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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463934/total-hip-arthroplasty-for-patients-with-residual-poliomyelitis-at-a-mean-eight-years-of-follow-up
#1
Mayumi Sonekatsu, Motoki Sonohata, Masaru Kitajima, Shunsuke Kawano, Masaaki Mawatari
In patients with poliomyelitis, degenerative arthritis of the hip may be encountered in the paralytic or normal contralateral limb because of leg length discrepancy, pelvic obliquity, or severe deformities of the affected hip. Although total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the most common orthopedic procedures, there are few reports of THA in adult patients with residual poliomyelitis. From March 2001 to January 2011, 5 patients with residual poliomyelitis (6 hips) underwent THA using uncemented implants at our hospital...
February 2018: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463436/what-is-the-impact-of-smoking-on-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty
#2
Nicholas A Bedard, S Blake Dowdle, Jessell M Owens, Kyle R Duchman, Yubo Gao, John J Callaghan
BACKGROUND: There is a literature evaluating the impact of smoking on revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) outcomes. The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of smoking on complications after revision THA. METHODS: We queried the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database to identify patients who underwent revision THA between 2006 and 2014. Patients were divided into current smokers and nonsmokers. Each cohort was compared in terms of demographics, preoperative comorbidities, and operative time...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462032/perioperative-allogeneic-red-blood-cell-transfusion-associated-with-surgical-site-infection-after-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#3
Joshua S Everhart, John H Sojka, Joel L Mayerson, Andrew H Glassman, Thomas J Scharschmidt
BACKGROUND: Perioperative allogeneic red blood-cell transfusion is a suspected risk factor for surgical site infection (SSI) after total joint arthroplasty (TJA), but the interrelationships among SSI risk, transfusion dose, preoperative anemia, and the presence of coagulopathies have not been well described. METHODS: Data on SSI within 1 year after surgery as well as on transfusion with blood products within 30 days after surgery were obtained for 6,788 patients who had undergone primary or revision total hip or knee arthroplasty from 2000 to 2011 in a single hospital system...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459080/total-hip-arthroplasty-following-girdlestone-arthroplasty
#4
Satoshi Ikebe, Motoki Sonohata, Masaru Kitajima, Shunsuke Kawano, Masaaki Mawatari
BACKGROUND: Complications associated with re-implantation of total hip arthroplasty (THA) after resection arthroplasty for the treatment of primary septic hip arthritis or infected THA and bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA) are not well-documented. Furthermore, no comparison has been made between septic arthritis (SA) and infected THA and BHA. We divided subjects into two groups for evaluation: a SA group and an infected THA or BHA group. METHODS: Nineteen hips in 19 patients (12 in the SA group, 7 in the infected THA or BHA group) with an average of 77 months of follow-up from the time of re-implantation THA were retrospectively evaluated...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455937/the-impact-of-patient-and-surgical-factors-on-the-rate-of-postoperative-infection-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-new-zealand-joint-registry-study
#5
James O Smith, Christopher M A Frampton, Gary J Hooper, Simon W Young
BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a devastating complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The potential to define and modify risk factors for infection represents an important opportunity to reduce the incidence of PJI. This study uses New Zealand Joint Registry data to identify independent risk factors associated with PJI after primary THA. METHODS: Data on 91,585 THAs performed between 2000 and 2014 were analyzed. Factors associated with revision for PJI within 12 months were identified using univariate and multivariate analyses...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455920/operating-room-traffic-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-identifying-patterns-and-training-the-team-to-keep-the-door-shut
#6
William G Hamilton, Colleen B Balkam, Richard L Purcell, Nancy L Parks, Jill E Holdsworth
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections after joint arthroplasty are devastating complications and are influenced by patient, surgical, and operating room environmental factors. METHODS: In an effort to reduce the incidence of door openings (DOs) during total joint arthroplasty cases, this prospective observational study consisted of 3 phases. Phase 1 determined the baseline incidence of DOs, followed by installation of a mechanical door counter (phase 2). Finally, an educational seminar was presented to all personnel (phase 3) regarding the implications frequent DOs have on patient and surgical outcomes...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455506/-application-of-greater-trochanteric-slide-osteotomy-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-for-stiff-hip
#7
Wen-Lin Hu, Zhan-Feng Zhang, Li-Hua Shi
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of greater trochanteric slide osteotomy(GTSO) in total hip arthroplasty (THA) for the treatment of stiff hip, as well as the potential complications. METHODS: There were 12 cases enrolled in the study from April 2010 to December 2014, including 9 males and 3 females. The mean age was 49.9 years old (ranged, 37 to 62 years old). The clinical result was evaluated according to the Harris evaluation system, and the radiological evaluations included the healing of the osteotomy, the stability of the prosthesis, and occurrence of heterotopic ossification (HA)...
August 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455347/a-prospective-comparative-study-of-hip-resurfacing-arthroplasty-and-large-diameter-head-metal-on-metal-total-hip-arthroplasty-in-younger-patients-a-minimum-of-five-year-follow-up
#8
Ran Tao, Fan Liu, Ya-Ke Liu, Yue Lu, Hua Xu, Yi Cao, Zhen-Yu Zhou, Wei Wang
INTRODUCTION: Both hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) and large-diameter head metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty (LDH MoM THA) are generally used for young and active patients. A number of comparative studies of HRA and total hip arthroplasty have been published in the literature. However, studies that have compared HRA with LDH MoM THA are rare. The purpose of this study is to compare the mid-term results of HRA with those of LDH MoM THA in young patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2007 and 2011, 68 patients were enrolled in the study and randomized into two groups: HRA group (28 hips) and LDH MoM THA group (40 hips)...
February 18, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454973/comparison-of-dual-mobility-total-hip-arthroplasty-and-bipolar-arthroplasty-for-femoral-neck-fractures-a-retrospective-case-control-study-of-199-hips
#9
B Boukebous, P Boutroux, R Zahi, C Azmy, P Guillon
BACKGROUND: The choice between performing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or hemiarthroplasty (HA) is not straightforward in older patients with femoral neck fracture, particularly when co-morbidities are factored in. This led us to carry out a case-control study to determine 1) the rate of mechanical complications for these two types of implants, and 2) the rate of medical complications and mortality. HYPOTHESIS: THA with dual mobility cup (DM) will result in fewer mechanical complications than HA...
February 15, 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452973/the-alpha-defensin-test-for-diagnosing-periprosthetic-joint-infection-in-the-setting-of-an-adverse-local-tissue-reaction-secondary-to-a-failed-metal-on-metal-bearing-or-corrosion-at-the-head-neck-junction
#10
Kamil T Okroj, Tyler E Calkins, Erdan Kayupov, Michael M Kheir, Joshua S Bingham, Christopher P Beauchamp, Javad Parvizi, Craig J Della Valle
BACKGROUND: In patients with adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR) secondary to a failed metal-on-metal (MoM) bearing or corrosion at the head-neck junction in a metal-on-polyethylene bearing, ruling in or out periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) can be challenging. Alpha-defensin has emerged as an accurate test for PJI. The purpose of this multicenter, retrospective study was to evaluate the accuracy of the alpha-defensin synovial fluid test in detecting PJI in patients with ALTR. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 26 patients from 3 centers with ALTR that had an alpha-defensin test performed...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451945/the-effects-of-platelet-rich-plasma-and-activated-collagen-on-wound-healing-in-primary-total-joint-arthroplasty
#11
David C Evans, Bruce G Evans
Wound healing remains a concern in primary total joint arthroplasty, given the risk of deep infections arising from hematomas, wound separations, and superficial infections. If wound additives can prevent these early complications, their universal application would be cost-effective. This study examined whether 2 wound additives, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and activated collagen, would improve postoperative wound healing and reduce complications in primary total joint arthroplasty. A prospective, randomized controlled study was conducted using 3 cohorts with 30 patients each (group 1: PRP; group 2: activated collagen; and group 3: control)...
February 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451944/total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-avascular-necrosis-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#12
Anita Vijapura, Harlan B Levine, Michele Donato, Mark A Hartzband, Melissa Baker, Gregg R Klein
The immunosuppressive regimens required for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation predispose recipients to complications, including avascular necrosis. Cancer-related comorbidities, immunosuppression, and poor bone quality theoretically increase the risk for perioperative medical complications, infection, and implant-related complications in total joint arthroplasty. This study reviewed 20 primary total hip arthroplasties for avascular necrosis in 14 patients. Outcomes were assessed at routine clinical visits and Harris hip scores were calculated...
February 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451943/dual-diagnosis-and-total-hip-arthroplasty
#13
Mitchell R Klement, Brian T Nickel, Abiram Bala, Colin T Penrose, Cynthia L Green, Samuel S Wellman, Michael P Bolognesi, Thorsten M Seyler
The co-occurrence of a mental illness and a substance abuse disorder (SUD) is common and has been referred to as a "dual diagnosis" (DD). Although studies have independently investigated mental illness alone and SUD alone, few have examined the effects of these entities combined on complications. A search of the Medicare database from 2005 to 2012 identified 2000 DD patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA). They were compared with 86,976 patients with mental illness only and 590,689 controls (no mental illness or SUD)...
February 16, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451051/influence-of-surgical-approach-on-complication-risk-in-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty
#14
Larry E Miller, Joseph S Gondusky, Atul F Kamath, Friedrich Boettner, John Wright, Samir Bhattacharyya
Background and purpose - Systematic comparisons of anterior approach (A) versus posterior approach (P) in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) have largely focused on perioperative outcomes. In this systematic review with meta-analysis, we compared complication risk of A versus P in studies of primary THA with at least 1-year mean follow-up. Patients and methods - We performed a systematic review of prospective and retrospective studies with at least 1-year mean follow-up that reported complications of A and P primary THA...
February 16, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450105/infection-versus-hematoma-following-surgical-treatment-of-proximal-femoral-fractures-in-geriatric-patients
#15
Franz Müller, Michael Galler, Christina Roll, Bernd Füchtmeier
Introduction: The surgical treatment of proximal femoral fractures predominantly involves geriatric patients and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. However, analyses on postoperative infections or hematoma are rare. Methods: Patients requiring surgical revision due to infection (n = 90) or hematoma (n = 77) in the postoperative phase were identified from an electronic database of 2000 consecutive patients surgically treated for proximal femoral fractures between 2006 and 2014...
2018: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448880/migration-and-clinical-outcome-of-mobile-bearing-versus-fixed-bearing-single-radius-total-knee-arthroplasty
#16
Koen T Van Hamersveld, Perla J Marang-Van De Mheen, Huub J L Van Der Heide, Henrica M J Van Der Linden-Van Der Zwaag, Edward R Valstar, Rob G H H Nelissen
Background and purpose - Mobile-bearing total knee prostheses (TKPs) were developed in the 1970s in an attempt to increase function and improve implant longevity. However, modern fixed-bearing designs like the single-radius TKP may provide similar advantages. We compared tibial component migration measured with radiostereometric analysis (RSA) and clinical outcome of otherwise similarly designed cemented fixed-bearing and mobile-bearing single-radius TKPs. Patients and methods - RSA measurements and clinical scores were assessed in 46 randomized patients at baseline, 6 months, 1 year, and annually thereafter up to 6 years postoperatively...
February 16, 2018: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444666/analysis-of-total-knee-arthroplasty-revision-causes
#17
Anne Postler, Cornelia Lützner, Franziska Beyer, Eric Tille, Jörg Lützner
BACKGROUND: The number of revision Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) is rising in many countries. The aim of this study was the prospective assessment of the underlying causes leading to revision TKA in a tertiary care hospital and the comparison of those reasons with previously published data. METHODS: In this study patients who had revision TKA between 2010 and 2015 were prospectively included. Revision causes were categorized using all available information from patients' records including preoperative diagnostics, intraoperative findings as well as the results of the periprosthetic tissue analysis...
February 14, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443741/research-progress-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-before-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#18
Qingyu Zhang, Lihua Liu, Wei Sun, Fuqiang Gao, Liming Cheng, Zirong Li
BACKGROUND: A high prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria exists in patients prior to arthroplasty, and urinary tract infection is considered to be a source of postoperative superficial wound and prosthetic joint infections. There is no consensus whether to screen for and treat asymptomatic bacteriuria before arthroplasty. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the association between asymptomatic bacteriuria and complications after arthroplasty and to evaluate the clinical benefits of treating asymptomatic bacteriuria prior to arthroplasty...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441191/studying-the-effects-of-primary-arthroplasty-on-post-treatment-results-among-elderly-patients-with-pertrochanteric-fracture
#19
Mostafa Shahrezaee, Mohammad Ali Okhovatpour, Mohammad Banasiri, Seyyed Reza Sharifzadeh
Various therapeutic methods are available to treat patients with intertrochantric fracture, which is usually caused by falling down. This complication is usually observed among the elderly, particularly old women. The choice of the proper therapeutic method depends on many factors including patient's condition, type of fracture, and the amount of movement. Hip arthroplasty is one of these therapeutic methods, which have certain advantages and disadvantages. Immediate resumption of walking with the ability of weight toleration and absence of complications such as aseptic necrosis are some advantages of this method...
January 8, 2018: Clinics and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439896/high-failure-rates-of-concomitant-periprosthetic-joint-infection-and-extensor-mechanism-disruption
#20
Lucas A Anderson, Brian M Culp, Craig J Della Valle, Jeremy M Gililland, R Michael Meneghini, James A Browne, Bryan D Springer
BACKGROUND: Patients presenting with both chronic periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) and extensor mechanism disruption (EMD) pose a significant challenge. As there is little in the literature regarding outcomes of patients with concomitant PJI and EMD, we performed a multicenter study to evaluate the outcomes. METHODS: Sixty patients with concomitant diagnoses of PJI and EMD were evaluated from 5 institutions. Patient demographics, presentation type, surgical management, and outcomes including recurrent infections, final surgery, and ambulatory status were documented...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
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