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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642676/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-protein-and-exercise
#1
REVIEW
Ralf Jäger, Chad M Kerksick, Bill I Campbell, Paul J Cribb, Shawn D Wells, Tim M Skwiat, Martin Purpura, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Arny A Ferrando, Shawn M Arent, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Jeffrey R Stout, Paul J Arciero, Michael J Ormsbee, Lem W Taylor, Colin D Wilborn, Doug S Kalman, Richard B Kreider, Darryn S Willoughby, Jay R Hoffman, Jamie L Krzykowski, Jose Antonio
The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review related to the intake of protein for healthy, exercising individuals. Based on the current available literature, the position of the Society is as follows:An acute exercise stimulus, particularly resistance exercise, and protein ingestion both stimulate muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and are synergistic when protein consumption occurs before or after resistance exercise.For building muscle mass and for maintaining muscle mass through a positive muscle protein balance, an overall daily protein intake in the range of 1...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632299/simningsorsakat-lung%C3%A3-dem-vid-svenska-f%C3%A3-rh%C3%A3-llanden-otillr%C3%A3-ckligt-studerat-erfarenheter-fr%C3%A3-n-vansbrosimningen-2016
#2
Annika Braman Eriksson, Martin Annsberg, Maria Hårdstedt
Swimming-induced pulmonary edema (SIPE) has been described in sports and military medicine during strenuous swimming in open water. Symptoms include dyspnea, cough, frothy mucus and hemoptysis. Hypertension, a tight wetsuit, overhydration and previous episodes of SIPE are suggested risk factors. Immediate interruption of swimming prevents more serious symptoms. In the open water race at Vansbro 2016, 69 swimmers (of 13,878 in total) were treated for symptoms suspected for SIPE. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) was successfully used to treat suspected SIPE in 46 patients in the on-site emergency care center...
June 20, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631257/the-validity-and-responsiveness-of-isometric-lower-body-multi-joint-tests-of-muscular-strength-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
David Drake, Rodney Kennedy, Eric Wallace
BACKGROUND: Researchers and practitioners working in sports medicine and science require valid tests to determine the effectiveness of interventions and enhance understanding of mechanisms underpinning adaptation. Such decision making is influenced by the supportive evidence describing the validity of tests within current research. The objective of this study is to review the validity of lower body isometric multi-joint tests ability to assess muscular strength and determine the current level of supporting evidence...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618868/appropriate-use-criteria-for-hyaluronic-acid-in-the-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-in-the-united-states
#4
Arup K Bhadra, Roy Altman, Vinod Dasa, Karen Myrick, Jeffrey Rosen, Vijay Vad, Peter Vitanzo, Michelle Bruno, Hillary Kleiner, Caryn Just
OBJECTIVE: A workgroup of clinical experts has developed an Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for the use of hyaluronic acid (HA) in the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. The increasingly broad and varied use of HA injections, lack of published clinical guidance, and limited coverage for their use has created the imperative to establish appropriateness criteria. METHODS: The experts of this workgroup represent rheumatology, orthopedic surgery, physiatry, sports medicine, and nursing clinicians with substantive knowledge of intra-articular HA therapy...
July 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617653/systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-taping-techniques-on-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome
#5
Catherine A Logan, Abhiram R Bhashyam, Ashley J Tisosky, Daniel B Haber, Anna Jorgensen, Adam Roy, Matthew T Provencher
CONTEXT: Taping is commonly used in the management of several musculoskeletal conditions, including patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Specific guidelines for taping are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of knee taping in the management of PFPS. Our hypothesis was that tension taping and exercise would be superior to placebo taping and exercise as well as to exercise or taping alone. DATA SOURCES: The PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane, Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine Source, and CINAHL databases were reviewed for English-language randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficacy of various taping techniques that were published between 1995 and April 2015...
June 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615996/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-safety-and-efficacy-of-creatine-supplementation-in-exercise-sport-and-medicine
#6
REVIEW
Richard B Kreider, Douglas S Kalman, Jose Antonio, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Robert Wildman, Rick Collins, Darren G Candow, Susan M Kleiner, Anthony L Almada, Hector L Lopez
Creatine is one of the most popular nutritional ergogenic aids for athletes. Studies have consistently shown that creatine supplementation increases intramuscular creatine concentrations which may help explain the observed improvements in high intensity exercise performance leading to greater training adaptations. In addition to athletic and exercise improvement, research has shown that creatine supplementation may enhance post-exercise recovery, injury prevention, thermoregulation, rehabilitation, and concussion and/or spinal cord neuroprotection...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610536/triceps-ruptures-after-fluoroquinolone-antibiotics-a-report-of-2-cases
#7
Theodore B Shybut, Ernest R Puckett
Rupture of the triceps brachii tendon is exceedingly rare, and surgical repair is generally indicated. Fluoroquinolone antibiotics have been implicated in tendon pathology, including tendon ruptures. Triceps rupture has not been previously reported in the setting of fluoroquinolone antibiotic therapy. We present 2 cases of triceps tendon rupture after treatment with fluoroquinolones. In both cases, triceps repair was performed with good outcomes. These cases highlight a risk of fluoroquinolone-induced tendinopathy to athletes...
June 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604366/flexible-electrochemical-biosensors-based-on-graphene-nanowalls-for-the-real-time-measurement-of-lactate
#8
Qianwei Chen, Tai Sun, Xuefen Song, Dapeng Wei, Qincui Ran, Chongsheng Yu, Jun Yang, Hua Feng, Leyong Yu
We demonstrated a flexible lactate detection biosensor based on L-lactate oxidase immobilized by chitosan film cross-linked with glutaraldehyde on the surface of graphene nanowalls (GNWs) electrode. The oxygen-plasma technique was developed to enhance the wettability of GNWs, and the sensors exhibited stronger oxidation response on the concentration of lactate. First, in order to eliminate the interference from other substances, biosensors were primarily tested in deionized water and displayed good electrochemical reversibility at different scan rates (20 mV/s to 100 mV/s), a large index range (1...
June 12, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600112/the-provision-of-medical-care-in-english-professional-football-an-update
#9
Dominic Malcolm, Andrea Scott-Bell, Ivan Waddington
OBJECTIVES: To compare the current methods of appointment, qualifications and occupational experience of club doctors and physiotherapists in English professional football with (i) those outlined in a study published in 1999, and (ii) Football Association (FA) medical regulations. DESIGN: Qualitative. METHODS: Postal questionnaire survey of (head) doctors and physiotherapists at each of the clubs in the English Premiership, Championship and Football Leagues 1 and 2...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594529/concussion-in-sports-what-do-orthopaedic-surgeons-need-to-know
#10
Patrick J Cahill, Christian Refakis, Eileen Storey, William C Warner
A concussion is a relatively common sports-related injury that affects athletes of all ages. Although not expected to replace sports medicine physicians and neurologists with regard to the management of concussions, orthopaedic surgeons, particularly those who are fellowship-trained in sports medicine, must have a current knowledge base of what a concussion is, how a concussion is diagnosed, and how a concussion should be managed. Orthopaedic surgeons should understand the pathophysiology, assessment, and management of concussion so that they have a basic comprehension of this injury that is at the forefront of the academic literature and North American media...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594508/lateral-ankle-instability-and-peroneal-tendon-pathology
#11
Michael Isiah Sandlin, Cyrus E Taghavi, Timothy P Charlton, Richard D Ferkel
Surgeons should understand the anatomic, vascular, biomechanical, and predisposing factors related to lateral ankle instability and peroneal tendon injuries, including peroneal tendinitis and tenosynovitis, peroneal tendon tears and ruptures, as well as peroneal tendon subluxation and dislocation. Surgeons should understand the treatment options and recommendations for patients who have lateral ankle instability and peroneal tendon injuries from the perspective of a sports medicine foot and ankle specialist...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594504/achilles-tendon-rupture-in-elite-athletes
#12
Michael Isiah Sandlin, Cyrus E Taghavi, Timothy P Charlton
The management of acute Achilles tendon rupture in elite athletes is a current area of clinical controversy. Recent studies have reported near-equivocal outcomes in patients who undergo either nonsurgical or surgical treatment of Achilles tendon rupture; however, similar functional outcomes may not be observed in elite athletes who are at the highest levels of athletic performance and undergo nonsurgical or surgical treatment of Achilles tendon rupture. Surgeons should understand the risks and benefits of nonsurgical and surgical management of acute Achilles tendon rupture...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587493/a-randomized-controlled-trail-of-a-new-treatment-for-labor-dystocia
#13
Eva Wiberg-Itzel, Susan Wray, Helena Åkerud
OBJECTIVE: Labor dystocia is an intransigent, high-profile issue in obstetric care. Amniotic fluid lactate (AFL) reflects the uterine metabolic status. High levels associate with subsequent need for operative intervention due to dystocia. In sports medicine it is known that lactic acid can affect muscular performance and can be decreased by bicarbonate given orally before physical activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred dystocic deliveries were included. At the confirmation of dystocia, the AFL- level was analyzed...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577782/orthobiologics-in-pediatric-sports-medicine
#14
REVIEW
Christopher C Bray, Clark M Walker, David D Spence
Orthobiologics are biological substances that allow injured muscles, tendons, ligaments, and bone to heal more quickly. They are found naturally in the body; at higher concentrations they can aid in the healing process. These substances include autograft bone, allograft bone, demineralized bone matrix, bone morphogenic proteins, growth factors, stem cells, plasma-rich protein, and ceramic grafts. Their use in sports medicine has exploded in efforts to increase graft incorporation, stimulate healing, and get athletes back to sport with problems including anterior cruciate ligament ruptures, tendon ruptures, cartilage injuries, and fractures...
July 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560233/evolution-current-status-and-advances-in-application-of-platelet-concentrate-in-periodontics-and-implantology
#15
REVIEW
Amit Arvind Agrawal
Platelet concentrates (PC) [platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF)] are frequently used for surgical procedures in medical and dental fields, particularly in oral and maxillofacial surgery, plastic surgery and sports medicine. The objective of all these technologies is to extract all the elements from a blood sample that could be used to improve healing and promote tissue regeneration. Although leukocyte rich and leukocyte poor PRP's have their own place in literature, the importance of non-platelet components in a platelet concentrate remains a mystery...
May 16, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557968/medicine-and-physiotherapy-students-are-they-physically-active-comparative-research-on-spanish-and-german-population
#16
Krystyna Zeńczak-Praga, Joanna Pluto-Prondzinska, Małgorzata Zgorzalewicz-Stachowiak
Despite the fact that regular physical activity is beneficial to human life, there are still more and more overweight and obese people throughout the world today. Healthy habits taken from home or socioeconomic situation are factors which might influence on regular physical activity. People who lead a healthy lifestyle in childhood are also active during adulthood. On the other hand academic life might promote less healthy lifestyle. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess and compare the level of physical activity of both German and Spanish students of Medicine and Physiotherapy...
May 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557860/applying-the-acsm-preparticipation-screening-algorithm-to-u-s-adults-nhanes-2001-04
#17
Geoffrey P Whitfield, Deborah Riebe, Meir Magal, Gary Liguori
PURPOSE: For most people, the benefits of physical activity far outweigh the risks. Research has suggested exercise preparticipation questionnaires might refer an unwarranted number of adults for medical evaluation before exercise initiation, creating a potential barrier to adoption. The new American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) prescreening algorithm relies on current exercise participation; history and symptoms of cardiovascular, metabolic or renal disease; and desired exercise intensity to determine referral status...
May 26, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557527/return-to-play-after-shoulder-instability-surgery-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-division-i-intercollegiate-football-athletes
#18
R Judd Robins, Jimmy H Daruwalla, Seth C Gamradt, Eric C McCarty, Jason L Dragoo, Robert E Hancock, Jeffrey A Guy, George A Cotsonis, John W Xerogeanes, Patrick E Greis, Jeffrey M Tuman, James E Tibone, Matthew A Javernick, Eric M Yochem, Stephanie A Boden, Alexis Pilato, Jennifer H Miley
BACKGROUND: Recent attention has focused on the optimal surgical treatment for recurrent shoulder instability in young athletes. Collision athletes are at a higher risk for recurrent instability after surgery. PURPOSE: To evaluate variables affecting return-to-play (RTP) rates in Division I intercollegiate football athletes after shoulder instability surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Invitations to participate were made to select sports medicine programs that care for athletes in Division I football conferences (Pac-12 Conference, Southeastern Conference [SEC], Atlantic Coast Conference [ACC])...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550427/the-fifty-highest-cited-papers-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#19
Ines Vielgut, Jan Dauwe, Andreas Leithner, Lukas A Holzer
INTRODUCTION: The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most common injured knee ligaments and at the same time, one of the most frequent injuries seen in the sport orthopaedic practice. Due to the clinical relevance of ACL injuries, numerous papers focussing on this topic including biomechanical-, basic science-, clinical- or animal studies, were published. The purpose of this study was to determine the most frequently cited scientific articles which address this subject, establish a ranking of the 50 highest cited papers and analyse them according to their characteristics...
July 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530851/chondral-injuries-and-irreparable-meniscal-tears-among-adolescents-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-or-meniscal-tears-are-more-common-in-patients-with-public-insurance
#20
Ariel A Williams, Nickolas S Mancini, Matthew J Solomito, Carl W Nissen, Matthew D Milewski
BACKGROUND: Access to health care services is a critical component of health care reform and may differ among patients with different types of insurance. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to compare adolescents with private and public insurance undergoing surgery for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and/or meniscal tears. We hypothesized that patients with public insurance would have a delayed presentation from the time of injury and therefore would have a higher incidence of chondral injuries and irreparable meniscal tears and lower preoperative International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores than patients with private insurance...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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