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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731885/effectiveness-of-a-posterior-shoulder-stretching-program-on-university-level-overhead-athletes-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Judy C Chepeha, David J Magee, Martin Bouliane, David Sheps, Lauren Beaupre
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a posterior shoulder stretch was effective in increasing internal rotation (IR) and horizontal adduction (HAd) range of motion (ROM) in overhead athletes identified as having reduced mobility. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial (parallel design). SETTING: University-based sports medicine clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-seven university-level athletes in volleyball, swimming, and tennis, with IR ROM deficits ≥15°, were randomized into intervention or control groups...
July 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724709/-caution-this-treatment-is-a-placebo-it-might-work-but-it-might-not-why-emerging-mechanistic-evidence-for-placebo-effects-does-not-legitimise-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-in-sport
#2
EDITORIAL
Chris Beedie, Greg Whyte, Andrew M Lane, Emma Cohen, John Raglin, Phil Hurst, Damian Coleman, Abby Foad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717613/morphometric-evaluation-of-human-tendocalcaneus-a-cadaveric-study-of-south-indian-male-population
#3
Naveen Kumar, Ashwini P Aithal, Satheesha B Nayak, Jyothsna Patil, Abhinitha Padavinangadi, Biswa Bina Ray
INTRODUCTION: Tendocalcaneus or Achilles tendon is formed by the fusion of the tendons of gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. Normal morphometric measurements of tendo-calcaneus serves an important landmark in its anthropometric evaluation and biomechanical characteristics. Hence the objective of this study was to provide detailed morphometric profile of tendocalcaneus in south indian cadaveric male population. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A total of 64 dissected adult limbs was studied...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714763/effects-of-trial-duration-on-intrasession-reliability-of-single-leg-balance-testing-on-stable-and-unstable-surfaces
#4
Bryan I Riemann, Kelsey Piersol, George J Davies
CONTEXT: Single leg balance testing is a commonly used tool in sports medicine; however, there has been no consensus on trial duration needed to obtain reliable measures. OBJECTIVE: This investigation sought to determine the minimum trial duration required to obtain the highest intrasession single and average trial reliability for single leg balance testing on stable and unstable surfaces using dominant and nondominant limbs. DESIGN: Intrasession reliability...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713470/differences-in-anthropometry-biological-age-and-physical-fitness-between-young-elite-kayakers-and-canoeists
#5
Daniel López-Plaza, Fernando Alacid, José María Muyor, Pedro Ángel López-Miñarro
The aim of this study was to determine the anthropometric and physical characteristics of youth elite paddlers and to identify the differences between kayakers and canoeists. A total of 171 male paddlers (eighty-nine kayakers and eighty-two canoeists), aged 13.69 ± 0.57 years (mean ± SD) volunteered to participate in this study. The participants completed basic anthropometric assessments (body mass, stretch stature, sitting height, body mass index, maturity level, sum of 6 skinfolds and fat mass percentage) as well as a battery of physical fitness tests (overhead medicine ball throw, counter movement jump, sit-and-reach and 20 m multi-stage shuttle run tests)...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709167/sports-medicine-international-open-recently-published
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706923/influence-of-abo-blood-group-on-sports-performance
#7
Giuseppe Lippi, Giorgio Gandini, Gian Luca Salvagno, Spyros Skafidas, Luca Festa, Elisa Danese, Martina Montagnana, Fabian Sanchis-Gomar, Cantor Tarperi, Federico Schena
BACKGROUND: Despite being a recessive trait, the O blood group is the most frequent worldwide among the ABO blood types. Since running performance has been recognized as a major driver of evolutionary advantage in humans, we planned a study to investigate whether the ABO blood group may have an influence on endurance running performance in middle-aged recreational athletes. METHODS: The study population consisted of 52 recreational, middle-aged, Caucasian athletes (mean age: 49±13 years, body mass index, 23...
June 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704859/sports-medicine-international-open-recently-published
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704621/making-sense-of-low-back-pain-and-pain-related-fear
#9
Samantha Bunzli, Anne Smith, Robert Schütze, Ivan Lin, Peter O'Sullivan
Synopsis Pain-related fear is implicated in the transition from acute to chronic low back pain and the persistence of disabling low back pain, making it a key target for physiotherapy intervention. The current understanding of pain-related fear is that it is a psychopathological problem where people who catastrophise about the meaning of pain become trapped in a vicious cycle of avoidance behaviour, pain and disability, as recognised in the Fear Avoidance Model. However there is evidence that pain-related fear can also be seen as a common sense response to deal with low back pain, for example, when one is told that their back is vulnerable, degenerating or damaged...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696994/zika-virus-the-topic-that-should-not-be-forgotten-in-sport-medicine
#10
Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696988/body-mass-index-as-a-predictor-of-injuries-in-athletics
#11
Adae O Amoako, Ariel Nassim, Cory Keller
The quest to identify injury risk factors in sports has been an ongoing and well-researched field in the world of sports medicine. Knowing some of these factors helps keep sports participation safe. Both intrinsic and extrinsic factors have been studied. Body mass index (BMI) is widely known to contribute to several medical conditions. Its association with some sports injuries has been established but the information is vast, with few studies that are randomized controlled trials. It is important to analyze these studies and confirm whether BMI is a predictor of lower-extremity injuries...
July 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696958/rock-climbing-related-bone-marrow-edema-of-the-hand-a-follow-up-study
#12
Christoph Lutter, Thomas Hochholzer, Thomas Bayer, Volker Schöffl
OBJECTIVE: Sport climbers strain passive and active anatomical structures of their hands and fingers to the maximum during training or competition. This study was designed to investigate bone marrow edema (BME) in rock climbing athletes. DESIGN: Systematic detection, treatment, and follow-up investigation of rock climbing athletes with BME of the hand. SETTING: Primary-level orthopedic surgery and sports medicine division of a large academic medical center...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684215/design-of-wearable-and-wireless-multi-parameter-monitoring-system-for-evaluating-cardiopulmonary-function
#13
Shih-Hong Li, Bor-Shing Lin, Chen-An Wang, Cheng-Ta Yang, Bor-Shyh Lin
The 6-minute walking test (6MWT) is the test most commonly used to evaluate cardiopulmonary function in patients with respiratory or heart disease. However, there was previously no integrated monitoring system available to simultaneously record both the real-time cardiopulmonary physiological parameters and the walking information (i.e., walking distance, speed, and acceleration) during the 6MWT. In this study, then, a wearable and wireless multi-parameter monitoring system was proposed to simultaneously monitor oxygen saturation (SpO2), heart rhythm, and the walking information during the 6MWT...
July 3, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684053/three-step-method-for-menstrual-and-oral-contraceptive-cycle-verification
#14
Mia A Schaumberg, David G Jenkins, Xanne A K Janse de Jonge, Lynne M Emmerton, Tina L Skinner
OBJECTIVES: Fluctuating endogenous and exogenous ovarian hormones may influence exercise parameters; yet control and verification of ovarian hormone status is rarely reported and limits current exercise science and sports medicine research. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an individualised three-step method in identifying the mid-luteal or high hormone phase in endogenous and exogenous hormone cycles in recreationally-active women and determine hormone and demographic characteristics associated with unsuccessful classification...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683782/a-descriptive-study-of-self-medication-practices-among-sri-lankan-national-level-athletes
#15
A D A Fernando, L M H Bandara, H M S T Bandara, S Pilapitiya, A de Silva
BACKGROUND: Intake of medicines and supplements is widespread among the professional athletes in developed countries and there are reports to suggest inappropriate self-administration of medicine. Data from South Asia on this area is lacking. This study examined self-medication practices with regard to use of allopathic and herbal/traditional medicines among national -level Sri Lankan athletes. RESULTS: 209 athletes from 15 national sport teams were assessed using an anonymous, interviewer administered questionnaire...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680454/piperine-enhances-carbohydrate-fat-metabolism-in-skeletal-muscle-during-acute-exercise-in-mice
#16
Jisu Kim, Kang-Pa Lee, Dae-Won Lee, Kiwon Lim
BACKGROUND: Exercise promotes energy metabolism (e.g., metabolism of glucose and lipids) in skeletal muscles; however, reactive oxygen species are also generated during exercise. Various spices have been reported to have beneficial effects in sports medicine. Here, we investigated the effects of piperine, an active compound in black pepper, to determine its effects on metabolism during acute endurance exercise. METHODS: ICR mice (n = 18) were divided into three groups: nonexercise (CON), exercise (EX), and exercise with piperine (5 mg/kg) treatment (EP)...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676154/new-generalized-equation-for-predicting-maximal-oxygen-uptake-from-the-fitness-registry-and-the-importance-of-exercise-national-database
#17
Peter Kokkinos, Leonard A Kaminsky, Ross Arena, Jiajia Zhang, Jonathan Myers
Impaired cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is closely linked to chronic illness and associated with adverse events. The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) regression equations (ACSM equations) developed to estimate oxygen uptake have known limitations leading to well-documented overestimation of CRF, especially at higher work rates. Thus, there is a need to explore alternative equations to more accurately predict CRF. We assessed maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) obtained directly by open-circuit spirometry in 7,983 apparently healthy subjects who participated in the Fitness Registry and the Importance of Exercise National Database (FRIEND)...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676021/medical-management-and-risk-reduction-of-the-cardiovascular-effects-of-underwater-diving
#18
Thomas F Whayne
Undersea diving is a sport and commercial industry. Knowledge of potential problems began with Caisson disease or "the bends", first identified with compressed air in the construction of tunnels under rivers in the 19th century. Subsequently, there was the commercially used old-fashioned diving helmet attached to a suit, with compressed air pumped down from the surface. Breathhold diving, with no supplementary source of air or other breathing mixture, is also a sport as well as a commercial fishing tool in some parts of the world...
June 20, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674304/current-status-of-doping-in-japan-based-on-japan-anti-doping-disciplinary-panels-of-the-japan-anti-doping-agency-jada-a-suggestion-on-anti-doping-activities-by-pharmacists-in-japan
#19
Takashi Imanishi, Takayoshi Kawabata, Akira Takayama
 In 2009, the Japan Anti-Doping Agency (JADA) established the "Sports Pharmacist Accreditation Program" to prevent doping in sports. Since then, anti-doping activities in Japan have been attracting attention. In this study, we investigated research about the current status of doping from 2007 to 2014 in Japan to make anti-doping activities more concrete, and we also discussed future anti-doping activities by pharmacists. In Japan, bodybuilding was the sporting event with the highest number and rate of doping from 2007 to 2014...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672284/association-of-concussion-with-abnormal-menstrual-patterns-in-adolescent-and-young-women
#20
Meredith L Snook, Luke C Henry, Joseph S Sanfilippo, Anthony J Zeleznik, Anthony P Kontos
Importance: Brain injury may interrupt menstrual patterns by altering hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis function. Investigators have yet to evaluate the association of concussion with menstrual patterns in young women. Objective: To compare abnormal menstrual patterns in adolescent and young women after a sport-related concussion with those after sport-related orthopedic injuries to areas other than the head (nonhead). Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study of adolescent and young women with a sport-related concussion (n = 68) or a nonhead sport-related orthopedic injury (n = 61) followed up participants for 120 days after injury...
July 3, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
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