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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214724/where-biomedicalisation-and-magic-meet-therapeutic-innovations-of-elite-sports-injury-in-british-professional-football-and-cycling
#1
Alex Faulkner, Michael McNamee, Catherine Coveney, Jonathan Gabe
Injury is a conspicuous feature of the practice and public spectacle of contemporary elite sports. The paper argues that the 'biomedicalisation' thesis (medico-industrial nexus, techno-scientific drivers, medical optimisation, biologisation, the rise of evidence and health surveillance) goes some way to capturing the use in elite sports injury of some highly specialised mainstream therapies and some highly maverick biological therapies, which are described. Nevertheless, these main strands of biomedicalisation do not capture the full range of these phenomena in the contexts of sports medicine and athletes' practices in accessing innovative, controversial therapies...
February 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213754/low-energy-availability-menstrual-dysfunction-and-low-bone-mineral-density-in-individuals-with-a-disability-implications-for-the-para-athlete-population
#2
REVIEW
Cheri A Blauwet, Emily M Brook, Adam S Tenforde, Elizabeth Broad, Caroline H Hu, Eliza Abdu-Glass, Elizabeth G Matzkin
Low energy availability, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea, and low bone mineral density are three interrelated conditions described in athletic women. Although described as the female athlete triad (Triad), males experience similar health concerns. The literature suggests that individuals with a disability may experience altered physiology related to these three conditions when compared with the able-bodied population. The goal of this review is to describe the unique implications of low energy availability, low bone mineral density, and, in females, menstrual dysfunction in individuals with a disability and their potential impact on the para athlete population...
February 17, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211600/feasibility-of-early-physical-therapy-for-dizziness-after-a-sports-related-concussion-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
J C Reneker, A Hassen, R S Phillips, M C Moughiman, M Donaldson, J Moughiman
The purpose of this study was to (a) assess the feasibility of recruitment/retention of participants, protocol/resource management, and participant safety, and (b) estimate the size of the effect between the experimental and control groups. This was a feasibility study conducted as a prospective pilot double-blind randomized clinical trial. Subjects aged 10-23 years old with acute concussion and dizziness were enrolled from sports medicine centers. Forty-one participants were randomized into treatment and were seen for physical therapy beginning at 10 days post-concussion...
February 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210805/transcutaneous-carbon-dioxide-application-accelerates-muscle-injury-repair-in-rat-models
#4
Shiho Akahane, Yoshitada Sakai, Takeshi Ueha, Hanako Nishimoto, Miho Inoue, Takahiro Niikura, Ryosuke Kuroda
PURPOSE: Skeletal muscle injuries are commonly observed in sports and traumatology medicine. Previously, we demonstrated that transcutaneous application of carbon dioxide (CO2) to lower limbs increased the number of muscle mitochondria and promoted muscle endurance. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether transcutaneous CO2 application could enhance recovery from muscle injury. METHODS: Tibialis anterior muscle damage was induced in 27 Sprague Dawley rats via intramuscular injection of bupivacaine...
February 16, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210658/patellar-maltracking-persists-in-adolescent-females-with-patellofemoral-pain-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Victor R Carlson, Barry P Boden, Aricia Shen, Jennifer N Jackson, Katharine E Alter, Frances T Sheehan
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain is one of the most common conditions seen in sports medicine practices, particularly among adolescent females. However, the natural history of the underlying pathology in patellofemoral pain during puberty remains poorly understood. PURPOSE: The purpose of this longitudinal study is to assess changes in patellar maltracking patterns in subjects with patellofemoral pain as they mature from mid- to late adolescence. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
February 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210654/postoperative-rehabilitation-after-rotator-cuff-repair-a-web-based-survey-of-aana-and-aossm-members
#6
Scott Mollison, Jason J Shin, Alexander Glogau, R Cole Beavis
BACKGROUND: Postoperative rehabilitation after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR) remains controversial and suffers from limited high-quality evidence. Therefore, appropriate use criteria must partially depend on expert opinion. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine and report on the standard and modified rehabilitation protocols after ARCR used by member orthopaedic surgeons of the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM) and the Arthroscopy Association of North America (AANA)...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210650/research-productivity-of-sports-medicine-fellowship-faculty
#7
Gregory L Cvetanovich, Bryan M Saltzman, Peter N Chalmers, Rachel M Frank, Brian J Cole, Bernard R Bach
BACKGROUND: Research productivity is considered an important factor in academic advancement in sports medicine. No study to date has evaluated academic productivity and correlates of academic rank for sports medicine fellowship faculty. PURPOSE: To describe the academic productivity of American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM) fellowship program faculty and to determine the association between academic productivity, fellowship characteristics, and academic rank...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203601/accredited-orthopaedic-sports-medicine-fellowship-websites-an-updated-assessment-of-accessibility-and-content
#8
Michael Yayac, Mitra Javandal, Mary K Mulcahey
BACKGROUND: A substantial number of orthopaedic surgeons apply for sports medicine fellowships after residency completion. The Internet is one of the most important resources applicants use to obtain information about fellowship programs, with the program website serving as one of the most influential sources. The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM), San Francisco Match (SFM), and Arthroscopy Association of North America (AANA) maintain databases of orthopaedic sports medicine fellowship programs...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199800/preventive-biomechanics
#9
Timothy E Hewett, Nathaniel A Bates
BACKGROUND: Preventive medicine techniques have alleviated billions of dollars' worth of the economic burden in the medical care system through the implementation of vaccinations and screenings before the onset of disease symptoms. Knowledge of biomechanical tendencies has progressed rapidly over the past 20 years such that clinicians can identify, in healthy athletes, the underlying mechanisms that lead to catastrophic injuries such as anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures. As such, preventive medicine concepts can be applied to noncontact musculoskeletal injuries to reduce the economic burden of sports medicine treatments and enhance the long-term health of athletes...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197894/anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-mr-imaging-findings
#10
REVIEW
M Zappia, R Capasso, D Berritto, N Maggialetti, C Varelli, G D'Agosto, M T Martino, M Carbone, L Brunese
More than two million people tear their anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) each year, and ACL reconstruction occupies a significant proportion of everyday orthopedic practice, being one of the most commonly performed sports medicine surgical procedures. Patients with postoperative symptoms are frequently imaged to monitor ligament grafts and to identify complications. Given the number of patients undergoing ACL reconstruction, knowledge of the potential complications of this surgery is essential for radiologists...
February 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194708/editorial-comment-symposium-the-3rd-annual-meeting-of-pediatric-research-in-sports-medicine-prism
#11
EDITORIAL
Matthew D Milewski, Hank G Chambers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194375/rehabilitation-of-hamstring-muscle-injuries-a-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Gabriel Amorim Ramos, Gustavo Gonçalves Arliani, Diego Costa Astur, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Benno Ejnisman, Moisés Cohen
Hamstring injuries are among the most frequent in sports. The high relapse rate is a challenge for sports medicine and has a great impact on athletes and sport teams. The treatment goal is to provide the athlete the same functional level as before the injury. Thus, functional rehabilitation is very important to the success of the treatment. Currently, several physical therapy modalities are used, according to the stage of the lesion, such as cryotherapy, laser therapy, therapeutic ultrasound, therapeutic exercise, and manual therapy...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187143/the-relation-between-exercise-and-glaucoma-in-a-south-korean-population-based-sample
#13
Shuai-Chun Lin, Sophia Y Wang, Louis R Pasquale, Kuldev Singh, Shan C Lin
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between exercise and glaucoma in a South Korean population-based sample. DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 11,246 subjects, 40 years and older who underwent health care assessment as part of the 2008-2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS: Variables regarding the duration (total minutes per week), frequency (days per week), and intensity of exercise (vigorous, moderate exercise and walking) as well as glaucoma prevalence were ascertained for 11,246 survey participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184307/low-back-pain-and-foki-rs2228570-polymorphism-of-vitamin-d-receptor-in-athletes
#14
Sabina Cauci, Francesca Migliozzi, Carlo Simone Trombetta, Ilaria Venuto, Paola Saccheri, Luciana Travan, Giovanni Chiriacò
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is common in athletes. LBP can be detrimental to athletic performance and health. Factors predisposing to LBP in athletes remain elusive and require further studies. We investigated whether carriage of a specific genotype and/or allele of vitamin D receptor gene (VDR) FokI polymorphism (rs2228570) was a risk factor for LBP in athletes of different sports disciplines. METHODS: This genotype/phenotype association case-control study included 60 Italian athletes (25 females and 35 males; mean age 33...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179260/medial-tibial-stress-syndrome-can-be-diagnosed-reliably-using-history-and-physical-examination
#15
M Winters, E W P Bakker, M H Moen, C C Barten, R Teeuwen, A Weir
BACKGROUND: The majority of sporting injuries are clinically diagnosed using history and physical examination as the cornerstone. There are no studies supporting the reliability of making a clinical diagnosis of medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS). AIM: Our aim was to assess if MTSS can be diagnosed reliably, using history and physical examination. We also investigated if clinicians were able to reliably identify concurrent lower leg injuries. METHODS: A clinical reliability study was performed at multiple sports medicine sites in The Netherlands...
February 8, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176368/pharmacological-inhibition-of-myostatin-protects-against-skeletal-muscle-atrophy-and-weakness-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tear
#16
Caroline N W Wurtzel, Jonathan P Gumucio, Jeremy A Grekin, Roger K Khouri, Carol S Davis, Alan J Russell, Asheesh Bedi, Christopher L Mendias
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are among the most frequent knee injuries in sports medicine, with tear rates in the US up to 250,000 per year. Many patients who suffer from ACL tears have persistent atrophy and weakness even after considerable rehabilitation. Myostatin is a cytokine that directly induces muscle atrophy, and previous studies rodent models and patients have demonstrated an upregulation of myostatin after ACL tear. Using a preclinical rat model, our objective was to determine if the use of a bioneutralizing antibody against myostatin could prevent muscle atrophy and weakness after ACL tear...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173930/methodology-for-astronaut-reconditioning-research
#17
David J Beard, Jonathan A Cook
Space medicine offers some unique challenges, especially in terms of research methodology. A specific challenge for astronaut reconditioning involves identification of what aspects of terrestrial research methodology hold and which require modification. This paper reviews this area and presents appropriate solutions where possible. It is concluded that spaceflight rehabilitation research should remain question/problem driven and is broadly similar to the terrestrial equivalent on small populations, such as rare diseases and various sports...
January 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165873/overuse-physeal-injuries-in-youth-athletes
#18
Amanda Arnold, Charles A Thigpen, Paul F Beattie, Michael J Kissenberth, Ellen Shanley
CONTEXT: Despite rising awareness of the risks associated with sports participation, overuse injuries continue to increase in youth athlete populations. Physeal injuries are one type of overuse injury exclusive to pediatric populations that are often sustained during athletic practice or competition. Overuse physeal injuries are, in theory, preventable; however, little consensus has been reached surrounding the risk factors, prevention, and treatment strategies. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review summarizes the best available evidence concerning overuse physeal injuries in youth and adolescent athletes...
February 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164813/exercise-and-sports-medicine-issues-in-underserved-populations
#19
REVIEW
Vincent Morelli, Daniel L Bedney, Arie Eric Dadush
Primary care providers can make a strong argument for exercise promotion in underserved communities. The benefits are vitally important in adolescent physical, cognitive, and psychological development as well as in adult disease prevention and treatment. In counseling such patients, we should take into account a patient's readiness for change and the barriers to exercise.
March 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146414/timing-of-lower-extremity-injuries-in-competition-and-practice-in-high-school-sports
#20
Kyle Nagle, Bernadette Johnson, Lina Brou, Tyler Landman, Ada Sochanska, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Laboratory-based experiments demonstrate that fatigue may contribute to lower extremity injury (LEI). Few studies have examined the timing of LEIs during competition and practice, specifically in high school athletes across multiple sports, to consider the possible relationship between fatigue and LEIs during sport events. HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to describe the timing of LEIs in high school athletes within games and practices across multiple sports, with a hypothesis that more and severe injuries occur later in games and practices...
February 1, 2017: Sports Health
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