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Child developmental outcomes

Sacha Klein, Brittany Mihalec-Adkins, Stephanie Benson, Sei-Young Lee
Increasing access to early care and education (ECE) for children in the child welfare system (CWS) remains a critical issue in the United States, as the numbers of young children entering this system steadily increases. Mounting evidence suggests that participation in at least some types of ECE can mitigate the need for child welfare supervision. Moreover, ECE participation has been linked to positive developmental and school readiness outcomes, lower rates of foster placement, and greater placement stability for children in the CWS...
March 13, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
Masha Shulkin, Laura Pimpin, David Bellinger, Sarah Kranz, Wafaie Fawzi, Christopher Duggan, Dariush Mozaffarian
Background: Epidemiologic studies link maternal seafood and n-3 (ω-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) consumption with improved childhood cognitive development; trials show mixed results. Objective: We investigated effects of n-3 PUFA supplementation on child cognitive and visual outcomes. Methods: We systematically reviewed and meta-analyzed randomized controlled trials of n-3 PUFA supplementation in mothers or infants (age ≤2 y) and evaluated standardized measures of cognitive or visual development up to age 18 y...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Emily J Gach, Ka I Ip, Arnold J Sameroff, Sheryl L Olson
Multiple environmental risk factors in early childhood predict a broad range of adverse developmental outcomes. However, most prior longitudinal research has not illuminated explanatory mechanisms. Our main goals were to examine predictive associations between cumulative ecological risk factors in early childhood and children's later externalizing problems and to determine whether these associations were explained by variations in parenting quality. Participants were 241 children (118 girls) at risk for school-age conduct problems and their parents and teachers...
February 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Rebecca J Landa
With advances in the field's ability to identify autism spectrum disorders (ASD) at younger ages, the need for information about the evidence-base for early intervention continues to rise. This review of the ASD early intervention (EI) literature focuses on efficacy studies published within the past 15 years. The neurodevelopmental context for early intervention, timing of initiating intervention, primary intervention approaches, and predictors of treatment outcomes are discussed. The evidence indicates that young children with ASD benefit from EI, and their parents learn to implement child-responsive engagement strategies when a parent-coaching intervention is provided...
March 14, 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
R M Pasco Fearon
This special issue presents a series of conceptually interlinked papers on the construct of insightfulness and its role in child development and intervention. In this commentary, I provide some reflections on the nature of insightfulness from the point of view of developmental and clinical psychology. Four themes are highlighted: (1) the potential role of insightfulness in understanding the parenting mediators of attachment transmission, (2) the role of insightfulness in understanding the connections between early experiences and later social outcomes, (3) the dynamic evolution of insightfulness across development, and (4) the different elements of insightfulness and their distinct contributions to caregiving behavior...
March 13, 2018: Attachment & Human Development
AIlbhe Ruane, Alan Carr
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the effectiveness of Stepping Stones Triple P (SSTP) parent training programs on child behavior problems and parenting outcomes in families of children with developmental disabilities. Sixteen suitable studies including data from over 900 families were identified in a search for English language published and unpublished controlled outcome studies. SSTP has five levels on a graded continuum of increasing intensity targeting families with differing degrees of treatment need from low intensity media-based parenting information campaigns at level 1, through brief interventions at levels 2 and 3, to more intensive parent training and family therapy interventions at levels 4 and 5...
March 9, 2018: Family Process
Zohar Mor, Anat Amit Aharon, Rivka Sheffer, Haim Nehama
INTRODUCTION: Israel has absorbed >40,000 Eritrean undocumented migrants since 2007, while the majority live in the southern neighborhoods of Tel-Aviv. As non-citizens and citizens infants in Israel receive free preventive treatment at the mother and child health clinics (MCHC), this study aimed to compare development and growth achievements between children of Eritrean mothers (CE) to children of Israeli mothers (CI), and assess their compliance to routine follow-up and vaccination-timeliness...
2018: PloS One
Jadwiga Hamułka, Monika A. Zielińska, Katarzyna Chądzyńska
Background: Exposure to alcohol and tobacco during pregnancy may lead to developmental disorders in the foetus and can also adversely impact pregnancy outcomes and the newborn’s health status. Objective: Assessment of alcohol consumption and tobacco use during pregnancy as well as their impact on pregnancy outcomes and birth parameters of the newborn in a selected group of mothers with children aged ≤ 2 years. Material and methods: The study was conducted in 104 mothers with children aged ≤ 2 years living in the Mazowiecki Voivodeship...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
A Klin, W Jones
The future of neurodevelopmental medicine has the potential of situating child neurology at the forefront of a broad-based public health effort to optimize neurodevelopmental outcomes of children born with high-prevalence and diverse genetic, pre- and peri-natal, and environmental burdens compromising early brain development and leading to lifetime disabilities. Building on advancements in developmental social neuroscience and in implementation science, this shift is already occurring in the case of emblematic neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Meliha Salahuddin, Adriana Pérez, Nalini Ranjit, Deanna M Hoelscher, Steven H Kelder
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to assess the effect of prenatal maternal cigarette smoking on children's BMI z-score trajectories, and to evaluate whether small-for-gestational-age (SGA) acts as a potential mediator between prenatal maternal cigarette smoking and child's BMI z-score at 4 years of age. METHODS: Group-based trajectory modeling (GBTM) methods were employed to describe and classify developmental BMI z-score trajectories (the outcome of interest) in children from 9 months to 4 years of age (n = 5221) in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) study (2001-2005)...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Mariana Brussoni, Takuro Ishikawa, Christina Han, Ian Pike, Anita Bundy, Guy Faulkner, Louise C Mâsse
BACKGROUND: Children's risky play is associated with a variety of positive developmental, physical and mental health outcomes, including greater physical activity, self-confidence and risk-management skills. Children's opportunities for risky play have eroded over time, limited by parents' fears and beliefs about risk, particularly among mothers. We developed a digital tool and in-person Risk-reframing (RR) workshop to reframe parents' perceptions of risk and change parenting behaviours...
March 7, 2018: Trials
Sloane K Tilley, Elizabeth M Martin, Lisa Smeester, Robert M Joseph, Karl C K Kuban, Tim C Heeren, Olaf U Dammann, T Michael O'Shea, Rebecca C Fry
BACKGROUND: The placenta is the central regulator of maternal and fetal interactions. Perturbations of placental structure and function have been associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes later in life. Placental CpG methylation represents an epigenetic modification with the potential to impact placental function, fetal development and child health later in life. STUDY DESIGN: Genome-wide placental CpG methylation levels were compared between spontaneous versus indicated deliveries from extremely preterm births (EPTBs) (n = 84)...
2018: PloS One
Annemarie Stroustrup, Jennifer B Bragg, Syam S Andra, Paul C Curtin, Emily A Spear, Denise B Sison, Allan C Just, Manish Arora, Chris Gennings
Every year in the United States, more than 300,000 infants are admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICU) where they are exposed to a chemical-intensive hospital environment during a developmentally vulnerable period. The neurodevelopmental impact of environmental exposure to phthalates during the NICU stay is unknown. As phthalate exposure during the third trimester developmental window has been implicated in neurobehavioral deficits in term-born children that are strikingly similar to a phenotype of neurobehavioral morbidity common among children born premature, the role of early-life phthalate exposure on the neurodevelopmental trajectory of premature infants may be clinically important...
2018: PloS One
Susanna Kovaniemi, Jaana Alakortes, Alice S Carter, Anneli Yliherva, Risto Bloigu, Leena O Joskitt, Irma K Moilanen, Hanna E Ebeling
Based on limitations in previous research evidence, we concluded that more research is needed for deeper understanding of how social-emotional and behavioral (SEB) outcomes among infant-toddler-aged children in the general population are associated with early motor development. In this study, we investigated associations between early competencies and problems, as measured by the Brief Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment (BITSEA), and the timing of achievement of the main gross and fine motor milestones usually attained during the first year of life in a general population context...
February 28, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
Juliane Leger, Anne Forhan, Sophie Dos Santos, Beatrice Larroque, Emmanuel Ecosse, Marie Aline Charles, Barbara Heude
OBJECTIVE: Maternal thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy is associated with neurodevelopmental impairment in the offspring. No data are currently available for the offspring of patients treated early for congenital hypothyroidism(CH). The aim of this study was to investigate motor and language milestones at one year of age in a population-based registry of children born to young women with CH. DESIGN AND METHODS: We assessed 110 children born to mothers with CH, and 1367 children from the EDEN French population-based birth cohort study prospectively, at the age of one year, with identical questionnaires...
March 2, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
Jessica Rogerson, Marita Falkmer, Belinda Cuomo, Torbjorn Falkmer, Andrew J O Whitehouse, Joanna Granich, Sharmila Vaz
PURPOSE: As computer-based interventions become commonplace for parents of children with neurodevelopmental disorders, this study sought to understand the experience of using a parent-delivered supplementary early intervention therapy for children with autism spectrum disorder grounded in a variety of behavioral, sensory, developmental, and relationship-based approaches and delivered via a tablet device. METHODS: Parental experiences using the 'Therapy Outcomes by You' (TOBY) application were collected through semi-structured interviews with 17 parents...
February 27, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Olivia M Whalen, Frini Karayanidis, Vanessa E Murphy, Alison E Lane, Carly A Mallise, Linda E Campbell
OBJECTIVE: Maternal asthma during pregnancy is associated with a higher risk of negative perinatal outcomes. However, little is known about the direct effects of maternal asthma on infant cognitive development. We examined the evidence for an impact of maternal asthma during pregnancy on cognitive and behavioral development of the child. DATA SOURCES: We conducted a MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and manual search of the databases for all available studies until January 9th, 2018...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Erin C Dunn, Thomas W Soare, Miriam R Raffeld, Daniel S Busso, Katherine M Crawford, Kathryn A Davis, Virginia A Fisher, Natalie Slopen, Andrew D A C Smith, Henning Tiemeier, Ezra S Susser
BACKGROUND: Although childhood adversity is a potent determinant of psychopathology, relatively little is known about how the characteristics of adversity exposure, including its developmental timing or duration, influence subsequent mental health outcomes. This study compared three models from life course theory (recency, accumulation, sensitive period) to determine which one(s) best explained this relationship. METHODS: Prospective data came from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (n = 7476)...
February 26, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Pamela Scorza, Cristiane S Duarte, Alison E Hipwell, Jonathan Posner, Ana Ortin, Glorisa Canino, Catherine Monk
BACKGROUND: For decades, economists and sociologists have documented intergenerational transmission of socioeconomic disadvantage, demonstrating that economic, political, and social factors contribute to 'inherited hardship'. Drawing on biological factors, the developmental origins of adult health and disease model posits that fetal exposure to maternal prenatal distress associated with socioeconomic disadvantage compromises offspring's neurodevelopment, affecting short- and long-term physical and mental health, and thereby psychosocial standing and resources...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Lotta Hallamaa, Yin Bun Cheung, Kenneth Maleta, Mari Luntamo, Ulla Ashorn, Melissa Gladstone, Teija Kulmala, Charles Mangani, Per Ashorn
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We showed earlier that presumptive infection treatment in pregnancy reduced the prevalence of neonatal stunting in a rural low-income setting. In this article, we assess how these gains were sustained and reflected in childhood growth, development, and mortality. METHODS: We enrolled 1320 pregnant Malawian women in a randomized trial and treated them for malaria and other infections with either 2 doses of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) (control), monthly SP, or monthly sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and 2 doses of azithromycin (AZI-SP)...
February 22, 2018: Pediatrics
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