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Os acromiale

William B Stetson, J Alex McIntyre, Genevieve R Mazza
The surgical technique for the management of a symptomatic os acromiale remains unclear. Several operative techniques have been described including open excision, open reduction-internal fixation (ORIF), arthroscopic acromioplasty or subacromial decompression, and arthroscopic excision. There are 4 types of os acromiale, with the meso-acromion being the most common and difficult to treat. The excision of a pre-acromion arthroscopically or in an open manner usually produces satisfactory results. However, the open excision of a meso-acromion can lead to persistent pain and deltoid weakness and atrophy...
February 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
C Rovesta, M C Marongiu, A Corradini, P Torricelli, G Ligabue
Os acromiale consist in a lack of fusion between the different ossification spots of the acromial side of scapula from the age of 23-25 years. A relation between os acromiale and some shoulder pathology like impingement syndrome, cuff tear and subacromial bursitis has been described. The etiology is not already known. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of os acromiale in our population, the link between os acromiale and sex, side and shoulder pathology. 1042 shoulder MRI were evaluated to find out os acromiale and the linked cuff pathology...
February 25, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
Brian Shiu, Xuyang Song, Abigail Iacangelo, Hyunchul Kim, Ehsan Jazini, R Frank Henn, Mohit N Gilotra, S Ashfaq Hasan
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic hardware is a commonly reported complication after surgical fixation of an unstable meso-type os acromiale. This study compared the biomechanical properties of a cannulated screw tension band construct using a metal wire tension band vs. a suture tension band, considering that the suture construct could allow for decreased hardware burden in the clinical setting. METHODS: A meso-type os acromiale was created in 16 cadaveric shoulders. Two cannulated 4-mm screws were placed in each specimen...
December 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Elizabeth Matzkin, Kaytelin Suslavich, David Wes
Swimmer's shoulder is a broad term often used to diagnose shoulder injury in swimmers. However, research has elucidated several specific shoulder injuries that often are incurred by the competitive swimmer. Hyperlaxity, scapular dyskinesis, subacromial impingement, labral damage, os acromiale, suprascapular nerve entrapment, and glenohumeral rotational imbalances all may be included within a differential diagnosis for shoulder pain in the competitive swimmer. An understanding of the mechanics of the swim stroke, in combination with the complex static and dynamic properties of the shoulder, is essential to the comprehension and identification of the painful swimmer's shoulder...
August 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Shinji Kawaguchi, Shoji Fukuta, Takahiko Tsutsui, Tetsuya Matsuura, Naoto Suzue, Daisuke Hamada, Tomohiro Goto, Ryo Miyagi, Keizo Wada, Kenichiro Kita, Shunsuke Tamaki, Toshihiko Matsumura, Akihiro Nagamachi, Koichi Sairyo
Os acromiale is a rare anatomical variant that is caused by failure of fusion of the acromial apophysis and is usually asymptomatic. We report a case of impingement syndrome of the left shoulder secondary to unstable os acromiale, which was initially overlooked and confirmed only during arthroscopic examination. Arthroscopic excision of the unstable fragment was successful without residual dysfunction of the deltoid muscle.
2016: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
Jonathan S Zember, Zehava S Rosenberg, Steven Kwong, Shefali P Kothary, Maria A Bedoya
A growing number of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging studies of the shoulder are being performed as a result of greater and earlier participation of children and adolescents in competitive sports such as softball and baseball. However, scant information is available regarding the MR imaging features of the normal sequential development of the shoulder. The authors discuss the radiographic and MR imaging appearances of the normal musculoskeletal maturation patterns of the shoulder, with emphasis on (a) development of secondary ossification centers of the glenoid (including the subcoracoid and peripheral glenoid ossification centers); (b) development of preossification and secondary ossification centers of the humeral head and the variable appearance and number of the secondary ossification centers of the distal acromion, with emphasis on the formation of the os acromiale; (c) development of the growth plates, glenoid bone plates, glenoid bare area, and proximal humeral metaphyseal stripe; and (d) marrow signal alterations in the distal humerus, acromion, and clavicle...
July 2015: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Emeline Verna, Marie-Dominique Piercecchi-Marti, Kathia Chaumoitre, Pascal Adalian
In forensic anthropology, identification begins by determining the sex, age, ancestry and stature of the individuals. Asymptomatic variations present on the skeleton, known as discrete traits, can be useful to identify individuals, or at least contribute to complete their biological profile. We decided to focus our work on the upper part of the skeleton, from the first vertebra to the pelvic girdle, and we chose to present 8 discrete traits (spina bifida occulta, butterfly vertebra, supraclavicular nerve foramen, coracoclavicular joint, os acromiale, suprascapular foramen, manubrium foramen and pubic spine), because they show a frequency lower than 10%...
August 2015: Forensic Science International
Zaid Al-faham, Prashant Jolepalem
Os acromiale is an anatomic variant that in rare cases can cause pain. (99m)Tc-methylene diphosphonate bone scintigraphy with SPECT/CT can play an important role in diagnosing this clinical entity. We present a male football player with shoulder pain secondary to a symptomatic os acromiale, and we demonstrate the findings on bone scanning with limited SPECT/CT that diagnosed this important clinical abnormality.
September 2015: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
Matthew Winfeld, Zehava Sadka Rosenberg, Annie Wang, Jenny Bencardino
OBJECTIVE: Acromial fusion may not be complete until age 18-25, making it questionable to diagnose os acromiale in adolescents. Os acromiale may exist in adolescents and can be differentiated from a developing acromial ossification center based on MRI findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 128 MRIs of the shoulder were randomly and blindly reviewed retrospectively by two musculoskeletal radiologists. The MRIs consisted of two groups: (1) 56 of os acromiale in adults (25-74 years old, mean, 50) and (2) 72 consecutive of adolescents (12-17 years old, mean, 14...
May 2015: Skeletal Radiology
Ulrich J A Spiegl, Sean D Smith, Jocelyn N Todd, Coen A Wijdicks, Peter J Millett
BACKGROUND: Several internal fixation surgical techniques have been described for the treatment of symptomatic os acromiale. The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical characteristics of different internal fixation techniques for the operative treatment of unstable meso-type os acromiale in a cadaveric model. METHODS: Testing was performed on 12 matched pairs of cadaveric acromia with simulated meso-type os acromiale. Twelve specimens were prepared with 2 cannulated 4...
April 2015: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Lionel Neyton, Eric Noël, Gilles Walch, Juan Pons-Villanueva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Filippo Familiari, Gazi Huri, Alan Gonzalez-Zapata, Edward G McFarland
An 80-year-old woman underwent a right reverse total shoulder arthroplasty for cuff tear arthropathy with no complications. She was discharged 3 days after surgery with well-controlled pain. However, 6 days postoperatively, she reported the onset of excruciating pain in her right shoulder, and conventional radiographs, including an axillary radiograph, were obtained.
July 2014: Orthopedics
Ahmed M Tawfik, Ahmad El-Morsy, Mohamed Aboelnour Badran
Evaluation of rotator cuff is a common indication for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning of the shoulder. Conventional MRI is the most commonly used technique, while magnetic resonance (MR) arthrography is reserved for certain cases. Rotator cuff disorders are thought to be caused by a combination of internal and external mechanisms. A well-structured MRI report should comment on the relevant anatomic structures including the acromial type and orientation, the presence of os acromiale, acromio-clavicular degenerative spurs and fluid in the subacromial subdeltoid bursa...
June 28, 2014: World Journal of Radiology
Christina D Davlin, Dave Fluker
An unfused acromial epiphysis, called os acromiale, can become unstable and mobile when the deltoid contracts. This may cause pain and lead to impingement syndrome and rotator cuff tearing. After sustaining a direct blow to the right shoulder, a male division I basketball player was diagnosed with impingement syndrome and an os acromiale. Following failed conservative treatment, the athlete underwent arthroscopic subacromial decompression & debridement of the loose os acromiale in the right shoulder. One year later, following a fall on the left shoulder, the athlete was diagnosed with os acromiale, impingement syndrome and a superior labrum anterior-posterior (SLAP) lesion...
December 2003: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Kaissar Yammine
Os acromiale (OA) results from a failure of consolidation between the ossification centers of the acromial epiphysis. Its prevalence and its interactions with ancestry, gender, laterality, and side have been variously reported in the literature. The aims of this review are to provide an accurate estimate of OA prevalence and to investigate its association with other variables in an attempt to comprehend its etiology. Twenty-three studies met the inclusion criteria. The results of meta-analyses of large-sample studies revealed: (a) a crude overall prevalence of 7...
May 2014: Clinical Anatomy
Antonio Frizziero, Maria G Benedetti, Domenico Creta, Antonio Moio, Stefano Galletti, Nicola Maffulli
An os acromiale (OA) arises from a fusion failure of the anterior acromial apophysis. This case report presents the successful management of a painful OA associated to rotator cuff impingement in a competitive swimmer, based on ultrasonographic diagnosis and conservative management. Rest from sport activity, oral anti-inflammatory drugs and previous attempt of treatment of shoulder pain were ineffective. After two months of conservative treatment consisting of avoidance of swimming, local anti-inflammatory, physical therapy with ice, strengthening exercises with elastic bands to strengthen the scapular stabilizing muscles, rotator cuff and lowering humeral head muscles, the patient was pain free and all specific clinical tests for impingement syndrome (Neer, Hawkins, Whipple and Yocum tests) were negative...
2012: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Peter S Johnston, E Scott Paxton, Victoria Gordon, Matthew J Kraeutler, Joseph A Abboud, Gerald R Williams
Os acromiale is a common finding in shoulder surgery. We review the anatomy, prevalence, pathophysiology, and treatment options for this diagnosis. In addition, we report on a case series of 6 patients with a symptomatic meso os acromiale who were treated with a new technique involving arthroscopic acromioplasty in conjunction with the excision of the acromial nonunion site. We have demonstrated this novel treatment method to be a safe and effective technique in this case series. This arthroscopic partial resection of an os acromiale is considered to be an alternative option for treating a symptomatic meso os acromiale...
October 2013: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
Jayant Kumar, Won Ha Park, Seung-Ho Kim, Hyun Il Lee, Jae Chul Yoo
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of os acromiale has been documented to be between 1% and 15% and is known to be clinically associated with subacromial impingement or rotator cuff tear. However, the prevalence of os acromiale in Korea has not yet been determined. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of os acromiale in Korean patients who visited shoulder clinics and to investigate the correlations with rotator cuff tear. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the X-rays of patients visiting a shoulder clinic at a tertiary hospital in Korea from January 2011 to January 2012 to determine the frequency of os acromiale...
September 2013: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
O Barbier, D Block, C Dezaly, F Sirveaux, D Mole
INTRODUCTION: Os acromiale is a failure of fusion of the acromial process. It is usually asymptomatic and discovered by chance. When it is painful a differential diagnosis must be made in relation to the subacromial impingement syndrome. HYPOTHESIS: Unstable os acromiale is the cause of atypical scapulalgias. Stabilization by tension band wiring and an embedded slot shaped graft achieves union and relieves pain. PATIENTS ET METHODS: This series includes 10 patients mean age 43 years old presenting with shoulder pain resistant to a mean 15 months of conservative treatment...
June 2013: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Peter T Campbell, Nasir M Nizlan, Allan P Skirving
Arthroscopic excision of os acromiale is a feasible alternative to open excision or fusion. This article describes the authors' experience with 28 patients (31 shoulders) who underwent arthroscopic excision of os acromiale and its effect on shoulder pain and function, with specific emphasis on deltoid strength measurement. Thirty-one os acromiale (all persistent unfused pre- and meso-acromions) in 28 patients were excised arthroscopically. Sixteen patients underwent concomitant rotator cuff repair (9 arthroscopic and 7 mini-open)...
November 2012: Orthopedics
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