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Agata Orzechowska, Katarzyna Denys, Piotr Gałecki
Alexithymia leads to an inability to recognize and identity feelings, use of language to describe the feelings and the inability to distinguish between emotions and bodily symptoms. Is treated as a stable personality trait, which along with other personality factors predispose to presence a variety of mental and physical diseases. Alexithymia is considered to be a personality trait which together with other environmental factors predispose to worsening of somatic diseases and may contribute to the emergence of mental disorders...
August 2014: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
L Cailhol, G Riedi, A Mathur, P Czapla, S Charpentier, M Genestal, P Birmes
BACKGROUND: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by a pervasive pattern of instability and impulsivity. There is a high prevalence of BPD patients among those admitted to the emergency department for suicide attempts. However, little empirical research exists to assist clinicians in deciding whether to hospitalize a suicidal patient. Some authors have argued that hospitalization does not prevent suicide and could actually harm these patients, thereby leading to psychosocial regression...
September 2014: L'Encéphale
Małgorzata Dabkowska
AIM: Alexythymia has been reported in various psychiatric disorders, also in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The 20-item Toronto Alexythymia Scale (TAS-20) measures three inter-correlated dimensions ofalexythymia: 1. difficulties in identifying feelings, 2. difficulties in describing feelings, 3. externally oriented thinking. The aim of the study was to assess the correlation between factors of TAS-20 and intensification of PTSD symptoms. METHOD: Presence and a degree of alexythymia were estimated using three factorial 20-point self-assessment Toronto Alexythymia Scale...
November 2007: Psychiatria Polska
A Sh Tkhostov, I A Bevz, I Iu Dorozhenok, O A Levin
The paper presents a clinical-psychological examination of 40 patients with contrast obsessions of homicidal- and suicidal-phobic contents. The cohort of patients was divided into two groups by the prevalence of the possibility to commit either autodestructive and criminal actions (group 1-24 patients) or violence and murder (group 2-16 patients) in clinical picture of contrast phobias with anxious apprehension. It was found that in patients of group 1 pathology of personality presented with disorders of the hysteric-hyperthymic sphere together with features of overanxiety, while in patients of group 2--with disorders of the anancastic-schizoid sphere...
2001: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
C Marocco Muttini
The term psychosomatic is sometimes mistakenly used as a virtual synonym of "somatoform", whereas there is a structural difference between alexythymia and hysteria. In adolescent psychopathology, where the interpretation of phenomena follows a dynamic and relational pattern, it is difficult to draw a distinction between psychosomatosis and hysteria. Pathological expressivities are often transient and do not depend on the course of an illness, despite being linked to moments of juvenile crisis in which the structural and dynamic reorganisation of the personality accentuates some regressive aspects of defensive operations...
March 1994: Minerva Psichiatrica
C Tennant, A Mihailidou, A Scott, R Smith, J Kellow, M Jones, S Hunyor, M Lorang, R Hoschl
Five-hundred and thirty-two patients with ischaemic-like chest pain referred for symptom-limited exercise thallium myocardial perfusion studies, were assessed on a range of psychosocial measures. Three groups of patients were identified on the basis of their perfusion studies: (1) normal thallium perfusion; (2) current myocardial ischaemia; and (3) past myocardial infarction (but no current ischaemia). There were no significant psychological differences between these groups on a wide range of measures which included depression, state and trait anxiety, Type A behaviour, personality, suppression of affect, locus of control, alexythymia, and hypochondriasis...
May 1994: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
J W Paulley
Typicality is probably a better representation of Alexander, Dunbar and others' conclusions than specificity, which was always too absolute a term. As such it became a valid cause of objection by opponents. No genuine attempts to repeat the original studies have been made and most of the original opposition to the concept is now acknowledged as invalid. Typicality (specificity) in psychosomatic disorders appears to be conferred by coping mechanisms acquired through interaction with mother and early surrogates in infancy and childhood as a means of reducing tensions and restoration of homeostatic emotional equilibrium...
1991: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
R C Marohn
Evaluation and treatment of the assaultive adolescent is an important but difficult process. From a psychodynamic perspective, the author reviews factors associated with adolescent violence, including alcohol and substance use, depression and suicidality, overstimulation, sociocultural and family ambience, property damage, threats of violence, and alexythymia. Management and treatment issues are surveyed, such as the necessity to recognize that in some adolescents violence erupts not from narcissitic rage but from strong wishes for affectionate contact...
June 1992: Hospital & Community Psychiatry
R W Millard, B L Kinsler
The Toronto Alexythymia Scale (TAS) was applied as a potential measure of constricted affect among a sample of patients with chronic, non-malignant pain (n = 195). As previously demonstrated with non-clinical samples, the scale was found to possess moderate reliability with two principal internal factors. These factors seemed to reflect social introversion and a lack of proneness to fantasy. There was a moderate, negative association between them. The domain sampled by the TAS was apparently heterogeneous, with total scores showing no relationship to reported disability or pain intensity and a low relationship to reported distress...
September 1992: Pain
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