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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351712/-immigrated-physicians-chances-and-challenges
#1
Isabel Hohmann, Heide Glaesmer, Yuriy Nesterko
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In the health care infrastructure of Germany a demand for physicians with immigrant background exists. The situation of immigrated physicians is largely unexplored so far. In the framework of a pilot study stressors and resources of physicians with immigrant background have been explored concerning their migration-related experiences at German hospitals, and within the medical team. METHODS: As part of a qualitative analysis 8 physicians with immigrant background have been interviewed (problem-centered interview) from July to September 2014...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351660/behavior-change-is-not-one-size-fits-all-psychosocial-phenotypes-of-childhood-obesity-prevention-intervention-participants
#2
Marissa Burgermaster, Isobel Contento, Pamela Koch, Lena Mamykina
Variability in individuals' responses to interventions may contribute to small average treatment effects of childhood obesity prevention interventions. But, neither the causes of this individual variability nor the mechanism by which it influences behavior are clear. We used qualitative methods to characterize variability in students' responses to participating in a childhood obesity prevention intervention and psychosocial characteristics related to the behavior change process. We interviewed 18 students participating in a school-based curriculum and policy behavior change intervention...
January 17, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351552/in-situ-recording-of-ionic-currents-in-projection-neurons-and-kenyon-cells-in-the-olfactory-pathway-of-the-honeybee
#3
Jan Kropf, Wolfgang Rössler
The honeybee olfactory pathway comprises an intriguing pattern of convergence and divergence: ~60.000 olfactory sensory neurons (OSN) convey olfactory information on ~900 projection neurons (PN) in the antennal lobe (AL). To transmit this information reliably, PNs employ relatively high spiking frequencies with complex patterns. PNs project via a dual olfactory pathway to the mushroom bodies (MB). This pathway comprises the medial (m-ALT) and the lateral antennal lobe tract (l-ALT). PNs from both tracts transmit information from a wide range of similar odors, but with distinct differences in coding properties...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351520/beyond-clinical-complexity-non-medical-barriers-to-nursing-home-care-for-rural-residents
#4
Carrie Henning-Smith, Katy B Kozhimannil, Michelle M Casey, Shailendra Prasad
We conducted a qualitative content analysis of barriers to nursing home admission for rural residents. Data came from semi-structured interviews with 23 rural hospital discharge planners across five states (Georgia, Idaho, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin). From those, we identified four themes around non-medical barriers to rural nursing home placement with particular salience in rural areas: financial issues; transportation; nursing home availability and infrastructure; and timeliness. We also identified policy and programmatic interventions across four themes: loosen bureaucratic requirements; improve communication between facilities; increase rural long-term care capacity; and address underlying social determinants of health...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351507/-i-smoke-like-this-to-suppress-these-issues-that-are-flaws-of-my-character-challenges-and-facilitators-of-cessation-among-smokers-with-bipolar-disorder
#5
Jaimee L Heffner, Noreen L Watson, Jennifer B McClure, Robert M Anthenelli, Sarah Hohl, Jonathan B Bricker
OBJECTIVE: Smokers with bipolar disorder (BD) have low rates of successful quitting, yet no prior studies have evaluated the process of quitting among these smokers in the context of a current quit attempt. To facilitate development of more effective interventions, we conducted a qualitative exploration of challenges and facilitators of quitting in an intervention study for smokers with BD. METHODS: Participants were adult daily smokers with BD (n = 10) who completed a 10-week smoking cessation intervention consisting of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and nicotine patch...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351505/helping-mediating-and-gaining-recognition-the-everyday-identity-work-of-romanian-health-social-workers
#6
Alexandra Ciocănel, Florin Lazăr, Shari Munch, Cara Harmon, Georgiana-Cristina Rentea, Daniela Gaba, Anca Mihai
Health social work is a field with challenges, opportunities, and ways of professing social work that may vary between different national contexts. In this article, we look at how Romanian health social workers construct their professional identity through their everyday identity work. Drawing on a qualitative study based on interviews with 21 health social workers working in various organizational contexts, we analyze what health social workers say they do and how this shapes their self-conception as professionals...
January 19, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351289/the-rumour-spectrum
#7
Nicolas Turenne
Rumour is an old social phenomenon used in politics and other public spaces. It has been studied for only hundred years by sociologists and psychologists by qualitative means. Social media platforms open new opportunities to improve quantitative analyses. We scanned all scientific literature to find relevant features. We made a quantitative screening of some specific rumours (in French and in English). Firstly, we identified some sources of information to find them. Secondly, we compiled different reference, rumouring and event datasets...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351288/environmental-enteric-dysfunction-pathways-and-child-stunting-a-systematic-review
#8
Kaitlyn M Harper, Maxine Mutasa, Andrew J Prendergast, Jean Humphrey, Amee R Manges
BACKGROUND: Environmental enteric dysfunction (EED) is commonly defined as an acquired subclinical disorder of the small intestine, characterized by villous atrophy and crypt hyperplasia. EED has been proposed to underlie stunted growth among children in developing countries. A collection of biomarkers, organized into distinct domains, has been used to measure different aspects of EED. Here, we examine whether these hypothesized relationships, among EED domains and between each domain and stunting, are supported by data from recent studies...
January 19, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351233/postpartum-women-s-perspectives-of-engaging-with-a-dietitian-and-exercise-physiologist-via-video-consultations-for-weight-management-a-qualitative-evaluation
#9
Lisa Vincze, Megan E Rollo, Melinda J Hutchesson, Robin Callister, Debbe I Thompson, Clare E Collins
Optimising weight status after childbirth is important. Video consultations are an unexplored opportunity to deliver real-time support to postpartum women to improve lifestyle behaviours. This study aims to provide insight into postpartum women's perspectives of engaging with a dietitian and exercise physiologist through video consultations for tailored nutrition and exercise care. A qualitative study using individual telephone interviews (13-36 min) was undertaken. 21 women (body mass index (BMI): 28.1 ± 3...
January 19, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351195/seeing-context-through-metaphor-using-communications-research-to-bring-a-social-determinants-perspective-to-public-thinking-about-child-abuse-and-neglect
#10
Nathaniel Kendall-Taylor, Kate Stanley
Human beings think in metaphor and reason through analogy. The metaphors through which we think influence how we understand and feel about social issues as well as the actions that we see as appropriate and important. Metaphors can be used to increase understanding of how issues work and increase the salience of a given issue, build support for programs and policies necessary to address the issue, and instigate demand for change and civic action. In this paper, we use a mixed methods research design, including brief qualitative interviews, experimental surveys, and focus groups, to test the ability of different metaphors to influence public understanding of the social determinants of child abuse and neglect in the UK...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351132/mixed-methods-approach-to-humanistic-interprofessional-faculty-development
#11
Alice Fornari, Leanne M Tortez, Monika Lay, Bruce Hirsch, Donna Tanzi, Isabel Friedman, Alison P Ricardo, Renee Pekmezaris, William Branch
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Mentoring and Professionalism in Training (MAP-IT) program, a longitudinal, interprofessional faculty development curriculum designed to enhance clinicians' humanistic mentoring skills, specifically nurses and physicians. METHODS: During 2014 to 2016, two consecutive cohorts of nurses and physicians completed the MAP-IT program. Participants included 169 high potential mentors (HPMs) and 61 facilitator leaders...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351046/young-adults-experience-of-appearance-altering-orthognathic-surgery-a-longitudinal-interpretative-phenomenologic-analysis
#12
Morna J Liddle, Sarah R Baker, Keith G Smith, Andrew R Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To gain an experiential account of the processes of change associated specifically with orthognathic surgery. DESIGN: A qualitative design was used. Semistructured interviews were carried out with 7 participants approximately 1 week before and 6-8 weeks after surgery. The data were analyzed using interpretative phenomenologic analysis (IPA). SETTING: Participants were recruited from a NHS Dental Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged 16 to 25 years scheduled to undergo orthognathic surgery on both the upper and lower jaws were purposively sought to participate...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351005/an-integrated-operational-definition-and-conceptual-model-of-asthma-self-management-in-teens
#13
Jennifer Mammen, Hyekyun Rhee, Sally A Norton, Arlene M Butz, Jill S Halterman, Kimberly Arcoleo
OBJECTIVES: A previous definition of adolescent asthma self-management was derived from interviews with clinicians/researchers and published literature; however, it did not incorporate perspectives of teens or parents. Therefore, we conducted in-depth interviews with teens and parents and synthesized present findings with the prior analysis to develop a more encompassing definition and model. METHODS: Focal concepts were qualitatively extracted from 14-day self-management voice-diaries (n = 14) and 1-hour interviews (n = 42) with teens and parents (28 individuals) along with concepts found in the previous clinical/research oriented analysis...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350955/rate-dependence-of-elementary-rearrangements-and-spatiotemporal-correlations-in-the-3d-flow-of-soft-solids
#14
Vishwas V Vasisht, Sudeep K Dutta, Emanuela Del Gado, Daniel L Blair
We use a combination of confocal microscopy, rheology, and molecular dynamics simulations to investigate jammed emulsions under shear, by analyzing the 3D droplets rearrangements in the shear frame. Our quantitative analysis of local dynamics reveals elementary nonaffine rearrangements that underlie the onset of the flow at small strains. We find that the mechanism of unjamming and the upturn in the material flow curve are associated to a qualitative change in spatiotemporal correlations of such rearrangements with the applied shear rate...
January 5, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350780/an-evolutionary-concept-analysis-of-futility-in-healthcare
#15
Lauren Morata
AIM: To report a concept analysis of futility in healthcare. BACKGROUND: Each member of the healthcare team, the physician, the nurse, the patient, the family and all others involved perceive futility differently. The current evidence and knowledge in regard to futility in healthcare manifest a plethora of definitions, meanings and interpretations without consensus. DESIGN: Concept analysis. DATA SOURCES: Databases searched included Medline, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Academic Search Premier, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and PsycINFO...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350776/the-existential-experience-of-everyday-life-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#16
Janni Lisander Larsen, Elisabeth O C Hall, Søren Jacobsen, Regner Birkelund
AIM: To explore, from the perspective of women the nature of basic existential conditions while living with systemic lupus erythematosus. BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus has an unpredictable disease course and is documented to cause an existential rearrangement of life. The significance of changes in existential conditions and related experiences are unclear in the context of nursing and women with systemic lupus erythematosus. DESIGN: A qualitative design guided by Van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological methodology...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350747/low-semen-quality-and-experiences-of-masculinity-and-family-building
#17
Randi Sylvest, Jeanette Krogh Fürbringer, Anja Pinborg, Emily Koert, Jeanette Bogstad, Kristine Loessl, Lisbeth Praetorius, Lone Schmidt
INTRODUCTION: Infertility is a concern for men and women.There is limited knowledge on how male factor infertility affects the couple in fertility treatment. The aim of this study was to explore how severe male factor infertility affects men's sense of masculinity, the couple's relationship and intentions about family formation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interview study at the Fertility Clinic at Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark...
January 19, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350656/italian-version-of-dyspnoea-12-cultural-linguistic-validation-quantitative-and-qualitative-content-validity-study
#18
Rosario Caruso, Cristina Arrigoni, Katia Groppelli, Arianna Magon, Federica Dellafiore, Francesco Pittella, Anna Maria Grugnetti, Massimo Chessa, Janelle Yorke
BACKGROUND: Dyspnoea-12 is a valid and reliable scale to assess dyspneic symptom, considering its severity, physical and emotional components. However, it is not available in Italian version due to it was not yet translated and validated. For this reason, the aim of this study was to develop an Italian version Dyspnoea-12, providing a cultural and linguistic validation, supported by the quantitative and qualitative content validity. METHODS: This was a methodological study, divided into two phases: phase one is related to the cultural and linguistic validation, phase two is related to test the quantitative and qualitative content validity...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350552/role-strain-part-2-perceptions-among-athletic-trainers-employed-in-the-professional-practice-setting
#19
Manual G Romero, William A Pitney, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Kirk Brumels
CONTEXT:   Athletic trainers (ATs) employed in the professional sports setting (ATPSSs) demonstrate moderate to high degrees of role strain. The experiences and perceptions of these ATs provide insight regarding the sources of role strain as well as ways to reduce it. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the perceptions of ATPSSs regarding role strain. DESIGN:   Qualitative study. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   From a purposeful sampling of 389 ATs employed in the 5 major sport leagues (Major League Baseball, Major League Soccer, National Basketball Association, National Football League, and National Hockey League), we identified 34 participants willing to participate in a phone interview...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350546/-we-re-like-a-gang-we-stick-together-experiences-of-ventricular-assist-device-communities
#20
Holly C Standing, Catherine Exley, Guy A MacGowan, Tim Rapley
BACKGROUND: Ventricular assist devices (VADs) are a relatively new development in the management of advanced heart failure. In the UK, VAD recipients comprise a unique group of less than 200 patients. This is the first paper to explore the experience of VAD communities, the extent to which communities are developed around the device, and how these influence the experience of living with the VAD. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 20 VAD recipients (implanted as a bridge to transplantation), 11 interviews also included the VAD recipients' partners...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
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