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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169104/reconciling-ethical-and-economic-conceptions-of-value-in-health-policy-using-the-capabilities-approach-a-qualitative-investigation-of-non-invasive-prenatal-testing
#1
Mia Kibel, Meredith Vanstone
When evaluating new morally complex health technologies, policy decision-makers consider a broad range of different evaluations, which may include the technology's clinical effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and social or ethical implications. This type of holistic assessment is challenging, because each of these evaluations may be grounded in different and potentially contradictory assumptions about the technology's value. One such technology where evaluations conflict is Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT)...
November 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169068/effects-of-a-service-earning-experience-on-confidence-and-clinical-skills-in-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#2
Jennifer Saylor, Lindsey Hertsenberg, Malissa McQuillan, Ashley O'Connell, Kimberly Shoe, Christina J Calamaro
BACKGROUND: Camp programs yield positive and lasting benefits for children. Integrating a summer camp into a nurse course with a service learning design fosters learning beyond the classroom and enhances community engagement. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the nursing students' experience and perceived confidence after completing a service learning nursing course. DESIGN: This is a descriptive, qualitative research study that used reflection and a perceived confidence questionnaire...
November 20, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169057/synthetic-social-support-theorizing-lay-health-worker-interventions
#3
Nicola K Gale, Sara Kenyon, Christine MacArthur, Kate Jolly, Lucy Hope
Levels of social support are strongly associated with health outcomes and inequalities. The use of lay health workers (LHWs) has been suggested by policy makers across the world as an intervention to identify risks to health and to promote health, particularly in disadvantaged communities. However, there have been few attempts to theorize the work undertaken by LHWs to understand how interventions work. In this article, the authors present the concept of 'synthetic socialsupport' and distinguish it from the work of health professionals or the spontaneous social support received from friends and family...
November 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168954/social-mobilization-for-safe-transition-from-adolescence-a-qualitative-research-in-iran
#4
Nezal Azh, Fatemeh Nahidi, Giti Ozgoli, Gelayol Ardalan
Introduction Until now, the services provided to Iranian youth have been prepared based on authorities' perspectives and according to the resources and reports from other countries and international agencies. Using youth perspectives to provide health, however, helps in continuing the process of providing health services, and most young people will receive these services. Objective To explain perception of youth and key individuals to improve health programs for safe transition in Iran. Methodology This study is a qualitative research with a grounded theory approach...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168945/analysis-of-the-experiences-of-nurses-who-return-to-nursing-after-cancer
#5
Karen-Leigh Edward, Jo-Ann Giandinoto, Judelle McFarland
BACKGROUND: understanding the impact of role ambiguity (both professional and patient) can be a factor in deepening the understanding of the ongoing personal, professional and organisational requirements of nurses who are cancer survivors. PURPOSE: the aim of this qualitative study was to elucidate an in-depth description of nurses' experiences of surviving cancer. METHOD: an exploratory qualitative research design was used (n=8), with participants recruited between September 2014 and December 2016...
November 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168886/phytochemical-profiling-of-anti-inflammatory-lavandula-extracts-via-rp-hplc-dad-qtof-ms-and-ms-ms-assessment-of-their-qualitative-and-quantitative-differences
#6
María Del Mar Contreras, Francesca Algieri, Alba Rodriguez-Nogales, Julio Gálvez, Antonio Segura-Carretero
As for other aromatic plants, there are many analytical methods for the determination of volatile compounds in lavender essential oils. Alternatively, in this study RP-HPLC-DAD-QTOF-MS was used for the profiling of the phytochemical constituents of hydromethanolic extracts of L. stoechas and L. dentata, which were obtained by pressurized liquid extraction. The spectrometric data revealed complex profiles constituted of a wide range of polar and semi-polar phytochemicals, mainly, phenolic compounds (68). Most phenolic compounds (55) have not been previously reported in Lavandula; such is the case of caffeic acid-based oligomers...
November 23, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168847/an-aptamer-and-functionalized-nanoparticle-based-strip-biosensor-for-on-site-detection-of-kanamycin-in-food-samples
#7
Jing Liu, Jingyi Zeng, Yaping Tian, Nandi Zhou
A lateral flow strip biosensor for fast, sensitive, low-cost and on-site detection of kanamycin was developed by using kanamycin-specific aptamer-modified gold nanoparticles (AuNPs-apt) as a probe and oligonucleotide DNA1-modified silver nanoparticles (AgNPs-DNA1) as a signal amplification element. Through the complementary sequences of DNA1 and the aptamer, the AgNP-DNA1-apt-AuNPs complex can be formed and further captured on the test zone of the strip, where a capture probe DNA2 complementary to the 3'-terminal of DNA1 was immobilized...
November 23, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168782/the-preparation-and-microstructure-of-nanocrystal-3c-sic-zro%C3%A2-bilayer-films
#8
Chao Ye, Guang Ran, Wei Zhou, Yazhou Qu, Xin Yan, Qijin Cheng, Ning Li
The nanocrystal 3C-SiC/ZrO₂ bilayer films that could be used as the protective coatings of zirconium alloy fuel cladding were prepared on a single-crystal Si substrate. The corresponding nanocrystal 3C-SiC film and nanocrystal ZrO₂ film were also dividedly synthesized. The microstructure of nanocrystal films was analyzed by grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD) and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The 3C-SiC film with less than 30 nm crystal size was synthesized by Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition (PECVD) and annealing...
November 23, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168761/using-a-particle-counter-to-inform-the-creation-of-similar-exposure-groups-and-sampling-protocols-in-a-structural-steel-fabrication-facility
#9
James Mino, Bernadette Quémerais
The objective of this project was to create similar exposure groups (SEGs) for occupational monitoring in a structural steel fabrication facility. Qualitative SEG formation involved worksite observation, interviews, and audits of materials and procedures. These were supplemented with preliminary task-based shop survey data collected using a condensation particle counter. A total of six SEGs were formed, with recommendations for occupational exposure sampling for five groups, as well as ambient sampling recommendations to address areas on the operational floor found to have higher particle concentrations...
November 23, 2017: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168607/the-relationship-between-perceived-organisational-threat-and-compassion-for-others-implications-for-the-nhs
#10
Lauren Elizabeth Henshall, Tim Alexander, Philip Molyneux, Eric Gardiner, Ashleigh McLellan
The National Health Service (NHS) is known to be a challenging place to work, with financial and performance targets placing increasing pressure on the organisation. This study aimed to investigate whether these pressures and threats might be detrimental to the quality of care and the compassion that the NHS strives to deliver. Quantitative data were collected via self-report questionnaires from healthcare professionals across 3 NHS trusts in England in order to measure Self-compassion; Compassion for Others; Perceived Organisational Threat; and Perceived Organisational Compassion...
November 23, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168594/a-longitudinal-communication-approach-in-advanced-lung-cancer-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-relatives-and-staff-s-perspectives
#11
M Villalobos, K Coulibaly, K Krug, M Kamradt, M Wensing, A Siegle, J Kuon, C Eschbach, G Tessmer, E Winkler, J Szecsenyi, D Ose, M Thomas
Communication and the care of patients with advanced cancer are a dynamic, interactive and challenging process, often characterised in every day practice by discontinuity and lack of coordination. The objective of this study was to explore the patients' and family-caregivers' needs and preferences regarding communication, quality of life and care over the trajectory of disease. The second aim was to assess health professionals' views on a longitudinally structured, forward-thinking communication approach based on defined milestones...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168574/dental-enamel-defect-diagnosis-through-different-technology-based-devices
#12
Tatiana Yuriko Kobayashi, Luciana Lourenço Ribeiro Vitor, Cleide Felício Carvalho Carrara, Thiago Cruvinel Silva, Daniela Rios, Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado, Thais Marchini Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Dental enamel defects (DEDs) are faulty or deficient enamel formations of primary and permanent teeth. Changes during tooth development result in hypoplasia (a quantitative defect) and/or hypomineralisation (a qualitative defect). OBJECTIVE: To compare technology-based diagnostic methods for detecting DEDs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two-hundred and nine dental surfaces of anterior permanent teeth were selected in patients, 6-11 years of age, with cleft lip with/without cleft palate...
November 23, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168526/how-the-toxicity-of-nanomaterials-towards-different-species-could-be-simultaneously-evaluated-a-novel-multi-nano-read-across-approach
#13
Natalia Sizochenko, Alicja Mikolajczyk, Karolina Jagiello, Tomasz Puzyn, Jerzy Leszczynski, Bakhtiyor Rasulev
Application of predictive modeling approaches can solve the problem of missing data. Numerous studies have investigated the effects of missing values on qualitative or quantitative modeling, but only a few studies have discussed it for the case of applications in nanotechnology-related data. The present study is aimed at the development of a multi-nano-read-across modeling technique that helps in predicting the toxicity of different species such as bacteria, algae, protozoa, and mammalian cell lines. Herein, the experimental toxicity of 184 metal and silica oxide (30 unique chemical types) nanoparticles from 15 datasets is analyzed...
November 23, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168434/changes-in-knee-shape-and-geometry-resulting-from-total-knee-arthroplasty
#14
Mohsen Akbari Shandiz, Paul Boulos, Stefan Karl Saevarsson, Heiko Ramm, Chun Kit Jack Fu, Stephen Miller, Stefan Zachow, Carolyn Anglin
Changes in knee shape and geometry resulting from total knee arthroplasty can affect patients in numerous important ways: pain, function, stability, range of motion, and kinematics. Quantitative data concerning these changes have not been previously available, to our knowledge, yet are essential to understand individual experiences of total knee arthroplasty and thereby improve outcomes for all patients. The limiting factor has been the challenge of accurately measuring these changes. Our study objective was to develop a conceptual framework and analysis method to investigate changes in knee shape and geometry, and prospectively apply it to a sample total knee arthroplasty population...
November 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168290/gating-the-holes-in-the-swiss-cheese-part-i-expanding-professor-reason-s-model-for-patient-safety
#15
Shashi S Seshia, G Bryan Young, Michael Makhinson, Preston A Smith, Kent Stobart, Pat Croskerry
INTRODUCTION: Although patient safety has improved steadily, harm remains a substantial global challenge. Additionally, safety needs to be ensured not only in hospitals but also across the continuum of care. Better understanding of the complex cognitive factors influencing health care-related decisions and organizational cultures could lead to more rational approaches, and thereby to further improvement. HYPOTHESIS: A model integrating the concepts underlying Reason's Swiss cheese theory and the cognitive-affective biases plus cascade could advance the understanding of cognitive-affective processes that underlie decisions and organizational cultures across the continuum of care...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168216/understanding-frames-a-qualitative-study-of-young-people-s-experiences-of-using-standing-frames-as-part-of-postural-management-for-cerebral-palsy
#16
J Goodwin, J Lecouturier, S Crombie, J Smith, A Basu, A Colver, N Kolehmainen, J R Parr, D Howel, E McColl, A Roberts, K Miller, J Cadwgan
BACKGROUND: Consensus opinion supports standing frame use as part of postural management for nonambulant young people with cerebral palsy. Although the rationale for standing frame use and the associated challenges have been described, little attention has been given to the users' experiences. The aim of the current study was to explore young people's positive and negative experiences, and attitudes regarding standing frame use. METHODS: Framework analysis informed an open exploration of young people's opinions of standing frames...
November 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168196/family-members-expectations-regarding-nurses-competence-in-care-homes-a-qualitative-interview-study
#17
Outi Kiljunen, Päivi Kankkunen, Pirjo Partanen, Tarja Välimäki
BACKGROUND: Structural and cultural changes in the care of older people have influenced nursing practice, creating a need to identify current competency requirements for nurses working in care homes. Family members have an important role in ensuring the well-being of older people living in care homes, and family members' can provide valuable information about competence requirements. AIM: To explore the expectations of the care home residents' family members regarding the competence of nurses in care homes for older people...
November 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168169/response-to-clobazam-in-continuous-spike-wave-during-sleep
#18
Clemente Vega, Ivan Sánchez Fernández, Jurriaan Peters, Maria S Thome-Souza, Michele Jackson, Masanori Takeoka, Greta N Wilkening, Phillip L Pearl, Kevin Chapman, Tobias Loddenkemper
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of clobazam treatment in reducing epileptiform discharges and modifying neuropsychological function in continuous spike-wave during slow wave sleep. METHOD: We performed a prospective clinical trial in patients with continuous spike-wave during sleep aged 4 to 10 years. Patients underwent neuropsychological assessment and overnight electroencephalographic monitoring before treatment, and subsequent repeat assessment and overnight electroencephalographic monitoring 3 months after treatment...
November 23, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168163/a-pilot-quality-improvement-collaborative-to-improve-safety-net-dental-access-for-pregnant-women-and-young-children
#19
Emily B Vander Schaaf, Rocio B Quinonez, Amanda C Cornett, Greg D Randolph, Kim Boggess, Kori B Flower
Objectives To determine acceptability and feasibility of a quality improvement (QI) collaborative in safety net dental practices, and evaluate its effects on financial stability, access, efficiency, and care for pregnant women and young children. Methods Five safety net dental practices participated in a 15-month learning collaborative utilizing business assessments, QI training, early childhood oral health training, and prenatal oral health training. Practices collected monthly data on: net revenue, no-show rates, total encounters, and number of encounters for young children and pregnant women...
November 22, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168154/the-effect-of-probiotics-on-halitosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Jun-Il Yoo, In-Soo Shin, Jae-Gyu Jeon, Yeon-Mi Yang, Jae-Gon Kim, Dae-Woo Lee
Although several studies have evaluated the inhibitory effect of probiotics on halitosis, findings are inconsistent. This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCT) was conducted to summarize the evidence on the effect of probiotics on halitosis. RCT on any type of probiotic treatment with at least 2-week duration were identified through electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) and hand searched between 1946 and January 17, 2017...
November 22, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
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