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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812034/the-influence-of-medical-insurance-on-patient-access-to-orthopaedic-surgery-sports-medicine-appointments-under-the-affordable-care-act
#1
Daniel H Wiznia, Emmanuel Nwachuku, Alexander Roth, Chang-Yeon Kim, Ameya Save, Nidharshan S Anandasivam, Michael Medvecky, Richard Pelker
BACKGROUND: The goal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) was to expand patient access to health care. Since the rollout of the PPACA, Medicaid patients have demonstrated difficulty obtaining appointments in some specialty care settings. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of insurance type (Medicaid and private) on patient access to orthopaedic surgery sports medicine specialists for a semiurgent evaluation of a likely operative bucket-handle meniscus tear...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811191/can-psychological-well-being-scales-and-hormone-levels-be-used-to-predict-acute-performance-of-anaerobic-training-tasks-in-elite-female-volleyball-players
#2
Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, Michael C Zourdos, Vicente J Clemente-Suárez, Julio Calleja-González, Amber M Shipherd
The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between pre-training psychological well-being assessment scales (General Health Questionnaire-28-GHQ-28, Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2-CSAI-2, Sport Competition Anxiety Test-SCAT, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-S-STAI-S, Oviedo Sleep Questionnaire-OSQ and Psychological Characteristics Related to Sport Performance-PCSP), and pre-training stress hormone concentrations (cortisol-C, total testosterone-TT, free testosterone-FT, adrenocorticotropic hormone-ACTH and testosterone/cortisol-T/C ratios), on acute neuromuscular performance (ANP) in female volleyballers...
August 12, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810991/posterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-associated-with-military-survival-swim-training
#3
Michael S Crowell, John S Mason, Matthew A Posner, Chad A Haley
OBJECTIVES: Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries are relatively common injuries associated with athletic activities and high-energy trauma. Posterolateral corner (PLC) injuries frequently accompany injury to the PCL. Diagnosis can be challenging and requires a comprehensive history and physical examination. Patients frequently report vague, nonspecific symptoms and the mechanism of injury is often useful in localizing injured structures. Two of the more common mechanisms for PCL injury include a direct blow to the proximal anterior tibia with the knee flexed, as well as a significant knee hyperextension injury...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805553/top-10-research-questions-related-to-preventing-sudden-death-in-sport-and-physical-activity
#4
Rachel K Katch, Samantha E Scarneo, William M Adams, Lawrence E Armstrong, Luke N Belval, Julie M Stamm, Douglas J Casa
Participation in organized sport and recreational activities presents an innate risk for serious morbidity and mortality. Although death during sport or physical activity has many causes, advancements in sports medicine and evidence-based standards of care have allowed clinicians to prevent, recognize, and treat potentially fatal injuries more effectively. With the continual progress of research and technology, current standards of care are evolving to enhance patient outcomes. In this article, we provided 10 key questions related to the leading causes and treatment of sudden death in sport and physical activity, where future research will support safer participation for athletes and recreational enthusiasts...
September 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801751/activity-demands-during-multi-directional-team-sports-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Jeffrey B Taylor, Alexis A Wright, Steven L Dischiavi, M Allison Townsend, Adam R Marmon
BACKGROUND: Late-stage rehabilitation programs often incorporate 'sport-specific' demands, but may not optimally simulate the in-game volume or intensity of such activities as sprinting, cutting, jumping, and lateral movement. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to characterize, quantify, and compare straight-line running and multi-directional demands during sport competition. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases was conducted...
August 12, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800770/knowledge-of-pharmacy-students-about-doping-and-the-need-for-doping-education-a-questionnaire-survey
#6
Keita Shibata, Koichi Ichikawa, Naomi Kurata
BACKGROUND: Anti-doping activities are carried out on a global scale. Based on these activities, the specialty of "sports pharmacist," which entails a deeper comprehension of doping, use of supplements, and appropriate drug use for athletes, was established in 2009 in Japan. It is difficult to say whether the education on doping is adequate for pharmacy students who will be eligible to become sports pharmacists. It is also unclear how well these students understand doping. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate pharmacy students' current knowledge of appropriate drug use, doping and use of supplements, and to explore the need for further education on these topics...
August 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798200/wearable-physiological-monitoring-for-human-thermal-work-strain-optimization
#7
Mark J Buller, Alexander Pearson Welles, Karl E Friedl
Safe performance limits of soldiers and athletes have typically relied on predictive work-rest models of ambient conditions, average work intensity, and characteristics of the population. Bioengineering advances in noninvasive sensor technologies including miniaturization, reduced cost, power requirements, and comfort now make it possible to produce individual predictions of safe thermal-work limits. These precision medicine assessments depend on the development of thoughtful algorithms based on physics and physiology...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795008/sports-participation-recommendations-for-patients-with-bleeding-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Cailly Howell, Katherine Scott, Dilip R Patel
There are several sets of guidelines recommending sports participation for patients with bleeding disorders. Though there is a perceived risk of injury and the associated bleeding complications, several studies have been done in this patient population and have found no increased risk. In addition, there are many other benefits to participation including improvement in physical fitness status, better health outcomes, improvement in quality of life, and the development of increased flexibility, gait coordination, and muscular strength, which may actually reduce the risk of subsequent injury...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795004/the-female-athlete-triad-special-considerations-for-adolescent-female-athletes
#9
REVIEW
Kelly A Brown, Aditya V Dewoolkar, Nicole Baker, Colleen Dodich
The number of adolescent girls participating in sports has dramatically increased throughout the last few decades. In the early 1990's, an association between amenorrhea, osteoporosis, and disordered eating was recognized and eventually labeled the 'Female Athlete Triad'. In 1997, the Task Force on Women's Issues of American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) published a position statement on this triad of conditions that were becoming increasingly more prevalent amongst female athletes. Initially, the 'Female Athlete Triad' was characterized by disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781977/an-analysis-of-duplicate-presentations-at-the-2014-through-2016-aossm-and-aana-annual-meetings
#10
Matthew J Kraeutler, Trevor J Carver, Eric C McCarty
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown a high incidence of duplicate presentations at research conferences within different medical disciplines. PURPOSE: To determine the rate and analyze characteristics of duplicate presentations at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM) and Arthroscopy Association of North America (AANA) Annual Meetings. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Meeting programs for the 2014 to 2016 AOSSM and AANA Annual Meetings were searched...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777213/glenohumeral-instability-related-to-special-conditions-slap-tears-pan-labral-tears-and-multidirectional-instability
#11
Gregory S Van Blarcum, Steven J Svoboda
Glenohumeral instability is one of the more common conditions seen by sports medicine physicians, especially in young, active athletes. The associated anatomy of the glenohumeral joint (the shallow nature of the glenoid and the increased motion it allows) make the shoulder more prone to instability events as compared with other joints. Although traumatic dislocations or instability events associated with acute labral tears (ie, Bankart lesions) are well described in the literature, there exists other special shoulder conditions that are also associated with shoulder instability: superior labrum anterior/posterior (SLAP) tears, pan-labral tears, and multidirectional instability...
September 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777211/sports-medicine-and-arthroscopy-reviews-shoulder-instability
#12
Col Steven J Svoboda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768294/measurement-of-metabolic-fluxes-using-stable-isotope-tracers-in-whole-animals-and-human-patients
#13
Julie A Reisz, Angelo D'Alessandro
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Metabolic flux analysis using stable isotope labeled substrates allows for the tracing of carbon, nitrogen, and hydrogen atoms through metabolic pathways and is an invaluable tool for investigating dynamic metabolic changes occurring in health and disease. Studies of flux analysis in vivo are more technically challenging than in vitro or ex vivo but provide a highly detailed view of organ and/or systemic metabolism. We review here recent efforts in studies of diet and nutrition, non-small cell lung cancer, ischemia/reperfusion injury, and hemorrhagic shock where in vivo flux analysis was utilized to analyze metabolic modulation...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761712/statistical-testing-of-baseline-differences-in-sports-medicine-rcts-a-systematic-evaluation
#14
REVIEW
Ross L Peterson, Matthew Tran, Jonathan Koffel, Steven D Stovitz
BACKGROUND/AIM: The CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) statement discourages reporting statistical tests of baseline differences between groups in randomised controlled trials (RCTs). However, this practice is still common in many medical fields. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of this practice in leading sports medicine journals. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search in Medline through PubMed to identify RCTs published in the years 2005 and 2015 from 10 high-impact sports medicine journals...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756518/ethics-evidence-based-sports-medicine-and-the-use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-in-the-english-premier-league
#15
M J McNamee, C M Coveney, A Faulkner, J Gabe
The use of platelet rich plasma (PRP) as a novel treatment is discussed in the context of a qualitative research study comprising 38 interviews with sports medicine practitioners and other stakeholders working within the English Premier League during the 2013-16 seasons. Analysis of the data produced several overarching themes: conservatism versus experimentalism in medical attitudes; therapy perspectives divergence; conflicting versions of appropriate evidence; subcultures; community beliefs/practices; and negotiation of medical decision-making...
July 29, 2017: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756392/a-comprehensive-strength-testing-protocol-offers-no-clinical-value-in-predicting-risk-of-hamstring-injury-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-413-professional-football-players
#16
Nicol van Dyk, Roald Bahr, Angus F Burnett, Rod Whiteley, Arnhild Bakken, Andrea Mosler, Abdulaziz Farooq, Erik Witvrouw
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injuries remain prevalent across a number of professional sports. In football, the incidence has even increased by 4% per year at the Champions League level over the last decade. The role of muscle strength or strength ratios and their association with risk of hamstring injury remain restricted by small sample sizes and inconclusive results. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify risk factors for hamstring injury in professional football players in an adequately powered, prospective cohort study...
July 29, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756391/sports-medicine-highlights-from-other-journals
#17
Steffan Arthur Griffin, Ronan Kearney, Josh Heerey, Eoin Cunniffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756248/do-trials-of-resistance-training-to-improve-mobility-after-stroke-adhere-to-the-american-college-of-sports-medicine-guidelines-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Genevieve Hendrey, Anne E Holland, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Ross Clark, Gavin Williams
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether resistance training to improve mobility outcomes after stroke adhere to the ACSM guidelines, and whether adherence was associated with better outcomes. DATA SOURCES: Online databases searched from 1975 to 30 October 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials examining the effectiveness of lower limb strength training on mobility outcomes in adult stroke participants. DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS: Two independent reviewers completed data extraction...
July 26, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742610/near-point-of-convergence-and-gait-deficits-in-adolescents-after-sport-related-concussion
#19
David R Howell, Michael J OʼBrien, Aparna Raghuram, Ankoor S Shah, William P Meehan
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively examine gait characteristics of participants acutely after concussion with and without receded near point of convergence (NPC), compared with healthy controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Sports-medicine clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Patients examined after concussion (n = 33; mean ± SD = 7.2 ± 3.1 days) and a group of uninjured athletes (n = 31) completed a Postconcussion Symptom Scale, underwent NPC testing, and single/dual-task gait assessments...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742603/strengths-limitations-and-geographical-discrepancies-in-the-eligibility-criteria-for-sport-participation-in-young-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#20
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Raffaele Giordano, Nadia Assanta, Bruno Murzi, Manuel Melo, Eliana Franchi, Maura Crocetti, Giorgio Iervasi, Shelby Kutty
OBJECTIVE: Benefits of physical activity has been shown in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). In several forms of CHD, the risk of sudden death remains a major concern both for parents and clinicians, who in turn will have to consider the risk-benefit ratio of sport participation versus restriction. DATA SOURCE: A literature search was performed within the National Library of Medicine using the keywords: Sport, CHD, and Eligibility. The search was further refined by adding the keywords: Children, Adult, and Criteria...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
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