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Adolescent gynecological problems

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133985/effects-of-immediate-postpartum-contraceptive-counseling-on-long-acting-reversible-contraceptive-use-in-adolescents
#1
Kasemsis Kaewkiattikun
Background: Adolescent pregnancy is a global public health problem, particularly repeated pregnancy. The best strategy to lower prevalence of adolescent pregnancy and repeated pregnancy is promoting highly effective long-acting contraceptive methods along with special counseling programs. Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is the ideal contraceptive of choice for adolescents. It is not known whether immediate postpartum contraceptive counseling increases postpartum LARC use in adolescents...
2017: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927766/vulvovaginitis-presentation-of-more-common-problems-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-gynecology
#2
REVIEW
Meredith Loveless, Ohmar Myint
Vulvovaginitis is one of the most common gynecological complaints presenting in the pediatric and adolescent female. The common causes of vulvovaginitis in the pediatric patient differ than that considered in adolescent females. When a child present with vulvar itching, burning and irritation the most common etiology is non-specific and hygiene measures are recommended. However these symptoms can mimic more serious etiologies including infection, labial adhesion, lichen sclerosis, pinworms and foreign body must be considered...
September 5, 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845050/preservation-of-fertility-or-ovarian-function-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-or-gynecologic-and-internal-malignancies
#3
Angrit Stachs, Steffi Hartmann, Bernd Gerber
Because of the efficacy of systemic therapies, neoplasias which occur in pediatric and adolescent patients and in young adults have high cure rates. This means that fulfilling their wish to have children has become a more pressing concern, particularly among young women with malignant tumors. Premature ovarian failure is also a not insignificant problem as it has a lasting detrimental effect on quality of life. Every oncology patient who may potentially wish to have children should be informed about their options for preserving fertility prior to starting treatment...
August 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721554/feasibility-of-a-self-help-web-based-intervention-targeting-young-cancer-patients-with-sexual-problems-and-fertility-distress
#4
Maria Wiklander, Johanna Strandquist, Claire Micaux Obol, Lars E Eriksson, Jeanette Winterling, Kenny A Rodriguez-Wallberg, Kerstin Sjögren Fugl-Meyer, Johan Ahlgren, Per Ljungman, Claudia Lampic, Lena Wettergren
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the feasibility of a self-help web-based intervention to alleviate sexual problems and fertility distress in adolescents and young adults with cancer. METHODS: Twenty-three persons with cancer (19 women and 4 men, age 18-43, 1-5 years post-diagnosis of lymphoma, breast, gynecologic, central nervous system, or testicular cancer) were recruited to test a 2-month web-based program targeting sexual problems or fertility distress...
December 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644337/committee-opinion-no-705-mental-health-disorders-in-adolescents
#5
(no author information available yet)
Mental health disorders in adolescence are a significant problem, relatively common, and amenable to treatment or intervention. Obstetrician-gynecologists who see adolescent patients are highly likely to see adolescents and young women who have one or more mental health disorders. Some of these disorders may interfere with a patient's ability to understand or articulate her health concerns and appropriately adhere to recommended treatment. Some disorders or their treatments will affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, causing anovulatory cycles and various menstrual disturbances...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644330/committee-opinion-no-705-summary-mental-health-disorders-in-adolescents
#6
(no author information available yet)
Mental health disorders in adolescence are a significant problem, relatively common, and amenable to treatment or intervention. Obstetrician-gynecologists who see adolescent patients are highly likely to see adolescents and young women who have one or more mental health disorders. Some of these disorders may interfere with a patient's ability to understand or articulate her health concerns and appropriately adhere to recommended treatment. Some disorders or their treatments will affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, causing anovulatory cycles and various menstrual disturbances...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402984/contribution-of-hormonal-cytology-in-girls-and-adolescents-to-reproductive-health-a-traditional-technique-monitoring-recent-problems
#7
Jaroslava Dušková, Barbara Goldová, Lenka Matiášková, Alena Beková, Jana Skřenková
OBJECTIVE: To study the contribution of hormonal cytology in contemporary disturbances of fertility. DESIGN: Over a 10-year period (2006-2015), 6,688 vaginal fornix cytologies of 2,350 patients were investigated. For a more detailed analysis, a 3-year period from 2013 to 2015 was chosen. Four hundred and fifty-two patients were investigated, many of them several times and for a period longer than the 3 years analyzed. RESULTS: The main disorders examined and treated via a gentle hormonal medication support and life style corrections by a pediatric gynecologist were: pubertas praecox - thelarche praecox and early menarche; dysfunctional juvenile metrorrhagia; central and peripheral endocrine disorders; eating disorders - anorexia mentalis and bulimia; obesity; excessive sport activities; autoimmune disorders, and others...
2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112688/dysmenorrhea-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-review-in-different-country
#8
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf T Soliman, Heba Elsedfy, Nada A Soliman, Rania Soliman, Mohamed El Kholy
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is still an important public health problem which may have a negative impact on female health, social relationships, school or work activities and psychological status. METHODS: The aim of this review is a better understanding of the epidemiology of dysmenorrhoea and its effect on public health. Published studies in English providing relevant information on dysmenorrhea were identified by searching PubMed, Embase and Google; restricting the population to  adolescents and young adult women and the year of publishing from 2010 to August 2015, based on the keywords 'dysmenorrhea', 'adolescents' and 'epidemiology'...
January 16, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069493/-just-wear-dark-underpants-mainly-learning-from-adolescents-and-young-adults-experiences-with-early-discontinuation-of-the-contraceptive-implant
#9
Britt Lunde, Lisa Littman, Samantha Stimmel, Rima Rana, Adam Jacobs, Carol R Horowitz
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Long-acting reversible contraception, including the contraceptive implant, is recommended for teens and young women. However, some young women discontinue the implant early, and we seek to better understand their experiences. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted interviews with 16 young women ages 14 to 24 who presented for removal of the contraceptive implant within 6 months after placement at outpatient adolescent, family medicine, and obstetrics and gynecology clinics...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661659/practice-bulletin-no-167-gynecologic-care-for-women-and-adolescents-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#10
(no author information available yet)
In the United States in 2013, there were an estimated 226,000 women and adolescents living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (1). Women with HIV are living longer, healthier lives, so the need for routine and problem-focused gynecologic care has increased. The purpose of this document is to educate clinicians about basic health screening and care, family planning, prepregnancy care, and managing common gynecologic problems for women and adolescents who are infected with HIV. For information on screening guidelines, refer to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' Committee Opinion No...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661642/practice-bulletin-no-167-summary-gynecologic-care-for-women-and-adolescents-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#11
(no author information available yet)
In the United States in 2013, there were an estimated 226,000 women and adolescents living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (1). Women with HIV are living longer, healthier lives, so the need for routine and problem-focused gynecologic care has increased. The purpose of this document is to educate clinicians about basic health screening and care, family planning, prepregnancy care, and managing common gynecologic problems for women and adolescents who are infected with HIV. For information on screening guidelines, refer to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' Committee Opinion No...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651637/gynecological-problems-of-adolescent-girls-attending-outpatient-department-at-tertiary-care-center-with-evaluation-of-cases-of-puberty-menorrhagia-requiring-hospitalization
#12
Archana D Rathod, Rohidas P Chavan, Sandhya P Pajai, Vijay Bhagat, Prachi Thool
ABSTRACT: Adolescence is a period of enormous physical and psychological change for young girls. Many adolescents with menstrual disturbances never present to their family doctor or gynecologist. Embarrassment about discussing menstruation, fear of disease, and ignorance about services available may lead to delayed presentation or consultation with doctor. AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the different gynecological problems in adolescent girls attending outpatient department...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333925/the-problem-of-vaginismus-with-congenital-malformation-of-the-genital-tract
#13
REVIEW
Grażyna Jarząbek-Bielecka, Magdalena Pisarska-Krawczyk, Witold Kędzia, Małgorzata Mizgier, Zbigniew Friebe
The persistent or recurrent difficulties of the woman to allow vaginal entry of a penis, a finger, and/or any object, despite the woman's expressed wish to do so" is vaginismus. Early traumatic sexual experiences (e.g. sexual abuse), religious orthodoxy, low self-esteem and body image, negative attitudes about sexuality, lack of knowledge about sex and fear responses are some of the traditional etiological correlates of vaginismus. Vaginismus is largely a diagnosis of exclusion. An interview is crucial in differentiating the causes of this disease and it should involve the following key questions: -whether the contraction of the vaginal muscles was recorded from the first sexual contact and still remains a need for sexual satisfaction is achieved without relations vaginal or -symptom occurs for some time and what circumstances it bound or -contraction of the muscles is independent of the will, reflex and is at the very idea of sexual intercourse, and -that the contraction of the vaginal muscles occurs when you try to enter the member into the vagina which is very painful...
May 31, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27149716/-sexual-medicine-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#14
REVIEW
Sandra Fornage, Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli
Obstetrics and gynecology specialists should be women's favoured interlocutors when talking about their sexuality. Indeed every day they assess their patient's intimacy, they manage pathologies that have a potential but well-known impact on sexuality, and they are very early aware of a more global approach like psycho-somatic. Furthermore, women are going to meet their obstetrician and gynecologist through all ages, from adolescence to post-menopause. At every step sexual problems can occur that can be searched, investigated and mostly managed by this specialist...
March 16, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26791234/stress-in-the-city-influence-of-urban-social-stress-and-violence-on-pregnancy-and-postpartum-quality-of-life-among-adolescent-and-young-mothers
#15
Tiara C Willie, Adeya Powell, Trace Kershaw
Adolescent and young mothers transitioning from pregnancy to postpartum need to maintain an optimal quality of life. Stress and exposure to violence (e.g., intimate partner violence (IPV), nonpartner violence) are predictors of poor quality of life for adult women; however, these associations remain understudied among adolescent and young mothers in urban areas. Guided by the social ecological model, the current study created a latent variable, urban social stress, to examine the impact of the urban social environment (i...
February 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26205092/gynecologic-age-is-an-important-risk-factor-for-obstetric-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-adolescent-pregnancies
#16
Mustafa Kaplanoglu, Mehmet Bülbül, Capan Konca, Dilek Kaplanoglu, Mehmet Selcuk Tabak, Barıs Ata
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy is an important public health problem. Physiological maturity affects obstetric and perinatal outcomes. Almost all assessments of adolescent pregnancies are based on chronological age. Gynecologic age (GA) is defined as age in years at conception minus age at menarche and it is an indicator of physiological maturity. AIM: To compare obstetric and perinatal outcomes between adult and adolescent pregnancies as categorized according to GA...
December 2015: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25799686/-adolescent-pregnancy-maternal-characteristics-and-their-association-with-birth-weight-of-the-newborn
#17
Sandra Lucía Restrepo-Mesa, Natalia Zapata López, Beatriz Elena Parra Sosa, Luz Estela Escudero Vásquez, Eduardo Atalah
UNLABELLED: In Colombia, adolescent pregnancy is a public health problem, with serious implications for the health and nutrition of the binomial mother-child. OBJECTIVE: assess socio-demographic, economic, food security, health and maternal nutritional status characteristics by anthropometric measures in a group of pregnant adolescents in Medellin-Colombia on their third trimester of pregnancy and associate them with the newborns weight. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A cross sectional analytical study was made with 294 pregnant women (week 27 to 40), who participating in prenatal control program of the public hospital network in Medellin-Colombia...
June 2014: Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25555298/use-of-hysteroscope-for-vaginoscopy-or-hysteroscopy-in-adolescents-for-the-diagnosis-and-therapeutic-management-of-gynecologic-disorders-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Jolinda Johary, Min Xue, Bin Xu, Dabao Xu, Aixingzi Aili
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to review the published literature and perform a systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of the use of a hysteroscope for vaginoscopy or hysteroscopy in diagnosing and establishing therapeutic management of adolescent patients with gynecologic problems. DESIGN: A systematic review. SETTING: PubMed, Web of science, and Scopus searches were performed for the period up to September 2013 to identify all the eligible studies...
February 2015: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25266435/contraception-for-adolescents
#19
REVIEW
Mary A Ott, Gina S Sucato
A working knowledge of contraception will assist the pediatrician in both sexual health promotion as well as treatment of common adolescent gynecologic problems. Best practices in adolescent anticipatory guidance and screening include a sexual health history, screening for pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, counseling, and if indicated, providing access to contraceptives. Pediatricians' long-term relationships with adolescents and families allow them to help promote healthy sexual decision-making, including abstinence and contraceptive use...
October 2014: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25256879/is-there-a-relationship-between-mood-disorders-and-dysmenorrhea
#20
Gülşah Balık, Işık Ustüner, Mehmet Kağıtcı, Figen Kır Sahin
OBJECTIVE: Menstrual problems are common among adolescent females. Mood changes are related to menstrual problems (menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, and abnormal menstrual cycle length). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between depressive symptoms, anxiety, and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) with dysmenorrhea in adolescent girls. METHODS: A total of 159 adolescent girls (aged 13-19 y) with regular menstrual cycles presenting to the gynecology clinic with any complaints were included in the study during April-May 2013...
December 2014: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
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