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Adolescent gynecological problems

(no author information available yet)
In the United States in 2013, there were an estimated 226,000 women and adolescents living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (1). Women with HIV are living longer, healthier lives, so the need for routine and problem-focused gynecologic care has increased. The purpose of this document is to educate clinicians about basic health screening and care, family planning, prepregnancy care, and managing common gynecologic problems for women and adolescents who are infected with HIV. For information on screening guidelines, refer to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' Committee Opinion No...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
(no author information available yet)
In the United States in 2013, there were an estimated 226,000 women and adolescents living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (1). Women with HIV are living longer, healthier lives, so the need for routine and problem-focused gynecologic care has increased. The purpose of this document is to educate clinicians about basic health screening and care, family planning, prepregnancy care, and managing common gynecologic problems for women and adolescents who are infected with HIV. For information on screening guidelines, refer to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' Committee Opinion No...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Archana D Rathod, Rohidas P Chavan, Sandhya P Pajai, Vijay Bhagat, Prachi Thool
ABSTRACT: Adolescence is a period of enormous physical and psychological change for young girls. Many adolescents with menstrual disturbances never present to their family doctor or gynecologist. Embarrassment about discussing menstruation, fear of disease, and ignorance about services available may lead to delayed presentation or consultation with doctor. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the different gynecological problems in adolescent girls attending outpatient department...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Grażyna Jarząbek-Bielecka, Magdalena Pisarska-Krawczyk, Witold Kędzia, Małgorzata Mizgier, Zbigniew Friebe
The persistent or recurrent difficulties of the woman to allow vaginal entry of a penis, a finger, and/or any object, despite the woman's expressed wish to do so" is vaginismus. Early traumatic sexual experiences (e.g. sexual abuse), religious orthodoxy, low self-esteem and body image, negative attitudes about sexuality, lack of knowledge about sex and fear responses are some of the traditional etiological correlates of vaginismus. Vaginismus is largely a diagnosis of exclusion. An interview is crucial in differentiating the causes of this disease and it should involve the following key questions: -whether the contraction of the vaginal muscles was recorded from the first sexual contact and still remains a need for sexual satisfaction is achieved without relations vaginal or -symptom occurs for some time and what circumstances it bound or -contraction of the muscles is independent of the will, reflex and is at the very idea of sexual intercourse, and -that the contraction of the vaginal muscles occurs when you try to enter the member into the vagina which is very painful...
2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Sandra Fornage, Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli
Obstetrics and gynecology specialists should be women's favoured interlocutors when talking about their sexuality. Indeed every day they assess their patient's intimacy, they manage pathologies that have a potential but well-known impact on sexuality, and they are very early aware of a more global approach like psycho-somatic. Furthermore, women are going to meet their obstetrician and gynecologist through all ages, from adolescence to post-menopause. At every step sexual problems can occur that can be searched, investigated and mostly managed by this specialist...
March 16, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
Tiara C Willie, Adeya Powell, Trace Kershaw
Adolescent and young mothers transitioning from pregnancy to postpartum need to maintain an optimal quality of life. Stress and exposure to violence (e.g., intimate partner violence (IPV), nonpartner violence) are predictors of poor quality of life for adult women; however, these associations remain understudied among adolescent and young mothers in urban areas. Guided by the social ecological model, the current study created a latent variable, urban social stress, to examine the impact of the urban social environment (i...
February 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Mustafa Kaplanoglu, Mehmet Bülbül, Capan Konca, Dilek Kaplanoglu, Mehmet Selcuk Tabak, Barıs Ata
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy is an important public health problem. Physiological maturity affects obstetric and perinatal outcomes. Almost all assessments of adolescent pregnancies are based on chronological age. Gynecologic age (GA) is defined as age in years at conception minus age at menarche and it is an indicator of physiological maturity. AIM: To compare obstetric and perinatal outcomes between adult and adolescent pregnancies as categorized according to GA...
December 2015: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Sandra Lucía Restrepo-Mesa, Natalia Zapata López, Beatriz Elena Parra Sosa, Luz Estela Escudero Vásquez, Eduardo Atalah
UNLABELLED: In Colombia, adolescent pregnancy is a public health problem, with serious implications for the health and nutrition of the binomial mother-child. OBJECTIVE: assess socio-demographic, economic, food security, health and maternal nutritional status characteristics by anthropometric measures in a group of pregnant adolescents in Medellin-Colombia on their third trimester of pregnancy and associate them with the newborns weight. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A cross sectional analytical study was made with 294 pregnant women (week 27 to 40), who participating in prenatal control program of the public hospital network in Medellin-Colombia...
June 2014: Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición
Jolinda Johary, Min Xue, Bin Xu, Dabao Xu, Aixingzi Aili
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to review the published literature and perform a systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of the use of a hysteroscope for vaginoscopy or hysteroscopy in diagnosing and establishing therapeutic management of adolescent patients with gynecologic problems. DESIGN: A systematic review. SETTING: PubMed, Web of science, and Scopus searches were performed for the period up to September 2013 to identify all the eligible studies...
February 2015: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Mary A Ott, Gina S Sucato
A working knowledge of contraception will assist the pediatrician in both sexual health promotion as well as treatment of common adolescent gynecologic problems. Best practices in adolescent anticipatory guidance and screening include a sexual health history, screening for pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, counseling, and if indicated, providing access to contraceptives. Pediatricians' long-term relationships with adolescents and families allow them to help promote healthy sexual decision-making, including abstinence and contraceptive use...
October 2014: Pediatrics
Gülşah Balık, Işık Ustüner, Mehmet Kağıtcı, Figen Kır Sahin
OBJECTIVE: Menstrual problems are common among adolescent females. Mood changes are related to menstrual problems (menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, and abnormal menstrual cycle length). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between depressive symptoms, anxiety, and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) with dysmenorrhea in adolescent girls. METHODS: A total of 159 adolescent girls (aged 13-19 y) with regular menstrual cycles presenting to the gynecology clinic with any complaints were included in the study during April-May 2013...
December 2014: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
V E Radzinskiy, M B Khamoshina, M P Arkhipova, N V Lichak
At the beginning of the 21st century we still face the problem of reproductive health of women, children and adolescents in Russia. Final overcoming of the "Russian Cross" primarily relates to preventing further decline of women in reproductive age and children aged 0-17 years.The following medico-social determinants of women's reproductive health are considered: family prosperity, somatic growth and sexual maturation, chronic extragenital diseases, sexual and reproductive behavior, environmental wellbeing of territory and gynecological care organization...
October 2014: Gynecological Endocrinology
Lc Ikeako, R Onoh, Hu Ezegwui, Po Ezeonu
BACKGROUND: Unsafe abortion accounts for a greater proportion of maternal deaths, yet it is often not adequately considered in discussions around reducing maternal mortality. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the pattern of unsafe abortion and the extent to which unsafe abortion contributes to maternal morbidity and mortality in our setting as well as assess the impact of post-abortion care. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A descriptive study of patients who were admitted for complications following induced abortions between January 1, 2001 and December 31, 2008 at the Federal Medical Center, Abakaliki South East of Nigeria with data obtained from case records...
May 2014: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
V S Albitskiy, N V Ustinova, Ye V Antonova
The article considers trends and priority directions of research studies of the field of public health and health care of children population. The interpretative content analysis was applied to study dissertations in the field of public health and health care in 1991-2012. The sampling included 4194 units of information. The first stage of study established that problems of children population are considered in 14.8% dissertations defended on the mentioned specialty. The next stage the categories of content-analysis were examined...
January 2014: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
Troy R Hailparn
INTRODUCTION: Discussions about normal labial development or their potential for anatomic problems or concerns and significant emotional and psychological distress are rarely included in pediatrician or gynecologic visits and with increased demand for this procedure resulting from shaving, media, and Internet access, health care practitioners should understand the challenges of adolescent labial hypertrophy. There is no consensus on diagnostic criteria among surgeons, gynecologists, and pediatricians, although recommendations have been suggested in the literature...
May 2014: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Memnun Seven, Gülten Güvenç, Aygül Akyüz, Fatma Eski
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and symptoms of dysmenorrhea, its relevant factors, and the rate of seeking medical help in a group of nursing students. A total of 380 students were included in the study. The demographic data questionnaire, a Daily Menstrual Symptom Rating Scale (DMSR), and the Visual Analog Scale for pain (VASP) were used as tools for data collection. The mean age of the participants was 20.31 ± 1.10 years. Most students had experienced dysmenorrhea (84.9%). Menstrual pain was frequently initiated on the first day of menstruation (77...
September 2014: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Halide Ozge Başaran, Sinem Akgül, Nuray Oksüz Kanbur, Fatma Gümrük, Mualla Cetin, Orhan Derman
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) is a gynecologic problem that occurs often during adolescence and is the most frequent cause of urgent admission to the hospital. DUB occurs in the adolescent usually because of anovulation, a result of developmental immaturity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian (HPO) axis. Diagnosis can only be confirmed when there is no other pathology present, so it is important to exclude all the other possibilities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of coagulation disorders and other underlying situations as a cause of menorrhagia in adolescents with DUB and to assess the response to the treatment(s) given...
March 2013: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Paula J Adams Hillard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2013: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Renate Hürlimann
In the age group of adolescents occur some gynecological problems which present different than in adult women. One is heavy menstrual bleeding, another menstrual problem is life burdening dysmenorrhea. Girls often do not speak about, they do not know what is really normal. Malignant breast masses are very rare, mostly fibroadenoma or cysts are found. With childhood obesity PCOS is a rising hormonal disturbance with impact on future fertility. Counseling adolescents in contraception is another challenge, focused on adherence, chronic disease and disabled teenagers...
September 4, 2013: Praxis
Cynthia D Connelly, Andrea L Hazen, Mary J Baker-Ericzén, John Landsverk, Sarah McCue Horwitz
BACKGROUND: The perinatal period provides unique opportunities to identify and intervene with the co-occurrence of perinatal depression, intimate partner violence (IPV), and substance use problems. Psychosocial screening recommended for women seen in maternal child health settings tends to target single rather than multiple risk factors; there is limited research examining the co-occurrence of these issues especially in racially and ethnically diverse women across the perinatal period...
October 2013: Journal of Women's Health
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