee, Peter D Gluckman, Neerja Karnani
BACKGROUND: Obesity is an escalating health problem worldwide, and hence the causes underlying its development are of primary importance to public health. There is growing evidence that suboptimal intrauterine environment can perturb the metabolic programing of the growing fetus, thereby increasing the risk of developing obesity in later life. However, the link between early exposures in the womb, genetic susceptibility, and perturbed epigenome on metabolic health is not well understood...
March 7, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264460/companion-animals-and-child-adolescent-development-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#16
REVIEW
Rebecca Purewal, Robert Christley, Katarzyna Kordas, Carol Joinson, Kerstin Meints, Nancy Gee, Carri Westgarth
Childhood and adolescence are important developmental phases which influence health and well-being across the life span. Social relationships are fundamental to child and adolescent development; yet studies have been limited to children's relationships with other humans. This paper provides an evidence review for the potential associations between pet ownership and emotional; behavioural; cognitive; educational and social developmental outcomes. As the field is in the early stages; a broad set of inclusion criteria was applied...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260530/do-systematic-reviews-on-pediatric-topics-need-special-methodological-considerations
#17
Mufiza Farid-Kapadia, Lisa Askie, Lisa Hartling, Despina Contopoulos-Ioannidis, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Roger Soll, David Moher, Martin Offringa
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews are key tools to enable decision making by healthcare providers and policymakers. Despite the availability of the evidence based Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA-2009 and PRISMA-P 2015) statements that were developed to improve the transparency and quality of reporting of systematic reviews, uncertainty on how to deal with pediatric-specific methodological challenges of systematic reviews impairs decision-making in child health...
March 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254690/the-blind-men-and-the-elephant-identification-of-a-latent-maltreatment-construct-for-youth-in-foster-care
#18
Joy Gabrielli, Yo Jackson, Angela M Tunno, Erin P Hambrick
Child maltreatment is a major public health concern due to its impact on developmental trajectories and consequences across mental and physical health outcomes. Operationalization of child maltreatment has been complicated, as research has used simple dichotomous counts to identification of latent class profiles. This study examines a latent measurement model assessed within foster youth inclusive of indicators of maltreatment chronicity and severity across four maltreatment types: physical, sexual, and psychological abuse, and neglect...
February 26, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253904/a-mobile-technology-intervention-to-reduce-sedentary-behaviour-in-2-to-4-year-old-children-mini-movers-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Katherine L Downing, Jo Salmon, Trina Hinkley, Jill A Hnatiuk, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour (e.g. television viewing, sitting time) tracks over time and is associated with adverse health and developmental outcomes across the lifespan. Young children (5 years or younger) spend up to 12 h/day sedentary, of which around 2 h is spent in screen time (e.g. watching television). Interventions to reduce sedentary behaviour in early childhood report mixed results and many have limited potential for scalability. Mobile phones offer a wide-reaching, low-cost avenue for the delivery of health behaviour programmes to parents but their potential to reduce young children's sedentary behaviour has not been widely tested...
March 3, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250024/care-system-redesign-for-preterm-children-after-discharge-from-the-nicu
#20
Dennis Z Kuo, Robert E Lyle, Patrick H Casey, Christopher J Stille
Approximately 1 in 8 children in the United States are born preterm. Existing guidelines and research examine the cost of prematurity from the NICU stay and developmental surveillance and outcomes after discharge from the NICU. Preterm children are at greater risk for excess hospitalizations, outpatient visits, and societal costs after NICU discharge. Improved delivery of care and health promotion from the community setting, particularly from the patient-centered medical home, may result in improved growth, health, and development, with accompanying reduction of post-NICU discharge costs and encounters...
March 1, 2017: Pediatrics
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