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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037013/angioplasty-stenting-and-other-potential-treatments-of-atherosclerotic-stenosis-of-the-intracranial-arteries-past-present-and-future
#1
REVIEW
Ashley Wabnitz, Marc Chimowitz
Although there is an intuitive appeal to treat symptomatic stenotic intracranial arteries with endovascular therapies such as angioplasty and stenting, current data from randomized trials show intensive medical therapy is far superior for preventing stroke. This is in large part due to the high risk of peri-procedural stroke from angioplasty and stenting. If angioplasty and stenting is to emerge as a proven treatment for intracranial stenosis, endovascular techniques will need to become much safer, identification of patients with intracranial stenosis who are at particularly high risk of stroke despite intensive medical therapy will need to be targeted, and well-designed randomized trials will be necessary to show endovascular therapy is superior to medical therapy in these high-risk patients...
September 2017: Journal of Stroke
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036858/musculoskeletal-signs-in-female-homecare-personnel-a-longitudinal-epidemiological-study
#2
Gunnar Lundberg, Björn Gerdle
BACKGROUND: In Sweden, homecare services take care of elderly and disabled people, work that often requires heavy lifting and forward bending, resulting in high prevalences of pain and work accidents. OBJECTIVE: Using an eight-year follow-up, this study determines the prognostic importance of certain musculoskeletal signs reported in earlier studies [1, 2] with respect to aspects of pain and perceived disability. METHODS: Baseline data has been reported in earlier studies of 607 women [1-3]...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036857/outcomes-of-safe-patient-handling-and-mobilization-programs-a-meta-analysis
#3
Erin Teeple, Jamie E Collins, Swastina Shrestha, Jack T Dennerlein, Elena Losina, Jeffrey N Katz
BACKGROUND: Variability in patient care settings and the range of patient handling tasks present challenges in developing and evaluating safe patient handling and mobilization (SPHM) programs. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic meta-analysis of SPHM program evaluations. METHODS: Systematic literature review identified published SPHM program evaluations. Injury Rate Ratios (IRR), pre- to post-intervention, were used to estimate intervention effects and to examine the influence of patient care level, program components, and follow-up time using meta-regression...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036786/pancreatic-cancer-and-associated-exosomes
#4
Chengfei Zhao, Feng Gao, Shaohuang Weng, Qicai Liu
Pancreatic cancers with poor prognosis are highly malignant, readily metastatic and of immune tolerance, mainly due to delayed detection. The metastatic progression and immune tolerance of pancreatic cancer is greatly attributed to the intercellular communication. However, exosomes are deemed to be the most important tool of intercellular communicators. Thus, we present a review of pancreatic cancer and exosomes in this article. We intensively summarize the progress of early pancreatic cancer and the relationship of the proliferation, progression and metastasis of pancreatic cancer and pancreatic cancer-derived exosomes, and propose new ideas of the study of pancreatic cancer...
September 29, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036763/effect-of-treadmill-exercise-on-skeletal-muscle-autophagy-in-rats-with-obesity-induced-by-a-high-fat-diet
#5
Do Keun Cho, Dong Hun Choi, Joon Yong Cho
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of treadmill exercise on body weight, blood biochemistry, and autophagy. METHODS: Triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, insulin, and glucose levels were measured, the Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) score was calculated, and the soleus muscle was analyzed for autophagy-related factors (Beclin-1, p62, LC3, Lamp-2) in rats with obesity induced by a high-fat diet...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036762/low-intensity-aerobic-exercise-training-inhibition-of-skeletal-muscle-atrophy-in-high-fat-diet-induced-ovariectomized-rats
#6
Hye Jin Kim, Won Jun Lee
PURPOSE: Postmenopausal women are highly susceptible to diseases, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, or skeletal muscle atrophy and many people recognize the need for regular physical activity. Aerobic exercise training is known to improve the oxidative capacity and insulin sensitivity of skeletal muscles. This study aimed to investigate the role of low-intensity aerobic exercise training on skeletal muscle protein degradation or synthesis in the plantaris muscles of high-fat-fed ovariectomized rats...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036756/acupuncture-or-acupressure-for-induction-of-labour
#7
REVIEW
Caroline A Smith, Mike Armour, Hannah G Dahlen
BACKGROUND: This is one of a series of reviews of methods of cervical ripening and labour induction. The use of complementary therapies is increasing. Women may look to complementary therapies during pregnancy and childbirth to be used alongside conventional medical practice. Acupuncture involves the insertion of very fine needles into specific points of the body. Acupressure is using the thumbs or fingers to apply pressure to specific points. The limited observational studies to date suggest acupuncture for induction of labour has no known adverse effects to the fetus, and may be effective...
October 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036692/clinical-utility-of-texture-analysis-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-patients-with-stage-i-lung-cancer-treated-with-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy
#8
Kazuya Takeda, Kentaro Takanami, Yuko Shirata, Takaya Yamamoto, Noriyoshi Takahashi, Kengo Ito, Kei Takase, Keiichi Jingu
We evaluated the reproducibility and predictive value of texture parameters and existing parameters of 18F-FDG PET/CT images in Stage I non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT). Twenty-six patients with Stage I NSCLC (T1-2N0M0) were retrospectively analyzed. All of the patients underwent an 18F-FDG PET/CT scan before treatment and were treated with SBRT. Each tumor was delineated using PET Edge (MIM Software Inc., Cleveland, OH), and texture parameters were calculated using open-source code CGITA...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036488/morphological-physiological-and-ultrastructural-changes-in-flower-explain-the-spatio-temporal-emission-of-scent-volatiles-in-polianthes-tuberosa-l
#9
Saborni Maiti, Adinpunya Mitra
Tuberose or Polianthes tuberosa L. is a horticultural crop of tropical origin, widely cultivated for its adorable and intense floral fragrance in the evening. Here an investigation was made on the physiological and cell biological aspects of floral scent biosynthesis, tissue localization and emission that have not previously been examined. Volatiles collected from floral headspace were analysed through GC-MS for identification of individual compounds and elucidation of emission patterns. Transcripts accumulation and the amount of active enzyme were measured to understand the enzymatic route of scent volatiles biosynthesis...
September 22, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036359/profia-a-data-preprocessing-workflow-for-flow-injection-analysis-coupled-to-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#10
Alexis Delabrière, Ulli M Hohenester, Benoit Colsch, Christophe Junot, François Fenaille, Etienne A Thévenot
Motivation: Flow Injection Analysis coupled to High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry (FIA-HRMS) is a promising approach for high-throughput metabolomics. FIA-HRMS data, however, cannot be preprocessed with current software tools which rely on liquid chromatography separation, or handle low resolution data only. Results: We thus developed the proFIA package, which implements a suite of innovative algorithms to preprocess FIA-HRMS raw files, and generates the table of peak intensities...
July 14, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036213/the-value-of-real-time-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-premature-infants-of-diabetic-mothers
#11
Hean-Pat Saw, Nai-Wei Yao, Cheng-Di Chiu, Jia-Yuh Chen
To determine the feasibility of using a real-time continuous glucose monitoring system (RTGMS) in intensive care units, our study focus on preterm infants with diabetic mothers owing to their high risk of blood sugar abnormalities. Thirty preterm babies (M = 15 and F = 15; ≤ 36 week gestation age) were studied from within 72 hours of delivery. These babies were admitted to the newborn intensive care and were further categorized into groups based on whether their mothers with or without diabetic mellitus. Blood sugar levels were monitored by both RTGMS and the traditional intermittent arterial line (A-Line) glucose method...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036157/nonlinear-spline-wavefront-reconstruction-from-shack-hartmann-intensity-measurements-through-small-aberration-approximations
#12
Elisabeth Brunner, Cornelis C de Visser, Michel Verhaegen
We propose an extension of the Spline based ABerration Reconstruction (SABRE) method to Shack-Hartmann (SH) intensity measurements, through small aberration approximations of the focal spot models. The original SABRE for SH slope measurements is restricted to the use of linear spline polynomials, due to the limited amount of data, and the resolution of its reconstruction is determined by the number of lenslets. In this work, a fast algorithm is presented that directly processes the pixel information of the focal spots, allowing the employment of nonlinear polynomials for high accuracy reconstruction...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036105/focus-engineering-based-on-analytical-formulae-for-tightly-focused-polarized-beams-with-arbitrary-geometric-configurations-of-linear-polarization
#13
Zhongsheng Man, Shenggui Fu, Gongxiang Wei
Highly confined electromagnetic fields with controllable intensity profiles and polarization orientations are greatly desired in many fields. In this paper, we report on the generation of highly confined fields through tightly focused locally linearly polarized beams. Using the Richards-Wolf vectorial diffraction method, we derive and build integrated analytical formulae for calculating the tightly focused field of polarized beams with arbitrary geometric configurations of linear polarization. Based on the analytical model, the focusing properties of four types of polarized light beams, i...
August 1, 2017: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035965/effectiveness-of-bedrails-in-preventing-falls-among-hospitalized-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#14
Paulo Marques, Carmen Queirós, João Apóstolo, Daniela Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem today affecting adults of any age, but the elderly are a population that is more susceptible to falls. Falls are the leading cause of injury or death among older adults. Hospitalized older people are particularly vulnerable to falls. Falls cause direct injuries (minor injuries, severe wounds of the soft tissues and bone fractures) to patients and increased length of stay. The prevention of falls is commonly considered an indicator of the quality of care...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035767/life-cycle-energy-impacts-for-adapting-an-urban-water-supply-system-to-droughts
#15
Ka Leung Lam, Jennifer R Stokes-Draut, Arpad Horvath, Joe L Lane, Steven J Kenway, Paul A Lant
In recent years, cities in some water stressed regions have explored alternative water sources such as seawater desalination and potable water recycling in spite of concerns over increasing energy consumption. In this study, we evaluate the current and future life-cycle energy impacts of four alternative water supply strategies introduced during a decade-long drought in South East Queensland (SEQ), Australia. These strategies were: seawater desalination, indirect potable water recycling, network integration, and rainwater tanks...
October 9, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035732/development-and-validation-of-an-automated-delirium-risk-assessment-system-auto-delras-implemented-in-the-electronic-health-record-system
#16
Kyoung-Ja Moon, Yinji Jin, Taixian Jin, Sun-Mi Lee
BACKGROUND: A key component of the delirium management is prevention and early detection. OBJECTIVE: To develop an automated delirium risk assessment system (Auto-DelRAS) that automatically alerts health care providers of an intensive care unit (ICU) patient's delirium risk based only on data collected in an electronic health record (EHR) system, and to evaluate the clinical validity of this system. DESIGN: Cohort and system development designs were used...
September 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035648/treatment-of-mandibular-osteomyelitis-in-two-red-necked-wallabies-macropus-rufogriseus-by-means-of-intensive-long-term-parenteral-drug-administration-and-serial-computed-tomographic-monitoring
#17
Lauren P Kane, Jennifer N Langan, Michael J Adkesson, Sathya K Chinnadurai, Benjamin N Nevitt, Randi Drees
CASE DESCRIPTION 2 female red-necked wallabies (Macropus rufogriseus) were evaluated because of sudden-onset mandibular swelling, ptyalism, and hyporexia. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination revealed a mandibular swelling with a fluctuant center in both wallabies. Hematologic analysis revealed leukocytosis with a mature neutrophilia and monocytosis in one wallaby (case 1) and a slight neutrophilia, hyperglobulinemia, and high serum alanine aminotransferase activity in the other (case 2). Cytologic examination of the swelling revealed a uniform population of gram-negative rods in case 1 and neutrophilic inflammation in case 2...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035607/accuracy-of-w-recovery-kinetics-in-high-performance-cyclists-modelling-intermittent-work-capacity
#18
Jason C Bartram, Dominic Thewlis, David T Martin, Kevin I Norton
PURPOSE: With knowledge of an individual's critical power (CP) and W' the SKIBA 2 model provides a framework with which to track W' balance during intermittent high intensity work bouts. There are fears the time constant controlling the recovery rate of W' (τW') may require refinement to enable effective use in an elite population. METHODS: Four elite endurance cyclists completed an array of intermittent exercise protocols to volitional exhaustion. Each protocol lasted approximately 3...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035602/effect-of-pre-exercise-ingestion-of-modified-amylomaize-starch-on-glycemic-response-while-cycling
#19
Rachel B Parks, Hector F Angus, Douglas S King, Rick Sharp
Amylomaize-7 is classified as a resistant corn starch and is 68% digestible. When modified by partial hydrolysis in ethanol and hydrochloric acid, its digestibility is 92%, yet retains its low glycemic and insulinemic properties. The purpose of this study was to characterize the metabolic response when modified amylomaize-7 or dextrose is consumed in the hour before exercise, and to compare the effect on performance of a brief high-intensity cycling trial. Ten male trained cyclists were given 1 g/kg body mass of dextrose (DEX) or modified amylomaize-7 (AMY-7) or a flavored water placebo (PL) 45 min prior to exercise on a cycle ergometer...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035588/external-match-loads-of-footballers-with-cerebral-palsy-a-comparison-among-sport-classes
#20
Javier Yanci, Daniel Castillo, Aitor Iturricastillo, Tomás Urbán, Raúl Reina
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine and to compare the external match load (ML), according to sport class (FT) of footballers with cerebral palsy (CP) during the International Federation of CP Football (IFCPF) World Championships Qualification Tournament. METHODS: Forty-two international male footballers with CP participated in the data collection. The footballers with CP were classified according to their FT in three groups (i.e. FT5/6, FT7, and FT8)...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
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