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Biceps tenodesis

Hongbo Tan, Dean Wang, Amir H Lebaschi, Ian D Hutchinson, Liang Ying, Xiang-Hua Deng, Scott A Rodeo, Russell F Warren
BACKGROUND: Many orthopaedic surgical procedures involve reattachment of a single tendon to bone. Whether tendon-to-bone healing is better facilitated by tendon fixation within a bone tunnel or on a cortical surface is unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate tendon-healing within a bone tunnel compared with that on the cortical surface in a rabbit model of biceps tenodesis. METHODS: Thirty-two rabbits (24 weeks of age) underwent unilateral proximal biceps tenodesis with tendon fixation within a bone tunnel (BT group) or on the cortical surface (SA [surface attachment] group)...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
X Clement, F Baldairon, P Clavert, J-F Kempf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 12, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Erik Hohmann
Subpectoral tenodesis is performed at the surgical neck of the humerus. In a cadaveric study, the insertion of a unicortical PEEK (polyether ether ketone) screw decreased the torsional load to failure (fracture) by 30% compared with intact control specimens but was similar to unicortical reaming without screw insertion. Placing the biceps tendon into the tunnel and securing it with a unicortical screw reduced the torsional load to failure by 20%. Whether these facts are significant is currently unknown, but the creation of a stress riser is a concern and may possibly result in surgical neck fractures...
March 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Christopher S Ahmad
The optimal treatment of shoulder SLAP tears in high-level baseball players remains highly controversial. In pitchers, many SLAP lesions are found incidentally on magnetic resonance imaging and may in fact be adaptive to the baseball pitcher's mechanics of throwing. Surgical repair of SLAP lesions requires lengthy rehabilitation, and outcomes have been similar to or worse than the results after nonoperative treatment. The treatment option of biceps tenodesis is an appealing alternative to SLAP repair, but the indications and technique of biceps tenodesis in the elite pitcher still need to be defined...
March 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Andrew S Neviaser, Diana C Patterson, Paul J Cagle, Bradford O Parsons, Evan L Flatow
BACKGROUND: Biceps tenodesis reduces the incidence of Popeye deformity occurring with tenotomy, but pain may occur with tenodesis superior to or within the bicipital groove. Arthroscopic suprapectoral tenodesis is an attractive alternative. The purpose of this study was to establish landmarks for arthroscopic suprapectoral tenodesis and determine the appropriate fixation point to optimize muscle tension. METHODS: Twelve fresh cadaveric shoulders were dissected. Urethane polymer was injected into the axillary artery...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Brandon L Roller, Keiichi Kuroki, Chantelle C Bozynski, Ferris M Pfeiffer, James L Cook
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of a novel magnesium-based resorbable bone cement (OsteoCrete, Bone Solutions Incorporated) for anchor and tendon fixation. Cadaveric humeral testing involved straight pull-to-failure of rotator cuff suture anchors; OsteoCrete was injected through one anchor, and a second anchor served as the uninjected control. Testing was conducted 15 minutes post-injection. A canine preclinical model was used to evaluate the safety of the following parameters: Rotator cuff repair: A double-row technique was used to repair transected infraspinatus tendons; OsteoCrete was injected through both anchors in one limb, and the contralateral limb served as the uninjected control...
February 2018: American Journal of Orthopedics
Chih-Kai Hong, Kai-Lan Hsu, Fa-Chuan Kuan, Cheng-Li Lin, Ming-Long Yeh, Wei-Ren Su
PURPOSE: To compare the biomechanical properties of an transtendinous all-suture anchor technique with the commonly-accepted interference screw technique in a cadaveric model. METHODS: Sixteen fresh-frozen human cadaveric shoulders (mean age, 67.6 ± 5.8 years) were used and were randomly divided into 2 experimental long head of the biceps brachii (LHB) tenodesis groups (n = 8), namely transtendinous all-suture anchor technique and interference screw technique...
February 23, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Thomas Amouyel, Yves-Pierre Le Moulec, Nicolas Tarissi, Mo Saffarini, Olivier Courage
Arthroscopic repair of the long head of the biceps (LHB) is performed to treat various biceps pathologies yet the choice between tenotomy or tenodesis remains controversial. Although tenotomy is simpler and quicker, tenodesis results in fewer complications, and there are several techniques available using various fixation devices and sites. This Technical Note describes an all-arthroscopic, suprapectoral tenodesis technique using a bioresorbable interference screw, without motorized devices to create the humeral tunnel in the bicipital groove...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Joseph W Galvin, Josef K Eichinger, Eric J Cotter, Alyssa R Greenhouse, Stephen A Parada, Brian R Waterman
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the trends in surgical management for anterior shoulder instability in the U.S. Military. Methods: A retrospective analysis of military service members undergoing arthroscopic or open shoulder stabilization from 2012 to 2015 within the U.S. Military Health System was conducted. Demographic and surgical variables were extracted from the medical record. Chi-square and linear regression analysis were performed to identify temporal trends by surgical procedures and concomitant surgery...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
Nicholas P J Perry, Jared A Wolfe, Kim Nguyen-Ta, Daniel Christensen, Lucas S McDonald, Jonathan F Dickens, Lance E LeClere
Background: To examine the outcomes of combined biceps tenodesis and indirect, intra-articular arthroscopic paralabral cyst decompression for the treatment of active duty military patients with superior labral from anterior to posterior tears and associated paralabral cysts. Methods: Retrospective chart review of all active duty patients at our institution from 2011 to 2014 with superior labral from anterior to posterior tears and associated paralabral cysts at the spinoglenoid notch treated with biceps tenodesis and indirect arthroscopic cyst decompression...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
Kyle E Fleck, Larry D Field
Pathologic changes to the biceps tendon including subluxation are frequently encountered in patients with subscapularis tears. Operatively managing these combined lesions can be difficult depending on the status of the subscapularis tendon and the degree of biceps medialization. The presented technique is an effective and relatively simple method that simultaneously and efficiently provides for secure tenodesis of the biceps and fixation of subscapularis tendon detachment.
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Nicholas I Kennedy, George Sanchez, Sandeep Mannava, Márcio B Ferrari, Salvatore J Frangiamore, Matthew T Provencher
With a range of tear characteristics such as chronicity, degree of fatty atrophy, and number of tendons involved as well as varying patient-specific characteristics including age, injury mechanism, and expectations after treatment to consider, proper and successful treatment of a rotator cuff tear is multifactorial and, consequently, challenging. Although conservative management of a rotator cuff tear may be successful, a more severe tear with involvement of more tendons may warrant surgical intervention. Furthermore, additional pathology including biceps tendinopathy may result in greater patient morbidity and an even more complex treatment decision-making process and surgical technique...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Jan Zabrzyński, Łukasz Paczesny, Agnieszka Zabrzyńska, Dariusz Grzanka, Łukasz Łapaj
Disorders of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) are a common source of shoulder pain and disability. This tendon can be well visualized using ultrasonography; however, little is known if such examination allows clinicians to predict pathological changes of the tendon structure. In the study described below, we compare preoperative sonographic findings with the data from shoulder arthroscopy and microscopic examination of the excised tendon fragments in 19 consecutive patients with LHB tendinopathy and clinical suspicion of its instability...
February 5, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Christopher Arena, Aman Dhawan
The long head of the biceps (LHB) tendon is a potential source of shoulder pain encountered by orthopaedic surgeons. A multitude of approaches to addressing LHB tendinopathy have been described. These include various surgical techniques such as tenodesis versus tenotomy, an arthroscopic versus an open approach, and differing methods of tenodesis fixation. Our preferred approach to addressing LHB tendinopathy is through a mini-open approach using a double-loaded 4.5-mm suture anchor. This Technical Note with accompanying video describes our technique for performing this procedure, as well as supporting clinical evidence and technical pearls...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
Keith T Corpus, Grant H Garcia, Joseph N Liu, David M Dines, Stephen J O'Brien, Joshua S Dines, Samuel A Taylor
Background: Management of symptomatic long head of biceps tendon (LHBT) pathology remains a source of debate. Questions/Purposes: The purpose of this study was to identify consensus trends for the treatment of LHBT pathology among specialists. Methods: A survey was distributed to members of the American Shoulder and Elbow Society (ASES), consisting of three sections-demographics, case scenarios, and general LHBT pathology management. Cases presented common clinical scenarios, and surgeons reported their management preferences...
February 2018: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
B Finke, W Petersen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of a tenotomy of the long biceps tendon is to remedy a painful pathology in the proximal region of the tendon. Tenodesis of the tendon can restore the motor and cosmetic function of the biceps brachii muscle. INDICATIONS: Partial rupture or tendopathy of the long biceps tendon, injuries of the anchor of the long biceps tendon (SLAP lesions; SLAP: superior labrum anterior posterior), lesions of the pulley system. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Infections or tumors, loss of the long head biceps tendon from the intertubercular groove...
February 2018: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Brett A Lenart, Jonathan B Ticker
Tears of the subscapularis tendon have been under-recognised until recently. Therefore, a high index of suspicion is essential for diagnosis.A directed physical examination, including the lift-off, belly-press and increased passive external rotation can help identify tears of the subscapularis.All planes on MR imaging should be carefully evaluated to identify tears of the subscapularis, retraction, atrophy and biceps pathology.Due to the tendency of the tendon to retract medially, acute and traumatic full-thickness tears should be repaired...
December 2017: EFORT Open Reviews
P Valenti
An irreparable cuff tear is defined as the inability to achieve direct repair of native tendon to the great tuberosity despite intra- and extra-articular release of the remaining tissue. Three distinct anatomic patterns are identified: posterosuperior cuff tears which involve the supraspinatus, infraspinatus and teres minor; anterosuperior tears which involve the supraspinatus and subscapularis; and global tears which comprise both. Subacromial debridement and tenotomy or tenodesis of the long head of the biceps are proposed for older patients with a functional but very painful shoulder...
January 29, 2018: Der Orthopäde
Peter N Chalmers, Erin Granger, Richard Nelson, Minkyoung Yoo, Robert Z Tashjian
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to simultaneously examine costs, functional outcomes, and tendon healing after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-surgeon, single-hospital study. Pre- and postoperative Simple Shoulder Test (SST), visual analog scale (VAS) pain, and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) scores, and postoperative magnetic resonance images (MRIs) were obtained. Direct costs were derived using a unique, validated tool...
January 20, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Sergio A Glait, Siddharth Mahure, Cynthia A Loomis, Michael Cammer, Hien Pham, Andrew Feldman, Laith M Jazrawi, Eric J Strauss
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to quantify the regional histology of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) and compare the histopathology present to clinical findings in patients with rotator cuff tears and SLAP lesions. METHODS: Prospectively enrolled patients undergoing an open subpectoral LHBT tenodesis in the setting of a rotator cuff (RTC) tear or SLAP lesion. Perioperative data were collected and the excised LHBT was analyzed by a fellowship trained pathologist...
January 23, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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