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Wound infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646103/long-term-and-short-term-outcomes-of-using-bilateral-internal-mammary-artery-grafting-versus-left-internal-mammary-artery-grafting-a-meta-analysis
#1
Sana N Buttar, Tristan D Yan, David P Taggart, David H Tian
BACKGROUND: A substantial body of evidence demonstrates that myocardial revascularisation using bilateral internal mammary arteries (BIMA) improves long-term survival compared with single/left internal mammary artery (LIMA) grafting. To date, limited analyses have been made regarding other short-term and long-term outcomes in BIMA strategy. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of the present review is to update the difference in long-term survival between BIMA and LIMA grafting and to thoroughly investigate other secondary short-term and long-term clinical outcomes between these two grafting procedures...
June 23, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645839/antibiotic-prophylaxis-adequacy-in-knee-arthroplasty-and-surgical-wound-infection-prospective-cohort-study
#2
J A Del-Moral-Luque, A Checa-García, Á López-Hualda, M C Villar-Del-Campo, J Martínez-Martín, F J Moreno-Coronas, J Montejo-Sancho, G Rodríguez-Caravaca
OBJECTIVE: Antibiotic prophylaxis is the most suitable tool for preventing surgical wound infection. This study evaluated adequacy of antibiotic prophylaxis in surgery for knee arthroplasty and its effect on surgical site infection. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Prospective cohort study. We assessed the degree of adequacy of antibiotic prophylaxis, the causes of non-adequacy, and the effect of non-adequacy on surgical site infection. Incidence of surgical site infection was studied after a maximum incubation period of a year...
June 20, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645773/abc-protein-cgabcf2-is-required-for-asexual-and-sexual-development-appressorial-formation-and-plant-infection-in-colletotrichum-gloeosporioides
#3
Zongshan Zhou, Jianyuan Wu, Meiyu Wang, Junxiang Zhang
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) proteins are exclusively found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. In this study, we have characterized a gene from Glomerella leaf spot pathogen Colletotrichum gloeosporioides that encodes an ABC protein, whose function to date remains unknown. We designated this gene as CgABCF2. Deletion of CgABCF2 showed drastic reduction both growing rate and conidial production in C. gloeosporioides. The Δcgabcf2 mutant did not form the appressoria, lost the capability to infect apple and failed to form lesions on the wounded leaves and fruits...
June 20, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645672/percutaneous-pedicle-screw-placement-under-single-dimensional-fluoroscopy-with-a-designed-pedicle-finder-a-technical-note-and-case-series
#4
Fon-Yih Tsuang, Chia-Hsien Chen, Yi-Jie Kuo, Wei-Lung Tseng, Yuan-Shen Chen, Chin-Jung Lin, Chun-Jen Liao, Feng-Huei Lin, Chang-Jung Chiang
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Minimally invasive spine surgery has become increasingly popular in clinical practice, and it offers patients the potential benefits of reduced blood loss, wound pain, and infection risk and also diminishes the loss of working time and length of hospital stay. However, surgeons require more intraoperative fluoroscopy and ionizing radiation exposure during minimally invasive spine surgery for localization, especially for guidance in instrumentation placement. In addition, computer navigation is not accessible in some facility-limited institutions...
June 20, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645160/chronic-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-biofilm-infection-impairs-murine-s100a8-a9-and-neutrophil-effector-cytokines-implications-for-delayed-wound-closure
#5
Hannah Trøstrup, Christian Johann Lerche, Lars Jackie Christophersen, Kim Thomsen, Peter Østrup Jensen, Hans Petter Hougen, Niels Høiby, Claus Moser
The impact of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm infections in chronic wounds and clinical implication for healing is receiving increased attention. However, the pathophysiology of host/pathogen interplay is not fully understood. By further revealing the mechanisms, necessary new treatment strategies may be identified. Since the background for chronic wounds is diverse, representative animal models are important. We assessed host response and spontaneous wound closure in the relatively resistant C3H/HeN and the susceptible BALB/c mouse strain...
June 22, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643098/-importance-of-wound-irrigation-solutions-and-fluids-with-antiseptic-effects-in-therapy-and-prophylaxis-update-2017
#6
REVIEW
Christian Willy, Catharina Scheuermann-Poley, Marcus Stichling, Thomas von Stein, Axel Kramer
INTRODUCTION: Despite the use of modern antibiotics as well as complex perioperative, intraoperative and postoperative prophylactic measures, the rate of surgical site infections (SSI) could not be significantly reduced. The introduction of biocompatible antiseptic drugs with a high microbiocidal effect provided a successful alternative for infection prevention and therapy, particularly in a time of increasing occurrence of multi-drug resistant pathogens. Hence, questions about the risk-benefit ratio of antiseptic wound irrigation solutions, the prophylactic use of wound irrigation solutions for the reduction of SSI and the effect of negative pressure wound therapy combined with instillation (NPWTi) need to be answered...
June 22, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643095/-local-antibiotic-therapy
#7
REVIEW
Klaus-Dieter Kühn, Nora Renz, Andrej Trampuz
The treatment of superficial wound infections with local antibiotics is considered to be problematic as it is accompanied by an increased risk of resistance development and ineffectiveness in deeper regions. On the contrary, the local application of antibiotics is useful in arthroplasty and necessary if implants are utilized. The reason for this is the prevention of a rapid biofilm formation on foreign implants and a resulting infection may remain undiscovered until it becomes chronic. Apart from exogenous material, necrotic tissue (e...
June 22, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642657/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-complex-injuries-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#8
Camilo Partezani Helito, Daniel Kamura Bueno, Pedro Nogueira Giglio, Marcelo Batista Bonadio, José Ricardo Pécora, Marco Kawamura Demange
OBJECTIVE: To present an experience with negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) in the treatment of surgical wounds in patients treated for infections after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with or without dehiscence and prophylaxis in wounds considered at risk of healing problems. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated patients with TKA infection with or without surgical wound dehiscence and patients with risk factors for infection or surgical wound complications treated with Pico((r)) device for NPWT in addition to standard treatment of infection or dehiscence in our institution...
March 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642125/safety-and-efficacy-of-dual-lead-thalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-for-patients-with-treatment-refractory-multiple-sclerosis-tremor-a-single-centre-randomised-single-blind-pilot-trial
#9
Seth F Oliveria, Ramon L Rodriguez, Dawn Bowers, Daniel Kantor, Justin D Hilliard, Erin H Monari, Bonnie M Scott, Michael S Okun, Kelly D Foote
BACKGROUND: Efficacy in previous studies of surgical treatments of refractory multiple sclerosis tremor using lesioning or deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been variable. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of dual-lead thalamic DBS (one targeting the ventralis intermedius-ventralis oralis posterior nucleus border [the VIM lead] and one targeting the ventralis oralis anterior-ventralis oralis posterior border [the VO lead]) for the treatment of multiple sclerosis tremor...
June 19, 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641936/combined-vaginoplasty-technique-for-male-to-female-sex-reassignment-surgery-operative-approach-and-outcomes
#10
Nikolaos A Papadopulos, Dmitry Zavlin, Jean-Daniel Lellé, Peter Herschbach, Gerhard Henrich, Laszlo Kovacs, Benjamin Ehrenberger, Hans-Guenther Machens, Juergen Schaff
BACKGROUND: Several therapy options exist for male-to-female (MTF) transgenders desiring sex reassignment. Surgery includes numerous different procedures. Of those, vaginoplasty is predominant and aims at providing attractive esthetics and fully functional genitals. This study aimed to present the surgical results of our modified combined vaginoplasty technique in a consecutive patient cohort. METHODS: We included 40 MTF transgender patients who underwent a two-stage sex reassignment surgery (SRS) in an observational prospective study between September 2012 and January 2014...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641875/prevention-of-incisional-hernia-with-prophylactic-onlay-and-sublay-mesh-reinforcement-versus-primary-suture-only-in-midline-laparotomies-prima-2-year-follow-up-of-a-multicentre-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
An P Jairam, Lucas Timmermans, Hasan H Eker, Robert E G J M Pierik, David van Klaveren, Ewout W Steyerberg, Reinier Timman, Arie C van der Ham, Imro Dawson, Jan A Charbon, Christoph Schuhmacher, André Mihaljevic, Jakob R Izbicki, Panagiotis Fikatas, Philip Knebel, René H Fortelny, Gert-Jan Kleinrensink, Johan F Lange, Hans J Jeekel
BACKGROUND: Incisional hernia is a frequent long-term complication after abdominal surgery, with a prevalence greater than 30% in high-risk groups. The aim of the PRIMA trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of mesh reinforcement in high-risk patients, to prevent incisional hernia. METHODS: We did a multicentre, double-blind, randomised controlled trial at 11 hospitals in Austria, Germany, and the Netherlands. We included patients aged 18 years or older who were undergoing elective midline laparotomy and had either an abdominal aortic aneurysm or a body-mass index (BMI) of 27 kg/m(2) or higher...
June 19, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640750/in-vivo-monitoring-of-infection-via-implantable-microsensors-a-pilot-study
#12
Andrej Ring, Heiko Sorg, Andreas Weltin, Daniel J Tilkorn, Jochen Kieninger, Gerald Urban, Jörg Hauser
The most common complication after implantation of foreign material is infection, leading to implant failure and severe patient discomfort. Smoldering-infections proceed inapparently and might not get verified by radiological diagnostics. Early identification of this type of infection might significantly reduce the rate of complications. Therefore, we manufactured a microsensor strip in a hybrid of thin-film and laminate technology in a wafer-level process. It comprises electrochemical, amperometric microsensors for glucose, oxygen and lactate as well as an integrated reference electrode...
June 22, 2017: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640728/wound-bed-preparation-a-vital-step-in-the-healing-process
#13
Simon Barrett
Non-healing wounds are a significant burden to healthcare systems, where it is estimated that 4-5% of the adult population has a problem wound at any one time ( Guest et al, 2017 ). It is suggested that infection is the most frequent complication in non-healing wounds where it can prolong patient treatment times and increase resource use ( Gottrup et al, 2013 ). Wound infection develops as a result of an imbalance between the patient's immune system and the conditions in the wound, which subsequently can promote bacterial proliferation ( Wounds UK, 2013 )...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640720/fungating-wounds-management-and-treatment-options
#14
Suzanne Tandler, Jackie Stephen-Haynes
This article defines fungating wounds and considers the underlying cause, location and presentation. The clinical challenges presented by fungating wounds are discussed, with reference to evidence-based care delivery. This includes wound assessment, cleansing, debridement and management of malodour, infection, bleeding and exudate. Guidance on the use of wound management dressings is considered in relation to symptom management. The importance of clinical decision-making and educational preparation in the delivery of evidenced-based care for those with fungating wounds is emphasised...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640177/the-efficacy-of-fibrin-sealant-patches-in-reducing-the-incidence-of-lymphatic-morbidity-after-radical-lymphadenectomy-a-meta-analysis
#15
Maria Luisa Gasparri, Ilary Ruscito, Daniele Bolla, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici, Michael D Mueller, Andrea Papadia
BACKGROUND: Although pivotal in the oncological management of most tumors, radical lymphadenectomy is associated with a significant number of lymphatic complications. The aim of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the efficacy of fibrinogen sealant patches in reducing lymphadenectomy-related postoperative complications. METHODS/MATERIALS: The electronic databases PubMed, Medline, and Scopus were searched using the terms "lymphadenectomy" or "lymph node dissection" and "TachoSil," "TachoComb," or "fibrin sealant patch...
July 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640148/restrictive-versus-liberal-transfusion-strategies-for-red-blood-cell-transfusion-after-hip-or-knee-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Tianli Mao, Fuqiang Gao, Jun Han, Wei Sun, Wanshou Guo, Zirong Li, Weiguo Wang
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell (RBC) transfusions are commonly used in surgical patients, but accompanied by many risks such as metabolic derangement, and allergic and febrile reactions. Indications for transfusion in patients after hip or knee surgery have not been definitively evaluated and remain controversial. We performed a meta-analysis to compare the benefits and harms of restrictive versus liberal transfusion strategies in patients after hip or knee surgery. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for relevant studies through September 2015...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639052/gentamicin-loaded-polysaccharide-membranes-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-post-operative-wound-infections-in-the-skeletal-system
#17
Urszula Cibor, Małgorzata Krok-Borkowicz, Monika Brzychczy-Włoch, Łucja Rumian, Krzysztof Pietryga, Dominika Kulig, Wojciech Chrzanowski, Elżbieta Pamuła
PURPOSE: To develop polysaccharide-based membranes that allow controlled and localized delivery of gentamicin for the treatment of post-operative bone infections. METHODS: Membranes made of gellan gum (GUM), sodium alginate (ALG), GUM and ALG crosslinked with calcium ions (GUM + Ca and ALG + Ca, respectively) as well as reference collagen (COL) were produced by freeze-drying. Mechanical properties, drug release, antimicrobial activity and cytocompatibility of the membranes were assessed...
June 21, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638798/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-vs-open-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Stefano Caruso, Alberto Patriti, Franco Roviello, Lorenzo De Franco, Franco Franceschini, Graziano Ceccarelli, Andrea Coratti
AIM: To evaluate the potential effectiveness of robot-assisted gastrectomy (RAG) in comparison to open gastrectomy (OG) for gastric cancer patients. METHODS: A comprehensive systematic literature search using PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library was carried out to identify studies comparing RAG and OG in gastric cancer. Participants of any age and sex were considered for inclusion in comparative studies of the two techniques independently from type of gastrectomy...
June 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638794/biological-mesh-reconstruction-of-the-pelvic-floor-following-abdominoperineal-excision-for-cancer-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Boris Schiltz, Nicolas Christian Buchs, Marta Penna, Cosimo Riccardo Scarpa, Emilie Liot, Philippe Morel, Frederic Ris
Extralevator abdominoperineal excision and pelvic exenteration are mutilating operations that leave wide perineal wounds. Such large wounds are prone to infection and perineal herniation, and their closure is a major concern to most surgeons. Different approaches to the perineal repair exist, varying from primary or mesh closure to myocutaneous flaps. Each technique has its own associated advantages and potential complications and the ideal approach is still debated. In the present study, we reviewed the current literature and our own local data regarding the use of biological mesh for perineal wound closure...
June 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638306/effect-of-maternal-obesity-on-maternal-fetal-transfer-of-preoperative-cefazolin-at-cesarean-section
#20
Stephanie McKenney Groff, Wareef Fallatah, Samuel Yang, Jamie Murphy, Christopher Crutchfield, Mark Marzinke, Joanne Kurtzberg, Carlton K K Lee, Irina Burd, Azadeh Farzin
OBJECTIVES: American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends a single dose of antibiotic prophylaxis before all cesarean sections (C/S). This recommendation is based on pharmacokinetic studies that include only non-obese patients. We sought to evaluate 1) cefazolin plasma concentrations among obese and non-obese patients after administration of a 2-g cefazolin dose for prevention of surgical wound infections, and 2) whether cefazolin concentration in fetal circulation may be protective against pathogens that cause early onset neonatal sepsis...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
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